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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Loudoun County, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Loudoun County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Loudoun County, VA (252) Clarke County, VA (72) Fairfax County, VA (474) Fauquier County, VA (109) Prince William County, VA (502) Frederick County, MD (458) Montgomery County, MD (534) Washington County, MD (835) Jefferson County, WV (340)  LoudounCounty(252) Loudoun County (252)  ClarkeCounty(72) Clarke County (72)  FairfaxCounty(474) Fairfax County (474)  FauquierCounty(109) Fauquier County (109)  PrinceWilliamCounty(502) Prince William County (502)  FrederickCountyMaryland(458) Frederick County (458)  MontgomeryCounty(534) Montgomery County (534)  WashingtonCounty(835) Washington County (835)  JeffersonCountyWest Virginia(340) Jefferson County (340)
Adjacent to Loudoun County, Virginia
    Clarke County (72)
    Fairfax County (474)
    Fauquier County (109)
    Prince William County (502)
    Frederick County, Maryland (458)
    Montgomery County, Maryland (534)
    Washington County, Maryland (835)
    Jefferson County, West Virginia (340)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Virginia (Loudoun County), Airmont — T-54 — Bushrod Lynn(1842-1917)
Bushrod Lynn was born in Loudoun County in 1842 and lived here at East Lynn. From 1891 to 1897, Lynn served as superintendent of the Virginia Penitentiary. During a period characterized by harsh prison conditions, Lynn instituted prison reforms that . . . — Map (db m97269) HM
2Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Aldie Mill
In the 1800s and early 1900s Aldie Mill reverberated with the rhythmic sounds of waterwheels, millstones, and farmers chatting with the miller about the weather and their crops. Charles Fenton Mercer located the grist mill here to capitalize on . . . — Map (db m1486) HM
3Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — America's Oldest Agriculture College
A mile north of here, on Oatlands Road, stands the stone and stucco building, erected in 1854 as Loudoun and Mechanical Institute. Its three founders were prominent County agrarian scientists. Unfortunately, America's first agricultural college, . . . — Map (db m18362) HM
4Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Battle of Aldie17 June 1863
(East Side of Marker) Facing the Confederate Position. On the afternoon of June 17, 1863, cavalry from the Army of the Potomac under General Alfred Pleasonton and the Army of Northern Virginia under General JEB Stuart battled each . . . — Map (db m1547) HM
5Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Battle of AldieThe Fight Begins — Gettysburg Campaign —
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . — Map (db m3742) HM
6Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Battle of AldieCavalry Clash amid the Haystacks — Gettysburg Campaign —
(preface) After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . — Map (db m101256) HM
7Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Elders of the Mount Zion Old School Baptist Church
Beginning in the 1830s, disagreement over doctrine caused a split in the Baptist faith. Some Baptists wished to retain the teachings of the “old school,” favoring a more strict interpretation of the Bible. Disputes arose over the . . . — Map (db m104405) HM
8Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — T-24 — Fair Oaks
Fair Oaks, built ca. 1881 as the home of Alexander Moore, is a vernacular interpretation of the Italianate architectural style. From 1835 to 1971, six generations of the Moore family owned and operated nearby Aldie Mill, constructed by . . . — Map (db m108163) HM
9Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — First Mass. Cavalry
First Mass. Cavalry 3rd Brigade 2nd Cavalry Division June 17, 1863 Erected By The First Mass Cavalry Association 1889 Killed and Died of Wounds Sergt. C.C. Schwarz Co. A, Pvt. A. Ammann Co. A, Pvt. M.F. Daniels Co. A, . . . — Map (db m104322) WM
10Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Institute Farm
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m151319) HM
11Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Lee Moves North AgainScreening Lee's Infantry — Gettysburg Campaign —
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . — Map (db m3750) HM
12Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Z-281 — Loudoun County / Prince William County
