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Clarke County Virginia Historical Markers

 
Appalachian Trail and Bears Den Marker image, Touch for more information
By Craig Swain, June 18, 2007
Appalachian Trail and Bears Den Marker
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — T-13 — Appalachian Trail and Bears Den
This 2,100-mile-long hiking path passes through 14 states from Mount Katahdin, Me., to Springer Mountain, Ga., along the ridges of the Appalachian Mountains. Conceived in 1921 by Benton MacKaye, the trail was completed in 1937. It was designated a . . . — Map (db m1207) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — T-4 — Audley
The house to the north is the home of Nellie Parke Custis, George Washington’s ward, who married his nephew, Major Lawrence Lewis. After her husband’s death in 1839, Nellie Custis Lewis settled here, and here she died in 1852. — Map (db m69004) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J-30 — Battle of Berryville
As it maneuvered against Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Army of the Valley, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s U.S. Army of the Shenandoah marched south from Halltown, reaching Berryville on 3 Sept. 1864. Finding part of Brig. Gen. George Crook’s corps . . . — Map (db m1781) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Battle of Berryville
Battle of Berryville Sept. 3, 1864 Early & Sheridan —— — Map (db m88503) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Battle of Cool SpringSharp Action at the Shenandoah River — 1864 Valley Campaign
To draw Union troops from Petersburg to Washington, Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early attacked the capital’s defenses on July 11, 1864. He then withdrew to the Shenandoah Valley, where he had left Gen. John C. Breckinridge’s division to hold the . . . — Map (db m1201) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Battle of Cool Spring
Battle of Cool Spring July 18, 1864 Early & Crook —— — Map (db m4601) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Battle of Cool SpringSharp Action at the Shenandoah River — Early's 1864 Attack on Washington
To draw Union troops from Petersburg to Washington, Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early attacked the capital’s defenses on July 11, 1864. He then withdrew to the Shenandoah Valley, where he had left Gen. John C. Breckinridge’s division to hold the . . . — Map (db m76626) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Battle of Cool SpringUnion Advance and Confederate Counterattack — Early's 1864 Attack on Washington
(Preface): In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee sent Gen. Jubal A. Early's corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter's army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early invaded . . . — Map (db m76628) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Benjamin Berry
——1720(?)–1810—— Benjamin Berry, son of Henry Berry of King George County, settled in what is now Clarke County prior to the Revolution, and in 1798, he procured the formal establishment of the town of . . . — Map (db m1810) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Q 3c — BerryvilleClarke County
The town was laid out in 1798 on land of Benjamin Berry and was first known as Battletown. Here at “Audley” lived Nellie Custis, Washington’s adopted daughter. Here at “Soldiers Rest” lived General Daniel Morgan, who built . . . — Map (db m1788) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Q-3 — Berryville
Before 1798 Berryville was known as Battletown, a name that perhaps originated from a local tavern famous for its fistfights. The General assembly incorporated the town of Berryville on 15 Jan. 1798. Located at a major crossroads of the Shenandoah . . . — Map (db m1811) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J-1 — Berryville Wagon Train Raid
Just after dawn on 13 Aug. 1864, Col. John Singleton Mosby and 300 of his 43rd Battalion Partisan Rangers attacked the rear section of Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s 600-vehicle wagon train here. The train, headed for Winchester, carried supplies . . . — Map (db m1785) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J 1a — Buck Marsh Baptist Church
Organized near this spot by Wm. and Daniel Fristoe in 1772. Constituted by elders John Marks and John Garrard, the later serving as its pastor. James Ireland served as pastor from 1778–1806 and is buried here. — Map (db m1831) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Buck Marsh Fight
Buck Marsh Fight Sept. 13, 1864 Mosby's Attack on Sheridan’s Wagon Trains —— — Map (db m1834) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — T–9 — Castleman’s Ferry Fight
