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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Missoula County Montana Historical Markers

 
Sand Park Cemetery image, Touch for more information
By Duane Hall, August 8, 2010
Sand Park Cemetery
Montana (Missoula County), Bonner — Sand Park CemeteryWho was Frank Hamilton?
Who was Frank Hamilton? No one really knows. Simple grave markers pay a humble tribute to the five miners buried at the Sand Park Cemetery between 1898 and 1914. Little more is known than their names and year of death. Most of the other . . . — Map (db m71503) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Greenough — A Vast Network of Indigenous Trails.
For millennia, the Blackfoot River corridor has been part of the homeland of the Salish and Pend d'Oreille people. They and visiting members of other tribes used a vast network of trails to criss-cross this region of great abundance -- rich in game, . . . — Map (db m123101) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Greenough — Big Blackfoot Milling Company
By 1900 the Big Blackfoot Milling Company had largely depleted its nearby timber supplies and moved further up the Blackfoot. The mill, now owned by the Anaconda Company, got most of its timber from logs cut and dumped into the river and floated . . . — Map (db m123103) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Greenough — Big Blackfoot Railroad
Railroad logging was an important facet of the history of Montana's lumber industry. The Big Blackfoot Railroad was one of several logging railroads created to sustain the Anaconda Copper Mining Company's sawmill at Bonner. Built by the Chicago, . . . — Map (db m144065) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Greenough — Ghost Town BywayDiscover Stories Worth Their Weight in Gold
Once, the Garnet Mountains echoed with the blasts of dynamite, the clatter of hooves on steep, narrow roads, and the shouts of men out to find fortune. Once, miners swapped stories in the saloons of Beartown, Top O'Deep and Reynolds City — . . . — Map (db m130332) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Greenough — Historic Logging Shaped These WoodsLubrecht Experimental Forest
Foresters at Lubrecht Experimental Forest study tree harvest and growth in a landscape shaped by logging. The first large-scale logging in Montana occurred on the Blackfoot River corridor in 1885. From 1885-1900, loggers prodded oxen to skid . . . — Map (db m130333) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Greenough — Souvenirs of the Ice Age
Highway 200 near this rest area passes through one of the most spectacular ice-age landscapes in Montana. Glaciers advanced out to the Mission and Swan ranges, and the mountains in the Bob Marshall-Scapegoat wildernesses, forming an ice cap that . . . — Map (db m123100) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Huson — The Ninemile Remount Depot
The Ninemile Remount was, at one time, the center for the U.S. Forest Service packing activities in the Northern Rockies. Completed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in 1935, the Remount was the home roost for more than 1500 Rocky Mountain . . . — Map (db m123063) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — A Crossroads of Culture
Native Travelers at Tmsmli You are standing at the heart of a well-used campsite and gathering place used by people for thousands of years. Traveling along time-worn trails from the four directions, families, hunters and explorers came . . . — Map (db m123237) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Bitterroot Valley, Homeland of the Selíš
Since Coyote first prepared this place for human beings, the Bitterroot Valley has been the homeland of the Salish-speaking peoples of western Montana -- the Qlispé (Kalispel or Pend d'Orielle) and the closely- related Selíš (Bitterroot Salish or . . . — Map (db m142734) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Cycles and CirclesThe Montana Legacy
The landscape around you has changed since Lewis and Clark first saw it in September 1805. Back then it was the aboriginal territory of the Nez Perce and Salish people. This Native Americans had less impact on natural ecological processes than did . . . — Map (db m123127) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Following FormationLewis & Clark at Travelers’ Rest
As researchers worked to pin-point the location of the Travelers’ Rest campsite, they had an unlikely ally -- an 18th century Prussian Baron. During the Revolutionary War, Baron William Frederick Von Steuben, at the request of George Washington, . . . — Map (db m123254) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Fort Fizzle
(Three panels, presented left to right, form this marker.) The Flight of the Nez Perce In Search of Peace In the mid-1870s the United States government attempted to force the Nez Perce (Nee-Mee-Poo or Nimiipu) people . . . — Map (db m123125) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Lewis and Clark in Salish Territory
The Lewis and Clark Expedition camped near here September 9 through 11, 1805, while traveling through the ancient territory of the Salish and Pend d'Orielle people. Since time immemorial, the tribes have known this place as Tmsmli (approximately . . . — Map (db m123385) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Lewis and Clark on Lolo Creek"verry bad passing..."
