“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Galveston County Texas Historical Markers

290 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 90
Alta Loma Marker image, Touch for more information
By Jim Evans, February 9, 2012
Alta Loma Marker
Texas (Galveston County), Alta Loma — 9919 — Alta Loma
Traveling west from the Gulf of Mexico the land rises gradually and becomes Alta Loma (Spanish for high land) in this area of Galveston County. In 1893 the Alta Loma Investment and Improvement Company platted a townsite here along a Gulf, Colorado & . . . — Map (db m52466) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Alta Loma — 7492 — Hitchcock Depot
According to local oral tradition, the Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe Railroad (GCSF) gained a vital right-of-way through Emily Hitchcock's property in 1875 by agreeing to establish a depot named for her deceased husband, Lent Munson Hitchcock. GCSF . . . — Map (db m52485) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Alta Loma — 7439 — Original Site of First Baptist Church of Alta Loma
Oldest church in Alta Loma; second oldest Baptist church on Galveston mainland. Organized on Nov. 10, 1895, in a local hotel; 26 charter members. Established Arcadia Baptist Church, 1945. Purchased "U. S. S. Houston" Memorial Chapel, 1946. . . . — Map (db m52464) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Arcadia — 9923 — Arcadia Christian Church
The town of Arcadia was established on the Gulf, Colorado, and Santa Fe Railroad in 1890. This church was organized in 1894 and represents the oldest surviving church in the community. Initial services were held by the Rev. T. Patterson in a . . . — Map (db m137276) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Arcadia — 7436 — Evergreen Cemetery
In 1890 Henry J. Runge laid out the town of Arcadia at the site of a railroad depot on the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railroad near here known as Hall's Station. Sometime between 1890 and 1897, Evergreen Cemetery was established to serve the . . . — Map (db m50113) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Baycliff — 12450 — Site of Clifton-By-The-Sea
Established in 1910 through the partnership of area landowners G. C. Perkins and W. Y. Fuqua, Clifton-by-the-Sea is a reminder of the era in which prosperity returned to Galveston County following the devastating 1900 storm. Developed as a bayside . . . — Map (db m59595) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Bolivar Peninsula — 7544 — Point Bolivar
Headquarters for Long's Expedition which attempted to free Texas from Spanish rule in 1819. Named in honor of Simon Bolivar (1783-1830), leader in the Spanish-American War for independence. Here Mrs. Long and a small group remained until news of her . . . — Map (db m34880) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Dickinson — 12744 — Faith United Methodist Church
This congregation grew from the merger of two historically African-American Methodist congregations in Dickinson and League City. The first, Warren Chapel, was named for its founder, Richard H. Warren, who preached at the homes of Sophie Monroe and . . . — Map (db m59821) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Dickinson — 7446 — First United Methodist Churchof Dickinson
In 1876 a group of Methodists led by the Rev. P.E. Nicholson began meeting in private homes in the Dickinson area. In 1885 a frame building was erected for use as a church and school. The Dickinson congregation does not appear in official . . . — Map (db m51780) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Dickinson — 13612 — Holy Trinity Episcopal Church
In the fall of 1899, a small group of Episcopalians living in Dickinson petitioned the Rt. Rev. George H. Kinsolving, Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Texas, to send a priest to minister to them. Bishop Kinsolving sent the Rev. A.J. Burnett, . . . — Map (db m51391) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Dickinson — 7431 — The Dickinson Station of the Galveston, Houston, & Henderson Railroad Co.
Chartered by the State of Texas on February 7, 1853, the Galveston, Houston, and Henderson Railroad was the first railroad to reach the Texas Coast. A trestle was built across Galveston Bay in 1859, and passenger and freight service was initiated . . . — Map (db m51341) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — 259 — Cecil and Frances Brown House
Designed by Houston architect Henry A. Stubee and built in 1938, this was the home of local civic, church, and business leader Cecil Brown and his wife Frances. Both were from pioneer Quaker families. Mr. Brown was prominent in the Gulf Coast fig . . . — Map (db m53113) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — Fig Preserving Plant1924
Figs, the life's blood of Friendswood 1910 to circa 1956, were preserved and shipped from this Fig Preserving Plant. This business, opened in 1924 at this site by Quaker Cecil Brown, (son of the founder) was neither the first nor the last local . . . — Map (db m98446) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — First BusinessHadley General Merchandise — 1907 —
Friendswood's first business a small, general merchandise store, what opened on this site in 1907 by a Quaker from Lowell, Kansas, Cyrus J. Hadley. He and his wife, Elvira, made stables available to the community. Prior to Hadley's store, folks sent . . . — Map (db m98898) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — First Home and First Family1895
The Frank J. Brown Family, along with the Thomas Hadley Lewis Family, Co-founded this Quaker Settlement in the spring of 1895. By August, Brown had hauled lumber from Alvin and was personally constructing his home on this 10-acre site for his wife . . . — Map (db m98910) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — 13583 — Friends Church Cemetery
In 1895, six families left the disbanded Quaker settlement of Estacado in the Lubbock area and moved to Galveston County. Here, they established the community of Friendswood, named in honor of their faith and association with the Society of Friends, . . . — Map (db m53112) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — 7455 — Friendswood
This community was founded in 1895 by a group of Friends (Quakers) led by F. J. Brown and T. H. Lewis. They acquired the land from J. C. League and named the settlement Friendswood. From the very beginning, church and school were central to the . . . — Map (db m50156) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — Friendswood Postal Service1899
In 1899 Friendswood recieved postal service. That year 22 year old widow Flora Knode was appointed postmaster, and residents picked up mail from her home. In 1904 Quaker Charles E. Hoover and family moved here from West Branch, Iowa. In 1906 he . . . — Map (db m98450) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — Main Street Fig OrchardsEarly 1900s
Beginning about 1910 figs were grown on thousands of acres in a nine-county area 150 miles along the Gulf Coast from Winnie to Bay City and 50 miles inland. That included Friendswood where fig orchards, 5 acres to 500 acres lined the main street and . . . — Map (db m98896) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — Oldest Structure Remaining1903
The Nathan and Mary Perry home here at 109 W. Spreading Oaks is the oldest structure remaining from the Quaker Settlement era. No photo of the house has been found. (Old timers memories were called upon to provide data for the restoration.) The . . . — Map (db m97592) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — Quaker AcademyThe Very Heart of Friendswood — 1902-1949 —
As Quakers moved westward across America and the end of the 19th century, it was customary to construct an Academy to provide a site for worship and the education of their youth. Constructed by local men, using lumber they milled from trees downed . . . — Map (db m97608) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Friendswood — 7437 — The Fig Industry In Friendswood
Friendswood was established as a Quaker colony by Frank J. Brown and Thomas H. Lewis in 1895. Among the colony's early settlers was former Kansas farmer Nereus Stout. Stout became a highly acclaimed horticulturist and is believed to be the first . . . — Map (db m98447) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — "Ducky's Beach"