Three miles North in July 1864, General Jubal Early’s army, returning from his raid on Washington, was attacked by Federal units which forced a passage of the river. On July 18, Colonel Joseph Thoburn led his troops against the Confederates but was . . . — Map (db m1203) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Z-180 — Clark County / Loudoun County
(east facing side) Clark County. Area 171 Square Miles. Formed in 1836 from Frederick, and added to from Warren. Named for George Rogers Clark, Conqueror of the Northwest. Lord Fairfax and General Daniel Morgan, Revolutionary hero, . . . — Map (db m1394) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — T-15 — Clarke County Courthouse
The year after Clarke County was formed in 1836, construction began on a brick courthouse based on county justice David Meade’s design. The courthouse was remodeled in the Neoclassical style about 1850 when the portico and cupola were added. . . . — Map (db m1296) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Col. Morgan's Lane
Col. Morgan's Lane Aug. 19, 1864 Mosby's Attack on Custer's House Burners. No Prisoners —— — Map (db m4603) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — T-8 — Colonial Highway
This is one of the oldest roads leading from the east to the Shenandoah Valley; It crosses the Blue Ridge at Snicker’s Gap. The ferry right over the Shenandoah River was granted, 1766. Washington used this road many times. Some distance to the east . . . — Map (db m1840) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — T-10 — Crook and Early
Early, while passing through this gap on his return from his Washington raid, was attacked by Crook’s cavalry, July 16, 1864. Crook destroyed a few wagons, Early captured a cannon. — Map (db m1204) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Fight at Gold’s Farm
Fight at Gold’s Farm Sept. 3, 1864 Mosby & 6th N.Y. Cavalry — Map (db m1816) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — T-11 — Forerunner of Wireless Telegraphy
From nearby Bear's Den Mountain to the Catoctin Ridge, a distance of fourteen miles, Dr. Mahlon Loomis, dentist, sent the first arial wireless signals, 1866-73, using kites flown by copper wires. Loomis received a patent in 1872 and his company was . . . — Map (db m1205) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — T-14 — Harry F. Byrd Sr.
Harry Flood Byrd Sr. (1887-1966), governor of Virginia (1926-1930) and U.S. senator from Virginia (1933-1965), was a conservative Democrat who led a political machine that directed state politics for four decades. As governor, he instituted . . . — Map (db m123655) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — James IrelandMinister of the Gospel
In memory of 1746 James Ireland 1806 Minister of the Gospel Born in Edinburgh, Scotland and converted in Frederick County, Va. Baptized and ordained at Sandy Creek, N.C. Imprisoned at Culpeper, Va. for preaching the gospel organizer of Baptist . . . — Map (db m18636) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J-19 — Josephine City
To improve the lives of former slaves, Ellen McCormick, widow of Edward McCormick of Clermont, established this African American community of 31 one-acre lots early in the 1870s. The lots, laid out on either side of the 16-foot-wide street that . . . — Map (db m1805) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J-19 — Josephine City
Early in the 1870's African Americans established Josephine City, a community originally composed of 31 one-acre lots lining a 16-foot-wide street. Twenty-four former slaves and free blacks purchased the lots at $100 an acre from Ellen McCormick, . . . — Map (db m85942) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J-14 — Lee’s Bivouac
Gen. Robert E. Lee bivouacked near here on 18-19 June 1863, as he began his invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania. Part of his Army of Northern Virginia marched north toward Winchester, while Lt. Gen. James Longstreet’s corps camped here with Lee. . . . — Map (db m1786) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J-20 — Long Marsh Run Rural Historic District
This 16-square-mile scenic landscape illustrates the changing patterns of rural life since the 1730s as shown in its plantations, farms, mills, churches, and African American communities. The first settlers came from various places, including New . . . — Map (db m5595) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J-43 — Lucy Diggs Slowe(4 Jul. 1883 – 21 Oct. 1837)
