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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Saint Mary Parish Louisiana Historical Markers

 
Southwest Reef Lighthouse Marker image, Touch for more information
May 13, 2005
Southwest Reef Lighthouse Marker
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Berwick — Southwest Reef Lighthouse
Established on September 1, 1859, this lighthouse stood near the entrance to the Atchafalaya Bay on the Gulf Coast of Louisiana. Its design, one of only two built in the United States of this type, is a square pyramid, fully enclosed in boiler . . . — Map (db m86405) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Berwick — Twin City Gospel Temple
Originally the Methodist Episcopal Church. Built in 1886 by sugar cane plantation owenr Capt. John N. Pharr and wife Henrietta. They donated the church building and land to the Methodists in 1899. — Map (db m85752) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Burns — East Cote Blanche BayBurns Point Park — Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail
While deltas east of here are adding land, East Cote Blanche has been retreating due to erosion, subsidence and land loss-issues that are affecting mot of coastal Louisiana.

East Cote Blanche Bay is part of a remnant delta complex that was . . . — Map (db m117217) HM

Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Charenton — Bayou TecheSovereign Nation of the Chitimacha — Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail
According to Chitimacha legend, the imprint of a giant dying snake was left in the soil, and later became the twisty Bayou Teche as it filled in with water.

No one knows exactly how the 125-mile Bayou Teche got its name, but according to one . . . — Map (db m115150) HM

Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Charenton — Chitimacha Veterans' Monument
Chitimacha Veterans' Monument In Honor of All Chitimacha Veterans Who Proudly Served Lest We Forget Qapx Kimaa — Map (db m107961) WM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Cypremort Point — Vermilion BayCypremort Point State Park — Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail
Between Grand Isle and Cameron, Cypremort Point is the only locality near the Gulf of Mexico that can be reached by car.

Cypremort is derived from the French words cyprés (cypress) and mort (dead). This point of land at . . . — Map (db m117214) HM

Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Battle Of Irish BendApril 14, 1863
Also called by the Confederates the battle of Nerson's Woods or Franklin. In the Teche campaign the Federals followed the retreating Confederates from Bisland. Units of the Federal army under Gen. C.C. Grover landed from transports on Grand Lake and . . . — Map (db m85070) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Bayou TecheSoutheast Louisiana Refuges Complex
Overview Bayou Teche is the only National Wildlife Refuge established with the specific mission of protecting and managing a population of bears. Its 9,028 acres preserve habitat for the Louisiana black bear, a federally threatened subspecies of . . . — Map (db m115142)
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Bayou TecheBayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge — Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail
The diverse land along the Bayou Teche provides critical habitat for numerous native species, including the elusive Louisiana black bear.

Bayou Teche is one of the most important bayous in south Louisiana. A former channel of the . . . — Map (db m115184) HM

Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Bayou TecheFranklin Historic District — Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail
At its peak, Franklin was the largest steamboat port on Bayou Teche, a major early transportation route that directly influenced early English settlers here.

Throughout the 1800s, the 125-mile Bayou Teche was the main transportation route . . . — Map (db m115262) HM

Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Belle Isle Salt Mine Memorial
Side A On March 5, 1968 fire broke out in the Belle Isle Salt Mine in St. Mary Parish. Twenty-one men were trapped 1200 feet underground with their only escape engulfed in flames. Coal miners from Kentucky flew in to help with the attempted . . . — Map (db m86598) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Charles Austin O'Niell
Franklin native, Chief Justice Charles A. O’Niell, 1869-1951. On Louisiana Supreme Court bench, 1914-1949. Stamped as one of the state’s immortals for his contributions to law in the United States and the cause of justice and freedom. — Map (db m85067) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Donelson Caffery(1835-1906)
Site of home of Donelson Caffery, courageous soldier of the Confederacy; distinguished lawyer and sugar planter of St. Mary Parish; able and uncompromising member of United States Senate (1892-1901); a most influential figure in the history of . . . — Map (db m85081) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Edward V. Loustalot
. . . — Map (db m123108) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Franklin
Named for Benjamin Franklin in 1800 by founder Alexander 'Guinea' Lewis, town became St. Mary Parish seat in 1811, was incorporated in 1830, served as Teche Country’s port of entry and trade center until coming of railroads in 1870's. — Map (db m85079) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Franklin's Historic Lampposts
The original lampposts and neutral ground project began in 1915 under Mayor Charles Lauve. A 1916 ordinance prohibited chickens from walking on the boulevards, and "Do Not Hitch" appears on each lamppost. On February 22, 2005 a ceremony commemorated . . . — Map (db m85069) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — German Prisoner of War Camp
Located 1 mile west is the site of a W.W. II prisoner-of-war camp. Formerly a 1930s Civilian Conservation Corps camp, the low-security P.O.W. camp opened October 14, 1943. It held captured German soldiers of the Afrikacorps who worked in the area . . . — Map (db m85072) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Jared Young Sanders1869-1944
Governor of Louisiana, 1908-1912. Born Avoca Plantation near Morgan City. Law firm located near Franklin courthouse. Served in Louisiana Legislature and U.S. Congress from Franklin. — Map (db m85066) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Jefferson Davis Louisiana Association
Jefferson F. Davis was born in Kentucky June 3, 1801. In 1810 his family moved to St. Mary Parish settling on Bayou Teche. He graduated West Point, was a hero of The Mexican War, a US Representative, Senator, Secretary of War, and Regent of the . . . — Map (db m86626) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — Murphy James Foster(1849-1921)
Home of Murphy James Foster, prominent St. Mary Parish plantation owner and lawyer of the reconstruction period who served the people of Louisiana with honor and distinction as: Louisiana State Senator (1880-1892) Thirty-first Governor . . . — Map (db m85080) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — St. Mary Parish Confederate Soldiers Monument1861-1865
Front LEST WE FORGET To the CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS St. Mary Parish, Who fought for the honor of their State and Country, This monument is erected. "Mostly they stood the test, Highly they earned their rest." Rear Erected December 1913 By . . . — Map (db m108087) WM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — St. Mary Parish Courthouse War Memorial
Front 1917-1918 1941-1945 IN MEMORIAM Honoring The men and women Of St. Mary Parish Who served our Country in World Wars One and Two And dedicated to the everlasting memory Of those who made the Supreme Sacrifice. Rear 1950-1955 1964-1973 . . . — Map (db m108082) WM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — St. Mary's Episcopal Church
Services since 1830. Firmly organized in 1846 under leadership of Rev. Saml. Geo. Litton. Admitted into union with Diocese of LA. 1847. Rectory built 1855, the first rectory in the Diocese. Original church consecrated 1856 by Rt. Rev. Leonidas Polk, . . . — Map (db m86602) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — The Battle of Irish Bend
Part of the Union advance through La. was known as the Teche Campaign. Union troops of the 4th Division XIX Army Corps tried to halt supplies for Confederate troops coming from Texas. On this site on April 14, 1863 Confederate Major Gen. Richard . . . — Map (db m107909) HM WM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Franklin — The Gunboat Diana
Embedded in the banks of Bayou Teche to the east of this site and visible from here are the boilers of the gunboat Diana. Originally a Federal vessel operating on the lower Teche, it was captured by the Confederates. During the Bisland campaign, . . . — Map (db m85071) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Atchafalaya RiverMr. Charlie Oil Rig — Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail
Because the lower Atchafalaya River is near the Gulf, this area is a popular shipping departure point. But challenges such as combating sedimentation and the close proximity of the three bridges sometimes cause difficulties for river traffic. . . . — Map (db m111892) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Atchafalaya RiverMorgan City Great Wall — Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail
The first Atchafalaya levee or wall constructed in 1946 was 13 feet tall on both sides of the river. Subsequent floods resulted in its redesign and expansion to the current 21-foot-wall, built after the flood on 1973.