Dedicated in memory of F.M. “Ducky” Prendergast July 31, 1908 - October 29, 2002 Native Galvestonian Beach Entrepreneur Lifeguard for Life Ducky Prendergast was one of Galveston’s original professional . . . — Map (db m90257) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7539 — "Old Red"(Ashbel Smith Building)
First, and originally the only, building of University of Texas Medical Branch. Master architect Nicholas J. Clayton designed the massive Romanesque structure. It was dedicated October 5, 1891. Although rooms were almost devoid of equipment, . . . — Map (db m90111) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 8240 — "The Cradle"
Building in which in 1891 Misses Betty Ballinger and Hally Bryan founded the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, a society for historical preservation. This Victorian structure was then library of "The Oaks," family home of the founders, who . . . — Map (db m59424) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — [Galveston County] 1901-1965
After 1900 the Port of Galveston emerged as the second largest in the United States. Following completion of a deep water channel to Texas City in 1904, the mainland’s major petroleum petro-chemical plants, tin smelter and allied industries, had . . . — Map (db m50098) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — [Galveston County] Early History
General Xavier Mina, hoping to establish a settlement at what is now the Galveston County mainland, arrived and set up breastworks at Virginia Point in 1816. Between 1815 and 1817, three leaders of expeditions against Spanish Mexico, Mina, . . . — Map (db m143811) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11567 — SS Selma
Steel shortages during World War I led the U.S. to build experimental concrete ships, the largest of which was the SS Selma, today partially submerged in Galveston Bay and visible from this site. It was built in Mobile, Alabama, and named to . . . — Map (db m127633) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7513 — 1871 Thomas Jefferson League Building
The Strand, known as "Wall Street of the Southwest," served as the central business district of early Galveston. A fire, set in 1869 to cover a robbery at Cohn Brothers, a clothing emporium, burned a mile wide area. It began at this site, once . . . — Map (db m65061) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 1894 Grand Opera House
Designed by Frank Cox of New Orleans, this Romanesque revival structure served as an opera house, hotel, and restaurant when it opened for its first season in 1895. Converted to a movie theater in the 1920s, it was restored in the 1970s and 1980s to . . . — Map (db m26968) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7531 — A. Wilkins Miller Cottage
A. Wilkins Miller had this residence built by Galveston contractor R.B. Garnett in 1895. As president of Miller & Vidor Lumber Co., one of the largest in the state, Miller was responsible for the growth of the timber industry in much of southeast . . . — Map (db m51226) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 9917 — Adriance-Springer House
This house was built in 1914 for the family of businessman John Adriance, who was instrumental in Galveston's early development. It was sold in 1929 to business and civic leader Oscar Springer, whose family continued to live here until 1960. . . . — Map (db m137983) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 17947 — Albertson Home
This historic house was built in 1870 by Charles Albertson in the Lost Bayou section of the current San Jacinto historical district. Albertson was a cotton buyer active in Galveston until 1900. The great storm of 1900 left the house seriously . . . — Map (db m143621) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 9920 — American National Insurance Company
Founded in 1905 by Galveston business pioneer W. L. Moody, Jr. (1865-1954), American National opened for business on third floor of the Moody Building at 22nd and Strand streets in Galveston. At that time the home office staff numbered ten. By 1912, . . . — Map (db m55628) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Armour & Company Building1916
When Galveston was founded in 1836, this entire city block was set aside for use by the Republic of Texas as the site of a customs house. Gail Borden, the inventor of condensed milk, was the first Collector of Customs for the Republic in Galveston. . . . — Map (db m130423) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 9924 — Ashton Villa, 1859
Mediterranean style architecture. European materials. Confederate and Federal headquarters in Civil War. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1967 — Map (db m56219) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 58 — Baden-Sproule House
Designed by noted Galveston architect Nicholas J. Clayton, this house was built in 1899 by Ida B. Baden on land once known as Thomas Borden's farm. West Island landowner John D. Settle sold Miss Baden the land and assisted her in the architectural . . . — Map (db m59425) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Battle of Galveston
As part of the Union blockade of the Texas coast, Commander W. B. Renshaw led his small fleet into Galveston harbor to demand the surrender of this most important Texas port on October 4, 1862. Largely unguarded, as it was considered indefensible, . . . — Map (db m36154) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Beach InvertebratesDiscover Nature at the Beach
Animals without backbones are called invertebrates. Standing on the beach, wading in the surf, or swimming in the waters, you can encounter many varieties of Gulf invertebrates such as sand dollars, jellyfish, snails, crabs, and shrimp. Sand . . . — Map (db m90648)
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Berlocher Row1858
One of the earliest commercial blocks in Galveston, this row of three three-story brick buildings was constructed for John Berlocher by builder John Brown. The easternmost building, 2309 Mechanic, was erected in 1858. The westernmost, 2315 Mechanic, . . . — Map (db m127493) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11572 — Bernard Moore Temple(November 4, 1843 - October 5, 1901)
Virginia-born B. M. Temple served in the Confederate army during the Civil War (1861-1865), then moved west to begin a noted career in civil engineering. As Chief Engineer for the Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe Railroad, 1879-1884, he . . . — Map (db m127583) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Bernardo de Galvez1746-1786
Supported the American Revolution by defeating the British along the Gulf Coast. He had Texas Longhorn cattle driven to Louisiana to aid his campaign - thus giving Texas a connection with the American Revolution. — Map (db m71154) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 13815 — Best-Lucas House
Catherine Best purchased this site in February 1866. In July of that year, sister-in-law Anne Best, wife of Louis Best, bought the improved lot from Catherine and her husband, William, a carpenter by trade. More improvements had been made by 1871, . . . — Map (db m140049) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 12810 — Boddeker House
The son of German immigrants, Joseph Boddeker came to Galveston with his parents about 1850. After service in the Civil War, he worked as a riverboat pilot and purchased this lot for his family home in the 1870s. When the original Boddeker House was . . . — Map (db m140061) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 261 — Burial Site of David G. Burnet (1788-1870)Provisional President of Texas (March 16, 1836 - Oct. 22, 1836)
A man of strong principle who carried a gun in one pocket and a Bible in the other, Burnet acted as a cohesive force in the chaotic days of early Texas independence, though his dour, quick-tempered disposition kept him from ever winning wide . . . — Map (db m127628) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7527 — C. F. Marschner Building
Erected in 1905-06 by local contractor Otto Haase, this building housed the Texas Bottling Works and the family residence of C. F. and Marie Marschner. Shortly before the completion of the building, C. F. Marschner died. His widow inherited the . . . — Map (db m55632) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Campeche / Galveston IslandThe Galveston Bay Foundation’s Drive & Discover Galveston Bay Trail
Discover Nature at the Beach ... the Shoreline You stand at the shoreline of a sandy 30-mile long barrier island, one of several that edge the Texas Coast and help protect the mainland from the sea. Straight ahead of you, across . . . — Map (db m90650)
