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Philadelphia County Pennsylvania Historical Markers

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"...is hereby empowered to sieze such Fugitives" Marker image, Touch for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., March 23, 2017
"...is hereby empowered to sieze such Fugitives" Marker
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "...is hereby empowered to sieze such Fugitives"

Nobody with dark skin could live without fear of the kidnappers who operated under a virtual man-hunter's license provided by the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793. For free Philadelphians of African descent, fear always stalked the streets as . . . — Map (db m102438) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "An Act respecting fugitives from Justice"

In March of 1793, Washington signed the Fugitive Slave Act, which gave slave owners explicit authority to recover escaped slaved from any part of the nation. Some agents even took advantage of this law to kidnap free people of African descent. — Map (db m102240) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "Associators"Pennsylvania National Guard — 1747 - 1997
The Rampant Lion [Image of a lion with sword and shield] Crest of the the PA National Guard. Near this site, the Associators, a group of citizen-soldiers organized by Benjamin Franklin and predecessor to the modern Pennsylvania National . . . — Map (db m19096) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "Burn this treaty to Hell!"

On July 4, 1795, angry Philadelphians crowded the streets to protest the ratification of the Jay Treaty. The mob burned an effigy of former Chief Justice John Jay, who had negotiated a treaty with England that many people despised for its . . . — Map (db m102220) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "Freedom might be too great a temptation"

Hercules, Washington's enslaved chef, asked that his son Richmond be brought to Philadelphia. If Hercules wanted Richmond to witness free people of African descent in Philadelphia, his wish ended after a short period of time. Washington sent . . . — Map (db m102439) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "Gloria Dei" ChurchNational Historic Site
Here in 1677, Swedish settlers founded the first Christian church within what is now Philadelphia. Religious services were originally held in a log blockhouse. The present edifice, was erected in 1698-1703 and dedicated on June 2, 1700. In 1845 the . . . — Map (db m21803) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "I am free now"

Oney Judge's strong desire for freedom drove the 22-year-old enslaved seamstress to flee the President's house on May 21, 1796. With the help of friends of African descent, she found passage to New Hampshire, where she married, raised a family, . . . — Map (db m102289) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "I will fear no Evil"

Many evenings, Oney Judge would sit on her pallet where she slept at the foot of Martha Washington's bed, sewing and listening to the First Lady read the Bible, sing hymns, and pray with her two granddaughters in the next room.

In the . . . — Map (db m102275) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "Pat's King of Steaks"
Using culinary influences from Abruzzi, Italy. Brothers Pat and Harry Olivieri created one of the nation's favorite fast foods. The steak sandwich, from a centuries-old recipe used in American homes, Pat's steaks originated here in 1930 and invented . . . — Map (db m82079) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "The Italian Market"
By 1915 a second generation of Italian Americans organized a business association due to competing nearby markets. The Association's officers' ancestries hailed from central and southern Italy, and eastern Sicily; other members also were Americans . . . — Map (db m81641) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — "We shall come to a civil war"

Abigail wrote to her sister in May of 1798 expressing her fears as the political debate heated up over President Adams' policies towards France. Over one thousand men marched in support of Adams on the street outside her window, while rumors . . . — Map (db m102222) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — “. . .it was intended to be an expression of the American mind. . .”Independence
Thomas Jefferson resided at his site while drafting the Declaration of Independence. In little more than two weeks, Jefferson finished his timeless defense of “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” While Jefferson labored over . . . — Map (db m106131) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — “A Man Full of Trouble” Tavern
Built in 1759 with adjoining Paschall House. Last of the 18th century inns of colonial Philadelphia owned by Colonel Blaithewaite Jones, who was in charge of the Delaware River defenses of Philadelphia during the Revolution, and John Wood, famous . . . — Map (db m31273) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — “Common Sense”
At his print shop here, Robert Bell published the first edition of Thomas Paine’s revolutionary pamphlet in January 1776. Arguing for a republican form of government under a written constitution, it played a key role in rallying American support for . . . — Map (db m32264) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — “Evangeline”The Almshouse of the Society of Friends
On this site in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s narrative poem, “Evangeline,” Gabriel LaJeunesse and Evangeline Bellefontaine were reunited in the almshouse of the Society of Friends, located here 1729–1841. — Map (db m50804) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — “The Place You Tread is Holy Ground-”
In this church on the 4th of July 1779 was held the first public - religious commemoration of the Declaration of Independence. Attendance at the Holy Mass, then sung, was The Continental Congress, The President and official head of the new . . . — Map (db m9113) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — 1914-1918 Tribute Trees
The trees along this parkway have been planted as a tribute of honor and gratitude to the men who served their country in the Great War Higher public spirit Better social order Civic Club — Map (db m106925) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — 2012 Delancey Place
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. — Map (db m82816) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — A Backyard in the Capital CityIndependence National Historical Park
Behind each house is a little court or garden, where usually are the necessaries . . . the kitchen, stable, etc. are all placed in buildings at the side or behind . . . ” An accurate portrait of home life in 18th-century . . . — Map (db m106433) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — A Day of Reciprocity

