“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Scurry County Texas Historical Markers

View of marker looking north towards County Road 2121. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, September 16, 2015
View of marker looking north towards County Road 2121.
Texas (Scurry County), Dermott — 1210 — Dermott
  Named for S. P. McDermott, who had crossroads store and was an early postmaster. Began as a community called Dark, 1½ miles northeast. (School in area was named Bookout.) Town moved 1909 to the Roscoe, Snyder & Pacific Railroad. It had a . . . — Map (db m88822) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Fluvanna — 1930 — Fluvanna
Founded 1907 by a realty firm. Named by townsite surveyor, for his native county in Virginia. When Roscoe, Snyder & Pacific Railroad reached this point in Sept. 1909, a 3-day picnic was held. Buildings at Light, Texas, a mile east, were moved . . . — Map (db m110833) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Fluvanna — 1931 — Fluvanna Mercantile Company
Pioneer store noted for its continuous career on original site. Founded in 1915 by D. A. Jones and John A. Stavely, with associated shareholders. Stock--freighted in by Roscoe, Snyder & Pacific Railroad--was typical "general merchandise": clothing, . . . — Map (db m110832) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Fluvanna — 1957 — Former Townsite of Light
Established in 1899, with the granting of a post office, on land owned by D. C. McGregor. The school on "Jumbo" Ranch (in area settled in 1890s) was relocated here and Light began to grow. In 1905 a new, two-room school building was constructed. . . . — Map (db m110831) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Fluvanna — 4788 — Site of First Presbyterian Church of Fluvanna
A vital religious and social institution for early settlers, this church was founded in 1893 by The Rev. W.W. Werner as Deep Creek Congregation. Worshipers met at Jumbo Ranch Schoolhouse (1.5 mi. E) until 1902, then occupied the . . . — Map (db m110829) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Ira — 691 — Campsite of the Marcy Expedition
At a grove of mesquite and wild china trees by a creek near here, Capt. R. B. Marcy's expedition camped Oct. 7, 1849, while blazing the famous Marcy Trail. They saw nothing deadlier than quail and wild turkeys in the area, but the next day, tragedy . . . — Map (db m111759) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Ira — 2648 — Ira
Named for Ira Green, who had a crossroads store near this site. First homes and school were half-dugouts (cellars with windows set above ground level). Post office established 1896. On opening of block 97 to settlers, 1899, area became active farm . . . — Map (db m111758) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Ira — 2679 — J. J. Moore No. 1 Oil Well — (1.4 miles south)
First producing oil well in Scurry County; opened a major West Texas petroleum area. Drilled February to October 1923 by E. I. (Tommy) Thompson, W. W. Lechner and E. E. (Buddy) Fogelson of Loutex Corp., W. A. Reiter located the well. Leon English . . . — Map (db m111757) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 802 — Channel of Deep Creek
Once a spring-fed tributary of the Colorado River; heads and ends within Scurry County. In 1870s it supplied buffalo hunters living in hide-covered half dugouts. "Pete" Snyder's trading post, which eventually grew into the county-seat town of . . . — Map (db m110940) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 893 — City of Snyder
Originally established as a trading post on Deep Creek for buffalo hunters and called "Hide Town," because of many hide tents and dugouts, the city of Snyder takes it name from W. H. (Pete) Snyder, a Dutch trader who established a store here in . . . — Map (db m110939) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1015 — Company G
Composed of National Guardsmen from Scurry County, Company G originally organized and fought in France during World War I. Reorganized in 1924 and mobilized in 1940, Company G was part of the 142nd Infantry of the celebrated 36th Division . . . — Map (db m88848) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1089 — County Named for Texas Confederate William R. Scurry — 1821-1864
Member Secession Convention. As Lt. Colonel 4th Texas Cavalry Regiment, ably commanded forces at Val Verde and Glorieta Canyon battles in Arizona-New Mexico Campaign 1861-62. Promoted Brigadier General. Commanded immediate land attack recapture of . . . — Map (db m110941) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1091 — County's First Law Men
  First sheriff elected when the county was organized, 1884, was W. W. "Uncle Billy" Nelson. He authorized the first "Calaboose" (jail)—a frame structure only 8 x 10 x 8 feet. Uncle Billy resigned after 6 months since cowboys were an . . . — Map (db m88839) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1239 — Dodson House
Built 1883 by a Confederate veteran and pioneer doctor, J. C. Cornelius. Materials came by mule train from railroad at Colorado City. Handmade cabinets, front entrance hall, the 2 fireplaces remain as originally built. Since 1894 owned by . . . — Map (db m110877) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1315 — E. W. Clark House — 1908
Rancher's town home. Social center. Built to endure, with solid brass hardware, beveled glass doors, embossed leather wainscoting. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark – 1964Map (db m111713) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 3802 — Engine No. 5 — Old Roscoe, Snyder & Pacific Railroad
A Baldwin locomotive of the Roscoe, Snyder & Pacific--the railroad that reached here in 1908 with passenger and freight service, and contributed greatly to growth of city and area. This engine (a coal burner converted later to fuel oil) was . . . — Map (db m110878) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1524 — F. J. Grayum Home
