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Lee County Mississippi Historical Markers

 
Advance Forces of General Forrest Marker image, Touch for more information
By Brandon Fletcher, November 30, 2008
Advance Forces of General Forrest Marker
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Advance Forces of General Forrest
Advance forces of General Forrest and General Sturgis' cavalry met in skirmish here. The 3rd, 7th, 8th, and 12th Kentucky (Confederate) met the 4th Missouri, 3rd, 9th Illinois and 2nd New Jersey shortly before forming . . . — Map (db m89093) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Battle of Brices Cross RoadsJune 10, 1864 — The Western Campaign, 1864
When General Sherman advanced on Atlanta, General Forrest sought to destroy the Union supply line between Nashville and Chattanooga. He had nearly reached the Tennessee River when he had to turn back to meet a Union force marching southeast from . . . — Map (db m8365) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Battle of Brice's Cross Roads
. . . — Map (db m72156) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Bethany A.R.P. Church
Organized in 1852 by the Alabama Presbytery, Bethany Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church had a charter membership of twenty-five including four slaves. The church was used as a hospital in 1864 following the Battle of Brice's Cross Roads. The . . . — Map (db m60738) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Brice Home
The Brice Home stood where monument is located The battle scarred, two-story house, with its blood-stained floors and walls was used by wounded of both armies to escape shot and shell as the battle raged. . . . — Map (db m89045) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — A-1 — Brice's Cross RoadsJune 10, 1864
Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest "owned" northern Mississippi and southwestern Tennessee in mid-1864, but that was not where the war was being won or lost. Port Hudson, Louisiana, and Vicksburg, Mississippi, had fallen in July 1863, giving the Union . . . — Map (db m62170) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-2 — Brice's Cross RoadsFirst Main Battle Line (Union)
Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had . . . — Map (db m62172) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-1 — Brice's Cross RoadsFirst Main Battle Line Overview
By 10:00 a.m. on June 10, 1864, Col. George Waring's Federal cavalry had reached the Cross Roads. The troops deployed on either side of the Baldwyn Road, in the woods at the western edge of a cleared field, one-half mile east of the Cross Roads. . . . — Map (db m62173) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Chief Tishomingo
Long before Civil War soldiers fought at this site in 1864, this land was part of the Chickasaw Nation. Tishomingo, whose name derived from the Chickasaw title tishu minko meaning "speaker for the chief" or "assistant chief" in the Chickasaw . . . — Map (db m61924) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Confederate's First Battle Line Formed Here
at 1:00 o'clock. General Forrest's men were all on the field ready for action. From a quarter of a mile north and extending more than a mile south across the Guntown Road the Confederates formed a pincers movement against the enemy. Confederate . . . — Map (db m62106) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Confederate's Second Battle Line
Pushing the Union forces back, General Forrest slowly closed his pincers movement, forcing General Sturgis nearer the Crossroads. This line was anchored on the Blackland Road 400 yards northwest. The southern end across the Guntown Road. . . . — Map (db m62110) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Federal Cavalry and Artillery Formed First Battle Line Here
From 500 hundred yards north and extending more than a mile south, across the Guntown Road, this Line, behind rail fences and dense scrub-oak thickets fought stubbornly as the Confederates pushed on to the Crossroads. Hand to hand fighting along . . . — Map (db m62108) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Federal's Second Battle Line
Federal's Second Battle Line General Sturis was able to use his infantry here for the first time in the battle. General Forrest had beaten the Union Cavalry before the infantry reached the battlefield. Infantry and cavalry formed . . . — Map (db m89096) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — First Shots of the Battle of Brice's Crossroads
First Shots of the Battle of Brice's Crossroads were fired here at 9:30 Morning of June 10, 1864 Scouts from General Nathan Bedford Forrest's 7th Tennessee (Confederate) met scouts from General Samuel D. Sturgis' 4th . . . — Map (db m89091) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — General Barteau's Flank Movement
Along the ridge north-east, General Barteau's 2nd Tennessee flanked the Union forces, creating havoc among white and negro soldiers of General Sturgis' command. — Map (db m61957) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — General Sturgis' Supreme Effort
To Hold The Crossroads Placing the 93rd Illinois, 8th Illinois and 114th Illinois Infantry here and immediately behind, he placed his artillery consisting of Battery B of 2nd Illinois; 7th Wisconsin Battery; 14th Indiana . . . — Map (db m5738) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Interpretive SitesBattle of Brice's Crossroads • June 10, 1864 Battle of Tupelo • July 13-15, 1864
