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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Industry & Commerce Historical Markers

 
Early Years of Statehood Marker (<i>wide view; this marker on right; related marker on left</i>) image, Touch for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, June 27, 2018
Early Years of Statehood Marker (wide view; this marker on right; related marker on left)
Colorado (Adams County), Commerce City — Early Years of Statehood
Early Years of Statehood In the early years of statehood, silver strikes at Leadville and Aspen brought settlers and money into Colorado. Rail lines, smelters, and refineries were built, and large coalfields were opened up. The High . . . — Map (db m119387) HM
Colorado (Adams County), Westminster — 12 — Ma Barker's GangWestminster — [Lloyd William Barker] —
Ma Barker's infamous son, Lloyd "Red" Barker traded in a life of crime for a life in Westminster in the 1940s. Lloyd grew up as part of the Barker Gang, described by FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover as "the toughest gang of hoodlums the FBI has ever . . . — Map (db m69547) HM
Colorado (Alamosa County), Mosca — Pike and Southwest CommerceAn Inauspicious Beginning
29th January. Thursday. Finding the distance too great to attempt crossing immediately to the river, in a direct line, we marched obliquely to a copse of woods, which made down a considerable distance from the mountains. Distance 17 miles. Saw . . . — Map (db m145393) HM
Colorado (Archuleta County), Pagosa Springs — Pagosa Springs
Pagosa Springs has a rich history, beginning with the Anasazi Indians. Later the Utes, Navajos and Apaches inhabited this beautiful corner of the Southwest. They also visited the great “Pagosah” hot springs which they believed had . . . — Map (db m27527) HM
Colorado (Boulder County), Boulder — L-02-1 — The Holiday Drive-In Marquee 1953
This sign marks the site of The Holiday Drive-In, which operated from 1953 until 1988. Drive-In theaters were popular in the 1950s and 1960s, especially among young families and amorous couples, where films could be viewed from the relative . . . — Map (db m18299) HM
Colorado (Boulder County), Boulder — L-90-1 — White-Davis Mercantile Building1874
This building was the site of a continuously operated dry goods store from 1874 until the closing of Brooks-Fauber in 1986. It is one of the oldest commercial structures in the downtown historic district. — Map (db m87716) HM
Colorado (Boulder County), Lafayette — 31 — George Bermont House203 East Cleveland Street
George Bermont came to Lafayette in 1890
and owned the store at 309 East Simpson. — Map (db m120679) HM
Colorado (Boulder County), Lafayette — 6 — Kettle Dry Goods Store208 East Simpson Street — Historic Lafayette Walking Tour —
Began business in 1909 as a cafe. Operated as a beauty shop from 1934 to 1992. — Map (db m120555) HM
Colorado (Boulder County), Lafayette — Mary Miller Historical Mural
This mural is a composite of two historical photographs. One is the 1862 image of our town's founder, Mary Miller with her husband, Lafayette, (D. 1878), for whom she named the town. Mary platted 150 acres and sank the first coal mine shaft in 1887. . . . — Map (db m87606) HM
Colorado (Boulder County), Lafayette — 32 — Peltier House107 South Public Road — Historic Lafayette Walking Tour —
Peter Peltier built this house in 1900 and opened the Elkhorn Saloon at the north end of this same block — Map (db m120692) HM
Colorado (Broomfield County), Broomfield — Columbine Mine / Coal Field Country
Front Colorado's Northern Coal Field: Lest We Forget Colorado's immense northern coal field, centered beneath these rolling hills, contributed to the early development and growth of Colorado and to the birth of nearby towns. . . . — Map (db m119521) HM
Colorado (Chaffee County), Buena Vista — Getting from There to Here
Native peoples traveled through the Upper Arkansas Valley for centuries before European and American explorers. Ute, Comanche and other tribes traveled on foot until the arrival of the Spanish and the introduction of the horse in the 1600’s. . . . — Map (db m107827) HM
Colorado (Chaffee County), Buena Vista — Stagecoach Road to Riches
With the discovery of gold in California Gulch in 1860, getting to Oro City (now Leadville) meant an opportunity for fame and fortune. It would, however, be twenty years before railroad service traversed the Upper Arkansas . . . — Map (db m107833) HM
Colorado (Chaffee County), Buena Vista — The Placers In Between
In the late 1800’s, transportation of goods and people could be an arduous undertaking. Gold and silver fever led many to endure travel up the Arkansas River from Canon City to Leadville. Although arguably the largest and most notorious, . . . — Map (db m107835) HM
Colorado (Chaffee County), Salida — The Salida Steam Plant
Electricity was introduced in Salida in 1887 when a group of local townsfolk created The Electric Illuminating Company. In 1892 the then-named Salida Light and Power Company built a 1000-kilowatt steam generating plant at this location on the banks . . . — Map (db m52403) HM
Colorado (Cheyenne County), Kit Carson — Old Cattle Trail
The Texas-Montana, Bacon and Potter, and J.S. Chisum trails converged in this vicinity. Over these routes great herds of Texas Longhorns, scions of hardy stock from Spain, moved northward. Big Springs, 2.4 miles west, was an important cattle . . . — Map (db m87888) HM
Colorado (Clear Creek County), Georgetown — Hamill House Museum
Georgetown-Silver Plume National Historic Landmark District Hamill House 1867/1879 The Hamill House represents the height of prosperity achieved during Georgetown's mining era. The centerpiece of Historic Georgetown's properties, this . . . — Map (db m69625) HM
Colorado (Clear Creek County), Idaho Springs — Arrastra
Arrastras like this one were used by the earliest hard-rock miners in this area to grind gold ore. People skilled in stone cutting made them for the miners from local rock. This arrastra was chiseled by hand from blocks of hard granite. Several . . . — Map (db m144184) HM
Colorado (Clear Creek County), Idaho Springs — Idaho Springs Opera House1535 Miner Street
Mrs. Coddington owned a two-story brick double on the corner lot. It was occupied by W.K. Townsend (grocer) and Paul Lanius (hardware). Townsend imported glassware and crockery and was said to have the best selection of cigars in town. "Lets all . . . — Map (db m76856) HM
