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Richmond Virginia Historical Markers

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Belle Isle Hydro Plant image, Touch for more information
By Bernard Fisher, March 31, 2013
Belle Isle Hydro Plant
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Belle Isle Hydro Plant
In front of you are the remains of a hydroelectric power plant. It powered the trolley system on the south of the river and the steel company at the east end of the island. To your left and up are the remains of the Transformer . . . — Map (db m64046) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Belle Isle Prison Camp Monument
During the Civil War over 1,000 Union soldiers perished in the 6 acre prison site before you. Of those who survived, in bothe Northern and Southern camps, many were exchanged in such wretched condition that they were often unfit to return to duty. . . . — Map (db m64035) HM WM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Belle Isle Rolling Milling and Slitting ManufactoryApprox. 1815-1900
Through the arched doorway mules pulled carts of scrap iron from England. Water powered the machinery. European immigrants and black slaves provided the labor. The nails, wire and horseshoes were famous throughput the South. Sign donated by . . . — Map (db m64045) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Cannon over the Camp
The Belle Isle prisoner-of-war camp that stood before you here was a prison without walls. Federal soldiers were confined by the James River and by the low earthen "dead line," such as the one replicated in front of you, surrounding the camp. About . . . — Map (db m64041) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Canons and Corpses
Big guns on the hill deterred riots - in the over crowded prison encampment to your left. Few escaped, most died of starvation, dysentery, and disease. In total about 1,000 perished. The cemetery, now empty, was to your right where trees grow today. — Map (db m13994) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Civil War POW Camp
You are looking at the nationally significant site of the notorious Belle Isle prisoner-of-war camp where during the Civil War thousands of captured U.S. soldiers were confined. After the war began in 1861, military prisoners jammed Richmond’s . . . — Map (db m64034) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — First Break Rapids
In 1969 Hurricane Camille punched a hole in this dam that once funneled water to power plants on Belle Isle and below Hollywood Cemetery. It's now a popular boating site. Notice how a small current on the far side goes back upstream offering an . . . — Map (db m64050) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Gun Emplacement
To large pits on top of this hill were intended for cannons to guard this prison island from northern attack. Rapids actually protected the island, there was never an attack, and no guns were ever installed. Sign funded by: Blue Ridge Mt. . . . — Map (db m64049) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Harnessing the River
You are walking across the top of the remains of an adjustable dam constructed by the Virginia Electric Power Company in 1901 to divert water into the Haxall Canal. The canal powered large water-driven machines under the 12th Street Power . . . — Map (db m128031) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Headgate
The river brings logs and debris with every flood, but clear water is needed to push the turbine blades that turn electric generators. Logs were floated away through the gate in the dam straight ahead. (Look under the wheel.) Small debris was caught . . . — Map (db m64047) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Headgate Cleaner
Water leading to the power plant was kept clean by passing it through slats in the headgate called trash racks. Bits of wood can wear away the edges of turbine blades and make them unbalanced. Repair was complicated and expensive. This . . . — Map (db m64048) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Historic Belle IsleJames River Park System
Early History Belle Isle, at 54 acres, is the largest island in the James River at Richmond, and also one of the most historic sites in the city. Virginia’s native tribes, including the Powhatans, fished in the river here for thousands of . . . — Map (db m64038) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Historic Belle Isle
In front of you is Belle Isle. At 54 acres, it is the largest island in the James River at Richmond, and one of the most historic sites in the city. Virginia Indians fished in the river here long before the English arrived, Captain John Smith was . . . — Map (db m64056) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Hollywood Rapids
The rapids to your left are named for the cemetery on the hill straight ahead. The granite rocks that cause them are part of a geological scar that stretches 1000 miles from New Jersey to Georgia. It resulted from the clash of the continents . . . — Map (db m64053) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Ironworks Oil House
This stone storage shed was built to hold flammable lubricants and dangerous acids. The hand-cut stone likely was quarried here on Belle Isle. The shed served the Old Dominion Iron and Nail Company, which expanded from this area eastward, behind . . . — Map (db m64043) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — 9 — Mayo's BridgeRichmond Slave Trail
“The Union soldiers would put out the fires and push into the city within hours of the Confederates passing over the bridges. Among the first Union soldiers to put down their muskets and pick up fire hoses and axes would be several regiments . . . — Map (db m41840) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Native American Fishing
In April and May, the Falls of the James is the richest source of food available. 400 years ago, Native American men would wade with nets and spears among the rocks and rapids to catch migrating shad, herring and striped bass. Enormous . . . — Map (db m64054) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Old Dominion Iron & Steel CompanyThe Chrysler Building
The tall design, thick "I" beams and a mix of different sized pieces mark this as one of the first factory buildings constructed by the ODIS -- probably in the early 1900's. OIDS was famous for is advanced metallurgy and fine casting important in . . . — Map (db m64044) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Quarry Equipment
Winches mounted here hauled rough granite out of the quarry pit and down to the rail connection at the ast end of the island. Steam from boilers powered the drills. The use of concrete here foretells the end of the cut stone industry -- between . . . — Map (db m64052) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — Quarry Pond
Granite blocks were cut and winched up from the 19 foot deep quarry pit. Workers, mostly black prisoners, hit 2 cracks that led to the river. Water entered continually and the site was abandoned. Sunfish now live in the shallows, catfish at the . . . — Map (db m64051) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — The Falls of the James
You are standing over the Historic Falls of the James, an approximately 7-mile stretch where the river drops 105 feet in elevation as it crosses the fall line in downtown Richmond. The “fall Line” is a geologic term for an imaginary . . . — Map (db m128030) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Belle and Mayo Islands — The Power of Moving WaterEverything before you has been shaped by the River.
The ancient river bank is the top of the hill before you. Floodwaters have slowly carved out the valley of the James. The Hollywood Cemetery is now 80 feet above the River. The rocks in front of you have a dome-topped, curvy, . . . — Map (db m64042) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Byrd Park Court Historic District — SA-53 — The Carillon
The Carillon, Virginia's War Memorial for World War I, was erected by the Commonwealth of Virginia to commemorate those who served. Designed by noted Boston architect Ralph Adams Cram, it is an interpretation of the Italian campanile in . . . — Map (db m22492) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Byrd Park Court Historic District — WCTU of Richmond Fountain
This fountain Is erected by the Womans Christian Temperance Union Of Richmond City and Henrico County And their friends in memory of the Crusaders of Hillsboro, Ohio who Went out December 19, 1873 with the Weapons of prayer and faith . . . — Map (db m43871) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Byrd Park Court Historic District — SA-110 — Wilfred Emory Cutshaw(1838–1907)
Wilfred Cutshaw graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1858 and served as a lieutenant colonel of artillery in the Confederate army. As Richmond’s city engineer (1873–1907), he instituted an innovative system of civic planning . . . — Map (db m108007) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Carillon — "For God And Country"1917 — 1918
In honor of the men and women of the City of Richmond, Virginia, who gave their lives in The World War for the principles of justice, freedom and democracy. Erected by their comrades of the five Richmond posts of the . . . — Map (db m90097) WM
Virginia (Richmond), Carillon — Breaking Stones with Feathers
The wall of granite ahead is the remnant of a small quarry. Granite from this site may have been used in the construction of the canal locks or canal arch in this park.