Welcome to the Mississippi's Final Stands Interpretive Center. After visiting our museum gallery, we hope that you will tour the Brice's Crossroads and Tupelo battlefields for yourself, with the help of our audio tour and roadside signage. . . . — Map (db m91147) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Morton's Battery
(front) Dedicated to Morton's Battery Forrest's Artillery and John W. Morton, Jr. Gen. N.B. Forrest's Chief of Artillery and the Confederacy's youngest artillery captain Morton's Battery fought here during the . . . — Map (db m89046) HM WM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Spoils of War
As Confederate cannon rained fire on exhausted Union troops waiting to cross Tishomingo Creek, a somewhat orderly retreat turned into a panicked rout. Soldiers swam across the creek, bypassing the clogged and bottlenecked bridge and ran into the . . . — Map (db m61930) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Tishomingo Creek Bridge
The Federal retreat at the Battle of Brice's Crossroads was funneled onto a small bridge across Tishomingo Creek. The structure was too narrow for Sturgis' Expeditionary Force, and the span quickly became a bottleneck as horses, wagons, cannon, and . . . — Map (db m61927) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Tishomingo Creek Bridge
Retreating wagons blocked bridge. General Forrest captured 200 Wagons, 14 pieces of artillery and hundreds of men. Artillery fire from the Crossroads killed hundreds of Federals here. — Map (db m61953) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Twentymile Bottom
Twentymile Bottom, now cultivated, was typical of the many low areas along streams through which the Natchez Trace passed.      In 1812 Reverend John Johnson stopped at Old Factors Stand, near this bottom, and wrote this account of bottomland . . . — Map (db m84764) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Union Wagon Train
A critical factor in the Union defeat at Brice's Crossroads was the decision by an unknown officer to bring most if not all of the Union supply train across the Tishomingo Creek Bridge and into the field across the road from where you now stand. . . . — Map (db m62176) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Guntown — Battle of Brice's Cross Roads, MSJune 10, 1864 — Civil War Preservation Trust
8,000 Federal infantry and cavalry, led by Gen. Samuel Sturgis, left Memphis on a dual mission to destroy Confederate supply lines and to engage Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest. It was here on June 10, 1864, that the Union army was forced to . . . — Map (db m91178) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Guntown — Dogwood Valley
Flowering dogwood is a common small tree throughout the eastern United States from Maine and Michigan south to Texas and Florida.      Here the Natchez Trace passes through a small valley with an unusual stand of large dogwood trees.      An . . . — Map (db m84765) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Guntown — Tippah, Tishomingo, Pontotoc, Itawamba Intersection
Near this site is the intersection of a local road between the county seats of Ripley (Tippah) and Fulton (Itawamba) and the wire road that connected the county seats of Jacinto (Tishomingo) and Pontotoc (Pontotoc). The community of Bethany, . . . — Map (db m91176) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Guntown — Treaty of Pontotoc
In 1832, this area ceded from the Chickasaw Nation to the United States by the Treaty of Pontotoc and became part of the State of Mississippi. According to the treaty, the land was surveyed and offered for sale by the Federal Government. The . . . — Map (db m91177) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Guntown — Tyler's Flanking Maneuver
"Hit 'em on the e-e-end!" As Nathan Bedford Forrest closed on the Union defenders at the critical intersection at Brice's Crossroads, he dispatched two companies of the Twelfth Kentucky under Captain Henry A. Tyler, along with his personal . . . — Map (db m91216) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Saltillo — Old TraceNational Park Service — Natchez Trace Parkway
Much of the Old Trace had been abandoned by the start of the civil war. However, the war did leave its mark on the Trace as it did upon the rest of the South, as soldiers marched, camped and fought along portions of this historic old road. A 5 . . . — Map (db m61803) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Saltillo — Thirteen Unknown Confederates
Were they some of Shiloh’s wounded who retreated here in 1862 to die beside the Natchez Trace? Did they serve under the daring General Nathan Forest who passed this way in 1864? Or were they guarding the Tupelo headquarters of J.B. Hood’s Army of . . . — Map (db m84774) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Shannon — Black Belt
Ages ago this area was under an arm of the ocean. Shells and other marine organisms were deposited to form the limestone seen here.      Exposure of the limestone to all types of weathering gradually changed it into a heavy fertile soil of various . . . — Map (db m84816) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Battle of Ackia
Near here, on May 26, 1736, French and Choctaw invaders under Bienville were soundly repulsed by Chickasaws defending the Ackia, Apeony, and Chukafalaya villages. Many French casualties occurred. — Map (db m102783) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Battle of Tupelo
. . . — Map (db m5739) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Battle of TupeloThe Western Campaign, 1864
