“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Page County Virginia Historical Markers

Lewis Mountain Dilemma Marker<br>(<i>top panel • "Laws and generally accepted customs"</i>) image, Touch for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, May 17, 2019
Lewis Mountain Dilemma Marker
(top panel • "Laws and generally accepted customs")
Virginia (Page County), Elkton — Lewis Mountain DilemmaShenandoah National Park
"Laws and generally accepted customs" When Shenandoah first welcomed visitors in 1936, Virginia was a "Jim Crow" state, its laws requiring segregation of the races. This created a dilemma for the National Park Service and the Department of the . . . — Map (db m134300) HM
Virginia (Page County), Grove Hill — Somerville HeightsA "most terrific fire from the enemy" — 1862 Valley Campaign —
Early in May 1862, Gen. Stonewall Jackson moved most of his army east over the Blue Ridge toward Charlottesville, leaving Gen. Richard S. Ewell's division at Conrad's Store (present day Elkton) to hold the Federals in the Shenandoah Valley. The . . . — Map (db m12086) HM
Virginia (Page County), Grove Hill — The Burning of Red BridgeThe "Last Straw" Between Jackson and Ashby — 1862 Valley Campaign —
Nearly a month after the battle of Kernstown, Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's command had worked its way south "up" the Valley to join Gen. Richard S. Ewell's division near Conrad's Store (Elkton). To secure this haven for reorganization, on . . . — Map (db m12085) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — A Home Away From Home?Shenandoah National Park
In late 1935, when Shenandoah National Park was officially established, 465 families remained on the land, most with no plans for relocation. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Resettlement Administration was tapped to help. The government . . . — Map (db m96232) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — A Slave Auction Block
Legend and narrative testimonies describe this stone as a slave auction block. From the Page News & Courier, August 31, 1961: “This native sandstone block . . . which stood at the corner of Main and Court Streets at the Chamber of Commerce . . . — Map (db m5612) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Appalachian Trail High Point
This trail intersection is highest point of the Appalachian Trail in Shenandoah National Park. Elevation 3837 — Map (db m45735) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Calendine
Calendine was built in the early 1850s by Townsend Young. The adjacent one story building served as a general store and stage stop on the Sperryville-New Market turnpike. The store was also a social gathering place for exchange of news and . . . — Map (db m16642) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — C-3 — Cavalry Engagement
In mid-June 1862, after Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley campaign, Brig. Gen. Beverly H. Robertson’s cavalry screened from Union observation Jackson’s movement east to join the Army of Northern Virginia near . . . — Map (db m591) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Civilian Conservation Camp
During the 1930's, CCC Camp NP-1, Company 334, Camp Dern was placed in the area across the Skyline Drive and 1/4 mile to the south. — Map (db m13244) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Confederate Heroes Monument
(Left Side):Would it not be a blame for us if their memories part from our land & heart and a wrong to them & a shame for us the glories they won shall not wane for us in legend & lay our heroes in gray shall forever live over again for us. . . . — Map (db m16457) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Construction of the Skyline Drive
Near this spot, on July 18, 1931, the ground-breaking ceremony for the Skyline Drive was conducted. This act began the eight-year construction of the 105-mile-long scenic roadway, which now stretches from Front Royal to Waynesboro, Virginia. — Map (db m45690) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Farm Machinery From The Past
During the 1800's farmer’s took everything from a from a simple hoe to a thresher “snorting black smoke” into the fields in pursuit of better harvest. Machines were run by hand, by oxen or horses, and finally by steam . . . — Map (db m100662) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Fisher’s Hill and Yager’s Mill“We would have captured the entire rebel army.” — 1864 Valley Campaigns —
In September 1864, Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan detached two cavalry divisions under Gen. Alfred T. A. Torbert to move into the Page Valley. While the bulk of Sheridan’s army would strike Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Confederates at Fisher’s Hill, Torbert . . . — Map (db m801) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — C-31 — Fort Philip Long
Six miles south, near Alma, stands Fort Philip Long, a small Germanic stone dwelling with a massive end chimney. Constructed on the edge of a bank, the house is unusual in having two cellar levels, one below the other. A tunnel leads from the lower . . . — Map (db m802) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Gaps in the StoryShenandoah National Park
Imagine it’s 1740. You're traveling west, and you've arrived at this point on Pass Mountain. You have to cross that next mountain on the other side of the valley, and there are no roads to guide you. Where will you cross? Most people would choose . . . — Map (db m134296) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — If These Walls Could Talk
