Pilot Butte was a beacon for travelers.
On a day sometime in the year 1813, and Indian lookout, from one of several tribes summering in this vicinity, might have “hiked the butte” and from here observed an exploration party . . . — — Map (db m63090) HM
Honoring the men and women of Bend who have served, are serving and will serve to defend our freedom during times of peace and war. Remembering the POW, the MIA, and those named below who have made the supreme sacrifice. They will not be forgotten. . . . — — Map (db m113347) WM
To supply the lumber mills with logs, entire mobile towns were created in the woods to house the men and their families who cut down the trees. The towns were movable camps conveyed by railroad cars. From 1916, these temporary towns, or logging . . . — — Map (db m113935) HM
Geologists say the volcanic activity of this area occurred less than 6000 years ago. Lava which exuded from the south side of this butte flowed to the west and blocked the Deschutes River, deflecting it from its former channel. This formed the . . . — — Map (db m68673) HM
(Marker #1) Welcome LAVA RIVER CAVE is one of Oregon's longest (5466 feet) uncollapsed lava tubes. About 100,000 years ago, this conduit carried 2000° F. (1100° C.) lava from an upslope vent to lower areas on the flanks of the Newberry . . . — — Map (db m92909)
The bustling marketplace you see today, filled with shops, theaters, restaurants, entertainment and recreation was once the site of the largest pine sawmills in the country.
Back in the 1920s, they were busy, noisy and dusty mills, each . . . — — Map (db m113931) HM
Trees were felled in the woods and hauled to the Deschutes River where they floated downstream to the mills.
The final steps of this log-to-lumber journey occurred as the wet lumber, known as green wood, exited the mill on the green chain.
As . . . — — Map (db m113933) HM
Construction of the Old Post Office established the presence of the federal government in this area.
It was a project of the Public Buildings Program, a federal agency created by President Herbert Hoover.
As one of the first buildings with . . . — — Map (db m113264) HM
This complex ecosystem nurtures a variety of plants and animals.
Vast, sage-covered plains begin at the eastern foot of the Pilot Butte and stretch dramatically to the east and south. This is Oregons fabled “High Desert”. The . . . — — Map (db m63094) HM
This cableway was installed in 1905 by the United States Geological Survey to measure the river's flow.
Today instruments sense and record the elevation of the water surface.
This information is relayed by satellite into computers of water . . . — — Map (db m114253) HM
You may already know about pipelines. Oil, water and gas, chemicals, medicine and food flow to us through pipes and tubes. Pipelines are a naturally efficient way to move fluid from one place to another. Nature constructs marvelous . . . — — Map (db m92910)
Huge trees were felled in the woods and the logs were transported by railroad to town. They were then dropped into the Deschutes River to await their turn in the mill. The river was a perfect storage place for the logs. The natural flow of the . . . — — Map (db m113936) HM
In the beginning...there were old growth trees.
The small community, first called Farewell Bend from the nearby big bend in the Deschutes River, could have been called “Pilot Butte” if the 1901 recommendation of Postmaster William . . . — — Map (db m63089) HM
From the woods to the Deschutes River, the log was hoisted by the bull chain into the mill from the river to the log deck.
It was then directed to the band saw in one of the three head rigs, where the process began.
It was the head sawyer's . . . — — Map (db m113919) HM
The mills may be gone, but their legacy is apparent all around us. The lumber companies spurred Bend's growth and they helped a lot of folks raise their families in this area. Today we see evidence of Mill B every time we look at the three iconic . . . — — Map (db m113932) HM
Where people lived near obsidian, their lives and cultures were transformed. They used and celebrated the glassy gift of volcanoes to manufacture tools, weapons, jewelry, sculptures, and ceremonial objects. To ancient Central American people, the . . . — — Map (db m72437) HM
The furnaces of the earth brought spectacular change to this land 1300 years ago. A new, rough, glassy environment offered a harsh home for the heartiest plants and animals. Past cultures prized the shiny black rock for their survival. Today, the . . . — — Map (db m72434)
This majestic pine is the biggest of its species ever recorded. It was a giant before the Oregon Territory was established, enduring centuries of fire, insects, disease, and human impact.
Recently half of its crown was lost to weather, . . . — — Map (db m114266) HM
The entire surface of this remarkable flow is glass, a liquid that cooled without crystallizing. The striking differences you see from rock to rock are due to the number and size of bubbles.
Why is everything glass?
Whether natural or . . . — — Map (db m72435)
First came a violent eruption of pumice and ash. Then glassy lava oozed from the ground.
1 Magma Chamber
From deep hot regions, liquid rock called magma accumulated in a chamber 2 to 4 miles (3 to 6 km) below the . . . — — Map (db m72436)
The hotel was built in 1912 by local businessman and Spanish American War veteran John Dennis. Hot and cold water was available to each of the original 19 guest rooms, and every room was supplied with heat from a hot air furnace located in the . . . — — Map (db m113631) HM
You are standing on the shore of a lake that may seem old but in geologic terms was formed yesterday. Fish Lake continues to change, seasonally and through the decades.
Around three thousand years ago an eruption of Nash Crater formed Fish Lake . . . — — Map (db m70950)
Welcome to historic Fish Lake.
Now a quiet and peaceful place, it was once filled with the hustle and bustle of people working and traveling across the Cascades.
Nearby is the Fish Lake Remount Depot which has been in continuous use as a . . . — — Map (db m62025) HM
Peter Skene Ogden was born at Quebec in 1794. He explored Central Oregon for the Hudson's Bay Company in 1825 and in December of that year discovered Crooked River not far from this spot. He died at Oregon City in 1854.
Land for this park was . . . — — Map (db m80487) HM