Advance forces of
cavalry met in
The 3rd, 7th, 8th, and 12th
met the 4th Missouri, 3rd,
9th Illinois and 2nd New
Jersey shortly before
forming . . . — Map (db m89093) HM
When General Sherman advanced on Atlanta, General Forrest sought to destroy the Union supply line between Nashville and Chattanooga. He had nearly reached the Tennessee River when he had to turn back to meet a Union force marching southeast from . . . — Map (db m8365) HM
Organized in 1852 by the Alabama Presbytery, Bethany Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church had a charter membership of twenty-five including four slaves. The church was used as a hospital in 1864 following the Battle of Brice's Cross Roads. The . . . — Map (db m60738) HM
The Brice Home
where monument is
The battle scarred,
two-story house, with
its blood-stained floors
and walls was used by
wounded of both armies
to escape shot and shell
as the battle raged. . . . — Map (db m89045) HM
Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest "owned" northern Mississippi and southwestern Tennessee in mid-1864, but that was not where the war was being won or lost. Port Hudson, Louisiana, and Vicksburg, Mississippi, had fallen in July 1863, giving the Union . . . — Map (db m62170) HM
Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had . . . — Map (db m62172) HM
By 10:00 a.m. on June 10, 1864, Col. George Waring's Federal cavalry had reached the Cross Roads. The troops deployed on either side of the Baldwyn Road, in the woods at the western edge of a cleared field, one-half mile east of the Cross Roads. . . . — Map (db m62173) HM
Long before Civil War soldiers fought at this site in 1864, this land was part of the Chickasaw Nation. Tishomingo, whose name derived from the Chickasaw title tishu minko meaning "speaker for the chief" or "assistant chief" in the Chickasaw . . . — Map (db m61924) HM
at 1:00 o'clock. General Forrest's men were all on the field ready for action. From a quarter of a mile north and extending more than a mile south across the Guntown Road the Confederates formed a pincers movement against the enemy. Confederate . . . — Map (db m62106) HM
Pushing the Union forces back, General Forrest slowly closed his pincers movement, forcing General Sturgis nearer the Crossroads. This line was anchored on the Blackland Road 400 yards northwest. The southern end across the Guntown Road. . . . — Map (db m62110) HM
From 500 hundred yards north and extending more than a mile south, across the Guntown Road, this Line, behind rail fences and dense scrub-oak thickets fought stubbornly as the Confederates pushed on to the Crossroads. Hand to hand fighting along . . . — Map (db m62108) HM
Second Battle Line
General Sturis was able to use
his infantry here for the first
time in the battle. General Forrest
had beaten the Union Cavalry
before the infantry reached the
battlefield. Infantry and cavalry
formed . . . — Map (db m89096) HM
First Shots of
the Battle of
were fired here
June 10, 1864
Scouts from General
Nathan Bedford Forrest's
7th Tennessee (Confederate)
met scouts from General
Samuel D. Sturgis' 4th . . . — Map (db m89091) HM
Placing the 93rd Illinois,
8th Illinois and 114th
Illinois Infantry here and
immediately behind, he
placed his artillery
consisting of Battery B
of 2nd Illinois; 7th Wisconsin
Battery; 14th Indiana . . . — Map (db m5738) HM
Welcome to the Mississippi's Final Stands Interpretive Center. After visiting our museum gallery, we hope that you will tour the Brice's Crossroads and Tupelo battlefields for yourself, with the help of our audio tour and roadside signage.
. . . — Map (db m91147) HM
John W. Morton, Jr.
Gen. N.B. Forrest's
Chief of Artillery and
youngest artillery captain
Morton's Battery fought here
during the . . . — Map (db m89046) HM WM
As Confederate cannon rained fire on exhausted Union troops waiting to cross Tishomingo Creek, a somewhat orderly retreat turned into a panicked rout. Soldiers swam across the creek, bypassing the clogged and bottlenecked bridge and ran into the . . . — Map (db m61930) HM
The Federal retreat at the Battle of Brice's Crossroads was funneled onto a small bridge across Tishomingo Creek. The structure was too narrow for Sturgis' Expeditionary Force, and the span quickly became a bottleneck as horses, wagons, cannon, and . . . — Map (db m61927) HM
Retreating wagons blocked bridge. General Forrest captured 200 Wagons, 14 pieces of artillery and hundreds of men. Artillery fire from the Crossroads killed hundreds of Federals here. — Map (db m61953) HM
Twentymile Bottom, now cultivated, was typical of the many low areas along streams through which the Natchez Trace passed.
