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Prince Edward County Virginia Historical Markers

 
Nottoway County Marker (reverse) image, Touch for more information
By Bernard Fisher, May 18, 2010
Nottoway County Marker (reverse)
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Burkeville — Z-54 — Prince Edward County / Nottoway County
(Obverse) Prince Edward County Area 356 square miles Formed in 1753 from Amelia, and named for Prince Edward, son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and younger brother of King George III. General Joseph E. Johnston was born in this . . . — Map (db m31041) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Burkeville — M-23 — Prince Edward State Park for Negroes
Prince Edward State Park for Negroes was established in 1950 one mile west on the site of the former Prince Edward Lake Recreation Area for Negroes. Maceo C. Martin, an African American from Danville, sued the state when he was denied access to . . . — Map (db m31040) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Darlington Heights — M-27 — Vernon Johns
Rev. Dr. Vernon Johns was born here in Darlington Heights on 22 April 1892. A graduate of Oberlin College, Johns was an orator of great renown and the first African-American minister included in Best Sermons of the Year (1926), an . . . — Map (db m54440) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — About Hampden-Sydney College
You are standing near the site of the original campus of Hampden-Sydney College, which stood on the knoll to your right (see artist reconstruction above). Hampden-Sydney began classes on November 10, 1775, the last college founded in Colonial . . . — Map (db m54486) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — African-Americans at High BridgeHigh Bridge Trail State Park
Engineer Department Activities The High Bridge fortifications were built, in part, with the help of area free men of color who were conscripted for Confederate service. The Confederate Congress authorized the draft of free men of color to . . . — Map (db m83638) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — 27 — Beulah AME ChurchFarmville, Virginia — Prince Edward County
Beulah African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church was founded in 1868. Originally, it was known as The Colored Methodist Church of Farmville. The original wooden-framed building was destroyed, by fire in 1898. The cornerstone on the present . . . — Map (db m31318) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — Camp ParadiseHigh Bridge Trail State Park
Veteran, war-worn, French speaking "chic creoles" of the Donaldsonville Artillery detachment of 43 Louisiana Creole Canonniers received orders to guard High Bridge by the Lynchburg Confederate Military District Commander Francis T. Nicholls, a . . . — Map (db m83637) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — F-72 — Campaign of 1781
In 1781, British Gen. Charles Cornwallis ordered cavalry commander Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton to raid Southside Virginia to seize or destroy private and public supplies of ammunition, clothing, and food. On 9 July, Tarleton left Cobham in Surry . . . — Map (db m31340) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — Confederate Veterans Monument
1861 Virginia 1865 Defenders of State "Sovereignty". Confederate Heroes Erected by Confederate Veterans and the Daughters of the Confederacy Oct. 11, 1900. List of companies organized In the county 1861. Company F 18th. . . . — Map (db m31311) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — Dr. William W. H. Thackston1820-1899
On this site was the home of Dr. William W. H. Thackston 1820-1899 A distinguished pioneer dentist who practiced his profession in Farmville for more than fifty-five years A founder of The Virginia Society of Surgeon . . . — Map (db m31317) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — FarmvilleLee’s Retreat — April 7, 1865
The Confederate army marched through this tobacco town, followed by the Union army. Lee hoped to issue rations to his men here before turning south but was forced to flee across the Appomattox River. Grant sent his first dispatch to Lee concerning . . . — Map (db m11855) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — FarmvilleBrief Respite — Lee’s Retreat
Half-starved and exhausted, the vanguard of the Army of Northern Virginia stumbled into Farmville early on the morning of April 7, 1865. Here, at last, the men found long-promised rations – everything from bread to soup and ham. While the head . . . — Map (db m11858) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — 25 — Farmville Female Seminary AssociationFarmville, Virginia — Prince Edward County
Founded on March 5, 1839 as the Farmville Female Seminary Association, Longwood is one of the oldest colleges originally for women in the country. In 1842 the cornerstone was laid for the first true college building, which is today known as . . . — Map (db m31316) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — 26 — First Baptist ChurchFarmville, Virginia — Prince Edward County
The First Baptist Church was organized in 1866 as an outgrowth of the predominantly white Farmville Baptist Church. In 1949, following the death of the Rev. C. H. Griffin, the Church voted unanimously to call his son, L. Francis Griffin, as . . . — Map (db m31310) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — I-14 — Four Sororities Founded
Longwood College, formerly known as the State Female Normal School, is the only U.S. school where four national sororities were founded. Kappa Delta, founded on 23 Oct. 1897, was the first sorority organized in Virginia. The sorority with the . . . — Map (db m31313) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — I 14-a — Free Blacks of Israel Hill
Just to the west lies Israel Hill, settled in 1810-1811 by approximately ninety formerly enslaved persons who received freedom and 350 acres from Judith Randolph under the will of her husband, Richard Randolph, cousin of Thomas Jefferson. These . . . — Map (db m28041) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — French's Church
An Episcopal church, built in 1757, formerly stood one-eighth of a mile east of here. According to tradition, a detachment of Rochambeau's army wintered here after the Battle of Yorktown, and seventy French soldiers were buried in the church yard. . . . — Map (db m31333) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — 9 — Hampden-SydneyA new college for a new republic.
