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US Civil War Historical Markers

 
Mayor Emery and the Union Army Marker image, Touch for more information
By Allen C. Browne, May 1, 2013
Mayor Emery and the Union Army Marker
District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — 2 — Mayor Emery and the Union Army — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
The City Park across the street was once Emery Place, the summer estate of Matthew Gault Emery. A prominent builder, Emery was Washington City's last elected mayor during the period of home rule. He was succeeded in 1874 by a presidentially . . . — Map (db m72816) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Archaeology in Adams Morgan — Surveying the Cemeteries in Walter Pierce Park, 2005-2013
In 2013, Howard University archaeologists, working with concerned citizens, completed a seven-year survey of Walter C. Pierce Community Park. Their goal: to identify and protect two 19th Century cemeteries--the Colored Union Benevolent . . . — Map (db m112588) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — 4 — Life on the Park — Roads to Diversity — Adams Morgan Heritage Trail —
During the Civil War (1861-1865), the Union Army Carver Hospital and barracks occupied Meridian Hill. The facilities attracted African American freedom seekers looking for protection and employment. By war’s end, a Black community had put down . . . — Map (db m130705) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Soldiers and Sailors Buried at Mt. Pleasant Plains Cemetery, 1870-1890 — (Walter Pierce Park)
"I knew him when he was drafted for the war, and I knew him when he came back ... He had a soldier's clothes on when he came back, with a gun, canteen, knap sack and blanket."-- Lloyd Mudd, testifying to U.S. Pension officials about Enoch Magruder, . . . — Map (db m112866) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 17 — American University — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
Beyond Ward Circle to your left is the campus of American University, chartered by Congress in 1893. Methodist Bishop John Fletcher Hurst guided the university’s development as a center for training future public servants. With its schools in . . . — Map (db m130932) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — Fort Bayard
Civil War Defenses of Washington 1861-1865. No visible evidence remains of Fort Bayard, which stood at the top of this hill. Named for Brig. Gen. George Bayard, mortally wounded at the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, 1862. — Map (db m124) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 14 — Booth's Escape — An East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
Late On The Night Of April 14, 1865, a guard at the other end of the Navy Yard Bridge allowed a young man on horseback to cross, despite a wartime curfew. Unbeknownst to the guard, the rider, John Wilkes Booth, had just shot President Abraham . . . — Map (db m100715) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Fort Stanton — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861 – 1865 —
Earthworks of Fort Stanton are visible in the wooded area 200 yards in front of you. Diagram: Fort Stanton from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers drawing. Fort Stanton was named for Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, was the first fort . . . — Map (db m46623) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
Also known as Cedar Hill, this site encompasses the estate owned by Frederick Douglass from 1877 until his death in 1895. In honor of Douglass’ work as an author, orator, abolitionist, statesman, and civil rights leader, this site is designated a . . . — Map (db m40846) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia Park — Hillsdale & Frederick Douglass
The "Freedmen's Bureau" acquired 375 acres of land that was originally a tobacco plantation from the Barry Family in the late 1800's. In 1867, the land was named Hillsdale by African Americans who came to Washington in great numbers before and . . . — Map (db m141635) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Arboretum — Chichorium intybus — chicory
During the U.S. Civil War, Confederate soldiers used roasted, ground chicory root as a substitute for coffee, which was scarce during the conflict. Still popular in the southern states, chicory is either mixed with true coffee or prepared by itself. . . . — Map (db m144436) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Benjamin Franklin McAlwee
Benjamin Franklin McAlwee Medal of Honor Serg. Maj. Co D 3 MD Infantry Civil War Jan 7 1838 - June 28 1918 — Map (db m141890) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Congressional Cemetery Government Lots
Civil War Washington City Over the course of the Civil War, the nation's capital was transformed. The dignified government city Pierre Charles L' Enfant laid out in 1791 was hardened into a sprawling military center. Encircled by strong . . . — Map (db m139512) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — Peter Perkins Pitchlynn — (Ha-tchoo-tuc-knee)
Choctaw Chief—Diplomat—Education Leader Born January 30, 1896 Died January 17, 1881 • Principal Chief, Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma 1864-1866 • Tribal Commissioner for land claims against the U.S. Government (1853-61 — . . . — Map (db m139480) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — U.S. Arsenal Explosion Memorial
Dedicated to the Memory of the Victims of the U.S. Arsenal Explosion on June 17, 1864 Ellen Roche Julia McEwen Bridget Dunn W. E. Tippett Margaret Horan Johanna Connors Susan Harris Lizzie Brahler Margaret Yonson . . . — Map (db m80961) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Bellevue — Fort Greble — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865 —
Earthworks of Fort Greble are visible beyond this exhibit. Fort Greble was named in honor of Lt. John T. Greble, slain at the Battle of Big Bethel, June 10, 1861, the first U.S. Military Academy graduate killed in the Civil War. — Map (db m40866) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Benning Ridge — Fort Chaplin — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865 —
Earthworks of Fort Chaplin are visible through the wooded areas at the top of the hill. Fort Chaplin was named in honor of Col. Daniel Chaplin, who was mortally wounded on August 17, 1864, at Deep Bottom, Virginia. — Map (db m10628) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brentwood — Former Site, Columbian Harmony Cemetery — 1857-1959
Many distinguished Black citizens including Civil War veterans were buried in this cemetery. These bodies now rest in the new National Harmony Memorial Park Cemetery in Maryland. — Map (db m16069) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brentwood — Former Site, Columbian Harmony Cemetery — 1857 - 1959 — Lest We Forget —
This area, including that of the adjacent shopping center, was once the site of Columbian Harmony Cemetery. The cemetery, established in 1828 "for free persons of color," was originally located near 6th and S Streets, NW, Washington, D.C. Relocation . . . — Map (db m146576) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 16 — “Get Down You Fool” — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Hearing those words, President Abraham Lincoln ducked down from the Fort Stevens parapet during the Civil War battle that stopped the Confederates from taking Washington. On July 9, 1864, some 15,000 Rebels led by General Jubal A. Early . . . — Map (db m72829) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 7 — An African American Enclave — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Even before emancipation freed Washington's enslaved people in April 1862, a free African American community had developed here amid the European American farmers. The District of Columbia, unlike its neighbors, permitted the formerly enslaved . . . — Map (db m143796) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 17 — Aunt Betty's Story — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Elizabeth Proctor Thomas (1821-1917), a free Black woman whose image appears on each Brightwood Heritage Trail sign, once owned 11 acres in this area. Known, respectfully in her old age as "Aunt Betty," Thomas and her husband James farmed and kept . . . — Map (db m72830) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 1 — Battle of Fort Stevens — Former Walter Reed Army Medical Center — Walking Tour —