In late August of 1793, leading members of the free African and white communities joined in a banquet to celebrate the roof raising of the first African church in Philadelphia. The dinner was in two parts, Dr. Benjamin Rush explained, "six of . . . — Map (db m102295) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — A Fashionable Promenade
In the 17th century, when the Square first appeared in the city plan, streams drained into a deep gully in front of you. Then, beginning in 1833, geometric paths invited visitors into a leveled square planted with hundreds of trees. By 1846, . . . — Map (db m9031) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — A Grand Cultural Boulevard
The architect who drafted the Parkway plan in 1897 envisioned a grand boulevard like the Champs-Elysses in Paris and those of the 1893 Chicago’s World Fair in Chicago. Here, a constellation of art schools and museums would become the city’s . . . — Map (db m106618) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — A Home For Art
Most of the early 20th century plans for the Parkway included two major art museums, each with its own art school. The architects dreamed of students learning to create works of art next door to grand museums devoted to showing great works of . . . — Map (db m106572) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — A Street Scene in the Capital City
The building at the corner of Library Street is a quaint and substantial example of the old style architecture where substance and solidity were objects of the first importance. Public Ledger, April 20, 1887 Close by the Pennsylvania State . . . — Map (db m9253) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — A Working-Class House in the Capital City
Wealth makes all the distinction of classes in Philadelphia. Duc de la Rochefoucault-Liancourt, 1783 The house of a workman stood here in the late 1700s when Philadelphia was the temporary capital of the United States. Its location is marked . . . — Map (db m9220) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — A.M.E. Book Concern
Here in 1836 a church related company began printing hymnals, religious materials, and works by Black authors of the period. In 1847 The Christian Recorder was published here. Bishop Benjamin Tucker Tanner was editor of the firm until 1884. — Map (db m83447) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln stood here when he raised the flag on Independence Hall February 22nd 1861. This tablet placed by Post 2 Department of Pennsylvania Grand Army of the Republic — Map (db m9259) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Academy of Natural Sciences
Founded nearby in 1812, it is the oldest natural science institution in the Americas. It remains an invaluable resource for the study of life on Earth, with outstanding exhibits and scientific collections. Relocated to Logan Square in 1876, part of . . . — Map (db m83404) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Aero Memorial1948 — Paul Manship (1885-1966)
Shaped like a celestial sphere, this gilded bronze sculpture is dedicated to Pennsylvania aviators who died in World War I. The outer structure suggests as astronomical instrument, and the figures illustrate signs of the zodiac. Sculptor Paul . . . — Map (db m106807) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Aero Memorial PillarAviator Park — Memorial to the aviators of Pennsylvania killed in action
Aero Memorial World War I 1917–1918 — Map (db m51069) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — African American Baseball in Philadelphia
For 85 years, starting with the Pythians and Excelsiors in 1867, Black ball clubs were a significant part of the Philadelphia scene. The Giants, formed 1902, were soon "World's Colored Champions." The Hilldales, Eastern Colored League Champions, . . . — Map (db m82076) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — African Zoar Methodist Episcopal Church
Founded here in 1794 by 15 men and three women from St. George's Church, led by Rev. Harry Hosier. Zoar was active in the Underground Railroad and moved to 12th and Melon Streets in 1883. It is United Methodism's oldest Black congregation. — Map (db m82644) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Alexander Milne CalderSculptor — 1846-1923
Alexander Milne Calder emigrated from Scotland in 1868 and spent twenty years creating over 250 sculptures that adorn City Hall. His bronze William Penn, installed atop the tower in 1894, is thought to be the largest sculpture on top of a . . . — Map (db m107272) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Alfred J. Reach(1840-1928)
Pioneer baseball professional; a great early 2nd baseman. Played for the Philadelphia Athletics, 1865-75. Phillies' first owner & president, 1883-1902. Published "Official Base Ball Guide." His A.J. Reach & Co., maker of sporting goods, was here. — Map (db m82960) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — All Wars Memorial to Colored Soldiers and Sailors
(Front Inscription): Erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in honor of her Colored Soldiers. (Back Inscription):To commemorate the heroism and sacrifice of all Colored Soldiers who served in the various wars engaged in by the . . . — Map (db m8411) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — American Bandstand
This television program had a major impact on the music, dance, and lifestyles of American teenagers. “Bandstand,” a local show, began in 1952. Dick Clark became host in 1956, and on August 5, 1957, “American Bandstand” . . . — Map (db m53101) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — American Friends Service Committee
Founded in Philadelphia in 1917, the AFSC has given practical expression to the faith of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). Its worldwide humanitarian work has reflected a commitment to nonviolence & justice. Co-recipient, Nobel Peace . . . — Map (db m83475) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — American Pharmaceutical Association
Professional society created Oct. 6-8, 1852, to assure quality & safe distribution of drugs. Pharmacists from eight states met in a building nearby for the founding meeting; among them was Philadelphian William Procter, Jr., "Father of American . . . — Map (db m8985) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — American Philosophical Society
The American Philosophical Society ~ Founded by ~ Benjamin Franklin - 1743 - --------------------- Outgrowth of The Junto, 1727   :   Reorganized 1769 The First Learned Society in the British Plantations in America -------------------- This . . . — Map (db m106154) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — American Philosophical Society Hall
Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States U. S. . . . — Map (db m106153) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — America's First Lager
In 1840, John Wagner brought lager yeast from his native Bavaria and brewed the nation's first lager beer. Later, other German immigrants began brewing lagers, which soon became popular & promoted growth of America's brewing industry — Map (db m82643) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — 3 — An Gorta Mór - Ireland's Great Hunger

To this day, all over Ireland the landscape bears mute testimony to the events that occurred in the horrific period from 1845-1850. Starvation graveyards offer silent tribute to the millions of Irish men, women, and children buried in . . . — Map (db m102387) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Andrew Hamilton
In honor of Andrew Hamilton 1665 - 1741 "The Philadelphia Lawyer" — Map (db m9351) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Anne Brancato Wood(1903-1972)
A child of Italian immigrants, Brancato entered Democratic city politics in 1928. One of few women in the state assembly (1932-41), she sponsored pioneering social reform legislation. Her business offices were located here. — Map (db m82820) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Anthony Benezet(1713 - 1784)

Leading abolitionist in the 18th century, his writings influenced the antislavery movement worldwide and federal abolition legislation. A teacher and Quaker, he educated blacks in his home, 1750-70, and opened a secondary school for girls in . . . — Map (db m102316) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Anthony J. Drexel(1826 - 1893)
Entrepreneur and philanthropist Drexel created the world's first trans-Atlantic banking network from an office first located here. It financed many U.S. railroads and businesses of the industrial era. Founder of Drexel University. — Map (db m9532) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Arch Street Friends1681
The Arch Street Meeting House stands as an enduring symbol of the people who created Pennsylvania as a "Holy Experiment." Built to house the men's and women's Yearly Meetings, the business sessions of the Religious Society of Friends for . . . — Map (db m9324) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Arch Street Meeting House
The meetinghouse was built in 1804 on a burial ground granted by William Penn in 1701. It has been continuously used as a place of worship and center for activities of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) of the Philadelphia region. — Map (db m82899) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Archeology
In 2010, archeologists excavated this eastern portion of Logan Square, now called Sister Cities Park, in preparation for its renovation. In doing so, approximately 60 remnants of graves were uncovered, thought to be remnants from the early 19th . . . — Map (db m106928) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Archeology Methods and Interpretation
Uncovering History How do we learn about the lives of those who came before us? Old documents such as letters, diaries, and land deeds tell us about particular people, places and events. Yet written records do not always survive and most were . . . — Map (db m8981) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — 6 — Arrival and Reception