In the summer of 1864, General Forrest's hard hitting troops in Northern Mississippi threatened the supplies of General Sherman's campaign against Atlanta. Therefore, General A. J. Smith marched 14,000 Union troops against Forrest. He reached Tupelo . . . — Map (db m6784) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — MS-54 — Birthplace of Elvis Presley
Elvis Aaron Presley was born Jan. 8, 1935, in this house built by his father. Presley's career as a singer and entertainer redefined American popular music. He died on Aug. 16, 1977, at Memphis, Tennessee. — Map (db m4477) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Carver School / Desegregation of Schools Across the South — Heritage Trails Enrichment Program
Carver School Named for Dr. George Washington Carver, Carver School was built in 1939 to serve the educational Tupelo's African-American children Carver, along with local churches, was the center of social activities for the . . . — Map (db m102833) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Chickasaw Village Site
(Marker #1) A Chickasaw Village Here once stood an Indian village of several houses and a fort. Summer House During the summer they lived in rectangular well-ventilated houses. Winter House In the winter . . . — Map (db m84809) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — 12 — Elvis Country
Front Raised on country here in Tupelo, first introduced as “The Hillbilly Cat,” then by RCA Victor as “the hottest new name in country music,” Elvis Presley’s revolutionary musical mix always had country as a key . . . — Map (db m102752) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Elvis Presley and the Blues
Marker Front: Elvis Presley revolutionized popular music by blending the blues he first heard as a youth in Tupelo with country, pop, and gospel. Many of the first songs Elvis recorded for the Sun label in Memphis were covers of earlier . . . — Map (db m29823) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Elvis Presley and Tupelo
On October 3, 1945, a ten-year old Elvis played to his first crowd on these grounds and took 5th place in a talent show. Eleven years later he returned as the King of Rock and Roll! Elvis in Tupelo Elvis Aron Presley was born . . . — Map (db m91174) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Elvis Presley's Childhood Church
Attend a Pentecostal church service where Elvis first fell in love with gospel music. Elvis Presley Birthplace presents a unique experience in the First Assembly of God Church where Elvis and his family regularly attended service. This structure . . . — Map (db m29821) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — In Commemoration of Hernando De Soto
In Commemoration of Hernando De Soto and his men who spent the winter of 1540 — 1541 in North East Mississippi prior to his discovery of the Mississippi River — Map (db m102786) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Lee County Library — Elvis Presley Monument Plaques
At this site on February 13, 1948, 13-year-old Elvis, accompanied by his mother Gladys, applied for his first library card. Through the books he read from the Lee County Library, Elvis would vicariously travel to distant places and learn new things . . . — Map (db m102820) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Mayhorn Grocery — Elvis Presley Monument Plaques
In 1947, Elvis lived at the North end of Green Street, not far from here. Mayhorn Grocery previously occupied this space, and Elvis would walk to the store and sit on the porch listening to the blues. It was also here that he heard the sounds of . . . — Map (db m102821) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Natchez Trace at Lee County
This monument marks a stage in the course of the Natchez Trace through Mississippi. Over this first high-road came a tide of the best population of the older Southern states seeking homes in the Southwest. After the Treaty of Pontotoc, Oct. 20, . . . — Map (db m84800) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Native American SiteWoodland Period CA 1000 BC
. . . — Map (db m102785) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Old Town Creek
In the early 1800's ordinary Americans could not be bothered with learning the names of Chickasaw villages on the Natchez Trace. One they called Old Town, and passed the name on to the stream running through this valley. It is one of the sources of . . . — Map (db m84799) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Robins Field / High School Football During Segregation — Heritage Trails Enrichment Program
Robins Field Built in 1927, Robins Field was named for former Tupelo Mayor D.W. Robins and served as the Tupelo Schools' football field until 1991. On Friday nights, the all-white Tupelo High School Golden Wave football team played . . . — Map (db m102826) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Shake Rag(Shakerag)
Marker Front: Shake Rag, located east of the old M & O (later GM & O) railway tracks and extending northward from Main Street, was one of several historic African American communities in Tupelo. By the 1920s blues and jazz flowed freely . . . — Map (db m29629) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Shake Rag Community
From 1943~47, Elvis' father, Vernon, worked for L.P. McCarty & Son's local wholesale grocery company making deliveries to various parts of the City. Shake Rag, a historically black community, was one of his delivery areas. It was here that Elvis . . . — Map (db m29630) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Sit-Ins Led to Civil Rights Act of 1964 / F.W. Woolworth