Although nothing remains of the original landscape, this area was a battleground of the only Civil War battle fought in Washington. On July 11, 1864, Confederate troops attempted to capture the Union's capitol by first taking a meagerly defended . . . — Map (db m105292) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 4 — Borden's Dream Realized — Former Walter Reed Army Medical Center — Walking Tour —
While the hospital continued to emphasize clinical microscopy and bacteriology, achievements in other fields set the standards for military and civilian care in fields such as dentistry and X-ray use. The circumstances of World War I and the high . . . — Map (db m143699) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 5 — Build It And They Will Come — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
In 1818 the Private Rockville and Washington Turnpike Co. began building a road to link Washington City to Rockville, Maryland. This road helped create a village. A toll gate on what today is Georgia Avenue between Quackenbos and Rittenhouse . . . — Map (db m72819) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 6 — Cameron's Creek and the Rose Garden — Former Walter Reed Army Medical Center — Walking Tour —
The home of Thomas Carberry was later sold to James Donald Cameron, former Secretary of War under President Grant. When the U.S. government acquired property here for the Army hospital in 1905, the small stream running through the property was known . . . — Map (db m143703) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Fort Stevens
Civil War Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 The partial reconstruction of Fort Stevens that you see today was done by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1937. No visible evidence of the original fort remains. Battle of Fort Stevens July 11-12, . . . — Map (db m3028) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Fort Stevens — Rock Creek Park
We haven’t taken Washington, but we scared Abe Lincoln like hell! ” General Jubal Anderson Early Built between 1861-1863 this structure was originally called Fort Massachusetts and guarded the northern defenses of the . . . — Map (db m49456) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Lincoln Under Fire at Fort Stevens
Lincoln Under Fire at Fort Stevens July 12, 1864 — Map (db m901) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Military Road School — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1375 Missouri Avenue, NW —
The Military Road School opened in 1864 here along what then was Military Road, an artery linking Civil War forts. The School was one of the first to open after Congress authorized public education for Washington's African Americans in 1862. . . . — Map (db m115232) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Scale Model of Fort Stevens
Dedicated September 1936 in memory of The Grand Army of the Republic by the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865 — Map (db m49526) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Site of a Tulip Tree
Used as a signal station · by · Confederate soldiers under Gen. Jubal A. Early during the attack on · Washington · July 11 and 12, 1864 Also used by Confederate Sharpshooters The lower plaque reads: Two cannon balls . . . — Map (db m42698) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 15 — The Rock on Brightwood Avenue — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Across Quackenbos Street Emory United Methodist Church. Named to honor Bishop John Emory of Maryland (1789-1835), the congregation dates from 1832. From the beginning, Emory welcomed all races but, like most Washington churches then, seated . . . — Map (db m118907) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 11 — The Seventh Street Turnpike — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
On July 11 and 12, 1864, this intersection was the center of the only Civil War battle fought in the District of Columbia. Here, Union sharpshooters at Fort Stevens, supported by forces across the northernmost of Washington's ring of forts, . . . — Map (db m123226) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Walter Reed Army Medical Center — 1 May 1909 - 15 September 2011
Walter Reed Army Medical Center Named in honor of Major Walter Reed, pioneer in military medicine Dedicated September 26, 1977 A.D. Dedicated to Major Walter Reed, who proved the mosquito transmission of . . . — Map (db m143697) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brookland — Fort Bunker Hill — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865 —
Captions: Fort Bunker Hill from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers drawing. Built by the 11th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment who named the fort after the Revolutionary War battle in their home state. Other Civil War fort . . . — Map (db m111794) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brookland — Fort Bunker Hill
One of the Civil War Defenses of Washington erected in the fall of 1861, Fort Bunker Hill occupied an important position between Fort Totten and Fort Lincoln in the defense of the National Capital. Thirteen guns and mortars were mounted in the fort. — Map (db m111795) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Capitol Square, NW — Historical Information
The Peace Monument By Franklin Simmons, 1878 The Peace Monument, also called the Naval Monument, was erected to commemorate the naval deaths at sea during the Civil War. at the top of the 44-foot monument, Grief, sometimes called . . . — Map (db m111437) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Freedmen’s Memorial Monument to Abraham Lincoln — or Freedom’s Memorial
In grateful memory of Abraham Lincoln. This monument was erected by the Western Sanitary Commission of Saint Louis, Mo., with funds contributed solely by emancipated Citizens of the United States declared free by his Proclamation, January 1st . . . — Map (db m41617) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 4 — Healing the Wounded — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail —
In 1866 the Navy completed the hospital you see across the street to treat injured and ailing seamen. With beds for 50, it included the carriage house/stable and cast-iron fence and (around the corner) the gazebo. Its front door originally was . . . — Map (db m130732) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — James A. Garfield
(Front):James A. Garfield 1831 - 1881 (Left):Major General USV, Member of Congress, Senator and President of the United States of America. (Right):Erected by his comrades of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland May 12 . . . — Map (db m18602) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Naval Monument — Peace Memorial
In memory of the officers seamen and marines of the United States Navy who fell in defence of the union and liberty of their country 1861-1865 — Map (db m18594) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Original Site Of Providence Hospital
Providence Hospital was located on this site during the years 1861 through 1956. Founded in 1861 by the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul from Emmitsburg, Maryland. The Hospital was chartered by an Act of Congress in 1864. During . . . — Map (db m116116) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Old Naval Hospital
The Neighborhood This site has been associated with Navy medicine since 1800 when an apothecary shop located here provided medical services to sailors and marines from the nearby Navy Yard and Marine Barracks. Naval Hospital, . . . — Map (db m127966) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Ulysses S. Grant Memorial
Grant — Map (db m18597) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Ulysses S. Grant Memorial — National Mall and Memorial Parks — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
“Although a soldier by profession, I have never felt any sort of fondness for war, and I have never advocated it, except as a means of peace,” General Ulysses S. Grant. Hiram Ulysses Grant, mistakenly listed as Ulysses Simpson Grant . . . — Map (db m29459) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Chinatown — e.9 — Mary Surratt's Boarding House — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"The nest in which the egg was hatched." President Andrew Johnson, April 1865. The building at 604 H Street is intimately connected to the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln at Ford’s Theater, just five . . . — Map (db m16585) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Campus to Army Camps and Back Again — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
