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Gregg County Texas Historical Markers

 
Gladewater Marker image, Touch for more information
By Amanda Hartley, July 7, 2010
Gladewater Marker
Texas (Gregg County), Gladewater — 9960 — Gladewater
Founded as St. Clair, about 3 miles east. Moved to present site on Glade Creek and T&P Railway, 1872. Population grew from 500 to 7000 after oil was discovered in 1931. It became hub of production and refining operations. Manufacturing, . . . — Map (db m33490) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Kilgore — 10007 — World's Richest Acre
Part of fabulous East Texas oil field discovered in 1930. This 1.195-acre tract had first production on June 17, 1937, when the Mrs. Bess Johnson-Adams & Hale No. 1 well was brought in. Developed before well-spacing rules, this block is the . . . — Map (db m96134) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — "Dolly" — Longview's First Fire Engine — 1890s
To serve the growing population (2,034 residents by 1900), a volunteer fire department was organized in 1855. Like many other volunteer fire departments of that era, it was a hobby and social club for young civic leaders. The department was based . . . — Map (db m89193) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — A City That Grows — 1940s
Longview News-Journal Publisher Carl Estes successfully led a civic effort to bring R.G. LeTourneau's excavator manufacturing company here. An ardent lay evangelist, LeTourneau also established a technical institute on the site of the former Harmon . . . — Map (db m89267) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — A New County is Born — 1873
In January 1873, Upshur County Representative B.W. Brown (a Methodist lay preacher) introduced a bill in the Texas Legislature to make Longview the seat of a new county to be composed of portions of existing Upshur, Rusk and Harrison counties. The . . . — Map (db m89156) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — A Railroad Boom Town Settles Down — 1870s
  Like the oil boom 60 years later, the railroad boom of the 1870s was a rowdy, colorful period that resulted in lasting improvements. Longview consisted of about 60 hastily built frame buildings near Center and Tyler Streets. Almost half of the . . . — Map (db m89186) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Banking — The Final Ingredient — 1872
  Along with the abundance of natural resources, the growth of commercial agriculture and the distribution capability of the railroad, the establishment of banking supplied the final ingredient needed to solidify the development of Longview's . . . — Map (db m89067) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — 9934 — Big Inch Pipeline
  Before the United States entry into World War II following the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, ninety-five percent of the crude oil delivered to East Coast refineries was transported by tanker ships. Ninety percent of that oil . . . — Map (db m89033) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Completing a Century of Development — 1970
The decade of the 1970s saw complete integration of the Longview Independent School District. For the first time, African-Americans were elected to the Gregg County Commissioners Court, City Council and School Board. In May 1970, Longview celebrated . . . — Map (db m89277) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — 9942 — Dalton Gang's Last Raid
May 23, 1894–A bloody day in early Longview. Bill Dalton, leader of armed gang presented a note for money at First National Bank. A gunfight erupted when Sheriff Jack Howard, City Marshall Mat Muckleroy and citizens resisted. Three local men-- . . . — Map (db m89022) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — 9944 — Delta Drilling Company
In response to the East Texas oil boom, Delta Drilling Company was founded in 1931 by Bob Stacy, Sam Dorfman, and Joseph Zeppa. Originally housed in an apartment at this site, the firm moved to Tyler in 1937. Delta drilled many of the oil wells that . . . — Map (db m89020) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — 9948 — Everett Building
Built in 1910 to house the Citizens National Bank, this structure is the only example of classical revival commercial architecture in Longview. Designed by noted architect and educator Samuel J. Blocker, the Everett Building was constructed by . . . — Map (db m89023) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — First Came the Railroad — 1870
The original site of Longview lay on the western outskirts of Earpville, a pioneer Upshur County community along the old Marshall-Tyle Road (today known as U.S. Highway 80). Founded around 1850 by James Earp, (pronounced "Arpville") consisted of . . . — Map (db m89150) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — First Discovery Wells and Then the Boom! — 1930s
Black gold! Suddenly, the Great Depression was forgotten with the late 1930 discovery of the East Texas Oil Field, biggest in the world. Trapped in a layer of porous sandstone called the Woodbine formation 3,600 feet below the surface, the field was . . . — Map (db m89263) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — From Subsistence to Cash Crops — 1870
  The early settlers farmed only to meet their family needs. Any produce left over was used to pay the doctor, the blacksmith or barter for the necessities of life.   Corn was indispensable, meeting a multitude of needs for both family and . . . — Map (db m89066) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — General John Gregg / Texas Secession Convention — 1828-1864
General John Gregg Born Alabama. Came to Texas 1854. Judge, Confederate congressman. Organized 7th Texas Infantry as colonel 1861. Captured at Fort Donelson, Tenn. 1862. Promoted brigadier general after exchange. Commanded brigade . . . — Map (db m45100) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Industry Accelerates Economic Growth — 1950s
The area's industrial development was greatly enhanced in 1950 when the Texas Eastman petrochemical plant located near Longview. What originally was intended as a small butyraldehyde plant became the city's biggest employer and the second largest . . . — Map (db m89272) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — 17735 — Johnny Cace's Seafood and Steak House
  This east Texas landmark established by John "Johnny" Cace, Jr. has served the area since 1949. Johnny was the son of a Yugoslav immigrant who grew up on the island village of Prvic Luka and spent his childhood fishing and boating in the . . . — Map (db m89031) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Kelly Plow Company — 1882
  When George Addison Kelly came to East Texas in 1852 at the age of twenty, he saw possibilities in the manufacture and sale of cowbells to supply wagoners and traders. Resolving to make the bells resonance better, he made a journey to . . . — Map (db m89064) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — King Cotton — 1870