Colorado (Clear Creek County), Idaho Springs — Mining Exchange Building1517 - 1523 Miner Street
J.J. Elliott had his assay office in the building which was built in 1879. Often during the boom days of the 1880's dozens of ore wagons were parked on Miner Street in front of the "Exchange". Elliott promoted himself in the city directories of the . . . — Map (db m76854) HM
Colorado (Clear Creek County), Idaho Springs — The Charlie Tayler Waterwheel
Charlie Tayler used this waterwheel to power a stamp mill at his gold mining operations on Ute Creek. Tayler, who attributed his good health to the fact that he never kissed woman or took baths, built the waterwheel in 1893. It was moved to its . . . — Map (db m74371) HM
Colorado (Clear Creek County), Idaho Springs — The Mead and Cooper Building1511-1515 Miner Street
Built in 1881, this building housed M. C. Livingstone’s jewelry and sewing machine store during the early ‘80’s. Since Livingstone had some of the first commercial sewing machines in the district, he made a brisk living repairing the canvas awnings . . . — Map (db m144187) HM
Colorado (Crowley County), Crowley — Crowley Communities / National Sugar Company / Last Days of the Buffalo / Crowley Country
Crowley Communities If the dry summers of the late 1920s spelled trouble for Crowley County, the Dust Bowl of the 1930s spelled disaster. Many farmers simply packed up and left, and their acreage reverted to grasslands and became cattle . . . — Map (db m120745) HM
Colorado (Delta County), Delta — Western Slope Agriculture / Delta County
Western Slope Agriculture According to an 1888 U.S. Department of Agriculture report, western Colorado's thin soils, high altitude, and lack of rainfall rendered the region totally unfit for cultivation. The document’s author apparently . . . — Map (db m120123) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 9w — "The Bank that Looks Like a Bank"Wall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
In 1915, this was the Colorado National Banks slogan. Designed by W.E. and A.A. Fischer, the buildings bronze vault and door weighs 73,000 lbs with supports walls three-and-a-half inches thick. Inside the vaults, the doors alone weigh 62,000 . . . — Map (db m135451) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 15th / Wazee Street1865-1875 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
At the very heart of Denver’s rough beginnings, Fifteenth Street actually followed the old military trails from Santa Fe, Fort Union and trading posts north and south of Denver. It was here that General Larimer expropriated the one . . . — Map (db m118601) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 18th St. Atrium / Littleton Creamery Beatrice Cold Storage Warehouse — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
18th St. Atrium 1919 One of the last buildings constructed in "Warehouse Row," which stretched from Cherry Creek to the 1900 blocks of Wynkoop Street, 1621 18th Street originated as the warehouse and offices for Bourk, . . . — Map (db m97346) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Barney Ford Building1863 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
The significance of 1514 Blake St. lies in its connection to the remarkable life of black pioneer Barney Ford. Ford was born a slave on January 22, 1822 in Stafford, Virginia, but escaped to Chicago, where he worked with the underground railroad . . . — Map (db m118597) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Barteldes, Hartig Building1906 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
For more than a century, Denver's warehouse district has centered on Wynkoop. Stimulated by the arrival of the railroads in 1870 and the subsequent need for distribution services, an impressive array of three-to-five story warehouses, flat roofed . . . — Map (db m97395) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Blake Street AreaLower Downtown Historic District — Established 1988 —
Blake Street was named after Charles Blake, who came to Denver in 1858, and established supply depots throughout Lower Downtown. Originally, the area was Denver's warehouse, brothel, and sporting house district. Some of the most infamous . . . — Map (db m97357) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 13e — Boom and BustWall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
The downtown skyline was transformed in the late 1970s and early 1980s as the Denver economy boomed based on the price of oil. As oil prices fell below $10/barrel in 1986, Denver’s economy contracted. In 1986, the Denver economy entered its . . . — Map (db m135486) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — C. S. Morey Mercantile Building1896 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
Constructed in 1896 for $75,000, the Morey Mercantile Building was the first notable warehouse to be built after the 1893 silver crash. Designed by Gove & Walsh, the structure included a spice grinding mill, roasting plant, extract laboratory and . . . — Map (db m97396) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Clark and Gruber Mint1860 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
In the 1860’s, when gold from Colorado’s grubstakes began flowing into Denver at a mad pace, the costly and risky problem of shipping it to banks back East was neatly solved by Clark, Gruber and Co. In a building near this site, the banking firm . . . — Map (db m51712) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Denver CityLower Downtown Historic District — Established 1988 —
The area known today as Lower Downtown, is the Location of the original town of Denver. Gold seekers from Lawrence, Kansas staked the first claim in September of 1858, under the name St. Charles Town Association, but they left only one man to . . . — Map (db m27493) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Denver City Railway Building1883 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
Originally built as the stables for the Denver City Railway Company in 1883, this building was the birthplace of Denver's Public Transportation system. Horse drawn trolleys, soon replaced by one of America's most extensive cable car networks, . . . — Map (db m97394) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 16e — Dow Jones AverageLocal Boy Makes Good — Wall Street of the Rockies • Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