In 1812 Reverend John Johnson stopped at Old Factors Stand, near this bottom, and wrote this account of bottomland . . . — Map (db m84764) HM
A critical factor in the Union defeat at Brice's Crossroads was the decision by an unknown officer to bring most if not all of the Union supply train across the Tishomingo Creek Bridge and into the field across the road from where you now stand. . . . — Map (db m62176) HM
8,000 Federal infantry and cavalry, led by Gen. Samuel Sturgis, left Memphis on a dual mission to destroy Confederate supply lines and to engage Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest. It was here on June 10, 1864, that the Union army was forced to . . . — Map (db m91178) HM
Flowering dogwood is a common small tree throughout the eastern United States from Maine and Michigan south to Texas and Florida.
Here the Natchez Trace passes through a small valley with an unusual stand of large dogwood trees.
An . . . — Map (db m84765) HM
Near this site is the intersection of a local road between the county seats of Ripley (Tippah) and Fulton (Itawamba) and the wire road that connected the county seats of Jacinto (Tishomingo) and Pontotoc (Pontotoc). The community of Bethany, . . . — Map (db m91176) HM
In 1832, this area ceded from the Chickasaw Nation to the United States by the Treaty of Pontotoc and became part of the State of Mississippi. According to the treaty, the land was surveyed and offered for sale by the Federal Government. The . . . — Map (db m91177) HM
"Hit 'em on the e-e-end!"
As Nathan Bedford Forrest closed on the Union defenders at the critical intersection at Brice's Crossroads, he dispatched two companies of the Twelfth Kentucky under Captain Henry A. Tyler, along with his personal . . . — Map (db m91216) HM
Much of the Old Trace had been abandoned by the start of the civil war. However, the war did leave its mark on the Trace as it did upon the rest of the South, as soldiers marched, camped and fought along portions of this historic old road.
A 5 . . . — Map (db m61803) HM
Were they some of Shiloh’s wounded who retreated here in 1862 to die beside the Natchez Trace? Did they serve under the daring General Nathan Forest who passed this way in 1864? Or were they guarding the Tupelo headquarters of J.B. Hood’s Army of . . . — Map (db m84774) HM
Ages ago this area was under an arm of the ocean. Shells and other marine organisms were deposited to form the limestone seen here.
Exposure of the limestone to all types of weathering gradually changed it into a heavy fertile soil of various . . . — Map (db m84816) HM
Near here, on May 26, 1736, French and Choctaw invaders under Bienville were soundly repulsed by Chickasaws defending the Ackia, Apeony, and Chukafalaya villages. Many French casualties occurred. — Map (db m102783) HM
In the summer of 1864, General Forrest's hard hitting troops in Northern Mississippi threatened the supplies of General Sherman's campaign against Atlanta. Therefore, General A. J. Smith marched 14,000 Union troops against Forrest. He reached Tupelo . . . — Map (db m6784) HM
Elvis Aaron Presley was born Jan. 8, 1935, in this house built by his father. Presley's career as a singer and entertainer redefined American popular music. He died on Aug. 16, 1977, at Memphis, Tennessee. — Map (db m4477) HM
Named for Dr. George Washington Carver, Carver School was built in 1939 to
serve the educational Tupelo's African-American children Carver, along with local churches, was the center of social activities for the . . . — Map (db m102833) HM
A Chickasaw Village
Here once stood an Indian village of several houses and a fort.
During the summer they lived in rectangular well-ventilated houses.
In the winter . . . — Map (db m84809) HM
Raised on country here in Tupelo, first introduced as “The Hillbilly Cat,” then by RCA Victor as “the hottest new name in country music,” Elvis Presley’s revolutionary musical mix always had country as a key . . . — Map (db m102752) HM
Elvis Presley revolutionized popular music by blending the blues he first heard as a youth in Tupelo with country, pop, and gospel.
Many of the first songs Elvis recorded for the Sun label in Memphis were covers of earlier . . . — Map (db m29823) HM
On October 3, 1945, a ten-year old Elvis played to his first crowd on these grounds and took 5th place in a talent show.
Eleven years later he returned as the King of Rock and Roll!
Elvis in Tupelo
Elvis Aron Presley was born . . . — Map (db m91174) HM
Attend a Pentecostal church service where Elvis first fell in love with gospel music.