West bound, the trip up Lolo Creek was the start of a remarkably arduous and life-threatening part of the expedition's journey. Eastbound, the passage down Lolo Creek represented victory over one of the most formidable barriers to cross-country . . . — Map (db m123124) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Outwitted and Outflanked
One-half mile west of here, a steep, narrow ravine runs north from Lolo Creek, In the early morning of the fourth day of standoff, the Nez Perce ascended the ridge next to this ravine. Using skills acquired by life in the mountains and plateaus of . . . — Map (db m123241) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Pauses and Parleys
About twenty miles west of here at Lolo Hot Springs, the Nez Perce heard that soldiers were coming, so they moved cautiously and set up camp four miles from here. Three parleys (meetings) between Nez Perce, soldiers, and citizens were held over . . . — Map (db m123240) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Soldiers as Naturalists
Lewis and Clark’s “CORPS OF DISCOVERY” was the first major expedition launched by the United States to explore new lands with an emphasis on scientific inquiry. Lewis spent months being tutored in both physical and biological sciences in . . . — Map (db m123129) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Taking Cover...
During the Civil War, soldiers often fought out in the open causing thousands of casualties. Because of this, the military decided to formally instruct and equip soldiers to entrench themselves. Soldiers and citizens here fully embraced this new . . . — Map (db m123239) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — The "Soldiers' Corral"
You're standing in a replica of an entrenchment and breastworks similar to those built north of this point in July 1877. Notice the gap between the bottom and top logs. Rifle barrels could be slid through this opening while the logs provided . . . — Map (db m123238) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — The Journey Home
"Capts. Lewis and Clark parted here with their parties & proceed on" Sergeant John Ordway, Thursday July 3, 1806 An often overlooked aspect of the Lewis and Clark Expedition is the decision to separate when they left Travelers' Rest on . . . — Map (db m123256) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — The Lolo Trail
The route that lies west of here, the Lolo Trail, was different from other east-west 19th century Americans trails. It did not witness a flood of cross-county migration. There were no covered wagons here. Unmapped and shifting over time, it . . . — Map (db m123123) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — The Nez Perce Sikum
Sikum is the Nez Perce word for horse. The Nez Perce people were introduced to the horse in the 1730’s. The word “appaloosa” was created by white settlers. The Nez Perce learned through selective breeding that they could . . . — Map (db m123126) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Travellers Rest
Bitter Root Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, Missoula, Montana dedicate this marker to Captains Lewis and Clark, Sacajawea, their inspiration and guide, and the brave men of the Trans-Mississippi Expedition who encamped on Lo Lo . . . — Map (db m123243) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Lolo — Uncovering the Expedition
For may years, the campsite known as Travelers’ Rest was thought to be located at the confluence of today’s Lolo Creek and the Bitterroot River (1 1/2 miles east of where you now stand). It wasn’t until 1996 that members of the Travelers’ Rest . . . — Map (db m123255) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — "Galloping Goose"(Model 1936 Gibson Speeder #2)
Shuttle cars were used to haul men to the logging operation in the woods. The car was a self-propelled unit with an interior engine powering the rear wheels with a chain drive. With a window on either end, it could travel in either direction and . . . — Map (db m123282) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 1028 Wolf StreetNorthside Missoula Railroad Historic District
xpansion of the railroad after the turn of the twentieth century brought many new residents to Urlin’s Addition on Missoula’s Northside. Rental housing such as this one-story Pyramid Cottage style residence, constructed circa 1907 and originally . . . — Map (db m144528) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 140 University AvenueUniversity Area Historic District
Advertised as “The Choice Residence Section of Missoula,” the Hammond Addition attracted successful businessmen like David J. Haviland, who could afford the exclusivity the neighborhood offered. Lots in the Hammond Addition cost $500, as . . . — Map (db m144272) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 1877 Fort Missoula Officers' Club
On this site stood one of the oldest buildings of Fort Missoula. Upon the Fort's establishment in 1877, a one-story log structure was constructed for use as a laundress's quarters. The project's cost came to $450.00. According to long-time Missoula . . . — Map (db m123279) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 315 DalyUniversity Area Historic District
The Craftsman style created such local fervor that in 1911 the Missoulian Publishing Company hosted a local contest offering a Craftsman bungalow style home as the grand prize. That home stands today just outside the University Area district. By the . . . — Map (db m144238) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 415 Connell AvenueUniversity Area Historic District
Contractor E. S. Newton, who purchased this lot in 1910, undoubtedly constructed this fashionable bungalow. With its low-pitched hipped roof and wide, sheltering eaves, the one-story residence was designed to convey a sense of comfort and security. . . . — Map (db m144225) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 425 ConnellUniversity Area Historic District
