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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Carlsbad in Tom Green County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Anti-Tuberculosis Colony No. 1

(McKnight State Tuberculosis Hospital)

 
 
Anti-Tuberculosis Colony No. 1 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, July 13, 2016
1. Anti-Tuberculosis Colony No. 1 Marker
Inscription. In 1911 the Texas legislature passed a law calling for the establishment of state institutions for the treatment of tuberculosis. Founded across the highway in 1912, the Anti-Tuberculosis Colony No. 1 opened with facilities for 57 patients on a 330-acre tract of land. The Tuberculosis Nursing School was founded here in 1915, and by 1961 had graduated 500 male and female nurses.
†††††The colony developed into a self-sustaining community with an average population of 2,000, housed in 36 buildings on 992 acres of land. The institution included a post office, library, public school, power plant, dairy, vegetable garden, bakery and butcher shops. It was renamed the State Sanatorium in 1919.
†††††Most patients were in residence for nine months. At its height the sanatorium provided a treatment capacity for 950 adults and 250 children. The institution was renamed McKnight State Tuberculosis Hospital in 1955 in honor of Dr. J.B. McKnight, superintendent from 1914 to 1950.
†††††The advent of anti-tuberculosis drugs and thoracic surgery altered the treatment of tuberculosis and eventually the institution closed in 1971. Fifty thousand adults and 5,000 children received treatment here.
 
Erected 1997 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 12228.)
 
Location.
Anti-Tuberculosis Colony No. 1 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, July 13, 2016
2. Anti-Tuberculosis Colony No. 1 Marker
View to southwest
31° 36.552′ N, 100° 39.093′ W. Marker is in Carlsbad, Texas, in Tom Green County. Marker is on U.S. 87 0.2 miles north of Irwin Boulevard, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Carlsbad TX 76934, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 15 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. World War I Peace Monument (approx. 5.4 miles away); Butterfield Stage Station at Grape Creek (approx. 6.8 miles away); Sheep and Goat Industry (approx. 9.3 miles away); The Butterfield or California Trail (approx. 9.4 miles away); Natural Landmark Shelving Rock (approx. 13.7 miles away); Divide Cemetery (approx. 13.9 miles away); The Old Chicken Farm Art Center (approx. 14.4 miles away).
 
More about this marker. A plaque on the bottom of the marker states “This marker was sponsored by the Texas Graduate Tuberculosis Nursesí Association.”
 
Also see . . .  Sanatorium, TX. From the Texas State Historical Associationís “Handbook of Texas Online”. (Submitted on July 17, 2016.) 
 
Categories. EducationScience & MedicineSettlements & Settlers
 
View to Southeast Along US 87 image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, July 13, 2016
3. View to Southeast Along US 87
Marker is on right (southwest) side of US 87 on a frontage road
The Former McNight State Tuberculosis Hospital<br>Now the San Angelo State Supported Living Center image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, July 13, 2016
4. The Former McNight State Tuberculosis Hospital
Now the San Angelo State Supported Living Center
View to northeast from marker location
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 17, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 17, 2016, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 193 times since then and 57 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 17, 2016, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.
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