Quarrying was a major industry in Richmond during . . . — Map (db m133708) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Carillon — Byrd Park Pump House
The large granite building is what remains of the second oldest water pumping station in Richmond. It was built in 1882 and provided drinking water for the City of Richmond for over forty years. Nine pumps on the first floor drew . . . — Map (db m133703) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Carillon — Mule-Fueled Waterway
The granite basin at your feet is a canal lock, a way to link high bodies of water to low ones. There are two locks in this park. They were built around 1830 by black slaves, Irish immigrants and Italian stone masons and are part of the . . . — Map (db m133705) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Carillon — Pumps and Parties
This sturdy granite Pump House looks like a church on the outside and a castle on the inside. It was designed by City Engineer and Civil War Veteran Colonel W. Cutshaw. The long vertical lines and sharply arched "lancet" windows show that . . . — Map (db m133706) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Carillon — Richmond at the Falls
A maze of rocks, rapids, channels and islands stretches along the James River between the 14th Street Bridge (3 miles to your left) and the Edward Wiley Memorial Bridge (4 miles to your right).
It is called the Fall Line . . . — Map (db m133702) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Carillon — Water Water Everywhere
From this point you can see the remains of three different canals. Two of these canals were for transportation. One was for drinking water. Look to your right: The flat, slow channel is the water supply for the Byrd Park Pump . . . — Map (db m133707) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Chamberlayne Industrial Center — E-1 — Bacon’s Quarter
Nathaniel Bacon (1647–1676), leader of Bacon’s Rebellion, acquired land in 1674 at Curles Neck in Henrico County and property near the falls on the north side of the James River that became known as Bacon’s Quarter in what is now present-day . . . — Map (db m1895) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Chamberlayne Industrial Center — Virginia Union University
The result of the merging on this site in 1899 of two institutions founded by the American Baptist Home Mission Society as follows: 1865 - Richmond Theological School for Freemen 1865 - Wayland Seminary, Washington, D.C. 1932 - Hartshorn . . . — Map (db m77406) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — "Richmond"
William Byrd II of Westover, owner of the land around the falls of the James River, wrote in his diary on September 19, 1733: …we laid the foundations of two large Citys. One at Shacco’s, to be called Richmond and the other at the point of . . . — Map (db m16145) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 208 North 28thc. 1905 — Historic Richmond Foundation —
David C. Kennedy was among the first residents of this Queen Anne home, built in 1905. Kennedy was the manager at hardware company Baldwin and Brown before becoming President of hardware company Kennedy Brothers and Kelham Inc. The business was . . . — Map (db m149670) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 210 N. 28th Streetc. 1905 — Historic Richmond Foundation —
This brick Queen Anne double house was built in 1905. It features a bow projection topped by a domical turret. The well-preserved colored rosettes in the slate roof and the octagonal turret are also duplicated at #208. The first resident was Frank . . . — Map (db m149669) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2200 E. Broad St.c. 1822 — Historic Richmond —
Construction began on the western end of this building in 1822. It front facade has since been altered due to lowering of the street level. This Federal style building has a distinctive history. After it was built by a carpenter, john Quarles, his . . . — Map (db m149673) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2205 East Broad StreetHistoric Richmond — The Church Hill Association —
This Italianate style house was constructed in 1892 and Stephen Gaylord, manager of Pioneer Beef and Provisions Company, was its first occupant. Prominent features of this home include an eloquent wooden porch, segmental arched windows, and . . . — Map (db m149674) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2209 East Broad Street - Miles Turpin Housec. 1861 — Historic Richmond Foundation —
Commissioned in 1861, this Greek Revival was not completed until after the Civil War. Turpin owned with William Yarbrough the Turpin and Yarbrough Tobacco Co. located at 25th & Franklin which also served as the Second Alabama Hospital during the . . . — Map (db m149676) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2215 E. Broad Streetc. 1861 — Historic Richmond Foundation —
Built in 1861 for William Yarbrough, one of Richmond's leading tobacconists, whose factory still stands at the SW corner of 25th and Franklin Streets. A classic example of the Late Greek Revival style with Italianate touches, it is credited to . . . — Map (db m149677) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2307 E. Broad Streetc. 1818
Part of Carrington Row, this row house was built in 1818 by the sons of Ann Adams Carrington. The architecture was inspired by the work of Benjamin Henry Latrobe and Robert Mills. The home was designed by builder-architect Otis Mason. It is the . . . — Map (db m67425) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2510 E. Franklin Streetc. 1877 — Historic Richmond —
This three-bay brick Italianate townhouse was built no later than 1877 by a speculative builder It features a one-story porch with simple posts. The diminutive front yard features an iron fence with a welcoming gate. Watermen, Charles T., Daniel S. . . . — Map (db m149656) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2514 E. Franklin StreetC. 1875 — Historic Richmond —
This Italianate two-story, pressed brick rowhouse was constructed along with the adjacent rowhouses (2510 and 2512 E. Franklin St.) prior to 1877 and retains its original bracketed eaves and pierced paneled cornice. The first recorded residents of . . . — Map (db m149635) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2610 East Franklin Street(10 North Second Street)
Built in 1848 by Frederick and William Anderson, part of a row of four town houses. Owned by the family Miss Ellen Wilkins Tompkins, 1877 - 1963. Demolished in 1969 by the City of Richmond for library expansion. Re-erected in 1969 - 1971. — Map (db m149660) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2708 E. Franklin Streetc. 1902 — Historic Richmond —
This house reflects the architectural elements of the turn of the twentieth century with an Italianate cornice and simple porch with turned posts in a classical balustrade. It was constructed as one of three houses, 2706-2708-2610. Virginia V. . . . — Map (db m149664) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2710 E. Franklin Streetc. 1902 — Historic Richmond —
This rowhouse was constructed at the turn of the twentieth century and features an Italianate cornice and simple porch with turned posts in a classical balustrade. Edward C. Saunders occupied the house from 1902-1914. He was a traveling salesman for . . . — Map (db m149663) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2715 E. Broad Streetc. 1886 — Historic Richmond —
This classic brick three-bay townhouse was built c. 1886. The Italianate design features a delicate Eastlake porch. The city directory in 1886 lists Cyrus G. Bossieux of B. C. Bristow & Bro. as the first occupant. In 1889, Rev. T. P. Bell with the . . . — Map (db m149671) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 2916 Libby Terrace / Langstedt Housec. 1871 — Historic Richmond —
This three-bay brick house was the home of Dr. Frederick H. Langstedt, a physician. It was built no later than 1871. The original house features a restrained Italianate cornice, a delicate iron porch, stone window lintels and unusual, oversized . . . — Map (db m149668) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 3013 Libby Terracec. 1881 — Historic Richmond —
