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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Rockbridge County Virginia Historical Markers

 
Brownsburg Marker image, Touch for more information
By J. J. Prats, May 27, 2011
Brownsburg Marker
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Brownsburg — A-70 — Brownsburg
The village of Brownsburg, established on 23 November 1793, is an enduring example of a mid- to late-19th-century Shenandoah Valley community. By 1835 Brownsburg was a thriving commercial hub and was centrally located on the stagecoach line . . . — Map (db m45721) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Collierstown — Captain James HallPioneer, Patriot, Farmer — Died 1816
Born and raised near this spot, James Hall bought 215 acres land on Buffalo Creek, Sept. 25, 1771. As a member of Murray’s company of Botetourt Militia, which was composed of men from the “Fork of James” area, he fought in the battle . . . — Map (db m105100) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Collierstown — I-25 / 161 — Oxford ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
On the knoll 400 yards west, Presbyterian settlers of the Upper Buffalo Valley founded a congregation in 1758 and constructed a log fort that was also used as a place of worship. A stone church replaced it after the Revolutionary War. The Rev. . . . — Map (db m122192) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Fairfield — A-47 — Cherry Grove Estate
Here was born James McDowell, Governor of Virginia, 1843-46. — Map (db m23770) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Fairfield — Dr. Ephraim McDowellThe Father of Abdominal Surgery
Near this spot Dr. Ephraim McDowell was born November 11, 1771 The Father of Abdominal Surgery Beginning medical study in Staunton, Virginia, continuing it in Edinburgh, Scotland, he later received the honorary degree from the . . . — Map (db m23780) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Fairfield — A-43 — McDowell's Grave
Nearby is the cemetery that contains the grave of Capt. John McDowell, who died on 18 Dec. 1742 during a conflict between Iroquois Indians and colonial settlers. Although accounts differ on how the conflict arose, it resulted in the deaths of more . . . — Map (db m23777) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Fairfield — A-45 — Red House and the McDowell Family
Nearby once stood a log house painted red built by the McDowell family. John McDowell received land here for surveying Borden's Grant in the late 1730's. In 1742 McDowell was killed during a conflict between settlers and Indians. Dr. Ephraim . . . — Map (db m23783) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Glasgow — Frank Padget
In memory of Frank Padget, a coloured slave who during a freshet in James River in January 1854, ventured and lost his life by drowning in the noble effort to save some of his fellow creatures, who were in the midst of the flood, from . . . — Map (db m49863) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Glasgow — L-63 — Frank Padget Water Tragedy
Heavy rains in late Jan. 1854 left the James River and the treacherous Balcony Falls in full flood. On 21 Jan., the canal boat Clinton and its passengers became stranded in the raging waters. Frank Padget, a skilled boatman and slave, . . . — Map (db m49859) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Glasgow — L-10 — Indian and Settler Conflict
On 18 Dec. 1742, the first known clash between Indians and colonial settlers in Rockbridge County took place near the mouth of the Maury River. Iroquois en route south from Pennsylvania encountered pioneers led by Capt. John McDowell. Although . . . — Map (db m49825) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Goshen — Z-77 — Alleghany County / Rockbridge County
(obverse) Alleghany County Area 458 Square Miles Formed in 1822 from Bath, Botetourt, and Monroe, and named for the Alleghany Mountains. At Fort Mann in this county a battle took place between settlers and Indians led by . . . — Map (db m46391) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Goshen — Z-108 — Rockbridge County / Augusta County
Rockbridge County Area 616 Square Miles Formed in 1778 from Augusta and Botetourt, and named for the Natural Bridge. Samuel Houston and Cyrus H. McCormick were born in this county. Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson are buried in Lexington. . . . — Map (db m34306) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Kerrs Creek — L-14 — Kerr’s Creek
A series of armed conflicts between Native Americans and settlers of European descent occurred along the western frontier of the British colonies during the 1750s and 1760s. In Oct. 1759, during the Seven Years’ War, Shawnee Indians from the . . . — Map (db m105102) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Kerrs Creek — The Massacre of Kerr's Creek
The Massacre of Kerr's Creek took place near the Big Spring a few hundred yards from this spot. Oct. 10, 1764 A band of Shawnee Indians coming over the mountains from the Ohio surprised the fort and killed from fifty to sixty persons. This was the . . . — Map (db m107985) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — Alben W. Barkley
KY Congressman 35th V.P. USA died while speaking 1956 W&L mock convention — Map (db m108021) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — A-52 — Birthplace of Sam Houston
In a cabin on the hilltop to the east Sam Houston was born, March 2, 1793. As commander-in-chief of the Texas army, he won the battle of San Jacinto, which secured Texan independence, April 21, 1836. He was President of Texas, 1836-1838, 1841-1844; . . . — Map (db m32087) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — Birthplace of Sam Houston
On March 2, 1793, the noted soldier and statesman Sam Houston was born in a log cabin on a nearby knoll. Houston served with distinction in the U.S. Army and later as a congressman and governor of Tennessee before moving to Texas in the 1830s. In . . . — Map (db m32089) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — R-63 — Falling Spring Presbyterian Church
The oldest congregation in the Fincastle Presbytery, the Falling Spring Presbyterian Church, was organized before 1748. The Hanover Presbytery met here in October, 1780. The present Gothic Revival church was constructed of slave-made brick during . . . — Map (db m122191) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — Hopkins Green
This public park is part of the original Lot #34 of the Town of Lexington laid out in the spring of 1778. Purchased in 1788 by James Hopkins, this corner remained in the Hopkins family for almost 200 years - until 1984 - when it was deeded to the . . . — Map (db m108023) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — Jane Todd Crawford
