“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Solano County California Historical Markers

1849 - Benicia Arsenal – 1964 Marker image, Touch for more information
By Syd Whittle, February 20, 2009
1849 - Benicia Arsenal – 1964 Marker
California (Solano County), Benicia — 176 — 1849 - Benicia Arsenal – 1964
On this historic site for more than a century military history was written. The loyalty, courage, and devotion of the military and the civilian who served their country here furnished material for a brilliant page in the saga of the far west. What . . . — Map (db m16297) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — 1854 – Saint Paul’s Episcopal Church – 1954In Honor of the One Hundredth Anniversary
Founded September 24, 1854, with the first service conducted by lay reader Major F. D. Townsend, U.S. Army, in the “Old Capital Building”, constructed from plans presented by Colonel Julian McAlister, of the Benicia Arsenal, in April . . . — Map (db m16322) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Antonio M. De LaGuerra 1825 – ‘81
This tablet dedicated to his memory. He was State Senator 1852-1853; Mayor of Santa Barbara, Captain of California Volunteers serving in Arizona during the Civil War 1861-1865. He was a loyal member of the Ancient and Honorable Order of E. Clampus . . . — Map (db m58330) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — 177 — Benicia Barracks Site
[Marker read:] Benicia Barracks, established on April 30, 1849 and organized by Brevet Lt. Col. Silas Casey, 2nd U.S. Infantry, was the U.S. Army headquarters for the Department of the Pacific from 1851-1857. Also known as the 'Post near . . . — Map (db m16296) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Benicia Historic Tannery - Circa 1890
In the early Twentieth century, Benicia supplied one-third of California's leather, much of it tanned on this site by Kullman, Salz & Company. Beginning in 1881, early tannery structures occupied the western half of this block and by 1891 tannery . . . — Map (db m40834) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Camel BarnsBuilt in 1853 and 1854 Cost $10,000 and $12,000
These finely crafted sandstone buildings were originally constructed for use as warehouses. They gained their name and fame, however, during a brief period in 1863-64 when they were used to stable a herd of camels imported by the U.S. Army for . . . — Map (db m32204) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Clock TowerBuilt in 1859
The first stone fortress in the far west. Originally had two towers, but following an accidental explosure in 1912, it was rebuilt with only one tower and the present clock was installed. Buring the building’s history, it has served as a chapel, . . . — Map (db m16305) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Commandant's HomeBuilt in 1860
An imposing residence of classic Georgian architecture with 14-foot ceilings and 24-inch brick walls. The lumber for the wainscoting, parquet floors, paneling, stair rails and balustrades was carried by ship "around The Horn". During the last . . . — Map (db m40855) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Commodore Jones Point
Named for Thomas Ap Catesby Jones, founder of the Naval Academy and War of 1812 hero. As Commander of the Pacific Fleet, Jones landed at Monterey 1842, raising the Stars and Stripes under misapprehension of war with Mexico. From 1848 to 1850 he . . . — Map (db m40973) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Dedicated to the Memory of Pony Express Riders1860 The Knights of the Saddle 1861
William Hamilton, the first Pony Express rider to reach Benicia on the final relay. Carrying the mail from St. Joseph, Missouri to California. Arrived in this city April 23, 1860, at 7 a.m. Thomas J. Bedford, a young Benician, took the mochila by . . . — Map (db m16325) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — 174 — First Masonic Hall Built in California
The first Masonic hall built in California was begun in the summer of 1850, occupied by the lodge October 14, 1850, and formally dedicated December 27, 1850. This building served as the Masonic Temple for Benicia Lodge No. 5 until 1888, when the new . . . — Map (db m16317) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — 880 — Fischer-Hanlon House
In 1849, Joseph Fischer, a Swiss immigrant, came to Benicia. After joining a butcher partnership, Fischer purchased this lot on July 1, 1858. The house, reputed to be an old hotel was relocated here. The converted building is an outstanding example . . . — Map (db m16334) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Founders of Benicia1847
Gen. Mariano G. Vallejo Who was Commandante of Northern California for over 10 years. Thomas O. Larkin U.S. Consul in California 1844-1846. Robert Semple Presiding Officer of the First Constitutional Convention of California and . . . — Map (db m16360) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Gen. Quandt Lane
In honor of native son Douglass Phillip Quandt, Major General, U.S. Army Corps. Born in this arsenal, Douglass Quandt graduated from West Point and went on to command parachute batallions in the European and Pacific Campaigns in WWII and later in . . . — Map (db m41055) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Jack London