This three-bay frame house was built c. 1881. The original design has been retrimmed with Georgian Revival details. The rear windows of the house have outstanding views of the river and surrounding neighborhoods. Originally, the house address was . . . — Map (db m149667) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 5 North 29th Streetc. 1886 — Historic Richmond Foundation —
This quintessential Victorian style house features a bracketed Italianate porch and intricate oak-leaf pattern ironwork fence. It's earliest resident was W. C. Camp, a box manufacturer. Dr. Reverend James M. Frost, pastor of Leigh Street Baptist . . . — Map (db m149665) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 600 N. 29th St.C. 1890 — Historic Richmond —
This Queen Anne building is an excellent example of preserved commercial architecture with its rusticated cast block walls, plate glass windows, mansard roof, and prominent storefront. It is part of a series of historically African-American owned . . . — Map (db m133686) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — SA-69 — Adams-Van Lew House
Richmond mayor Dr. John Adams built a mansion here in 1802. It became the residence of Elizabeth Van Lew (1818-1900) whose father obtained it in 1836. During the Civil War, Elizabeth Van Lew led a Union espionage operation. African Americans, such . . . — Map (db m15926) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — SA-71 — Battle of Bloody Run
Nearby is the site where Chief Totopotomoy of the Pamunkey died in 1656. The English colonists had become concerned over the recent settlement nearby of the Rickohockans along the falls of the James River. They called upon Totopotomoy to assist in . . . — Map (db m16046) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Bloody Run
Near this site Ricahecrian (Seneca) Indians overcame Colonel Edward Hill and killed his ally Totopotomoi, Chief of the Pamunkies in 1656 — Map (db m145333) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — S-1 — British Invasion of Richmond, January 1781
On 4 Jan. 1781, British troops led by Brig. Gen. Benedict Arnold landed at Westover in Charles City County and began marching to Richmond. Learning of the threat, Governor Thomas Jefferson directed the removal of public records and military stores . . . — Map (db m1905) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Burton-Farrar House
Burton-Farrar House 1818 2308 East Broad Street is a contributing building to the St. John's Church Historic District Designated a Virginia Historic Landmark by the Virginia Department of Historic Resources and placed on the . . . — Map (db m149672) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Chimborazo Hospital
On this hill stood Chimborazo Hospital 1862-1865 Established by Surgeon General S.P. Moore, C.S.A. Directed by Dr. James B. McCaw. At that time, it was the largest military hospital in the world. It consisted of 150 buildings and 100 tents . . . — Map (db m15507) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Chimborazo Hospital1861-1865
In this park Dr. James B. McCaw developed for the Confederate States of America a military hospital which was then the largest in human history. It received 17,000 wounded, served more than 76,000 patients, and had a mortality of less than 10%. Dr. . . . — Map (db m16047) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Chimborazo HospitalRichmond National Battlefield Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On this 40-acre plateau the Confederates built Chimborazo Hospital, one of the largest and best-known Civil War military hospitals: 78,000 sick and wounded Confederate soldiers passed through the hospital from 1861-1865. Chimborazo’s neat rows of . . . — Map (db m34784) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Confederate HospitalChimborazo 1861-1865
Here on this 40-acre plateau the Confederates built Chimborazo Hospital, one of the largest and best known Civil War military hospitals. Its neat rows of pavilion buildings enhanced ventilation and served as a model for many postwar hospitals. None . . . — Map (db m16143) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Confederate Soldiers & Sailors Monument
Erected by the Confederate Soldiers & Sailors Monument Association Anno Domini 1887-1894. — Map (db m16230) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Elliott House2609 E. Leigh Street
This house was built by Fredrick Elliott in 1874. It incorporates a portion of an earlier ante-bellum structure. — Map (db m133689) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Gen'l Joseph E. Johnston
Gen'l Joseph E. Johnston, Confederate States Army, desperately wounded at the Battle of Seven Pines, was brought to the Crenshaw residence standing on this block, and nursed to recovery. This marker is placed by the Confederate . . . — Map (db m29838) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — George Wythe
This tablet is dedicated to mark the site where lie the mortal remains of George Wythe Born 1726 - Died 1806 Jurist and Statesman Teacher of Randolph Jefferson and Marshall First Professor of Law in the United States . . . — Map (db m76535) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Historic Shockoe Valley
Richmond is one of the most historic cities in the nation. Captain John Smith was among the first Europeans to visit in 1607, and William Byrd II, the founder of Richmond laid out the original street pattern. This photograph, taken in 1865 . . . — Map (db m67162) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Historic Shockoe Valley
Richmond is one (of) America's most historic cities. Captain John Smith was among the first Europeans to visit in 1607, and William Byrd II, the founder of Richmond laid out the original street pattern. This 1862 photograph by Matthew Brady, . . . — Map (db m140567) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Libby House1851 — Historic Richmond Foundation —
Built by Luther Libby whose warehouse during Civil War became the Libby Prison. Original Greek revival house has a classical entrance porch. A stepped, gable roof was replaced by a mansard roof before 1900. Other residents were Lemuel Powers . . . — Map (db m149666) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Powhatan Stone
An old Indian stone removed from and now overlooking “Powhatan Seat” a royal residence of King Powhatan when Captain John Smith and his fellow “Adventurers” made the first permanent English settlement in this country at . . . — Map (db m16110) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — SA-114 — Richmond Hill
Richmond Hill was an early name for Church Hill. Richard Adams, one of the most prominent men in Richmond, built a house on this site by the 1790s, and a second house, still standing, was constructed here about 1810. William Taylor remodeled . . . — Map (db m108229) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — SA-89 — Richmond's Civil War Hospitals
During the Civil War, overwhelming numbers of sick and wounded soldiers came to Richmond seeking treatment at one of the city's dozens of Confederate medical facilities, the best known of which was Chimborazo Hospital, established on this site in . . . — Map (db m72991) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Royster Housec. 1855 — Historic Richmond Foundation —
This Greek Revival home was first purchased by James B. Royster, brother of Elmira Shelton. Royster was a tobacco manufacturer, druggist, commission merchant, and city auditor of Richmond. Jane C. Royster, wife and noted socialite, met Gen. . . . — Map (db m149659) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — SA-37 — Saint John’s Episcopal Church
Here on 23 March 1776 Patrick Henry delivered his “Liberty or Death” speech, calling for American independence, during the second Virginia revolutionary conventions that included as members George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Peyton . . . — Map (db m1907) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — 8 — St. John’s Church“Give me liberty or give me death!” — Patrick Henry, March 23, 1775 —
St. John’s Church symbolizes the foundations of our republic and the founding ideal of liberty. Here, Patrick Henry’s masterful argument summoned Americans toward independence with the immortal words, “Give me liberty or give me death” . . . — Map (db m32695) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Strengthen the Arm of Liberty
