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Swain County North Carolina Historical Markers

 
Deep Creek Marker image, Touch for more information
By Sandra Hughes, November 20, 2010
Deep Creek Marker
North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-8 — Deep Creek
Site of Union attack on Thomas's Legion, Feb. 2, 1864. Reduced Cherokee support for Confederacy. One mile northeast. — Map (db m38419) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-16 — Ellen Black Winston — 1903-1984
Social worker. Led N.C. Board of Public Welfare, 1944-63; first Commissioner of U.S. Welfare. Her grave is 1/10 mi. W. — Map (db m99005) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-41 — Horace Kephart
Author of "Our Southern Highlanders" (1913) and other works, naturalist, librarian. Grave 3/10 mi S.W. Mt. Kephart, 30 mi. N., is named for him. — Map (db m12693) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-57 — Kituwah
Cherokee mother town. Council house stood on mound here. Town was destroyed in 1776 by Rutherford expedition. — Map (db m12696) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-3 — Tsali
Cherokee brave, surrendered to Gen'l Scott to be shot near here, 1838, that remnant of tribe might remain in N.C. — Map (db m38421) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-3 — Tsali
Cherokee who resisted removal & escaped from U.S. troops; executed nearby, 1838. Story inspired Unto These Hills.Map (db m39694) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — War Dead of Swain County — World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War
World War I Barker, William H., Bates, Everett R., Cathy, Charlie, Cochran, John T., Franklin, Walter I., Freeman, Caro N., Kincaid, William, Leaiherwood, James L., Mashburn, Earnest L., Mason, William, Mathis, Fred, . . . — Map (db m52470) WM
North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-12 — Yonaguska — ca. 1760-1839
Chief of Oconaluftee Cherokee. He advocated temperance and opposed removal of his people from their homeland. Lived in this vicinity. — Map (db m12694) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — “To the free people of America”
“We meet today to dedicate the mountains, streams, and forests to the service of the American People.” President Franklin Delano Roosevelt September 2, 1940                               The Rockefeller Memorial . . . — Map (db m20022) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — A Mountain Sanctuary
Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a sanctuary. This is one of the few places in the eastern United States where animal populations can live, propagate, and die with relatively little influence from humans. Plants flourish in untold numbers and . . . — Map (db m20057) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — And It Became Land
Look out across the Smoky Mountains landscape. How did this land come to be? They carefully got all the mud and they laid it out on the rocks. And when it was dry enough, Grandfather threw it out into the water, and it became land. And the . . . — Map (db m43855) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Q-14 — Cherokee Indian Reservation / (Leaving) Cherokee Reservation
[Marker Front]: Cherokee Indian Reservation Established by United States for the Eastern Band of Cherokee after the removal of 1838. [Marker Reverse]: (Leaving) Cherokee Reservation Established by United . . . — Map (db m11526) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Cherokee Veterans Park
This park is dedicated to all members of the eastern band of Cherokee Indians who served honorably in the Armed Forces of this Great Nation, and especially to those who died in the effort and to Charles George, the only member of the Eastern Band . . . — Map (db m12929) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Cut and Run — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
You hardly ever left a tree of any size standing and all the little 'uns was torn down. Raymer Brackin Standing her in 1910 you would have seen a far different landscape than today. You might have seen the Champion Fibre Company . . . — Map (db m107604) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Q-45 — Echota Mission
Methodist. Maintained by Holston Conference for Cherokee c.1840-1885. School established 1850. Missionary's house Stands 50 yards north. — Map (db m12719) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Fifty Years of Mountain Logging
Commercial logging became widespread in the Smokies around 1880, about fifty years before the establishment of the national park. Loggers using hand tools an animal teams took maple, poplar, cherry, walnut, and other choice woods. Mechanized . . . — Map (db m20043) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Fish Tales — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Rainbow and brown trout, stonerollers, hogsuckers, sculpins, river chubs, and other fish live here in the lower reaches of the Oconaluftee River. But these are just a few of over 85 species found in the Smokies. The park's streams offer multiple . . . — Map (db m107602) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization MAB Program on Man and the Biosphere By Decision of the Bureau of the international coordinating council of the program on man and the biosphere, duly authorized to that effect by . . . — Map (db m20061) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Land of Blue Smoke