"The hand-cut walls have stories to tell for those willing to listen." Reed Engle, The Greatest Single Feature… A Sky-line Drive May 15, 1933 saw the first Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camps established in Shenandoah at . . . — Map (db m134298) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Luray Caverns
(front) Near This Spot Andrew Campbell, feeling the cool air of newly found natural wonder Luray Caverns, is shown here very shortly after this "discovery of the century" was made. Photo was most likely taken by co-discoverer Benton . . . — Map (db m106463) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Massanutten School
This one-room school was originally located in the Massanutten section, west of Luray. Donated to the Page County Heritage Association by Thomas and Barbara Jenning, the c. 1880 building was moved to this site in 1974. Extensive renovation . . . — Map (db m800) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Massanutton
To the Founders of the Massanutton Settlement, 1729. Jacob Stover, Leader and Patentee of 5000 acre tract. Adam Miller, settler on the Shenandoah River 1727. Purchasers from Stover: Christian Clemon, Henry Sowter, Mathias Selzer, John Brubaker, . . . — Map (db m650) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Mauck Meeting House
Built for religious purposes by the “Neighbors”, mainly Mennonites from Switzerland and southern Germany. The outside of the one log walls were covered in 1851 with white weatherboards and the structure was roofed with chestnut . . . — Map (db m16643) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Mt. Carmel Baptist Church
Organized 1812. Called Old School Baptist since 1832 when there occurred a division in the Baptist Churches of the United States. Mt. Carmel Church Buildings. First, a frame building in West End. Second, a brick building at the head of . . . — Map (db m36327) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Old Man in the MountainShenandoah National Park
Stony Man, the old man in the mountain, is a Shenandoah National Park icon. It only takes a little imagination to see the profile of a man’s face in the mountain from here. Stony Man has lent his name to a summit, an overlook, a hike, a camp . . . — Map (db m96224) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Pass Run and Thornton GapBetween Campaigns — Gettysburg Campaign —
Nearly three weeks after the Battle of Gettysburg, and in the wake of a sharp fight near Front Royal at Wapping Heights (Manassas Gap) on July 23, 1863, Confederate troops from Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s corps withdrew to the Page Valley. On July 25, . . . — Map (db m13111) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Shenandoah National ParkSkyline Drive
Shenandoah National Park Shenandoah National Park was established in 1935 using lands donated by the Commonwealth of Virginia. The forest was once devastated by logging and farming, but has now returned, and covers more than 95 per cent of the . . . — Map (db m13249) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Shenandoah's CenterpieceShenandoah National Park
Decades before Shenandoah National Park was established, vacationers traveled to Skyland Resort seeking respite from urbanized, mechanized city life. Just as you have, they found rustic, natural surroundings, a slowed pace, and a chance to reconnect . . . — Map (db m134294) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — The Chapman-Ruffner HouseBoyhood Home of the “Fighting Chapmans” — Mosby's Confederacy —
Immigrant Peter Ruffner built this house about 1739. Before the Civil War, William A. Chapman bought it, and three sons reared here later fought for the Confederacy. For their exploits as members of Col. John S. Mosby’s Rangers, two of them, Lt. . . . — Map (db m17210) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — The Greatest Single FeatureShenandoah National Park
“The greatest single feature is a possible sky-line drive along the mountain top. . .Few scenic drives in the world could surpass it.” —Southern Appalachian National Park Committee, 1931 By 1929, more than 23 million . . . — Map (db m100663) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — The Reverend John Roads (Rhodes)
Died 1764. A Pioneer and Christian father, who with his wife and six of his thirteen children, was a victim of the last Indian massacre in Page County. — Map (db m57721) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Thornton GapTactical Mountain Pass
During the Civil War, this gap in the Blue Ridge was of significant tactical importance for the movement of troops, artillery, and supply wagons. The Thornton’s Gap Turnpike, a macadamized (hard-surfaced) road, passed through the gap and linked . . . — Map (db m100651) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — C-30 — White House
The old building just north of the road was built for a fort in 1760. It has long been a landmark in this valley. — Map (db m572) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — White House BridgeCritical Crossing — 1862 Valley Campaign —
On May 21, 1862. Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Valley Army plodded north along this road to threaten Front Royal and out flank Union Gen. Nathaniel Bank’s position at Strasburg. With the addition of Gen. Richard . . . — Map (db m799) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — White House Ferry