The New World was often hostile to this flood of impoverished Irish immigrants. In America's cities, including Philadelphia, they arrived to face the native "Know-Nothing" movement, which defined "American" in terms that excluded the newly . . . — Map (db m102396) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Arsenal(former Guard House and Prison) — 1816
Report from the Fort 4 December 1815 • Captain Samuel Babcock, Engineer I have the honor to enclose an estimate and plans of additions and repairs which I conceive necessary at Fort Mifflin. The Bombproofs which exist at present are in a . . . — Map (db m12625) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Artillery
Cannon During the Revolutionary War armaments at Fort Mifflin were typical of those used at all colonial forts. Cannons were the largest weapons, but due to lack of materials in America, they were acquired from France or captured from the . . . — Map (db m12783) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Artillery Corps Washington Grays
Erected by the Artillery Corps Washington Grays On the street at the west side of this square was formed the 17th Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment, of which the Artillery Corps Washington Grays was a part, the first to arrive in Washington . . . — Map (db m107091) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Artillery Shed1837
Report from the Fort 30 September 1836 • Richard Delafield, Captain of Engineers [The] erection of a gun shed, for such artillery and carriages as shall not be mounted in battery … may not … be perfected this fall. National . . . — Map (db m12611) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Auditor’s Office SiteIndependence National Historical Park
During the 1790s, when Philadelphia was the capital of the United States, the Auditor of the United States rented a house on this site for his office. The Auditor, a member of the well-developed hierarchy of the Treasury Department, carefully . . . — Map (db m106746) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Awarding a Peace Medal

In 1792, Otetiani, a Seneca orator and political leader, led a large delegation of Native American leaders to Philadelphia to negotiate a peace treaty between Native American nations in the Northwest Territory and the United States. In honor of . . . — Map (db m102414) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Baker Bowl National League Park
The Phillies' baseball park from its opening in 1887 until 1938. Rebuilt 1895; hailed as nation's finest stadium. Site of first World Series attended by U.S. President, 1915; Negro League World Series, 1924-26; Babe Ruth's last major league game, . . . — Map (db m82907) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Baldwin Locomotive Works
For years the nation’s leading locomotive manufacturer, it exported products worldwide. Established here by Matthias Baldwin in 1835, it was an early example of integrated industrial organization, employing more than 15,000 workers. Its 39 buildings . . . — Map (db m82520) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Barry
In memory of John Barry Father of the American Navy Born in Co. Wexford Ireland March 25, 1745 First captain of the first ship owned by the Continental Congress. Continuous in his service during the entire period of the Revolution. Supreme . . . — Map (db m9117) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Battle of Germantown
The Battle of Germantown occurred at Cliveden, the country home of Pa. Chief Justice Benjamin Chew, on Oct. 4, 1777. A British regiment occupied Cliveden and defended it from full assault by the colonials. Over 70 soldiers died on these grounds. . . . — Map (db m12373) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Battle of Germantown
On the morning of the Battle of Germantown, October 4 1777, the Pennsylvania Militia, under Gen'l John Armstrong, occupying the high ground on the west side of the creek opposite this point, engaged in a skirmish the left wing of the British . . . — Map (db m24885) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Battle of GermantownThe Revolution in the Wissahickon — 1777
To retake recently occupied Philadelphia, American Commander-in-Chief, General George Washington, ordered a surprise four-prong attack on the British forces encamped in Germantown. Assigned the defense of the Wissahickon Valley, German mercenary . . . — Map (db m69051) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Battle of Germantown Monument
Washington to the President of Congress ---------------- Upon the whole it may be said that the day was unfortunate rather than injurious. We sustained no material loss +++++ The enemy are nothing the better by the event & our troops, who are not in . . . — Map (db m46830) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Benj. H. HodgsonLieut. 7th U.S. Calvery
Son of J. B. & M. A. Hodgson Killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn Custer Massacre June 25, 1876 in the 28th year of his age [ Left of Monument ] U. S. Military Academy West Point Class 1870 [ Right of Monument ] He the . . . — Map (db m40982) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Benjamin Banneker Institute
Founded here in 1854 and dedicated to the literary betterment of African Americans, this school was named for a Black astronomer and mathematician who published an almanac and helped survey Washington, D.C. — Map (db m82535) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Benjamin Franklin1706 - 1790
The class of 1930 at its 50th reunion honors Benjamin Franklin founder of the University of Pennsylvania which began at this site in 1749 and which in 1779 became the first university in this nation. We recognize the growth of our beloved . . . — Map (db m9314) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Benjamin Franklin(1706 - 1790)
Printer, author, inventor, diplomat, philanthropist statesman, and scientist. The eighteenth century's most illustrious Pennsylvanian built a house in Franklin Court starting in 1763, and here he lived the last five years of his life. — Map (db m9535) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Benjamin Rush(1745-1813)
Physician, humanitarian, educator, patriot leader. He signed the Declaration of Independence, opposed slavery, and supported public health & social reforms. Known as "Father of American Psychiatry." His house of birth stood here until 1969. — Map (db m82038) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Benjamin Rush, M.D.1745 - 1813
Father of American Psychiatry Signer of the Declaration of Independence Heroic Physician, Teacher, Humanitarian Physician General of the Continental Army Physician to the Pennsylvania Hospital Professor of Physic, University of Pennsylvania Erected . . . — Map (db m106480) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Benjamin Smith Barton1766 - 1815
Physician, professor of natural history at the University of Pennsylvania. Author of first American botany textbook. In 1803, he taught natural history to Meriwether Lewis in preparation for Lewis & Clark Expecition, 1803 - 1806. He lived here. — Map (db m24649) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Berean Institute
Founded in 1899 by Rev. Matthew Anderson, pastor of Berean Presbyterian Church and founder of Berean Savings Association, this school taught Blacks skilled trades not available elsewhere. Later the curriculum was expanded to meet changing student . . . — Map (db m82507) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Betsy Ross(1752-1836)
Credited with making the first stars and stripes flag, Ross was a successful upholsterer. She produced flags for the government for over 50 years. As a skilled artisan, Ross represents the many women who supported their families during the . . . — Map (db m82895) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Betsy Ross House
This house where Betsy Ross made the first American Flag was restored to its original colonial condition through the patriotic generosity of a Son of the American Revolution A. Atwater Kent of Philadelphia and was rededicated as a shrine of American . . . — Map (db m106155) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Bicentennial Dawn
A Multi-Unit Sculpture by Louise Nevelson Bicentennial Dawn, Philadelphia My search in life has been for a new seeing, a new image, a new insight, a new consciousness. This search includes the object as well as the in-between places – . . . — Map (db m106485)
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Bicentennial Moon Tree
Sycamore planted May 6, 1975 from seed carried to the moon by Astronaut Stuart A. Roosa on Apollo XIV, February 1971. National Aeronautics & Space Administration Forest Service USDA Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Honoring Earth's green world of . . . — Map (db m9026) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Billie Holiday(1915-1959)
Known as "Lady Day," she was called the greatest jazz vocalist of her time. Starting in 1933, she recorded with Benny Goodman, Teddy Wilson, and others. Notable songs include "Lover Man," "Strange Fruit." In this city she often lived here. — Map (db m81927) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Blacksmith Shopca. 1778
Report from the Fort 21 January 1802 • Major J. J. Ulrich Rivardi The Blacksmith shop, a brick building, two fires, 20 feet by 19 – very good. In 1776 the Committee of Safety of the Delaware River ordered a “Smith Shop and . . . — Map (db m12605) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Blackwell House1809
Has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m82904) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Brigadier General Casimir Pulaski1748-1779
Native of Poland General of the Continental Army Despairing of liberty in his native land he volunteered his services to the American Patriots. Gave his life at the siege of Savannah. — Map (db m29775) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Brigadier General Smedley D. Butler
. . . — Map (db m107584) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Broad Street Station
Opened here, 1881, by the Pennsylvania Railroad; enlarged 1893. This was once the world's largest railroad passenger terminal. Its great arched train shed burned, 1923. The station and its long elevated stone track bed (the “Chinese . . . — Map (db m20958) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Buckley Park
In memory of PFC Charles J. Buckley USMC 1949-1968 and of other Americans who gave their lives in the Republic of Vietnam — Map (db m22109) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Burholme Memorial for Peace
United States Army Panel Harry F. Berry, 32, PFC, USA, WWII Frederick W. Peterman, Jr., 21, PFC, USA, WWII Howard G. Watkins, 20, Sgt, USA, WWII Frank N. Flick, 21, Pvt, USA, WWII Harry Childs, 19, Pvt, USA, WWII Earl E. . . . — Map (db m39341) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Burholme World War I Memorial
To honor the valiant sons of Burholme and all others who served their country in the World War 1917 - 1918 J. George Herrmann Emmett G. Laub [Died in service] — Map (db m22474) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Byberry Hall