Shaconage, the Cherokee name for this area, means "land of blue smoke." A smoke-like natural bluish haze, and mist-like clouds that rise following a rainstorm, provide the inspiration for the name Smoky Mountains. During the growing season, the . . . — Map (db m20058) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Land of Diversity
Few Places in North America sustain a greater variety of life than the Great Smoky Mountains. The forests, streams, and meadows here support more than 100 types of trees, 58 kinds of fish, some 1,500 flowering plants, more than 200 bird species, and . . . — Map (db m20053) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Long Hair Clan
Ani-Gilohi—(Cherokee language translation) People in this clan wore their hair long. They walked with confidence and were often leaders. (Cherokee language translation) CLAN FACTS: Throughout the large . . . — Map (db m73920) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Measure of Men — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
The high, rounded mountain in front of you is Clingmans Dome (6,643 feet elevation), the highest mountain in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the highest in Tennessee, and the third highest in the eastern United States. It bears the name of . . . — Map (db m67901) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Mingus Mill — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
You didn't make it without corn....everyone ate cornmeal, sometimes two and three times a day. -George Moore, local resident For 50 years, nearby farmers brought their corn and wheat to Mingus Mill, built in 1886. The miller usually . . . — Map (db m111965) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Mountains: Refuge and Healing
Clingmans Dome is a sacred mountain to the Cherokees, where the Magic Lake was once seen. The Great Spirit told the Cherokees that, “if they love me, if they love all their brothers and sisters, and if they love the animals of the earth, when . . . — Map (db m43851) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Q-58 — Nimrod Jarrett Smith — 1837–1893
Principal Chief, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1880-1891. Led incorporation of Band & centralization of Tribal government on his property, here. — Map (db m73919) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Oconaluftee Indian Village
Oconaluftee Indian Village is an authentic replica of a Cherokee Indian Town of 1750. Here you will see life as it was carried on 200 years ago. Ancient arts of the Red Man such as basket weaving, wood-carving, finger-weaving, pottery, weapon making . . . — Map (db m96642) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — People of the Mountains
The rugged terrain of the Smoky Mountains determined patterns of human settlement. Residents of the Smokies - be they native Cherokees or European emigrants and their descendants - gravitated to valleys or coves. Settlement was confined to areas far . . . — Map (db m20054) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Sequoyah
This statue honoring Sequoyah. The Cherokee genius who invented the Cherokee Alphabet. was sculpted from a single great California Sequoia (Redwood) Log which was donated and shipped by Georgia-Pacific. This is sculptor Peter wolf Toth's 63rd . . . — Map (db m19736) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — The Appalachian Trail
You are standing alongside the Appalachian Trail, one of the longest continuous footpaths in the world. The trail winds more than 2,150 miles through 14 states. Few stretches are more remote or difficult than the section through the Great Smokies. . . . — Map (db m20064) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — The Great Smokies
(Side One): The Great Smokies: scenic, diverse, culturally rich. The scenic view here are well known; lesser known is the abundance of life. The Smokies' rugged topography creates a diversity of species found in few other places in North . . . — Map (db m20066) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — The Top of the Smokies — Clingmans Dome
At 6,643 feet, Clingmans Dome is the highest mountain in Great Smokey Mountains National Park and is one of the highest peaks in the eastern United States. An observation tower at the summit takes you above the treetops for a panoramic view. . . . — Map (db m43856) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Q-56 — Thomas's Legion
William H. Thomas led Confederate "Legion of Indians & Mountaineers." Cherokee companies raised nearby in 1862. — Map (db m12714) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Trail of Tears — Qualla Town
In 1838, the United States government deported more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Thousands of Cherokees perished during . . . — Map (db m73923) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Where Man Is Only a Visitor
In front of you is a very special place - part of the park's "backcountry," a place without roads, wires, houses... Here you - or your children, or theirs - may walk for days, largely free of the sights, sounds, and smells of the everyday world. . . . — Map (db m20049) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee Indian Reservation — Place of the Poplar Boundary Tree — North Lat. 35 Deg. 30 Min.
