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Cambria County Pennsylvania Historical Markers

 
Allegheny Portage Railroad NHCEL Marker image, Touch for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., July 6, 2009
Allegheny Portage Railroad NHCEL Marker
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site — Allegheny Portage Railroad
National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark — Map (db m53793) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site — Engine House No. 6
In front of you is the site of Engine House No. 6, one of ten such power plants on the Allegheny Portage Railroad. The building was demolished in 1900, but portions of the stone foundation remain intact. The National Park Service is preserving the . . . — Map (db m53783) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site — Inclined Plane No. 6
In front of you is the site of Inclined Plane No. 6, one of ten inclines on the Allegheny Portage Railroad. The track visible today has been reconstructed. From 1834 to 1854, railroad cars bearing canal boats, freight, and passengers were pulled . . . — Map (db m53782) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site — Levels
The tracks of the Alegheny Portage Railroad snaked over the mountains in stair-step fashion. The steep inclined planes were connected by sections with gentle grades called "levels." There were eleven levels, and, like the inclines, each was . . . — Map (db m53797) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site — Railroad Stone
On this hillside archeologists have found evidence of stonecutting that was almost certainly related to the building of the Allegheny Portage Railroad. There is no formal quarry pit, but broken stone is abundant, and many sandstone outcrops reveal . . . — Map (db m53758) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site — Skew Arch Bridge Trail
The spur trail to your left leads 1/3 mile down the east slope of the mountain to the historic Skew Arch Bridge. The bridge is located near the base of the portage railroad's Incline No. 6. The trail roughly parallels the incline. The Skew Arch . . . — Map (db m53775) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site — Stephen Tyng MatherJuly 4, 1867 - Jan. 22, 1930
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done. — Map (db m53800) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site — Summit Level Historic Area
The boardwalk in front of you leads to the summit of the historic Allegheny Portage Railroad. It was here in 1834 that trains first crossed the Allegheny Mountains. The railroad ceased operations in 1854, but remnants of historic structures are . . . — Map (db m53799) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site — The Lemon House
Samuel Lemon and his wife Jean moved to this mountain in 1826 and built a log tavern not far from here. As many as fifty Conestoga wagons a night camped at Lemon's first tavern on the old turnpike that crossed this gap. Five years later, in . . . — Map (db m53794) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Altoona — Horseshoe CurveNational Historic Engineering Landmark
Designed and built under the direction [of] Pennsylvania Railroad chief engineer and, later, company president, J. Edgar Thomson. Horseshoe Curve opened February 15, 1854. It was 366 meters across and 1310 meters long with a 1.8 percent grade. . . . — Map (db m52488) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Altoona — Horseshoe Curve
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Railroad Landmarks 1854 - 2004 The first railroad to cross the Allegheny Mountains between Harrisburg and Pittsburgn, with a maximum grade of 1.87%, was engineered by J. Edgar . . . — Map (db m52526) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Belsano — Malcolm Cowley
Born here in 1898, Cowley became an influential literary critic, editor, poet, and historian after World War I. He chronicles the "Lost Generation" in Exile's Return, his most famous work. Blue Juniata, a book of verse, celebrates this region. He . . . — Map (db m74410) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Carrolltown — Dr. Lawrence F. Flick
Pioneer in antitubercular campaign and among first to recognize this disease was communicable. Organized first American tuberculosis society, 1892. Founded White Haven Sanatorium, 1901. Birthplace 400 yards east of highway. — Map (db m65080) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Cresson — Admiral Peary Park
Rear Admiral Robert E. Peary was born near Cresson on May 6, 1856. This Park and monument commemorate his birth and achievements. — Map (db m52727) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Cresson — Cresson Tuberculosis Sanatorium
Pennsylvania's anti-tuberculosis campaign, led by Dept. of Health Commissioner S.G. Dixon, included three state-run sanatoria. Est. 1913, Cresson was a model for the nation. It was first to be racially integrated, run a school of nursing, and offer . . . — Map (db m73397) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Cresson — Portage Railroad
