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Shenandoah County Virginia Historical Markers

 
Civil War Action in Edinburg Marker and Nearby Plaque for Turner Ashby's Command image, Touch for more information
By Linda Walcroft, September 23, 2009
Civil War Action in Edinburg Marker and Nearby Plaque for Turner Ashby's Command
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Edinburg — AB-2 — Civil War Action in Edinburg
During Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's 1862 Valley campaign, Confederate Col. Turner Ashby's cavalry and Chew's Battery halted Union Maj Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks's steady advance southward. Ashby engaged Union forces 28 times in April along . . . — Map (db m23017) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Edinburg — Edinburg MillSaved During “The Burning” — 1864 Valley Campaign
In 1850, George P. Grandstaff announced the opening of the large water-powered grist mill here nearly two years after construction began. This large facility competed with the Whissen Mill also on Stony Creek nearer the center of Edinburg. These two . . . — Map (db m25382) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Edinburg — The Stony Creek Line“We Shelled the Yanks and the Yanks Shelled Us” — 1862 Valley Campaign
On March 28, 1862, just 2 days after his appointment to serve as cartographer on the staff of Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, Jedediah Hotchkiss reported the Valley Army’s position at Narrow Passage Creek (four miles north of here) . . . — Map (db m25375) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Edinburg — The Stover - McGinnis House“Make Me a Map of the Valley” — 1862 Valley Campaign
March 26, 1862: “In the morning our battalion was ordered back to Narrow Passage, … near the rest of the army. Hd. Qrs. were established at Miss Stover’s, in the stone house, near Narrow Passage Creek. Soon after we reached camp, Gen. . . . — Map (db m22746) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Battle of Fisher’s Hill“Indications were ominous” — 1864 Valley Campaign
The Union victory at the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19, 1864, affected the moods of both armies as they prepared to face each other at Fisher’s Hill. Union Lt. John M. Gould Wrote, “I marched down that road [toward Fisher’s Hill] . . . — Map (db m88614) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Battle of Fisher's Hill
September 22, 1864 General Philip Sheridan with 30,000 Federals defeated General Jubal Early with 11,000 Confederates. Driven in route from Winchester September 19, by Sheridan's overpowering numbers, Early formed his line of battle across the . . . — Map (db m4139) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — A-23 — Battle of Fisher's Hill
Here Early's Adjutant-General, A.S. Pendleton, while attempting to check Sheridan's advance, was mortally wounded, September 22, 1864. — Map (db m4143) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — A-22 — Battle of Fisher's Hill
After his defeat on 19 Sept. 1864 at the Third Battle of Winchester by Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early led his 9,500-man army here to Fisher's Hill, a favorite Confederate stronghold. Sheridan pursued, and on 22 Sept. attacked . . . — Map (db m50313) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher’s HillPegram’s Division Collapses — 1864 Valley Campaign
As Ramseur’s division gave way under the weight of the Federal attack, Gen. Jubal A. Early arrived on the high ground in front of you on the opposite side of present-day Interstate 81 to organize a defense. He first decided to redeploy Gen. . . . — Map (db m88615) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher’s Hill“To give up all hope”—Confederate Left Disintegrates — 1864 Valley Campaign
Fearing for the ability of Battle’s brigade to Withstand Crook’s assault, Ramseur ordered Gen. William R. Cox’s North Carolina brigade to form on Battle’s left flank to your left. As Cox, regarded as one of the finest-dressed men in the . . . — Map (db m88617) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher’s Hill“Examples of energetic courage” — 1864 Valley Campaign
As Crook’s corps encountered small-arms fire from Gen. Cullen A. Battle’s brigade and the canister from the Amherst and Fluvanna batteries, a handful of Federals halted for a moment or turned and attempted to run. Enraged, Crook gathered an . . . — Map (db m88618) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher’s Hill“Close up! On your life!”—Gen. Battle’s Defense — 1864 Valley Campaign
As Gen. George Crook’s corps struck the Confederate left flank, Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur responded quickly. He reformed Gen. Cullen A. Battle’s Alabama infantry brigade on the high ground on the opposite side of the ravine in front of you so . . . — Map (db m88619) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher’s HillCrook’s Flanking Movement — 1864 Valley Campaign