The Atchafalaya River, . . . — Map (db m111896) HM

Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Attakapa Militia
The Militia of the Attakapa Region of South Central Louisiana served under Spain’s Governor of the colony, Bernardo de Galvez in his campaigns against the British during the War for American Independence. — Map (db m85733) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Charles MorganBorn Connecticut 1795 Died New York 1878 — Businessman Entrepreneur Philanthropist
Established steamship line in Gulf of Mexico in 1837; Began use of settlement on Berwick Bay as transshipping point for rail-steamer service from New Orleans, Opelousas and Great Western Railroad in 1869: Dredged Atchafalaya Bay ship channel in . . . — Map (db m86701) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Civil War YearsBrashear (Now Morgan City) Louisiana
In November, 1862, town was seized by Federal forces: served as major base for Union Army and Navy operations in Teche Campaigns, staging area for advances against salt works on Avery Island and temporary Confederate state capitol of Opelousas and . . . — Map (db m98424) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Dr. Walter BrashearB. MD. 1776 - D. LA. 1860
Famed as surgeon in KY. 1806. Settled Attakapas, LA. 1809. Became large landowner, sugar planter in St. Mary, serving many years in LA. Legislature. Town of Brashear, now Morgan City, incorporated 1860. — Map (db m85751) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — First Offshore Oil Well
First producing offshore oil well out of sight of land was completed Nov. 14, 1947 in the Gulf of Mexico forty-three miles South of Morgan City, Louisiana 25th Offshore Anniversary, Inc. Chamber of Commerce Morgan City, . . . — Map (db m85679) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Fort Star
Also known as Fort Brashear. Near this site, now occupied by Atkinson Memorial Presbyterian Church, was the larger of two works erected to defend Morgan City, then Brashear City and a Federal military depot. On the night of June 22, 1863, 325 . . . — Map (db m86702) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Lake PalourdeVictor Guarisco Lake End Park — Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail
Lake Palourde covers 11,520 acres and is one of a number of large lakes that once existed within the historic Atchafalaya River Basin's 3-million-acre landscape.

Lake Palourde is just east of Morgan City. The word palourde is French for . . . — Map (db m111812) HM

Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Morgan City
Morgan City began on the site of the Tiger Island Sugar Plantation owned by Dr. Walter Brashear, a prominent surgeon from Kentucky. It was incorporated in 1860 as Brashear City, then renamed Morgan City in February 1876, in honor of Charles . . . — Map (db m111895) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Morgan City Floodwalls
The floodwalls protecting Morgan City were built under the authority of the Mississippi River and Tributaries Project by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers with the assistance of the Atchafalaya Basin Levee District and Morgan City officials. This . . . — Map (db m111807) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Mount Pilgrim Baptist Church
Erected in 1865, after the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation. Freed slaves used the land given by Mr. Olympus Young. Mr. Lawrence, former slave owner, gave the worship bell. Its history is rich with over thirteen ministers sharing . . . — Map (db m98405) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — Sacred Heart Of Jesus Church
In 1859, Father J.J. Claris offered the first mass in Brashear, as Morgan City was called up to the centennial year of the nation. The patron saint originally was St. Justin The Martyr, later St. Clotilda, Queen of France. During the tenure of the . . . — Map (db m86703) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Morgan City — The Governor Jared Young Sanders Memorial Monument
Panel 1 Jared Young Sanders III Born January 29, 1944 on Avoca Plantation Died March 23, 1944 in Baton Rouge. Progress Panel 2 Governor 1908-1912 Congressman 6th District 1917-1921 Good Roads Panel 3 "A Son of Old St. . . . — Map (db m111897) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Patterson — Battle Of Bisland
April 12-13, 1863. General Nathaniel P. Bank’s Union army attacked Gen. Dick Taylor’s Confederate forces entrenched at Fort Bisland. Confederates repulsed each attack, but post evacuated when Union flanking force landed at Irish Bend. — Map (db m85082) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Patterson — Big - Fast - DeadlyF4 Phantom — 1958-1996 (Navy, Air Force, Marines)
This plane’s last flight was into Memphis, TN. It was towed by truck through Memphis to a rock quarry on the Mississippi River. There, it was loaded onto a rock barge and brought to Morgan City. Once there, it was crane lifted off of the barge and . . . — Map (db m93563) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Patterson — Cypress SwampsWedell-Williams Aviation & Cypress Sawmill Museum — Atchafalaya Water Heritage Trail
Like redwoods, cypress trees can live a long time and grow to fantastic sizes. Prior to largescale logging, south Louisiana and the Atchafalaya Basin were full of large stands of giant cypress.

Bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) trees and . . . — Map (db m111970) HM

Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Patterson — Williams Memorial Airport
Here from 1929 until 1936 Harry P. Williams & James R. Wedell, as Wedell-Williams Air Service, designed and built some of the fastest land-based airplanes of their time. "Jimmie" Wedell set many flying records, winning the Bendix & Thompson Trophies. — Map (db m85065) HM
Louisiana (Saint Mary Parish), Sorrel — Sorrel
(English) Site of one of the early ranches along the Old Cattle Route from Mexico to Vacherie on the Miss. Joseph Sorrel, in cattle business from 1750's had land claims of over three thousand acres. (French) . . . — Map (db m86641) HM

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