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Fort Pillow by Markers
 
Fort Pillow Marker image, Touch for more information
By Craig Swain, September 1, 2010
Fort Pillow Marker
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — 4E 22 — Fort Pillow April 12, 1864
Federal forces captured this important Confederate work, 18 miles west, in 1862. To end depredations committed by the Federal garrison, Forrest, with a force from his Confederate Cavalry Corps, attacked and captured the fort. Of the garrison of 551 . . . — Map (db m43263) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — Outer Breastworks Fort Pillow, 1861
The Confederates constructed this fortification, 3 ½ miles in length, with ends terminating at the river bluff, as protection against an attack by land. The Outer Breastworks were designed by General Leonidas Polk and built by Captain . . . — Map (db m36737) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — Inner Breastworks Fort Pillow, 1862
This second line of breastworks is located between the long line of outer breastworks and the Union fort. Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard ordered the construction of the inner breastworks because the outer breastworks were too long for the . . . — Map (db m36750) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — General N.B. Forrest's Command Position
General Forrest positioned himself in the area of the Inner Breastworks when he arrived on the morning of April 12, 1864. From here he could observe the Union fort which was visible from this point at the time of the Civil War. — Map (db m36751) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — Union Artillery 12 Pound Howitzers
At the time of the Battle of Fort Pillow, these two northern embrasures or openings in the parapet were fortified with 12 pound howitzers. This type of artillery was extremely effective in hilly country such as is found around Fort Pillow. During . . . — Map (db m36766) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — Union Artillery 6 Pound James Rifles
At the right of the Battery of Fort Pillow these two middle embrasures or openings in the parapet were fortified with two 6 pounder rifles. These were manned by members of Battery D, 2nd U.S. Light Artillery (colored). During the final assault on . . . — Map (db m36814) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — Union Artillery 10 Pound Parrotts
Several days before the battle the Union brought two 10 pound Parrotts to Fort Pillow. These pieces were placed outside the fort at the beginning of the battle, but were soon moved inside the fort where wooden platforms were hastily erected adjacent . . . — Map (db m36817) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — Earthworks Over River Batteries
These earthworks protected the river batteries from attack by land. It is likely that these works were constructed by the Confederates during 1861 or 1862, although there is some evidence that they were constructed by Union forces during 1863. — Map (db m36819) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — Confederate Water Batteries
The earthen structure nearby, mile in length, was constructed by the Confederates by order of General Gideon Pillow in July, 1861. Designed to hold 40 artillery pieces, the water batteries were the major works which prevented the passage of Union . . . — Map (db m36870) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — Confederate Sharpshooters
From several high elevations overlooking the fort, Confederate sharpshooters were able to fire upon any Union soldiers who showed themselves above the walls. Many of the Union officers, including the commander, Major Booth, were picked off by the . . . — Map (db m36871) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — Outer Breastworks Fort Pillow, 1861
The Confederates constructed this fortification, 3 ½ miles in length, with ends terminating at the river bluff, as protection against an attack by land. The Outer Breastworks were designed by General Leonidas Polk and built by Captain . . . — Map (db m36872) HM

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