When Samuel Stanhope Smith, our first president, named the College after English anti-Royalists, he clearly agreed with Patrick Henry’s revolutionary vision. Thus it was logical that Henry should be elected a Founding Trustee in November 1775, . . . — Map (db m54480) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — 28 — Hampden-Sydney CollegeHampden-Sydney, Virginia — Prince Edward County
Hampden-Sydney College, in continuous operation since November 10, 1775, was established “to form good men and good citizens.” One of the few remaining all-male colleges, it was named for John Hampden (1594-1643) and Algernon Sydney . . . — Map (db m31324) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — I-9 — Hampden-Sydney College
Hampden-Sydney College, in continuous operation since 10 Nov. 1775, was established "to form good men and good Citizens." It was named for John Hampden (1594-1643) and Algernon Sydney (1622-1683), champions of parliamentary rule in England. Patrick . . . — Map (db m31334) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — F-65 — History of Worsham
This site served as the county seat when Prince Edward County was founded in 1754. The original courthouse constructed soon thereafter was replaced in 1776. The last courthouse here was built in 1832. The former debtors' prison built in 1787 and the . . . — Map (db m31342) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — F-70 — Kingsville
Here, before the Revolution, stood King's Tavern. The British cavalryman, Tarleton, raiding, camped here in 1781. In the same year sick and wounded French soldiers were brought to this place from Yorktown; seventy of them are buried here. Nearby is . . . — Map (db m31332) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — Longwood
Property acquired 1765 by Peter Johnston. Home of Peter Johnston, Jr., Lieutenant in Lee's Legion and judge of Circuit Court of Virginia. Birthplace of General Joseph E. Johnston. Purchased 1811 by Abraham B. Venable, U.S. senator; organizer . . . — Map (db m31301) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — I-15 — Longwood College
The college opened here in October 1884 as a "state female normal school". In 1914 the name was changed to "State Normal School for Women at Farmville"; In 1924 to "State Teachers College at Farmville"; In 1949 to "Longwood College". Conferring the . . . — Map (db m29162) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — M-33 — Longwood Estate
Peter Johnston (1763-1831)--jurist, Speaker of the House of Delegates (1805-1807), and father of Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston--inherited Longwood estate from his father. He sold the property after he became a judge on the General Court of . . . — Map (db m31290) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — I 15-a — Longwood University
Longwood University is a state-supported institution developed from the privately owned Farmville Female Seminary that was incorporated in 1839. In 1884, it became a public institution when the Commonwealth acquired the property and renamed it the . . . — Map (db m29164) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — Main Street - Mayor J. David Crute - EACO TheatreHistoric Farmville
(Main Street Side): Once named Bizarre in 1736, Farmville was established as a town in 1798. From the town's formation, tobacco was a major factor in its prosperity. The numerous warehouses along the Main Street corridor represent Farmville's . . . — Map (db m31352) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — I-19 — Presbyterian Seminary
The first Presbyterian seminary in the South was established here in 1812 as the Theology Department of Hampden-Sydney College. It became independent of the college in 1822. After the synods of Virginia and North Carolina assumed joint ownership in . . . — Map (db m31335) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — 23 — Prince Edward County Public SchoolsFarmville, Virginia — Prince Edward County
In 1954, after the Supreme Court ruled in Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka, that United States schools must integrate, Senator Harry S. Byrd and several Virginia governors followed the policy of “massive resistance.” . . . — Map (db m31321) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — F-71 — Providence
Two miles east is the Glebe House where the Rev. Archibald McRoberts lived during the Revolution. Tarleton, raiding through this section in July, 1781, set fire to the house, but a timely rain put out the flames. Accordingly, the place was named . . . — Map (db m31339) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — 24 — R. R. Moton High SchoolFarmville, Virginia — Prince Edward County
On this site of the former R.R. Moton High School, the actions of some brave African-American students to achieve equal educational opportunities for blacks eventually led to the end of legal segregation in American public schools. Moton . . . — Map (db m31319) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — F-69 — Randolph-Macon Medical School
