“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Hays County Texas Historical Markers

Antioch Colony Marker image, Touch for more information
By Richard Denney, March 13, 2016
Antioch Colony Marker
Texas (Hays County), Buda — 16255 — Antioch Colony
Antioch Colony was a rural farming community formed during Reconstruction by a group of formerly enslaved African Americans. Although freed from slavery after the Civil War, African Americans still found it difficult to purchase land. In 1859, Anglo . . . — Map (db m93045) HM
Texas (Hays County), Buda — 10240 — Buda
Originally known as Du Pre, Buda was founded along a line of the International and Great Northern Railroad. Cornelia A. Trimble gave land for the townsite in 1881. The name “Buda” was adopted in the late 1880s, although its origin is . . . — Map (db m52991) HM
Texas (Hays County), Buda — 10241 — Buda Christian Church
Organized in 1893, the Buda Christian Church met in the Methodist church building until a church was built on this site in 1903. After it was destroyed in a 1909 storm, this structure was built in 1912. Membership began to decline in the 1940s, and . . . — Map (db m117936) HM
Texas (Hays County), Buda — 14464 — Buda School
The Buda school system organized from the consolidation of several 19th century rural schools, including Elm Grove (largest school in Hays County in 1876), Goforth, Turnersville, Mountain City, Antioch, Science Hall and Kellyville. In 1881, the year . . . — Map (db m149501) HM
Texas (Hays County), Buda — 10242 — Buda United Methodist Church
This church was established in 1880 under the leadership of the Rev. Thomas Garrett, one of the pioneer Methodist circuit riders who conducted early services and camp meetings in the area around Mountain City (2 mi. W). It was the first church in . . . — Map (db m149502) HM
Texas (Hays County), Buda — 10265 — First Baptist Church of Buda
In July 1882, the year after the founding of Du Pre, now Buda, M. Lawson, A. Teague and W. A. Hancock petitioned the San Marcos Baptist Association for the formation of this church. The first pastor was the Rev. D. A. Porter, ordained in the nearby . . . — Map (db m117939) HM
Texas (Hays County), Buda — 17245 — McElroy-Severn House(Onion Creek Post Office and Stagecoach House)
The complex that includes the McElroy-Severn House/Stagecoach House and Onion Creek Post Office occupies a 51-acre tract of land on a high bluff above a branch leading into Onion Creek, about a quarter mile east of Buda. The post office and . . . — Map (db m80186) HM
Texas (Hays County), Driftwood — 10248 — Camp Ben McCulloch No. 946 United Confederate Veterans
Hays County Confederate veterans and their families gathered for a reunion in the summer of 1896 and formally organized the Camp Ben McCulloch Chapter of the United Confederate Veterans. The gathering took place near this site at the Martin Spring . . . — Map (db m93043) HM
Texas (Hays County), Dripping Springs — 10300 — The Marshall-Chapman Home
Burrell J. Marshall (1826-1872) built this residence in 1871 by adding rooms of native limestone to an existing frame structure. He used his home briefly as a post office while he was postmaster. When Marshall died in 1872, his widow Martha . . . — Map (db m135056) HM
Texas (Hays County), Dripping Springs — 20107 — W.T. Chapman
Born in Georgia, William Thomas Chapman (1835-1917) came to Texas after the Civil War during which he was wounded, incarcerated and released after taking the Oath of Allegiance to the United States. By 1872, he was in the Dripping Springs area. He . . . — Map (db m135055) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 10235 — Beef for the Confederacy
Throughout Hays County, 1861-65, as in the rest of Texas, beef production for the Confederacy was a major patriotic service. Leading ranchers, called Government Stockraisers, had the duty of supplying the Commissary Department of the Army. . . . — Map (db m120737) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 17342 — Bunton Branch Bridge
Bridge No. 44, now known as the Bunton Branch Bridge, is located just north of Kyle on a north-south section of road that parallels Interstate 35, a remnant of the 1915 Austin-Aan Antonio post road. The bridge crosses Bunton Branch, an intermittent . . . — Map (db m119646) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 15989 — Cora Jackman Donalson House
Cora Frances Jackman (b. 1853) was the daughter of Sidney Drake and Martha (Slavin) Jackman. Her father, a Confederate general during the Civil War and later a state representative and U.S. Marshal, settled his family in Hays County in 1865. Cora . . . — Map (db m120753) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 10267 — First Baptist Church of Kyle
Founded at Mountain City, 1872. Original pastor: the Rev. J. C. Tally. A dynamic congregation, this church within two months of its origin licensed (and later ordained) D. A. Porter as a minister; in 1879 demitted 26 members to form church nearby; . . . — Map (db m120743) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 10243 — John Wheeler Bunton
Born in Sumner County, Tenn., John Wheeler Bunton migrated to Texas in 1833. To secure freedom for his new homeland, he signed the Texas Declaration of Independence, helped draft a constitution, and fought in the Siege of Bexar and the Battle of San . . . — Map (db m149503) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 10310 — Katherine Anne Porter(May 15, 1890 - September 18, 1980)
Katherine Anne Porter, one of America's most distinguished writers of fiction, was born Callie Russell Porter in Indian Creek, Brown County, Texas. Her mother, Mary Alice Jones Porter, died in 1892, and her father, Harrison Boone Porter (1858-1942) . . . — Map (db m120740) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 10288 — Kyle