Meeting place built in 1846-47 adjacent to Byberry Friends Meeting by renowned African American abolitionist Robert Purvis and others to facilitate public discussion of slavery and other social issues. Many famous abolitionists such as James . . . — Map (db m82287) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — C. Delores Tucker(1927 -2005)
Civil rights leader and activist for women. She was the first African American Secretary of State in the nation. Lived here for 47 years. Spearheaded Commission on the Status of Women and championed the PA Equal Rights Amendment, policies on . . . — Map (db m82041) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Capt. Charles Massey Housecirca 1794
Charles Massey's grandfather, Samuel Massey, an Irish Quaker, founded the family shipping company in Philadelphia in 1699. Charles' fleet of 20 vessels sailed to 76 ports around the world and his flagship, “The Globe”, made 8 voyages to . . . — Map (db m21528) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Capt. Henry J. Biddle2nd Lieut. Jonathan Williams Biddle
Capt. Henry J. Biddle Assistant Adjutant General Pennsylvania Reserves Born   May 16, 1817 Mortally wounded in the Battle of New Market Cross Roads June 30, Died in Richmond, Va. July 20, 1862 [ Lt. Jonathan Biddle Marker ] In memory of . . . — Map (db m41064) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Carpenters' Hall
. . . for the purpose of obtaining instruction in the science of architecture and assisting such of their members as should by accident be in need of support, or the widows and minor children of members . . . By-laws of the Carpenters' . . . — Map (db m9653) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Carpenters' Hall
Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States U. S. . . . — Map (db m106152) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Casemates or Bombproofs1798
Report from the Fort 21 January 1802 • Major J. J. Ulrich Rivardi The bombproofs are six in number and well arched. No.1 - used as a guard house has two large bake ovens – its dimensions are 50 feet in length, 18 in width . . . — Map (db m12759) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Caspar Wistar(1761 - 1818)
Noted physician, lived here. Professor of anatomy at the University of Pennsylvania. President of the American Philosophical Society & Pa. Abolition Society. In 1803, tutored Meriwether Lewis in medicine & paleontology, in preparation for the . . . — Map (db m9109) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Catherine Hanson
This fountain is to the memory of Catherine Hanson. Daughter of Andrew Hanson, died October 28, 1646 at 8 years of age and was the first white body to be laid away in the soil of the Swedish Colony, which is now Pennsylvania. — Map (db m21536) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Center Square
The site of this City Hall was originally Center Square, one of the five squares given by William Penn to the city when he founded Philadelphia. During the Revolution, regiments of Patriots drilled here. In September 1781, Comte de Rochambeau, . . . — Map (db m107632) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Central Library
Opened on June 2, 1927, the Central Library was designed in the Beaux Arts style by Horace Trumbauer & Julian Francis Abele. It was built to serve as the main building of the Free Library of Philadelphia, chartered in 1891. — Map (db m82524) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Charles Allen Smith
Erected by the Allied Monument Committee of Phila. to Charles Allen Smith April 21, 1917 Killed at Vera Cruz April 22, 1914 — Map (db m21531) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Charles Thomson(1729 – 1824)
First and only Secretary to the Continental and Confederation Congresses (1774 – 1789) A farmer and Biblical scholar in retirement at his estate called Harriton in Bryn Mawr. — Map (db m40971) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Chestnut Hill and Mount Airy World War II Memorial
. . . — Map (db m22144) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Chestnut Hill and Mount Airy World War Memorial
In loving memory of the men of Chestnut Hill and Mt. Airy who died in the World War France 1918 “They challenge us to hold more precious than mortal life · Ideals of Honour · Justice and Righteousness” “They . . . — Map (db m22115) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Christ Church
Founded, 1695. Erection of present building begun in 1727. Bells were brought from England in 1754. Among the noted persons buried here are James Wilson and Robert Morris, Signers of the Declaration of Independence, and Bishop White. — Map (db m9330) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Christ Church1695
The very existence of Christ Church and the elegant majesty of this building is a testament to the success of William Penn's "Holy Experiment." His Charter of Privileges allowed all denominations freedom of worship, even the Church of England from . . . — Map (db m9331) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Christ Church
Whereas the honorable Continental Congress have resolved to declare the American Colonies to be free and independent states ... it will be proper to omit those petitions from the liturgy wherein the King of Great Britain is prayed for ... . . . — Map (db m9354) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Christ Church
Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United States U. S. . . . — Map (db m106346) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Christ Church Burial Ground1719
Christ Church Burial Ground is most famous as the final resting place of Benjamin Franklin, a man who captured the spirit of his age and of the city. Franklin's genius touched nearly every aspect of Philadelphia's life and produced many . . . — Map (db m9315) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Christian Street Hospital
First Civil War U.S. Army Hospital, founded May, 1861. Here Drs. Mitchell, Keen, Morehouse, and others used electric current, drugs, and other experiments in pioneering treatment of nerve and related disorders. Closed 1865. — Map (db m81655) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Christian Street YMCA
Opened in 1914, this was the first Black YMCA to have its own building. A social center and meeting place for African-American organizations, it provided recreational and educational opportunities for members of the Black community. — Map (db m81915) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Christopher Saur(1693 – 1758)
A pioneer printer in colonial America, Saur produced the nation’s first European language Bible here in 1743. He printed the most widely read German newspaper & used his press to alert the public to German causes. He aided fellow German immigrants . . . — Map (db m69119) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Christopher Sower
1738                     1938 In commemoration of the two hundredth anniversary of the founding of the Printing and Publishing House of Christopher Sower (1683 – 1758) at 5255-5263 Germantown Ave. nearly opposite ----- • ----- There, he . . . — Map (db m46867) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Chronology of Benjamin Franklin
1706 Born at Boston, January 17. 1723 Removed to Philadelphia. 1729 Editor of Pennsylvania Gazette. 1730 Appointed Public Printer. 1731 Founded the Philadelphia Library. 1736 Organized the first Philadelphia Fire Company. 1737 Appointed Postmaster . . . — Map (db m9318) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Church of the Advocate
Here in the 1974 the first eleven women Episcopal priests were ordained. This noted Gothic Revival church, built 1887-97, served a growing African American community after 1930. Host to major Black Power events of the 1960s and '70s. National . . . — Map (db m82496) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Citadel - 1796Commandant’s House – 1835
Citadel Report from the War Office 16 January 1796 • Timothy Pickering, Secretary of War A fort, on Mud Island, is about half done, and a Citadel has been erected to complete the fort … Report from the Fort 21 January 1802 • . . . — Map (db m12613) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Citizens and Southern Bank
Founded in 1921 by R.R. Wright, Sr., who was born of slave parents, this bank was noted for serving the financial needs of Black customers. It survived the Great Depression and later established offices throughout the city. — Map (db m82989) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — I4 — Civil War Soldiers And Sailors Memorial1927 — Hermon Atkins MacNeill (1866-1947)
Designed as a formal gateway to the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, these 40-foot pylons of Tennessee marble commemorate military men of the Civil war. The figures at the base of the north column portray soldiers, and the group of the south column . . . — Map (db m106561) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Civilian Public Service
During World War II, some 12,000 men who were classified as conscientious objectors to war -- about fifteen percent of them from Pennsylvania -- served in non-military occupations across the United States. Under the leadership of Mennonite, Quaker, . . . — Map (db m81958) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Cliveden
Country House of Benjamin Chew. Built 1763 – 1767. Site of the Battle of Germantown Oct. 4, 1777 A Co-Stewardship Property of The National Trust for Historic Preservation. Open to the public Thurs – Sat 12 PM to 4 PM Sun 12PM to 4 PM . . . — Map (db m29737) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Colonial Herb Garden
Such plantings were common in 17th- & 18th- century America. Herbs were primarily used in cooking and for medical purposes. — Map (db m69093) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Commercial Digital Computer Birthplace
BINAC, the world’s first commercial, electronic, stored program, digital computer passed verification tests here, at 3747 Ridge Ave., on April 7, 1949. Customer acceptance of UNIVAC I, the world’s first open market, commercial computer, followed on . . . — Map (db m40918) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Commodore David Porter
One of the most heroic sons of Pennsylvania having long represented the country with fidelity as Minister resident at Constantinople. Died at that city in the patriotic discharge of his duty. March 30,1843. — Map (db m81797) WM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Commodore Isaac HullUnited States Naval Officer — 09 March 1773   –   13 February 1843
A defender of American freedom and pioneer of a new nation. He lifted the spirits of an entire nation by defeating the British on the high seas, while commanding USS Constitution “Old Ironsides” in battle with HMS Guerriere . . . — Map (db m40929) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Commodore John Barry1745 - 1803
Father of the American Navy — Map (db m9136) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — 1 — Commodore John Barry (1745 - 1803)First Flag Office of the United States Navy
Following the creation of the US Navy in 1794 under President Washington, Barry was appointed first commissioned officer and secretary. He oversaw construction of the nation's first fleet. He won numerous naval victories during the American . . . — Map (db m77081) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Commodore John Barry, U. S. N.
Father of the Navy of the United States Born in Wexford, Ireland 1745 Died in Philadelphia 1803 Presented to the City of Philadelphia by the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick 1907 — Map (db m8988) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Congregation of the Dead
On January 27, 1777, Deborah Norris wrote to her friend Sally Wister of a "shocking sight." Large pits are dug in the negroes burying ground (Washington Square), and forty or fifty (soldiers) coffins are put in the same hole. Throughout that winter, . . . — Map (db m9047) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Connie MackMr. Baseball — 1862 - 1956
Connie Mack managed the Philadelphia Athletics for 50 years, 1901-1950. His teams won nine American League pennants and five World Series. Mr. Mack never wore a uniform, preferring to manage in street clothes while holding a scorecard to signal his . . . — Map (db m82027) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Connie Mack(1862-1956)
"Grand Old Man of Baseball." He started as a catcher in New England, 1883. As manager of the Philadelphia Athletics, 1901-1950 -- a record fifty years -- he led the team to nine American League pennants, 1902-31, & five World Series championships, . . . — Map (db m82044) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Courage of the Scottish Immigrants