Just to the west was the medical school of John Peter Mettauer, which became a branch of Randolph-Macon College in 1847. It was discontinued, probably in 1861. Dr. Mettauer, one of the leading surgeons of the day, practiced until his death in 1875. — Map (db m19805) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — M-1 — Robert Russa Moton High School
On this site 4-23-51, the students staged a strike protesting inadequate school facilities. Led by Rev. L. Francis Griffin, these students' actions became a part of the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education decision, which ruled . . . — Map (db m31320) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — Site of the Randolph House
Here stood the hotel where General U.S. Grant made his headquarters April 7, 1865, and opened correspondence with General R.E. Lee which terminated in the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House two days later. From the . . . — Map (db m30252) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — F-66 — Slate Hill Plantation
To the west is the estate of Nathaniel Venable (1733-1804), Slate Hill Plantation. He was a prominent citizen of Prince Edward County, serving in the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1766 to 1768. During the Revolutionary War, he was a member of the . . . — Map (db m31343) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — The Birthplace
In 1775, the Session of Hanover Presbytery met in this building, the law office of Nathaniel Venable, to lay final plans for the establishment of Hampden-Sydney College. The building was erected between 1737 and 1756 on Venable’s Plantation, . . . — Map (db m31338) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — The High BridgeHigh Bridge Trail State Park
“There have been higher bridges not so long and longer bridges not so high, but taking the height and length together, this is, perhaps, the largest bridge in the world.” -C.O. Sanford, South Side Railroad’s chief engineer,1852 In . . . — Map (db m83636) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Green Bay — M-35 — Blanche Kelso Bruce
Blanche Kelso Bruce, African American political leader, was born into slavery south of here on 1 Mar. 1841. He grew up in Virginia, Mississippi, and Missouri before escaping slavery during the Civil War. In 1869 Bruce moved back to Mississippi and . . . — Map (db m41699) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Green Bay — M-29 — CCC Company 1390Camp Gallion
A short distance west is the site of Camp Gallion, home from 1933 to 1941 of Civilian Conservation Corps Company 1390. This all-African American company performed extensive work in the present-day Prince Edward-Gallion State Forest. Company 1390 . . . — Map (db m31039) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Green Bay — M-34 — Sharon Baptist Church
On this site prior to 1745 the Church of England’s Raleigh Parish established Sandy River Chapel. Construction was completed on a new wooden church by 1765, some of which is believed to survive within the present building. In 1782 . . . — Map (db m107527) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Meherrin — Meherrin Station“Wrapt in Smoke” — Wilson-Kautz Raid
In June 1864, to deny Gen. Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side R.R. and the Richmond and Danville R.R., Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent Gen. James H. Wilson and Gen. August V. Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destroy track and rolling . . . — Map (db m19257) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Prospect — High Bridge Trail State ParkElam Crossing
To the five who lost their lives on March 13, 1951, "...we feel joy that those precious and so dear were allowed to stop by here, even so briefly..." G.L. Brooks, "Gone But Not Forgotten," 2009 On March 13, 1951, five African American children from . . . — Map (db m31781) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Prospect — M-30 — Sulphur Spring Baptist Church
According to local tradition, the Sulphur Spring Baptist Church was founded in 1867, when services were held in a brush arbor. During the Reconstruction period, formerly enslaved African Americans formed congregations throughout the South similar to . . . — Map (db m54442) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — M-32 — Action at High Bridge
During the night of 6-7 April 1865, part of Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia crossed the South Side Railroad's High Bridge three miles north of here as Union armies under Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant pursued closely. After the last . . . — Map (db m31288) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Battle of Sailors Creek
(Front):Battles of Sailors Creek April 6, 1865 "My God! Has the army been dissolved?" General R. E. Lee Hillsman's Farm US 442 CS 3400 Marshall's Crossroads US 172 CS 2600 Lockett's Farm (Double Bridges) US 536 CS 1700 Totals include . . . — Map (db m11798) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — M-25 — Battle of Sailor's Creek
