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Fort McAllister Virtual Tour by Markers
 
Fort McAllister Entrance image, Touch for more information
By Mike Stroud, May 2008
Fort McAllister Entrance
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — 015-6 — Fort McAllister — 10 mi. →
Situated at Genesis Point, 10 miles east on the right bank of the Great Ogeechee River below the "lost town" of Hardwick, this fort was the right of the exterior line designed for the defense of Savannah. It denied the use of the river to Union . . . — Map (db m8387) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — C.S.S. Nashville
Built by William Collyer in New York City. She was ordered by New York merchants and launched September 22, 1853. Her maiden voyage was from New York to Charleston, South Carolina, under the name United States Mail Steamship . . . — Map (db m12868) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Capt. John McCrady Designer of Fort McAllister
Charlestonian, a student of Agassiz at Harvard, then professor of mathematics at the College of Charleston, he resigned his position at the outbreak of the war and became an officer in the Confederate engineers. Transferred to Savannah he spent his . . . — Map (db m12711) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Cheves' Rice Mill
From the roof of Cheves' rice mill (2 1/2 miles across the Ogeechee in the direction of the arrow) General Sherman and his staff watched the reduction of Fort McAllister, sunset, December 13, 1864. — Map (db m12914) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Columbiad
This replica of a coast defence cannon known as the columbiad was manufactured, 1964, by Savannah Machine and Foundry Company as a public service. A similar cannon was positioned here during Union naval attacks, 1863. The columbiad fired 87-lb. . . . — Map (db m12776) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Damage From Naval Bombardments
The largest naval guns used against land fortifications were fired on Fort McAllister in 1863 from monitor-type Union ironclads. 15 in. shells penetrated 17 ft. of sand, digging craters 8 ft. in diameter and 7 ft. deep on exploding, but all damage . . . — Map (db m13037) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Destruction of the C.S.S. Nashville
The swift Confederate blockade runner Nashville (renamed Rattlesnake) was destroyed by the monitor Montauk, February 28, 1863, after she went aground on a sandbar in a hairpin bend of the Ogeechee River. The engagement was . . . — Map (db m11474) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Machinery From The C.S.S. Nashville
These portions of rotating machinery were removed, in 1960, from the wreck of the Confederate blockade runner Nashville, sunk in the Ogeechee River by shell fire from the U.S.S. Montauk in Feb., 1863. These relics give some conception . . . — Map (db m16105) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Major Gallie's Gun
In this emplacement, chosen nearest the enemy, was the gun, an 8-inch columbiad, commanded personally by Major John B. Gallie. — Map (db m12995) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Obstruction of River
To block the channel of the Ogeechee River, a double row of piling was placed across the river at a point opposite this marker. — Map (db m12867) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Position of the Monitors
The monitors took positions against the far marsh in the direction of the arrow, between 900 and 1200 yards from the fort during the following series of attacks: by the MONTAUK, January 27, February 1, and February 28, 1863; and by the PASSAIC, the . . . — Map (db m12777) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Tom Cat Garrison Mascot
The sole Confederate fatality after seven hours of intensive bombardment on March 3, 1863, by the monitors PASSAIC (Capt. Percival Drayton), NAHANT, and PATAPSCO, supported by the MONTAUK, the WISSAHICKON, the SENECA, the DAWN, the FLAMBEAU, the . . . — Map (db m13038) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Confederate Land Mines
Land mines or torpedoes buried along the western approaches to the fort caused most of the casualties to the Union troops in the assault on December 13, 1864. After the taking of the fort, General Sherman personally gave orders that the captured . . . — Map (db m13071) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Major John B. Gallie
Killed in action while commanding the fort during the second attack of the monitor MONTAUK, February 1, 1863. The 32-pounder beside which he was standing was struck while Gallie was going from gun to gun, encouraging his men to calmness of aim. — Map (db m13072) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Capt. Nicholas Clinch
When called upon by a Union officer to surrender during Sherman's assault, December 13, 1864, Clinch responded with a blow of his sword. After three sabre, six bayonet, and two gunshot wounds, he was taken. — Map (db m13075) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — 015-3 — Fort McAllister The Assault From The Rear
Dec. 1864. Fort McAllister, built 1861-62 to close the Great Ogeechee River to enemy ships, mounted 11 siege guns, 12 field pieces and 1 10-inch mortar. Below it, piles and torpedoes obstructed the channel. As the Union forces neared Savannah, the . . . — Map (db m16103) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — 015-7 — Sinking of the CSS "Nashville (Rattlesnake)"
In July, 1862 the CSS "Nashville", Capt. Baker, ran the Union blockade and entered Savannah via Wilmington river with a cargo of arms. Loaded with cotton for Europe, she attempted to escape via Ossabaw Sound. Thwarted by the vigilance of the . . . — Map (db m16104) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — 015-4 — Fort McAllister The Naval Bombardments
On July 1st and 29th, 1862, the fort was shelled by Union gunboats and on Nov. 19th by the ironclad "Wissahickon" and two escort craft. Hit below the waterline, "Wissahickon" withdrew after firing 17 11-inch and 25 other shells. The escorts withdrew . . . — Map (db m16102) HM

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