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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Union County New Mexico Historical Markers

 
Photos from Cone marker. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, September 15, 2015
Photos from Cone marker.
New Mexico (Union County), Capulin — Building a Cinder Cone
Cinder cones experience a single eruptive period, and then die. Several explosive eruptions created Capulin Volcano, during a period as short as one year or as long as nine or more years. Today Capulin Volcano is extinct. Volcanic ash, . . . — Map (db m89235) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Capulin — Capulin Volcano National Monument5.5 Miles
An outstanding example of an extinct volcanic cinder cone, Capulin Volcano was formed as early as 10,000 years ago. In cinder cones, lava pours from cracks in the base rather than over the top. Capulin itself was the escape hatch for gases that blew . . . — Map (db m88756) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Capulin — Capulin Volcano National Monument5.5 Miles
An outstanding example of an extinct volcanic cinder cone, Capulin Volcano was formed as early as 10,000 years ago. In cinder cones, lava pours from cracks in the base rather than over the top. Capulin itself was the escape hatch for gases that blew . . . — Map (db m88759) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Capulin — Grasslands Meet Mountains
The shortgrass prairie and mountain forest meet here in the high plains of northeastern New Mexico. This transition between two ecosystems provides habitat for many different plants and animals. The shortgrass prairie is the western limit of the . . . — Map (db m89230) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Capulin — Making A Monument
The late 1800s were a time of homesteading and private acquisition of public lands. Conservationists began working to preserve some public lands like Yellowstone and Yosemite. In 1891, the General Land Office of the Department of the Interior . . . — Map (db m89224) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Capulin — The Raton-Clayton Volcanic Field
This region of volcanic activity is the Raton-Clayton Volcanic Field. It has been active periodically, beginning at the western edge of the field with the Raton Phase from 9 to 3 million years ago. The Capulin Phase began about 1 million years ago . . . — Map (db m89228) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Capulin — Welcome to Capulin Volcano National Monument
Capulin Volcano directly in front of you is a dramatic example of the volcanic processes that shaped northeastern New Mexico. Capulin Volcano National Monument preserves this classic cinder cone. About 60,000 years ago thunderous explosions sent . . . — Map (db m89223) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Clayton — Black Jack Ketchum
Thomas "Black Jack" Ketchum, leader of a notorious band of train robbers, was wounded in August 1899 while trying to rob a train near Folsom. He surrendered the next day. He was tried and convicted under a law making train robbery a capital offense, . . . — Map (db m55462) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Clayton — ClaytonPopulation 2,968 ~ Elevation 4,969
Trade caravans and homesteaders traveling the Cimarron Cutoff of the Santa Fe Trail passed near here. Clayton was founded in 1887 and named for the son of cattleman and ex-Senator Stephen W. Dorsey, one of its developers. It became a major livestock . . . — Map (db m55209) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Clayton — ClaytonPopulation 2,968 ~ Elevation 4,969
Trade caravans and homesteaders traveling the Cimarron Cutoff of the Santa Fe Trail passed near here. Clayton was founded in 1887 and named for the son of cattleman and ex-Senator Stephen W. Dorsey, one of its developers. It became a major livestock . . . — Map (db m55218) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Clayton — Clayton Dinosaur Trackway
One of the best dinosaur track sites in the world can be viewed at Clayton Lake State Park. More than 500 fossilized footprints, made by at least eight kinds of dinosaurs, are visible on the lake’s spillway. These tracks were embedded in the mud . . . — Map (db m55233) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Clayton — Rabbit Ear Mountain
These two striking mounds were the first features to become visible to Santa Fe Trail traffic crossing into New Mexico from Oklahoma, and so became important landmarks for caravans. From here, traffic on this major 19th century commercial route . . . — Map (db m55217) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Clayton — Rabbit Ear Mountain
These two striking mounds were the first features to become visible to Santa Fe Trail traffic crossing into New Mexico from Oklahoma, and so became important landmarks for caravans. From here, traffic on this major 19th century commercial route . . . — Map (db m55219) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Clayton — Santa Fe Trail
This is a two sided marker Side A: William Becknell, the first Santa Fe Trail trader, entered Santa Fe in 1821 after Mexico became independent from Spain and opened its frontier to foreign traders. The Mountain Branch over Raton . . . — Map (db m55235) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Clayton — Santa Fe Trail - Cimarron Cutoff / Clayton
This is a two sided marker Side A: Santa Fe Trail Cimarron Cutoff The Santa Fe Trail was the major trade route between New Mexico and Missouri from 1821 until arrival of the railroad in 1880. The Cimarron Cutoff, a . . . — Map (db m55236) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Des Moines — Sierra Grande
Largest extinct volcano in northeastern New Mexico, Sierra Grande rises to an elevation of 8,720 feet, one of many volcanos, cinder cones, and flows that cover more than 1,000 square miles of area in northeastern New Mexico and southeastern . . . — Map (db m88754) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Des Moines — Sierra GrandeOver Left Shoulder
Largest extinct volcano in northeastern New Mexico, Sierra Grande rises to an elevation of 8,720 feet, one of many volcanos, cinder cones, and flows that cover more than 1,000 square miles of area in northeastern New Mexico and southeastern Colorado . . . — Map (db m88761) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Folsom — Sarah "Sally" J. Rooke / New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative — Official Scenic Historic Marker
Front Sarah "Sally" J. Rooke (1843-1908) Heroine of the Dry Cimarron Flood On the night of August 27, 1908, while working as a telephone operator, Sally received a call that a wall of water was rushing down the Dry Cimarron . . . — Map (db m104838) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Grenville — Santa-Fe Trail
. . . — Map (db m88749) HM
New Mexico (Union County), Grenville — The Santa Fe TrailSanta Fe Trail National Scenic Byway
Stretching 900 miles from Franklin, Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico, the Santa Fe Trail was one of the most important North American trade routes of the nineteenth century. Begun in 1821, it was in use for 60 years until the arrival of the . . . — Map (db m88753) HM

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