President Monroe singed a charter in 1821 that established Columbian College on a site north of Florida Avenue between 14th and 15th Streets, Columbian College moved to Foggy Bottom in 1912 and became George Washington University, but the original . . . — Map (db m63771) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 15 — College Hill — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail —
Wayland Seminary opened in Foggy Bottom just after the Civil War to train formerly enslaved people and others as “preachers and teachers for the South” and as missionaries to evangelize Africa. In 1875 it moved here, later merging . . . — Map (db m130745) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Congress Heights — Fort Carroll — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865 —
Earthworks of Fort Carroll are visible 100 yards to the right at the top of the hill. Fort Carroll was named in honor of Maj. Gen. Samuel Sprigg Carroll, a West Point graduate from the District of Columbia. — Map (db m10614) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — “Damn the Torpedoes, Full Speed Ahead!” — Farragut Square, National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C. — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
With these legendary words, naval officer David G. Farragut led the Union fleet past Confederate mines (then called torpedoes) and to victory at the Battle of Mobile Bay on August 5, 1864. From the rigging of his flagship, USS Hartford, . . . — Map (db m4104) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.2 — Franklin Square — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"going into the country" This urban oasis exists because President Andrew Jackson needed water. The site of excellent springs (a rare commodity in the early city when everyone was dependent on private wells), this square was purchased . . . — Map (db m29594) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Major General James B. McPherson
(Right):Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson. Atlanta. July 22, 1864. (Left):Erected by his comrades of The Society of The Army of the Tennessee — Map (db m17534) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.4 — New York Avenue Presbyterian Church at Herald Square — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"The churches are needed as never before for divine services." President Abraham Lincoln So said President Lincoln from his pew in New York Avenue Presbyterian Church. While other churches were occupied by . . . — Map (db m32926) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Blair House — Erected 1824
1836 home of Francis Preston Blair Editor of Globe Also of Montgomery Blair Attorney for Dred Scott Postmaster General in the Cabinet of Abraham Lincoln Occupied by George Bancroft, Historian General Robert E. Lee was . . . — Map (db m113099) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — The Lee House — Erected 1858
Home of Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee, U.S. Navy and Elizabeth Blair Lee, to whom it was given by her father, Francis Preston Blair. Admiral Lee commanded the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron during the Civil War. Home also of their son Blair . . . — Map (db m4050) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.5 — The United States Treasury — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
Billions for the war, and a bunker for the president The grand, pillared United States Treasury building that stands before you, its first section designed by Robert Mills in 1836, was the financial command center for the Union. It . . . — Map (db m130407) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.5 — The United States Treasury — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
Billions for the war and a bunker for the president The grand, pillared United States Treasury building that stands before you was the financial command center for the Union during the Civil War. It was here between 1861 and 1865 . . . — Map (db m130491) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — William Tecumseh Sherman — 1820 - 1891
"On no earthly account will I do any act or think any thought hostile to or in defiance of the old government of the United States." Alexandria, Louisiana, January 18, 1861 "Wars legitimate object is more perfect peace." Washington, D.C., February . . . — Map (db m8350) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — In Memory of Henry Martyn Robert — 1837–1923 — Brigadier General, U. S. Army —
One of this country’s most distinguished river, harbor and shoreline engineers, he was led by civic concerns to become the noted original author of the familiar parliamentary manual, Robert's Rules of Order. Robert served in the . . . — Map (db m31140) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Nuns of the Battlefield — Civil War Nurses Memorial
(Upper Inscription): They comforted the dying, Nursed the wounded, carried hope to the imprisoned, gave in His name a drink of water to the thirsty. (Lower Inscription):To the memory and in honor of The Various Orders of Sisters who . . . — Map (db m10176) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Samuel Francis Du Pont — Memorial Fountain in Du Pont Circle
Samuel Francis Du Pont, United States Navy, 1803 - 1865 This memorial fountain replaces a statue erected by the Congress of the United States in recognition of his distinguished services. — Map (db m32426) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Winfield Scott — General-in-Chief, U.S. Army
SCOTT — Map (db m21943) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — You are standing at the heart — Dupont Circle — Diverse Visions | One Neighborhood —
You are standing at the heart of the Dupont Circle Neighborhood, roughly bounded by 16th St., M St., Florida Ave. and Swann St. Early on, as the westernmost circle on L'Enfant's 1792 plan, the large park was called Pacific Circle. Like other . . . — Map (db m96431) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), East Potomac Park — Engineering a Landmark — Hains Point, National Mall & Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C. — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
You stand on a part of the Potomac River once marred by unattractive, putrid mudflats. Hains Point forms just a part of the over 700-acre Potomac Park created in the 1880s from 12 million cubic yards of dredged river sediments. It is named for Maj. . . . — Map (db m65660) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — Alexander Robey Shepherd
Governor, Territory of the District of Columbia (1873-1874) Born Washington, D.C. January 31, 1835 Died Batopilas, Mexico, September 12, 1902 Buried Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, D.C. Civil War Union veteran, entrepreneur, civil leader . . . — Map (db m65158) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — .1 — Market Space: Yesterday’s Town Square — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
Hay for the horses, produce for the table, live chickens for the pot, and a hat for your head.” All this and more could be had right here during the Civil War. The triangular area just ahead to your left was called Major . . . — Map (db m27529) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 13 — Our Tax Dollars — Make No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail —
While only Congress — the people's elected representatives — can impose taxes and decide how they are spent, the Internal Revenue Service, a bureau of the U.S. Treasury, ensures those taxes are collected fairly and efficiently. The . . . — Map (db m57212) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 10 — The Division — Make No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail —
Soon after the Federal government moved to Washington in 1800, this area attracted shops and stables to serve the new residents. But where Constitution Avenue runs today, just south of this sign, Tiber Creek flowed - and often flooded. In 1815 . . . — Map (db m57209) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Gen. John A. Rawlins Memorial
Rawlins — Map (db m53467) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Winder Building — Erected 1848 — Purchased by United States Government 1852 —
During the Civil War this building was Headquarters of the United States Army. Major General Winfield Scott, Major General Halleck and later Lieutenant General U.S. Grant had their offices here. It also housed the Bureau of Military Justice, . . . — Map (db m133739) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Fort Davis — Fort Davis — Civil War Defenses of Washington
