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Near Manassas in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Fight at the Fenceline

 

—Second Battle of Manassas - Day Three - August 30, 1862 —

 
Fight at the Fenceline Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 19, 2008
1. Fight at the Fenceline Marker
Inscription. From the left and rear came wave after wave of Confederates. At that moment the only troops facing them were two regiments of Ohio infantry taking cover behind the rail fence. (The Ohioans knew what was coming: they had witnessed the few surviving New York Zouaves stagger out of the woods.)

The Confederate columns divided around Chine House and swept toward the fence line, less than 100 yards away. Suddenly the Ohioans rose and fired. Their concentrated volley struck the front rank of the Confederates like a shock wave. For ten minutes deafening musket fire continued at close range until overwhelming numbers forced the Ohioans back along the ridge.

A Crucial Delay
Longstreet's massive counterattack had a chance to annihilate the Union Army, caught in the open after the repulse at Deep Cut, but the Ohioans bought the Union time. Now Union reinforcements rushed to Chinn Ridge; cannon wheeled into position on the far knoll where the pin oak stands. Those guns became the Confederate's next objective.
 
Location. Marker has been reported missing. It was located near 38° 48.422′ N, 77° 32.135′ W. Marker was near Manassas, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker was at the intersection of Chinn Ridge Loop and Sudley Road (Virginia Road
Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 19, 2008
2. Battle Map
234), on the right when traveling west on Chinn Ridge Loop. Touch for map. Located at the trail head for the Chinn Ridge Loop trail, in the Manassas National Battlefield Park. The trail starts at stop nine of the driving tour of the battlefield. This marker has been replaced by a new marker at the same location, entitled "Chinn Ridge.". Marker was in this post office area: Manassas VA 20109, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Chinn Ridge (a few steps from this marker); Kemper's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); 73rd Ohio Infantry (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fight at the Fence Line (about 300 feet away); Hazel Plain (about 400 feet away); Second Brigade (about 800 feet away); a different marker also named Kemper's Brigade (approx. 0.2 miles away); Defending the Cannon (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Manassas.
 
More about this marker. In the lower left is a photo of Chinn House, circa 1871. Benjamin Chinn's farm was called "Hazel Plain." The house and several outbuildings stood here at the time of the battle. On the far left is a drawing depicting the Ohioans firing from behind a fence line. On the upper right is a battle map illustrating the action described in the text.
 
Related markers.
Trail Head image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 19, 2008
3. Trail Head
The Fight at the Fenceline marker stands to the left of the trail. On the right is a kiosk with the standard set of orientation panels for Manassas Battlefield.
Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Virtual Tour by Markers of the Chinn Ridge Loop Trail
 
Additional comments.
1. McLean's Brigade
The "Ohioans" mentioned on the marker were from McLean's Brigade, consisting of the 25th, 55th, 73rd, and 75th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
    — Submitted August 1, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Reconstructed Fence Line image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 19, 2008
4. Reconstructed Fence Line
Confederate Advance image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 19, 2008
5. Confederate Advance
Looking southwest from the marker location. Kemper's Division of Longstreet's Corps stormed out of the woods from both the south and west as they advanced up Chinn Ridge.
Hazel Plain - The Benjamin Chinn House image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 19, 2008
6. Hazel Plain - The Benjamin Chinn House
All that remains of the house pictured on the marker is this foundation.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 31, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,071 times since then and 48 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 31, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5, 6. submitted on August 1, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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