“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Custer County South Dakota Historical Markers

Jedediah Strong Smith’s Route - - 1823 Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, September 6, 2015
Jedediah Strong Smith’s Route - - 1823 Marker
South Dakota (Custer County), Buffalo Gap — 469 — Jedediah Strong Smith’s Route - - 1823
First white man in the Black Hills, this courageous and brawny beaver trapper in 1823 led a dozen Mountain Men from Fort Kiowa to the Yellowstone. His party entered the Black Hills via the old bison trail through Buffalo Gap near here. Born in . . . — Map (db m89396) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — A Legacy of DebateDid the Gold Rush Forever Tarnish the Black Hills?
Between 1874-1876, thousands of citizens illegally entered the Black Hills in search of gold. Every gold panner, newspaper article, and frontier story told of great wealth and encouraged the onslaught of the region. The military made vain efforts . . . — Map (db m121400) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — An Agreement Between CulturesThe Fort Laramie Treaty Created the Great Sioux Reservation
Cultural conflicts erupted across the western Great Plains during the 1860s. Expanding railroads and frontier posts located in traditional hunting grounds impacted the various tribes in the northern plains. Restrictions on westward settlement . . . — Map (db m121397) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — An Expedition of Mixed OutcomesThe Custer Expedition of 1874 Ignited Interest in the Black Hills
An economic crash in 1873 affected the entire nation. The government, pressured to boost the economy, needed to explore new land. Open land for settlement and rich resources would create markets and new jobs. George A. Custer and his . . . — Map (db m121398) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Anna Donna Tallent
In Memory of Anna Donna Tallent Teacher and Author. Born in New York State April 12, 1827. Died in Sturgis, S. Dakota February 13, 1901. The first white woman to enter the Black Hills. Arriving in Custer City in December . . . — Map (db m121457) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Campsite of General Custer's ExpeditionAugust 1 - 6, 1874
This picturesque valley was the site of the permanent camp of the Black Hills Expedition of 1874 under the command of General George A. Custer of the 7th Cavalry. Their 5 day stay was the longest stop made during the entire expedition and General . . . — Map (db m45353) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Civilian Conservation Corps Camp
Camp F-14 Lightning Creek: located 0.7 mile NW on road 288. Companies: 1783V--10/17/33-Spring 34 791--4/30/34-Fall 41 The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that gave jobless men work renovating abused . . . — Map (db m34296) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — 516 — Civilian Conservation Corps CampCamp SP-3 / Camp Narrows — French Creek
Camp SP-3 (DSP-1 in 1934): NE 2 miles, end of CSP road on French Creek. Company: 2757 - 7/28/34-10/1/41. The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal work-relief program during the Great Depression. From 1933 to 1942, the CCC provided work for . . . — Map (db m124589) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Comanche Park
Comanche, an Indian mustang ridden by Captain Keogh, Seventh U.S. Cavalry, was named for the Comanche Indians, from whom he was captured. The buckskin horse proved dependable under fire and was ridden by Keogh during the ill-fated Battle of . . . — Map (db m125088) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Custer County CourthouseDakota Territory, 1881
This property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m120000) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Frontier Protection
. . . — Map (db m119995) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Horace N. Ross
Dedicated to the memory of Horace N. Ross Discoverer of Gold in the Black Hills at Custer, So. Dak. July 27th, 1874 — Map (db m119996) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Jasper Fire
Breaking the Records On August 24, 2000, a carelessly dropped match started what would become the largest fire in the recorded history of South Dakota. By the time the inferno finished its race through the forest, it had consumed 83,508 . . . — Map (db m37093) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Jasper vs. JewelSeeking Answers to Questions About Caves and Wildfires
The Jasper Fire started on August 24, 2000. It burned over 83,000 acres. This includes the entire surface above known parts of Jewel Cave. Will such a large, intense wildfire affect this unique national treasure? Now is our chance to find out. . . . — Map (db m37095) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Life in a Prairie Dog TownWind Cave National Park
Whether they know it or not, black-tailed prairie dogs are wildlife managers. These ground squirrels are intricately connected to numerous plant and animal species and play a key role in the health and stability of the prairie. The eating . . . — Map (db m71076) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Miners Meet 1875
Historic Site Miners Meet The miners of the Black Hills held their first meeting to pass mining regulations at this location in 1875 — Map (db m119986) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Prescribed FireAn Important Tool to Tame Wildfire
Did you notice that this forest burned? Some areas show no signs of fire. Blackened tree skeletons tell of crown fire in other areas. This is a typical burn mosaic of a western wildfire. How did the visitor center and nearby trees survive? Fire . . . — Map (db m37096) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Prospectors in Search of GoldThe Gordon Party Prompted an Illegal Invasion of the Black Hills
Spurred by rumors of gold, many prospector groups attempted to enter the Black Hills in the 1870s. Without regard to the Fort Laramie Treaty, they planned to enter the region and exploit the untapped wealth. A group of 28 people headed west from . . . — Map (db m121399) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — Stockade Lake Bridge
Originally Constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Completed in April 1937 South Dakota National Guard Completed in August 1988 The Bridge is 76 feet, 4 inches long and 26 feet wide. Three spans, each constructed of 10 . . . — Map (db m121402) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — The Hearst HighwayDedicated to the memory of
George Hearst (1820-1891) United States Senator, mining engineer, sportsman, speculator. Starting with nothing, he developed three of the fabled mines in the American West -- The Ophir, the Anaconda, and the Homestake -- and founded one of the . . . — Map (db m34580) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Custer — The Needles EyeOne Rock Formation Offers Millions of Stories
Geology provides the foundation of scenery in the Black Hills. From rocky outcroppings to towering spires, the northern portion of Custer State Park highlights the essence of the central core. The central core is a region of rocks mainly . . . — Map (db m34626) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Fairburn — The Buffalo Corrals
Commonly called "buffalo", bison (Bison bison) are North America's largest land mammal, and one of Custer State Park's most valuable resources. Sometimes called "Lord of the Plains" the buffalo is a unique animal. A mature bull can stand up to six . . . — Map (db m45354) HM
South Dakota (Custer County), Hermosa — Hermosa, South Dakota G.A.R. Cannons
These historical cannons stood in front of Dr. Mudd's cell on the Dry Tortugas Key West, Fla. Donated to Wm Stanley Post No. 148 G.A.R-SD by the Government Oct. 11, 1901 T.L. Monaghan, Adjt. J.G. Baker, Comdt. Address by Col. W.V. . . . — Map (db m113158) HM WM
South Dakota (Custer County), Keystone — 536 — The Pigtail Bridges
In 1932, Cecil Clyde Gideon, forged ahead with the design of the Pigtail Bridges when many felt it couldn’t be done. C.C., as he was called, was a pioneer in the Black Hills, making his mark as a master builder, architect, craftsman, lawman, highway . . . — Map (db m89460) HM

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