During a council of war on September 20, 1864, Gen. George Crook suggested to Gen. Philip H. Sheridan that the best way to break the Confederate position at Fisher’s Hill would be to attack Early’s western (left) flank. Sheridan agreed. . . . — Map (db m88620) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher’s HillThe Fight for the “Bull Pens” — 1864 Valley Campaign
To strengthen Fisher’s Hill’s defenses, Confederate skirmishers from Confederate Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur’s division took up positions on the ridge in front of you and constructed “bull pens”— makeshift structures of fence rails . . . — Map (db m88621) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher’s HillRamseur and Grimes Disagree — 1864 Valley Campaign
You are standing near the extreme left flank of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s army’s thinly stretched line of infantry guarded by Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur’s division. Throughout the day on September 22, 1864, Confederate observers utilized . . . — Map (db m88622) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher's HillConfederate Gibraltar — 1864 Valley Campaign
This is Fisher's Hill, the Shenandoah Valley's "Gibraltar"—a commanding height that offered Confederate forces a superb defensive position. Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's beaten and bloodied army filed into position here on September . . . — Map (db m4169) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher's HillUnion Flank Attack — 1864 Valley Campaign
You are standing behind the extreme left flank of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's thinly stretched infantry line. At 4 p.m. on September 22, 1864, the soldiers here found themselves wrapped in a deadly pocket of Federal fire. Union Gen. Philip . . . — Map (db m4170) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher's Hill BattlefieldVeteran's Picnic Grounds
Soon after the end of the Civil War, veterans on both sides began holding reunions to walk the familiar battlegrounds and renew friendships with former comrades. Here at Fisher's Hill, veterans of the battle fought on September 22, 1864, started . . . — Map (db m4146) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — The Battle of Fishers Hill
. . . — Map (db m4138) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Valley PikeTumbling Run Near Fisher's Hill
1864 Valley Campaign Here on Tumbling Run are the remains of the "Old Pike" stone bridge. The Valley Turnpike Company was chartered in 1838 as a joint-stock corporation. The turnpike followed the route of the Great Wagon Road from Philadelphia . . . — Map (db m4171) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Forestville — AB-3 — Andrew Zirkle Mill
Built in the 1750s by the Zirkel brothers and owned by the Revolutionary War patriot Andrew Zirkle, the mill operated for 180 years. Flour milled here went to Boston when the harbor was blockaded after the Boston Tea Party and to the Continental . . . — Map (db m5276) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fort Valley — Birthplace of the CCCCamp Roosevelt, NF-1
The Army with Shovels. By 1933, the Great Depression had demoralized the nation. Millions of young men were unemployed and families were starving. On March 9, 1933 Franklin Delano Roosevelt created the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Its . . . — Map (db m10158) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fort Valley — Blacksmith Shop
Each CCC Camp had a blacksmith shop where they forged and repaired tools. Items such as fireplace tools, hinges or lantern poles were crafted for use in the camp. In 1940 the CCC printed an educational handbook called Blacksmithing. Unit No. Hand . . . — Map (db m94568) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fort Valley — Camp Barracks
Camp Roosevelt, NF-1 had six military style barracks where enrollees slept on iron cots. Each barracks held 48 young, poor and previously unemployed men. This is the site of Barracks A. — Map (db m65483) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fort Valley — Fort Valley Church of God in Christ Jesus1878            1949 — Seven Fountains Virginia
This building was erected in the year of Our Lord nineteen hundred and forty-nine by the Brethren of the Church of God in Christ Jesus, organized November 2, 1878 at Dry Run Meeting House. It was dedicated to God by Elder G. E. Marsh on July . . . — Map (db m102476) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fort Valley — Mess HallCamp Roosevelt, NF-1
Good and plentiful food was a rare treat for many Americans during the Great Depression. The Mess Hall served over 200 men a day and enrollees gained an average of 15 pounds during their stay. In addition to regular meals, the Mess Hall was a hub of . . . — Map (db m65739) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fort Valley — Robert Fechner Memorial Forest
