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Near Varina in Henrico County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Advancing On Richmond

Engagement at Laurel Hill Church

 

—Siege of Petersburg & Richmond 1864-1865 —

 
Advancing On Richmond Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 8, 2016
1. Advancing On Richmond Marker
Inscription.
(preface)
For almost ten months beginning in mid-June 1864, the Army of the Potomac besieged the cities of Petersburg and Richmond from the east and south. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered the Union fortifications extended west of Petersburg and launched frequent attacks there and near Richmond, forcing Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee to stretch his thin defensive lines and move his outnumbered troops to counter the attacks. 0n April 3, 1865, Lee evacuated his army west after the Federal breakthrough at Petersburg, and the Union army occupied both cities.

(main text)
Laurel Hill Church marked the farthest extent of the Federal advance west toward Richmond during the two-pronged attacks on the city’s Confederate defenses on September 29, 1864. After helping capture New Market Heights (two miles east), Union Gen. Robert S. Foster’s X Corps division reached this location early in the afternoon. Foster found that the 3rd Richmond Howitzers and Confederate Gen. Martin W. Gary’s dismounted Confederate cavalry blocked New Market Road. Foster formed his brigades in two lines and advanced. Although the Federals endured devastating fire from the roadway and from nearby Fort Gilmer (two miles southeast), the assault overwhelmed the Confederate position on New Market Road.

Instead of advancing
Advancing On Richmond Marker (facing east) image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 8, 2016
2. Advancing On Richmond Marker (facing east)
toward Richmond, Foster chose to silence Fort Gilmer. U.S. Colored Troops (USCT), who had fought earlier in the morning’s victory at New Market Heights, soon joined the attack on the fort. The Confederates repulsed the assault and abruptly ended the Federal strike at Richmond.

(sidebar)
Laurel Hill Methodist Church (built 1857) served a rural congregation. The church may have taken its name from nearby laurel trees. The building was operated as a field hospital after the battles on September 29, 1864, and survived the war. The original church was destroyed by fire in 1951.

(captions)
Gen. Robert S. Foster Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. Martin W. Gary Courtesy Duke University
Unidentified soldier, Richmond Howitzers Courtesy Library of Congress
Laurel Hill Church, by artist Edna Shiflet Courtesy Laurel Hill Church
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 27.525′ N, 77° 22.6′ W. Marker is near Varina, Virginia, in Henrico County. Marker is on New Market Road (Virginia Route 5) east of Laurel Hill Lane, on the right when traveling
Advancing On Richmond Marker (facing west) image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 8, 2016
3. Advancing On Richmond Marker (facing west)
east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1919 New Market Rd, Henrico VA 23231, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fort Gilmer (approx. 0.3 miles away); Fort Harrison (approx. 0.4 miles away); First Successful Colonial Tobacco Crop (approx. half a mile away); Hopeless Attacks (approx. 0.8 miles away); a different marker also named Fort Gilmer (approx. 0.8 miles away); Galaxy (approx. one mile away); Richmond Defences (approx. 1.1 miles away); John Rolfe (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Varina.
 
Also see . . .  Laurel Hill United Methodist Church. (Submitted on November 8, 2016.)
 
Categories. Churches & ReligionWar, US Civil
 
Laurel Hill United Methodist Church image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, November 8, 2016
4. Laurel Hill United Methodist Church
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on November 8, 2016, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 179 times since then and 57 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 8, 2016, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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