Charles Henry Dow, the first editor of the Wall Street Journal, created the stock market index with Edward D. Jones in 1897. Dow, who had worked as a bookkeeper for a Leadville mining operation, was the first Vice-President of the International . . . — Map (db m135528) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 12w — E is for EquitableWall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
Constructed in 1890-92, the Equitable building is on the National Register of Historic Places. It has long been home to many of Denver’s most prestigious law firms and financial institutions, and is generally regarded as the last great building . . . — Map (db m135472) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Edward W. Wynkoop
This building is named for Edward W. Wynkoop (1836-1891) to honor his peacemaking efforts, though unsuccessful, to resolve the Indian-white conflict which resulted tragically in the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864. Exaggerated reports of . . . — Map (db m97294) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 10w — Four CornersWall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
The four corners of 17th and Champa Streets are occupied by the Boston Building (1890), the Colorado National Bank (1915), the Railway Exchange (Title) Building (1937), and the Ideal Cement (Colorado Federal) Building (1907). All were built of . . . — Map (db m4659) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Henry Lee Building1907 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
The pattern of ownership of 1545 Wazee Street symbolizes the development of Denver's rail age boom as an industrial and supply city requiring large scale warehousing. Its first owner and occupant, Henry Lee, was an agriculturist, pioneer gardener . . . — Map (db m27242) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Larimer StreetLower Downtown Historic District — Established 1988 —
General William H. Larimer, Jr., founder of Denver City which was established on November 22, 1858, named the city after the Governor of the Kansas Territory and the principal street after himself. Some of Denver’s first cabins were located at the . . . — Map (db m51710) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 2w — Let the Buyer BewareWall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
In the 1880s and 1890s Denver was the nation's headquarters for "con" men, a dubious honor that it maintained into the early years of the 20th century. The most famous con man was "Soapy" Smith who sold $5.00 bars of soap from 17th Street, . . . — Map (db m52186) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Local Transit Through the AgesLook How Far We've Come — 1871-Present —
"Visitors to Denver will certainly find a great improvement because they will… step aboard any one of the different lines right at the door of Union Station." The Denver Post, May 26, 1918 (opening day of the Denver Tramway . . . — Map (db m118591) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 1w — Mint Robbery February 1864Wall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
The first man to rob the Denver Mint was “Small Bad Jim” – James Clark. The gold bars were so heavy that he began dropping them only one mile away in what is now Cheesman Park. Six days later, the desperado was captured 25 miles . . . — Map (db m100808) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Oxford Hotel and AnnexLower Downtown Walking Tour — 1891 —
The Oxford Hotel, built in 1891, is Denver's Oldest Hotel. Bankrolled by Brewer Adolph Zang and his partners Philip Feldhauser and William Mygatt, the hotel was designed by Denver's greatest 19th century architect, Frank E. Edbrooke. Through the . . . — Map (db m6674) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 4e — Private Profits and the Public GoodWall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
Unlike San Francisco, which the Spanish founded as a mission, and Salt Lake City, which the Mormons started as a communal religious utopia, Denver originated as a place to make money. From the beginning, the town aspired to be the supply hub: . . . — Map (db m135357) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 40 — Smoky Hill Trail
This tablet is the Property of the State of Colorado —— Here was the end of the famous Smoky Hill Trail Immigrant and stage road extending from the Missouri River to Denver. Traversed by pioneers in 1858. . . . — Map (db m4678) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 10e — Solid InvestmentWall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
Charles Boettcher (1852-1948) was a German immigrant who played several key roles in the state’s economic development. He introduced the sugar beet industry to Colorado and established the Great Western Sugar Company. While building sugar beet . . . — Map (db m135478) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Spratlen-Anderson Building1906 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
On the original site of the Washington Hotel and Studebaker Buggy and Carriage House, this building was constructed in 1906 as a four-story warehouse for the Spratlen-Anderson Mercantile Co. Frank Edbrooke designed the original structure, as well as . . . — Map (db m97415) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Sugar Building1906 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
The sweet smell of success pervaded the Sugar Building from 1906, when it was constructed by the Great Western Sugar Company. During the 1920's, GW became the largest producer of sugar beets in the country. The original building was four stories . . . — Map (db m22304) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 16w — The Black BaronWall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
Mr. Barney Ford (1822-1902) was a former slave who dared to venture forth in the new frontier of Colorado. He eventually settled in Denver becoming a political activist, prominent businessman and sometimes millionaire. — Map (db m135510) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — The Buckhorn ExchangeEstablished 1893 — Denver’s Oldest Restaurant —
In November 1893, Henry H. “Shorty Scout” Zietz opened a saloon in this building, which was built about 1886 by Neef Brothers Brewery. Known as the Rio Grande Exchange, the saloon catered to the railroaders working across Osage Street at . . . — Map (db m51709) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — The Edbrooke Lofts