"By virtue of the authority vested in me as president of the United States...the Massanutten Unit of George Washington National Forest is hereby designated as the Robert Fechner Memorial Forest in honor of Robert Fechner, the first director of the . . . — Map (db m65487) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fort Valley — When Pig Iron was King
The Elizabeth Furnace Cabin This cabin is one of the few wooden structures remaining from the early 1800s when Elizabeth Furnace was active and pig iron was king. In its heyday, Elizabeth Furnace pig iron supported an entire community. The . . . — Map (db m3102) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — A-68 — McNeill’s Last Charge
In the predawn darkness of 3 Oct. 1864, Capt. John Hanson McNeill led thirty of his Partisan Rangers, including local resident Joseph I. Triplett, against a hundred-man detachment of the 8th Ohio Cavalry Regiment that was guarding the Meems Bottom . . . — Map (db m789) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — AB-1 — Meem’s Bottom Covered Bridge
Built in 1892 by Franklin Hiser Wissler to provide access to his apple orchards at Strathmore Farms, this is the longest remaining covered bridge in Virginia. a 200-foot single span, located one-half mile northwest, the bridge is a Burr Truss . . . — Map (db m559) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — Meem's Bottom Covered Bridge
The longest remaining covered bridge in Virginia, 200 feet in a single span supported by the Burr Arch, was built by Franklin H. Wissler in 1892-93. It is Virginia's only covered bridge open to vehicular traffic. Placed on the Virginia Landmark . . . — Map (db m73822) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — A-86 — Mount Jackson
This area was a Native American hunting territory before settlers of European descent arrived early in the 18th century. Fertile land and powerful streams supported an agricultural and milling economy. In 1826 the Virginia General Assembly . . . — Map (db m108888) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — Mount Jackson General Hospital, CSAShenandoah at War — Valley Campaigns
In September 1861, the Confederate Medical Department built a large general hospital on this site because Mt. Jackson was the western terminus of the Manassas Gap Railroad which provided access to northern Virginia battlefields. Dr. Andrew Russell . . . — Map (db m73783) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — Mt. Jackson General Hospital, CSAShenandoah at War — Valley Campaigns
In September 1861, the Confederate Medical Department built a large general hospital on this site because Mt. Jackson was the western terminus of the Manassas Gap Railroad, which provided access to northern Virginia battlefields. Dr. Andrew Russell . . . — Map (db m59443) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — A-65 — Our Soldiers’ Cemetery
The Mount Jackson Confederate Hospital’s Cemetery, now called Our Soldiers Cemetery, was dedicated on May 10, 1866 the third anniversary of Stonewall Jackson’s death. The “Memorial and Decoration Day” organized by the local ladies was . . . — Map (db m787) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — A-66 — The Confederate Hospital
The Confederate hospital was built here under the direction of Dr. Andrew Russell Meem, by order of the Confederate Medical Department in Sept. 1861. The hospital consisted of three two-story buildings, each 150 feet long, accommodating 500 . . . — Map (db m786) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — The Confederate Hospital
The Confederate Hospital was established at Mount Jackson under the direction of Dr. Andres Russell Meem by order of the Confederate Medical Department in Richmond, Virginia about September 15, 1861. Dr. Meem, a native of the area, was a graduate of . . . — Map (db m11696) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — To All Confederates
Erected by Mount Jackson Chapter of the U.D.C. —May—   —1903— "Ne'er braver bled for a brighter land, Nor brighter land had a cause so grand". "Nor shall your glory be forgot While fame her record . . . — Map (db m73786) WM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Mount Jackson — Union Church - Circa 1825
Built through the efforts of Mrs. William Steenbergen, the church has served as a meeting place for Mt. Jackson churches. The cemetery represents a history of the town and its early citizens. Daniel Grey, a Revolutionary War soldier, is buried in . . . — Map (db m651) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — “Good-bye, Lieutenant, I am killed.”Woodson’s Missouri Cavalry in the Battle of New Market