In 1909 early day druggist F. J. Grayum built this classical revival style home with Ionic-pillared porches and balconies on the front and east side. The double masonry walls and two-inch thick floors show quality workmanship with solid brass . . . — Map (db m111714) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1677 — First Baptist Church of Snyder
Founded in May, 1883, one year before Scurry County was organized, this pioneer institution helped pave the way for modern Baptist worship in the area. It was originally named Bledsoe Baptist Church, in honor of John S. Bledsoe, one of the founders. . . . — Map (db m111708) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1702 — First Christian Church
Organized in 1898 with eight charter member families: Messrs. and Mmes. W. T. Baze, A. D. Dodson, F. M. German, W. B. Stanfield, I. W. Wasson, A. C. Wilmeth; Mlles. Clare Dodson, Lola Morris; and Mrs. Nannie German. First building was erected . . . — Map (db m111754) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1744 — First Methodist Church
Organized July, 1883 at Brush Arbor Revival on Ennis Creek, 10 miles N.E. of Snyder. First one-room church built on land donated by T. N. Nunn Family in 1889. Used until 1920 when congregation could no longer be accommodated. Then . . . — Map (db m111483) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1820 — First Presbyterian Church
Organized June 13, 1892, as the First Cumberland Presbyterian Church, by The Rev. W.W. Werner, with seven charter members. In 1906 original church body joined the Abilene Presbytery, Presbyterian Church, U.S.A. Congregation moved from . . . — Map (db m111488) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 1870 — First State Bank Building
  Erected 1907-08 on site where trail of U.S. Cavalry Gen. Ranald MacKenzie ran parallel to Deep Creek. Built for First State Bank & Trust Co., early day cattlemen and ranchers' bank; closed during 1931 Depression year.   Has since housed . . . — Map (db m88846) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 2272 — Greene Springs and Site of Archeological Discoveries — (1.5 miles southwest)
Located at a place occupied by man for centuries, these springs compose the first, live (running) water that flows into the South Fork of the Clear Fork of the Brazos River. The waters, which collect in large potholes in a sandstone formation, have . . . — Map (db m128760) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 2519 — Home County of Famous Frontiersman J. Wright Mooar — (August 10, 1851 - May 1, 1940)
  Champion hunter of buffalo—largest game animal in North America. Born in Vermont; came west at 19. Began hunting in 1870 to supply hides for market.   In partnership with his brother, John W. Mooar, in 1873 established first . . . — Map (db m88842) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 2520 — Home County of Famous Frontiersmen J. Wright Mooar — (August 10, 1851 - May 1, 1940)
  J. Wright Mooar was a champion hunter of buffalo, largest game animal in North America. A native of Vermont. He came west at age 19 and in 1870 began hunting to supply hides for market. In partnership with his brother, John W. Mooar, he . . . — Map (db m88824) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 3633 — O. P. "Pack" Wolf — (1857-1927)
Born in Burnet County. Served as city marshal of Snyder, 1906-1926. Brought organized law to railroad and land boom era. Also served as Special Texas Ranger. Donor of Wolf Park. Never backed down from fight; creed was "Law and Order". — Map (db m110882) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 3813 — Old Snyder Graveyard
Formerly state land until common usage established it as a cemetery in 1880's. Legend says first burial was an Indian. Early-day transients were often buried in unmarked graves. Tract closed to further burials, 1902. Many bodies have been moved . . . — Map (db m110880) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — Quanah Parker
The last major Native American warrior of the great Plains, was the son of Comanche Chief Peta Nocona and Cynthia Ann Parker, a white woman kidnapped in a Comanche raid. His tribe was one of the last to come into the U.S. Reservation system. Quanah, . . . — Map (db m111756) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4153 — R. L. McMullan Home
Two-room house built in 1885 by Dr. A. O. Scarborough. Moved to present site in 1889; enlarged. Snyder's first telephone installed in house; first greenhouse (half-dugout with glass) built in yard. Bought by R. L. McMullan in 1902; preserved . . . — Map (db m110901) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4346 — Roscoe, Snyder & Pacific Railroad Company
  Established through efforts of Gen. F. W. James, Abilene banker and developer. Winfield S. James, a son, directed construction. While the James' were founders, H.O. Wooten, originally a Vice President and for decades owner of controlling . . . — Map (db m88852) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4582 — Santa Fe Railway in Scurry County
In 1909, when rail service was vital to economic growth, Scurry County had one line (the Roscoe, Snyder & Pacific) but lacked connections to distant markets. Local residents backed C. W. Post of Garza County who gave $50,000 to attract the . . . — Map (db m88836) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4618 — Scurry County
Formed from Young and Bexar territories Created • Organized August 21, 1876 • June 28, 1884 Named in honor of General William R. Scurry 1821-1864 member of the last Texas Congress A distinguished officer in the Confederate . . . — Map (db m110943) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4619 — Scurry County Courthouse Site and Building