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7449 — Captain William S. Fisher
Born in Virginia. Captain of a company at San Jacinto, 1836 and in command of the Mier Expedition, 1842. Died in Galveston in 1845. — Map (db m127598) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 17278 — Carl and Hilda Biehl House
In 1902, Galveston was still recovering from the most devastating hurricane in recorded history. Many buildings were badly damaged, including the house at 1416 Broadway. In the early 1900s, Carl Christian Biehl immigrated to Galveston from Germany. . . . — Map (db m138002) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 107 — Carmelo "Charles" Bertolino(September 4, 1887 - March 8, 1960)
Born in Galveston in 1887, Carmelo Bertolino was the son of Salvatore Bertolino (d.1891) and Rosalia Trapani Bertolino (d.1942), who immigrated to Texas from Palermo, Italy in the early 1880s. Salvatore Bertolino drowned in Galveston Bay when . . . — Map (db m51271) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7182 — Catherine Isabel Cox Sherman
Wife of General Sidney Sherman Born April 27, 1815 Died January 20, 1865 — Map (db m127533) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Central Wharf1840
In early Galveston much of the waterfront activity centered around these wharves. In 1854, the Galveston wharves were consolidated under the present Wharf Company, but the first wharves were built by private citizens. Menard's Wharf at the foot of . . . — Map (db m130425) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Clarke & Courts BuildingNational Register of Historic Places
Clarke and Courts Building 2400 Mechanic Built in 1890 Listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m130426) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 8234 — Clarke-Jockusch Home
This large Victorian home was built in 1895 by Captain Charles Clarke, a prominent figure in the Galveston shipping industry. In 1928 the house was purchased by grain exporter Julius W. Jockusch, who served as consul in Belgium and later . . . — Map (db m57411) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7188 — Confederate Mariner: Leon Smith
"Lion" of Texas coastal defense during the Civil War. Commanded marine department of military district. Born in New England, went to sea at 13. By age 20 was a captain. In 1850's commanded on the Galveston to New Orleans run of Southern Mail . . . — Map (db m36129) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 8237 — Congregation B'nai Israel Synagogue
Erected in 1870. Cultural and religious center for 85 years. Second oldest temple in Texas. Converted to Masonic Temple in 1953. Henry Cohen, rabbi from 1888-1950, was noted advisor and beloved humanitarian to the entire city. . . . — Map (db m150151) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Custom House, Post Office and United States Court House
Authorized by The Congress of the United States * March 4, 1854 * Construction completed * March 31, 1864 * This was the first building erected by the United States of America for civil uses in the State of Texas . . . — Map (db m118965) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 9 — David Ayers(August 10, 1793-October 25, 1881)
A veteran of the War of 1812, David Ayers brought his family to Texas in 1833. On behalf of the American Bible Society, they distributed bibles to new settlers. Settling first in San Patricio, Ayers moved to Washington County, where he became a . . . — Map (db m127585) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Davidson Building1890
During the last quarter of the 19th century Galveston Island was a major center of commerce for the Southwestern United States. Finished goods arrived at Galveston's natural deep water port from across the world, while cotton and other raw . . . — Map (db m118997) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 16848 — Davidson-Penland House
Constructed between 1866 and 1868, this house belonged to a number of significant Galveston residents. Captain John Davidson, an immigrant from Norway and early Galveston settler, built it. In 1870, two years after Davidson died in an attempt to . . . — Map (db m140036) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Dignified Resignation
Erected to the Soldiers and Sailors of the Confederate States of America by The Veuve Jefferson Davis Chapter No. 17, United Daughters of the Confederacy 1911 Galveston Texas ”There has never been an armed force which in . . . — Map (db m118299) WM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7450 — Dr. Frederick K. and Lucy Adelaide Fisher House
Dr. Frederick K. Fisher (1852-1920) and his wife Lucy Adelaide (Selkirk) (1856-1939) purchased this property in February 1888 and had this house built that same year. Both members of pioneer Texas families, the Fishers were active in local civic . . . — Map (db m142759) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7435 — Eaton Memorial Chapel
Designed by noted architect Nicholas Clayton. Gothic revival style. Dedicated as memorial in 1882 to the Rev. Benjamin Eaton, founding rector, 1841-71. Half of funds provided by the Ladies' Parochial Society; half by financier Henry Rosenberg. . . . — Map (db m58134) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Exploration
The first recorded history of Galveston Island occurred in 1528 with the shipwreck of Cabeza de Vaca and his crewmen. They were survivors of Alvarez de Pineda’s ill-fated expedition to Florida and were held captive here by the Karankawa Indians. De . . . — Map (db m143812) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Federal Building 1857
In 1854, a congressional appropriation was secured for the erection of a government building in Galveston for the customs, post office departments, the United States Court, and the United States Marshal. Three lots on the southeast corner . . . — Map (db m118960) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7537 — First Navy of the Republic of Texas
Dedicated to the First Navy of the Republic of Texas Established by Governor Henry Smith November 25th, 1835 The Fleet Brutus • Independence Liberty • Invincible Commemorating the heroism of its personnel . . . — Map (db m65031) HM WM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7444 — First Presbyterian ChurchFirst Church in Galveston
Organized New Year's Day, 1840, in the "Academy," an old building on the northwest corner of this intersection. Rev. John McCullough, church organizer, became pastor. Original building was finished 1843; present structure started 1872; . . . — Map (db m51228) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7484 — Former Site of Heidenheimer's Castle
In 1857 John S. Sydnor (1812-1869), former Galveston mayor, built the original two-story, eight-room structure at this site. Samson Heidenheimer (1834-1891) bought it in 1884. The German-born Heidenheimer began with a $100 loan and built a fortune . . . — Map (db m128845) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Fort San Jacinto
The northeastern tip of Galveston Island has seen defense fortifications since the early 1800's. Crude Spanish and French forts (1816-1818) gave way to small sand forts and batteries constructed by the Republic of Texas from 1836 to 1844. In 1863 . . . — Map (db m78508) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11889 — Franklin-Wandless House
Built in 1886 to replace a house destroyed in the great Strand fire, this was the home of Robert Morris and Sarah Franklin. Robert Franklin (1839-1923) was the son of Benjamin C. Franklin, the Battle of San Jacinto veteran for whom Franklin County . . . — Map (db m59423) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7454 — Frederich-Erhard House
Galveston native and banker William John Frederich, Sr. (1852-1898), had this house built for his family in 1894. After his death, his widow Jeanne sold the home to his nephew, Frederich William Erhard, in 1909. The home remained in the Erhard . . . — Map (db m59378) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 64 — Fredrick William Beissner House
Designed by Galveston architect William H. Roystone for local real estate agent Frederick William Beissner (1854-1905) and his wife Mary, this Victorian-era home was built in 1888. Its elaborate Eastlake details include turned posts, jigsawn porch . . . — Map (db m60498) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7472 — Galveston "News", C.S.A.