In front of you is one of only two monuments erected by veterans of the battle. This one was placed by members of Woodson’s Company of Missouri Cavalry. The unit followed perhaps the strangest path to this field of conflict. Captured in Mississippi . . . — Map (db m13197) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — 54th Pennsylvania Monument
Erected to the memory of the heroic dead of the 54th Regiment, Pennsylvania Veterans Volunteer Infantry, who gave their lives in defence of their country. 1861–1865. (brass tablet at base) At ceremonies conducted 16 September 1984, . . . — Map (db m42449) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A Genuine Relic
This very post was struck by a 3 inch rifle shell fired by Snow’s Maryland Battery in the Battle of New Market fought between General John C. Breckinridge and General Franz Sigel on the 15th of May 1864. When the shell struck, General Breckinridge . . . — Map (db m557) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Baptism of FireVMI Cadet Casualties in the Battle of New Market
While the cadets of the Virginia Military Institute comprised one of the smallest Confederate units engaged in the Battle of New Market, they paid a disproportionately high price in their baptism of fire. Nearly one in four of the cadets were either . . . — Map (db m13186) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Battle of New Market
May 15, 1864. General U.S. Grant's plan to defeat the Confederacy in 1864 called for a raid by General G. Crook into southwestern Virginia. General F. Sigel, to keep the Confederates from concentrating against Crook, was to advance down Shenandoah . . . — Map (db m553) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A-28 — Battle of New Market
On the hills to the north took place the Battle of New Market, May 15, 1864. The Union army, under General Franz Sigel, faced southwest. John C. Breckinridge, once Vice-President of the United States, commanded the Confederates. Colonel Scott Shipp . . . — Map (db m554) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A-26 — Cavalry Engagement
On 15 Nov. 1863, Col. William H. Boyd reconnoitered with a Federal cavalry and artillery detachment south from Charlestown (in present-day W.Va.) toward New Market. The next day, the force encountered Maj. Robert White’s cavalry command just north . . . — Map (db m835) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Died on the Field of Honor..."Gravestones of VMI Cadets
Of the 257 cadets from Virginia Military Institute who fought in the Battle of New Market, ten were either killed outright or later died of their wounds. Their legacy of service and sacrifice has inspired each successive generation of cadets. Since . . . — Map (db m39855) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — DuPont at Rude’s Hill“I had to depend entirely upon myself ... ” — 1864 Valley Campaign
Here Capt. Henry DuPont, commanding B Battery, 5th U.S. Artillery, protected Union Gen. Franz Sigel’s defeated army as it retreated after the Battle of New Market on May 15, 1864. Confederate Gen. John C. Breckinridge had routed Sigel’s . . . — Map (db m838) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A-36 — Fairfax Line
Here ran the southwestern boundary of Lord Fairfax’s vast land grant, The Northern Neck. It was surveyed by Peter Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson’s father, and others in 1746. — Map (db m652) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Gen. John Sevier1745-1815
Frontiersman - famed Indian fighter - Revolutionary patriot - Co-Commander Battle of King's Mountain - first Governor of Tennessee and six times Governor - first Congressman west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Founder of New Market, Va in 1765. His . . . — Map (db m11698) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Heroism in DefeatCaptain Henry A. DuPont and Sergeant James M. Burns
The main Union line of battle extended from here for one-half mile to the Valley Turnpike, now U.S. 11. Throughout the morning and into the afternoon, the Union force exchanged musket and cannon fire with the Confederates, who had advanced over a . . . — Map (db m13203) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — In Memory of General Robert E. Lee
In memory of General Robert E. Lee and in commemoration of General "Stonewall" Jackson's march with his 17,000 famous foot cavalry across Massannutten Mountain to the Battles of Front Royal and Winchester, May 21, 1862. This tablet erected May . . . — Map (db m118638) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Jackson in New MarketStonewall at the Strayer House — 1862 Valley Campaign
(preface) Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackon's unsuccessful attack on Union forces at Kernstown on March 23, 1862, alarmed Federal officials, who assigned additional troops to the Shenandoah Valley to guard against a Confederate assault on . . . — Map (db m118879) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Jackson’s 2nd Corps EstablishedStonewall Dons a New Uniform