During the first hundred years of Scottish immigration to the Americas, Philadelphia was the largest city in the British colonies, and the second largest city in the British empire. As such, its booming port was a natural destination for . . . — Map (db m102341) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Cruiser Olympia - Submarine Becuna — Independence Seaport Museum
OLYMPIA Cruiser OLYMPIA, launched in 1892, is the oldest steel warship afloat today. OLYMPIA is best known as Commodore George Dewey’s flagship in the Battle of Manila Bay, Philippine Islands during the 1898 Spanish American War. After . . . — Map (db m19242) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Crystal Bird Fauset
The first Black woman elected to a state legislature in the U.S. Fauset, who lived here, won her seat in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, 1938. She later served as a Civil Defense race relations advisor under Franklin D. Roosevelt. — Map (db m82811) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Cyrus Bustill(1732-1806)
Born of white, Black and Native American descent, he bought his freedom and became a baker of bread for Revolutionary troops. A founder of the Free African Society, he later opened a school for Black children while living here. — Map (db m6423) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — David Bustill Bowser(1820-1900)
A self-taught Black artist, Bowser, who lived here, began his career as a landscape, sign emblem, and banner painter. He also painted portraits including several of Lincoln and one of abolitionist John Brown. — Map (db m82645) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — David Rittenhouse1732 - 1796
The eminent patriot, scientist and first director of the United States Mint was born at this site. This sundial commemorates his triumphs in the fields of astronomy and horology. Presented to the Friends of Historic RittenhouseTown by the National . . . — Map (db m69088) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — David Salisbury Franks(c. 1740 - 1793)
Distinguished Jewish officer and aide-de-camp to Gen. Benedict Arnold during the Revolutionary War. Thought to be complicit in Arnold's treason, Maj. Franks was later exonerated. A yellow fever victim, he was buried at Christ Church by a Christian . . . — Map (db m9321) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Death Carts