Operated from 1870–1910 about ¼ mile north of U.S. 211 over the South Fork of the Shenandoah River with its approach road close to the existing White House. You can easily see the White House, on the east side of the river, as you drive to the . . . — Map (db m573) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Willow Grove MillBurning the Bread Basket
On October 2, 1864, elements of the 2nd U.S. Cavalry Division under Col. William H. Powell reached this area near Luray and quickly laid waste to the Willow Grove Mill. Amanda Moore, wife of the mill’s owner, later recalled, "We had the Mill, Saw . . . — Map (db m11034) HM
Virginia (Page County), Overall — Battle of MilfordGuarding Early's Flank
During the Civil War, Milford (present-day Overall) was a small commercial center on the Luray-Front Royal Turnpike. Located in a narrow valley between river and mountains, the village saw more than its share of military action. Confederate Gen. . . . — Map (db m37247) HM
Virginia (Page County), Overall — Overall BridgeDesign Innovation
The metal truss bridge here at Overall, Page County Bridge No. 1990, is a historically innovative design. It was built in 1938 as part of a major realignment of present-day U.S. Route 340, then called State Route 12, between Luray and Front Royal, . . . — Map (db m37251) HM
Virginia (Page County), Overall — The Historic Page ValleyScenic Virginia Highlight
Laying within the larger Shenandoah Valley, the Page Valley is bounded on the east by the Blue Ridge and on the west by the Massanutten Mountain. The Page Valley's early European settlers were Pennsylvania Germans who brought their farming practices . . . — Map (db m37249) HM
Virginia (Page County), Panorama — Through the Gaps
In the valley below, Highway 211 snakes its way through the town of Luray and connects Thornton Gap, 1/2 mile to your left on Skyline Drive, with New Market Gap, the low point in distant Massanutten Mountain. Luray and Route 211 illustrate how . . . — Map (db m13228) HM
Virginia (Page County), Panorama — C-56 — William Randolph Barbee
Here stood “Hawburg,” birthplace of the eminent Virginia sculptor William R. Barbee (1816–1868). He studied in Florence, Italy, where he carved his famed “Coquette” and “The Fisher Girl.” Returning to the . . . — Map (db m1571) HM
Virginia (Page County), Rileyville — Z-248 — Warren County / Page County
Warren County. Area 216 square miles. Formed in 1836 from Frederick and Shenandoah, and named for General Joseph Warren, killed at Bunker Hill, 1775. Page County. Area 322 square miles. Formed in 1831 from Shenandoah and Rockingham, and . . . — Map (db m590) HM
Virginia (Page County), Shenandoah — Catherine FurnaceUnderground Railroad for Union Soldiers
Built in 1846, Catherine Furnace was one of three Page County furnaces in operation during the Civil War. The 30-foot-tall main stack is nearly all that remains of the cold blast furnace and once-huge operation here, when 22,500 acres supplied wood . . . — Map (db m15892) HM
Virginia (Page County), Shenandoah — J-95 — Execution of Summers and Koontz
On 22 May 1865, after the Civil War ended, Capt. George W. Summers, Sgt. I. Newton Koontz, and two other armed veterans of Co. D, 7th Virginia Cavalry, en route to obtain their paroles, robbed six Federal cavalrymen of their horses near Woodstock. . . . — Map (db m15902) HM
Virginia (Page County), Shenandoah — Shenandoah Iron WorksPage Valley Iron Industry
In 1836, brothers Daniel and Henry Forrer, in partnership with Samuel Gibbons, purchased land here for an ironworks and built a cold-blast furnace, called Furnace #1. Some 6,249 acres provided trees for charcoal, quarries and mines for limestone and . . . — Map (db m16641) HM
Virginia (Page County), Shenandoah — The Stevens Cottage 1890
The Stevens Cottage, located ¼ mile west, was built in 1890 to house the offices of the Shenandoah Land and Improvement Company. This restored post bellum building was designed by William M. Poindexter, in the shingle style of the Edwardian Period. . . . — Map (db m86243) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — "Here is peace and quietude"
Here is peace and quietude.”- President Herbert Hoover Shortly after his election in 1928, Herbert C. Hoover and his wife, Lou Henry, expressed the desire for a weekend retreat – a place where they could find respite . . . — Map (db m45639) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — “Five Tents”
The first permanent structure was actually built around five wooden floored tents. The roof, partitions, fireplace, porch, windows, and doors were then constructed until nothing remained of the original tents except the name. Herbert Hoover, Jr. . . . — Map (db m45628) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — A Rather Biggish Establishment
We discussed the proposed camp as we explored . . . . Conditions necessitate A Rather biggish establishment - Lou Henry Hoover, describing the future Rapidan Camp, 1929 I have discovered that even the work of the government can be improved . . . — Map (db m45677) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Camp Hoover
. . . — Map (db m45621) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Famous Town Hall Visitors
Many famous individuals were invited to visit the President’s retreat on the Rapidan River. Among these was Charles A. Lindbergh, the first aviator to fly non-stop from New York to Paris, France in 1927. Lindbergh donated the large parchment lamp . . . — Map (db m45670) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Graves’ ChapelJackson’s Last Glimpse of the Shenandoah Valley