Insurance agent George F. Gould and his wife, Susie, purchased this lot from the South Missoula Land Company in 1913. The deed stipulated that a dwelling worth at least $3,000 be constructed on the premises within fifteen years. The Goulds, however, . . . — Map (db m144211) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 426 North First Street WestNorthside Missoula Railroad Historic District
One hundred thirty-seven Missoulians—mostly railroad workers—lived in the Ross House, a large hotel complex that occupied half this block in 1890. Ten years later, a covered walkway still connected the two-story wooden building on this . . . — Map (db m144493) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 439 Connell AvenueUniversity Area Historic District
Low-pitched gables, large sheltering eaves with decorative braces, and an inviting front porch supported by “battered” piers mark this circa 1916 residence as a Craftsman style home. Irene Risley, married to railroad supply salesman . . . — Map (db m144209) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 521 University AvenueUniversity Area Historic District
Deed records show that the Northern Pacific Railroad sold this property to the South Missoula Land Company in 1889. Company shareholder A. B. Hammond subsequently platted the Hammond Addition. Buyers of his lots signed an agreement promising to . . . — Map (db m144275) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 613 North Third Street WestNorthside Missoula Railroad Historic District
Born of the 1883 arrival of the Northern Pacific Railroad, the Northside grew with the railroad’s early twentieth- century expansion. Simple housing predominated in the working-class neighborhood, which contained few brick homes. This circa 1904 . . . — Map (db m144526) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — 906 WordenNorthside Missoula Railroad Historic District
As Hellgate trading post grew into Missoula after 1860, farms sprouted north of the city center. The 1883 arrival of the Northern Pacific railroad brought residential construction to the Northside. The new neighborhood housed mainly railroad . . . — Map (db m144525) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — A ShortcutCaptain Lewis in the Missoula Valley
On the morning of July 3, 1806, Lewis and Clark set in motion a dangerous plan to separate, and explore different routes on their return journey to the Missouri River. As he was both excited and anxious to pursue a rumored shortcut, Lewis wrote: . . . — Map (db m123331) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — All gave some, some gave allFor Those Who Have Served, Are Serving, and Will Serve
On 3 April 1917 Chancellor Edward C. Elliott of Montana State University, Missoula, Montana sent an application to the Adjutant General, U.S. Army for the establishment of a two-year compulsory course of military training under the authority of . . . — Map (db m144119) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Apartment Building at 116 West Spruce
Missoula boasted twenty-six manufacturing enterprises by 1909, including such diverse production as candy, bricks, gas, marble, and meat products. By 1910, the Northern Pacific Railroad shops employed over three hundred workers and the town’s role . . . — Map (db m144772) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — BPOE Lodge #383This Property Contributes to the Missoula Historic District
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the U.S.A., Hell Gate Lodge #383, has offered conviviality, community service, and social support since its founding in 1898. In 1911 lodge members contracted with Montana’s premier architectural firm of . . . — Map (db m144711) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Brave New World
Despite Civil War turmoil, progress was bravely pushing Westward, leading into the Gilded Age of substantial growth in population and wealth. Cantonment Wright and Hell Gate In November 1861, John Mullan established Cantonment . . . — Map (db m123096) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Central Heating PlantUniversity of Montana Historic District
Red-brown brick, cream terra cotta, and huge Tudor style windows belie the utilitarian function of this lofty building. Missoula architects Ole Bakke and Clarence Forbis ingeniously applied the Renaissance Revival style of other contemporary campus . . . — Map (db m144313) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Charles C. Brothers ResidenceUniversity Area Historic District
Two wings at right angles with a two-story section at the juncture form a very unusual floor plan in this unique eclectic residence, built circa 1927 for Charles and Ida Brothers. Inspired by the Prairie style, characteristic architectural elements . . . — Map (db m144274) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Chemistry-Pharmacy BuildingUniversity of Montana Historic District
A Public Works Administration loan and bonds funded the construction of this facility, completed in 1939. Architects R. C. Hugenin of Butte and Norman DeKay of Helena designed the distinctive building amidst criticism over the unusual mixing of . . . — Map (db m144147) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Commanding Officer's QuartersFort Missoula Historic District
Reconstruction of Fort Missoula between 1904 and 1912 transformed the old log and frame complex into a more modern, more attractive facility. The Mission style, at the height of popularity during this period, was well suited to this purpose. The . . . — Map (db m144366) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Company Officers' QuartersFort Missoula Historic District
The reconstruction of Fort Missoula after 1904 equipped the facility to serve as a regimental headquarters. The new cast concrete buildings in the Mission style were built along a curved boulevard a few hundred feet northeast of the original parade . . . — Map (db m144365) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Corbin HallUniversity of Montana Historic District
The construction of this women’s residence hall, completed in 1927, marks the end of an era. It was the last building erected in strict accordance with the Carsley-Gilbert campus master plan and placed within the intended U-shaped dormitory . . . — Map (db m144182) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Danger Ahead!Captain Lewis in the Missoula Valley