With the faith and courage of their forefathers who made possible the freedom of these United States the Boy Scouts of America dedicated this copy of the Statue of Liberty as a pledge of everlasting fidelity and loyalty 40th . . . — Map (db m16415) WM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — The Lewis Doughty House
Lewis Doughty, a ship's carpenter, built this house in 1860. It was used as a temporary hospital during the seven days battle. June 26-July 3, 1862 — Map (db m101100) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — The Ligon House
The Ligon House Built 1850 is registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark And placed on the National Register of Historic Places — Map (db m149661) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — The Pulliam House
The Pulliam House has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1856 — Map (db m149662) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — The View That Named The City
The curve of the James River and steep slope on this side of are very much like the features of the River Thames in England, at a royal village west of London called Richmond upon Thames. William Byrd II, an important planter, merchant, . . . — Map (db m16146) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — SA-26 — Trinity Methodist Church
Erected in 1860, this building housed Trinity Methodist Church until 1945 when the congregation moved to Henrico County. It was designed by noted Richmond architect Albert West, who was also a leading Methodist. The roots of the Trinity congregation . . . — Map (db m1903) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Welcome to Historic St. John’s Church
St. John’s Church is an active Episcopal church and a national historic landmark. The church was built in 1741 as part of the Henrico Parish, which was established in 1611. It was here on 23 March 1775, that Patrick Henry delivered his famous . . . — Map (db m32696) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — World War II Memorial
In memory of those who gave their lives in World War II William J Anderson William David Armstrong John Ellis Epps Fred P. Hargadon Thomas V. Hudson Joseph Theodore Kane Thomas E. O'Connor Dallas C. Richardson Robert Emmett . . . — Map (db m145315) WM
Virginia (Richmond), Church Hill — Wyndham Bolling Blanton, M. D.
The John Adams Double House, built in 1809, was acquired for Historic Richmond Foundation with contributions in memory of Wyndham Bolling Blanton, M. D. physician and historian a founder and first president of Historic . . . — Map (db m133771) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — 17 FeetJune 19-23, 1972 — Hurricane Agnes —
The red line above marks the highest known flood level at this location. On June 20, 1972, Hurricane Agnes brought torrential rainfall to the Richmond region, with the flood crest occurring on June 23. At this spot, flood levels reached a . . . — Map (db m133685) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — 28th St Draw Bridge / Great Shiplock Canal"The Tidewater Connection"
28th St Draw Bridge The lift bridge before you was built by the Norfolk and Southern Railroad in 1929 to serve the paper mills along the Pamunkey River at West Point. A moveable bridge was always necessary to allow . . . — Map (db m47385) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Albemarle Paper
In 1916, the Dixie Paper Company opened a paper mill in the building of the closed Brown’s Island electric plant. By 1919, the mill was taken over by Albemarle Paper Company, which had been operating a paper mill just upriver at Hollywood since . . . — Map (db m24107) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Alexander H. Stephens House Site
Alexander H. Stephens Vice President of the Confederate States of America Lived in the house that stood here in 1861 This tablet is placed by the Confederate Memorial Literary Society, A.D., 1912, — Map (db m16272) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-58 — Alfred D. “A.D.” Price
Born into slavery in Hanover County in 1860, Alfred D. “A.D.” Price moved to Richmond in the late 1870s. Soon after coming to Richmond, he set up a blacksmith shop, which expanded into a livery stable and the funeral home that stands . . . — Map (db m5601) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-47 — Anna Maria LaneSoldier of the American Revolution
Near the Bell Tower in Capitol Square stood the barracks of the Public Guard. There, from 1801 to 1807, lived John Lane and his wife, Anna Maria Lane, the only documented woman veteran of the Revolutionary War to reside in Virginia. She disguised . . . — Map (db m4624) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Basin Race
The Great Basin of the James River & Kanawha Canal covered three square blocks directly in front of this plaque: between Cary and Canal, and 8th and 12th Streets. By 1834, millers had realized the Basin’s water could be used to turn waterwheels, and . . . — Map (db m26573) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Bell Tavern
To mark the site of Bell Tavern used as a Recruiting Station during the War of 1812 — Map (db m27774) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Birthplace of Cardiac Transplantation
This site commemorates the pioneering basic, clinical and translational research that laid the foundation for successful cardiac transplantation. On this campus, Dr. Richard Lower performed the first heart transplant in Virginia on May 25, 1968. . . . — Map (db m19180) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-68 — Branch Public Baths
John Patterson Branch (1830–1915), banker, philanthropist and community leader, erected Richmond’s first public bath here in 1909 at 1801 East Broad Street as a gift to the city. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, cities such as . . . — Map (db m1902) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Brown’s Island
Brown’s Island was created when the Haxall Canal was extended west to the Tredegar Iron Works. Encircled by the waterways that provided power and transportation to flour mills, foundries, and paper companies, Brown’s Island has been at the . . . — Map (db m24095) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Brown’s Island
Brown’s Island is named for Elijah Brown who acquired it in 1826. Brown came from Rhode Island in 1811 to be a gunsmith at the Virginia Manufactory of Arms. In 1818, he entered the Public Guard, which was stationed at the Manufactory, and served . . . — Map (db m24105) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Canal Walk
(front panel) Railroads Richmond has been a railroad center since the 1830’s. In 1838, the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad had its main depot and shops at 8th & Byrd streets. A short north-south link, the R&P was the parent . . . — Map (db m26586) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Chesapeake & Ohio RailwayChartered 1869
Origins in the James River & Kanawha Canal Co. (1785) and the Louisa Railroad (1836). Headquarted in Richmond. Profits came from hauling WVA coal to Newport News shipyards. Merged with B&O in 1972 to form Chessie System. Chessie System merged with . . . — Map (db m70491) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Christopher Newport Cross / Canal WalkRichmond Riverfront
Christopher Newport Cross On May 24, 1607, Captain Christopher Newport and a party of explorers who had landed at Jamestown just days earlier arrived at the site of modern-day Richmond. Hoping to find a passage to the Pacific, they found . . . — Map (db m23819) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Christopher Newport Monument
Capt. Christopher Newport John Smith Gabriel Archer Hon. George Percy With gentlemen, mariners, soldiers numbering twenty-one explored James River to the falls, and set up a cross Whitsunday, May 24th 1607 This monument is . . . — Map (db m23818) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — City Locks River Gauge
The building before you holds equipment that measures the level of the James River leaving Richmond How it works: The gauge is a tube of air with a standard amount of pressure inside. How much the river water rises up the tube determines . . . — Map (db m61821) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — City of Richmond Bicentennial