Two antebellum settlements, the Blanco or Nance community (7 mi. W) and Mountain City (3 mi. W), provided the early population and business for Kyle after the city was founded in 1880. Fergus Kyle, for whom the town was named, and the family of . . . — Map (db m119647) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 10290 — Kyle Cemetery
Many people instrumental in the early development of this area are buried in Kyle Cemetery. Colonel Clairborne Kyle, one of Hays County's original settlers, buried his adopted son, willie Parks, here in 1849. Although Parks' interment is the first . . . — Map (db m119684) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 18617 — Kyle Pioneer Family Cemetery
The official name Kyle pioneer Family cemetery is what the African American descendants of people who were enslave and freed , Known locally as the Old Kyle Slave Cemetery , the Kyle Family Pioneer Cemetery lay unnoticed and forgotten for many . . . — Map (db m139636) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 13947 — Lex Word and the Bon Ton
For generations this site was the commercial and social heart of the community. Wallace Alexander "Lex" Word (1896-1982) was born in Kyle to William Alexander and Mamie (Sledge) Word, but tragically his father died two months before Lex was born. . . . — Map (db m149506) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 10340 — Old D. A. Young Building
First permanent store in Kyle. Builder, David Alexander Young (1841-1883), moved with parents to Texas from Tennessee, 1857. D. A. Young, one of 179 Hays County men in Civil War, was wounded fighting in Woods' 32nd Cavalry. When International & . . . — Map (db m149509) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 10289 — The Kyle Auction Oak
When Kyle was founded along the International & Great Northern Railroad in 1880, this giant liveoak was site of a public auction of town lots. The railway was given 200 acres of land by Fergus Kyle (1834-1905), state representative for whom the . . . — Map (db m120751) HM
Texas (Hays County), Kyle — 13939 — WPA Projects at Kyle School
Public education in the Kyle area dates to the Texas Constitution of 1876 and its establishment of a statewide free school system. Under this legislation, school trustees D.A. Barbee, D.J.B. Barbee and Captain Fergus Kyle founded the Summit School . . . — Map (db m119669) HM
Texas (Hays County), Niederwald — 10277 — Goforth
Once the center of cotton-producing activity in Hays County, Goforth became a ghost town during the 1920s. The community was established in the 1870s by James Taylor Goforth (1849-1915), who operated a general store at this site. Goforth's store . . . — Map (db m149518) HM
Texas (Hays County), Niederwald — 10301 — Martin Church of Goforth
This church was started in 1874 to serve the pioneer settlers of the cotton-producing area around the Goforth community. Worship services were conducted for members representing various denominations. Land at this site was deeded to the church in . . . — Map (db m149520) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10294 — Charles Lewis McGehee Cabin
The McGehee family came to Texas from Alabama in 1847. In 1859, Charles Lewis McGehee, Jr. (1837-1929) acquired this property along the San Marcos River. He soon built this cabin (1/2 mi. E) for his wife, Sarah Jane (Humphreys), and their children. . . . — Map (db m69115) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 18897 — Cheatham-Hohenberg Cemetery
Close to the east bank of the Blanco River before its confluence with the San Marcos River, a solitary knoll protrudes from the Blackland Prairie. Its name, Indian Hill, is indicative of its historical significance going back thousands of years. The . . . — Map (db m149169) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — Col. Ignacio Elizondo’s 1813 Campaign
In 1813 royalist Lieutenant Colonel Ignacio Elizondo led 500 cavalrymen in pursuit of retreating Mexican and Anglo-American insurrectionists along this road. A hacienda owner in Coahuila, Elizondo initially joined Father Miguel Hidalgo’s . . . — Map (db m69109) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10256 — Don Felipe Roque de la Portilla
At the request of Antonio Cordero, interim governor of the Province of Texas, Spanish-born Felipe Roque de la Portilla (1768?-1841) established a colony here on El Camino Real. With his own family of eight, he brought 51 persons from the interior of . . . — Map (db m125691) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 17805 — Eddie Durham
The Texas influence on jazz history, especially through the careers of individual artists, is well documented. The efforts and influences of African American jazz musician Eddie Durham can be seen in many aspects of jazz music and musicians today. . . . — Map (db m149883) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — El Camino De Nacogdoches
The gulley seen about fifty yards behind this marker originated from ruts in the El Camino Real (the Royal Road) from San Antonio to Nacogdoches. The road actually had two routes through what is now Hays County, and, creating confusion, both had . . . — Map (db m20273) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10264 — Farmers Union Gin Company
Local farmers Henry Kellerman, J. H. Barbee, A. H. Fleming, I. B. Rylander, and J. H. Williams purchased this site in 1908. Through their efforts the Farmers Union Gin Company was established here under the leadership of Oscar Calvin Smith. The . . . — Map (db m149916) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10272 — First National Bank of San Marcos
Ed J. L. Green (1841-1924) came to San Marcos in 1859 from Arkansas. He saw the need for a bank, bought the lots on the south side of the Courthouse Square in 1878, and erected a large two-story rock building. "Green's Bank" opened May 6, 1879. He . . . — Map (db m149840) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — Gen. Antonio Gaona’s 1836 Campaign
