Before There Was a Park
During the War of 1812, the American army recognized the area as key to defending the city from a British invasion. In 1814, military engineers built on top of earlier fortifications, creating a defenses system that included three fortifications. Named Fort Fish, Fort Clinton and Nutter's Battery, they were linked by low earthen walls and a gatehouse to control access to the Kingsbridge Road. They also constructed additional defenses
The designers of Central Park retained the remnants of the fortifications in their development of this portion of the park, which was completed in 1867, and created an overlook at the location of Fort Clinton. In 1945 the Parks Department added new paths to the area, redeveloped Fort Clinton, and created a scenic overlook at Nutter's Battery. While the original fortifications have eroded over time, traces remain, and the expansive views of the surrounding landscape and the city are still part of the experience.
The area continues to be known as the Fort Landscape, and the names of the War of 1812 fortifications are still in use. Between 2014 and 2014, the Central Park Conservancy restored this landscape, including the reconstruction of the overlooks at Fort Clinton and Nutter's Battery. The work included historical research and archeological investigations that revealed new information and physical remnants of area's past, providing insights in the military events that unfolded here and a window into the pre-urban landscape of New York.
Erected by Central Park Conservancy.
Location. 40° 47.683′ N, 73° 57.133′ W. Marker is in New York, New York
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Clinton: On Top of Manhattan (within shouting distance of this marker); Mount Saint Vincent (within shouting distance of this marker); A View From the Road (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Odetta (about 700 feet away); J. Marion Sims, M.D., L.L.D. (approx. 0.2 miles away); The New York Academy of Medicine (approx. 0.2 miles away); Marian Anderson (approx. ¼ mile away); Arthur Brisbane (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War of 1812 • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on August 30, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 29, 2016, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 134 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 29, 2016, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.