Lucy Slowe, educator, was born in Berryville. In 1908, while attending Howard University, she became a founding member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, the first Greek letter organization for African American women, and was elected its first . . . — Map (db m104725) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Milton Valley Cemetery
ORIGINAL STOCKHOLDERS: T.T. Brown, Coon Reed, George Blair, Samuel Robertson, Frank Randolph, Robert Hall, Howard Coxen, London Mitchell, George Tokus, Emanuel Blackburn, Joseph Thornley, Joseph Webb, Edmund Jackson, Thomas Laws Jr., Jerry . . . — Map (db m104756) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Mt. Airy Fight
Mt. Airy Fight Sept. 15, 1864 Mosby * U.S. Cavalry —— — Map (db m1838) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — T-17 — The Retreat
One and a half miles north is The Retreat, home to three distinguished generations of the Parker family. Thomas Parker, a general in the War of 1812, constructed this imposing Federal-style house in 1799. Richard Parker, his nephew, was a U.S. . . . — Map (db m75497) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — The Schools of Josephine City
In 1882, the former slaves and free colored people of this community built the Josephine City School to provide their children with a grade school education. Under the leadership of Rev. Edward Johnson, a new building was completed in 1930 to . . . — Map (db m5513) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Traveler Was Tethered on This Spot
Traveler was tethered on this spot June 21, 1863, as General Robert E. Lee paused on his march to Gettysburg. He attended services here in Grace Episcopal Church. Tablet placed by Sycamore Society 1986 Replaced by E.V. White Chapter, MOSB and Sons . . . — Map (db m1731) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Wickliffe ChurchClarke Episcopal Parish
1819 Original stone building 1846 Present brick building 1919 Chapel of Grace Church Annual homecoming service second Sunday in August — Map (db m19067) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Boyce — B-37 — Blandy Experimental Farm
In 1926, Graham F. Blandy bequeathed a 712-acre portion of his estate, The Tuleyries, to the University of Virginia to educate “boys farming in the various branches.” Beginning late in the 1920s, the two-story, century-old brick slave . . . — Map (db m1812) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Boyce — Z-121 — Clark County / Frederick County
(West Facing Side): Clark County Area 171 Square Miles Formed in 1836 from Frederick and added to from Warren. Named for George Rogers Clark, conqueror of the Northwest. Lord Fairfax and General Daniel Morgan, Revolutionary hero, lived . . . — Map (db m3483) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Boyce — Fight at Berry's Ferry
Fight At Berry's Ferry July 19, 1864 Imboden & Crook —— — Map (db m62661) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Boyce — T-3 — Greenway Court
Three miles south is Greenway Court, residence of Thomas, Sixth Lord Fairfax, proprietor of the vast Northern Neck Grant, which he inherited. Born in Leeds Castle, England, in 1693, Fairfax settled in Virginia, in 1747, for the rest of his life. He . . . — Map (db m1755) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Boyce — T-2 — Old Chapel
Lord Fairfax worshipped here in the “Old Chapel” of colonial Frederick Parish, established 1738. This stone building dates from 1790 and witnessed the early ministry (1810–1885) of Bishop Meade. Governor Edmund Randolph and Col. . . . — Map (db m1852) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Boyce — B-4 — Saratoga
A half-mile east, Revolutionary War hero Daniel Morgan began this limestone Georgian mansion in 1779 while on furlough. He named it for the Battle of Saratoga in which he had recently distinguished himself. The house was probably constructed by . . . — Map (db m1813) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Boyce — B-2 — The Briars
Two and a half miles to the northwest stands The Briars, as stuccoed stone, two-story, five-bay dwelling that was constructed around 1819 as the home of Dr. Robert Powell Page. His daughter, Mary Francis Page, married John Esten Cooke, noted . . . — Map (db m1815) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Boyce — J-21 — Town of Boyce
Boyce was established in 1880 at the intersection of the newly constructed Shenandoah Valley Railroad (now Norfolk Southern) and the road between the Shenandoah River and Winchester (formerly the Winchester and Berry's Ferry Turnpike). First known . . . — Map (db m1814) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Millwood — B-23 — Ashby’s Gap