Founded 1842 by Samuel Bangs, Texas' first printer. Published after 1843 by Willard Richardson, who put up the first 4-story building in Galveston to house the offices and printing plant. Soon after the Civil War began in 1861, cut back from a . . . — Map (db m49843) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 13269 — Galveston Artillery Club
By 1840, a year after its incorporation, the city of Galveston was home to approximately 1,200 residents, the entry point for scores of immigrants and a major coastal shipping port. Ongoing tensions between the young Republic of Texas and Mexico had . . . — Map (db m59444) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7458 — Galveston Children's Home
Founded in 1878 by George Dealey (1829-1891), the Galveston Children's Home moved to this location in 1880. Henry Rosenberg gave money to construct a massive Gothic revival building here in 1894-95. It was destroyed by the storm of 1900. Newspaper . . . — Map (db m51269) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Galveston County Communities
Communities of Galveston County were established as follows: Algoa was named following the 1900 storm for a British Tanker which ran aground there. Alta Loma was given the Spanish Name, “High Ground,” by a development . . . — Map (db m118298) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7468 — Galveston Garten Verein
In design of a Teutonic Club; all stockholders were of German descent. Center for city's social life, 1876-1923, complex had an octagonal dance pavilion, tennis courts, bowling and tenpin alleys, bandstand, fountains. The complex was site of . . . — Map (db m56238) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 13717 — Galveston Historical Foundation
In 1871, twelve men formed the Galveston Historical Society to preserve the history of Texas by collecting important documents. The group and its archive grew, but in 1880, the secretary died, telling no one where to find the collection. In 1885, . . . — Map (db m118966) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Galveston Immigration Stations
Galveston was the port of entry for thousands of immigrants who settled in Texas and the southwest. Federal laws enacted in 1875 ended the unrestricted entry of immigrants into the country and led to the establishment of the area's first U.S. . . . — Map (db m30449) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7457 — Galveston in the Republic of Texas
Galveston Island, for centuries a crossroads for Indians, privateers, Spanish and French explorers, for a time was capital of the Republic of Texas. This was during the Texas War for Independence, when Santa Anna was making his 1836 invasion. On . . . — Map (db m36130) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7470 — Galveston Island
Few spots have played a more exciting role in the life of Texas than Galveston Island. Cabeza de Vaca, the Spanish explorer, wrote of the cannibalistic Karankawa Indians when he was shipwrecked here in 1528. The island became headquarters for . . . — Map (db m70785) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7471 — Galveston Medical College(originally located one mile west)
First medical college in Texas and predecessor of the University of Texas Medical Branch, the school opened in 1865 as a branch of Soule University at Chappell Hill. Although equipment during the first session consisted of one skeleton, one . . . — Map (db m87301) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7473 — Galveston Office of the National Weather Service
First weather service office in Texas, and one of first in the United States; established April 19, 1871, slightly over a year after Congress passed an act in Feb. 1870 creating the Public Weather Service of the United States under the Army Signal . . . — Map (db m56267) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 1826 — Galveston Orphans Home
The Island City Orphans Home of the 1870s and 1880s was created to provide refuge for Protestant and Jewish children in Galveston. The orphanage operated out of its original wooden structure for the next twelve years, narrowly escaping destruction . . . — Map (db m103074) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7474 — Galveston Quarantine Stations
Unregulated entry of immigrants through the Port of Galveston in the late 1830s greatly contributed to local outbreaks of yellow fever and other communicable diseases. The young city instituted quarantine measures in 1839 and in 1853 built Texas' . . . — Map (db m127634) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Galveston Seawall and Grade RaisingNational Historic Civil Engineering Landmark — American Society of Civil Engineers 1852 —
Following the hurricane of 1900, the greatest natural disaster of U.S. history, with the loss of 6,000 lives, civil engineers designed and built a concrete seawall and raised the elevation of Galveston Island, using pioneering materials and methods, . . . — Map (db m90439) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Galveston World War I Honor Roll
1917   Honor Roll   1918 We with uncovered head salute the sacred dead who went and who return not. McDonald, Margaret • Astal, Douglas N. • Berg, George • Bone, Albert R. • Brown, William H. • Burke, C.T. • Carrague, Michael T. • . . . — Map (db m90705) WM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7459 — Galveston, C. S. A.
Most important Texas seaport during the Civil War. Had consulates of England, France and Spain and worldwide recognition as a cotton exporter. Set up defenses including 10 mud forts and gun batteries on beaches, at railroad depot and on Pelican . . . — Map (db m59397) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7460 — Galveston: Gateway to Texas
From the time of the earliest documented history, the Gulf of Mexico has been the main point of entry into Texas. Some settlers of the 1820s even came by keelboat, going ashore along the way to kill game, in the same way an overland party would live . . . — Map (db m127635) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7183 — General Sidney Sherman
Born in Massachusetts July 26. 1805. Came to Texas February 1836 as captain of a company of volunteers he had recruited in Kentucky and Ohio. Commanded the second regiment of volunteers at San Jacinto. First to sound the immortal war cry opening the . . . — Map (db m49823) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 278 — George Campbell Childress(January 8, 1804 - October 6, 1841)
Born into a prominent Nashville, Tennessee, family, George Campbell Childress attended Davidson Academy (later the University of Nashville). He was admitted to the bar in 1828, the same year he married Margaret Vance. She died in 1835, soon after . . . — Map (db m50006) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 325 — George Campbell Childress
. . . — Map (db m127601) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7428 — George Dealey(Jan. 20, 1829 - March 31, 1891)
Born in Liverpool, England, George Dealey moved to Galveston in 1870 with his wife, Mary Ann (Nellins) Dealey (1829-1913), and their nine children. Dealey was a deeply religious man, who engaged in many charitable activities. In 1878 he persuaded . . . — Map (db m87269) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7453 — George Fox House
Shortly after the Civil War George Fox (d. 1906) joined his father's Galveston bakery, established in 1837. A successful merchant by the turn of the century, Fox built this home for his wife Elizabeth (Benison) and family about 1903. It probably . . . — Map (db m138003) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7181 — George Seeligson Home
Galveston-born George Seeligson (1841-1912) was a prominent local merchant. In 1872 he married Maria Davenport (1847-1928). He built this 1875 house on another lot in this block. Like many fine Galveston homes, it combines Greek Revival and . . . — Map (db m143569) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7477 — Grace Episcopal Church
Founded 1874 as a mission of Trinity Church. In 1876 became an independent parish under the Rev. Jeremiah Ward, Rector. Dedicated in 1895 by Bishop G. H. Kinsolving, the building was made possible by a bequest from civic leader Henry Rosenberg. . . . — Map (db m56226) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Greenleve, Block & Co. Building1882
This building, designed by Nicholas J. Clayton, was erected in 1882 for the wholesale drygoods firm of Greenleve, Block & Co. at a cost of $65,000. It was built of Philadelphia pressed brick and cut stone, with supportive and decorative iron columns . . . — Map (db m130413) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7433 — Greensville S. Dowell(September 1822 - June 9, 1881)