. . . — Map (db m16329) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — 15 — Merritt House C. 1869Also known as the What-Not-Shop
Original two story front portion of this building has mortise and tenon-frame walls with solid wood plank sheathing inside. Preservation by Carl & Alice Merritt Mayors Award 1990 — Map (db m25892) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — 153 — Old State Capitol
Erected in 1852, this historic building was ostensibly intended for Benicia City Hall, offered as the State Capitol and promptly accepted, it had that honor from February 4, 1853 to February 25, 1854. Deeded to state in 1951, it was one of the four . . . — Map (db m16375) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Pony Express Ferry “Carquinez”
[Front of Marker:] Dedicated April 23, 2000 by James Stretesky Benicia Historical Society Benicia (N.S.G.W.) Native Sons Richard & Veronica Tipton Benicia Camel Barn Museum Exxon Mobile, Benicia Refinery Benicia Chamber of . . . — Map (db m16327) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Robert Semple
Robert Semple, chief founder of Benicia, negotiated with General M.G. Vallejo for the land and suggested new city be named after General’s wife, Francisca Benicia, selecting Francisca. Officials of Yerba Buena objected and by ordinance changed that . . . — Map (db m16371) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — 862 — Saint Paul's Episcopal Church
Designed in 1859 by Lt. Julian McAllister and built by shipwrights of the Pacific Mail and Steamship Company, St. Paul's is an outstanding example of early California Gothic ecclesiastical architecture. Notable for its fine craftsmanship, this . . . — Map (db m16318) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — 795 — Site of Benicia Seminary
[Marker mounted on front of base (Photo #1] The birthplace of Mills College, founded in 1852 as the Young Ladies' Seminary of Benicia. Acquired from Mary Atkins by Cyrus and Susan Mills in 1865. It was moved to its present site in Oakland . . . — Map (db m16312) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — 175 — Site of the First Protestant Church in California
On this site was organized by the Rev. Sylvester Woodbridge, Jr., on April 15, 1849 the First Presbyterian Church of Benicia. This was the first protestant church established in California with an ordained resident pastor. The church of disbanded in . . . — Map (db m95697) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Solano HotelIn Search of the Pony Express - Station Marker
[Obverse:] Dedicated April 23, 1997 SOLANO HOTEL Pony Express Route Apr. 23, 1860 - Sep. 8, 1861 Home Station Apr. 23, 1860 - Apr. 15, 1861 By Benicia Historical Society Benicia (N.G.S.W.)Native Sons Benicia . . . — Map (db m29711) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — Suisun Bay Reserve FleetThe Fleet
Suisun Bay Reserve Fleet is part of the National Defense Reserve Fleet (NDRF), owned and operated by U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration (MARAD). Established by the Merchant Ship Act of 1946, NDRF serves as a reserve which . . . — Map (db m10794) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — The Bohn BuildingJohn Augustus Bohn — City Attorney of Benicia 1948-1968
Architect and driving force behind the modernization of Highway 780, the first State Capitol Building, the Benicia State Park, First Street Development, the Benicia City Water System, and the Benicia Industrial Park. He gave his vision, his . . . — Map (db m25895) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — 973 — Turner/Robertson Shipyard1882 – 1918
In 1882, Mathew Turner of San Francisco relocated his shipyard to Benicia. Turner, the most prodigious shipbuilder in North America, constructed 228 vessels, 169 of which were launched here. In 1913, the shipyard was purchased by James Robertson, . . . — Map (db m31007) HM
California (Solano County), Benicia — World War I Memorial
. . . — Map (db m16354) WM
California (Solano County), Birds Landing — Birds Landing - Benjamin's Store
In 1869 John Bird constructed a wharf and warehouse on Montezuma Slough. Soon, one mile east of the wharf, a community began to evolve. A blacksmith shop came first, and then the store was built in 1875. In this year the town was officially named . . . — Map (db m16923) HM
California (Solano County), Cordelia — Cordelia
Established in the early 1850's by Captain Robert Waterman and named for his wife, Cordelia. The name was changed to Bridgeport after his home in Connecticut and then again to Cordelia. Intended as a major townsite to serve the shipping trade on the . . . — Map (db m26211) HM
California (Solano County), Cordelia — Thompson's Corner Saloon - 1902
Henry "Old Man" Studer and his brother Jim, built this community gathering spot. Studer was the proprietor of the oldest bar in Solano County, which he relocated here. Dancing and entertainment were available upstairs and local lore is that a . . . — Map (db m26239) HM
California (Solano County), Dixon — Halfway HouseIn Search of the Pony Express - Station Marker