On November 24, 1862, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson moved through Page County toward Fisher’s Gap to rejoin the main body of the Army of Northern Virginia, then near Fredericksburg. Jackson was in command of the newly organized . . . — Map (db m15896) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Guarding the PastShenandoah National Park
In the end, the character of a civilization is encased in its structures.”   Frank Gehry, architect Historic preservation honors and saves our past. Preservation, both natural and cultural, is a mission and mandate of the . . . — Map (db m96233) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Jackson's Last Mountain Crossing
In November, 1862, Stonewall Jackson moved his 25,000 troops from Antietam to Fredericksburg. The army came through the deep notch (New Market Gap) in the first mountain range to the west (Massanutten Mountain). They followed the course of the Old . . . — Map (db m13184) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Mountain Contrast
To your right, if visibility permits, you can see the parallel ridges of Massanutten Mountain and other mountains beyond. Compare those long straight ridges with the ragged, jumbled look of the Blue Ridge Mountains in front of you. Different . . . — Map (db m106703) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Mountain Streams in the Camp
Hemlock Run, the small artificial stream that flowed through the cabin area was created by a small diversion dam. This dam was built upstream from the cabin area across Laurel Prong. Laurel Prong and Mill Prong join just below the President’s Cabin . . . — Map (db m45627) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Outdoor Fireplace
Presidential Aids who were stationed at the camp say that this fireplace was mainly used for outdoor photographs. When reporters and authors wanted pictures of the Chief Executive and his guests they were often posed here. Logs, used for benches, . . . — Map (db m45626) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Rapidan Campthen & now
Blue indicates Roads, trails, and structures – 1930s Red indicates Roads, trails and structures – now Rapidan’s Original Structures Five Tents (blue) – the first structure built; ruins still visible today Trails End (blue) . . . — Map (db m45646) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Recreational Pursuits
Trout fishing was the chief pastime at the camp. Other diversions were horseback riding, horseshoe pitching, hiking and working puzzles. Above, is the recreation area adjacent to Town Hall. Below, Richey and Boone work on a jig-saw puzzle. — Map (db m45662) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Stonewall Jackson's Marches
The Shenandoah Valley below was the scene of much of Confederate General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's activity, during the first two years of the Civil War. His swift and secret marches earned his troops the name of "foot cavalry." Jackson's . . . — Map (db m13183) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — The Creel
The Creel was occupied by two of President Hoover’s Chief Aids, Larry Richey, a former F.B.I. agent, was assigned to guard the President and became his personal “secretary” or manager. He assumed great responsibility for the detailed . . . — Map (db m45619) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — The Mess Hall
The photograph below shows one of several tables in the Mess Hall. Almost everyone ate their meals at the central dining room. This allowed more time for fishing and other outdoor recreation. The rug is of straw matting, in contrast to the Navajo . . . — Map (db m45660) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — The President’s Quarters
Although Camp Hoover was rustic, it was comfortably furnished with a mixture of styles. The Hoovers had many Navajo rugs which they used throughout their cabin. Above is a sunporch and below the Hoovers’ bedrooms. — Map (db m45612) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — The Prime Minister’s Cabin
Prime Minister Ramsey McDonald of England was a frequent guest of President Hoover. The “Press” of that day popularly envisioned these two peace loving leaders sitting on a log in the Camp Hoover area scrapping the navies of the world. . . . — Map (db m45616) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Town Hall
Town Hall was the center for Executive Meetings and social activities here at Camp Hoover. The two stone fireplaces were kept burning during chilly evenings. The President and his guests furnished brilliant conversation nightly on a wide variety of . . . — Map (db m45668) HM
Virginia (Page County), Stanley — Town Hall on Town Hall
The large porch on Town Hall was also given the same name as the cabin. Guests liked the informal gatherings held here when mild weather permitted. The babble of Hemlock Run encouraged everyone to join in the conversations, discussions, and debates. . . . — Map (db m45666) HM
Virginia (Page County), Verbena — History of Verbena
Original Grant from King George III to Charles Cropson 1746. 1783 Grant from Beverly Randolf, Governor of Virginia to Jacob Mire. 1802 Jacob Mire to George Price. Original Mill Built 1803. Verbena Park and present mill . . . — Map (db m12083) HM
Virginia (Page County), Verbena — Shield's Advance & RetreatJackson Divides and Conquers — 1862 Valley Campaign —
Having successfully driven Gen. Nathaniel Bank's Union army from the Shenadoah Valley in late May 1862, Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's "foot cavalry" had little time to reset. While one Union army under Gen. John C. Frémont was bearing down . . . — Map (db m12079) HM

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