One of several earthworks commenced late in 1861 to guard the nation’s capital from the ridge east of the Anacostia River. The fort was named in honour of Colonel Benjamin F. Davis of the 8th New York Cavalry, killed at Beverly Ford, Virginia, June . . . — Map (db m40690) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Fort Dupont — Fort DuPont — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861 - 1865 —
Panel 1: Civil War Defenses of Washington Fort DuPont This small work was one of the defenses begun in the fall of 1861 on the ridge east of the Anacostia River. It was named after Admiral Samuel DuPont, a commander of the South Atlantic . . . — Map (db m46425) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Fort McNair — Building 20, Grant Hall
In 1829, the Federal Penitentiary was built on this site. Designed by Charles Bulfinch, the Architect of the Capitol, the Penitentiary was influenced by the prison reform movement of the 1820s. In 1831, an eastern extension to the building added a . . . — Map (db m64922) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Fort McNair — Lincoln Assassination Trial
On April 14, 1865 John Wilkes Booth (of Maryland) assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Fords Theater in downtown Washington. Booth's conspirators were arrested and tried by a Military Court here in Building 20 from May 9 to June 30, 1865. One . . . — Map (db m29740) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Fort McNair — Women War Workers 1861 - 1865
During the Civil War the Washington Arsenal was both the largest Federal arsenal and the one closest for shipping its war materials to the various fighting fronts in Virginia. Here thousands of caissons and limbers, wagons and ambulances, cannon . . . — Map (db m29739) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Fort Totten — Fort Totten — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865 —
Earthworks of Fort Totten are visible within the wooded area 50 yards at the top of this hill. Cannon mounted at Fort Totten helped repulse a Confederate attack on Fort Stevens, July 11-12, 1864. — Map (db m2993) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Fort Totten — Fort Totten
One of the Civil War defenses of Washington construction of Fort Totten was begun in August 1861, named after Gen. Joseph G. Totten the fort contained 20 guns and mortars including eight 32-pounders. — Map (db m2999) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Fort Totten — Fort Totten — Rock Creek Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Built in 1861 and named after Brigadier General Joseph Gilbert Totten, Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Totten commanded the northeastern countryside of Washington, DC during the Civil War. Heavily armed with massive cannon that could hurl . . . — Map (db m92906) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — A Drugstore Like No Other
A simple corner drug store was a gathering place for famous Georgetowners in the 1970s. "Doc" Dalinsky's drug store at 1344 Wisonsin Avenue was a popular hangout for many notable Georgetowners, especially when Doc hosted brunch on Sunday — the . . . — Map (db m113651) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — A Georgetown "Cathedral"
Almost a miniature Gothic cathedral, Christ Church behind you was built in 1885. It is the third building to occupy the spot since a group of Georgetown Episcopalians founded the parish in 1817. Among the founders were Francis Scott Key, author of . . . — Map (db m113421) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Dumbarton United Methodist Church — One of America's Oldest Methodist Societies
First organized in a cooper's shop in 1772. Bishop Asbury preached here. This church was built in 1849 and renovated tin 1898. It served as a Civil War Hospital in 1862. President Lincoln attended this church on March 8, 1863 to hear Bishop Simpson . . . — Map (db m113904) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Healing in War and Peace
Georgetown University Hospital, set atop a row of hills along Reservoir Road, promotes good health through patient care, research and education. Founded in 1898 and shaped by Georgetown's Catholic Jesuit heritage, the hospital consistently has . . . — Map (db m113906) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Lillie Mackall
In memory of Ann Lillie Mackall, friend of Rose O'Neal Greenhow and brave-hearted Confederate courier, who Died December 12, 1861, Aged 22 years — Map (db m68745) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — St. John's: 200 Years of History
Step across the cobblestone street and trolley tracks of a bygone era and look up at the faηade of St. John's Church, Georgetown Parish, designed in the Federal style by William Thornton, architect of the Capitol. This Episcopal parish, established . . . — Map (db m112133) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Stately Houses and Gardens
Hidden behind the grand houses of N Street — and many others large and small — are tranquil walled gardens with brick terraces, old shade trees, lily ponds, swimming pools, and a tennis court or two. Behind you stands the Edes Home, . . . — Map (db m113641) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — The Colonial — Erected 1820 · Restored 1953
Long a Georgetown landmark, this building was occupied from 1826 by Miss Lydia English's Georgetown Female Seminary, whose patrons and frequent visitors included Martin Van Buren, James Buchanan, Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, Andrew Johnson, General . . . — Map (db m97727) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling (JBAB) — Giesboro Park
The Gisborough Estate (1680-1890) was a large colonial land grant that included part of what is now Bolling Air Force Base. That name eventually came to be spelled "Giesboro" and from 1863 to 1866 this area was the location of a large cavalry depot . . . — Map (db m125873) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — "Surratt Boarding House"
. . . — Map (db m7046) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — Albert Pike Monument
[pedestal, north face:] Albert Pike Vixit Laborum Ejus Supersites Sunt Fructus Author - Poet [pedestal, west face:] Scholar - Soldier [pedestal, south face:] Erected 1901 by the Supreme Council of . . . — Map (db m29652) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — Discover DC / Judiciary Square
Welcome to downtown Washington DC - an area rich in history, culture and places to see. You will enjoy visiting the following sites located in the vicinity of this sign. Clockwise from top: "Lone Sailor" at the US Navy . . . — Map (db m110214) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — Major General George G. Meade Memorial
MEADE The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to Major General George Gordon Meade who commanded the Union forces at Gettysburg — Map (db m29653) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.4 — Sitting in Judgment — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
This imposing, Greek Revival style structure was designed by George Hadfield as Washington's first City Hall/Courthouse. Throughout its history, the building has housed the local and federal courts for DC, presided over by judges appointed by . . . — Map (db m58366) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.3 — The National Building Museum — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
“It’s too bad the damn thing is fire proof.” General William Tecumseh Sherman, 1887 The nation’s only museum dedicated to American achievements in architecture, urban planning, construction, . . . — Map (db m48661) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Kalorama Triangle — McClellan Memorial
. . . — Map (db m30048) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Kent — Battery Kemble Park — Defense of Washington
Built in the autumn of 1861 and enlarged in 1862, the battery was named for Gouveneur Kemble of Cold Spring, NY, a former superintendent of the West Point Foundry. The battery, which consisted of two 100-pound Parrott guns, was designed to sweep the . . . — Map (db m142203) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Langdon — St. Francis de Sales Church — Catholic Church with Oldest Continuing Congregation in District of Columbia
Congregation began about 1722, when Catholics first attended mass at chapel within Queen family mansion, on site approximately at present Evarts Street, N.E., near 20th Street. Building came to be called Queen’s Chapel. Destroyed by fire three . . . — Map (db m143950) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), LeDroit Park — 3 — A Voice from the South — Worthy Ambition — LeDroit Park/Bloomington Heritage Trail —