This site has been home to: 1880 • The Washington Hotel 1896 • Studebaker Buggy & Carriage Works 1902 • The Spratlen-Anderson Wholesale Grocery Company 1923 • Davis Brothers Drug Company 1957 • Lande Manufacturing 1990 • Edbrooke . . . — Map (db m97417) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — The People of the Stationand the Stories they Tell — Voices from the Past —
”Union Station belongs to all of us.” Union Station neighbor, 2002 Rich or poor, famous or anonymous, everybody passed through Union Station from the time it opened in 1881. A trip to the station meant something new was . . . — Map (db m118585) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 14w — The Stock Market Crash of 1929Wall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
Overnight, paper empires collapsed. Prominent businessman Claude Boettcher borrowed $2 million in life insurance and plunged into the market to recoup his losses. Fifty-six of Colorado’s 174 state and national banks closed their doors. — Map (db m135490) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 20e — Those Illustrious BrownsWall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
Orphaned at age seven, Henry C. Brown worked on a farm in Ohio where he learned carpentry. In 1860, Brown moved to Denver and set up shop. He went on to become one of Denver’s most important early developers. He donated land for the State Capitol, . . . — Map (db m135541) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Union Station AreaLower Downtown Historic District — Established 1988 —
Denver's emergence as the metropolis of the Rockies is directly related to its role as the regional rail hub. When the transcontinental railroad chose Cheyenne and not Denver as its gateway to the west, Denverites rallied. Civic leaders such as . . . — Map (db m4641) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 18w — Wall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
17th Street earned this title long ago based on its status as the business and financial center of the Rocky Mountain Region. Many consider 17th Street the “right address” for business success. Denver’s major banking institutions, . . . — Map (db m135513) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — WarehousesLower Downtown Historic District — Established 1988 —
Denver grew from its humble beginnings along the banks of Cherry Creek in the 1860’s, to a well-organized and prosperous city by the turn of the century. The “rail-age” of Denver’s history brought tremendous growth and turned thought . . . — Map (db m118595) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 17w — Western PhilosophyWall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street Denver, Colorado —
. . . — Map (db m135511) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Windsor Farm Dairy Building / The Crocker Cracker Factory — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
Windsor Farm Dairy Building 1918 A building with a milky past, the Windsor Farm Dairy was built in 1918 for $30.000. A leading Denver architectural firm, Fisher & Fisher, designed this red brick structure with terra cotta . . . — Map (db m97358) HM
Colorado (Douglas County), Castle Rock — The Rock / Gray Gold
A geologic phenomenon known as a “glowing avalanche” formed Castle Rock and the other buttes of Douglas County 36.7 million years ago. A volcanic eruption near Mount Princeton, about 95 miles southwest of here, spewed a frothy, gleaming . . . — Map (db m46142) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Goerke & Son Photography
A Privately-Owned Balanced Rock In the 1890s, photographer Paul Goerke shrewdly purchased the land around Balanced Rock. Goerke and his son, Curt, snapped photos of tourists for .25 cents each. The Goerkes then developed the plates in their . . . — Map (db m45981) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Manitou Springs — Wheeler Town Clock
Jerome Wheeler donated this clock in 1889 for the opening of the Manitou Mineral Water Bottling Company. The clock, cast by the J. L. Mott Iron Works of Trenton, New Jersey, was also a fountain. Water flowed from stylized dolphin heads into bowls; . . . — Map (db m55812) HM
Colorado (Garfield County), Glenwood Springs — "The First National Bank Building"802 Grand Avenue
On March 15, 1887, excavation for a three-story brick and stone building began on lots at 802 Grand Avenue for the First National Bank building. At the time, The Glenwood Echo newspaper reported that the First National Bank offices would occupy the . . . — Map (db m120089) HM
Colorado (Garfield County), Glenwood Springs — Hughes-Anderson Building
The commercial building at 824-826 Grand Avenue was constructed in 1888. The brick building was initially occupied by a hardware store and an agricultural implement shop on the first floor, furnished rooms on the second floor, and a tin shop in the . . . — Map (db m120102) HM
Colorado (Garfield County), Glenwood Springs — Immigrants Found Future in Colorado
Beginning in the 1870's Italians came in great numbers to Colorado. The Roaring Fork Valley's Italian immigrants performed the hard, dirty work wanted by no one else. Most were coal miners who worked the mines at Sunlight, Spring Gulch and . . . — Map (db m120548) HM
Colorado (Garfield County), Glenwood Springs — McCoy-Armory Building
This current address has incorporated numbers 827 and 829 Grand Avenue. The earliest maps show buildings on this site since 1888, but the year 1913 has J.F. McCoy constructing his building. In 1917, the State of Colorado purchased the building for . . . — Map (db m120087) HM
Colorado (Garfield County), Glenwood Springs — The Hotel Glenwood
The original building at this site was built in 1883 and was called the Hotel Colorado. It was quickly found too small for its needs and plans were made to replace it. In 1884, Isaac Cooper, William Gelder, and Joseph Enzensperger made plans . . . — Map (db m120095) HM
Colorado (Garfield County), Glenwood Springs — When the Railroads Arrived in Glenwood Springs
The Roaring Fork Valley's coal fields sparked a war of expansion between two railroads: the Denver and the Rio Grande Railroad and the Colorado Midland Railroad. In 1886 the Colorado Midland proposed building a line to Aspen. Knowing that . . . — Map (db m120532) HM
Colorado (Garfield County), New Castle — 4 — Barry Building — New Castle Museum on the Street —
In 1893, this two-story building served as a general merchandise establishment. Daniel Barry operated his business here until 1897. Cohn, Doll & Co (later Doll Bros. and Smith) operated a dry goods and general merchandise store here, followed by the . . . — Map (db m120103) HM