Here was Number 5 of the ten inclined planes used to carry canal boats by rail, Hollidaysburg to Johnstown. The road to Lilly follows closely the route of the Portage Railroad over the mountain to Johnstown. — Map (db m52726) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Cresson — Robert E. Peary
This monument was placed in honor of the Arctic explorer, discoverer of the North Pole April 6, 1909. Peary was born in Cresson, May 6, 1856, the family moving to Maine in 1859. — Map (db m52730) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), East Conemaugh — Sgt Michael Strank
A Marine, he was the oldest and highest ranking of the six men who took part in the famous raising of the U.S. flag on Iwo Jima, Feb. 23, 1945. This scene, photographed by Joe Rosenthal of the Associated Press, was later used in the Marine Corps War . . . — Map (db m74506) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Ebensburg — Cambria County
Formed March 26, 1804 out of Huntingdon and Somerset counties. Its name, dating from Roman Britain, means "Wales." County seat, Ebensburg, was incorporated 1825. Famed Portage Railroad extended west to Johnstown. Birthplace of Rear Admiral Robert E. . . . — Map (db m52728) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Ebensburg — Penn-Eben Hotel
The three-story red brick Penn-Eben Hotel was the finest example of a "salesman" hotel within the Borough of Ebensburg. With the introduction of the automobile and improved highways, Ebensburg gradually became a point of passage rather than a final . . . — Map (db m52799) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Gallitzin — Gallitzin Tunnels
The Gallitzin Tunnel was an engineering triumph and an essential step in conquering the steep grades of the Allegheny Mountains by railroad. Combined with the Horseshoe Curve, the Gallitzin Tunnel made the idea of a Pennsylvania mainline railroad a . . . — Map (db m52531) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Gallitzin — Lemon House
Built in 1830 by Samuel Lemon. Standing at head of Plane Number 6 of Allegheny Portage Railroad, it served for many years as a station and as a resting place for travelers. House is visible 75 yards north of highway. — Map (db m52471) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Hastings — Hastings UMWA - District 2 Labor Chautauquas
From 1924 to 1926 the United Mine Workers of America held innovative workers’ education programs in bituminous coal towns throughout western Pa. Hastings recorded the largest attendance in 1925. With the leadership of district President John Brophy, . . . — Map (db m74507) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — 1889 Johnstown Flood Unidentified Dead
In memory of the unidentified dead from the flood May 31, 1889 — Map (db m21826) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — 1936 Greater Johnstown Flood Victims
In memory of those lost in the March 17, 1936 Greater Johnstown Flood Daniel Gallagher • Cecilia Seifert Wehn Foster W. Buchanan • Henry Belande Mrs. Jacob Fruhlinger • Faber Eckenrod James Langham • Louis F. Ansman Joseph Runko • . . . — Map (db m21885) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — A Success Story
The concrete river channels before you are part of the Pittsburgh District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineer's [sic], Johnstown Local Flood Protection Project (JLFPP). It is the longest paved channelization project in Pennsylvania and one of the largest . . . — Map (db m52760) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — American Red Cross
On June 5, 1889, Clara Barton and a group of American Red Cross volunteers arrived in Johnstown to help the survivors of a devastating flood resulting from the failure of the South Fork Dam. It was one of the first major disaster responses for the . . . — Map (db m74402) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Calamity and Prosperity
The booming period, from 1867 to 1889, was used to make steel rails and fortunes...Across this rampant industrial expansion, the Great Flood of 1889 rolled like a juggernaught. - Nathaniel Daniel Shappee. A History of Johnstown and the Great Flood . . . — Map (db m76909) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Cambria City
Founded in 1853, this neighborhood was the first home to immigrants who came to Johnstown to find work in the coal mines and steel mills. Nationality churches and ethnic clubs exemplify the neighborhood's rich and diverse culture. — Map (db m52634) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Cambria Iron Company Office
On May 31, 1889, the Cambria Iron Company suffered $3,000,000 in damages to its properties throughout the valley, including this building which housed the main office. Cambria Iron was Johnstown's main industry, so the city waited anxiously to . . . — Map (db m53912) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Cambria Library