This Circle Honors Anna Julia Haywood Cooper the educator and civil and women's rights advocate who lived in the gracious house at 201 T Street from 1916 until her death in 1964 at age 105. Born into slavery, Cooper graduated from Oberlin . . . — Map (db m130832) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), LeDroit Park — Christian Fleetwood and Sara Fleetwood Residence Site — 319 U Street, NW — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC —
Christian Fleetwood (1840-1914) was one of 21 African Americans to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for bravery during the 1864 Battle of Chaffin's Farm near Richmond. After the Civil War he worked for the federal government and organized . . . — Map (db m77543) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), LeDroit Park — Freedmen's Hospital — African American Heritage Trail, Washington DC — 520 W Street, NW —
Freedmen's Hospital was established by the federal government in 1862 to address the needs of thousands of African Americans who poured into the city seeking freedom during the Civil War. The hospital's first administrator was Major Alexander T. . . . — Map (db m84805) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), LeDroit Park — 15 — The Prettiest Place — Worthy Ambition — LeDroit Park/Bloomingdale Heritage Trail —
Before there was a LeDroit Park, map engraver David McClelland owned a mansion on the property across Rhode Island Avenue. When the Civil War broke out in April 1861, McClelland possessed a detailed map of Washington that suddenly had great . . . — Map (db m130844) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — 5 — “Contraband” to Community — A Fitting Tribute — Logan Circle Heritage Trail —
The Entire Block to Your Left was once a Civil War-era camp and hospital for formerly enslaved African Americans After the Civil War broke out in 1861, thousands walked away from bondage. When some sought shelter at Fortress Monroe, . . . — Map (db m130849) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — 6 Logan
Built for Capt. Allen V. Reed, USN Circa 1878 Renovated 1986 by Allan Bortel & Associates — Map (db m80163) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — A Neighborhood Reborn — Logan Circle, National Mall & Memorial Parks — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The Logan Circle Historic District has a rich history of change. A fashionable, exclusive neighborhood had evolved by the 1870s – home to members of Congress, such as Senator John Logan of Illinois. By the turn of the 20th century, Iowa . . . — Map (db m63401) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — 7 — If These Mansions Could Talk — A Fitting Tribute — Logan Circle Heritage Trail —
Over the years most of Logan Circle's Mansions experienced numerous uses and have returned to private occupancy. For example 15 Logan Circle was completed in 1877 for Lt. Cmdr. Seth Ledyard Phelps, a Civil War Veteran appointed by President . . . — Map (db m130852) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — John Logan House — A Memorial to General and Senator John A. Logan — Champion in the Struggle to Preserve the Union and Establish Racial Justice in America —
The house at #4 Logan Circle, built in 1878, was the 1880's home of Senator John A. Logan. In the Civil War, Logan's military valor helped to save the Union. In the postwar era, Logan lived here as a political leader deeply committed to achieving . . . — Map (db m113672) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — John Logan Memorial — National Mall & Memorial Parks — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
“We should guard their graves with sacred vigilance. All that the consecrated wealth and taste of the Nation can add to their adornment and security is but a fitting tribute to the memory of her slain defenders.” John A. Logan . . . — Map (db m53016) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — 6 — Logan Circle, Just Ahead — A Fitting Tribute — Logan Circle Heritage Trail —
Some of the City's finest Victorian Houses ring Logan Circle. While the area appears on the L'Enfant Plan of 1791, it took Alexander “Boss” Shephard's improvements to make these grand houses of the 1870s and '80s possible. Three . . . — Map (db m130851) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — Major General George H. Thomas
(Right):Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas San Francisco, Cal. March 28, 1870 (Left):Erected by his Comrades of the Society of The Army of the Cumberland — Map (db m29457) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — Major General John A. Logan
Logan — Map (db m18104) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — No Braver Man Than John Logan
In November 1860, Abraham Lincoln's election as the nation's first Republican President ignited Southern fears that the country's new balance of political power threatened the institution of slavery in America. Within months, eleven Southern states . . . — Map (db m113654) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — When Logan Rode The Battle Line
In the Civil War, General John Logan's gallantry earned him mythical stature among the soldiers he led in battle. The memoir of a fellow Union officer depicts Logan's unique inspirational impact: "When General Grant would ride down our . . . — Map (db m113652) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Mahaning Heights — 15 — "We're Not Forgotten" — A Self-Reliant People — Greater Deanwood Heritage Trail —
Formerly known as the Bladensburg Piscataway Road, Minnesota Avenue has long served as an eastern gateway into Washington. Since the original wooden Benning Road Bridge across the Anacostia River was erected nearby in 1800, countless people have . . . — Map (db m136184) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Mahaning Heights — Fort Mahan — Civil War Defenses of Washington
Fort Mahan Civil War Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 Earthworks of Fort Mahan are visible; follow path at the top of the hill. [Illustration:] Fort Mahan from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers drawing. - Fort . . . — Map (db m46083) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Manor Park — Company K, 150th Ohio National Guard Infantry
Memorial to Co. K. 150th O.N.G.I. Which took part In the defense of Fort Stevens, D. C. July 12, 1864 — Map (db m76118) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Manor Park — Fort Slocum — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865 —
No visible evidence remains of Fort Slocum, which stood here and across Kansas Avenue to your left. Cannon mounted at Fort Totten helped repulse a Confederate attack on Fort Stevens, July 11-12, 1864. — Map (db m110283) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Manor Park — Roll Call — Rock Creek Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
As the gallant soldiers that are interred at the cemetery marched onto the battlefield on July 11-12, 1864 during the Battle of Fort Stevens, their regimental flags accompanied then into the fight. Battleground National Cemetery honors these . . . — Map (db m64225) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Manor Park — The 122nd New York Volunteer Infantry
To the gallant sons of Onondaga County, N.Y. who fought on this field July 12, 1864 in defence of Washington and in the presence of Abraham Lincoln 122 N.Y.V — Map (db m76093) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Manor Park — The 25th New York Cavalry
. . . — Map (db m76117) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Mount Pleasant — 4 — A Village Comes to Life: Mount Pleasant after the Civil War
As dust from the Civil War settled, the nation's capital entered a new phase of growth. The expanding government needed more workers, who in turn needed more housing. An entrepreneur named Samuel Brown bought a large tract of land outside . . . — Map (db m130884) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Mount Pleasant — 3 — Casualties Arriving at Mount Pleasant General Hospital, May 1864
In May 1864, a year before the Civil War ended, Union and Rebel troops clashed in a series of bloody battles in Virginia. Steamships loaded with the wounded traveled up the Potomac River to Washington where stretchers piled ashore for days and . . . — Map (db m111885) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Mount Pleasant — 2 — Harvest at Pleasant Plains — ca. 1750
By the late 17th century, English colonial settlements and tobacco plantations had reached what is now Washington, DC. By the 1750s the ports of Alexandria and Georgetown were built, and soon afterward a series of mills expanded along Rock Creek to . . . — Map (db m112586) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Mount Pleasant — 13 — War and Peace — Village in the City — Mount Pleasant Heritage Trail —