Jane Todd, pioneer heroine of abdominal surgery, was born 12-23-1763 just west of here across Whistle Creek near Todd’s Mill. She married Thomas Crawford in 1794. In 1809 she rode 60 Mi. on horseback to the home of Dr. Ephraim McDowell in Danville, . . . — Map (db m32137) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — A-44 — Liberty Hall Academy
This school, which was founded in 1777 and finally grew into Washington and Lee University, stood a short distance to the southwest of this point. — Map (db m32083) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — L-8 — New Monmouth Church and Morrison’s Birthplace
This is the site of the first church, built 1746. Just northeast was the birthplace of William McCutchan Morrison, born, 1867, died, 1918. A missionary to the Belgian Congo, he translated the Bible into native languages and exposed conditions there. . . . — Map (db m122189) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — Q 11-a — Stonewall Jackson House
Future Confederate Lt. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson and his second wife, Mary Anna Morrison, owned a house on Washington Street from 1859 to 1861, while he taught at the Virginia Military Institute. It is the only house he ever owned. A . . . — Map (db m32099) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — A-49 — Thorn Hill Estate
Home of Colonel John Bowyer, an officer in the Revolutionary War, and of General E.F. Paxton, commander of the Stonewall Brigade, killed at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863. — Map (db m67318) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — A-46 — Timber Ridge Church
This Presbyterian Church was built in 1756, nineteen years after the first settlement in Rockbridge County. — Map (db m122188) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — “Vires-Acquirit-Eundo” Ancient Arbor Vitae
Before dying in 1980, this more than 1600 year old specimen of the Arbor Vitae tree was the oldest and largest known in the world. It’s (sic) diameter measures 56 inches. Depending on climatic conditions that determine it’s (sic) growth rate, the . . . — Map (db m105822) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — A Miracle in Stone ... Old as the DawnNatural Bridge
Natural Bridge has enormous proportions. Man first discovered Natural Bridge a few hundred years ago. But Nature, through millions of years, had worked with patient labor and magnificent skill to construct this monument which would stand for all . . . — Map (db m105824) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — George Washington
Around 1750, while surveying Natural Bridge, George Washington carved his initials under the bridge's arch. His initials can still be seen today, directly across Cedar Creek and 23 feet up. — Map (db m11082) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — Lace Waterfalls
From high on the south end of the first ridge of the Alleghany Mountains, 180 miles away, originate the headwaters of Cedar Creek. Before you, Cedar Creek plunges 50 feet to the creekbed. As the seasons change, the waterfall transforms from delicate . . . — Map (db m105828)
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — Lost River
About 1812, workmen from the Saltpetre Cave heard the waters of the Lost River, and blasted the opening to it that you see today. A water main was attached to transport water to the hoppers and kettles used to extract the nitrate from the cave. . . . — Map (db m105865) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — Monacan Villagecirca 1700
The Monacan Indian Nation and Natural Bridge invite you to witness, in a living history environment, glimpses of what life would have been like in a small Monacan Village (sic) 300 years ago along the banks of Cedar Creek. This is a project of . . . — Map (db m105825) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — A-72 — Natural Bridge
Natural Bridge holds a unique place in American history as one of the natural wonders and first tourist attractions in the New World. Artists and illustrators popularized its image. This natural semielliptical arch is made of limestone carved by . . . — Map (db m48) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — Natural BridgeTime Out for Touring — Hunter's Raid
(Preface): On May 26, 1864, Union Gen. David Hunter marched south from Cedar Creek near Winchester to drive out Confederate forces, lay waste to the Shenandoah Valley, and destroy transportation facilities at Lynchburg. His raid was part of . . . — Map (db m33398) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — Natural Bridge Patent
1926 This tablet commemorates the fact that the Natural Bridge patent was surveyed by George Washington about 1750 A.D. and was granted to Thomas Jefferson July 5, 1774 A.D. Erected by The Natural Bridge Chapter of the . . . — Map (db m105821) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — Z-129 — Rockbridge County / Botetourt County
(obverse) Rockbridge County Area 616 Square Miles Formed in 1778 from Augusta and Botetourt, and named for the Natural Bridge. Samuel Houston and Cyrus H. McCormick were born in this county. Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson . . . — Map (db m55788) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Natural Bridge — Saltpetre Cave
During the War of 1812 and the Civil War (1861-1865), earth from this cave was mined for the bird and bat droppings that it contained, to make gunpowder. The earth was saturated with cold water and left in hoppers for a day or two. Once boiled in . . . — Map (db m105826) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Raphine — Cyrus H. McCormickInventor of the Reaper
Cyrus H. McCormick inventor of the reaper was born on this farm, Feb 15, 1809. Here he completed the first practical reaper in 1831 — Map (db m67240) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Raphine — Z-109 — Rockbridge County / Augusta County
Rockbridge County Area 616 Square Miles Formed in 1778 from Augusta and Botetourt, and named for the Natural Bridge. Samuel Houston and Cyrus H. McCormick were born in this county. Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson are buried in Lexington. . . . — Map (db m23760) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Raphine — The Marl Creek Interpretive TrailAt McCormick Farm
Agriculture has changed in the Shenandoah Valley since McCormick’s day. Once known as the “breadbasket of the Confederacy” because of the amount of wheat grown here, the Valley grows very few small grains today. Much of the grain . . . — Map (db m67242) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Raphine — A-51 — Virginia Inventors
A mile and a half northwest, Cyrus H. McCormick perfected, in 1831, the grain reaper. In that vicinity, in 1856, J. A. E. Gibbs devised the chainstitch sewing machine. — Map (db m23762) HM

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