Clergymen Richard Allen and Absalom Jones organized their congregations and other free Africans who attended the sick and buried the dead during the raging yellow fever epidemic of 1793. Although misguided, the respected Dr. Benjamin Rush had . . . — Map (db m102308) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Declaration Chamber
Here the Continental Congress sat from the date it convened, May 10, 1775, until the close of the Revolution except when in 1776-7 it sat in Baltimore and in 1777-9 in Lancaster and York, due to the temporary occupation of Philadelphia by the . . . — Map (db m9269) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Declaration House(Graff House)
In 1776, while attending the Continental Congress, Thomas Jefferson rented two rooms from Jacob Graff, Jr., to avoid the "excessive heats of the city." Here, in Graff's house on the outskirts of town, Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. — Map (db m7643) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Declaration of Independence
This bronze sculpture replicates John Trumbull’s famous painting Declaration of Independence that is displayed in the Rotunda of the United States Capitol. It depicts the presentation of the draft of the Declaration of Independence to the . . . — Map (db m106148) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Declaration of Independence Signators
To the memory of five of its members James Wilson Thomas McKean George Ross John Witherspoon Philip Livingston who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 The St. Andrew’s Society of Philadelphia organized in 1747 . . . — Map (db m107633) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Delplaine House
This building erected by The Market Square Corporation, is a reconstruction of the Delplaine House which stood on this site from the Settlement until 1884 A.D. G. Whitefield preached from the Balcony overlooking the Square. Many Women and . . . — Map (db m46827) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Don Juan Bautista Bernabeu
Commander / of the Royal American Order / of Isabella, the Catholic / Assistant Quarter-Master of the Navy / and Consul General of Spain / in the U.S.A. / He was born in Alicante in MDCCLXXI / and died in Philadelphia / on September 3, A.D. 1834. — Map (db m9135) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Doretta A. McMunn
In Memoriam Doretta A. “FortLady” McMunn Executive Director of Fort Mifflin 1993 – 2001 In the hearts and minds of all who loved Dori, and remember her visionary leadership, patriotic fervor and unbridled passion for the . . . — Map (db m70141) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Dr. A.S.W. Rosenbach(1876-1952)
Among America's most influential rare book dealers, he helped build many of the nation's great libraries. He and his brother Philip established the Rosenbach Museum & Library to share their personal collection with the public. They lived on this . . . — Map (db m82815) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Dr. Mary Davis Ridgway(1823-1927)
A leader in the women's rights movement and a homeopathic physician and surgeon. She was founder of Providence General Hospital (chartered 1913), the principal officers of which were women. From 1914 to 1917 it served the community from nearby . . . — Map (db m71356) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Dutch Settlements on the Delaware
In commemoration of the Dutch settlements on the Delaware 1626-1664 The territory was occupied by the Dutch West India Company and known as New Netherland Extended from the Capes of the Delaware to the Connecticut River and Embraced within its . . . — Map (db m107327) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Eastern State Penitentiary
Original prison built 1822-1836 on a radial plan by John Haviland. Linking solitude with moral and vocational instruction, it exemplified the Pennsylvania System of penology and became a model for over 300 prisons worldwide. Closed 1971. — Map (db m82509) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Ebenezer Don Carlos Bassett(1833-1908)
Educator and diplomat. Bassett was principal, Institute for Colored Youth, 1857-69. He was U.S. minister to Haiti, 1869-77; appointed by President Grant, he was the first African-American to receive a diplomatic post. Here he lived his last years — Map (db m82492) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Ebenezer Maxwell Mansion
Community efforts in the 1950s and 60s preserved this Gothic and Second Empire style house, one of the earliest recognized for its Victorian period architecture. The surrounding Tulpehocken Station historic district was among the nation’s first . . . — Map (db m46820) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Eddie Gottlieb(1898-1979)
A founder of the Basketball Association of America in 1946, the forerunner to the NBA, Gottlieb was introduced to basketball as a student here in 1914. “The Mogul” coached the award-winning SPHAS from the 1920s to 1950s and became the . . . — Map (db m83535) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Eddie Lang
"Father of Jazz Guitar." He was born Salvatore Massaro in 1902 and lived in this area as a boy. An accomplished soloist, Lang worked with Joe Venuti, Paul Whiteman, the Dorseys, and others. He was Bing Crosby's accompanist when death cut short . . . — Map (db m81623) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Edmund N. Bacon(1910-2005)
Internationally known urban planner, his design concepts shaped Philadelphia's city landscape. As city planning director, 1949 to 1970, his legacy includes Penn Center, Market East, Society Hill, the Far Northeast, Yorktown, and LOVE Park here. — Map (db m83488) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Edward Drinker Cope
Internationally renowned vertebrate paleontologist and zoologist, Cope lived and worked here in his later years. He wrote many scientific papers describing hundreds of fossils & living animals and is famous for his long-standing feud with O.C. Marsh . . . — Map (db m82812) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield(1809-1876)
Greenfield, who lived here, was one of the 19th century's leading singers, known as the "Black Swan" because of her great vocal range. Her performances were hailed in the U.S. and in England where she sang before the Queen. — Map (db m82529) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Elliott Building