  At one time, nearly all the cotton crops in the state of Texas were grown in east Texas. As with most of the south, cotton played a major role in the Longview economy.   The emergence of "King Cotton" as a marketable cash crop, coupled . . . — Map (db m89013) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Longview Becomes the Hub for Railroad Expansion — 1872
By 1872, Longview received nationwide attention by serving as temporary head of the nation's Southern rail line. Business, population and construction were stimulated by wagon traffic from a large area since Longview provided the closest rail . . . — Map (db m89154) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Longview Charters First Industry in Texas — 1900s
The Kelly Plow Works was reportedly the only non-sawmill industry in the county other than an ice factory. The Kelly plant, supposedly the first chartered industry in Texas, had relocated to Longview from Marion County in 1882. Kelly became well . . . — Map (db m89246) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Longview Expands Its Influence — 1960s
The last decade of Longview's first hundred years was a time of historic and fundamental change. In 1962, the "slant hole" scandal brought unfavorable national attention to the East Texas Oil Field. (This illegal process actually pioneered . . . — Map (db m89276) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — 12759 — Longview Municipal Building and Central Fire Station
The city of Longview was incorporated in 1871, and there is evidence of a volunteer fire department as early as 1887. A new city hall complex with fire station was constructed in 1905, but the 1930s East Texas oil boom and subsequent population . . . — Map (db m89006) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — 9981 — O. H. Methvin, Sr. — Founder of Longview
About 1848, O. H. Methvin (1815-1882) and his father Richard came to Texas from Georgia. O. H. Methvin bought about 1,200 acres in East Texas, including this site, which was his cornfield. He built a home on nearby Rock Hill for . . . — Map (db m88853) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — 9959 — Old Fredonia Townsite
The community of Fredonia was founded by Haden Edwards, a land grantee who contracted in 1825 with the Mexican government to establish 800 families of settlers in East Texas. A later misunderstanding with Mexico caused him to organize the famous . . . — Map (db m89035) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Rails, Timber and Cotton Bring Growth — 1870s
What eventually became the Santa Fe line running south from Longview Junction was begun in 1877 by the locally capitalized Longview and Sabine Valley Railroad Company. As railroads opened virgin forests to harvest, 20 steam-powered sawmills were . . . — Map (db m89188) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Technology Brings Modern Conveniences — 1900s
Longview was led into the 20th Century by Mayor Gabriel Augustus Bodenheim (1873-1957), known affectionately as "Bodie." Serving as mayor 1904-1916 and 1918-1920, Bodenheim oversaw Longview's first municipal water works, sanitary sewer system . . . — Map (db m89241) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — 9941 — The Courthouses of Gregg County
  Gregg County was formed in 1873, and Longview was chosen as county seat. The first temporary courthouse was a small building at the corner of Fredonia and Tyler streets. It soon proved inadequate, however, and another temporary courthouse was . . . — Map (db m89019) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — The End of the Beginning — 1920s
By 1920, Longview boasted 9 1/2 miles of paved streets, concrete sidewalks, electric street lights, municipal garbage collection and a paid fire department with the state's first two pumping trucks. In 1920, the Longview Rotary Club was organized as . . . — Map (db m89262) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — The Fabulous Fifties — 1950s
The end of World War II ushered in a long period of national prosperity, and Longview thrived thanks to the East Texas Oil Field and associated natural gas. Construction in Longview during the 1950s rivaled or exceeded that of the 1930s. Major . . . — Map (db m89275) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — The Good Old Days — 1880s
Greater Longview developed around two focal points, each based on a separate depot on the Texas & Pacific track. The downtown depot was on the west side of Fredonia Street while the Junction depot was near the site of the original International . . . — Map (db m89192) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — The Oil Boom Brings Renewal — 1930s
Thanks to discovery of the East Texas Oil Field, Longview's population nearly tripled during the next decade, to 13,758 by 1940. While the rest of the nation suffered during the Great Depression. Longview's citizens, businesses and industry, schools . . . — Map (db m89264) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — The Railroad Transforms a Pioneer Community — 1871
Sale of lots began in September 1870, with the Southern Pacific buying another 50 acres from O.H. Methvin to extend its town site further west. To attract investors and to speed development, streets were given a metropolitan width of 100 feet. The . . . — Map (db m89153) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Then Came the Railroad — 1870
  On April 7, 1870, O.H. Methvin deeded one hundred acres of farmland to the Southern Pacific Railroad. The uptown depot was constructed immediately north of the rail track on Fredonia Street.   In 1872, the Texas & Pacific took over the . . . — Map (db m89171) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Timber – The First Industry — 1870
  The abundance of natural resources, coupled with the distribution capabilities of the railroad, beginning in 1870, gave rise to the area's first industry – timber, By 1877, there were 20 steam – powered sawmills in Gregg County, . . . — Map (db m89015) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — Transportation: Model T's, Trains & Trolleys — 1910s
Although J. Garland Pegues had established the City Garage (later Pegues-Hurst Ford), all roads leading in and out of Longview remained dirt wagon tracks. Railroads continued to be the city's lifeline. In 1910, there were 18 daily passenger trains. . . . — Map (db m89260) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — When Mule Power Moved People — 1883
  In 1883, seven prominent Longview residents chartered the Longview & Junction Railway Company. For nearly thirty years, it operated a mule-drawn trolley that ran between the Junction Depot located at the intersection of Methvin and Sixth . . . — Map (db m89168) HM
Texas (Gregg County), Longview — World War II & Its Aftermath — 1940s
During World War II, served as gathering point for the "Big Inch" pipeline. Two feet in diameter — the largest pipe yet constructed—the "Big Inch" line carried crude oil to Pennsylvania. From there, branches led to East Coast . . . — Map (db m89265) HM

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