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Gallatin County Montana Historical Markers

 
Bozeman Pass Marker image, Touch for more information
By Rev. Ronald Irick, July 14, 2016
Bozeman Pass Marker
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Bozeman Pass
Sacajawea, the Shoshone woman who guided portions of the Lewis and Clark Expedition led Captain Wm. Clark and his party of ten men over an old buffalo road through this pass on July 15, 1806. They were eastward bound and planned to explore the . . . — Map (db m98290) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Bozeman Veterans MemorialMontana Department of Transportation
Honoring all our brothers and sisters who have served, are serving, or will serve in the defense of our Nation — Map (db m98453) WM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — First People in the Gallatin ValleyTo the Headwaters
For centuries distant and diverse tribes visited the Gallatin Valley to hunt. They stampeded buffalo over cliffs during the "dog days" before the acquisition of horses and guns. They hunted animals for food, clothing and shelter. They also mined . . . — Map (db m29075) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Fort EllisTo the Headwaters
Conflicts along the Bozeman Trail between Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians and settlers escalated with the establishment of forts along the route in 1866. After Indians killed John Bozeman, in the Yellowstone Valley in 1867, the . . . — Map (db m29079) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Fort Ellis
Established as a military post August 27, 1867 by order of President Andrew Johnson and General U.S. Grant the post was abandoned in December 1886

Captain Wm. Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition encamped here July 14, 1806 with his . . . — Map (db m98279) HM

Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Fur TradeTo the Headwaters
An abundance of beaver encouraged Corps of Discovery members John Colter and John Potts to return to the headwaters. In 1808, Blackfeet Indians killed Potts in a confrontation and stripped Colter bare, giving him a chance to run for his life. In one . . . — Map (db m29077) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Lewis and ClarkTo the Headwaters
Lewis and Clark's Corps of Discovery reached the headwaters of the Missouri River and named the three tributaries in July, 1805. With great difficulty the Corps of Discovery fought rapids and troublesome mosquitoes as they pulled their boats . . . — Map (db m29072) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Pioneer Museum(Old County Jail) — Gallatin County Historical Society
The Pioneer Museum, located next to the Gallatin County Courthouse at 317 West Main, was the former County jail. Along with many museum exhibits showcasing the history of Gallatin County is an Historical Research Library. The photo archives, and one . . . — Map (db m29085) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — The Bozeman Trail
On July 14, 1806 Captain William Clark accompanied by 11 members of the expedition party camped about a mile east of here on the flat at the mouth of Kelly Canyon. The next day, Sacajawea guided the party up the canyon on an old buffalo trail to a . . . — Map (db m98296) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Trail Through TimeTo the Headwaters
First Peoples utilized the valley for over 11,000 years before the arrival of Lewis & Clark, and the others that would follow. Trails brought cattle and homesteaders to an agricultural paradise. The military followed, defending settlers, consuming . . . — Map (db m29084) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Bozeman — Valley of OpportunityTo the Headwaters
Settlers came to the Gallatin Valley on the heels of the first Montana gold strike at Grasshopper Creek near Bannack, Montana, in 1862. As Meriwether Lewis had predicted, farmers found the valley well suited for agriculture. They planted crops and . . . — Map (db m29078) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Colter’s Run
One of Montana’s most amazing historical events occurred near here in 1809. In September of that year, John Colter and John Potts, former Lewis and Clark Expedition members, were trapping beaver on the Jefferson River near the headwaters when a . . . — Map (db m98317) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Colter’s RunThe Second Marker — The Headwaters of the Missouri 1808
The Headwaters Region was the setting for the legend of Colter’s Run 1808 In the fall of 1808 John Colter and John Potts, both former members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, were trapping on the Jefferson River. Angered by previous . . . — Map (db m98438) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Gallatin CityFirst and Second
The original townsite of Gallatin City, north of here on the west side of the combined Madison and Jefferson Rivers, was selected in 1862. In Feb., 1863 sixty cabins were being constructed. The river was forded when it was low and a ferry was . . . — Map (db m127042) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Gallatin City Hotel - 1868
Built by Jarvis Akin, the Hotel was originally a one-room building of hand-hewn logs. It was the center of Gallatin City's social life; travelers sometimes complained of not being able to sleep because of the ruckus. As the town died, the Hotel . . . — Map (db m127043) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Jefferson’s Instructions to Lewis and ClarkJuly 4th, 1803
“The object of your mission is to explore the Missouri river, & such principle stream of it, as, by its course & communication with the waters of the Pacific ocean… may offer the most direct & practicable water communication across . . . — Map (db m99217) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Lewis and Clark reach the HeadwatersJuly 25 & July 27, 1805
You are standing at the headwaters of the great Missouri River. The Jefferson and Madison Rivers converge with the Gallatin joining one mile downstream to become the Missouri River. Here, the famed explorers accomplished a major goal of their . . . — Map (db m73542) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Missouri River Headwaters
Approx.. 2 miles north on the Trident Road (#286) is the confluence of the Jefferson and Madison Rivers. A mile further downstream you can view the Gallatin River merging to form the headwaters of the Missouri River, the longest U.S. river. . . . — Map (db m99206) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Roll of HonorThree Forks Portland Cement Co. — World War II
Lewis Aldrich • Clarence Bauer • Alvin Doag • Claude Burrell William Burkett • Raymond Callagean • Lloyd Coleman • Boyd Collins Eugene Collins • Clifton Edwards • Paul Gates • Robert Hale Grover Hayes • Wesley Helland • Kenneth Hoffman • William . . . — Map (db m126997) WM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — SacajaweaIn Patriotic Memory of
In Patriotic Memory of Sacajawea an Indian woman whose heroic courage steadfast devotion and splendid loyalty in acting as guide across the Rocky Mountand made it possible for the Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804- 1806 to occupy so . . . — Map (db m98495) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Sacajawea“Coming Home”
This statue was erected to commemorate Sacajawea and the Bicentennial of the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1803- 1806. She was a member of the Corps of Discovery and was invaluable as an interpreter in obtaining horses from her Shoshone people, . . . — Map (db m98496) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Second Gallatin City1865-1880's
In front of you is the site of Gallatin City, 1865-1880's. After it became obvious that steamboats could not operate economically from Fort Benton to the Headwaters, the town was relocated from the north side of the river to this location. Sitting . . . — Map (db m126990) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — The Log CabinThis cabin is an excellent example of the pioneer’s construction techniques
Log cabins were introduced to North America by the Swedes and Germans. Because they were easy to build and made use of readily available materials, log cabins became the most common building on the frontier. This cabin has dovetail notches and . . . — Map (db m127044) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — The Naming of a RiverThe Headwaters of the Missouri River
Many nations traveled and lived along these banks, giving their own names to the river. “Missouri” is the official name given by the U.S. Geological Survey. It dates back to French explorer Jacques Marquette’s journal and 1673 map of . . . — Map (db m99215) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — The Three Forks of the Missouri
This region was alive with beaver, otter and game before the white man came. It was disputed hunting territory with the Indian tribes. Sacajawea, the Shoshone squaw who guided portions of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, was captured near here when a . . . — Map (db m126978) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Thomas-Frederick Flour MillScattered about this area are the remnants of the…
The Thomas-Frederick Mill was one of two built in the Gallatin Valley during the 1860’s to process locally-grown grains and to guarantee a reliable supply of flour and meal. Flour from here was freighted regularly to the gold camps of Helena, . . . — Map (db m127045) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Trident
In 1908 construction began on Montana’s first cement manufacturing facility. In May 1910, the first cement was shipped to a hardware store in Missoula, Montana. The company-owned village of Trident was built before the plant was completed and at its . . . — Map (db m126996) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Veterans ParkThree Forks
Dedicated to all the men and women of the Headwaters Area, who gave of themselves while serving in our armed forces in times of war and peace — Map (db m98451) WM
Montana (Gallatin County), Three Forks — Welcome to Parker Homestead State Park
The Montana soil is swallowing hundreds of old homestead buildings like this one. Each takes with it untold stories of men and women whose lives brought them drought and blizzards, loneliness and companionship, fear and simple joys, much like we . . . — Map (db m127000) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — A Leap Just in Time
I've been a pretty tough old bird, but I wouldn’t want to go through that again! Grace Miller August 1959