Six miles north took place the battle of Sailor's Creek, April 6, 1865. Lee's army, retreating westward from Amelia Courthouse to Farmville by way of Deatonsville, was attacked by Sheridan, who surrounded Ewell's Corps. After a fierce action the . . . — Map (db m31287) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Cavalry Battle at High BridgeLee’s Retreat — April 6, 1865
About 900 Union infantry and cavalry were sent from Burkeville to burn this South Side Railroad trestle over the Appomattox River. Pursued by Confederate cavalry in the engagement which followed nearby, their bridge-burning mission failed and most . . . — Map (db m11819) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Cavalry Battle at High BridgeUnion Opportunity Lost — Lee’s Retreat
Just northeast of here, on the afternoon of April 6, 1865, a Union detachment tried and failed to burn High Bridge – where the South Side Railroad crossed the Appomattox River – and restrict the Confederate retreat to the south side of . . . — Map (db m11820) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Double BridgesLee’s Retreat — April 6, 1865
In this ground, the Confederate column and wagon train became bogged down while crossing Sailor’s Creek. The Union forces in pursuit then assailed the Southerners and captured a large number of prisoners and wagons before darkness put an end to the . . . — Map (db m11808) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Double BridgesWagon Train Bogged Down — Lee's Retreat
Late in the afternoon of April 6, 1865, the Confederate wagon train that had passed Holt’s Corner and then turned south at James S. Lockett’s farm toward Rice’s Station began crossing the two bridges here, across Little Sailor’s Creek and Big . . . — Map (db m117559) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Ewell’s Line of DefenseThe Confederates Dig In
On Thursday, April 6, 1865, this high ground above Little Sailor’s Creek was protected by troops from the Richmond fortifications under Confederate General Richard S. Ewell. They hurriedly threw up a line of breastworks consisting of fence rails and . . . — Map (db m11793) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — F-73 — High Bridge
One mile north stood the Southside Railroad Bridge, spanning the 75-foot-wide Appomattox River. On 6 April, 1865, nine hundred Union soldiers attempting to burn the 2500-foot-long, 126-foot-high structure were captured by Confederate cavalry. . . . — Map (db m10221) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — M-24 — Lee's Retreat
Two miles north are the battlefields of Sailor's Creek, April 6, 1865. There Grant captured more men than were captured in any other one day's field engagement of the war. — Map (db m10222) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Lockett HouseBattle of Sailor’s Creek — Lee’s Retreat
Here, around the home of James S. Lockett, desperate fighting occurred near sundown on April 6, 1865, when the Union corps commanded by Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys almost overwhelmed Gen. John B. Gordon’s Confederate corps. The house, just across the . . . — Map (db m11804) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Lockett HouseLee’s Retreat — April 6, 1865
While Confederate troops were attempting to cross Sailor’s Creek on the bridges below, the fighting between the two forces began here and continued into the bottomlands. After the battle, James Lockett’s bullet-ridden house was then pressed into . . . — Map (db m11805) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Marshall’s CrossroadsLee’s Retreat — April 6, 1865
Union cavalry found Confederate infantry posted here along the road to Rice’s Depot. While others fought along Little Sailor’s Creek at Hillsman’s farm, the horse soldiers attacked this portion of Lee’s army which eventually withdrew from the field . . . — Map (db m11794) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Z-285 — Prince Edward County / Nottoway County
(Front): Prince Edward County Area 356 Square Miles Formed from Amelia, and named for Prince Edward, son of Frederick, prince of Wales, and younger brother of King George III. General Joseph E. Johnston was born in this county; . . . — Map (db m10223) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Rice’s DepotLee’s Retreat — April 6, 1865
Confederate troops began entrenching on the high ground across the road from Burkesville Junction. Upon the approach of the Union army, the forces skirmished briefly until darkness ended the fighting. General Lee headquartered here before his march . . . — Map (db m11814) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Rice’s DepotRetreat and Pursuit — Lee’s Retreat
Gen. James Longstreet’s corps, leading the Confederate retreat westward, reached Rice’s Depot along the South Side Railroad and entrenched on April 6, 1865, while the Battle of Sailor’s Creek raged to the east. Here Longstreet guarded the road from . . . — Map (db m11829) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — Sailor’s Creek
Here Lee fought his last battle, April 6, 1865. Ewell almost won a great vic- tory but was overwhelmed by Sheridan. Nottoway Chapter U.D.C. 1928Map (db m11806) HM

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