On May 31, 1889, Washington Street became one of the main paths of destruction for the raging flood wave from the broken South Fork Dam. There were two buildings on this site: the office residence of Mrs. Hettie Ogle - the Western Union . . . — Map (db m53914) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Central Park
On May 31, 1889, Central Park was under 18 feet of water and tons of debris. Within a few days, however, the park was cleared off and transformed into a tent city for some of the 6,000 laborers and 580 members of the 14th Pennsylvania Regiment . . . — Map (db m21829) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Chapin Arch1910
This arch was dedicated posthumously to Anna Morrell Chapin by her husband Philip Chapin, former General Manager of Cambria Iron Company. It was the original entrance to Grandview Cemetery. The switchback road in the picture was replaced by . . . — Map (db m21833) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Escape of Freedom Seekers Patrick and Abraham
In February 1837, two slaves, brothers Patrick and Abraham, escaped from a farm in Bath, Va. As they made their way to freedom, bounty hunters pursued them and they were wounded. Both black and white abolitionists assisted them on their way through . . . — Map (db m74404) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — First Cambria A.M.E. Zion Church
Formed 1873 in the loft of the Woodvale Tannery by workers there. Organized as Cambria Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church, 1874, at Napoleon and Dibert Sts. About 1877 it moved here. Washed from its foundation in the 1889 flood but later restored. — Map (db m21871) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Flood Prevention
To commemorate Flood Prevention from these rivers Dedicated to the Flood Correspondents Association of the Flood of 1889 on the fifty-first anniversary May 31, 1940 — Map (db m52761) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Greater Johnstown Flood VictimsJuly 20, 1977
“A people who have walked in darkness have seen a great light: to them who live in the region of the shadow of death, a light has risen.” Isaiah 9:2 [Names, ages, and residence of the 78 people who died are listed on the monument] . . . — Map (db m21594) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Johns Street Bridge
Between 1927 and 1999 a 135-foot single-span concrete-encased riveted steel polygonal-chord Pratt pony truss bridge crossed the Little Conemaugh River at this location. First proposed in Henry Hornbostel's 1917 "Comprehensive Plan of Johnstown" the . . . — Map (db m52765) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Johnstown Civil War Memorial1861-1865
In memory of The Soldiers who fought for the preservation of the Union. — Map (db m21834) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Johnstown Flood
On May 31, 1889, a wall of water and wreckage 35 feet high traveled 14 miles from the broken South Fork Dam, destroying more than 1,600 homes and claiming 2,209 lives. Public and private efforts from across America helped Johnstown to rebuild. — Map (db m52671) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Johnstown Local Flood Protection Project
Built (1938-1943) and maintained by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Pittsburgh District), the JLFPP reflects the 1930s move toward a major federal role in local flood protection. This concrete-paved channel project, extending 9.2 miles along . . . — Map (db m52672) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Johnstown Veterans and War Memorial
In honor of our servicemen and servicewomen past, present, future Ever Vigilant · Ever Free — Map (db m52847) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Joseph Johns
In commemoration of Joseph Johns (Joseph Schantz) The founder of the City of Johnstown Erected by citizens of German descent of Johnstown June 16, 1913 Zum gedächtnis an Joseph Schantz Grüder der Stadt . . . — Map (db m52848) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Market Square
On May 31, 1889, the Market House, which held the police station and municipal offices was completely washed away. It had occupied this northeast corner of Market Square, a plot of land laid out by Joseph Johns in his town plan of 1800. After . . . — Map (db m21886) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Morley's Dog
On May 31, 1889, this post-Civil War, cast iron statue was swept away by the flood wave and carried to a pile of wreckage downstream. After being found amidst the debris, it was returned to the front yard of the James Morley mansion which . . . — Map (db m21835) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Oklahoma House
Used as temporary housing for survivors of the 1889 flood — Map (db m53913) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Pennsylvania Railroad Stone Bridge