LOUDOUN COUNTY, area 519 square miles. Formed in 1757 from Fairfax and named for Lord Loudoun, titular governor of Virginia and head of the British forces in America, 1756-1758. Oak Hill, President James Monroe's home, is in this County. PRINCE . . . — Map (db m64583) HM
13Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — B-28 — Mercer’s Home
Aldie was the home of Charles Fenton Mercer (born 1778, died 1858), liberal statesman. Mercer was a congressman (1817-1839) and a member of the Virginia constitutional convention of 1829-30, in which he advocated manhood suffrage. His attempt in . . . — Map (db m1464) HM
14Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — F-15 — Mother of Stonewall Jackson
In this vicinity (and according to tradition two miles east at peach orchard) was born Julia Beckwith Neale, mother of Stonewall Jackson, February 29, 1798. She married Jonathan Jackson in 1818 and died, October 1831. — Map (db m1428) HM
15Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Mt. Zion Cemetery
The first burial in Mt. Zion Cemetery took place in 1852, one year after the church was constructed. It is the grave of Thomas H.A. Lynn, who died June 11, 1852. The stone was erected sometime after 1855. There are over 300 graves in the . . . — Map (db m104320) HM
16Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Mt. Zion Church
Mt. Zion Old School Baptist Church was founded in 1851. Just west of the church is a graveyard containing many 19th century grave markers. On July 6, 1864 nearby, Mosby's Rangers attacked and routed 150 Union cavalrymen. Over 100 Union soldiers were . . . — Map (db m55727) HM
17Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Mt. Zion Historic Park
Welcome to Mt. Zion Historic Park, a property of the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority. Built in 1851, this Old School Baptist Church was a place of worship, and also a critical site during the Civil War because of its location at the . . . — Map (db m104559) HM
18Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Mt. Zion Old School Baptist ChurchHistoric Site in Journalism
In the graveyard adjoining this church, on June 23, 1863, Harpers Illustrated Weekly's Alfred R. Waud, one of the Civil War's most renowned artists, dug the grave for the burial of his friend Lynde Walter Buckingham, the chief cavalry . . . — Map (db m104319) HM
19Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — F-4 — President Monroe’s Home
The house to the North is Oak Hill. Designed by Thomas Jefferson for James Monroe, it was built about 1823. Monroe lived there for some years. — Map (db m1452) HM
20Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Sergeant Major John Champe
Here was the home of Sergeant Major John Champe, Continental Army, who risked the inglorious death of a spy for the independence of his country. — Map (db m737) HM
21Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Snickersville Turnpike
Originally an Iroquois hunting trail, it became by 1786 the first recorded operating turnpike in America, praised by Thomas Jefferson. In 1810 the Virginia Assembly chartered the Snickers Gap Turnpike Company, authorizing three toll gates between . . . — Map (db m154714) HM
22Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — The Aldie Mill
The Aldie Mill A working Gristmill – 1796 – 1971 Charles Fenton Mercer – Owner Statesman – Educator — Map (db m109850) HM
23Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — The Fog of WarThe Mosby / Forbes Chase of July 4 to July 6, 1864 — American Civil War 1861 - 1865 —
❶ Evening, July 4, 1864: Union Col. Charles Lowell sends Major William Forbes from Fairfax with 157 horse soldiers of the 2nd Massachusetts and 13th New York Cavalry (detachments) on patrol between Aldie and Leesburg to report any . . . — Map (db m104378) HM
24Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — The Milling Complex
Starting in 1807, slaves fired the bricks, built the mill structures you see here, dug trenches for the millrace, and then served as mill workers. Little cash passed between the farmers and the miller. Farmers brought their corn and wheat . . . — Map (db m150688) HM
25Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — The Mosby-Forbes Engagement July 6, 1864American Civil War 1861 - 1865
The Battle of Mt. Zion Church began just east of here in the late afternoon hours of July 6, 1864, as Confederate Lieutenant Colonel John Singleton Mosby's artillery struck Union cavalry under Major William Hathaway Forbes. Amid a rousing . . . — Map (db m104380) HM
26Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — This is Gilbert's Corner!
