Alpharetta was formed in 1858 and soon after, a thriving business district was developed. Many of the businesses had two entrances, with one facing the Milton County Courthouse on Norcross Street, now South Main Street, and the other facing National . . . — — Map (db m57391) HM
South of Jones Alley buildings have housed many businesses including A.G. Carroll store, Shirley Brothers Mercantile c. 1910, Jones Merchandise c. 1914, Teasley Ford Motor dealership, Milton County Bank c. 1910, Q.A. Wills Merchandise, Louie E. . . . — — Map (db m57392) HM
One South Main Street housed a general merchandise store operated by J.A. Oliver until 1920. Later it became Jones Grocery, Lively Grocery and Talmage Burgess Grocery. In the mid 1950s, Phillips Variety Store opened. Three South Main Street has . . . — — Map (db m57394) HM
The Methodist Church was part of the Forsyth Circuit of the Cherokee District. Methodist camp meetings were held near this spot in the early 1830s, and there was a meeting house as early as 1834. On April 1, 1871, Isham Teasley, one of the original . . . — — Map (db m56732) HM
The property was the original location of the Alpharetta Hotel built by Bob Webb in 1908.
The hotel was torn down in the 1970’s. It once housed a Boarding House for single school teachers which was operated by Lillian Teasley. It was the home . . . — — Map (db m60550) HM
This Queen Anne home was built by Mr. Benjamin Franklin Shirley using a Sears Roebuck house pattern. Features include a nine-room interior, a veranda, and exterior stairs leading to the second floor. Renovations have been made, but the original . . . — — Map (db m56866) HM
Dodd Hotel was owned by James Madison Dodd, a businessman and Milton County Constable. He was born in 1828 and died in 1895. Dodd operated a livery stable and barn on the north side of Dodd Hotel Street, now Milton Avenue. The hotel boarded cotton . . . — — Map (db m56138) HM
In 1903, a group of women who met weekly for prayer and Bible study began collecting offerings. From those collections, the women purchased a sixty by one hundred foot lot and began construction of the First Baptist Church. The project was completed . . . — — Map (db m56841) HM
Over one hundred members of Milton High School's Future Farmers of America built this rustic cabin. Teacher P. L. Elkins provided seed money and oversight for the project. The purpose of the project was to give the young men an opportunity to learn . . . — — Map (db m58911) HM
Over one hundred members of Milton High School's Future Farmers of America built this rustic cabin. Teacher P.L. Elkins provided seed money and oversight for the project. The purpose of the project was to give the young men an opportunity to learn . . . — — Map (db m58910) HM
J.J. Webb’s two-story brick building housed many businesses including Shirley Brothers store, Milton County Bank, Buren Weatherford Grocery and Bates Grocery. In 1934, C.P. Brady and Sons purchased the building, where they operated a Chevrolet . . . — — Map (db m56402) HM
Colonel Tom Lewis, an Atlanta Attorney, built the five-bedroom Queen Anne-style house from bricks made in the pasture behind the house. There are rock foundations under each room. The inside walls are 12 inches thick, there are fireplaces in every . . . — — Map (db m56108) HM
James H. and Thomas H. Manning operated Manning Mercantile store in a wooden building that burned in 1902. It was replaced by a one-story brick building, which later housed the U.S. Post Office, Bates Grocery, Cowart Shoe Shop, Cook Shoe Shop, and . . . — — Map (db m56405) HM
The Mansell House was built by Robert Mansell of South Carolina for his wife, Maude Dorris. It is a Queen Anne-style clapboard farm house built from pine trees located on the site. It has heart pine floors, 12-foot ceilings, and a fireplace in each . . . — — Map (db m56231) HM
The campground was located to the immediate west of the intersection of North Main and Cumming Streets. The location included several springs and its proximity to westward routes made the area a suitable overnight camp location for travelers. With . . . — — Map (db m56239) HM
The house is a Queen Anne-style cottage and was built of brick and wood for $1,500. A six-room home with heart pine flooring, plate glass windows, a fireplace in every room and a large porch. The house survives as originally built and includes . . . — — Map (db m56104) HM
This was the Courthouse of Milton County at the time it was merged with Fulton County Jan. 1, 1932. When the County was created by Act of the Legislature Dec. 18, 1857, it was named for Homer V. Milton, General in the War of 1812, though some claim . . . — — Map (db m21434) HM