The narrow river canyons upstream from here have a long and bloody past. As the Salish, Nez Perce and other western mountain Indian tribes passed through these canyons enroute to buffalo hunting grounds east of the Rocky Mountains, they were . . . — Map (db m123334) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Dixon-Duncan Block
Two Missoula attorneys on opposing sides of the political arena teamed up to construct this attractive commercial building in 1897. Republican Joseph Dixon, who later became Governor of Montana (1921-1925), began his political career as Missoula . . . — Map (db m144753) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Draper ResidenceEast Pine Street Historic District
Neoclassical influences complement the Queen Anne style in this striking transitional home built between 1905 and 1907. A polygonal two-story bay, hipped roof with intersecting gables and wrap around porch lend visual asymmetry characteristic of the . . . — Map (db m130297) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Federal Building & United States Post OfficeNational Register of Historic Places
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m130324) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — First Architect
A.J. Gibson, a prominent western Montana architect at the turn of the 20th century, conceived UM's stately brick building style. Gibson designed the first five campus buildings, three of which stand today - University Hall, Mathematics Building, and . . . — Map (db m144099) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Forestry BuildingUniversity of Montana Historic District
Completion of this facility in 1922 provided the School of Forestry a permanent home. In the Renaissance Revival style specified by Carsley-Gilbert’s master plan, Missoula architect Ole Bakke designed a distinctive building that vividly proclaims . . . — Map (db m144116) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula
Fort Missoula, established in 1877 to provide military control over western Montana’s Indian tribes and protect local settlers, was the only permanent military post west of the Continental Divide. There was little conflict, but the fort’s . . . — Map (db m123257) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula 1910 Era Barrack Buildings
The earliest detainees to arrive at Fort Missoula, as part of the Alien Detention Camp, were housed in these two large Mission-style barrack buildings, T-24 (on the left) and T-113 (on the right). These two-and-a-half story concrete buildings were . . . — Map (db m144334) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula Alien Detention Camp
"From 1941 to 1944 Fort Missoula served as a detention center for more than 1,000 Italians, more than 1,000 Japanese, and 22 German Nationalists. The Italians were World's Fair workers and civilian seamen whose ships had been impounded at the . . . — Map (db m144380) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula Alien Detention Camp
During World War II, Fort Missoula was turned over to the Department of Justice (DOJ), Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), for use as an Alien Detention Camp. The Camp was established to hold foreign nationals and resident aliens, which . . . — Map (db m144386) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula Barrack Building
In 1941, Nick D. Collaer of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), was assigned to establish interment camps for Italians and German sailors at Fort Missoula and Fort Lincoln, North Dakota. When Collaer arrived at Fort Missoula, he found . . . — Map (db m144385) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula Guard Tower
The INS required a fence to surround Fort Missoula with a guard tower at each corner. The fence was 10 feet tall, almost 5,000 feet in length and enclosed a total of 33 acres. Separate fences were built around the hospital and some of the barrack . . . — Map (db m144411) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula Officer's Row
After fires destroyed many Fort Missoula buildings in the early 1900s, a major re-build of the Fort was required. New Officer's housing was included in these upgrades. Officer's Row consists of six, nearly identical, Mission-style concrete . . . — Map (db m144336) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula Post Headquarters
Fort Missoula's first chapel was completed in 1885. During the late 1930s, the Works Progress Administration allocated funds to renovate the deteriorating building in order to create a new post headquarters with an upstairs courtroom. A concrete . . . — Map (db m123280) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula Post Headquarters (T-2) Building
Dedicated to the Memory of Walter M. Johnson Born in Leavenworth, Kansas in 1903, General Johnson graduated for the U.S Military Academy with the class of 1927. Stationed at Fort Missoula in the 1930's, he supervised many improvements . . . — Map (db m144433) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula Post Hospital
The first hospital at Fort Missoula consisted of two tents and a shanty set up by the 3rd Infantry in 1877. The following year and L-shaped frame building with a capacity of 12 patients was completed. Dr. Robert Mills Whitefoot, a Civil War veteran, . . . — Map (db m123263) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula Recreation Hall
In 1936, the Fort received funding from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) to reconstruct and improve Fort buildings, including a new recreation center. The center became the largest project completed at the Fort by the WPA. The Recreation . . . — (db m144428) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Fort Missoula, MontanaUnited States Military Reservation
Established June 7 - 1877 By a Detachment of the Seventh Regiment U.S. Infantry during the Campaign against Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce Indians. — Map (db m123258) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Francis L. Worden ResidenceThis Property Contributes to the East Pine Street Historic District