On July 2, 1782, the people of Richmond gathered near this site to elect twelve citizens and constitute their first city government, known as the Common Hall. The next day, the Richmond Common Council held its first meeting on the same site and . . . — Map (db m16306) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Coffer Dams
The large wood and steel rectangles before you are the walls of temporary dams. They are designed to be placed by crane at either end of the stone locks to your right. --- This allows the locks to be closed off, the water pumped out, and . . . — Map (db m61822) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Confederate (Second) Alabama Hospital
Also known as Yarbrough's factory, Turpin's factory. Original building Richmond Civil War Centennial Committee 1965 Historic Building Built 1853 Yarbrough Turpin Tobacco Factory 1853 - 1909 Pohlig Bros. Paper Box . . . — Map (db m32309) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Confederate General Hospital No. 12
Also known as Banner, Grant, Wayside Later used as barracks by Federal occupation forces. Original building. Richmond Civil War Centennial Committee 1965Map (db m31167) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Confederate Laboratory
Brown’s Island was the site of the Confederate Laboratory, a major powder-loading and cartridge-producing plant during the Civil War. During the Civil War, the hazardous work of loading powder was carried out here on Brown’s Island because of . . . — Map (db m24098) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Confederate Navy Yard
Begun in 1862, the Confederate Navy Yard occupied both banks of the James River, including the community and port of Rocketts Landing on the north bank. The Yard was the base, construction site, and headquarters for the James River Squadron, . . . — Map (db m23663) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-34 — Craig House
The Craig House, perhaps Richmond’s second oldest structure, was built between 1784 and 1787 by Adam Craig (b. ca. 1760–d. 1808). He was clerk of the Richmond Hustings Court, the Henrico County Court, and the General Court. To save the house, . . . — Map (db m1901) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — 3 — Despair of SlaveryRichmond Slave Trail
“I had noticed the bad condition of this gang several times on the road, the poor wretches being travel-worn and half starved, and having large sores caused by their loads and the blows and cuts they received. The ropes that confined them were . . . — Map (db m41872) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Downtown Richmond Millsites
Seven sites in downtown Richmond have been locations for water-powered industry: HOLLYWOOD: A flour mill was operating by 1800. Canal water powered a paper mill beginning in 1887, and a 2,100 kilowatt hydroelectric plant from 1940 to 1972. . . . — Map (db m26580) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA 46-a — Early Quakers in Richmond
Near this site a meetinghouse was built in 1797 to 1798 by members of the Religious Society of Friends. Called Quakers, the earliest had arrived in Virginia from England in 1655. The building was the second house of worship in Richmond after St. . . . — Map (db m32317) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Edgar Allen Poe
Presented to the people of Virginia by George Edward Barksdale, M.D. and gratefully accepted by the Commonwealth of Virginia as a tribute of admiration for Poe's scholarly genius as an eminent and vigorous writer and poet. — Map (db m4637) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-72 — Egyptian Building
In Oct. 1844, Hampden-Sydney College’s medical department first held classes in this Egyptian Revival structure designed by Philadelphia architect Thomas S. Stewart. Completed in 1846, it provided educational and clinical facilities for the medical . . . — Map (db m18855) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Egyptian BuildingMedical College of Virginia — 1844 - 1845 —
This building in the Egyptian style has been used continuously since its completion in 1845. During the War Between the States it was the chief Southern center for the education of physicians and surgeons. This tablet is erected by the Alumni . . . — Map (db m42672) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Electric Trolley
In 1888, Richmond built the first commercially successful electric trolley system in the world. The tops of the new cars were connected to an electrical line called a "troller" and thus became known as "trolleys." Richmond's horse-drawn . . . — Map (db m23929) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Electricity for Streetcars
Power from Brown’s Island began to run streetcars in 1894, when Richmond Railway & Electric built a coal-fired generating plant. In 1888, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway became the first streetcar line in the world to be successfully . . . — Map (db m24106) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-54 — Engine Company No. 9 Fire Station
On 1 July 1950, the first professional Afro-American firefighters in Virginia were hired and in September were stationed on the northeast corner of this intersection. These courageous pioneers created a loyalty and dedication to each other and their . . . — Map (db m22323) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Evacuation Fire
The Evacuation Fire destroyed roughly 1,000 buildings. It spread from here to the James River, and from the foot of Gambles Hill east to beyond 14th Street. The first tires were set by Confederate forces just after daybreak Monday April 3, . . . — Map (db m26582) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Evacuation of Richmond
On Sunday morning, April 2, 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis was notified while in church that Petersburg was falling. By noon, the evacuation of the Confederate government and army from Richmond was set in motion. Late Sunday evening, a . . . — Map (db m26581) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-66 — Execution of Gabriel
Near here is the early site of the Richmond gallows and “Burial Ground for Negroes.” On 10 Oct. 1800, Gabriel, an enslaved blacksmith from Brookfield plantation in Henrico County, was executed there for attempting to lead a mass uprising . . . — Map (db m15116) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — 17 — First African Baptist ChurchRichmond Slave Trail
“As for the singing, when the vast congregation poured out its full soul in the old-fashioned songs, the long and loud bursts of praise reminded one parishioner of the ‘sound of many waters.” Slave Missions & the Black Church in . . . — Map (db m41846) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-106 — First African Baptist Church
Tracing its roots to 1780 as the First Baptist Church, the First African Baptist Church was bought and organized by freedmen and slaves in 1841. The present building was erected on the same site in 1876. The establishment of First African Baptist . . . — Map (db m79124) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-25 — First Trolley Car System in Richmond
In 1888, the world’s first successful electric railway, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway, branched at this point to link downtown and Jackson Ward with the suburbs. This system, designed by Frank Julian Sprague (1857–1934), contained 12 . . . — Map (db m1899) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Francis Asbury
To the glory of God and in grateful memory of Francis Asbury Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church in America An apostle whose only home was his saddle, his parish the continent. With fervent love for his Lord and a zeal that . . . — Map (db m31163) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Franklin Street Burying Grounds
Reconsecration of the Franklin Street Burying Grounds The first Jewish Cemetery in Virginia Founded 1791 Commemorating the 300th anniversary of the first permanent Jewish settlement in the United States This . . . — Map (db m37129) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-6 — Freedmen's Bureau Freedman's Bank