{Obverse:} Dedicated April 23, 1998 Halfway House Added Station Apr. 23, 1860 - Sep. 8, 1861 By Sidney & Diane Schroeder Family Ron Dupratt Family John & Patty Greiner Family Dixon Historical Society American Legion . . . — Map (db m29940) HM
California (Solano County), Dixon — Sacramento Valley National Cemetery
Dedicated to the memory of all the patriotic men and women who answered their country’s call to service. George W. Bush President of the Untied States R. James Nicholson Secretary U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs . . . — Map (db m36827) HM
California (Solano County), Dixon — Village of Silveyville
The village of Silveyville was first settled by Elijah F. Silvey in 1852. Silvey built a halfway house and stock corral for travelers going from San Francisco or Benicia to Sacramento. A post office was established in 1854, along with stores, a . . . — Map (db m29955) HM
California (Solano County), Fairfield — Burial Site of Chief Solano
In the vicinity of this plaque is the burial site of Chief Sem Yeto, christianized Francisco Solano. Chief of the Suisun Tribe "their word for west winds" sub-group of the Patwin Indians. The village was located near Rockville and . . . — Map (db m30721) HM
California (Solano County), Fairfield — Rockville StationIn Search of the Pony Express - Station Marker
{Obverse:} Dedicated April 23, 1998 Rockville House Added Station Apr. 3, 1860 - Sep. 8, 1861 By Rockville Inn Floyd & Lillian Hembree Joseph C. Wolfskill Family Ramirez Towing - Rudy's Auto Body Solano #39 (NGSW) . . . — Map (db m30619) HM
California (Solano County), Fairfield — 779 — Rockville Stone Chapel
Erected by pioneers of Methodist Episcopal Church South with volunteer labor and donated funds. Cornerstone laid October 3, 1856. Dedicated February 1857. Site supplied by Landy and Sandy Alford. Chapel deteriorated by 1929 and deeded by the church . . . — Map (db m16294) HM
California (Solano County), Fairfield — Vezér Family Vineyard
This site was originally constructed in 1860 as the Suisun Valley General Mercantile & original Pony Express station. The Vezer Family provides this facility for the enjoyment of the families of this wonderful valley and gives special recognition . . . — Map (db m25058) HM
California (Solano County), Rio Vista — Humphrey the Humpback Whale
Donated to: Rio Vista Chamber of Commerce and City of Rio Vista to remember the visit of Humphrey the Humpback Whale Oct. 10, 1985 - Nov. 4, 1985 Humphrey the Humpback Whale, a mighty whale was he He swam into the Delta, to . . . — Map (db m17189) HM
California (Solano County), Rio Vista — Pony Express River Steamer “New World”
[Front of Marker] Dedicated April 3, 1997 RIO VISTA by James Stretesky The Dutra Group Barrier Systems, Inc. Rio Vista Chamber of Commerce Pony Express Trail Association Sponsors are listed on bottom of base . . . — Map (db m18276) HM
California (Solano County), Rio Vista — Veterans of Foreign Wars
In memory of veterans in the service of our country who gave of their lives that we might live free 30 May 1994 Rio Vista Post 11389 {Veterans' names on marker listed below:} Frank L. Kroutch, Cartland L. Lent, Louis L. Silva, . . . — Map (db m17188) HM
California (Solano County), Suisun City — Suisun City
The name Suisun, meaning “west wind” originated with the Patwin Indians. In 1850 Curtis Wilson and John Baker became the first Americans to sail to this site. They were followed a year later by Josiah Wing who erected an embarcadero, . . . — Map (db m54589) HM
California (Solano County), Suisun City — The Hump
Here between 1942 and 1948, the painted ladies serviced the needs of our men from Travis AFB. Closed by the order of an unsympathetic sheriff. — Map (db m39344) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — "The Hospital"
Built in 1886, The Walker House was later used as Vacaville's first general hospital from 1932 to 1946. Doctors Jenny, Stansbury, and Nurse Tillman handled maternity and minor surgery. The house was purchased by Gary R. Zadnik in 1972, and is . . . — Map (db m113022) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Barcar Building1897
Two structures built by Raleigh Barcar, newspaper publisher and second owner of the Vacaville Reporter. Lower floor of the two-story brick building was for businesses. At one time it was Vacaville's fire station. Upper story was for offices and club . . . — Map (db m113020) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Built 1864
Originally constructed as a saloon by Richardson Long. After 1902 uses included a butcher shop and market. Has served as the Lopez Family Barbershop since 1940. — Map (db m113021) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Gillespie’s Store
[Front of Marker:] IN SEARCH OF THE PONY EXPRESS STATION MARKER Dedicated April 23, 1997 GILLESPIE’S STORE Added Station Apr 23, 1860 – Sep 8, 1861 by Dave & Buff Fleming American Honda Motor Co., Inc. Vacaville . . . — Map (db m16833) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Nut TreeAn Historic Highway Landmark
Nut Tree began under a great black walnut tree as a ranch fruit stand on July 3, 1921. The founders, Edwin and Helen Power, pioneered highway merchandising and food service, creating a unique enterprise that symbolizes bountiful California. The Nut . . . — Map (db m94545) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Peña Adobe ParkCity of Vacaville