On May 31, 1889, The main main [sic] thrust of the 30-foot wave from the broken South Fork Dam smashed into the hillside to your left, sparing the PRR stone bridge from its full impact. The bridge held, its arches clogged with debris. The raging . . . — Map (db m52764) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Sgt. John T. Boxler
In memory of Sgt. John T. Boxler Automotive mechanic U.S. Post Office Johnstown, Pennsylvania Served his country two tours of duty in Vietnam. Gave his life for the American way February 25, 1991 in Operation Desert Storm in Dhahran, . . . — Map (db m21569) WM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — St. John Cathedral
On May 31, 1889, St. John Gualbert's parish experienced not only a great loss, but also a nearly miraculous rescue. The church itself burned down in the midst of the floodwaters, having caught fire when the burning Wolfe residence crashed into it. . . . — Map (db m21593) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — The Grand Army of the Republic HallCentral Park Law Building
. . . — Map (db m53802) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Tribune Building
On May 31, 1889, George T. Swank, editor and publisher of the Johnstown Tribune, was preparing the weekly issue of the paper on the second floor of this building. The rising waters outside drew him to the office windows to report on the . . . — Map (db m53915) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — Walnut Street Bridge
Built in 1917-18, the Walnut Street Bridge was one of the most critial bridges in Johnstown, providing the sole link from the West End to downtown. In 2006, the concrete arch bridge was reconstructed based on plans for the earlier bridge Funded . . . — Map (db m53906) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Johnstown — World War II Memorial
In reverent and enduring memory of all Americans who fought for a new world of freedom and peace They counted not their lives dear unto themselves — Map (db m53916) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Lilly — Ku Klux Klan RiotApril 5, 1924
Lilly was targeted for a massive Ku Klux Klan demonstration because local coal mines had hired Catholic immigrants and fired Klan members. Four hundred hooded Klansmen arrived by train early on this April evening and paraded to Piper's Hill where . . . — Map (db m39277) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Logan — Over the HillHow railroads surmounted the spine of the Alleghenies — between Altoona and Johnstown
This was the original (1850-54) PRR main line. After Horseshoe Curve was opened, this became the Hollidaysburg Branch (now Conrail's Cove Secondary Track). From 1850 to 1854, the original PRR main line extended through what is now Altoona to a . . . — Map (db m52528) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Logan — The GP9
Inscription of photo at top of marker GP9 #7048, momentarily off-duty, cools its wheels at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania engine terminal.

Caption of next photo Pennsylvania Railroad GP9 #7048 replaced the K4 locomotive as a trackside . . . — Map (db m55659) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Logan — Watching The Curve
Caption of drawing at top left The GE P42DC produced by General Electric Transportation Systems.

Caption of drawing at top right Norfolk Southern SD40-Es usually come up in pairs. And often on both ends of long freight trains . . . — Map (db m55540) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Loretto — Charles M. Schwab
The steel king, of whom Carnegie said he "knew more about steel than any man in the world," had his estate here. The grounds and buildings are owned by Saint Francis College. — Map (db m52908) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Loretto — Demetrius Gallitzin
Here is the tomb of the Russian prince-priest who gave up a life of ease for a frontier mission. Founder of Loretto, Catholic colony, 1799. Saint Michael's is on the site of his chapel. He died here May 6, 1840. — Map (db m52909) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Loretto — Loretto
This village, 3.5 miles northwest of here, was founded 1799 by Prince Gallitzin as a Catholic colony. The site of the priest -missioner's grave is here. Charles Schwab, steel king, had his home in Loretto, and is buried here. — Map (db m52729) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Loretto — Loretto
Founded 1799 by the prince-priest, Demetrius Gallitzin. Here he began in 1800 the first school in the area, a forerunner of St. Francis College, chartered in 1858. Catholic cultural center. Charles M. Schwab, steel king, had his home here. — Map (db m73400) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Loretto — Rev Demetrius Augustine GallitzinA Shepherd of Souls • A Preacher of the Word • A Servant of the Lord
