Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Stanhope in Sussex County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Morris Canal Inclined Planes

Village of Waterloo

 
 
The Morris Canal Inclined Planes Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 21, 2016
1. The Morris Canal Inclined Planes Marker
Inscription.
The inclined planes of the Morris Canal solved a major engineering problem.
  The canal route had to overcome 1,674 feet of elevation change across New Jersey. The route was chosen for access to the state’s iron industry and to utilize the water of Lake Hopatcong, 924 feet above sea level. The canal’s twenty-three inclined planes overcame large changes in elevation. Twenty-three lift locks, the water elevators of the canal, accounted for the rest.

Imagine the sights and sounds of a canal boat descending the inclined plane, like the one here at Waterloo.   Water gushed through the flume and was forced into the turbine housed in the powerhouse shown in the upper right. Wire cable squealed as it wound around the huge cable drum, guiding the heavy boat along iron rails. Mules’ hooves clopped across the bridge, ready to pull the boat towards the lock. The sounds of the lock gate opening ushered the boat on its journey.

< Sidebar : >
Morris Canal Greenway
The Morris Canal Greenway encompasses part of the historic Morris Canal’s alignment and is a cooperative effort of the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry, the Canal Society of New Jersey, the Village of Waterloo and the Friends of the Morris Canal. The Greenway’s purpose is to preserve the remains of the Morris Canal
The Morris Canal Inclined Planes Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 21, 2016
2. The Morris Canal Inclined Planes Marker
and its associated natural environment, to interpret canal sites to the public and to offer recreational opportunities. As you walk the Greenway, you will see the remains of canal features, including inclined planes, locks, canal bed and historic industries and communities directly related to the Morris Canal’s operation.
 
Location. 40° 54.869′ N, 74° 45.269′ W. Marker is in Stanhope, New Jersey, in Sussex County. Marker can be reached from Waterloo Valley Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is located in Historic Waterloo Village. Marker is in this post office area: Stanhope NJ 07874, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark (a few steps from this marker); Waterloo: A Transportation Crossroads (within shouting distance of this marker); The Morris Canal 1824-1924 (within shouting distance of this marker); Let This Tablet Honor Them and All Who Live For the Good of the Community (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Waterloo, A Canal Town (about 300 feet away); Cat Swamp Hijacking and Murder (approx. 2.3
Marker on the Morris Canal image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, October 21, 2016
3. Marker on the Morris Canal
miles away); Stanhope, NJ (approx. 2½ miles away); Morris & Essex Line – Netcong Station (approx. 2.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Stanhope.
 
More about this marker. An illustration at the center of the marker depicts the process of a canal boat making its way from the upper canal level to the lower level. It includes a description of the process, as follows:
How It Worked
1)
Water from the upper canal level was carried by the headrace flume to the powerhouse.
2) The water dropped about 45 feet through the penstock and was then forced up into the head of the turbine.
3) Water shooting from the four arms of the turbine caused it to rotate, like a lawn sprinkler. This motion was transmitted to the cable drum overhead in the powerhouse.
4) The reversible cable drum wound around the heavy iron cable that moved the cradle car and canal boat up or down the plane.
 
Categories. Waterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 22, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 22, 2016, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 155 times since then and 57 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 22, 2016, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
Paid Advertisement