Ashby’s Gap was named in honor of John Ashby, a leader among local pioneers and reputedly the first person to haul a hogshead of tobacco through this gap. Part of the house standing just to the south may have been erected in the 1740s by Thomas . . . — Map (db m1333) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Millwood — T-1 — Carter Hall
Col. Nathaniel Burwell, great-grandson of Robert "King" Carter, constructed Carter Hall in the mid-1790s after moving here from Tidewater Virginia. Edmund Randolph Governor of Virginia, U.S. Attorney General, and U.S. Secretary of State, died here . . . — Map (db m72942) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Millwood — Z-120 — Clark County / Fauquier County
(east-facing side) Clark County. Area 171 square miles • Formed in 1836 from Frederick and added to from Warren. Named for George Rogers Clark, conqueror of the northwest. Lord Fairfax and General Daniel Morgan, revolutionary hero, . . . — Map (db m1451) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Millwood — B-38 — Greenway Historic District
This 30-square-mile scenic landscape illustrates the evolution of a unique rural community. Unlike the rest of the Shenandoah Valley, where mostly Scots-Irish and German immigrants settled on small farms, Virginia Tidewater gentry occupied most of . . . — Map (db m1848) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Millwood — T-12 — Long Branch
This Classical Revival mansion built for Robert Carter Burwell is one of the few remaining residential works in which B. Henry Latrobe, father of the American architectural profession, played a role in design. Latrobe offered suggestions to Burwell . . . — Map (db m1817) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Millwood — T-16 — Millwood
This village developed around two late-18th-century gristmills and Nathaniel Burwell’s Carter Hall plantation, one of the preeminent estates in the area. The Burwell-Morgan Mill in the center of the village was a commercial gristmill, while the . . . — Map (db m1850) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Millwood — Mt. Carmel Fight
Mt. Carmel Fight Feb. 19, 1865 Mosby & U.S. Cavalry —— — Map (db m3486) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Millwood — B-7 — Signal Station
On the hilltop to the south stood an important signal station used by both armies, 1861-1865. — Map (db m1398) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Millwood — T-6 — The Burwell-Morgan Mill
This grist mill, built in 1782-85 by General Daniel Morgan of Saratoga and Colonel Nathaniel Burwell of Carter Hall, was in continuous operation until 1943. Now owned by the Clarke County Historical Association. — Map (db m1637) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Millwood — Vinyard Fight
Vinyard Fight Gold’s Farm Dec. 16, 1864 Mosby & US Cavalry —— — Map (db m1819) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), White Post — 1750 A.D.
This post was originally placed here by George Washington under the direction of Lord Fairfax. It was erected in 1750 as a guidepost to direct strangers and travelers on the Old Dutch Wagon Road to Greenway Court, the home of Lord Fairfax. — Map (db m1759) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), White Post — Z-123 — Clark County / Frederick County
(North Facing Side): Clark County Area 171 Square Miles Formed in 1836 from Frederick and added to from Warren. Named for George Rogers Clark, conqueror of the Northwest. Lord Fairfax and General Daniel Morgan, Revolutionary hero, lived . . . — Map (db m3481) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), White Post — J-18 — Double Tollgate
Early in the 19th century, three important roads crossed here: Nineveh Turnpike leading to Front Royal, Winchester Turnpike leading to the north, and Newton Turnpike connecting Stephens City and the Shenandoah River via the Winchester and Berrys . . . — Map (db m1751) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), White Post — Double Tollgate Fight
Double Tollgate Fight Aug. 11, 1864 Imboden & U.S. Cavalry —— — Map (db m3484) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), White Post — Greenway Court
Greenway Court Has Been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses National Significance in Commemorating the History of the United States of America 1980 Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service United States . . . — Map (db m70247) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), White Post — T-7 — White Post
The crossroads village of White Post grew up around the white-painted marker that Lord Fairfax had erected in the 1760s to point the way to Greenway Court (south), the nearby estate from which he managed his vast proprietary holdings including . . . — Map (db m1757) HM

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