Born at The Hague, Netherlands, December 20th, 1770 Died at Loretto, Pennsylvania, May 6th, 1840 He was ordained March 18th, 1795, and spent most of his priestly life as pioneer missionary in the Allegheny Mountains. In his travels through these . . . — Map (db m73401) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Mineral Point — Staple Bend Tunnel
First railroad tunnel built in the U.S. and a part of the Portage Railroad. The masonry is intact and a unique engineering feat of the times. Can be visited a few miles east of here, via Mineral Point. — Map (db m116894) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Nanty Glo — John Brophy(1883-1963)
The American labor leader lived here in Nanty Glo. Brophy was president of District 2, United Mine Workers of America, 1916-1926; he gained national prominence for his "Miner's Program," calling for a shorter work week, nationalization of the mines, . . . — Map (db m52911) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Portage — Allegheny Portage Railroad Plane No. 2
From 1834 to 1854 this 36-mile line connected Hollidaysburg to Johnstown. The railroad portaged canal boats over the Allegheny Mountains, which formed a barrier to the Pennsylvania canal system. Horses and mules pulled the first trains. Later steam . . . — Map (db m65079) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Saint Michael — American Legion Post 551 Veterans Memorial
In honor of all Veterans, POW, MIA who served in the great wars and conflicts — Map (db m52808) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Saint Michael — Lake Conemaugh
In 1889 the valley in front of you held one of the largest man-made lakes of its time, containing an estimated 480 million cubic feet of water. Lake Conemaugh extended from the dam just below this point more than 2 miles to your left, with an . . . — Map (db m21867) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Saint Michael — May 31, 1889
The valley in front of you once cradled a scenic lake. Held back by an earthen dam just below here, Lake Conemaugh stretched more than two miles up the valley to your left. The lake was the heart of an exclusive resort where sailboats caught the . . . — Map (db m21887) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Saint Michael — Saint Michael World War II Honor Roll
This memorial has been erected and dedicated by the grateful citizens of this community in humble recognition of the devotion to duty and sacrifices of our veterans of World War II [Honor Roll of Veterans] [Those killed in . . . — Map (db m52809) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Saint Michael — The Dam Melts Away
Just below you stands the remains of the South Fork Dam, a 931-foot-long dam made chiefly of earth. The dam remains intact on the ends where it joins the sides of the valley. But at its center, a 300-foot section is gone. Through this chasm the . . . — Map (db m21866) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Saint Michael — The South Fork Dam
You are now standing on what remains of the South Fork Dam. Completed in 1853, the dam was made chiefly of earth. Layers of clay one-foot-thick or less were built up one by one. Each layer was covered with a skim of water, or “puddled,” . . . — Map (db m21851) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Saint Michael — The Unger House
Col. Elias J. Unger, who served as manager of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club, built this house in the mid-1880s. From here he had a commanding view of the club's lake and dam. On May 31, 1889, Unger supervised a group of laborers in a . . . — Map (db m21878) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), South Fork — Johnstown Flood
The breast of South Fork Dam which broke the night of May 31, 1889, to cause the historic flood is a short distance away. The remains of the dam can be observed. — Map (db m60386) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Spangler — Dedicated to the 77 Men
Dedicated to the 77 men named here who died in an explosion November 6, 1922 in Reilly's colliery #1. Spangler, Penna. and to the many others who lost their lives before and since in area coal mines. — Map (db m74510) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Westmont — Johnstown Incline1891 — Regional Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark
This is one of several, similar inclines built in western Pennsylvania during the late nineteenth century. It was designed by Samuel Diescher (1839-1915) after the great flood of 1889, to provide an efficient means of transportation between Westmont . . . — Map (db m76884) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Westmont — The Johnstown Flood
On May 31, 1889, a massive earthen dam located 14 miles east of Johnstown broke under record rains, releasing 20 million tons of water into the little Conemaugh Valley. The flood hit Johnstown at 4:07 p.m., entering the town through the notch . . . — Map (db m76881) HM

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