on Southern Boundary Line of lands allotted to the earl of Granville, one of the lords proprietors, in 1743 by the British Crown. The dividing line between Burke and Rutherford counties ran here until after 1792. Beginning corner of grants 501 . . . — Map (db m61479) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Forneys Creek — Eastern View — Great Smokey Mountain National Park
On a clear day you can see Mount Mitchell, the highest peak in the eastern United States, 73 miles (117km) away in North Carolina's Black Mountains. Can you see Mount Mitchell today? clear days can allow views that exceed 100 miles (161km). On other . . . — Map (db m107193) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Forneys Creek — Northern View — Great Smokey Mountain National Park
People come to Clingmans Dome to experience the 360-degree view but how does the view today compare to centuries ago? We really don't know, but we do know that haze, largely caused by air pollution, can greatly diminish your view. Records show . . . — Map (db m107194) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Forneys Creek — Southern View — Great Smokey Mountain National Park
Notice the forest that surrounds the tower. This is a spruce (Picea rubens) and Fraser fir (Abies fraseri). It is a forest under stress. The dead trees you see are Fraser fir, victims of a European insect. Another threat, with far . . . — Map (db m107192) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Forneys Creek — Western View — Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Looking west you can track the course of the North Carolina-Tennessee boundary. Through most of Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the state boundary also marks the course of the Appalachian Trail, which passes just below this tower. The trail . . . — Map (db m107196) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Apple House
For the mountain family, apples were a staple-eaten raw and used to make cider, vinegar, apple sauce, apple butter, and pies. Storing them was important, as evidenced by this substantial apple house. Summer apples were stored on the upper floor; . . . — Map (db m12754) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Blacksmith Shop
This shop was used by the farmer to make repairs to tools or to forge his own ironwork. Iron could be scarce, so a worn-out horseshoe might become part of a door hinge, as you can see here. This blacksmith shop was brought here from Cades Cove, . . . — Map (db m12818) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Civilian Conservation Corps
In Honor of the Civilian Conservation Corps 1933 – 1942 whose hands built roads, trails, bridges, buildings, campgrounds, and picnic areas in Great Smoky Mountains National Park for the benefit and enjoyment of the people. . . . — Map (db m58439) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Corn Cribs
Corn cribs housed the family's most important crop. Corn fed humans and livestock. Families consumed it both fresh and as cornmeal cooked into dishes such as mush and cornbread. After allowing corn to dry on the stalk, farmers stored it on the cob. . . . — Map (db m12815) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Hands That Built
Nature forged the Great Smokies, but the hands of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) helped shape the national park we know today. During the 1930s, enrollment peaked as 4,300 men worked here, building roads, campgrounds, trails, and buildings. . . . — Map (db m99065) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Horace Kephart's Last Permanent Camp
On this spot Horace Kephart - Dean of American Campers and one of the Principal Founders of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park - pitched his last permanent camp. — Map (db m12751) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Mingus Mill — An 1886 Turbine Mill
For over fifty years the mill you are approaching ground corn into meal and wheat into flour for the mountain community near Mingus Creek. In place of wooden water wheel, a small steel turbine provided power to run the mill's stones and machinery. . . . — Map (db m43850) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Mountain Farm Museum
Most of the buildings on a mountain farm related to the most basic of all needs; preserving food. The historic buildings at the Mountain Farm Museum were moved here from throughout the national park in the early 1950s. These buildings reflect . . . — Map (db m12747) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Sorghum Mill and Furnace
Sorghum cane, a corp grown on many mountain farms, was used to produce sorghum molasses. The cane fed between the rollers of the animal-powered cane mill, which squeezed out the juice.The juice was then boiled over the furnace until it turned . . . — Map (db m12814) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Spared the Saw
Look out across the forested mountains of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The mountains are ancient, but much of the forest is young. Very little is old-growth, or ancient—never cut. But the time the park was established, as much as 80 . . . — Map (db m99067) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Great Smoky Mountains National Park — The Meathouse
This building protected one of the most valuable commodities on a mountain farm: the meat supply. The most common meat was pork. Without refrigeration, salting and smoking were the most common means of preserving meat and protecting it from insects . . . — Map (db m12753) HM
North Carolina (Swain County), Qualla — An Ancient and Settled Landscape
Today, members of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians continue to honor and cultivate the traditions which have guided their culture for thousands of years. The Qualla Boundary, as it has been known for generations, is a small fragment of the . . . — Map (db m99076) HM

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