Slavery denied African Americans the education and skills required to exercise the freedoms won by the Civil War. To redress this, Congress created the Freedman Bureau and Freedman’s Bank in March 1865. In Richmond, the Bureau and its Bank first . . . — Map (db m25307) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Gallego Mills
Richmond's Gallego Mills were a major 19th century industry. In 1834, Joseph Gallego built a mill on the Great Basin at the northwest corner of 12th & Canal Streets. The mill used Basin water to turn its waterwheels. After an 1848 fire, Messrs. . . . — Map (db m23880) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — George Washington Monument
Washington (Marker conveys the impact of Virginians on our Country's history through its prominent and allegorical figures. See the "More about this marker" section and the links for more information).Map (db m4715) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — George Wythe
Site of the home of George Wythe, Signer of the Declaration of Independence — Map (db m47016) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-76 — Giles Beecher Jacksonca. 1852-1924
The first African American to practice law before the Supreme Court of Virginia, Jackson lived and worked in Jackson Ward. Although local tradition holds that Jackson Ward was named for him, in fact, the ward’s name first appeared during his . . . — Map (db m64017) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Governor Edmund Randolph
Site of the home of Governor Edmund Randolph, Patriot, Soldier, Statesman. Placed by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities 1907. — Map (db m74180) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-40 — Grant House / Sheltering Arms Hospital
William H. Grant, a prominent Richmond tobacconist, built this mansion by 1856 on property acquired from John Wickham's estate. The house, an early example in Richmond of the Italianate style, reflected the wealth and sophistication of late . . . — Map (db m16170) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Great Ship Lock
The Great Ship Lock connected the navigable part of the James River with the Richmond city dock, which extended for ten blocks to the west. Ocean-going vessels were raised up from sea level to the level of the city dock which accommodated ships as . . . — Map (db m23672) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — 6 — Great Ship LockCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the James — www.johnsmithtrail.org —
James River Park System Despite the presence of a large Indian village just below the falls—or perhaps because of good relations with the local ruler Parahunt and his father Powhatan—Capt. Francis West built a fort near . . . — Map (db m23706) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Great Ship Lock
The first Great Ship Lock was built in 1816. It connected the navigable part of the James River with the Richmond city dock, which extended for 10 blocks to the west. The lock raised sailing ships and steamboats approximately 13 feet above the . . . — Map (db m47452) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Great Turning Basin
The stones in this plaza have been arranged to suggest the outline of a typical lock on Richmond’s James River and Kanawha Canal. Where you now stand was once a part of the Great Turning Basin which served the heart of the commercial area in . . . — Map (db m26569) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Hancock-Wirt-Caskie House
Built 1808 Once home of William Wirt 1816-1818 lawyer, author, politician Attorney General of the United States This Federal Period house is a superior example of its type Acquired in 1970 by The William Byrd Branch of the . . . — Map (db m47012) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Harry Flood Byrd
State Senator 1916-26 Governor of Virginia 1926-30 United States Senator 1933-65 The General Assembly of Virginia on March 9, 1974, authorized this memorial to Harry Flood Byrd, of Winchester, Virginia, declaring that "The sum total of . . . — Map (db m4711) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Haxall Millrace
The first gristmill in Richmond was built on rocks in the river and approached by planks laid from one rock to another. In the 19th century, fleets of schooners and brigs carried Richmond's flour to Brazil and around Cape Horn to San Francisco . . . — Map (db m23928) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Here Stood the Trigg Shipyard
The concrete walls in front of you are all that is left of the once-bustling Trigg Shipyard. The yard employed 2,000 men and was comprised of 16 large industrial buildings on a 25-acre site with 20 acres in water, dock, and boat basin. In 1898, . . . — Map (db m92632) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Hunter Holmes McGuire, M.D.
(Front): To Hunter Holmes McGuire, M.D., LL.D., President of the American Medical and of the American Surgical Associations; Founder of the University College of Medicine; Medical Director, Jackson's Corps, Army of Northern . . . — Map (db m4735) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Inauguration of Davis
On a platform erected on this spot Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as the regularly elected President of the Confederate States of America, February 22, 1862. — Map (db m4742) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Inside A Flour Mill
One of the first industries to benefit from American industrial innovation was flour milling. Oliver Evans published The Young Mill-wright and Miller's Guide in 1795, and his patented principles of design spread quickly. Evans' mechanized . . . — Map (db m23883) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-74 — Jackson Ward
Before the Civil War this neighborhood was home to free blacks and enslaved individuals, along with European immigrants and Jewish residents. The area served as a city electoral district (1871-1903) and is still called Jackson Ward. By the early . . . — Map (db m24202) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — John Jasper
“The manner he preaches is only in keeping with the openness and candor of his heart.” Deacon and Officers of the Sixth Mount Zion Baptist Church, 1884 “Jasper didn’t convert me to his religion, but he did convert me to . . . — Map (db m24102) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — John Marshall Corps of Cadets1915 • 1971
The Corps of Cadets established at John Marshall High School in 1915 was the first military training program in a public school in Virginia. Dedicated to the thousands of young men who wore the uniform of the Corps of Cadets. This . . . — Map (db m114378) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — John Marshall HouseBuilt 1790
The third United States Supreme Court Justice lived here until his death in 1835. His family remained until 1909, and the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA) opened it to the public in 1913. — Map (db m29353) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-73 — John Mitchell, Jr., "Fighting Editor"
Born enslaved near Richmond in 1863, John Mitchell, Jr. came of age in the tumultuous post–Civil War era. In 1883, he launched a daring journalism career, becoming editor and publisher of the black-owned Richmond Planet once located . . . — Map (db m57530) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — John Tyler
State Legislator, U.S. Congressman Governor of Virginia, U.S. Senator, Vice President of U.S., Peace Commissioner, Confederate Congressman and tenth President of the United States This marker was placed in 1949 by the Head . . . — Map (db m4713) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-56 — Kahal Kadosh Beth Shalome
Jews have participated in Virginia’s social and economic life from the colony’s beginnings. Kahal Kadosh Beth Shalome (Holy Congregation House of Peace) was founded in Richmond in 1789, when the Jewish community grew large enough to establish the . . . — Map (db m27135) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Kanawha Plaza
Stone Number SB-01 from Lock Number 1 of the Tidewater Connection of the James River and Kanawha Canal. The lock was completed in 1854. The stones of this lock have been saved for future restoration. — Map (db m26584) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Libby Prison“Hope was all that sustained many.”