Colorado (Garfield County), New Castle — New Castle Coal Mine Memorial
This memorial is placed in honor of the men who lost their lives in the coal mines of New Castle. Vulcan Mine - February 18, 1896 {List of names} Vulcan Mine - December 12, 1913 {List of names} Vulcan . . . — Map (db m120120) HM
Colorado (Gilpin County), Black Hawk — Fick’s Carriage Shop
Long operated by William Fick and his family, this blacksmith shop turned out a superior brand of rugged, durable quartz wagons that hauled ore from the mines to the mills along Clear Creek. The Bull Durham sign was painted by traveling artists for . . . — Map (db m51883) HM
Colorado (Gilpin County), Central City — The Ignatz Meyer Building
The major fire in Central City on May 21, 1874 nearly wiped out the commercial district of the city. The new building was completed by November 1st of the same year and B.F. Pease operated a dry goods store at the location for nearly 10 years. For a . . . — Map (db m51834) HM
Colorado (Grand County), Grand Lake — Cairns-Humphrey Store
In 1881 James Cairns built his first store here to serve the miners. In 1908 he replaced it with a better building, purchased by Matilda Humphrey in 1924. It survives as the central part of the Humphrey store. The small residence was Cairns interim . . . — Map (db m129850) HM
Colorado (Grand County), Grand Lake — The Smith-Eslick Cottage Camp
Entrepreneur P.H. Smith brought his family to Grand County from Kansas. In 1893 he started a sawmill in Grand Lake and acquired several local properties. A skillful craftsman, P.H. Smith built many significant structures, including the Grand . . . — Map (db m129883) HM
Colorado (Grand County), Grand Lake — The Smith-Eslick Family
The Smith Eslick Family (panel 1) Entrepreneur P.H. Smith brought his family to Grand County from Kansas. In 1893 he started a sawmill in Grand Lake and acquired several local properties. A skillful craftsman, P.H. Smith built many . . . — Map (db m129880) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — 922 Washington AvenueStewart Block Building
City of Golden Downtown Landmark The Stewart Block building was completed in 1892. It served as a grocery for 52 years under a variety of owners including Caleb E. Parfet, Elvyn E. Stewart, and Leonard Vogel. The motto of the original building . . . — Map (db m50593) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Arapahoe City
In this immediate area once stood Arapahoe City A pioneer placer mining camp the earliest town in Jefferson County. Named for the Arapaho Indians. Town company organized Nov. 29, 1858. From here went George A. Jackson and John H. Gregory . . . — Map (db m82878) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Brewing on Clear Creek-Coors History
In 1867, in Hamburg, Germany, young Adolphus Herman Joseph Kuhrs was preparing to stow away on a ship bound for America. By 1872, Coors had altered the spelling of his last name and arrived in the Denver area. He settled on Golden because of its . . . — Map (db m74796) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Down by the Old Mill Stream
Golden had a variety of businesses and industries in operation during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among these were four flour mills-the Rock Mill, the Brick Mill, the Binder Mill, and the Golden Mill. Mill races, or ditches dug from . . . — Map (db m50596) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Ferrell/Berthoud Home (Miners Hotel)
John M. Ferrell came to the Golden valley from upstate New York in June of 1859. He camped on the southeastern banks of Clear Creek and created the Washington Avenue crossing for the gold rushers. When Golden was organized, Ferrell became one of its . . . — Map (db m49895) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Gold
In the mid-19th Century, prospectors coming into the Clear Creek valley discovered placer gold that had been carried downstream from mountain deposits. As the sandbars containing the placer gold were mined out, prospectors traced the fold upstream . . . — Map (db m49907) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Gold in Clear Creek
From the mid-1800s, to the mid-1900s, gold mining and dredging represented an economic boon to the Clear Creek region.

In 1904, the National Dredging Company, led by Herman J. Reiling, purchased the historic Arapahoe Bar in Clear Creek, which . . . — Map (db m50601) HM

Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — 5JF1798 — Goosetown Tavern
In Golden's early days this area was called Goosetown neighborhood. The origin of the name is uncertain. The first residents were mostly German immigrants who worked at local breweries, rail yards and smelters. Their homes were simple, wood frame . . . — Map (db m82881) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Jolly Rancher 1113 Washington AvenueCity of Golden, Downtown Landmark, Historic Preservation Board
In May of 1949, Bill and Dorothy Harmsen purchased an ice cream machine and leased a storefront on the east side of Washington Ave. The Harmsens chose the name Jolly Rancher for their store to reflect a spirit of western hospitality. High quality . . . — Map (db m49893) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Porcelain and Malted Milk
With temperance pressures rising, Adolph Coors knew diversification was crucial to his industry. In 1910, he invested in John J. Herold’s pottery works at 8th and Ford Streets. During the middle of the decade, embargoes on German import porcelain . . . — Map (db m50090) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Settler Farm Wife’s Initiative
Here is a story from the Colorado Transcript of August 12, 1885: “We like to hear a good story, and here is one on Jim Boyd: Last spring Jim’s wife wanted to peddle vegetables in Denver. Jim laughed at her, believing she could not even . . . — Map (db m49910) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — The White Ash Mine Disaster
For many years, Golden’s people have respected the flood waters of Clear Creek above ground. However, it was the flood below ground that claimed the most lives. On September 9, 1889, water broke into the White Ash Mine beneath Clear Creek at the . . . — Map (db m49900) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Morrison — John Brisben Walker
Devoted family man and visionary businessman.