Virginia native Dr. Greensville S. Dowell moved to Texas in 1853. During the Civil War he served as a surgeon in the Confederate army in Galveston. He was instrumental in the founding of the Galveston Medical Society, Texas Medical College and . . . — Map (db m127582) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7480 — Gulf, Colorado,& Santa Fe Railway Company
In 1874 Galveston County voters narrowly approved $500,000 in bonds to finance construction of a railroad line from the city of Galveston that would bypass Houston, its business rival, and reach across Texas and beyond to Santa Fe, New Mexico. Henry . . . — Map (db m59386) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7482 — Hagemann-Cobb House
This elaborate Italianate-Queen Anne style house was built in 1892 by Galveston grocer John Hagemann and his wife Jerusha. In 1932 the home was purchased by Thomas and Laura Ella Cobb. A city health inspector, Cobb was the head of the local Brewer's . . . — Map (db m56209) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 16835 — Hawes Summer Home
Kentucky native Edwin Hawes (1852-1932) was a prominent attorney, land owner and politician, serving as Wharton County judge and mayor of Kerrville. He and his wife, Lizzie Milburn (Rust) Hawes (1859-1927), married in 1881 and had seven children. . . . — Map (db m143625) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Hendley Row1859
The Firm of William Hendley & Co. was founded in 1845. The partnership consisted of William Hendley, Capt. Joseph J. Hendley, John L. Sleight, and Phillip Gildersleeve. This firm, with Brower and Neilson of New York, started the "Texas and New . . . — Map (db m119195) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7487 — Hendley's Row
The commercial house of William Hendley & Co. was established in 1845 by William Hendley (1798-1873), his brother Joseph J. Hendley (d. 1887), John L. Sleight (1810-73), and Phillip Gildersleeve (1819-53). At the same time, they started the Texas . . . — Map (db m65072) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7488 — Henry C. Henck, Jr. House
Built in 1893 as rental property, this house was an early investment of brothers August J. and Henry C. Henck, Jr., who began a real estate business in Galveston in 1901. H. C. Henck, Jr. chose it as his own residence in 1898, and it remained in the . . . — Map (db m139975) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7501 — Henry Journeay
Who served in the Army of Texas, 1836 and was a member of the Mier Expedition, 1842 Born in New York June 23, 1815 Died July 2, 1870 — Map (db m127602) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7494 — Hotel Galvez
Built at a cost of $1,000,000, this hotel was financed by local businessmen and public subscribers to help the economy of Galveston following the 1900 hurricane. Completed in 1911, it was designed by the St. Louis firm of Mauran and Russell. The . . . — Map (db m35925) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 14875 — Hutchings House
John Henry Hutchings was born in North Carolina in 1822. After living in New Orleans for several years, he moved to Galveston in 1845. Two years later he entered into a partnership with John Sealy to sell dry goods in Sabine Pass. They returned to . . . — Map (db m56275) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7495 — Hutchings House
Erected in 1856 for businessman John Henry Hutchings and his new wife Minnie (Knox), this structure was designed to resemble an Italian villa. It was damaged in an 1885 storm, and noted architect Nicholas Clayton did the extensive repair and . . . — Map (db m56276) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Hutchings, Sealy & Co.1897
This impressive building contains grey and pink granite, red Texas sandstone, and buff colored terra cotta. Designed in the Neo-Renaissance style by Galveston architect Nicholas J. Clayton, it was built in 1895 for the banking firm of Ball, . . . — Map (db m119197) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7496 — Hutchings, Sealy & Co. Buildings
Four decades after joining in partnership, George Ball, John Henry Hutchings, and John Sealy employed prominent Galveston architect Nicholas J. Clayton to design office buildings for their Ball, Hutchings & Co. commission and banking operations. . . . — Map (db m70556) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7505 — Isaac H. and Henrietta Kempner House
At the time of his death in 1894 Polish immigrant Harris Kempner, age 57, was a leading Galveston businessman with interests in banking, insurance, railroads, and cotton. Isaac Herbert Kempner, age 21 and the eldest of Harris Kempner's eight . . . — Map (db m137967) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7520 — Isabella Offenbach Maas Residence
Built in 1886, this residence was shared by Isabella O. Maas and her daughter and son-in-law, Rosana and Nathan Redlich. Active in civic and charitable organizations, Mrs. Maas lived here until her death in 1891. Dr. W.C. Fisher, city health . . . — Map (db m138041) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7186 — J.F. Smith House
Designed by Nathaniel Tobey, Jr., and built in 1884 for the family of John Francis Smith, this house is an excellent example of Italianate architecture. Prominent features of the house include paired brackets, a bay window, balcony, and hood . . . — Map (db m142589) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 16682 — Jack Johnson
Galveston native Arthur John "Jack" Johnson (1878-1946) was the first African American World Heavyweight Boxing Champion. He grew up in Galveston's East End and honed his fighting skills working on the wharves. During the 1900 storm, Johnson . . . — Map (db m148936) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 9922 — Jackie Andrews Private School
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1962 — Map (db m142556) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7532 — Jacobs Home
In 1884, Mrs. Barbara Lenz (Lentz) Jacobs (1831-1908), the widow of Christopher Jacobs, purchased a small cottage on this lot from Ferdinand and Caroline Möller (Miller). In 1885, Mrs. Jacobs, a prominent midwife, built a new, two-story house . . . — Map (db m140395) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7519 — James Love(1795-1874)
A veteran of the War of 1812, James Love, a lawyer, came to Texas in 1837 with his wife Lucy (Ballinger). He helped found Galveston, and was a political ally of Mirabeau B. Lamar. Love served as a delegate to the 1845 Annexation Convention, judge of . . . — Map (db m50031) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7426 — James N. Davis House
James Nathaniel "Nat" Davis (d. 1902) built this two-story galleried residence in 1899. The designer was Charles W. Bulger, a Galveston architect. As a reporter for the Galveston Daily News, Davis wrote some of the earliest accounts of the . . . — Map (db m140046) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 18526 — James S. Waters House
The East End Historic District, which initiated development in the area immediately east of Galveston’s Downtown Business District, saw its busiest period of construction during the last two decades of the 19th century. Many of the city’s . . . — Map (db m142535) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7508 — Jean Lafitte
Notorious pirate. Settled here in 1817 with his buccaneers and ships; under Mexican flag, continued his forays against Spanish shipping in the Gulf. On this site, he built his home, Maison Rouge (Red House), which was part of his fort; and upper . . . — Map (db m143632) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7489 — John and Eliza Hertford House
John and Eliza Hertford bought three lots at this site in 1867 and built this house by 1869, the year of John's death. Eliza and her children continued to reside here until 1878. This house, originally a Greek revival-influenced design, was later . . . — Map (db m137973) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7525 — John Bankhead Magruder(August 15, 1810 - February 19, 1871)
Virginia native John Bankhead Magruder graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1830. For meritorious service in the Mexican War (1846-48) Magruder was promoted to lieutenant colonel. He later resigned from the U.S. Army to join . . . — Map (db m50047) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7498 — John M. Jones House
John Maxwell Jones, a native of Delaware, came to Galveston in 1839 and opened a jewelry store on The Strand. Active in area commerce, he helped organize the First National Bank of Galveston. His wife Henrietta was the daughter of French composer . . . — Map (db m142546) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11583 — John Overton Trueheart(ca. 1802-March 13, 1874)
