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Tour of Fort Mill Ridge by markers.
 
Fort Mill Ridge Trail Map image, Touch for more information
By Craig Swain, November 27, 2009
Fort Mill Ridge Trail Map
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — Fort Mill Ridge General Information
Fort Mill Ridge is a Union fortification constructed between March and June, 1863, to defend the Mechanicsburg Gap and South Branch Potomac Valley. The remains of the fortification have been undisturbed over the past 135 years and are among the most . . . — Map (db m25084) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — The Civil War in the South Branch Valley
At the time of the Civil War, the South Branch Valley was comprised of many small, independent farms. The mid-19th century was a golden age of agriculture in the eastern United States, and the valley was among the most agriculturally productive . . . — Map (db m25186) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — Construction of Fort Mill Ridge
On March 16, 1863, Col. Campbell ordered his command to move their encampment from Romney to the fields adjacent to Mill Creek immediately west of Mill Ridge. Sheltered between the mountain to the west and the ridge, the camp was less vulnerable to . . . — Map (db m25203) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — The Central Redoubt
The central redoubt house the fort's artillery. The square structure is approximately forty feet wide inside. The fort's entrance was located on the north, its least vulnerable side. Two artillery positions were constructed on each of the other . . . — Map (db m25244) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — Interior of the Central Redoubt
The central redoubt consists of a square earthen platform or rampart, and earthen walls, or parapets. Cuts in the parapets, or embrasures, provided openings through which cannons could fire. The remains of the embrasures can be . . . — Map (db m25300) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — Control of the Mechanicsburg Gap
Federal Battery E, 1st (West) Virginia Volunteer Artillery was assigned to the command at Fort Mill Ridge. The Battery was armed with six 3-inch rifled cannons. It is believed that two of these cannons were positioned in the central redoubt. The . . . — Map (db m25315) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — The Ditch as a Second Line of Defense
Around the outside of the central redoubt is the ditch, a significant obstacle attackers would have to climb through to assault the redoubt. At Fort Mill Ridge, the ditch also appears to have been used as a trench from which defending . . . — Map (db m25324) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — An Outpost in Enemy Territory
From the protection of the fort and their encampment along Mill Creek, Union soldiers were stationed at picket posts throughout adjacent valleys at key junctions, fords, and approaches. Patrols were sent through the country-side to feel for the . . . — Map (db m25433) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — Engagement with McNeill's Rangers
In early April, 1863, a Confederate force led by Captain John H. McNeill's Rangers and four additional companies of Virginia cavalry left Rockingham County for West Virginia. At Moorefield, 20 miles south of Fort Mill Ridge, the force divided into . . . — Map (db m25353) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — The Great Raid
In late April 1863, the Confederates launched a major raid from Rockingham County into West Virginia. A primary goal of the raid was the destruction of the Cheat River Bridge of the B&O Railroad near the Northwestern Turnpike crossing the Cheat . . . — Map (db m25436) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — Abandonment of Fort Mill Ridge
The Union troops at Fort Mill Ridge continued their duties until June 14, 1863. Then, in response to Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania, Campbell's command was ordered to concentrate with the rest of their division at New Creek (Keyser). Confederate . . . — Map (db m25438) HM

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