Having remained with his command in the vicinity of Winchester since the Battle of Sharpsburg/Antietam, by November 22, 1862, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was again on the march. With more than 32,000 soldiers, Jackson’s . . . — Map (db m16453) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — New Market Battlefield Park
has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark pursuant to the authority vested in the Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Act of 1966 [ Lower Marker : ] This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic . . . — Map (db m58953) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Z-125 — Page County / Shenandoah County
Page County. Area 322 square miles. Formed in 1831 from Shenandoah and Rockingham, and named for John Page, Governor of Virginia, 1802–1805. Luray cave is here. Shenandoah County. Area 510 square miles. Formed in 1772 from . . . — Map (db m791) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A-69 — Post-Appomattox Tragedy
On 22 May 1865, after the Civil War ended. Capt. George W. Summers, Sgt. I. Newton Koontz, and two other armed veterans of Co. D, 7th Virginia Cavalry, robbed six Federal cavalrymen of their horses near Woodstock. The horses were returned the . . . — Map (db m15903) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Z-178 — Rockingham County / Shenandoah County
Rockingham County. Area 876 square miles. Formed in 1778 from Augusta, and named for the Marquis of Rockingham, British statesman. John Sevier, of Tennessee, was born in this county. In it took place the battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic, . . . — Map (db m653) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Rude’s Hill
Stonewall Jackson’s camp ground April 2–16, 1862; his headquarters at the foot of this hill. Colonel John Francis Neff, Commander 33rd Regiment, Stonewall Brigade, born and buried near here. — Map (db m740) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Rude’s HillKnoll of Refuge and Attack — 1864 Valley Campaign
The spring of 1864 opened with United States forces pressing Confederate armies defending fronts scattered throughout the Confederacy. Union Gen. Franz Sigel was assigned the task of securing the Shenandoah Valley; always one of the Civil War’s most . . . — Map (db m17327) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A-27 — Rude’s Hill Action
Rude’s Hill was reached by two divisions of Sheridan’s Union cavalry following the Confederate General Jubal A. Early, on November 22, 1864. Early promptly took position on the hill to oppose them. The cavalry, charging across the flats, were . . . — Map (db m50317) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Rude's HillJackson at Rude’s Hill — 1962 Valley Campaign
This old house photographed during the early 20th century and still standing about 600 yards north on the west side of the Valley Pike, was occupied at the beginning of the Civil War by a Lutheran minister, Rev. Anders R. Rude. Gen. Thomas J. . . . — Map (db m836) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A-34 — Sevier’s Birthplace
Near here was born John Sevier, pioneer and soldier, September 23, 1745. He was a leader in the Indian Wars and the Battle of King’s Mountain, 1780. He was the only governor of the short-lived state of Franklin and the first governor of Tennessee. . . . — Map (db m654) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — The Battle of New Market
The Battle of New Market was fought here Sunday morning, May 15, 1864. The Confederates under Gen. J. C. Breckinridge were victorious over the Federals under Gen. Franz Sigel. The decisive incident of the battle was the heroic capture of the Federal . . . — Map (db m551) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — The Battle of New MarketMay 15, 1864 — 1864 Valley Campaign
In the spring of 1864, Union Gen. Franz Sigel marched his 10,000-man army south through the Shenandoah Valley as part of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s strategy to attack the Confederacy on several fronts simultaneously. To counter this threat, Gen. John . . . — Map (db m25400) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — The Bloody Cedars"Which was done with alacrity and spirit." — 1864 Valley Campaign
As the Battle of New Market unfolded on May 15, 1864, Confederate troops under Gen. John C. Breckinridge heavily assaulted the left flank of Union Gen. Franz Sigel's army. Sigel counterattacked with Gen. Julius Stahel's cavalry, which charged down . . . — Map (db m39856) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — The Bushong FarmCaught in the Crossfire