Dedicated to the Peña and Vaca families who in 1842 settled what became the Rancho Los Putos, choosing this valley for their homes. Pause and enjoy the heritage of the hills, lake and valley which the pioneers called Laguna. Bienvenidos . . . — Map (db m14138) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Pioneer Monument
This pioneer monument is dedicated to the people who brought civilization to Solano County – one of whom was Edwin Markham, the poet, who grew to manhood in this Lagoon Valley, rimmed by what he called his summer hills. Names of a few of the . . . — Map (db m14136) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — 534 — Rancho Los Putos
This is the site of Rancho Los Putos of 10 square leagues granted in 1845 by Governor Pio Pico granted to Juan Felipe Peña and Manuel Cabeza Vaca. The Peña Adobe, erected here in 1842, is still owned by the descendants of the Pena-Vaca families. The . . . — Map (db m10821) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Site of First Business Building of Record1855 — Vacaville
On this site once stood a two-story wooden structure built by E. F. Gillespie. It served as his general merchandise store until 1863. The Masonic Lodge was headquartered upstairs. The building was removed in 1897. — Map (db m16838) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — The Andrew Carnegie Public Library1915-1965
The Ulatis Book Club initiated an early effort in 1905 to obtain a Carnegie Library Building Fund Grant. This effort was taken over in 1910 by the Saturday Club, which campaigned to establish a library district under the jurisdiction of the . . . — Map (db m16845) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — The Odd Fellows HallVacaville
The Independent Order of Odd Fellows (I.O.O.F.,) Vacaville Lodge No. 83, re-built this structure of brick and cast-iron columns in 1889. The previous two building burned in 1877 and 1884. The earthquake of 1892 seriously damaged the front of the . . . — Map (db m17636) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Triangle Building1898 — Vacaville
This two-story building with three storerooms on the first floor, 16 office rooms upstairs and a basement, was built for Charlotte A. Hutton. — Map (db m16841) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Uncle Burt's Tree
This famous Black Walnut tree has provided the nuts for starting over 100 walnut groves in California. It gave shade for travelers and their teams who enjoyed the Wykoff Ranch hospitality of the cool water well nearby. It is said to have been . . . — Map (db m91457) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Unknown Pioneer Ranchers
This monument is an expression of respect for the unknown pioneer ranchers of Solano County, and their families, who rest here in a common grave---. Dedicated by the City of Vacaville and Yerba Buena Chapter, E Clampus Vitus - April 27, 1974. — Map (db m72906) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — Walker Opera House
Kentucky native Sidney Clay Walker crossed the plains in 1850 and in 1872 settled in the Vaca Valley where he eventually owned 1,200 acres. He was an organizer of the Vacaville Water and Light Company in the 1890's and in 1896 built this brick . . . — Map (db m17661) HM
California (Solano County), Vacaville — William Gordon HuffIn Expression of Gratitude
In recognition for his continuous dedication to the preservation of western history through his world – renowned artistic endeavors: for expressing his love of the Order through the sculptured likeness of the men who have labored to preserve . . . — Map (db m54590) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — A Large Carved Eagle (Wood)
The following entry appears in the official Shipyard Log of June 19, 1876: "A large carved Eagle (wood) was placed on the pediment of the office building today." No information is available as to the name of the artist, or the occasion for . . . — Map (db m91586) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — Carnegie LibraryVallejo Celebrates Its Downtown History
In 1903, industrialist Andrew Carnegie offered $20,000 to erect a new public library in Vallejo. The donation was made with the provision that the city provide $2,000 each year for its operation. Dedicated on July 4, 1904, the library was located on . . . — Map (db m100475) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — Civil War - Unknown Dead Monument
Erected to the Memory of the Unknown Dead 1861 - 1865 G.A.R. — Map (db m113190) WM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 24 — Craven-Voss House
This Classical Revival residence is a exceptional local example of mid-19th century architecture. It was built in 1869 for Rear-Admiral Thomas Tingey Craven, former Commandant of Mare Island Naval Shipyard. The house was purchased in 1977 by Arvel . . . — Map (db m100489) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 16 — D.C. Madam's House