A steeply pitched roof and a Gothic-arched attic window embellish this Folk Gothic style farmhouse, built by Francis L. Worden in 1874. Worden left New York in 1852 for adventure in California, traveled to Panama, clerked for Washington’s . . . — Map (db m144758) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Frank A. Roberts HomeUniversity Area Historic District
The Craftsman style evolved as the architectural expression of simplicity and domestic harmony, merging nature with the built environment. Its popularity in the early 1900s eased the transition from Victorian fussiness to the modern era. This . . . — Map (db m144236) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Free Speech Corner
In autumn 1909, Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) organizers Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and Jack Jones arrived in Missoula, soon followed by there comrade Frank Little. After renting space for a union hall, they took to the streets, determined to . . . — Map (db m123336) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Glacial Lake Missoula
The parallel lines etched on the side of Mount Jumbo are testimony to a series of dramatic geologic events, the Lake Missoula Floods. Occurring as recently as 15,000 years ago, the floods resulted when the Clark Fork River, which had been dammed by . . . — Map (db m130301) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Gleim Building
Built in 1893, this is an excellent example of vernacular adaptation of Romanesque architecture, with its arched windows, checkerboard banding, and rusticated granite sills. Today the building has been restored on its façade and east and west sides . . . — Map (db m144562) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Gleim Building II
Mary Gleim, one of Missoula’s most colorful characters, built this “female boarding house” at the heart of the red light district between 1893 and 1902. It operated as a brothel until progressive reforms closed the district in 1916. The . . . — Map (db m144561) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Greenhood ResidenceUniversity Area Historic District
Changing architectural tastes are central to the story of this elegant home, built for Henry and Leah Greenhood. A successful liquor wholesaler and real estate developer, Henry was one of Missoula’s early Jewish residents, arriving here by 1904. He . . . — Map (db m144273) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Headquarters Building and Daily Company Annex
An exuberant ambassador of the late nineteenth century and its more Spartan complement comprise this architectural duet, whose history spans Missoula’s development. The older and more impressive Headquarters Building, designed by architect John . . . — Map (db m144581) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — John J. Lucy HomeUniversity Area Historic District
The Tudor style as it evolved from medieval England to twentieth-century America is well expressed in this charming one-story home. Hollow tile faced with smooth brick, gables with decorative brackets, and a gabled and round arched doorway are . . . — Map (db m144235) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — John M. Keith HouseUniversity Area Historic District
The prestigious architectural firm of Link and Haire designed this handsome residence, which reflects the Midwestern taste of its first owner, John M. Keith. Son of a farmer from New Brunswick, Canada, Keith came to Missoula in 1881. Taking a job as . . . — Map (db m144240) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — John R. Toole House(Kappa Kappa Gamma Sorority House)
Full-length Doric columns make a bold architectural statement, drawing the eye to this imposing neoclassical style home. Butte architect J. F. Everett drew upon the style popularized following the 1893 Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition. The 1902 . . . — Map (db m144241) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — John S. Johnston House
Missoula blossomed at the turn of the twentieth century as railroad transportation facilities expanded, securing the town’s prominence as a trade, manufacturing, and lumbering center for western Montana. As Missoula gained importance, this . . . — Map (db m144490) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Joseph Dixon ResidenceThis Property Contributes to the East Pine Street Historic District
Missoula architect A. J. Gibson designed this grand Neo-classical style landmark for progressive politician Joseph Dixon. Dixon married Caroline Worden, daughter of Missoula founder Frank Worden, in 1896 and the couple made their home here. Dixon . . . — Map (db m144760) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Journalism BuildingUniversity of Montana Historic District
Dean Arthur Stone pitched four tents near the Oval in 1914, thereby founding the University’s School of Journalism. An old bicycle shed and later World War I army barracks served as quarters for this discipline, then considered . . . — Map (db m144117) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Journey Through the BlackfootBlackfoot River Corridor
(Three panels, presented left to right, form the marker.) Many Cultures Forge Strong Communities Welcome to Bonner and nearby communities, each built on the grit and dreams of self-made men and women. It you had walked into . . . — Map (db m123099) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Keim BuildingNorthside Missoula Railroad Historic District
Arrival of the Northern Pacific in 1883 brought sweeping changes, and this elaborate 1891 business block is a grand illustration. The railroad prompted major building booms and made architectural pieces and parts readily accessible. Levi Keim, an . . . — Map (db m144491) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Labor Temple
In 1896, a Union Hall was constructed here on property donated by copper magnate Marcus Daly. That building served as local headquarters for unions affiliated with Federal Union Local 83, the precursor of the building trade unions that later . . . — Map (db m144710) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Lenox Flats