Discover a slice of Civil War history, part of the study area for the battle of Aldie, at Gilbert's Corner Regional Park in Aldie, Virginia. The 156 acre park offers hiking trails, interpretive signage and rolling countryside with a view of the . . . — Map (db m151324) HM
27Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — To The Memory of C. Oliver Iselin, Jr., M.B.1888 - 1979
Founder of The Wolver Hill Beagles A devoted beagler for over seven decades. His foresight, dedication and generosity make these grounds his monument to the sport we all love. — Map (db m151317) HM
28Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Waterpower System
In 1805, Charles Fenton Mercer had a dam constructed to form a millpond at a place where the bend in Little River approaches the public road to Middleburg. The water that powers the two waterwheels — and, in turn, the . . . — Map (db m150689) HM
29Virginia (Loudoun County), Aldie — Welcome to Gilbert's Corner Regional ParkTransportation hub, eyewitness to the Civil War, preserved open space & wetlands…
Imagine this landscape thousands of years ago, when Native Americans passed through the area on their foot path. Traveling along the eastern section of the current United States, south before winter arrived and north before the summer months, . . . — Map (db m151326) HM
30Virginia (Loudoun County), Ashburn — T-28 — Ashburn School
On this site stands Ashburn Colored School, a one-room public Schoolhouse built ca. 1892 for African American students. Virginia’s public school system, established in 1870, was racially segregated from its inception. Schools for black children . . . — Map (db m104314) HM
31Virginia (Loudoun County), Ashburn — Ashburn Station
At least two different railroad stations stood where you are now standing. When the Alexandra, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad (later the W&OD) arrived in 1860, the aptly named crossroads of Farmwell became one of the many rail stops that served . . . — Map (db m20282) HM
32Virginia (Loudoun County), Ashburn — T-30 — Belmont
Belmont was patented early in the eighteenth century by Thomas Lee, of Stratford. About 1800, Ludwell Lee, an officer in the Revolutionary Army, built the house and he lived here until his death in 1836. Here he entertained Lafayette in 1825. In . . . — Map (db m980) HM
33Virginia (Loudoun County), Ashburn — T 59 — Belmont Chapel
Margaret Mercer (1791-1846), educator and reformer, purchased Belmont plantation in 1836. Here she ran a prominent academy for young women, waiving tuition for those unable to afford it. Best known for advocating the liberation of enslaved African . . . — Map (db m143131) HM
34Virginia (Loudoun County), Ashburn — Norman's Station
The shelter or "waiting shed" in the photograph below stood across the road from where you are now located. Crossing the track was Norman's Station Road (now called Smith's Switch Road). These three-sided shelters were typical of many small stops . . . — Map (db m20277) HM
35Virginia (Loudoun County), Bluemont — BluemontA Historic Village
Established in 1731, Bluemont was originally called Snickers Gap. The U.S. Post Office opened here in 1807. The Blue Ridge gap itself was named for Edward Snickers, the Shenandoah ferry and tavern operator who knew George Washington. Incorporated in . . . — Map (db m157712) HM
36Virginia (Loudoun County), Bluemont — Bluemont Historic District
Bluemont Historic District has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark pursuant to the authority vested in the Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Act of 1966. — Map (db m4023) HM
37Virginia (Loudoun County), Bluemont — Snickersville Turnpike
Originally an Iroquois hunting trail, it became by 1786 the first recorded operating turnpike in America, praised by Thomas Jefferson. In 1810 the Virginia Assembly chartered the Snickers Gap Turnpike Company, authorizing three toll gates between . . . — Map (db m157713) HM
38Virginia (Loudoun County), Bluemont — The Lives And Times Of The Snickersville AcademyC. 1825
A Village's First School And Church Amos Clayton, son of the village's founder, and his wife Elizabeth, parents of 12 children — provided one half-acre of their own land for the construction of a schoolhouse and "free" . . . — Map (db m159195) HM
39Virginia (Loudoun County), Bluemont — The Snickersville Academy
Across the road, the path leads to the Snickersville Academy, Bluemont's first school and church. In 1825 Amos and Elizabeth Clayton sold, for a "consideration" of $1, one-half acres of land to five neighbors acting as trustees. They built a log . . . — Map (db m157710) HM
40Virginia (Loudoun County), Brambleton — Lyon Family Cemetery and Pvt. Richard MoranHistory of the Northern Virginia Regional Parks
"Mount up, the Yankees are coming!" -Pvt. Richard Moran April 1, 1863 prior to the "Battle of Miskel's Farm" Pvt. Richard (Dick) Moran is buried at this site. Moran was a member of the 43rd Va. Cavalry and leading member of "Mosby's . . . — Map (db m20011) HM
