Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Larned in Pawnee County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Ak'a Onikashin ga People of the Southwind

 
 
<i>Ak'a Onikashin ga</i>  People of the Southwind Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., June 15, 2016
1. Ak'a Onikashin ga People of the Southwind Marker
Inscription.

The Kanza Indians left their homelands east of the Mississippi River during the 1600s. They settled into what is today the northeast part of Kansas. Waterways provided sustenance for their people and were part of the tribe's culture. The success of western routes of travel, such as the Santa Fe Trail, and American demand for land in the West forced the Kanza to relocate several times.

Lifeways Change
By the 1720s, the Kaw people were labeled the Kanza by European Americans. The name Kanza or Kansas applied to the people, waterway, and later, the territory and state. In forced moves, more than 1,600 Kanza were relocated to areas near Council Grove, Kansas, by treaties that each reduced reservation size in 1825, 1846, and 1859. The final, forced move to Oklahoma occurred in 1872.

Living Heritage
The Kaw Nation maintains its connection to the waterways with programs that work to protect natural resources. Its rich cultural heritage — past, present, and future — is preserved through education, showcasing tribal arts and artifacts, promoting cultural activities and workshops, and serving as a cultural resource.

The Kaw Nation is headquartered in Kaw City, Oklahoma. The tribe has grown to over 3,000 people and provides its citizens with many social, cultural, and health care benefits under

<i>Ak'a Onikashin ga</i>  People of the Southwind Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., June 15, 2016
2. Ak'a Onikashin ga People of the Southwind Marker
At distant left
the governance of the Kaw executive and general councils.
 
Erected by the Kaw Nation and the National Park Service.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Santa Fe Trail marker series.
 
Location. 38° 11.293′ N, 99° 8.481′ W. Marker is near Larned, Kansas, in Pawnee County. Marker is on State Highway 156, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is on the grounds of the Santa Fe Trail Association. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1349 Kansas Highway 156, Larned KS 67550, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Mormon Battalion at Larned, Kansas (a few steps from this marker); Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.6 miles away); Pawnee County Area All Veterans Memorial (approx. 2 miles away); September 11, 2001 (approx. 2 miles away); Birthplace of Farm Credit (approx. 2.2 miles away); Site of Original Cash Store (approx. 2.4 miles away); Site of the Larned House (approx. 2.4 miles away); Santa Fe Trail (approx. 2.5 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Larned.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Kaw Nation. (Submitted on July 15, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Santa Fe National Historic Trail. (Submitted on July 15, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Native AmericansRoads & Vehicles
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 15, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 15, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 108 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 15, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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