The mansion of Samuel P. Brown, Mount Pleasant's founder once stood in the middle of the block to your left. During the Civil War, Brown bought 73 acres here for a song from William Selden, a former U.S. treasurer. Selden believed the . . . — Map (db m130877) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Functioning as a Union Stronghold — Defense — Behind These Walls —
At the start of the Civil War, the Commandant of the Navy Yard mobilized all of the available forces—about 350 Marines, sailors, and volunteers—and hastily established key locations to protect the nation's capital. Additional Union . . . — Map (db m126453) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Functioning as the Nation's First Proving Ground — Firepower — Behind These Walls —
During the Civil War, the Navy established its first "Experimental Battery" here, testing cannons by firing down the Anacostia River. Ballistic test pits also were created here to determine how best to defeat Confederate ironclads. The Navy's . . . — Map (db m126459) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Serving as an Arsenal and Gun Factory — Industry — Behind These Walls —
The first large gun foundry was erected during the Civil War at the Navy Yard. In 1886, the Navy Yard was designated the manufacturing center for all Navy ordnance. By World War II, the Yard was the largest naval ordnance in the world. In December . . . — Map (db m126454) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — The Leg of Colonel Ulric Dahlgren
The plaque below marks the spot where the leg of U.S. Army Colonel Ulric Dahlgren, son of Admiral John Dahlgren, "father of American naval ordnance," was interred following his wounding after the battle of Gettysburg in 1863. The leg was enclosed . . . — Map (db m32629) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Old Soldiers Home — Memorial Day Order
General Orders No. 11 Headquarters, Grand Army of the Republic Washington, D.C., May 5, 1868 I. The 30th day of May, 1868 is designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense . . . — Map (db m53026) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Old Soldiers Home — President Lincoln’s Cottage at the Soldiers’ Home — A National Trust Historic Site —
President Lincoln and his family lived in this country home for over a quarter of his presidency. Escorted by his cavalry guard, Lincoln rode to the White House every morning either on horseback or by carriage, and returned here each evening to . . . — Map (db m52838) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Old Soldiers Home — U. S. Soldiers' Home
U.S. Soldiers' Home has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America 1974 National Park Service United States Department of the . . . — Map (db m52839) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Old Soldiers Home — Winfield Scott
. . . — Map (db m52806) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln died in this house April 15, 1865 at 7:22 a.m. Purchased by the United States in 1896. — Map (db m28502) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — .5 — Abraham Lincoln Walked Here — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"Tonight, beautiful women, perfumes, and the violins’ sweetness... At 10:30 p.m. on March 4, 1865, a tired and gaunt President Lincoln arrived at this site, his wife Mary in white lace and silk with purple and white flowers in her . . . — Map (db m28665) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — .2 — Ceremony at the Crossroads — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
“Imagine a great avenue [with] solid ranks of soldiers, just marching steady all day long, for two days. ...” Walt Whitman. It took two days for the grand parade of 200,000 victorious Union . . . — Map (db m14875) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Clara Barton 1821 - 1912 — The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway —
Clara Barton lived a lifetime of tireless service to others. During the American Civil War, she became known as the “Angel of the Battlefield,” delivering supplies and caring for the sick and wounded. After the war, Barton organized a . . . — Map (db m92177) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — .3 — Clara Barton, Angel of the Battlefield at Home — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
“I have paid the rent of a room in Washington... retaining it merely as a shelter to which I might return, when my strength should fail me under exposure and labor at the field.” Clara Barton, December . . . — Map (db m36174) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — e.2 — Ending Slavery in Washington — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
To your right at the end of Indiana Avenue is Washington's first City Hall/Courthouse. Across Sixth Street is the H. Carl Moultrie I Courthouse, a successor to the original courthouse. The Old City Hall/Courthouse opened in 1822, with offices . . . — Map (db m56124) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — General Winfield Scott Hancock
(Left):General Winfield Scott Hancock (Right):Born February 14, 1824. Died February 9, 1886. — Map (db m17573) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Grand Army of the Republic
Grand Army of the Republic Organized at Decatur Illinois, April 6, 1866. By Benjamin Franklin Stephenson M.D. — Map (db m87897) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — .6 — John Wilkes Booth's Escape — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
“My brother saw Booth as he came down the alley and turned into F Street.” Henry Davis, 1901. Twelve-year-old Henry Davis and his brother often looked out the back window of their Ninth Street . . . — Map (db m28492) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Julia Ward Howe
In honor of Julia Ward Howe who wrote the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" here at the Old Willard Hotel November 21, 1861 "In the beauty of the lillies Christ was born across the sea with a glory in his bosom that transfigures you and me." . . . — Map (db m6709) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — 5850-2019 — Julia Ward Howe — 1819 - 1910
Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910) was a poet, author, composer, abolitionist, suffragist and more—but she is most remembered for writing the lyrics to The Battle Hymn of the Republic. According to the story, she and her husband were asleep at the . . . — Map (db m141266) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Missing Soldiers
Missing Soldiers. Office, 3rd Floor, Room 9 Miss Clara Barton Clara Barton is famous for her fierce determination and courage to save lives on the Civil War battlefields, and later for founding the American Red Cross. 1861-1865: . . . — Map (db m36172) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — .8 — Pennsylvania Avenue — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
“Main Street” for the city and the nation. Just a few steps ahead is Pennsylvania Avenue the inaugural parade route for every president since Thomas Jefferson and “Main Street” for local Washington since the . . . — Map (db m29651) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — W.1 — The Church of the Epiphany — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
“Carpets, cushions, and hymnbooks were packed away... ambulances began to stop... lastly come the surgeons....” Margaret Leech, Reveille in Washington. Church spires dominated the skyline of . . . — Map (db m131862) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — The Peace Convention
The old Willard Hotel was the scene of the last major effort to restore the Union and prevent the Civil War. At Virginia's invitation, delegates from twenty-one of the then thirty-four states met in secret session from February 4 to 27, 1861, in a . . . — Map (db m6541) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — W.6 — Willard Inter-Continental Hotel — Civil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"This hotel, in fact, may be much more justly called the center of Washington and the Union than either the Capitol, the White House, or the State Department...." Nathaniel Hawthorne, Civil War reporter for the Atlantic . . . — Map (db m10905) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Petworth — Grant Circle was named in honor of Ulysses S. Grant — (1822-1885)
General-in-Chief of the United States Armies, Secretary of War, and 18th President of the United States. Grant's military successes were instrumental in the surrender of the Confederate States of America at Appomattox Court House on April 9, . . . — Map (db m80570) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Petworth — 19 — Mr. Lincoln’s Ride — Lift Every Voice Georgia Avenue — Georgia Ave./Pleasant Plains Heritage Trail —
