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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Buffalo in Erie County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

International Crossing

National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom

 
 
International Crossing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2016
1. International Crossing Marker
Inscription. The Black Rock Ferry was an important crossing to Canada throughout the 19th century until it ceased operations in 1949. The ferry wharf was located on a long, narrow stone pier constructed to protect Black Rock Harbor from the Niagara River.

Originally, the ferry was powered by four men pulling a pair of oars. In 1826, the state legislature required conversion to a horse boat, four hourses turning a wheel which in turn propelled the boat. A steam boat was introduced in 1840.

The stone pier was widened in the 1930s to build Buffalo's sewage treatment plant and the present park.

View across the canal and harbor to the ferry wharf, about 1888. Source: eee. eriecanal.com NPS Multiple Property Doc Form Appendix B, P2.
Background: The ferry wharf and customs house with the Frontier Mills beyond. Huntress (1880, Propeller). Source: C. Patrick Labadie Collection / Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary, Alpena, MI.
 
Erected 2016.
 
Location. 42° 54.911′ N, 78° 54.188′ W. Marker is in Buffalo, New York, in Erie County. Marker is at the intersection of Robert Rich Way and West Ferry Bascule Bridge when traveling west on Robert Rich Way. Touch for map. Marker is in Broderick Park on Unity
International Crossing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2016
2. International Crossing Marker
This is the view, straight ahead, as one crosses the West Ferry Street Bascule Bridge onto Unity Island (nee Squaw Island). Two markers are beyond the flagpoles along the oval walkway. This is the left side marker.
Island (nee Squaw Island), straight ahead and beyond the flagpoles as one crosses onto the island on the West Ferry Bascule Bridge. Access is from Niagara Street (NY route 266) at West Ferry Street/Robert Rich Way. Marker is in this post office area: Buffalo NY 14213, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Industrial Powerhouse (here, next to this marker); Underground Railroad River Crossing (a few steps from this marker); West Ferry Street Bascule Bridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Black Rock Harbor / From Plantation to Promised Land (within shouting distance of this marker); Broderick Park / Distinctive River Ecosystems (within shouting distance of this marker); Harrowing Journey (within shouting distance of this marker); Nowak Pier (approx. 0.2 miles away); Peter B. Porter (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buffalo.
 
Categories. Waterways & Vessels
 
International Crossing Marker - Southward image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, September 25, 2016
3. International Crossing Marker - Southward
Niagara River. Peace Bridge in background, leading to Ft. Erie, Canada, at right.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 26, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 26, 2016, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 94 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 26, 2016, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.
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