After coming to Texas from Virginia about 1838, John Trueheart received a land grant for his service with Jack Hays' Rangers. He then began a partnership in a Galveston General Land Agency with Memucan Hunt and returned to Virginia for his wife Anne . . . — Map (db m127581) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7187 — John Smith House
Irish immigrant and Galveston police officer John Smith had this home constructed at 3601 Post Office Street in 1890, where it later served to shelter victims of the 1900 storm. It was moved to this site in 1927. The home features an unusual . . . — Map (db m143612) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7168 — Julius H. Ruhl Residence
A native of Prussia, Julius H. Ruhl came to Galveston in 1872. He served as cashier and clerk for the mercantile firm of Kauffman & Runge until his death in 1882. This home, which Ruhl had constructed in 1874-75, remained in his family until 1962. . . . — Map (db m57449) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Juneteenth
Commemorated annually on June 19th, Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration of the end of slavery in the U.S. The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln on Sep. 22, 1862, announced, "That on the 1st day of January. A.D. . . . — Map (db m77163) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Karankawa Campsite
In this area is one of several known Karankawa campsites or burial grounds. Now extinct, the nomadic Indians lived along the Texas coast, depending on the Gulf for survival. In 1528 they aided Spanish explorer Cabeza de Vaca, but resisted all . . . — Map (db m30451) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Kuhn's Wharf1838
In 1838, Col. Ephraim McLean was granted wharf privilege by the Galveston City Company provided he start construction of a wharf at once, which he did at the foot of 18th Street. Shortly after the wharf was completed, McLean left Galveston to fight . . . — Map (db m130399) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7509 — Lafitte's Grove
Fort and settlement established here in 1817 by the freebooter Jean Lafitte who maintained headquarters here while preying on shipping in the Gulf of Mexico. The Battle of the Three Trees was fought here between Lafitte's men and Karankawa . . . — Map (db m87726) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7511 — Landes-McDonough House
Confederate veteran and capitalist Henry A. Landes (1844-1919) had this house built in 1887-88. Designed by prominent architects George E. Dickey of Houston and D. A. Helmich, the house reportedly provided refuge to some 200 people during the . . . — Map (db m50048) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7512 — Lasker Home for Children
This two-story galleried Greek revival residence was built about 1870 by Galveston attorney Marcus C. McLemore (d. 1898). The Society for the Help of Homeless Children bought the home in 1901 for use as a charitable center. It was enlarged in 1912 . . . — Map (db m65178) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7493 — Lent Munson Hitchcock(October 15, 1816 - February 27, 1869)
A sea captain's son who became a sailor at the age of 14, Lent Munson Hitchcock left his native Connecticut and joined the Texas Navy about 1836. Seafaring duties brought him to Galveston in 1837 where he later served as harbor master, city . . . — Map (db m50049) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Leon & H. Blum Building1879
Leon & H. Blum, "Importers of and Wholesale Dealers in Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Hats, Boots and Shoes, Notions, etc.", was founded by Alexander and Leon Blum in 1858 under the firm name of A. Blum & Bro. In 1865 the firm was reorganized and the . . . — Map (db m130434) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7515 — Leon & H. Blum Co. Building
A young Alsatian immigrant, Leon Blum (1836-1906), joined his brother Alexander in a business partnership in Richmond, Texas, about 1852. The company, A.Blum & Bro., moved to Galveston in 1859. The new firm of Leon & H. Blum was founded late in . . . — Map (db m65088) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 17945 — Levi Charles Meyers Harby(September 21, 1793 - December 3, 1870)
Born in Georgetown, South Carolina, Levi Charles Meyers Harby was the son of Solomon Harby and Rebecca (Moses) Harby. During the War of 1812, Levi served in the U.S. Navy. He was commissioned as a midshipman and stationed at Charleston. After the . . . — Map (db m127578) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7518 — Lockhart House
The first portion of this Queen Anne house was built before 1889 as a one-story cottage. About 1894, during the ownership of William B. Lockhart (1860-1923), it was enlarged by raising the original section to the second floor and adding a new ground . . . — Map (db m138029) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11593 — Louis Trezevant WigfallApril 21, 1816 - February 18, 1874
Native South Carolinian, Sergeant in Seminole War, lawyer, member Texas Legislature, an ardent secessionist as United States Senator from 1859 to 1861, visited Fort Sumter with surrender demand as aide to General Beauregard, member Confederate . . . — Map (db m127526) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 13816 — Lt. Commander Edward Lea(1837-1863)
Maryland-born Edward Lea Graduated From the U.S. Naval Academy in 1855. At the onset of the Civil War, his father, Albert, unsuccessfully tried to persuade him to join the Confederacy. Edward became First Officer on the U.S.S. Harriet Lane. . . . — Map (db m49993) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7522 — Magale Building
A fire on The Strand in 1869 destroyed an earlier structure at this site. John F. Magale (d. 1880) built this edifice in 1870 to house his wholesale liquor business. Cast iron was used for the first floor facade and window hood molding for the . . . — Map (db m140062) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 9918 — Major John M. Allen
San Jacinto veteran. First Mayor of Galveston. Born in Kentucky. Died February 12, 1847 — Map (db m127600) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 16833 — Major Leon Dyer
Leon Dyer was born Feist Emanuel Heim (Haim) on Oct. 2, 1807 in Mayene, Germany, to John Maximilian and Isabella (Babette) Nachmann Dyer. The family immigrated to the U.S. around 1812 and settled in Baltimore where they began a meat packing . . . — Map (db m127579) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7526 — Mallory-Produce Building
Originally built after 1877, this structure was rebuilt after an 1881 fire. Although owned at the time by D.D. Mallory of Baltimore, it was occupied by wholesale grocers Moore, Stratton & Co. and other businesses. It was known throughout much of the . . . — Map (db m65060) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Mardi Gras in Galveston
Mardi Gras was born out of a fifteenth-century European masquerade ball tradition, where guests would wear extravagant costumes and masks to conceal their identities. The first Mardi Gras celebration in Galveston occurred in 1867 at Turner Hall, . . . — Map (db m118991) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7533 — Maud Moller House
Built in the mid-1890s, this late Victorian home was owned by Maud J.H. Moller from about 1895 until 1911. She and her husband, Jens, were prominent in Galveston business and political circles. Cotton exporter and Swiss Consul Ulrich Muller resided . . . — Map (db m59399) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7528 — Menard-Ganter House
Medard Menard followed his well-established cousin, Michel B. Menard, to Galveston where he married Susan LeClere in 1838. He built this house in 1882 for himself, Susan and their daughter, Marie, and her children. The home was purchased by Herbert . . . — Map (db m139977) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Merchants Mutual Insurance Company Building1870
On July 8, 1869, the press reported the recent completion of the Merchants Mutual Insurance Company Building: "It is unlike any other in the external appearance, being finished in the French style with a Mansard roof. The front is of iron and brick, . . . — Map (db m130422) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7529 — Michel B. Menard(December 5, 1805 - September 2, 1856)
A native of Canada, Michel B. Menard came to Texas in 1829. He lived in Nacogdoches and Liberty before settling in Galveston in 1833. He was one of the signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence in 1836, and later represented Galveston in the . . . — Map (db m127531) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Middle Passage Galveston, Texas