41Virginia (Loudoun County), Dover — B-33 — A Revolutionary War Hero
Near here stood the home of Sergeant Major John Champe (1752–1798), Continental soldier. Champe faked desertion and enlisted in Benedict Arnold's British command for the purpose of capturing the traitor. Failing in his attempt, Champe rejoined . . . — Map (db m1410) HM
42Virginia (Loudoun County), Dover — B-22 — Cavalry Battles
In June 1863, Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through gaps in the nearby Blue Ridge Mountains and into the Shenandoah Valley to invade the North. Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry corps screened the army from Federal . . . — Map (db m1454) HM
43Virginia (Loudoun County), Dover — B-32 — Gettysburg Campaign
In June 1863, as Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through Blue Ridge gaps to the Shenandoah Valley, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry screened the army from Federal observation. The Union cavalry chief, Brig. Gen. Alfred . . . — Map (db m1416) HM
44Virginia (Loudoun County), Dover — B-30 — Stuart and Bayard
After the Battle of Antietam on 17 Sept. 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia recrossed the Potomac River into Virginia. After President Abraham Lincoln’s constant urging, the Union Army of the Potomac, led by Maj. Gen. George . . . — Map (db m1453) HM
45Virginia (Loudoun County), Hamilton — Hamilton Station
One of the oldest on the line, Hamilton's train station dates from 1870. It was not in the original plan. When the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railway (later the Washington & Old Dominion) was established in the 1840s, its owners intended to . . . — Map (db m26961) HM
46Virginia (Loudoun County), Hamilton — T-52 — Major General Ben H. Fuller
Maj. Gen. Ben H. Fuller was born in Michigan on 27 Feb. 1870. He was graduated from the U.S. Navy Academy in 1889 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps in 1891. Fuller married Katherine H. Offley on 26 Oct. 1892, and they . . . — Map (db m1194) HM
47Virginia (Loudoun County), Hamilton — Tracks into HistoryThe Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
The railroad that became the Washington & Old Dominion was born in Alexandria in response to the competition in shipping posed by the port in Baltimore, which was served by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. The B&O was diverting farm produce from the . . . — Map (db m27066) HM
48Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — 36963 Charles Town Pike
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m148892) HM
49Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — 36974 Charles Town Pike
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Built 1850 — Map (db m148893) HM
50Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — 36982 Charles Town Pike
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m132453) HM
51Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — 36990 Charles Town Pike
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m148895) HM
52Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — John W. MobberlyBetween-the-Hills Partisan Leader
During the war, this valley southeast of the Federal base at Harpers Ferry between the Blue Ridge and Short Hill was known as "Between the Hills." The much-feared Confederate partisan leader Pvt. ("Captain") John W. Mobberly roamed here from 1863 to . . . — Map (db m91189) HM
53Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — T-25 — Loudoun Heights Clash
Union Maj. Henry A. Cole’s 1st Maryland Cavalry was camped here on Loudoun Heights on 10 Jan. 1864 when Confederate Maj. John S. Mosby and Capt. Benjamin Franklin “Frank” Stringfellow attacked before dawn with about 100 mounted Partisan . . . — Map (db m1998) HM
54Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — Old Potts Graveyard
David Potts, a Quaker, established this cemetery from a portion of his farm. He migrated here from Philadelphia Co. Pa. and in 1746 leased 866 acres of land from Catesby Cocke which he later purchased. He was born about the year 1700 and died 1768. . . . — Map (db m22963) HM
55Virginia (Loudoun County), Hillsboro — This Is the Birthplace of Susan Koerner Wright
Hillsboro, Loudoun County, Virginia. This is the birthplace of Susan Koerner Wright, April 30, 1831–July 4, 1889, mother of Wilbur and Orville Wright, inventors of the airplane. A notable woman who largely guided and wisely . . . — Map (db m979) HM
56Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 15th Massachusetts Infantry
The 15th Massachusetts Infantry provided an initial scouting patrol on the night of October 20 and the troops for the raiding party the next morning. Five companies, roughly 300 men, were to attack a Confederate camp. Devens positioned his men . . . — Map (db m2223) HM
57Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 17th Mississippi Infantry
The 17th Mississippi Infantry was the last Confederate unit to arrive on the field. These 600-700 fresh troops showed up late in the afternoon and tipped the balance of what had been a hard but evenly fought contest up to that point. The . . . — Map (db m157213) HM
58Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from the victory at the Second Battle of Manassas General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 1-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . — Map (db m1110) HM
59Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . — Map (db m1220) HM
60Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 18th Mississippi Infantry
The 18th Mississippi Infantry was sent from nearby Edward's Ferry and arrived near here around 3:00 p.m. Colonel Erasmus Burt ordered his men forward across the then open field unknowingly into a deadly crossfire between the two wings of the Union . . . — Map (db m157214) HM
61Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 1st California Regiment
The 1st California was one of four regiments that made up the “California Brigade” commanded by Colonel Edward D. Baker, U.S. Senator from Oregon and close friend of President Lincoln. In April, 1861, Baker helped to organize what was . . . — Map (db m2230) HM
62Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 20th Massachusetts Infantry
Companies D and I of the 20th Massachusetts (the “Harvard Regiment”) followed the 15th Massachusetts across the Potomac with orders to serve as a rear guard and cover the withdrawal of the 15th Massachusetts following what was hoped . . . — Map (db m157271) HM
63Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 42nd New York Infantry
The 42nd New York (“Tammany Regiment”) was commanded by Col. Milton Cogswell, the only West Point-trained officer among the senior Union commanders at Ball’s Bluff. Five companies of the 42nd participated in the battle. With the death . . . — Map (db m157216) HM
64Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 7 Loudoun Street Southeast
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior circa 1790 — Map (db m143135) HM
65Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 8th Virginia Infantry
The 8th Virginia Infantry was a local unit made up of six companies from Loudoun, two from Fauquier, and one each from Fairfax and Prince William counties. Commanded by Colonel Eppa Hunton, the Regiment arrived on the field about 12:30 p.m. . . . — Map (db m2211) HM
66Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment
This monument is dedicated to the brave men of the 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment The 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was organized into State Service May 8th, 1861 in Leesburg under the command of Colonel Eppa Hunton. These . . . — Map (db m85501) WM
67Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — A Divided America, A Divided Loudoun County
On April 12, 1861, with the firing on Fort Sumter, America went to war with itself. Just as the country was divided, so were Virginia and Loudoun County. The western portion of Virginia became the separate state of West Virginia in 1863. Here in . . . — Map (db m2251) HM
68Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — A Serious Business
Morven Park is in Virginia's Piedmont—literally, the "foot of the mountain"—an area of gently rolling hills and fertile soil perfectly suited to farming. The region attracted Westmoreland Davis, a lawyer-turned-farmer brimming with . . . — Map (db m130065) HM
69Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Additional Area Civil War Sites
1. Sugarloaf Mountain - This was the site of a Union Signal Corps station that remained in operation throughout much of the war. 2. White's Ferry - Originally called Conrad's Ferry, this crossing was established in 1817 about four miles . . . — Map (db m27839) HM
70Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Aftermath of Ball’s Bluff
Ball’s Bluff is the only battlefield where on which a United States senator was killed in combat. Edward Dickinson Baker, senator from Oregon, was also a colonel and one of Brig. Gen. Charles Stone’s three brigade commanders. Baker was a long-time . . . — Map (db m2203) HM
71Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery
. . . — Map (db m2236) HM
72Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-51 — Ball’s Bluff Masked Battery
Nearby is the likely site of the Confederate “masked battery” (concealed artillery) that was an object of Federal concern early in the Civil War. On 21 Oct. 1861, elements of the 13th Mississippi infantry near there engaged 35 horsemen . . . — Map (db m1491) HM
73Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff Masked Battery...held to the bluff without room to retire.