It’s the summer of 1862. Early morning, but already hot and dusty. You’re standing at this spot, when you see a tall man on horseback. It’s President Abraham Lincoln. You’re pleased to see him, but not surprised. After all, he rides by here . . . — Map (db m130757) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Pleasant Hill — The Civil War Defenses of Washington — Rifle Trench & Two Gun Battery
The ridge that extends along the edge of the parking lot to the right where you are standing is the remains of a rifle trench built during the Civil War. This ridge, part of the Defenses of Washington, connected Ft. Totten to the north and Ft. . . . — Map (db m115355) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Pleasant Plains — 9 — Teachers and Preachers — Lift Every Voice — Georgia Avenue./Pleasant Plains Heritage Trail —
As the Civil War was ended in 1865, most formerly enslaved African Americans arriving in the District could not read or write. The following year members of the First Congregational Society considered organizing a school to train teachers and . . . — Map (db m130765) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Riggs Park — Civil War Defenses of Washington — Fort Totten — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In 1860, the Union capital, Washington, D.C., was a sleepy city of approximately 62,000 residents. The city sat almost completely unprotected, with Fort Washington, the lone fortification, being 12 miles south. Virginia, a Confederate state, lay on . . . — Map (db m115357) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Rock Creek Park — Fort De Russy — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865 —
Earthworks of Fort De Russy are visible; follow path to your right for 200 years. [drawing of fort] Fort De Russy from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers drawing. Cannon mounted at Fort De Russy helped repulse a Confederate attack on Fort . . . — Map (db m20822) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Rock Creek Park — Fort DeRussy
One of the Civil War Defenses of Washington. Constructed on the site in 1861 Fort DeRussy commanded the deep valley of Rock Creek. Its armament consisted of 11 guns and mortars including a 100-pounder Parrott Rifle. — Map (db m20823) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Rock Creek Park — Fort DeRussy — Rock Creek Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Built in 1861 to protect the Rock Creek Valley during the Civil War, Fort DeRussy's cannon fired a total of 109 projectiles into the northern countryside as 12,000-15,000 Confederate soldiers attacked the city under the command of Confederate . . . — Map (db m116084) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Shaw — 10 — Community Anchors — Midcity at the Crossroads — Shaw Heritage Trail —
Across the intersection stands the tower of O Street Market. When the market opened in 1881, and refrigerators had not been invented, people shopped here daily for everything from live chickens to fresh tomatoes. At first the vendors were German . . . — Map (db m130893) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Sheridan-Kalorama — 10 — Little Friar — Sheridan Kalorama — Call Box Restoration Project —
Paz, paix, shalom, esaalam, are words from several foreign languages spoken in Sheridan-Kalorama, each meaning peace. This representation of a benevolent friar welcomes you in peace. We share, too, works of "America's poet" Walt Whitman, who spent . . . — Map (db m112601) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Sheridan-Kalorama — Philip H. Sheridan — General of the Army of the United States
SHERIDAN — Map (db m22046) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Federal Center — The Slave Trade in Washington, DC
"...in view from the windows of the Capitol, a sort of negro-livery stable, where droves of negroes were collected, temporarily kept, and finally taken to Southern markets …had been openly maintained for fifty years." Abraham Lincoln (1846) . . . — Map (db m129921) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — Civil War at the Southwest Waterfront
Private river commerce along the waterfront was disrupted during the Civil War when Washington became the headquarters and supply center of the Union Army. Wharves were appropriated for military purposes, and Water Street was opened and paved for . . . — Map (db m109367) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — Historic Water Street
During the Civil War, Water Street was paved for military traffic leading from the gun and powder factory at the Arsenal on Greenleaf Point north along the waterfront to Long Bridge. — Map (db m112448) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — Long Bridge
Originally constructed in 1809 as a mile-long wooden toll bridge connecting the District with Virginia, Long Bridge has seen many transformations and additions. In 1861, five days after the fall of Fort Sumpter, Robert E. Lee rode south on Long . . . — Map (db m109421) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — 13 — Military Education at Fort McNair — River Farms to Urban Towers — Southwest Heritage Trail —
Fort Leslie J. McNair, to your right, honors the commander, Army Ground Forces during World War II who died in battle. It is the U.S. Army’s third oldest installation (after West Point and Carlisle Barracks). The fort dates back to 1791. . . . — Map (db m130912) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — 12 — The Law House In Peace and War — River Farms to Urban Towers — Southwest Heritage Trail —
To your left across Water Street is the Thomas Law House, now a community center for the Tiber Island cooperative. The Federal style house was designed by William Lovering in 1794 for businessman Thomas Law and his bride Eliza Parke Custis, . . . — Map (db m130911) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — The River Queen
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant used this side-wheel steamer as his private dispatch boat, and it hosted the Hampton Roads Conference, President Lincoln's unsuccessful attempt to negotiate an end to the Civil War. — Map (db m112443) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), St. Elizabeths — History of St. Elizabeths Hospital — St. Elizabeths — Preserving the Legacy. Realizing Potential. —
Evolution of St. Elizabeths Campus At the urging of mental health care reformer Dorothea Dix, the United States Congress provided $100,000 to establish the first Federal mental health hospital to care for members of the Army and Navy as . . . — Map (db m131526) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), St. Elizabeths — St. Elizabeths Hospital
St. Elizabeths Hospital has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. — Map (db m58305) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), St. Elizabeths — St. Elizabeths Hospital Civil War Cemetery
Founded during the Civil War for wounded soldiers that died on the St. Elizabeths Campus during and after the Civil War. This small cemetery houses the remains of some 300 Civil War dead, both Confederate and Union, Black and White. When the foliage . . . — Map (db m131712) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Takoma — 98th Pennsylvania Infantry
In Memory of Our Comrades Killed and Wounded in Battle on This Field July 11th & 12th 1864 98th Reg't. P.V. 1st Brig., 2nd Div., 6th Corps — Map (db m76116) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Takoma — Battleground National Cemetery — Rock Creek Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
During the late evening of July 12, 1864, 40 Union soldiers that perished while defending Washington DC from a two day Confederate attack (known as the Battle of Fort Stevens) were laid to rest here in what was once an apple orchard. President . . . — Map (db m63644) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Takoma — 13 — Battleground National Cemetery — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
After the rebels were turned back as the Battle of Fort Stevens ended in 1864, scores of Union Soldiers lay cold and silent. Forty-one of them are buried here in this tiny plot dedicated to their sacrifice. President Abraham Lincoln, who . . . — Map (db m72825) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Tenleytown — Fort Reno — Tenleytown, D.C. — Country Village to City Neighborhood —