This marker commemorates enslaved Africans in Galveston during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, as well as those who perished during the transatlantic slave trade known as the Middle Passage. Galveston Historical Foundation — Map (db m147637) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Mitchell Street
Twenty-fourth Street is renamed to honor George and Cynthia Mitchell, who catalyzed the renaissance of the Strand Historic District. George Mitchell was born on the island in 1919 to Greek immigrants Mike and Katina Mitchell (born Savvas . . . — Map (db m119198) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11597 — Nahor Biggs Yard(March 12, 1816 - May 5, 1889
In 1838 New Jersey native Nahor Biggs Yard arrived in the new town of Galveston and built one of the city's first residences. Yard enjoyed success in business but is best remembered for his distinguished civic and military career. He served as city . . . — Map (db m127524) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Near Campsites of Louis-Michel Aury and Francisco Xavier Mina
A bivouac in late 1816 and early 1817 for an oddly mixed group of soldiers from many nations joined in the common purpose of freeing Mexico from Spain. Under two spirited leaders-- Mina (1789-1817), an impetuous young Spanish general, and Aury . . . — Map (db m30446) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 12908 — Nicholas D. Labadie
Nicholas Descomps Labadie was born in Canada in 1802. In Missouri, he trained for the priesthood and later changed to the study of medicine. In 1831, he moved to Texas, serving as post surgeon at Anahuac. He served in the Second Regiment of Texas . . . — Map (db m127532) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 8235 — Nicholas J. Clayton(November 1, 1839 - December 9, 1916)
A native of Ireland, Nicholas Joseph Clayton emigrated to Ohio with his widowed mother in the early 1840s. After serving in the Union navy during the Civil War, he joined the Memphis architectural firm of Jones and Baldwin. In 1872 he was sent to . . . — Map (db m70567) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 12625 — Norris Wright Cuney(1846-1898)
Born a slave on the Waller County plantation of his father, Philip Cuney, Norris Wright Cuney was sent to Wyle Street School in Pennsylvania for an early education. At the age of seventeen he moved to St. Louis and found employment on Mississippi . . . — Map (db m143813) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Old Galveston Square
Situated between two wharves and close to the Customs House, this site was an ideal location for early Galveston businesses. Retail and wholesale merchants began trading here in hardware, jewelry, real estate, crockery, tobacco, shoes, boots, . . . — Map (db m127854) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7541 — Open Gates
Map (db m65058) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7540 — Original Oleander Planting in Galveston
Brought from Jamaica, 1841, by local businessman Joseph Osterman; planted by Osterman's sister, Mrs. Isidore Dyer, in yard of her home at this location. Transplanted when new structure was placed here, 1939, this oleander is an outgrowth of original . . . — Map (db m57333) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7175 — Original Site of St. Mary's Orphan Asylum
Children orphaned by a yellow fever epidemic in 1867 were cared for temporarily in Galveston's St. Mary's Infirmary by the Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word. In 1874 Galveston Bishop Claude Dubuis bought the 35-acre plantation and home . . . — Map (db m117416) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 15133 — Peter Leroy Colombo(December 23, 1905 - July 12, 1974)
Born in Galveston, Peter Leroy Colombo overcame disabilities to become a highly accomplished lifeguard. Born in 1905, Colombo lost his hearing, speech and use of his legs at the age of seven, due to meningitis. His brothers took him to the Texas . . . — Map (db m90256) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Pix Building
Charles Hodgeson Pix was a member of a Texas pioneer family that came to Galveston from England in 1838. He was one of the early English merchants in Galveston who were importers of English goods direct from London. He began business at #6 Strand . . . — Map (db m118999) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7545 — Poole-Parker House
This Greek Revival cottage was built in the 1860s by W. G. Boepple on land he bought from Valentine Poole, a local cattle dealer who again became the owner in 1872. In 1886 the home was sold to the estate of "Galveston News" editor Willard B. . . . — Map (db m143551) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Powell Arch
The festive arches gracing Galveston's historic Strand District are part of an imaginative civic design project undertaken in 1985 and based on temporary decorative arches constructed in 1881, when the City of Galveston hosted Saengerfest, a . . . — Map (db m118989) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 14023 — Powhatan and Mattie Wren House
In 1873, Edward Sylvester paid W.C. Crookshank to build a side-gabled cottage with galleries that ran the length of the north and south sides of the house. Originally, there was a small building at the back of the lot most likely used as a . . . — Map (db m142537) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7546 — Powhatan House
Early Galveston hotel; built 1847 by John Seabrook Sydnor, Galveston mayor 1846-1847. Greek revival architecture; Doric columns from Maine. Has served as orphanage, military academy, residence, and set for a motion picture. Now Galveston . . . — Map (db m56233) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 18525 — Quigg-Baulard Cottage
The Quigg-Baulard Cottage was originally built by William and Josephine Quigg in 1867. The wooden house with clapboard siding includes five-foot brick piers. The front exhibits Greek revival features, characteristic of mid-19th century Galveston. . . . — Map (db m148955) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 8236 — Rabbi Henry Cohen(1863-1952)
Called the "First Citizen of Texas" by U. S. President Woodrow Wilson, Rabbi Henry Cohen, an internationally known humanitarian, was born in London, England. He came to Galveston in 1888 as spiritual leader of congregation B'Nai Israel and . . . — Map (db m118254) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Reconstruction to 1900
The revival of the economic, political, social and religious institutions in Galveston County following the Civil War, was more rapid than anywhere in the south. Galveston emerged as the largest city in Texas and with its natural seaport, became . . . — Map (db m118300) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7549 — Reedy Chapel A.M.E. Church
Trustees of the Methodist Church purchased this lot in 1848 as a worship site for Black slaves. Meetings were held outdoors until a building was erected in 1863. At the end of the Civil War (1865), ownership of the property was transferred to the . . . — Map (db m63531) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7548 — Reedy Chapel A.M.E. Church
This structure, erected during the pastorate of the Rev. J.E. Edwards, replaced the first Reedy Chapel Church on this site, destroyed by the 1885 Galveston fire. Contractor E.F. Campbell began construction in 1886. Four storms hit the island that . . . — Map (db m68579) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Rice, Baulard & Company Building
The three row buildings at 213-217 Tremont, their exteriors now restored, were constructed in 1870 by Rice, Baulard & Company, a major supplier of paints, oils, varnish and window glass in Texas and Louisiana in the 1800's. Victor Baulard . . . — Map (db m118998) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Rosewood Cemetery
Galveston's first African American cemetery 1911-1944 Site donated to Galveston Historical Foundation by John and Judy Saracco, 2006 Listed as a historical burial ground by the Texas Historical Commission — Map (db m4833) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7170 — Sacred Heart Church
The earliest Catholic services in the Galveston area were conducted in 1838. In 1884, as a result of the church's growth under the direction of such leaders as Bishop J.M. Odin, the Galveston Diocese established Sacred Heart as the fourth church . . . — Map (db m51266) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Saengerfest Park
The park takes its name from Saengerfest, a biennial singing contest sponsored by German immigrant choral societies around the State of Texas in the 19th century. A choral group from Galveston, “the Salamanders,” took top honors in . . . — Map (db m118988) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Samson Heidenheimer Building1877