This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m102318) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Engine Company No. 11
One of 22 fire companies established under the Philadelphia Fire Department in 1871. In 1919, it became a segregated African American unit whose members distinguished themselves through professional service. Desegregated in 1952. — Map (db m82993) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — ENIAC
ENIAC, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, was invented by J. Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly. It was built here at the University of Pennsylvania in 1946. The invention of this first all-purpose digital computer signaled the birth . . . — Map (db m82475) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Enslaved Africans in the Household of George and Martha Washington
At various times during Washington's stay in Philadelphia, nine enslaved Africans were known to have lived and worked here at the President's House. They were dynamic participants in the daily life of the presidential household and the surrounding . . . — Map (db m8919) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Exiles for Conscience Sake
To the memory of the followers of Caspar von Schwenckfeld who fled from Silesia and found in Pennsylvania a haven of religious toleration They landed near this spot 1731-37 Erected by the Society of the Descendants of the Schwenkfeldian Exiles . . . — Map (db m34781) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Expert Fishers of Fort Mifflin
Three species of birds that depend entirely on wetland areas and frequently seen here at Fort Mifflin are the Great Egret, Great Blue Heron and Belted Kingfisher. Great Egret The population of Great Egrets suffered drastically during the 19th . . . — Map (db m70138) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Fairman’s MansionPenn Treaty Park
The natural beauty of the land along the Delaware River attracted William Penn to build his “Greene Countrie Towne” there. It also drew many influential people to settle there. In 1702 Thomas Fairman, Deputy Surveyor General to the . . . — Map (db m83436) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Fairmount Dam
The steam engine originally used to pump river water up to the Reservoir were dangerous and expensive to operate. Because of this, the Watering Committee decided to convert the Water Works to water power. The Fairmount Dam was built to achieve . . . — Map (db m67450) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Fairmount Water Works
Centerpiece of Philadelphia's water system, 1815-1909. The neoclassical buildings, designed by Frederick Graff and Frederic Graff, Jr., concealed huge machines that pumped Schuylkill River water to a reservoir above, whence it flowed to the city. . . . — Map (db m82618) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Fairmount Water Works
From 1815 to 1909 the Fairmount Water Works served Philadelphia by supplying drinking water from the Schuykill River to Reservoirs once located behind you. 1815: Engine House (1) contained wood burning steam engines that powered water . . . — Map (db m106528) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Father Divine
Rev. Major J. Divine, civil rights leader of the 1930s, established Cooperative Economic Plan, providing life's necessities at nominal prices. Divine Lorraine Hotel here, built 1894 and acquired in 1948, was one of the first integrated hotels of its . . . — Map (db m82528) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Fawcitt House Site
Delegates walking to Carpenters' Hall (to your left) for meetings of the First Continental Congress in 1774 passed an aging wood house at this site. The two-story house was built about 1706 for bodice-maker Nathan Fawcitt. The Fawcitt House, like . . . — Map (db m9658) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Federal Street Burial Ground
Congregation Mikveh Israel's second cemetery, founded 1849. Here are buried Abraham Hart the publisher; Alfred Mordecai, soldier and engineer; Dr. Sabato Morais rabbi and educator; Judge Mayer Sulzberger; and noted Civil War veterans.. — Map (db m81591) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Female Medical College of Pennsylvania
First degree-granting women's medical school in nation, founded 1850. Renamed (1867) Woman's Medical College of Pa. by Ann Preston, Dean. Coeducational, 1969. Became Medical College of Pa., 1970; Allegheny University of the Health Sciences, 1996 — Map (db m82987) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — First African Baptist Church
Founded 1809 as one of the first Black Baptist churches in America. Later two members sold themselves into slavery to free a slave to serve as pastor. Erected 1906, this building is located at a later site of the congregation. — Map (db m81916) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — First African Baptist Church Cemetery
Site of the cemetery that served this congregation from 1824 to 1842. Archaeological excavations in the 1980s provided links to ancient African burial customs. The remains were re-interred in Eden Cemetery, Delaware Co., Pa — Map (db m82832) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — First African Presbyterian Church
Founded 1807 by John Gloucester, a former slave who was instrumental in establishing Presbyterianism among African-Americans. First edifice was dedicated 1811 at 7th & Bainbridge Streets. Church has been at this location since 1957. — Map (db m82489) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — First Continental Congress
The distinctions between Virginians, Pennsylvanians, New yorkers, New Englanders are no more. I am not a Virginian but an American.—Patrick Henry, Carpenters' Hall, 1774 In 1774 the American colonies felt threatened. Their grievances . . . — Map (db m9656) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — First Mennonite Church in America
On this site was built in 1708 The First Mennonite Church in America. The British General Agnew was killed nearby during the Battle of Germantown. The Site and Relic Society of Germantown     1904Map (db m89307) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — First Protest against Slavery
Here in 1688, at the home of Tunes Kunders, an eloquent protest was written by a group of German Quakers. Signed by Pastorius and three others, it preceded by 92 years Pennsylvania’s passage of the nation’s first abolition law. — Map (db m46804) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — First Republican National Convention
In the Musical Fund Hall here in June 1856, John C. Fremont was nominated for President of the U.S. He lost the election to James Buchanan. Formed in 1854, the Republican Party opposed the extension of slavery; Lincoln was its first nominee elected . . . — Map (db m81986) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — First United States Mint
On this site stood The first United States Mint First public building authorized by the United States Government This plaque dedicated for the Bicentennial of the U.S. Mint 1792-1992 First Mint: 1792-1833 7th Street between Market & Arch . . . — Map (db m24441) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Forbidden Drive1869
Welcome to Wissahickon Valley Park and Forbidden DriveMany rough mill roads once ran through this valley. But as traffic increased, people needed a better road. In the early 1850s, work began on a turnpike to ease travel between the mills and . . . — Map (db m69097) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Fort Mifflin
Laid out in 1771 by the engineer John Montrésor. Heroically held by the Americans under British siege until they were forced out, Nov. 15, 1777. Rebuilt 1798-1800 according to L’Enfant’s design and enlarged in the 19th century. A U.S. military post . . . — Map (db m12378) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Fort Mifflin (Mud Fort) on Mud Island1772
Report from the Fort (during construction) 25 September 1794 . Pierre Charles L’Enfant, Engineer to Henry Knox, Secretary of War A place destitute of every comfort for the hands [workmen]; lay open to all accidents of the season . . . — Map (db m12454) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Frances E.W. Harper(1825-1911)
An author, lecturer, and social activist. Harper lived here and devoted her life to championing the rights of slaves and free Blacks. She advocated education as a way of advancement for Black Americans. — Map (db m81656) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Francis Hopkinson(Grave)
Signer of the Declaration of Independence September 21, 1737 May 9, 1791 Patriot~Jurist~Essayist~Churchman Member of the Continental Congress of 1776 Provincial Councilor of New Jersey Signer of the Declaration Chairman of the Continental Navy . . . — Map (db m98734) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Francis Johnson(1792-1844)
"America's first native-born master of music" lived here. A prolific African-American composer. Trumpeter of 1st Troop, City Cavalry. Bandmaster, 128th Regiment, Pa. Volunteer Infantry. He was a major force in early American music; traveled widely. — Map (db m82901) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Francisco De Miranda
1977 Lorenzo Gonzalez Even on a windless day the cape swirls around this hero of three revolutionary wars. As a young man, Francisco de Miranda (1750-1816) commanded Spanish forces in support of the American Revolution. Later the native . . . — Map (db m106566) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Frank Furness(1839-1912)
A nationally influential architect, his forceful designs and bold use of industrial materials helped shape American modernism. His works include the Pa. Academy of Fine Arts and U. of Penn Library. Apprentice to Richard Morris Hunt and mentor to . . . — Map (db m83500) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Frank Gasparro(1909-2001)
Designer of the reverse side of the Lincoln Penny and, with Gilroy Roberts, the Kennedy half-dollar. Born and educated in classical art in Philadelphia, Gasparro was first employed as a junior engraver by the U.S. Mint in 1942. By 1965 he was . . . — Map (db m81640) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Frank N. Piasecki(1919-2008)
Aviation pioneer Piasecki developed and flew the 2nd helicopter in the US and the world’s 1st tandem rotor helicopter, initiating the 1st practical use of rotorcraft in the 1940s. His original company, started here, now a division of Boeing, is a . . . — Map (db m82522) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Franklin Court
I am got into my niche, after being kept out of it 24 years by foreign employments. 'Tis a very good house that I built so very long ago to retire into . . . . Signature - Benj Franklin 1786 By building his home here, Benjamin Franklin not . . . — Map (db m9536) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Franklin Privy Pit
This brick-lined, circular "necessary" (privy) pit was probably built when Franklin expanded his house in 1786-87