John Brisben Walker is personally responsible for the way much of the front range looks in this area. In his quest for the perfect place to build a home for his family, he preserved . . . — Map (db m141095) HM

Colorado (La Plata County), Hesperus — The Old Spanish Trail
Between 1800 and 1850, the Old Spanish Trail became a regional trade route between Santa Fe and California. Dominguez and Escalante traveled through this valley in 1776. Within twenty-five years of their expedition this trail became a . . . — Map (db m71614) HM
Colorado (Lake County), Climax — ClimaxWhere Colorado History is Still Being Made
This place has seen plenty of changes since Charles Senter discovered a deposit of molybdenum on Bartlett Mountain in 1879. In the early days, Climax was a sleepy depot at the top of a railroad grade. But by World War I there was a . . . — Map (db m122841) HM
Colorado (Lake County), Climax — Highway in the Sky
Colorado 91 is now a well-engineered modern highway, but driving over Fremont Pass wasn't always as safe or convenient as it is today. The silver mining boom created a population of more than 30,000 people in Leadville by 1879, making it the . . . — Map (db m122827) HM
Colorado (Lake County), Climax — Life on the High Line
The sound of a train whistle was music to the ears of a miner spending the winter on Fremont Pass. Up until just before World War II, Colorado 91 was a dirt track that was closed six months a year, and the railroad was the mine’s only link with the . . . — Map (db m122839) HM
Colorado (Lake County), Climax — More Than Just a Mine
It's only a memory now, but the community of Climax was once called home by several generations of Colorado mining families. In its early years, Climax struggled to keep quality employees. Cold and snow, isolation and high altitude sent many . . . — Map (db m122837) HM
Colorado (Lake County), Climax — The Big Shot
One of the most significant technological advances in Climax Mine history was the implementation of block-cave mining in 1927. It cut the production cost of molybdenum in half, keeping the mine open (and profitable) through the grim years of the . . . — Map (db m122838) HM
Colorado (Lake County), Climax — The Highest Compost Pile in the World
Eighty years of mining operations on Fremont Pass disturbed more than five square miles of land and altered the course of a stream. As of 2009, Climax Molybdenum Company had spent nearly $50 million on land reclamation and water treatment. Not a . . . — Map (db m122835) HM
Colorado (Lake County), Climax — Water Treatment Protects Downstream Users
By the time Charles Senter staked his claims on Bartlett Mountain in 1879, the trout were gone from Ten Mile Creek. It had been altered by smelting and mining that took place long before Climax began operations. Today, the trout are back. . . . — Map (db m122749) HM
Colorado (Lake County), Climax — Welcome to Climax!
A whole lot of Colorado history has happened right here on top of Fremont Pass. And it all happened because of a metal most people have trouble pronouncing. Molybdenum (moll-ib-den-um) is used to harden steel. More molybdenite ore (the . . . — Map (db m122900) HM
Colorado (Lake County), Leadville — David May
The nationwide May Department Stores mercantile empire was born in September, 1877 when David May opened his first store in a tent 300 feet south of this tablet. From 1881 to 1888 the May Store occupied this site, at 318 . . . — Map (db m51809) HM
Colorado (Larimer County), Fort Collins — Mosman House
This property, part of the original Camp Collins, was purchased by the Mosman family on October 5, 1891. In 1892 prominent architect, Momtezuma Fuller (1858-1925) designed this house, in a distinctive Eastlake Victorian Queen Anne architectural . . . — Map (db m52324) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Ludlow — Ludlow Tent Colony Site MemorialThe Ludlow Massacre
In Memory of the men, women and children, who lost their lives in freedom's cause at Ludlow, Colorado April 20, 1914. — Map (db m100506) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Trinidad — Coal Miners' Memorial1996
Southern Colorado Miners Memorial 1996 Ben Johnson ArtistMap (db m100504) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Trinidad — The Last Coal Burning Steam Engine
Engine 638 was manufactured in 1906 and put into service with the Colorado & Southern R.R. for service at Trinidad for hauling coal, cattle, agricultural products and general merchandise. Later the engine saw service in other areas of . . . — Map (db m116849) HM
Colorado (Logan County), Sterling — 1981 — "Dinkey Engine"
This engine given to the City of Sterling by the Great Eastern Sugar Company in commemoration of the industry’s contribution to the growth and prosperity of this area. This engine was used for many years hauling sugar beets within the factory . . . — Map (db m62208) HM
Colorado (Mesa County), Fruita — Butch CassidyIn the Grand Valley
Reportedly, in October 1899 Butch Cassidy and several members of the Wild Bunch, also known as the Hole-in-the-wall Gang, travelled through Grand Valley. From 1889 to 1904 this band of desperadoes thrilled local citizens and terrified many . . . — Map (db m104504) HM
Colorado (Mesa County), Grand Junction — 10 — Bannister Furniturec. 1890
William H. Bannister came from Molina, Colorado in the 1890s and in 1897, bought an established furniture store and funeral parlor from M.O. Whitehead. At the time, many furniture stores sold caskets and had an undertaker on staff. W.H. . . . — Map (db m120072) HM
Colorado (Mesa County), Grand Junction — 12 — Benge’s Shoe Storec. 1911
Benge's store is the oldest shoe store in the state, possibly the oldest shoe store west of the Mississippi River. Founded in October of 1911, three generations of the Benge family have operated the business. Founder Bertrand Benge moved from . . . — Map (db m120051) HM
Colorado (Mesa County), Grand Junction — 9 — Mesa Drug/City Marketc. 1924
The Prinster family opened the first City Market Store in the back of this location with a storefront facing Fourth Street in 1924. By 1940, the Prinster Brothers built western Colorado's first supermarket one block to the north of this location. . . . — Map (db m120073) HM
Colorado (Mesa County), Grand Junction — 8 — Sampliner’s Dry Goodsc. 1890
In the 1890s, Joseph and Albert Sampliner started a small business selling men's fine clothing from a pushcart. The Sampliner cousins purchased their goods from bankrupt dry good stores in the Red Mountain mining district. The Sampliners . . . — Map (db m120071) HM
Colorado (Mesa County), Grand Junction — 21 — The Fair Buildingc. 1904 — City Historic Register —