Samson Heidenheimer, pioneer Galveston merchant, had this building erected in 1877 on the site of the Grand Southern Hotel. The Grand Southern was a four-story forty-room Victorian Hotel of brick construction. In 1877, a fire originating on . . . — Map (db m128844) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11594 — Samuel May Williams(1795 - 1858)
Born the son of a ship captain in Rhode Island, Samuel Williams was apprenticed to his uncle in Baltimore after 1810 to learn business skills. After 1816 he lived in Buenos Aires, where he learned Spanish and its related culture. By 1819 he was . . . — Map (db m58097) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11595 — Samuel May Williams
(Front) In memory of Samuel May Williams Born in Providence, R. I. October 4, 1795 Died in Galveston, Texas September 13, 1858 His wife Sarah Scott Williams Born in Kentucky December 7, 1807 Died in Galveston, Texas . . . — Map (db m127525) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7178 — Santa Fe Union Station
The south half of this building was constructed in 1913 to serve as a central passenger station for Galveston's railway system and to house the general offices of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad's Gulf lines. In 1932 an 11-story tower and . . . — Map (db m59380) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7180 — Scottish Rite Masonryin Texas
Born in 1867 in Galveston. One of major systems of celebrated Masonic fraternal organization. Philip C. Tucker, the Deputy Inspector General of the Masons, read charter establishing "San Felipe Lodge of Perfection." It was named after San . . . — Map (db m51248) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7476 — Site of Galveston Seminary
Built by Reverend John McCullough in 1849. Patterned after private Presbyterian schools in historic Chester County, Pennsylvania. The institution was a landmark in pioneer Texas education. Eminently suited for the purpose, the school compound . . . — Map (db m143657) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7530 — Site of the Home of Michel Branamour Menard1805 - 1856
A signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. Founder of the city of Galveston. Member of the Congress of the Republic of Texas. — Map (db m150235) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Site of Ursuline Convent and Academy
Seven nuns of the Ursuline order from New Orleans arrived in Galveston on January 19, 1847, sent at the request of Bishop Jean Marie Odin. By February 1847 the nuns established a convent and academy in the two-story former home of Judge James W. . . . — Map (db m50011) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11566 — Sonnentheil Home
Built in 1886-87 for German native Jacob Sonnentheil (d. 1908), this home probably was designed by prominent Galveston architect Nicholas J. Clayton. Sonnentheil served with the Confederacy during the Civil War and operated a wholesale dry goods . . . — Map (db m57408) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Southwestern Telegraph and Telephone Building2202-2206 Church Street — Built in 1896 —
Listed in the National Register of Historic Places by The United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m119000) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 14117 — St. Joseph's Church
In the 1840s and 1850s, Galveston was a major point of entry for German immigrants. Bishop John M. Odin recommended construction of this church in 1859-60 for the German Catholic population. Joseph Bleicke, a German-born carpenter, built the frame . . . — Map (db m57330) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7172 — St. Mary's Cathedral
City's oldest surviving church. Built 1847 by the most Rev. John M. Odin, C. M., Early missionary, and first bishop of Texas. Gift of half a million bricks from Antwerp, Belgium, made structure possible. Gothic cathedral is preserved in original . . . — Map (db m58071) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — St. Mary's Cathedral
The cornerstone for St. Mary’s Cathedral was laid in 1847, the same year that the Catholic Diocese of Galveston – which included all of Texas – was established. Father J.M. Odin, the first Bishop of Galveston, traveled to Europe and . . . — Map (db m118950) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7173 — St. Mary's Hospital
Organized in 1866, this institution was the first private hospital established in the state. Originally known as Charity Hospital, it was founded by three French Catholic Sisters, members in the Order of Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word. . . . — Map (db m50051) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7176 — St. Patrick Catholic Church
Galveston Bishop C.M. Dubus established this parish in 1870 to serve Catholics in Galveston Island's fast-growing west end district. A wood sanctuary was built at this site and the mostly Irish congregation named the church for St. Patrick, the . . . — Map (db m52833) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11571 — Sweeney-Royston House
James Moreau Brown (1821-1895), builder of Ashton Villa, erected this home in 1885 as a wedding gift for his daughter Matilda (1865-1926) and her husband Thomas Sweeney (d. 1905). Attributed to architect Nicholas J. Clayton, the Victorian cottage . . . — Map (db m58016) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11573 — Texas Bar Association
Independent lawyers and representatives from 46 Texas law firms called a meeting in 1882 to create a statewide association. They organized the Texas Bar Association at the Electric Pavilion in Galveston (south of this site) on July 15. J.H. . . . — Map (db m50052) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — Texas Revolution and Civil War
Following Laffite's expulsion from Galveston, settlers from the West Indies began to arrive. Within a few years, Galveston became principal port to the Republic of Texas. Galveston was declared a Port of Entry in 1825 by Mexico and a customs . . . — Map (db m143810) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 11579 — Texas Society, Sons of the American Revolution
In 1889, during the Centennial of the inauguration of George Washington as first President of the United States, a group of Revolutionary War soldiers' descendants gathered in New York to form a society to promote awareness of the Revolutionary War . . . — Map (db m60471) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — The Birds of GalvestonNature at the Beach
Galveston is a narrow barrier island that hugs the upper Texas coast. This slender sliver of sand and beach hosts a precious diversity of wildlife, especially birds. Sandpipers, plovers, herons, egrets, waterfowl, gulls, terns, hawks, falcons, . . . — Map (db m90649)
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 139 — The Bishop's Palace
Built, 1886-1893, by Col. Walter Gresham, civic leader and U.S. Congressman. Nicholas J. Clayton was architect. One of the most lavish and massive homes in U.S., house is a Victorian adaptation of renaissance style. Silver and onyx mantel in . . . — Map (db m143659) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 8239 — The Cottage
Built about 1882 by cotton buyer Bernard Roensch. Late Greek revival architecture with high Victorian detail in gingerbread trim, ornate tower, stained glass panels and transoms, slate mantels, fine staircase. Has survived many storms. . . . — Map (db m65059) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — The Eugenia & George Sealy Pavilion
Service to the community by the late George Sealy (1880-1944), Galveston financier and civic leader, and his wife Eugenia (1901-1987) was commemorated by the dedication of this pavilion in their memory. The pavilion is a gift to the people of . . . — Map (db m56212) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — The First National Bank of Galveston1878
The original First National Bank of Galveston Building, designed by P M. Comegys for T. H. McMahan, Esquire, was three-story and erected in 1867 of pressed brick from Baltimore. The Strand front and all the door and window surroundings were of iron, . . . — Map (db m130400) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — The Galveston Movement
By the late 1800's, thousands of Jews began fleeing their homes in Russia and Eastern Europe to escape anti-Semitic policies and violent pogroms. Many immigrated to the U.S., establishing communities in New York City and elsewhere along the East . . . — Map (db m57364) HM
Texas (Galveston County), Galveston — 7486 — The Heidenheimer Bros. Marine Building
Built in 1876 by German immigrant Samson Heidenheimer (d. 1891), this building has housed a number of wholesale and retail businesses. According to local tradition, Heidenheimer began business in Galveston prior to the Civil War as a street vendor, . . . — Map (db m139928) HM

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May. 27, 2020