  Seat of justice for Scurry County, created 1876 and organized 1884. Local landholders--R. H. Allen, Fred Barnard, R. H. Looney, C. C. McGinnis, C. H. McGinnis, T. N. Nunn, W. H. Snyder and H. A. Travekes--donated lots in center of town for . . . — Map (db m88850) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4620 — Scurry County Jail of 1912
In 1911 the commissioners court of Scurry County presented plans for a new jail, since the two previous jail houses (built in 1884 and 1886) had proven insufficient for the county's needs. Land at this site was purchased with bond money, and the . . . — Map (db m111710) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4621 — Scurry County's Billionth Barrel of Oil
  Petroleum discoveries in this county began in 1923, with recovery of oil in the San Andres Formation—eventually penetrated by over 2,000 shallow wells.   In late 1948, rigs drilling deeper than 6,000 feet tapped the Canyon Reef . . . — Map (db m88825) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4622 — Scurry County's Canyon Reef Oil Field
  Attracted international attention by size and engineering achievements. During 1948 four widely dispersed wells penetrated the Canyon Reef Formation at depth of 6,500 feet. Soon more than 2,000 wells defined gigantic fields which contained an . . . — Map (db m88844) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4843 — Site of O.K. Wagon Yard — (Formerly on Jackass Avenue)
Stopping place for travelers in early 1900s. Rented rooms and horse stalls for two bits (25 ’) each. Provided blacksmithing and harness repair and kept a horse, Jersey Bull, and a "Missouri Jack" (donkey) as stud animals. With right contact here, a . . . — Map (db m110902) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4883 — Site of Sanitarium of Alonzo Orrin Scarborough — Pioneer Doctor — (1860-1952) —
  Born in DeWitt County. Moved to Snyder in 1881 and worked on ranch as a horse trainer. Soon began "reading" medicine and started practice here in 1886.   Received M.D. degree from the Kentucky School of Medicine in 1889. During his . . . — Map (db m88834) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4891 — Site of Store of William Henry "Pete" Snyder
  Adventurer, Civil War veteran, whose career included mining Colorado gold, building railroads in Kansas, hauling freight and buffalo hides in Texas; opened Snyder's first trading post, 1878. Built of lumber hauled from Ft. Worth in ox-wagons . . . — Map (db m88832) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4897 — Site of The MacKenzie Trail
  Following the Civil War, the Texas frontier pushed westward, giving rise to renewed hostilities as the white man once again invaded Indian lands.   Foremost in the campaign to calm the frontier was Col. Ranald S. MacKenzie, who blazed . . . — Map (db m88835) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 16638 — Snyder Cemetery
Established 1891 Historic Texas Cemetery-2001 — Map (db m110881) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 4971 — Snyder National Bank
  In 1890 F. J. Grayum began the Snyder Bank, a private institution, in his drugstore on the south side of the square. Although Snyder had no railroad and goods were shipped on wagons from Colorado City (25 mi. S), W. A. Fuller, a wealthy . . . — Map (db m88851) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 5175 — T. J. Faught — (April 22, 1847-August 2, 1912)
Settled in 1879 as a rancher in northeast Scurry County. In 1884, six months after county organization, the first sheriff resigned in disgust. Faught was appointed, serving remainder of that term plus three more. As sheriff, he never wore a gun. . . . — Map (db m110884) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 5293 — The Block 97 Controversy
Notorious county land dispute arising from state practice of paying railroads in public land for trackage laid. Began in 1873 when Houston & Texas Central claimed, in error, some 300,000 acres of Block 97 which were in reserve for Texas & Pacific. . . . — Map (db m110855) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 5404 — The Prairie Dog — (Cynomys Ludovicianus)
Small burrowing rodent once symbolic of Old West. Estimates once placed Texas population in billions. Prairie dogs were so named because of their quick sharp barking and wagging tails. A vegetarian mammal related to the squirrel and ground . . . — Map (db m111755) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 5405 — The Press in Snyder
  The "Scurry County Citizen", published by A. C. Wilmeth before 1887, was first of 8 different nameplates (under 39 owners) to print in Snyder. "Coming West", founded by Dick Lively, began publication in 1887, followed by the "News", "Western . . . — Map (db m88837) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 16902 — Towle House
Dr. H. G. and Mary (Ruddick) Towle married in Colorado City in 1905, moving to Snyder to open a jewelry and optical store. The Towles bought this lot in 1908 and had this two-story brick house with full basement built in 1912. The house has colonial . . . — Map (db m111711) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 5662 — Von Roeder Cotton Breeding Farms
Pioneer cotton breeders; aides to world fiber market, economy. Clemens Von Roeder, born 1888 in Austin County, moved 1907 to Scurry County. As farmer began use of mutations, 1923, produced a long staple, big boll cotton; later added strains to . . . — Map (db m110853) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 5881 — Witness Tree
Used in early land surveys to indicate boundaries. Historical marker in on library grounds across street. — Map (db m110903) HM
Texas (Scurry County), Snyder — 5880 — Witness Tree
Across the street, 100 feet north of this site, is the stump of a hackberry used in early land surveys as a "witness" tree. By Texas custom (based on Spanish law), at least 2 objects were used to witness land boundaries, measured in varas, cordels, . . . — Map (db m110904) HM

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