This Greco-Italianate residence was constructed by Thomas B. Elder in the 1870s on this site which John B. Frisbie obtained by patent from President Andrew Johnson. The home was restored in the 1970s by John and Ruth Derry. Plaque below: . . . — Map (db m100467) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — Empress TheaterVallejo Celebrates Its Downtown History
Built in 1911 it was to be " of the prettiest small theaters on the coast". Admission to vaudeville acts was 10¢ to 30¢. The theater underwent frequent name changes, including The Fox Senator. By the 1920s musical comedies and . . . — Map (db m100477) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — First Catholic Church
On August 19, 1855, the first Catholic Church in Vallejo was dedicated on this site. — Map (db m100465) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 751 — First U.S. Naval Station In The Pacific
Mare Island Navy Yard was established September 16, 1854, by the then Commander David G. Farragut, USN. Site selected in 1852 by a commission headed by Commodore John D. Sloat, USN. Mare Island had the Navy's first shipyard, ammunition depot, . . . — Map (db m35020) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — First Wireless Station
On a hill 300 feet south of this point, the first naval wireless station on the Pacific Coast was erected in 1904. Plaque erected in Sept 1954 — Map (db m26010) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — Fourth Marine Division Memorial
In honor and memory of all members of the Fourth Marine Division 1943 thru 1945 4 Roi-Namur Saipan Tinian Iwo Jima "Where Uncommon Valor Was a Common Virtue" Dedicated by the Ray Marine Chapter #31 of . . . — Map (db m91516) WM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — German Marder and Torpedo
This German Marder ("Pine Marten") and torpedo was captured during World War II and donated to Mare Island in 1947. Developed and used sparingly by the German Navy, they were used in the English Channel and Mediterranean. They were not considered . . . — Map (db m91483) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — Mansion Gallery
Built in 1902 by George J. Herbert, given by the family to the Solano County Historical Society in 1961, and further restored in 1969 by the Artists League of Vallejo for the cultural benefit of the public. — Map (db m100474) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — Power & Fleming GrocersVallejo Celebrates Its Downtown History
Power & Fleming Grocers was located at the northwest corner of Virginia and Marin Streets, c. 1907. The Fleming family owned property on the outskirts of town where they produced fruit, vegetables, dairy, etc. Their goods were brought into town to . . . — Map (db m100466) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 21 — Red Men's Hall
The Red Men's Hall is a variant of the Renaissance Revival style and exhibits three Native American terra cotta portraits. The building is the home of Samoset Tribe No. 22, organized in 1869. The building was constructed in 1925 and is the work of . . . — Map (db m100460) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 10 — St. Peter's Chapel
City Landmark No. 10 Dedicated on October 13, 1988 This chapel is the oldest naval chapel in the Pacific and the first interdenominational chapel in the service. Originally dedicated on October 13, 1901, this shingle style chapel was designed by . . . — Map (db m78899) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 3 — St. Vincent Ferrer Church
This Gothic style Church was dedicated on June 28, 1898. — Map (db m100472) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — The Alibi Clock
This clock was built by E. Howard of Boston in 1914. It was originally located in front of Burnett Brothers Jewelry Store on Market Street, San Francisco The clock became nationally known after the San Francisco Preparedness Day Parade on July . . . — Map (db m100491) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 9 — The Elsa Widenmann Home
This Classical Revival House was built in 1921 for Miss Elsa Widenmann, a long time civic leader, and her mother, the widow of Charles Widenmann. The carriage house, earlier part of the John Frisbie estate, the barn and the house site are a portion . . . — Map (db m100476) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 574 — Vallejo As State Capital
Vallejo was the official seat of state government from February 4, 1851 to February 4, 1852. The Capitol, shown above, within which the Legislature convened in 1852 and 1853, stood near this spot. — Map (db m100459) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 6 — Vallejo Naval & Historical Museum
This Spanish Renaissance Revival building has served as a museum since 1979. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. — Map (db m100458) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 14 — Widenmann-Plutchok Home
. . . — Map (db m100464) HM
California (Solano County), Winters — 804 — Wolfskill GrantUniversity of California Experimental Farm
In 1842 John R. Wolfskill arrived here loaded with fruit seeds and cuttings. He was a true horticulturist and became the father of the fruit industry in this region. In 1937 Mrs. Frances Wolfskill Taylor Wilson, his daughter, bequeathed 107.28 acres . . . — Map (db m40132) HM

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