Near this site, from about 1845 until 1889, stood the building that housed Richmond’s famous Libby Prison. Originally built as a warehouse by wealthy Richmond businessman John Enders, Sr., a portion of the structure was leased prior to the Civil War . . . — Map (db m35933) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Libby Prison1861-1865
Libby Prison, one of the most notorious prisons of the Civil War, housed mostly Union officers. It was located at the southeast corner of 20th and Cary streets (the doorway in the floodwall is at 20th, and the wall runs through the site of the . . . — Map (db m47433) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Libby Prison CSA1861-65
On This Site Stood Libby Prison CSA 1861-65 For Federal Prisoners Of War Placed By Confederate Memorial Literary Society A.D. 1911 — Map (db m30295) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — E-232 — Loving v. Virginia
Richard Loving and Mildred Jeter, defined under Virginia’s 1924 Racial Integrity Act as an interracial couple, married in June 1958 tn Washington, D.C and returned home to Caroline County, Arrested in July for violating Virginia’s laws against . . . — Map (db m108166) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Low Rise Dorms
(panel 1) Low Rise Dorms Medical College of Virginia (MCV) President Witham T. Sanger had grand dreams for the school he led from 1925 until 1956. One of his more interesting concepts was a plan for a miniature “Village” . . . — Map (db m132142) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Lumpkins JailArcheology Study Site
The grass and wood chips to your right mark the area of an archeological examination of the remnants of one of our nations most notorious slave jails: the Devil’s Half Acre ---- the place where run-away slaves were punished and large numbers . . . — Map (db m40679) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — 15 — Lumpkin's JailRichmond Slave Trail
(left panel) Lumpkin’s Jail was owned by Robert Lumpkin, who maximized profits in his compound by including lodging for s1ave traders, a slave holding facility, an auction house, and a residence for his family. A port city with water, . . . — Map (db m41838) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Major James Gibbon
. . . — Map (db m47011) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Manchester & Free Bridges
By 1873, complaints about Mayo’s’ tolls led to the opening of the Free Bridge. The day after the Free Bridge opened, thousands crowded onto it to watch the Reverend John Jasper conduct a large group-baptism ceremony in the river. For . . . — Map (db m24104) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Matthew Fontaine Maury
. . . — Map (db m30000) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Maupin - Maury House
Originally built in 1846 at 1105 East Clay, Street, this Greek Revival townhouse was reconstructed on this site in1993 using much of the original architectural fabric. The builder, Dr. Socrates Maupin, was one of the founders of the medical . . . — Map (db m30001) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Memorial TerraceMonumental Church
1788 This site was a part of the Academy of Sciences and Fine Arts where the Virginia Convention of 1788 voted to approve the proposed U.S. Constitution on June 25th. 1806 Richmond Theatre opened in three-story brick building. . . . — Map (db m79129) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-105 — Miller’s and Eggleston Hotels
Opened in 1904 and demolished in 2009, the hotel that stood here hosted regional and national black luminaries, celebrities, tourists, and leaders including Booker T. Washington. Built by William “Buck” Miller, Miller’s Hotel was one of . . . — Map (db m89521) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-38 — Monumental Church
The church is a memorial to the 72 people, including Virginia Governor George W. Smith, who died when the Richmond Theatre burned here in 1811. Several survivors owed their lives to the bravery of Gilbert Hunt, a slave blacksmith. A committee . . . — Map (db m18853) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-85 — Navy Hill
The Navy Hill neighborhood, named as a tribute to nearby naval victories during the War of 1812, was settled by German immigrants beginning in 1810. It became a vibrant African American community by the turn of the century. Navy Hill’s distinctive . . . — Map (db m47368) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Norfolk and Southern Bridge
The Kanawha Canal Draw Bridge was built in 1930 by the Virginia Bridge and Iron Company to carry the Norfolk and Western Railroad's West Point line over the James River and Kanawha Canal. This type of bridge is known as a single-leaf bascule bridge. . . . — Map (db m23671) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — 14 — Odd Fellows HallRichmond Slave Trail
Established in England in the mid-1700’s, the Grand United Order of Odd Fellows began as a philanthropic organization that welcomed both white and black membership. 1813 witnessed a significant rift in the Order’s structure when many of the members . . . — Map (db m41842) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Old City HallNational Historic Landmark
Old City Hall A Registered National Landmark Built: 1886-1894 Restored: 1983-1984 Developer: Cranston Development Company Architect: Landmarks Design Associates General Contractor: Navarro Corporation Interior Design: . . . — Map (db m125090) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Old Negro Burial Ground
The land beyond this tunnel was once part of a cemetery for slaves and poor free blacks. The exact size and shape is unknown as is the number of persons once interred. What happened to their remains is a mystery as well. This was also the site . . . — Map (db m25960) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-39 — Origins of Richmond
There was "no place so strong, so pleasant, and delightful in Virginia, for which we called it None-such." So wrote Captain John Smith about the site he chose in 1609 when he established the first English settlement near the falls of the James . . . — Map (db m15925) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — President’s MansionWhite House of the Confederacy
This house was the executive mansion of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his family from August 1861 until April 2, 1865. A West Point graduate, former U.S. senator from Mississippi, and former U.S. secretary of war, Davis was the . . . — Map (db m16271) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Propeller shaft of the Iron-Clad Virginia
Section of the propeller shaft of the famous Iron-Clad Virginia (Merrimac), an essential portion of the machinery furnishing motive power to the ship in her engagements in Hampton Roads, when she, under command of Admiral Franklin Buchanan, . . . — Map (db m143043) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Ratification of the Constitution
On this site the Virginia Convention ratified the United States Constitution June 25, 1788 In the ratifying convention were Edmund Randolph, James Madison, George Wythe, Henry Lee, John Marshall, Patrick Henry, George Mason and James Monroe . . . — Map (db m18851) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — 13 — Reconciliation StatueRichmond Slave Trail
Dedicated 2007 CE Identical statues in Liverpool, England; Benin, West Africa; and Richmond, Virginia, memorialize the British, African, and American triangular trade route, now identified as the Reconciliation Triangle. Traders profited from . . . — Map (db m41843) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-83 — Richmond 34
On 22 Feb. 1960, 34 Virginia Union University students, 11 women and 23 men, refused to leave the segregated dining facilities here at Thalhimers department store and were arrested. Charged with trespassing, they were later convicted and fined. This . . . — Map (db m95568) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Richmond Dock / Chapel Island
Richmond Dock In 1816, the Virginia legislature chartered the Richmond Dock Company. It operated independently of the James River and Kanawha Canal until 1854, when the Tidewater Connection was constructed. The Tidewater Connection, a . . . — Map (db m47430) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA–42 — Richmond Evacuation Fire