On June 22, 1791, Henry Bushong patented a 260-acre tract in Shenandoah County that would be home for several generations of his descendants. Henry’s son, Jacob married Sarah Strickler in 1818. They took up residence in a four-room log house and . . . — Map (db m13193) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — The Henkel House — Historic New Market
The Henkel house is another historic home. The brick part was built by Dr. Solomon Henkel, physician and druggist, in 1802. The wooden front part and two rooms upstairs were added by his son, Dr. Solon P.C. Henkel in 1855. A metal plate nailed on . . . — Map (db m89113) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — The Old Home of William F. Rupp
The old home of William F. Rupp who was one of the Valley's most skilled fresco painters. In the Rupp house also lived George M. Neese, the author of “Three Years in the Confederate Horse Artillery.” Descendants still own and occupy the . . . — Map (db m558) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — The Shirley HouseA Legacy of Service
In 1875, Confederate veteran Christian Shirley constructed this brick house on the site of his family's former home, which had burned two years earlier. The Shirleys were longtime residents of Shenandoah County who had farmed their 153 ares since . . . — Map (db m7346) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — The Summers & Koontz Executions"Try to meet me in Heaven"
On May 22, 1865, former Confederate Captain George W. Summers, Sgt. Isaac Newton Koontz, Pvt. Jacob Daniel Koontz, and Pvt. Andrew Jackson Kite (all from the 7th Virginia Cavalry) set out from their Page County homes to obtain their paroles. Near . . . — Map (db m104813) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — This Rustic Pile
  This rustic pile The simple tale will tell: It marks the spot Where Woodson’s Heroes fell.Map (db m544) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Thomas Garland Jefferson
. . . — Map (db m118581) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Quicksburg — A-71 — Action at Mill Creek
During the Civil War, Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan began “The Burning” of mills and barns in the Shenandoah Valley on 6 Oct. 1864, after defeating Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early at the Battle of Fisher's Hill. After passing . . . — Map (db m42645) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — A-24 — Banks’ Fort
The earthworks on the hilltop to the southwest were constructed by General Banks in the campaign of 1862. — Map (db m662) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — A-21 — Battle of Cedar Creek
The breaking of this bridge in the evening of October 19, 1864 permitted Sheridan to retake most of the material captured in the morning by Early. — Map (db m3461) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Cedar CreekStrategic Crossing — 1864 Valley Campaign
When Gen. U.S. Grant came East to assume command of all Union forces in 1864, he ordered Gen. Franz Sigel to seize control of the Valley. As Sigel moved south along the Valley Turnpike, Confederates on May 9, 1864, burned the bridge here delaying . . . — Map (db m636) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Cedar CreekStrategic Crossing — 1862 Valley Campaign
Just west of modern route 11 is the Daniel Stickley Farm. The ruins of the Stickley Mills are located beside the creek just below the house. During the war, the Valley Turnpike ran past the brick Stickley house and turned right onto a covered bridge . . . — Map (db m644) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Civil War StrasburgStrategic Intersection
The railroad tracks before you follow the route of the Manassas Gap Railroad, which reached Strasburg from Washington, D.C., in 1854. The line was a vital link between the Shenandoah Valley and eastern markets. Strasburg became strategically . . . — Map (db m2323) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Field Fortifications
Those earthworks were built in October 1864 by the 2nd Division, VIth U.S. Corps under the supervision of its adjutant general, Capt. Hazard Stevens. The crescent shaped positions, called "lunettes" because of their resemblance to a new moon, were . . . — Map (db m3445) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — A-55 — Fort Bowman
The stone house to the south is Fort Bowman, or Harmony Hall, built about 1753 for George Bowman who emigrated from Pennsylvania in 1731-1732. The house is an important example of the Pennsylvania German influence on Shenandoah Valley architecture. . . . — Map (db m594) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Frontier FortThe Old Hupp Homestead
This Frontier Fort stands in mute evidence of that early American history that has gone before us. It was built around the year 1755, and it was home of one of the first settlers to the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. Built at a time when the early . . . — Map (db m660) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — A-20 — Frontier Fort