At an elevation of 410 feet, Fort Reno is located at the highest point in DC. The fort, originally named Fort Pennsylvania, was well situated to provide defense of the Nation's Capital during the Civil War as one of the Circle of Forts (pictured . . . — Map (db m20628) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Tenleytown — Fort Reno — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865 —
No visible evidence remains of Fort Reno, which stood at the top of this hill, the highest elevation in Washington, D.C. [drawing of Fort Reno] Fort Reno from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers drawing. Cannon mounted at Fort Reno helped repulse a . . . — Map (db m20629) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Tenleytown — 5 — Fort Reno — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
To your right is "Point Reno," the highest point in Washington -- 409 feet above sea level, to be exact. This unsurpassed vantage brought the Civil War (1861-1865) to Tenleytown. After the Union defeat at Bull Run in July 1861, northern . . . — Map (db m130923) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Tenleytown — Fort Reno — Rock Creek Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
At 409 feet above sea level, this site is the highest point in Washington, D.C. It is no coincidence that in 1861, the Union army designed one the largest and most heavily armed Civil War fortifications at this location. Originally named . . . — Map (db m133962) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Tenleytown — Fort Reno
At 409 feet above sea level, this site is the highest point in Washington, D.C. It is no coincidence that in 1861, the Union army designed one the largest and most heavily armed Civil War fortifications at this location. Originally named . . . — Map (db m136006) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Tenleytown — 6 — Reno City — Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail —
Before the Civil War (1861-65), the land behind you was part of the 72-acre farm of Giles Dyer. As a Southerner, Dyer depended on enslaved people to work his fields. Because of its elevation, Dyers land was taken by the Union Army in 1861 . . . — Map (db m130924) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Tenleytown — Reservoir / Reno City — Tenleytown, DC — Country Village to City Neighborhood —
Fort Reno is located at the highest elevation in D.C. A city water reservoir was constructed in the 1890s to serve the city's growing population. The red brick water tower (pictured here) was built in 1903 to provide water pressure to the immediate . . . — Map (db m112184) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Tenleytown — The Civil War Defenses of Washington — Fort Reno
The site of this fort was selected in August, 1861. First called Fort Pennsylvania, the fort was located at an elevation of 430 feet, commanding three important roads which entered the city from the northwest in the vicinity of what is now Wisconsin . . . — Map (db m20630) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Lincoln Memorial
[Dedication by Royal Cortissoz, above the statue by sculptor Daniel Chester French:] "In this temple as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the Union the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever." [Inscription . . . — Map (db m28607) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Live Oaks: A Gathering Place
Welcome to the Reading Grove This space provides a place to meet, rest, read, and reflect. Live oaks have long harbored gatherings, from religious services and classes to community celebrations. Witness Trees Trees that were . . . — Map (db m143315) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — T.S.C. Lowe's Observation Flight — AIAA Historic Aerospace Site
On June 18, 1861, T.S.C. Lowe made a tethered observation flight with his gas-filled balloon Enterprise from a spot on the National Mall in front of where the National Air and Space Museum now stands. During this flight, he sent the first telegram . . . — Map (db m140624) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — African American Civil War Memorial — "Spirit of Freedom" — Civil War to Civil Rights and Beyond —
This memorial is dedicated to those who served in the African American units of the Union Army in the Civil War. The 209,145 names inscribed on these walls commemorate those fighters of freedom. [Names of the officers and enlisted men who . . . — Map (db m41748) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — African American Civil War Memorial — African American Civil War Museum Freedom Foundation
The African American Civil War Memorial pays tribute to the 209,145 black soldiers and the 7,800 white officers who led them in their fight for freedom in the Civil War. following the Civil War, many soldiers would return home as war heroes to start . . . — Map (db m113686) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Artillery / With Freedom Came Their Cultural Icons
(front) Artillery There were thirteen artillery regiments and one independent battery in the Bureau of the United States Colored Troops Unknown Soldier Image courtesy of the Library of . . . — Map (db m113680) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Cavalry / With Freedom Came Their Schools
(front) Cavalry There were seven cavalry regiments in the Bureau of the United States Colored Troops. Unknown Soldier Image courtesy of the Library of Congress (back) With Freedom Came Their . . . — Map (db m113681) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 4 — Civil War Camp to Victorian Neighborhood — City within a City — Greater U Street Heritage Trail —
The Shaw neighborhood and the Greater U Street Historic District are rich in African American and Civil War history. They are the ideal place for the African American Civil War Memorial now located on this Metro plaza. The neighborhood was named . . . — Map (db m130790) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Infantry / With Freedom Came Their Churches
(front) Infantry There were one hundred and forty-two infantry regiments in the Bureau of the United States Colored Troops Private James Smith Image donated by his descendants, family of Robert . . . — Map (db m113685) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Musicians / With Freedom Came Their Businesses
(front) Musicians Field musicians served as signalmen in the infantry, cavalry and artillery. Drummer Jackson Image courtesy of the National Archives (back) With Freedom Came Their . . . — Map (db m113679) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Pioneers / With Freedom Came Their Community
(front) Pioneers Pioneers, also known as engineers, cut roads for ambulances, and built bridges, railroads and other construction projects. Unknown Soldier Image courtesy of the Library of . . . — Map (db m113678) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Sailors / With Freedom Came the Greater YOU
(front) Sailors African descent sailors served in an integrated navy as boys, landsmen, stewards, cooks, seamen, firemen, pilots, navigators, and engineer officers. Unknown Sailor African American Civil War . . . — Map (db m113677) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), West End — During the years following the Civil War — Dupont Circle — Diverse Visions | One Neighborhood —
Fire Fact, June 25, 1925 The era of horse-drawn fire apparatus ends with a ceremonial "final run" with Barney, Gene and Tom pulling a 1905 Steam Pumper belonging to Engine Company 19. Fire Department information and images courtesy of . . . — Map (db m112631) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), West Potomac Park — John Ericsson Memorial — National Mall & Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C. — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
“I love this country. I love its people and its laws, and I would give my life for it just as soon as not.” John Ericsson. Swedish-born John Ericsson revolutionized maritime navigation through the first practical use of a . . . — Map (db m17980) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Woodland — Battery Ricketts — Civil War Defenses of Washington — 1861-1865 —
Earthworks of Battery Ricketts are visible inside the wooded area in front of you. Battery Ricketts, built to defend an area in front of Fort Stanton, was named for Maj. Gen. James B. Ricketts. — Map (db m10622) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Woodley Park — Redwood
The Woodley Park neighborhood that is now home to several thousand residents as well as the National Zoo was once sparsely settled countryside. The farmhouse shown here, known as Redwood, was built around 1819 on a hill that rose 40 feet above . . . — Map (db m67828) HM

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Apr. 2, 2020