After midnight on 3 April 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to several tobacco warehouses nearby on orders from Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, as the army evacuated Richmond and marched west. Two distinct fires spread rapidly throughout the . . . — Map (db m8161) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Richmond, Virginia Bicentennial1737 - 1937
Richmond, Surrey, England, visited by William Byrd in his boyhood, inspired the name for Richmond, Virginia. Commemorating that fact, the Virginia Branch of the English Speaking Union presents this tablet to Richmond, Virginia, on the occasion of . . . — Map (db m125091) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Rocketts Landing
Rocketts, or Rocketts Landing, is the river frontage of the community, named for Robert Rockett who operated a ferry across the James River beginning in the 1730s. Tenant laborers and merchants filled the floodplain with clusters of small houses and . . . — Map (db m23664) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Rocketts LandingConfederate Navy Yard
For centuries the James River served as a thoroughfare for vessels connecting Richmond to other ports along the Atlantic coast, South America and Europe. Here at Rocketts Landing, ships loaded and unloaded their cargoes as it was impossible to . . . — Map (db m92033) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Rocketts Landing and Wharf / Confederate Navy Yard / Powhatan’s Birthplace
(bottom panel) Rocketts Landing and Wharf Rocketts is the river frontage and community named for Robert Rockett, who operated a ferry across the James River beginning in the 1730s. Over the years, tenant laborers and merchants . . . — Map (db m47461) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-94 — Sadie Heath CabanissNursing Innovator — (1865-1921) —
Sadie Heath Cabaniss laid the foundation for professional nursing in Virginia and was the founder of the VCU School of Nursing in 1893. Cabaniss, who held leadership positions in both state and national nursing organizations, led the movement to . . . — Map (db m69106) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — Slave Trade Reconciliation Triangle
Identical statues in Liverpool, England; Benin, West Africa; and Richmond, Virginia, memorialize the British, African and American triangular trade, now identified as the Reconciliation Triangle. Traders profited from delivering over 100,000 . . . — Map (db m20766) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — St. Philip School of Nursing
During the era of racial segregation, the Medical College of Virginia established the St. Philip School of Nursing for African-American women. It operated from 1920 until September 1962, when the last of its 688 graduates received their nursing . . . — Map (db m20721) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — St. Philip's Way
St. Philip's Way St. Philip's Way is a historical path through Academy Square that connects the 19th-century Egyptian Building with the 21st-century James W. and Frances G. McGlothlin Medical Education Center. Along the way, you will learn . . . — Map (db m85172) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — SA-44 — Stewart-Lee House
Built in 1844 for Norman Stewart, a Scottish tobacco merchant, the house was rented from his nephew, John Stewart, by Gen. Robert E. Lee's family during the Civil War. Following Lee's surrender at Appomattox, he lived here for just over two months. . . . — Map (db m20518) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The "Richmond 34"
On February 22, 1960 Thirty-four Virginia Union University students staged a sit-in protest against segregation in the restaurants of Thalhimers department store, which stood on this site. Richmond city police arrested the students for trespassing, . . . — Map (db m28850) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The Bell Tower
This tower was built in 1824, on the site of a frame building. It long served as a guard house for the State Guard. The bell was a fire alarm and was also rung in emergencies. In 1861-1865 it was used to call out local defenders, notably on April . . . — Map (db m4632) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The Edward V. Valentine Sculpture Studio
Built in the early 1830s as a carriage house and stable at nearby 809 East Leigh Street, this building was purchased by sculptor Edward Valentine in 1871. To bring in the indirect natural lighting favored by artists, he installed a skylight and . . . — Map (db m30009) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The Executive Mansion of Virginia
On this site lived three Presidents of the United States, Monroe and Tyler as Governors and William Henry Harrison while his father, Benjamin Harrison, signer of the Declaration of Independence, was Governor. The first house on this site was also . . . — Map (db m5216) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The First National Bank Building

has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m88175) HM

Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The Flour Trade
Flour milling was Richmond's earliest industry, and in the 19th century, only tobacco surpassed flour as Richmond's largest commercial product. Richmond flour brands were known internationally for not spoiling in tropical conditions, and were . . . — Map (db m23952) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The John Marshall House
Built in 1790, this brick house reflects the late 18th century Federal period style. It was home to the Chief Justice whose principles shaped our Federal government and established the Supreme Court we know today. The structure houses an unusually . . . — Map (db m29352) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The John Marshall House
The John Marshall House The John Marshall House was the Richmond home of “the Great Chief Justice” from 1790 to 1835. The longest serving Chief Justice to date, Marshall was known as the “definer of the Constitution" and a . . . — Map (db m114376) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The Navy Yard of the Confederate States
On the river shore just below here the Navy Yard of the Confederate States was located and the ships Fredericksburg and Virginia II were launched This site is dedicated to that spot by the City of Richmond, 1916 — Map (db m15508) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The Oldest Commercial Building in Richmond1817
Built in 1817, this structure is the oldest commercial building in Richmond. As this building was being built, James Madison, a Virginian, was serving as the 4th President of the United States. During the Civil War, the Union Army passed by . . . — Map (db m64131) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The Oldest House
The oldest house still standing in Richmond Probably built 1737 by Joseph Ege A gift in 1912 from Mr. and Mrs. Granville C. Valentine to the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities Restored by Mr. and Mrs. Archer G. . . . — Map (db m32314) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The Slave Trade In Richmond
The land around you for several blocks was the regional center for the commerce in black slaves. There were 4 main dealers each with a jail-like compound surrounded with heavy log fences. The largest and most fearsome was Lumpkin Jail - "The Devils . . . — Map (db m25961) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The Tidal James
The view before you is the westernmost section of the tidal portion of the James River. The James stretches from headwaters in the Appalachian Mountains to the Chesapeake Bay, and is one of the United Sttaes’ six longest rivers whose watershed . . . — Map (db m92633) HM
Virginia (Richmond), Downtown — The Treasury Building of the Confederate States of America
This wall was once a part of the Treasury Building of the Confederate States of America. In it were the offices of the President, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Treasurer of the Confederate Government. . . . — Map (db m8152) HM

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May. 27, 2020