Two hundred yards to your right are the remains of a small earthwork that may have been part of a masked (concealed) battery which played an important role in the Battle of Ball’s Bluff on October 21, 1861. The battery commanded the road from . . . — Map (db m156304) HM
74Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff National Cemetery
The twenty-five graves here in one of America’s smallest national cemeteries contain the partial remains of 54 Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861. All are unidentified except Pvt. James Allen of Northbridge, . . . — Map (db m2235) HM
75Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff Overlook
Ball's Bluff is a 600 yard long shale and sandstone cliff. It rises up a shallow bell curve from two ravines approximately 300 yards north and south of where you are standing. At this point, it is about 100 feet high, though just to the north (left) . . . — Map (db m150419) HM
76Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-1 — Battle of Ball’s Bluff
One mile east occurred the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861. A Union force, which had crossed the river at this point, was driven back over it by the Confederates. — Map (db m985) HM
77Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861
The Battle of Ball’s Bluff was the result of a mistake. The previous evening, Capt. Chase Philbrick, Co. H, 15th Massachusetts, led a small reconnaissance patrol across the river to determine the results of some earlier Confederate troop movements. . . . — Map (db m157576) HM
78Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battle of Balls BluffOctober 21, 1861
6 AM - After crossing the river, the 15 MA (Colonel Devens) advanced to the area near the Jackson house, leaving the 20 MA (Colonel Lee) on the bluff to guard the exit path to the river. 8 AM - Captain Duff's (17 MS) Company ran into Devens . . . — Map (db m27590) HM
79Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-1 — Battle of Ball's Bluff
Just to the east, 1,700 Union troops crossed the Potomac River and clashed with 1,700 Confederates on 21 Oct. 1861. The previous evening, a Union reconnaissance patrol had mistaken a row of trees for Confederate tents. Brig. Gen. Charles Stone . . . — Map (db m93420) HM
80Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battlefield Historic Restoration Project
In 2004, Ball's Bluff Battlefield Regional Park began a restoration project on the battlefield where you stand today. The objective of the effort is to return about 12 acres of the battlefield to its approximate appearance in 1861. First hand . . . — Map (db m150412) HM
81Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Carriage House
The carriage house was used for storage of house drawn carriages and other equipment. This building was constructed in the 1880s and was in use until the 1930s. After horse drawn carriages were no longer commonly used, the building was used as a . . . — Map (db m7831) HM
82Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Carriage House
The Carriage House, built in 1903 during the Eustis period, illustrates the era when the horse drawn carriage was the primary mode of transportation. Today, the Carriage House is the Oatlands Museum Gift Shop and Visitor center. The Chauffeur's . . . — Map (db m60112) HM
83Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-24 — Charles Fenton Mercer
Charles Fenton Mercer (1778–1858) is buried near here in Union Cemetery. After serving as an officer in the U.S. Army, he was recalled to service as an aid to Virginia Governor James Barbour of Virginia in the War of 1812 and rose to the rank . . . — Map (db m893) HM
84Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Clarkes Gap
At 582 feet, Clarkes Gap, up the hill to your left, was the highest point on the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad. The stone bridge dates from the 1870s, when the tracks were completed to Clarkes Gap. The station stood on the site where you are . . . — Map (db m2031) HM
85Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Clinton Hatcher
Clinton Hatcher, 1840 - 1861 Co. F. 8th Va. Regt. C.S.A. fell Bravely Defending his native state. — Map (db m85502) WM
86Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Confederate EarthworksGuarding the Potomac River Frontier
Across the ground in front of you are the remains of Confederate infantry earthworks most likely built after the Battle of Ball’s Bluff on October 21, 1861. At this time, Leesburg was on the front lines of the American Civil War and an outpost on . . . — Map (db m103689) HM
87Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Confederate Soldiers
In Memory of the Confederate Soldiers of Loudon County Va Erected May 28 1908 — Map (db m110204) WM
88Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Dairy Barn
This dairy barn hails from the legendary Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. Built in 1900 in the town of Edinburg, it now sits at Market Station. The barn symbolizes the dairy farming that blossomed in the region, providing both county and town with . . . — Map (db m5128) HM
89Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Diesel Trains on the W&OD
The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad switched from electric to diesel power during World War II. In 1941-42 the railroad bought its first three diesel-electric engines. Each General Electric engine had 380 horsepower and weighed 44 tons. Later . . . — Map (db m2111) HM
90Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-31 — Dodona ManorHome of Gen. George C. Marshall
This early-19th-century house and its surrounding four acres were purchased in 1941 by Gen. Marshall (1880–1959) and his wife, Katherine Tupper Marshall (1882–1978). A student of the classics, Marshall called the house, in its grove of . . . — Map (db m892) HM
91Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-35 — Douglass Community School
Before the construction of this high school, there were no schools beyond 7th grade for black students in Loudoun County. Late in the 1930s, the parent-teacher associations of various black schools formed the County-Wide League to raise money to . . . — Map (db m5096) HM
92Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Douglass High School
has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Historic Resources Throughout much of Virginia in the early 1900s, black parents were pressing the then system of racial segregation for improved . . . — Map (db m5100) HM
93Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Early Methodism in Leesburg
On this site, deeded in 1766, stood the old Methodist meeting house completed about 1770. Here in 1778 was held the sixth conference of American Methodism and the first in Virginia. In this cemetery in 1786 was buried Richard Owings, first native . . . — Map (db m117274) HM
94Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-22 — Early’s Washington Campaign
Jubal A. Early passed over this road on his return to the Shenandoah Valley, July 16, 1864. After leaving Lee before Richmond, June 13, Early traveled 450 miles, defeating Hunter at Lynchburg and Wallace on the Monocacy River in Maryland, and . . . — Map (db m1003) HM
95Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Edward D. Baker
Colonel Baker is buried at the Presidio in San Francisco, California. This memorial stone was placed here to mark what was believed to be the location of Baker’s death and to honor the memory of the only U.S. Senator to have died on the field of . . . — Map (db m2237) HM
96Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Edwards FerryAn Eighty-Mile-Long Column — Gettysburg Campaign —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . — Map (db m63737) HM
97Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Electric Trains on the W&OD
Electrification arrived in 1912, after the Great Falls & Old Dominion Railroad and the Southern Railway’s Bluemont Branch were consolidated into the Washington & Old Dominion Railway. The new owners brought modern interurban trolley cars. Wire . . . — Map (db m2107) HM
98Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Elizabeth Mills Riverfront ParkPotomac Connections
This riverfront park will transport you back in time. It will enable you to look beyond the modern developments that dominate the landscape here today. It will take you back centuries, when American Indians lived here, harvesting the bounty of the . . . — Map (db m152026) HM
99Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Fighting for FreedomMount Zion Community Cemetery
Four African American Civil War veterans are buried in this cemetery: James Gaskins (39th U.S. Colored Infantry), Joseph Waters (5th Massachusetts Colored Cavalry), William Taylor (1st U.S. Colored Infantry), and John W. Langford (U.S. Navy). The . . . — Map (db m76587) HM
100Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — First Mt. Olive Methodist Episcopal Church
First Mt. Olive Methodist Episcopal Church 1890 is registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic Places 2005 — Map (db m143136) HM

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Nov. 30, 2020