William J. Moyer was one of Mesa County's leading businessmen and philanthropists. He arrived in Grand Junction in 1890 and opened the original Fair Store across the street in a room measuring 12 ft. x 20 ft. with $700 in stock. In 1904, Moyer . . . — Map (db m120055) HM
Colorado (Montezuma County), Mancos — 1892 Horse-Drawn Pull Grader
With thanks and appreciation to Pete and Yvonne Doerfer for loaning the following items: For display only - please do not climb on this equipment. 1892 Horse-Drawn Pull Grader J.D. Adams invented the first successful . . . — Map (db m122034) HM
Colorado (Montezuma County), Mesa Verde National Park — Mancos Valley
The town of Mancos, in the valley before you, historically served as the "Gateway to Mesa Verde." As word spread of the Wetherills' "discoveries," tourists flocked to the area. The Rio Grande Southern Railroad, serving Durano, Mancos, and . . . — Map (db m71529) HM
Colorado (Montrose County), Montrose — Preserving Our Heritage
Within a few years, one generation passes and another comes on the scene. If those who follow are to have any notion of what it was that went before, it must fall to those who possess a tie to the past to preserve what may be known. In that . . . — Map (db m120139) HM
Colorado (Morgan County), Fort Morgan — 224 — Sugar Beets
Sugar beets didn't become Colorado's first major cash crop by accident. Scientists, businessmen, and newspapers spent thirty years singing the praises of this starchy root, which as early as the 1860s was found to be perfectly suited to Colorado's . . . — Map (db m47321) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — A Cast of Colorful CharactersBent's Old Fort National Historic Site
John C. Fremont His name appears on almost any roll of Western pathbreakers. Fremont’s expeditions were instrumental in opening the Southwest. He visited the fort on three of his first four expeditions to the West. Susan . . . — Map (db m71849) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — An Adobe OutpostBent's Old Fort National Historic Site
A Mud Castle Rises In 1833, Bent, St. Vrain & Company built a trading post on the semi-arid reaches of the Arkansas River on the U.S. border with Mexico. Few if any buildings in the American West approached Bent’s Fort in size and . . . — Map (db m71847) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — Mountain Men to MerchantsBent's Old Fort National Historic Site
I wish I was capable to do Bent and St. Vrain justice for the kindness received at their hands. I can only say their equals were never in the mountains. - Christopher “Kit” Carson Charles Bent Charles Bent led . . . — Map (db m71848) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — Traveling Through HistoryBent's Old Fort National Historic Site
For centuries, the Arkansas River Valley has been an important travel corridor that has shaped our nation’s history. Long before the fort was built, wildlife, native peoples, European explorers, trappers, and traders traveled through this river . . . — Map (db m71851) HM
Colorado (Otero County), La Junta — Welcome to the BorderlandsBent's Old Fort National Historic Site
In winters northers howled ... In summer temperatures climbed above the hundred-degree mark ... Spirits shriveled as respiratory organs dried; lips cracked and eyes burned ... it took a particular kind of spiritual iron to survive ... . . . — Map (db m71846) HM
Colorado (Park County), Hartsel — HartselAnd The Surrounding Area
At the center of Colorado, the Hartsel area served as a summer hunting ground for the Mountain Utes and other American Indian tribes. After 1860, fields of irrigated hay replaced native grasses, domestic cattle and sheep replaced the bison, and . . . — Map (db m107886) HM
Colorado (Park County), Hartsel — HeritageCharacter and Adaptability
Sam Hartsel: Life in Hartsel has always called for character and adaptability. Sam Hartsel came to South Park in 1860 to mine but realized that he could make a better living raising food for miners. Starting with a 160-acre homestead in . . . — Map (db m107890) HM
Colorado (Pueblo County), Pueblo — 219 — Pueblo - Trail Days / Industrial Frontier - Pinon County
Panel 1 Pueblo El Pueblo El Pueblo never achieved great commercial success, but one could make a living there. Built in 1842 by traders George Simpson, Matthew Kinkead, Robert Fisher, Jim Beckwourth, and several others, . . . — Map (db m89335) HM
Colorado (Routt County), Hayden — Former Mine Sites of Mt. Harris & Victor American
Panel 1: Mt. Harris 1914-1958 The Colorado-Utah Coal Company's Harris Mine was opened June 12, 1914 under the direction of George Homer and Bryon Harris. The camp was first named Harris, but later changed, due to another established post . . . — Map (db m116920) HM
Colorado (Saguache County), Saguache — George W. Hazard Memorial
Left plaque George W. Hazard (1868-1938) was the second child of James Glann and Mary L (Stoddard) Hazard, and the only child to survive childhood. His older brother Henry died at the age of ten, and his younger sister Cora died in . . . — Map (db m120162) HM
Colorado (Saguache County), Saguache — Otto Mears ParkThis tablet is the property of the State of Colorado
This park is dedicated to Otto Mears, Russian-born Colorado Pioneer, know as “The Pathfinder of the San Juan”, who came to the San Luis Valley in 1865. In Saguache (A Ute Indian word meaning “blue earth”), Otto Mears was . . . — Map (db m120163) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Julesburg — A Moving Story
When Jules Beni established his trading post here in the mid-1850's, he unknowingly set the stage for a series of four towns that would bear his name. Strategically located at the Upper California Crossing of the South Platte River, the first . . . — Map (db m47346) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Julesburg — Blowing in the Wind
Gap-toothed and grumbling, the old windmill keeps vigil over the valley where a gravel road has replaced horse and wagon trails. The windmill is more than a machine - it symbolizes survival.

The windmill grew up with the American West, supplying . . . — Map (db m47343) HM

Colorado (Sedgwick County), Ovid — "Dinky" Locomotive
Known as the “Dinky,” this unit was owned and operated by the Great Western Sugar Co. from 1926 to 1985. Its primary function was to shuttle rail cars of coal, lime-rock, beets and sugar in the Ovid factory yards. Donated to the . . . — Map (db m110323) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Ovid — Sugar Town
Ovid experienced a tremendous boom in 1925 when the Great Western Sugar Company built a sugar beet processing plant here. The plant closed in 1985 after the owners went bankrupt speculating on the silver market.