Elvis Presley Birthplace presents a unique experience in the First Assembly of God Church where Elvis and his family regularly attended service. This structure . . . — Map (db m29821) HM
At this site on February 13, 1948, 13-year-old Elvis, accompanied by his mother Gladys, applied for his first library card. Through the books he read from the Lee County Library, Elvis would vicariously travel to distant places and learn new things . . . — Map (db m102820) HM
In 1947, Elvis lived at the North end of Green Street, not far from here. Mayhorn Grocery previously occupied this space, and Elvis would walk to the store and sit on the porch listening to the blues. It was also here that he heard the sounds of . . . — Map (db m102821) HM
This monument marks a stage in the course of the Natchez Trace through Mississippi. Over this first high-road came a tide of the best population of the older Southern states seeking homes in the Southwest. After the Treaty of Pontotoc, Oct. 20, . . . — Map (db m84800) HM
In the early 1800's ordinary Americans could not be bothered with learning the names of Chickasaw villages on the Natchez Trace. One they called Old Town, and passed the name on to the stream running through this valley. It is one of the sources of . . . — Map (db m84799) HM
Built in 1927, Robins Field was named for former Tupelo Mayor D.W. Robins and served as the Tupelo Schools' football field until 1991. On Friday nights, the all-white Tupelo High School Golden Wave football team played . . . — Map (db m102826) HM
Shake Rag, located east of the old M & O (later GM & O) railway tracks and extending northward from Main Street, was one of several historic African American communities in Tupelo. By the 1920s blues and jazz flowed freely . . . — Map (db m29629) HM
From 1943~47, Elvis' father, Vernon, worked for L.P. McCarty & Son's local wholesale grocery company making deliveries to various parts of the City. Shake Rag, a historically black community, was one of his delivery areas.
It was here that Elvis . . . — Map (db m29630) HM
Sit-Ins Led to Civil Rights Act of 1964
During the 1960s, F. W. Woolworth Company operated lunch counters at its "five-and-dime stores" on a "local custom" basis - meaning racially segregated seating in the Southern United States. . . . — Map (db m102846) HM
Spring Hill Missionary Baptist Church
Established approximately during the 1850s, Spring Hill Missionary
Baptist Church is the oldest African-American Church in Tupelo, The
original sanctuary, still standing today, was completed . . . — Map (db m102827) HM
The Battle of King's Creek
The campaign to take Vicksburg and control of the Mississippi River
had begun. On May 5, 1863, mounted infantry and cavalry units of the
Federal Ninth Illinois, Tenth Missouri and Seventh Kansas, under . . . — Map (db m102851) HM
The Dixie Bell Theater
The rights of African-Americans during Reconstruction were greatly increased, and passage of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U. S. Constitution and the Civil Rights Acts of 1875 . . . — Map (db m102834) HM
The Green Street Business District
The Green Street business district was the hub of the black community in the early part of the century, up to and beyond desegregation. The area from Barnes Street to Spring Street housed the . . . — Map (db m102831) HM
The Iron Furnace
Hundreds of Union prisoners were interned here during the summer of 1862. Treated reasonably and guarded lightly, few tried to escape in anticipation of being exchanged, as was common practice early in the war. . . . — Map (db m102840) HM
This is a replica of an outhouse that was typical in a poor, Southern neighborhood.
Oftentimes, a single privy was shared by several residents. The original outhouse located behind the row of rental houses along Saltillo Road was also shared by . . . — Map (db m102842) HM
The Tupelo Swamp
Military strategists agree that when two forces of equal size oppose one another, the defending force has the advantage. Tupelo's geography emphasized that point during the war. Surrounded north, east and south by . . . — Map (db m102841) HM
At the onset of the Civil War, there were a few homes located in Tupelo near the intersection of the recently completed Mobile and Ohio Railroad and the Pontotoc-to-Fulton Road, now Main Street. One of those homes was the . . . — Map (db m91175) HM
Town Creek Tupelo Encampment
Throughout the Civil War, the Tupelo area was ideal for large numbers of troops to camp, train and recuperate from sickness, wounds and fatigue. There was an abundance of clean water and of billy land . . . — Map (db m102843) HM
Tupelo Baptist Church
As often happened in the middle of Civil War conflict, partisan lines became blurred when the care of wounded soldiers was necessary. A field hospital created by Union troops to treat their soldiers wounded in . . . — Map (db m102838) HM
The sun rose on July 14 with Union General Andrew J. Smith having stolen the advantage from
Confederate Generals Forrest and Lee. The Union line occupied high ground, facing west and north
The Confederate forces, with 7,500 men compared to Smith's . . . — Map (db m102773) HM
Although General Smith and the Union troops had defeated
the Confederates on July 14, according to Sherman's orders.
Smith should have attacked Forrest and Lee in an attempt to
destroy the Confederate cavalry. Examining his supplies . . . — Map (db m102779) HM
As Union general William T. Sherman started his Atlanta Campaign in the summer of 1864, he wanted to protect his vulnerable supply line by ensuring that Confederate cavalry, including General Nathan Bedford Forrest, did not attack it. In June, an . . . — Map (db m102780) HM
Erected in honor of
and to the memory of
sons and daughters.
The love, gratitude,
and memory of the
people of the South
Shall gild their
fame in one eternal . . . — Map (db m89098) WM
In 1946, Elvis' mother, Gladys brought him here to buy a bicycle. Once they arrived, a 22-caliber rifle caught Elvis' eye, and he asked his mother to buy it instead. She wasn't happy about purchasing a gun so they compromised on a guitar. Forest L. . . . — Map (db m102822) HM