This house, built about 1755, is the old Hupp Homestead. It was used as a fort in Indian attacks. — Map (db m661) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Historic StrasburgStop #4
The Town Run is to your right. One source of the stream comes from a spring several blocks north at Hupp's Homestead. Bruce Hupp had his commercial watercress beds there. Often he boarded the train at Strasburg Depot in the morning, delivered his . . . — Map (db m3458) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — 10 — Historic StrasburgStop # 10
South Holliday Street did not extend beyond the top of the hill until the river bridge was constructed in 1970. The North Fork of the Shenandoah River has always been a vital part of Strasburg. Today it is the town's main water supply. Early . . . — Map (db m73936) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — 7 — Historic StrasburgStop # 7
Queen Street originally the main road through Strasburg, used by wagons, stagecoaches and travelers up and down the Valley. For many years the road was known as the Great Road, but before white settlers, it was a trail through the vast hunting . . . — Map (db m73937) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — 5 — Historic StrasburgStop # 5
The Strasburg Depot sat one block north on Fort Street (for many years known as Depot St.). Notice where the road veers left then right again and up the hill. A modest passenger station was located there. Longtime residents may remember the 7:35 . . . — Map (db m74070) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Hupp’s Hill
Part of a 1,000 acre estate begun by George F. Hupp in the 1750s. Hupp's Hill and buildings further south were used as a headquarters by federal generals Nathaniel Banks and James Shields during Stonewall Jackson's 1862 Valley Campaign. The site was . . . — Map (db m50441) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Hupp's HillThe Battle of Hupp's Hill or Stickley's Farm — 1864 Valley Campaign
During mid-October 1864, Union Gen. Philip Sheridan's army was camped along the north bank of Cedar Creek, confident his Valley campaign had successfully ended following smashing victories at Winchester, Fishers Hill and Toms Brook. But the . . . — Map (db m3045) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Saint Paul’s Lutheran Church
Historic valley congregation, strasburg's oldest, organized by German settlers (c.1747) who first worshiped in log building just west of this site. Parish records date from 1769. Strasburg's first school conducted by the congregation and its . . . — Map (db m3468) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Samuel Kercheval17-- - 1845
Author of History of The Valley of Virginia 1st Edition Printed in Winchester 1833 Born Frederick County now Clarke County He is buried here in the Bowman Graveyard Harmony Hall This Plaque erected to his memory by the Shenandoah County . . . — Map (db m36723) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Z-247 — Shenandoah County / Warren County
(East Facing Side): Shenandoah County Area 510 Square Miles Formed in 1772 from Frederick, and first named Dunmore for Lord Dunmore, Governor of Virginia, 1771-1775. In 1778 the county was renamed for the Shenandoah River. (West . . . — Map (db m4297) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Signal KnobKey Observation Post
Signal Knob, the northernmost point of Three Top Mountain, overlooks Strasburg and is 2110 ft. above sea level. During the Civil War, both sides used it as a signal station, but the Confederate signal corps occupied it almost continuously from 1862 . . . — Map (db m15176) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Stoner-Keller House & Mill1847    1772
Has been designated a Virginia Historic Landmark And placed on the National Register Of Historic Places — Map (db m102472) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — Stonewall’s SurpriseBanks’s Fort
In the spring of 1862, U.S. Army Capt. Edward Hunt, an engineer, constructed a fortification on the hill where the Strasburg water tower now stands. Hunt selected the hill "because it had an effective command over the roads, the railroad, and the . . . — Map (db m9546) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — The Great Train RaidReenactment - May 29, 2011
This image, entitled Heavy Traffic on the Valley Pike, is the third in a series of paintings by renowned historical artist Mort Künsler, depicting the arrival in Strasburg of disassembled locomotives seized by Confederate forces under Col. . . . — Map (db m73820) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — The Great Train Raid of 1861
Jackson captured engines from Martinsburg, W.VA. and had them pulled by horse teams across the roads to Strasburg, near here, they were set on rails and sent south for the Confederate cause. — Map (db m15542) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — This Fertile Land
