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New York City in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

General Philip Henry Sheridan

 
 
General Philip Henry Sheridan Marker image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, October 3, 2016
1. General Philip Henry Sheridan Marker
Inscription. This expressive bronze portrait of General Philip Henry Sheridan (1831-1888), created by Joseph Pollia (1893-1954), was unveiled in Christopher Park in 1936. The sculpture honors the distinguished Civil War cavalry commander for whom the surrounding square was named in 1896. It is one of nine statues of Civil War generals in New York City parks.

Sheridan was born on March 6, 1831, and enrolled at the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1848. He graduated in 1853, and was appointed brevet 2nd lieutenant in the 1st Infantry. After rising to the rank of captain in 1861, Sheridan was appointed chief quartermaster and commissary of the army in southwestern Missouri. After difficult, but effective, quartermaster work in the Mississippi campaign of 1862, Sheridan was named colonel of the 2nd Michigan Cavalry.

The success of Sheridan’s 1862-63 campaign led General Grant to place him in charge of the cavalry of the Army of the Potomac, and then the Army of the Shendandoah. Sheridan’s most storied victory of this period was the battle of Cedar Creek in the Shenandoah Valley. His heroic acts on October 19, 1864 were immortalized in Thomas Buchanan Read’s poem, Sheridan’s Ride.

In 1865, Sheridan’s bold military tactics achieved victory over General Pickett at Five Forks, Virginia, and at the war’s end,
General Philip Henry Sheridan Statue and Monument - West-facing Side image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, October 3, 2016
2. General Philip Henry Sheridan Statue and Monument - West-facing Side
General Philip Henry
Sheridan
1831 • 1888
Sheridan was promoted to Major General and assigned to the southwest to counter Maximilian’s French troops in Mexico. In 1867, Sheridan was made a military governor of the district encompassing Louisiana and Texas, and then the Department of Missouri. Promoted by Grant in 1869 to lieutenant general, Sheridan then succeeded General Sherman in 1884 as commander-in-chief of the United States Army. In 1888, Sheridan was promoted to full general and he published his memoirs. He died that same year of a heart attack at age 57. He is remembered as a brilliant military tactician and an assertive commander in battle.

In 1924, the General Sheridan Memorial Committee was organized by John B. Trainer, former secretary of the Armory Board of New York City. The committee raised $6,000 through public subscription to erect the statue in Christopher Park. The statue was dedicated in elaborate ceremonies on October 19, 1936, coinciding with the 72nd anniversary of the Cedar Creek victory. A time capsule, including the names of all contributors, was sealed at the base of the statue. Italian-born sculptor Joseph Pollia, who created the statue of Sheridan, received numerous public commissions, and in 1926, also sculpted the World War I Doughboy figure known as My Buddy or the Richmond Hill War Memorial, which stands in Forest Park, Queens.

Although many images of the general show
General Philip Henry Sheridan Statue and Monument - North-facing side image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, October 3, 2016
3. General Philip Henry Sheridan Statue and Monument - North-facing side
“He belongs to the first rank of soldiers, not only of our country, but of the world.”
U.S. Grant
him astride his horse Rienzi, Sheridan’s larger-than-life statue depicts him standing in full Union Army regalia, booted and spurred, with a sword swinging at his side. It is set within a fenced and landscaped enclosure, atop a granite base that includes an inscription on its north face attributed to General Ulysses S. Grant: “He belongs to the first rank of soldiers, not only of our country, but of the world.”

In 2000, the City Parks Foundation Monuments Conservation Program conserved the sculpture. Funding for the project came through numerous contributions in a campaign spearheaded by Robert W. Lord, a descendant of four Civil War soldiers for the Union. Additional matching funds from the American Express Company, the Florence Gould Foundation, and the Samuel H. Kress Foundation made the project possible. On October 19, 2000, the statue was rededicated in a ceremony that recalled the original dedication, and a time capsule of new contributors was buried near the base of the monument.


 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 40° 44.017′ N, 74° 0.131′ W. Marker is in New York City, New York, in New York County. Marker is on Christopher Street near 7th Avenue South, on the left when traveling
General Philip Henry Sheridan Statue and Monument - South-facing Side image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, October 3, 2016
4. General Philip Henry Sheridan Statue and Monument - South-facing Side
Erected by the General Sherman
Memorial Association and his
comrades of the G.A.R
1936


The Stonewall Inn is visible in the background.
west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 53 Christopher Street, New York NY 10014, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gay Liberation Monument (a few steps from this marker); Stonewall Inn (a few steps from this marker); Ephraim Ellsworth and the New York Fire Zouaves (within shouting distance of this marker); Christopher Park (within shouting distance of this marker); 27 Christopher Street (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Edwin Arlington Robinson (about 300 feet away); Thomas Paine Death House (about 400 feet away); St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York City.
 
More about this marker. The marker and monument are in the middle of Christopher Park, which is part of both Stonewall National Monument and Sheridan Square.
 
Also see . . .  Civil War Soldiers March into Christopher Park (The Daily Plant, October 20, 2000). Yesterday, Parks celebrated the rededication of one of New York City’s great statues, of General Philip Henry Sheridan. The sculpture, located in Christopher Park, honors the distinguished Civil War cavalry commander for whom the surrounding
Major General Phillip H. Sheridan image. Click for full size.
Brady-Handy Photograph Collection (Library of Congress)., circa 1864
5. Major General Phillip H. Sheridan
square was named in 1896; it is one of nine statues of Civil War generals in New York City parks. The monument was originally unveiled on October 19, 1936, the 72nd anniversary of General Sheridan’s heroic victory at the battle of Cedar Creek in the Shenandoah Valley.
(Submitted on October 14, 2016.) 
 
Categories. Arts, Letters, MusicWar, US Civil
 
General Philip Henry Sheridan Statue, Monument, and Marker - Wide View image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, October 3, 2016
6. General Philip Henry Sheridan Statue, Monument, and Marker - Wide View
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 14, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 13, 2016, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 144 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 14, 2016, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.
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