Poised on the brink of the homesteading boom, Missoula prospered at the turn of the twentieth century with signs of urban growth evident in the hotels and row houses that began to line this busy corridor. Local contractor/architect Eugene Morin . . . — Map (db m130298) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Lindsay Commission Company WarehouseNorthside Missoula Railroad Historic District
The arrival of the Northern Pacific Railroad transformed every aspect of life in Montana, including the food available for purchase. Frank Lindsay opened his first fruit warehouse in Helena in 1883, the year the railroad arrived and made importing . . . — Map (db m144492) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — McCormick Park & Orange Street Bridge
McCormick Park was given to the City of Missoula by the McCormick family, heirs to the estate of W.J. McCormick, one of Missoula’s founders. The pond in McCormick Park is known as “Silver’s Pond” after the family that also donated land . . . — Map (db m130299) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — McIntosh HouseNorthside Missoula Railroad Historic District
Unlike many neighborhoods in railroad towns, the lots here in Urlin’s Addition were not owned and developed by the Northern Pacific, but sold to private individuals who built rental housing for railroad employees. This gable- front vernacular style . . . — Map (db m144527) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Men's Gymnasium
Helena architect George Carsley and New York architect Cass Gilbert designed the campus master plan implemented between 1918 and 1927. Although Carsley continued as consultant on other buildings erected under the plan, this 1922 gymnasium is the . . . — Map (db m144118) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Missoula County Courthouse
The Neoclassical style sandstone Missoula County Courthouse was designed by prominent local architect A. J. Gibson, and erected 1908-1910. Inside the copper-domed clock tower hangs a two-ton bell, and a notable interior decoration is the series of . . . — Map (db m144461) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Missoula County War Memorial
Erected by the Auxiliary of the American Legion in Honor of the Men of Missoula County who made the Supreme Sacrifice during the World War. Hollis R. Honey • Nelson Gautheir • Harry Hendrickson • James Elliott Wright • Guy Lovell • Ole Beck • . . . — Map (db m144489) WM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Missoula Laundry Company
In 1915, Nettie and Joseph Hagen expanded their Model Laundry Company by purchasing the Missoula Laundry Company and moving their business into the newly completed west section of this building. That original structure and its later additions . . . — Map (db m144761) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Missoula Mercantile Warehouse
Established in 1866 under the name Bonner and Welch, the Missoula Mercantile Company quickly grew into an economic and political powerhouse. In 1890, the company handled about 60 percent of the city’s retail trade, worth $1.5 million. At the turn of . . . — Map (db m144585) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Missoula's First Flight
Eugene Ely (1886-1911) was the first pilot to take off and land on a naval ship. The well-known aviator was also the first to fly an airplane in Missoula. On June 28, 1911, he took off and landed at Fort Missoula's nearby baseball field. He made . . . — Map (db m144337) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Mrs. Lydia McCaffery's Furnished Rooms
At the turn of the century, social critics saw apartment living as morally suspect. Instead, single working men and women who could not stay with their families typically lived in rooming or boardinghouses, where housekeepers ostensibly kept an eye . . . — Map (db m144464) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Name That RiverCaptain Lewis in the Missoula Valley
Long before railroads and highways, rivers were the lifelines of travel and trade. The Lewis and Clark Expedition named and described hundreds of rivers as they mapped their way west. While the expedition camped about 10 miles south of here, . . . — Map (db m123333) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Natural Science BuildingUniversity of Montana Historic District
The first building added to the campus after 1908 was this facility, which housed the most modern equipment for all branches of life science research, including a stereopticon and motion picture apparatus. Begun in 1917 and completed in 1919, it was . . . — Map (db m144095) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — New HallUniversity of Montana Historic District
The placement of this women’s residence hall prohibited further development of a women’s U-shaped dormitory complex as outlined by the Carsley-Gilbert campus master plan of the previous decade. Architects H. E. Kirkemo of Missoula and J. Van . . . — Map (db m144181) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Newton Residence and ShopMissoula Downtown Historic District
Northern Ohio University graduate Edwin S. Newton came to Missoula in 1890 where up-and-coming architect A.J. Gibson had promised him work. Under Gibson's tutelage, Newton proved an able carpenter and builder. He eventually opened his own . . . — Map (db m144707) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Nobel Laureate
Harold Urey got his start in research while teaching chemistry at UM during 1919-1921. Urey went on to win a Nobel Prize in 1934 for separating the isotope deuterium from hydrogen. During World War II, he directed the search to separate uranium-235 . . . — Map (db m144149) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — North HallUniversity of Montana Historic District
Constructed in 1922 following the 1918 Carsley-Gilbert campus master plan, this women’s residence was intended to be part of two U-shaped clusters of men’s and women’s dormitories. Its identical contemporary counterpart, Elrod Hall, and Corbin Hall . . . — Map (db m144206) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Northern Pacific Railroad Depot