During the War for Texas Independence, Mexican General Antonio Gaona marched his division up this road. Gaona had received his training in the Royal Spanish Army in his native Cuba. During the Mexican Revolution against Spain, however, he . . . — Map (db m69111) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10293 — McGehee Crossing
The Camino Real, also known as the Old San Antonio Road and the King's Highway, followed a route from Nacogdoches to the Rio Grande. Louis Juchereau de St. Denis (1676-1744) traveled the route to establish trade between the French in Louisiana and . . . — Map (db m76901) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10311 — Post San Marcos
The Republic of Texas Congress in Dec. 1838 called for military roads and forts from Red River to the Nueces. A road from Austin, joining El Camino Real near St. Mark's Springs, was designed for rapid communication between San Antonio and the . . . — Map (db m70967) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10325 — San Marcos Springs
Pouring forth millions of gallons of clear, icy water daily, these springs feed the San Marcos River and the 1,380-square-mile area which it drains. The immense springs rise at the Balcones Escarpment, a geologic fault line which slices across the . . . — Map (db m68778) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10253 — Site of Coronal Institute
Established 1868 by educator O.N. Hollingsworth. A private school, it was coeducational and offered military training to boys. So-named because it was a Coronal (crown) atop this hill. In 1870 the Rev. R.H. Belvin bought school, but sold it to the . . . — Map (db m76900) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10274 — Site of Hays County's First Public Building
Early San Marcos settlers erected log house here in 1847. Of elm, cedar and cypress, and built for church and school, the cabin had a floor of dirt, later one of puncheons (split logs). It was used as courthouse after Hays County was created . . . — Map (db m149829) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10319 — Site of the First Town of San Marcos
Known officially as Villa de San Marcos de Neve. Established in 1807 by Mexican settlers. The population on January 6, 1808 was 81. A flood in 1808 and subsequent Indian raids led to its abandonment in 1812 — Map (db m76023) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 16941 — Southside School
During the first half of the 20th century, San Marcos, like most communities across the United States, segregated its school facilities. Mexican-American children were first taught in a school building previously used by the community’s . . . — Map (db m149929) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10246 — The Calaboose
Constructed as the first Hays County Jail in 1873, this small brick structure was later an annex for black prisoners. Known locally as the Calaboose, it became a neighborhood recreation center after the city of San Marcos acquired it in 1885. In the . . . — Map (db m76897) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — The Cattle Drives
Starting in 1866 the broad valley behind this marker was the scene of cattle drives from the south Texas brush country to Kansas railheads, where livestock was then shipped to eastern markets. These old routes where always imprecise because, as one . . . — Map (db m69113) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10280 — The Courthouses of Hays County
When Hays County originated in 1848, its one public building was a log church-schoolhouse that had to serve as the courthouse, along with its other uses. Although the San Marcos townsite, platted in 1851, contained a court square donated to the . . . — Map (db m111158) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10292 — The Old Lime Kiln
This site near the source of the San Marcos River was part of the Thomas J. Chambers grant of 1834. The tract was sold in 1848 to Gen. Edward Burleson (1798-1851), military and political leader in early Texas, who built a cabin nearby. A later . . . — Map (db m149827) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — The Old Triangle
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, San Marcos firemen were summoned to a blaze by the clanging sound of a huge triangle which hung from a tree limb at the right of this entrance to the Hays County Courthouse. The great (55 pound) . . . — Map (db m111155) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10331 — Thompson's Islands
William A. Thompson brought his family and slaves to Texas from Louisiana in 1850. They established plantations in Caldwell and Hays counties. With slave labor, the family built a mill on the San Marcos River near this site. Construction and . . . — Map (db m149931) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10251 — Ulysses Cephas(1884-1952)
The son of former slaves Joe and Elizabeth Cephas, Ulysses Cephas was born in San Marcos. He was trained at an early age to carry on the blacksmithing trade of his father. Known as "Boots" to his friends and family, Cephas eventually owned his own . . . — Map (db m149882) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10335 — Wesley Chapel A. M. E. Church
Wesley Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church traces its history to 1875, and is believed to be the oldest African American congregation in San Marcos. The first church building was erected on this site in 1879, and later was replaced by a . . . — Map (db m149884) HM
Texas (Hays County), San Marcos — 10338 — Wonder Cave
In Balcones Fault, created by prehistoric earth shift. Said to have been campsite of Indians and Spaniards, especially priests who planted anaqua trees in area. By legend, robber gangs in 1820s cached Camino Real booty here. Discovered 1893 for . . . — Map (db m53525) HM

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May. 25, 2020