Sit-Ins Led to Civil Rights Act of 1964 During the 1960s, F. W. Woolworth Company operated lunch counters at its "five-and-dime stores" on a "local custom" basis - meaning racially segregated seating in the Southern United States. . . . — Map (db m102846) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Spring Hill Missionary Baptist Church / A Strong Voice in the Civil Rights Struggle in Tupelo — Heritage Trails Enrichment Program
Spring Hill Missionary Baptist Church Established approximately during the 1850s, Spring Hill Missionary Baptist Church is the oldest African-American Church in Tupelo, The original sanctuary, still standing today, was completed . . . — Map (db m102827) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — The Battle of King's Creek / The Campaign to Take Vicksburg
The Battle of King's Creek The campaign to take Vicksburg and control of the Mississippi River had begun. On May 5, 1863, mounted infantry and cavalry units of the Federal Ninth Illinois, Tenth Missouri and Seventh Kansas, under . . . — Map (db m102851) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — The Dixie Bell Theater / The March of Discontent — Heritage Trails Enrichment Program
The Dixie Bell Theater The rights of African-Americans during Reconstruction were greatly increased, and passage of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U. S. Constitution and the Civil Rights Acts of 1875 . . . — Map (db m102834) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — The Green Street Business District / Social Hub — Heritage Trails Enrichment Program
The Green Street Business District The Green Street business district was the hub of the black community in the early part of the century, up to and beyond desegregation. The area from Barnes Street to Spring Street housed the . . . — Map (db m102831) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — The Iron Furnace / Front Street
The Iron Furnace Hundreds of Union prisoners were interned here during the summer of 1862. Treated reasonably and guarded lightly, few tried to escape in anticipation of being exchanged, as was common practice early in the war. . . . — Map (db m102840) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — The Outhouse
This is a replica of an outhouse that was typical in a poor, Southern neighborhood. Oftentimes, a single privy was shared by several residents. The original outhouse located behind the row of rental houses along Saltillo Road was also shared by . . . — Map (db m102842) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — The Tupelo Swamp / Plank Road
The Tupelo Swamp Military strategists agree that when two forces of equal size oppose one another, the defending force has the advantage. Tupelo's geography emphasized that point during the war. Surrounded north, east and south by . . . — Map (db m102841) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — The Younger Cabin / Confederate Headquarters
Side 1 At the onset of the Civil War, there were a few homes located in Tupelo near the intersection of the recently completed Mobile and Ohio Railroad and the Pontotoc-to-Fulton Road, now Main Street. One of those homes was the . . . — Map (db m91175) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Town Creek Tupelo Encampment / Camp Life in Tupelo
Town Creek Tupelo Encampment Throughout the Civil War, the Tupelo area was ideal for large numbers of troops to camp, train and recuperate from sickness, wounds and fatigue. There was an abundance of clean water and of billy land . . . — Map (db m102843) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Tupelo Baptist Church / Kind Treatment for the Wounded — Heritage Trails Enrichment Program
Tupelo Baptist Church As often happened in the middle of Civil War conflict, partisan lines became blurred when the care of wounded soldiers was necessary. A field hospital created by Union troops to treat their soldiers wounded in . . . — Map (db m102838) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Tupelo Campaign: Harrisburg July 14
The sun rose on July 14 with Union General Andrew J. Smith having stolen the advantage from Confederate Generals Forrest and Lee. The Union line occupied high ground, facing west and north The Confederate forces, with 7,500 men compared to Smith's . . . — Map (db m102773) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Tupelo Campaign: Old Town Creek, July 15
Although General Smith and the Union troops had defeated the Confederates on July 14, according to Sherman's orders. Smith should have attacked Forrest and Lee in an attempt to destroy the Confederate cavalry. Examining his supplies . . . — Map (db m102779) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Tupelo Campaign: Pontotoc Road, July 13
As Union general William T. Sherman started his Atlanta Campaign in the summer of 1864, he wanted to protect his vulnerable supply line by ensuring that Confederate cavalry, including General Nathan Bedford Forrest, did not attack it. In June, an . . . — Map (db m102780) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Tupelo Confederate Soldiers Monument
(front) CSA Erected in honor of and to the memory of Confederate Soldiers by their comrades, their sons and daughters. The love, gratitude, and memory of the people of the South Shall gild their fame in one eternal . . . — Map (db m89098) WM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Tupelo Hardware — Elvis Presley Monument Plaques
In 1946, Elvis' mother, Gladys brought him here to buy a bicycle. Once they arrived, a 22-caliber rifle caught Elvis' eye, and he asked his mother to buy it instead. She wasn't happy about purchasing a gun so they compromised on a guitar. Forest L. . . . — Map (db m102822) HM

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