When the tracks of the Northern Pacific reached Missoula in 1883, it was possibly the most significant event in the town’s history. Reliable transportation transformed the minor trade and lumber center to a major economic and commercial distribution . . . — Map (db m144771) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Northside Missoula Railroad Historic District

Generations of Northsiders have grown up in the shadow of the railyards since the Northern Pacific Railroad’s arrival in 1883 transformed Missoula into a modern city. Accepting land as an enticement from A. J. Urlin and other leading businessmen, . . . — Map (db m144560) HM

Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Northwest PassageCaptain Lewis in the Missoula Valley
Since the late 1400s and the time of Columbus, explorers from all over the world eagerly sought to discover the legendary water route, or "Northwest Passage," that was rumored to bisect the resource-rich interior of the North American continent. . . . — Map (db m123330) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Parade Grounds
The original Fort Missoula was constructed of log and frame and was neither fortified nor enclosed. The buildings, arranged around the first parade grounds, no longer stand, but their foundations are clearly visible, bordering the area where early . . . — Map (db m144431) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Post Commander's Residence
M.Y. "Bo" Foster was born in 1911, in Richmond, Virginia, but grew up in part on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation in Montana near Glacier National Park. After graduating from Yale University, Foster hitchhiked back to Montana in the midst of the . . . — Map (db m144377) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Post Headquarters(Exchange) — Fort Missoula Historic District —
Originally the post exchange, this building served as a recreation hall for the stationed men. The exchange evolved from the post trader’s store, an integral element in early forts where the men could buy staples and supplies. As early as 1888, the . . . — Map (db m144432) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Prescott HouseRemodeled and Reborn
A family residence for 95 years, the Prescott House was built in American Victorian design by miner and cowboy Clarence Prescott Sr. The University acquired the home from Clarence Prescott Jr., who lived here until 1993. Thanks to donors Dennis and . . . — Map (db m144311) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Prescott House
Prominent state legislator and county commissioner Charles R. Prescott homesteaded here in 1891, planting a vast orchard of plum, cherry, pear, and apple trees. In 1898, Prescott replaced his original log dwelling with this beautiful Queen Anne . . . — Map (db m144312) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Public Hands for Public Land
Public Hands for Public Land Young Montanans Join Conservation Corps The Great Depression of the 1930s left many people unemployed, but President Franklin D. Roosevelt's “New Deal” created a relief program to put people back to . . . — Map (db m136577) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Quartermaster's Root CellarBuilt 1908 Original to Fort Missoula
This earth-covered structure, built in 1908, is often thought to be a bomb shelter or ammunition storage. It is actually a root cellar that provided cool storage for large quantities of fresh vegetables and other perishable needs to feed the men . . . — Map (db m144424) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Rankin Hall
Built in 1908 as the University Library, this neoclassical building was Architect A. J. Gibson's fifth and final contribution to campus. In 1983 it was renamed in honor of 1902 graduate, suffragette and pacifist Jeannette Rankin (1880-1973). . . . — Map (db m144098) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Rattlesnake Creek
Rattlesnake Creek enters the Clark Fork River across from this point, completing the journey from its headwaters high in the Rattlesnake National Wilderness Area. Missoula’s first building was a two-room log cabin constructed by William T. Hamilton . . . — Map (db m130323) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Reid Residence
William and Eliza Reid built this elegant home around 1890. Primarily used as a rental, the house began as a much simpler ell-shaped residence. Widow Jennie Thompson, who rented the home in 1900, lived here with her three grown children, one of whom . . . — Map (db m144709) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Sliderock Lookout TowerBuilt: 1930 Brought to Museum: 1983
The United States Forest Service's first fire lookouts system was a crude setup of tents and crow's nest lookouts. Watching for wild fires in unpopulated areas was a relatively new idea and was regarded with little importance until the Great Fire . . . — Map (db m123285) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — South HallUniversity of Montana Historic District
The first men’s residence on campus renamed Elrod Hall, opened in 1923 with seventy student rooms. Like its near-twin Brantly Hall, the facility was originally intended to be part of two U-shaped residential complexes. The Helena architectural firm . . . — Map (db m144156) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — St. Francis Xavier Church
Jesuits arrived in the Missoula Valley in 1841 en route to the Bitterroot, where they established the first Catholic mission in the Rocky Mountains. In 1873, they opened a chapel in Missoula, building the first St. Francis Xavier Church in 1881. . . . — Map (db m144462) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Steiger ApartmentsThis Property Contributes to the East Pine Street Historic District
Classical details add character and prestige to this brick apartment building constructed by Joseph Steiger in 1903. First-story windows with gentle arches soften the strict classical symmetry while eaves trimmed in dentils and a grand entry porch . . . — Map (db m144755) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Studebaker Building