The "dinkey," a steam-powered . . . — Map (db m47363) HM

Colorado (Summit County), Breckenridge — Breckenridge, ColoradoNational Historic District — Established 1859 —
You've just stepped into Colorado's Kingdom - a delightful trip back in time with all of today's modern conveniences and amenities. Here you'll find one of the world's premier resorts with outstanding four-season activities to please everyone's . . . — Map (db m58003) HM
Colorado (Summit County), Breckenridge — Riverwalk - Blue River Restoration
Pre-Mining Landscape This valley once held beaver ponds, wet meadows, shrub thickets and open grasslands. Fires started by Native Americans supported herds of mountain bison and favored growth of grasses and wildflowers on the valley floor. . . . — Map (db m58592) HM
Colorado (Summit County), Breckenridge — The Exchange — Centennial 1880 - 1980 —
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places The Exchange - constructed in 1880, the building housed the Bank of Breckenridge, the Engle Bros. Exchange Bank and the Post Office at various times. — Map (db m58368) HM
Colorado (Summit County), Breckenridge — The HearthstoneOver 100 Years of Victorian Charm
The Hearthstone building was established in 1883. The original structure was build and owned by the Kaiser family, who ran a market on Lincoln St., when Breckenridge existed as a thriving mining community. The Hearthstone building itself has . . . — Map (db m58369) HM
Colorado (Summit County), Vail Pass — 246 — 10th Mountain DivisionCamp Hale
The 10th Mountain Division, created for alpine and winter combat during World War II, girded for battle on the steep, inhospitable terrain of Camp Hale (about twenty-five miles southwest of here). Built at an old railroad sheep-loading stop, the . . . — Map (db m58466) HM
Colorado (Summit County), Vail Pass — 246 — Vail / Vail Pass Country
Marker Front: Vail Mountain stood bare just days before the resort’s 1962 grand opening. As luck would have it, a late December storm blanketed the area, dumping several feet of powder on the untracked slopes. Fortune just kept smiling on . . . — Map (db m58485) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Cripple Creek — “The Old Homestead House” of Myers Avenue
The town site of Cripple Creek was laid out shortly after the discovery of gold by Horace Bennett, a Denver realtor, with his partner, Julius Myers, naming the street after each of them. Bennett Avenue became the main street of the town and of . . . — Map (db m51827) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Cripple Creek — Fairley Bros. & Lampman Building1896
Furniture retailers C.L. and D.B. Fairley joined undertaker Oscar Lampman to finance the construction of this building. The Fairleys opened a branch of their Colorado Springs store here; Lampman acted primarily as an investor. The Central Drug . . . — Map (db m51823) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Victor — Lowell Thomas’s Victor
Tomkins Hardware/Victor Museum In 1900, the Victor museum building was the Tompkins Hardware Store, part of the Reynolds Block. At one time the offices upstairs served as the Mining Exchange. In later years it became the Hackley . . . — Map (db m92261) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Victor — North 3rd Street
On this corner, an electric street car (the Low Line) turned off Victor Avenue onto N 3rd Street to continue its trip to the Independence Mine and around Battle Mountain. In the early 1900s, the miners commuted to work via these streetcars for a . . . — Map (db m46796) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Victor — North 4th Street
Original Hotel Victor The Original Hotel Victor was built by the Woods family in 1894 at the corner of 4th and Victor Avenue – where JET Service now stands. While digging the hotel foundation workmen discovered a rich gold bearing vein . . . — Map (db m46759) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Victor — The Bawdy Side of TownSouth Third Street
Fortune Club The Fortune Club was a famous gambling house and saloon and it was reported to also be home to one of the area’s most talked about Red Light Social Clubs with rooms for rent on the second floor – later the Fortune Club . . . — Map (db m46866) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Victor — Welcome to Victor ColoradoCity of Mines — City Elevation: 9693 ft —
For many who came West, their biggest dream was to find gold. With small grubstakes they came, over 12,000 of them, making Victor the 5th largest city in Colorado by 1900. The glory days brought entertainment as well. Jack Dempsey trained at the . . . — Map (db m46728) HM
Colorado (Weld County), Loveland — 256 — LovelandColorado
During its brief but colorful life, Mariano Medina's toll bridge and trading post overflowed with high living and tall tales from the proprietor's fur-trapping days. Built on the Big Thompson River in 1858, astride what would become the Overland . . . — Map (db m89279) HM
Colorado (Weld County), Platteville — Fort Vasquez
Established in 1837 by Louis Vasquez and Andrew W. Sublette. Maintained until 1842 as a post for trade in buffalo robes and beaver skins with Arapahoes and Cheyennes. Rendezvous of early trappers. Emigrant station on Platte River Trail after . . . — Map (db m89597) HM
Colorado (Weld County), Platteville — Fort Vasquez / Fort Vasquez Country
Fort Vasquez As trappers and explorers, Louis Vasquez and Andrew Sublette helped build the lucrative fur trade. But by 1835, when they raised Fort Vasquez midway between Fort Laramie and Bent's Old Fort along Trapper's Trail and . . . — Map (db m120215) HM
Colorado (Weld County), Platteville — Fort Vasquez Trading Post1835 — Welcome - Bienvenido - Bonjour —
You are standing at the north edge of a historic adobe fort of the fur trade era, founded by Andrew W. Sublette and Pierre Louis Vasquez in 1835 to support trade with the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes. These men and their fellow trappers were . . . — Map (db m89619) HM

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Apr. 8, 2020