A stone drain connecting to a vertical brick pipe conveyed waste into the pit either from Franklin's "water closet", "bathing room" . . . — Map (db m79214) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Franklin's Neighborhood
While in his teens, Franklin arrived in Philadelphia from Boston and walked up Market Street past a block of shops owned by tailors, saddle-makers, joiners, wig-makers, inn-keepers and printers.

Eventually he built his home in this very . . . — Map (db m79213) HM

Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Fraunces Tavern
Here stood Fraunces Tavern, established by Samuel Fraunces after moving from New York where he had operated a famous tavern. He served as George Washington’s chief cook, 1790–94, while the President lived in Philadelphia. — Map (db m31198) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Frederick Douglass Memorial Hospital
Opened in 1895 as the first hospital for Blacks in this city, this facility trained and employed Black medical professionals who were excluded from other hospitals. In 1948, it merged to form Mercy-Douglass Hospital. — Map (db m82576) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Free African Society
Established in 1787 under the leadership of Richard Allen and Absalom Jones, this organization fostered identity, leadership, and unity among Blacks and became the forerunner of the first Afican-American churches in this city. — Map (db m8920) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Freedom is a LightFor Which Many Men Have Died in Darkness
In unmarked graves within this square lie thousands of unknown soldiers of Washington’s Army who died of wounds and sickness during the Revolutionary War. “The independence and liberty you possess are the work of joint councils and joint . . . — Map (db m9051) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Freedom Now Rally
On August 3, 1965, Dr. Martin Luther King addressed a crowd of 10,000 at this intersection. His “Freedom Now” tour to Philadelphia, Chicago, Cleveland, and Boston was in gratitude for support given to his Southern Christian Leadership . . . — Map (db m82485) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Freedom Theatre
Formerly the home of actor Edwin Forrest, later Philadelphia School of Design for Women. Became Heritage House, then in 1968, Freedom Theatre, a community-based Black theater for professional instruction in the theatrical arts — Map (db m82499) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Friends Meeting
This meetinghouse was erected in 1804. It is used for weekly, Monthly, Quarterly, and Yearly meetings of Friends. The ground was first used for burial purposes under patent issued by William Penn in 1701. — Map (db m9326) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Friends Select SchoolParkway Museums District
Friends Select School provides a strong, academic education to elementary and secondary school-aged children. Overseen by two Meetings of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), the school traces its roots to the founding of the nation’s . . . — Map (db m107000) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — From Marsh to Solid Ground
In 1771 the British army built Fort Mifflin on the southern tip of marshy Mud Island. The process of draining the island began with this construction. Over the next century the waterways between Mud and the other islands were gradually filled in by . . . — Map (db m65265) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — From Reservoir to Art Museum
This hill, called “Faire Mount”, once held a reservoir that fed Schuykill River water down through hollow logs to Philadelphia’s homes and hydrants. But years of pollution from coal mines, dairy farms and towns upstream made the water . . . — Map (db m106496) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Gay Rights DemonstrationsJuly 4, 1965-1969
Annual public demonstrations for gay and lesbian equality were held at Independence Hall. These peaceful protests and New York's Stonewall riots in 1969 & Pride Parade in 1970 transformed a small national campaign into a civil rights movement. — Map (db m24889) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — 114 — General George McClellan/Major General John Fulton Reynolds
General George McClellan 1891 Henry Jackson Ellicott (1847-1901) Major General John Fulton Reynolds 1884 John Rogers (1829-1904) In the Civil War, Philadelphia-born George McClellan trained the eastern Union army and led . . . — Map (db m107273) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — General Hugh Mercer
General Hugh Mercer a native of Scotland; as assistant surgeon in the Battle of Culloden; The companion of Washington in the Indian Wars of 1755 – 56; He received a medal from the Corporation of Philadelphia for courage and conduct in . . . — Map (db m40967) HM

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