This fertile land along the Shenandoah River, in the shadow of the Massanutten Mountain, was settled in the 1730s by courageous Germanic people in search of liberty and prosperity. Known variously in early days as Staufferstadt, Stover Town and . . . — Map (db m73843) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — A-19 — Trenches On Hupp’s Hill
These trenches were constructed by Sheridan in the autumn of 1864 while campaigning against Early. — Map (db m645) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Toms Brook — A-25 — Action of Toms Brook
Here Early's Cavalry under Rosser and Lomax was driven back by Sheridan's cavalry under Torbert, October 9, 1864. — Map (db m50315) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Toms Brook — Toms BrookSunday, October 9th — 1864 Valley Campaign
Sunday, October 9th During the evening of October 8, 1864, Gen. Lunsford L. Lomax reached this position with two brigades of Confederate cavalry commanded by Gen. Bradley T. Johnson and Col. William L. "Mudwall" Jackson. Gen. Wesley Merritt, in . . . — Map (db m2933) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — 1LT Charles Bare Gatewood6th U.S. Cavalry
Born on this site, April 6, 1853, the son of John Gatewood, Publisher of the Shenandoah Herald, Charles received his basic education in Woodstock and Harrisonburg, and was teaching school in Harrisonburg when he received his appointment to the . . . — Map (db m89305) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg
John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg October 1, 1746 - October 1, 1807 Clergyman, Soldier, Statesman Major General, VIII Virginia Regiment "A time to pray...a time to fight" January 23, 1776 — Map (db m73764) HM WM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — A-41 — Last Indian-Settler Conflict
A series of conflicts between settlers and Native Americans, including the French and Indian War, the Cherokee War, and Pontiac’s War, occurred along the western frontier of the colonies. The last documented clash in the Shenandoah Valley took place . . . — Map (db m42869) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — A-85 — Mabel Lee Walton and Sigma Sigma Sigma
The Mabel Lee Walton House at 225 N. Muhlenberg Street is the national headquarters of Sigma Sigma Sigma Sorority, founded in 1898 at the State Female Normal School at Farmville (now Longwood University). The Walton family built the house in . . . — Map (db m117603) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — Shenandoah County Courthouse
Shenandoah County's native limestone courthouse was built in 1795 with brick additions in 1871 and 1886. In 1927, portico and columns were added giving the Federal Styled building a Greek revival front. It is the oldest courthouse in continuous use . . . — Map (db m73774) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — Shenandoah County Jail
The first Shenandoah County Jail was a log structure. The building shown here was built of native limestone in the 18th century. In 1906, it was demolished to make way for a brick jail, which served the county until it was replaced by the present . . . — Map (db m73775) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — The oldest business in WoodstockThe Shenandoah Valley-Herald
Combining two of Virginia’s oldest weekly newspapers. Shenandoah Valley Est. 1806 – Woodstock Herald Est. 1817. — Map (db m117602) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — This Building ofNative Limestone Erected in 1796
Is the oldest courthouse now in use west of the Blue Ridge. A few rods southeast from here stood the church in which Peter Muhlenburg preached his martial sermon and made his famous call to arms in 1776. Thomas Marshall Sr. and Thomas Marshall Jr., . . . — Map (db m4279) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — Woodstock1752
County seat of Shenandoah Scene of Peter Muhlenburg's Famous call to arms 1776 Oldest Court House west of the Blue Ridge 1795 First Clerk was Thomas Marshall, Father of Chief Justice John Marshall ——— Turn at Court House square and . . . — Map (db m4277) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — WoodstockExecution and “the Burning”
1864 Valley Campaign In the midst of the 1864 Valley Campaign, Woodstock bore witness to the horrors of war. Plagued by raiding parties of Confederate partisan rangers, guerrillas and bushwhackers, Union General Philip H. Sheridan issued orders . . . — Map (db m5277) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Woodstock — Woodstock1752
County seat of Shenandoah Scene of Peter Muhlenburg's Famous call to arms 1776 Oldest Court House west of the Blue Ridge 1795 First Clerk was Thomas Marshall, Father of Chief Justice John Marshall ——— Turn at Court House square and . . . — Map (db m89298) HM

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