Survival Tactics

Seventy-something-year-old Grace Miller was a self-professed “tough old bird.” When she found . . . — Map (db m114166) HM

Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Earthquake Lake Geologic Area
On August 17, 1959, this area was hit with the most devastating modern geologic disaster in the Rocky Mountains. An earthquake of a magnitude 7.5 on the Richter scale violently shook the earth, triggering a massive landslide, large surface cracks . . . — Map (db m113832) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Geologists' Dream
Geologists Irving J. Witkind and Jack Epstein had uncanny timing on the night of August 17, 1959 the two U.S. Geological Survey scientists were camped on a small knoll above Hebgen Lake when their camp trailers began to bounce “like . . . — Map (db m113724) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Hebgen Lake and Quake Lake
By 1898 a 10-foot wide road was built through the Gallatin Canyon to Taylors Fork and the park line. In 1911 a crude, narrow wagon road went to "Yellowstone" (West Yellowstone), 90 miles from the county seat at Bozeman. In 1926, the road was . . . — Map (db m113833) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — 10 — Oregon Short Line 1903Rail Car
Named for the year it was built, the Oregon Short Line 1903 was constructed for $16,685 as an executive rail car for the Vice President of the Union Pacific. In reference to E.H. Harriman's Presidential rail car, the Arden, which was built in 1900, . . . — Map (db m123346) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — 4 — Oregon Shortline TerminusWest Yellowstone Historic District
In 1905 Union Pacific officials began construction of a branch line in the pine-forested wilderness from Ashton, Idaho, to the western edge of Yellowstone Park. As the final tracks were laid in 1907, Samuel P. Eagle, Alex Stuart, Charles Arnet and . . . — Map (db m123342) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Sleep InterruptedOn The Fringe Of Disaster
August 17, 1959: performer Bobbi Baker was on her way to a gig in Billings, Montana when she stopped at the Hilgard Lodge for the night. Just as she settled into bed, she heard a “huge rush of wind” and the cabin began to shake . . . — Map (db m116142) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Snowed In!
Prior to 1936, the roads leading from West Yellowstone were not plowed during the winter months, isolating the town from the rest of the world. Even the Train Stopped Running The Union Pacific Railroad provided passenger service to West . . . — Map (db m126999) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Something is terribly wrong
Something is Terribly Wrong

Fourteen-year-old Darwin Steffler was in bed in his family’s lakeside lodge about 5.5 miles east of here, when he felt the earthquake strike. After checking on his little brothers, he race through the darkened . . . — Map (db m114157) HM

Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — Southern Gallatin County
This basin was settled by ranchers and homesteaders. Bannock Indians had encampments here as late as 1913. Near here is the west entrance to Yellowstone Park, the nation’s first National Park(1872). West Yellowstone was founded in 1908 with the . . . — Map (db m100066) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — The Lake that TiltedStories of Narrow Escapes
Imagine what it was like... A lake that tipped...a woman who leaped from her home just in time...a performer who didn't let an earthquake stop her...cabins swallowed by waves that came out of nowhere...a highway that vanished...

Here at . . . — Map (db m114161) HM

Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — The Night the Earth CrackedThe Stuff of Fairy Tales
A quiet August night in a popular Forest Service campground just below Hebgen Dam. Nearby Cabin Creek murmurs softly, and the moon filters through the pines. Abruptly, the ground trembles, then jolts...then with a roar a crack appears, . . . — Map (db m116506) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — The Night’s Peace Was Shattered
It began as an idyllic August night. A full moon soared quietly over Yellowstone country. Along Hebgen Lake and the Madison River, campgrounds and vacation cabins were full to capacity, and scores of families were camped by the . . . — Map (db m113576) HM
Montana (Gallatin County), West Yellowstone — 1 — Union Pacific Identification Pylon
This Property Contributes To The West Yellowstone Oregon Shortline Terminus Historic District Listed In The National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of Interior In Cooperation With The . . . — Map (db m103600) HM

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