As the automobile gained popularity in the 1910s, stables and garages existed side by side until motor travel prevailed over horses in the 1920s. The succession of businesses at this address documents the transition that must have been hard on . . . — Map (db m144459) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Student UnionUniversity of Montana Historic District
Missoula architect C. J. Forbis ushered in a new campus building phase in 1935 with the construction of this student union. The building’s placement and modern Art Deco façade broke ranks with the Renaissance Revival style called for in the old . . . — Map (db m144207) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — T-1 Post Headquarters
The old post chapel once occupied this site where, in 1940, officials located the fort’s administrative center. Built for $15,300, the tall stucco-covered frame building housed the commanding officer and his staff. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor . . . — Map (db m123281) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Taxidermist Shop and Warwick ApartmentsNorthside Missoula Railroad Historic District
The two buildings along Wolf Avenue that are joined today as apartments have separate histories. The older building fronting Second Avenue was listed in the 1890 city directory as a taxidermy shop and residence. By 1893, the wood frame structure . . . — Map (db m144524) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — The Atlantic Hotel
The construction of the Milwaukee Road and the reconstruction of the Northern Pacific Railroad through Missoula sparked a second railroad-era building boom in the early twentieth century. The need for accommodations for both railroad workers and . . . — Map (db m144769) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — The Grand Griz
In 1968 University of Montana Alumni commissioned faculty artist Rudy Autio to sculpt UM's mascot, the Grizzly Bear, From its location on the Ryman Memorial Mall, the beloved bronze landmark with the picturesque Main Hall as a backdrop greets . . . — Map (db m144171) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — The Heart of Campus
Just two years after the University's founding in 1893l the Oval was designed as the camps centerpiece. Crossing its lawn was discouraged until walkways were built with bricks that originally cobbled downtown streets. The walking mall's aid bears a . . . — Map (db m144170) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — The OvalUniversity of Montana Historic District
Professor Frederick Scheuch and first university President Oscar Craig created the original campus master plan in 1895. The plan specified that the entrances of all immediate and future campus buildings were to face the center of a large oval. Ovals . . . — Map (db m144169) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — The Palace Hotel
Missoula’s first commercial district developed southwest of the Northern Pacific Railroad depot in the 1880s and 1890s. But as the town blossomed, a new central business district began to take shape. The Palace Hotel, constructed at what was then . . . — Map (db m144460) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Twilight of an Era
The turn of the century decade began one of transition and progress and is considered the first decade of materialism and consumerism. A Tribute to Milltown Dam The growth of Montana's lumber industry was dependent on the . . . — Map (db m123097) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — University HallUniversity of Montana Historic District
Fronting the Oval at the heart of the campus, the university’s oldest standing building, also known as Main Hall, proudly represents the birth of this noble institution. Celebrated Missoula architect A. J. Gibson designed the Richardsonian . . . — Map (db m144115) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — University Library 1908-1923University of Montana Historic District
This enduring landmark was the fifth and final contribution to the campus by renowned Missoula architect A. J. Gibson. A work of exquisite craftsmanship and the university’s only example of Neo-classical architecture, the dramatic classical portico . . . — Map (db m144097) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — University Library 1922-1973University of Montana Historic District
Of the eight campus buildings constructed on the Carsley-Gilbert master plan, the library appropriately best expresses the Renaissance Revival style. Billings architects McIver and Cohagen designed this architectural gem with its Spanish tile roof, . . . — Map (db m144096) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — University of Montana World War (I) Memorial
In Honor of the Faculty, Alumni, and Undergraduates of the State University of Montana Who Served in the World War and in Memory of These Who Gave Their Lives in Service Ian G. Anderson • Virgil Bostwick • Lester Brennan • Roy . . . — Map (db m144276) WM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Veuve Hall
In Memory of Sergeant Ernest Veuve, U.S. Army. Recipient of the Medal of Honor for Conspicuous Gallantry Beyond the Call of Duty at Staked Plains, Texas, 1874. — Map (db m144335) HM WM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Women's Club Art BuildingUniversity of Montana Historic District
Architects designing campus buildings between 1935 and 1939 were faced with a dilemma. Should they choose the Renaissance Revival style of most previous campus buildings or opt for the modern designs prevailing throughout the nation? In a . . . — Map (db m144155) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Women's HallUniversity of Montana Historic District
Construction of this women’s residence, dedicated in 1903, attests to Montana’s early commitment to coeducation. Architect A. J. Gibson chose the simple, elegant Second Renaissance Revival style for his third campus building. Deviating from the . . . — Map (db m144152) HM

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May. 26, 2020