Originally the three buildings faced the National Highway, now Old Roswell Road, which was the main road from Roswell to Dahlonega. A brick facade was added in the 1970s. In 1909, John A. Oliver constructed the two-story Oliver warehouse. The first . . . — — Map (db m56164) HM
R.J. Webb built the two-story brick Webb Hotel, later known as the Alpharetta Hotel. The hotel lobby fronted Milton Avenue. Hotel residents included Milton County court attendees and school teachers. Businesses that faced Main Street included Norman . . . — — Map (db m56420) HM
The brick home was built for the family of Dr. Oliver P. Skelton, physician, postmaster and Ordinary of Milton County. His son-in-law John I. Teasley, a cotton planter, subsequently occupied it. This Greek Revival style house has four rooms, a . . . — — Map (db m56134) HM
Farmers Bascom and Oma Spence purchased this 19th century farmhouse in 1918. Their families had lived in North Fulton and Forsyth Counties since the 1840s. The house sits on tree trunks cut on the property. Two wings were later added and the most . . . — — Map (db m109126) HM
James Madison Dodd sold the property, which had been used for a livery stable, to R.J. & J.J. Webb. The Webbs built the first section of the building, called the Webb Guano House. The original structure was of concrete blocks, heavy beams and thick . . . — — Map (db m56116) HM
The City of Atlanta Office of Cemetery Commission purchased this fountain from J. L. Mott Iron Works as a cemetery improvement. T. G. Spearman ordered the statue and constructed a masonry pool, which was altered in 1984. The figural group was . . . — — Map (db m64800) HM
“Expelled Because of Color” is dedicated to the memory of the 33 Black state legislators who were elected, yet expelled from the Georgia House because of their color in 1868.
The cinder block forms at the base of the sculpture symbolize the . . . — — Map (db m130191) HM
Local lore has recorded that in 1838 a hunter hung a deer’s head at about this location in front of Irby’s Tavern. The Henry Irby family owned 803 surrounding acres and the area was designated Irbyville on maps at that time. People started . . . — — Map (db m53409) HM
July 18, 1864. Hooker’s Federal 20th Corps, occupied this sector between Howard’s 4th at Buckhead, on the left, & Palmer’s 14th, on the right, at Howell Mill Road. Williams’ & Geary’s divs. of the 20th, camped in this vicinity that night, while . . . — — Map (db m22889) HM
July 20, 1864. To this high ground, 500 yds. in front of Geary’s div. (20th A.C.) [US] on Collier Rd., the 33d N.J. regt., Jones’ brigade, was sent to establish & support a battery position. The regiment had scarcely reached this hill when, in a . . . — — Map (db m16407) HM
July 18, 1864. Left Wing, Army of the Cumberland [US], having moved from Power’s Fy., cast up a line of intrenchments covering roads leading E., S., & W. Contact was made with the 20th A. C. to the right (on W. Pace’s Fy. Rd.) & to the left with . . . — — Map (db m22297) HM
Auburn Avenue was like a parade ground. Families and friends were constantly visiting back and forth. In the evenings, couples--such as Frank and Eula Kirk, who lived here for 40 years--relaxed in rocking chairs and wicker swings as they chatted . . . — — Map (db m73180) HM
Thirteen Atlanta physicians organized the Brotherhood of Physicians in 1854. After many location and name changes, the Brotherhood evolved in to the Fulton County Medical Society, which dedicated the Academy of Medicine as its headquarters here on . . . — — Map (db m9849) HM
Vice-President of the Confederacy, 1861-1865, died while Governor of Georgia on March 4, 1883 and was first buried in this vault. In 1884, he was reinterred at his home, “Liberty Hall”, at Crawfordville, Georgia.
Though small in stature, “Little . . . — — Map (db m186563) WM
Born in Clinton, Jones County, Georgia
February 14, 1829
Died Atlanta, Georgia
March 31, 1911
He was the son of
Alfred Iverson, Sr.
United States Senator for Georgia
Caroline Goode Holt . . . — — Map (db m64825) HM WM
A native of Indiana, Alice Dugged had an impressive educational experience: Wilberforce University, the University of Chicago, Howard University, Clark College, and Morris Brown College. In 1885 she married Jefferson Cary and the couple moved to . . . — — Map (db m186424) HM
Alonzo Herndon was born into slavery in Walton County, Georgia, in 1858. After moving to segregated Atlanta, Herndon opened several barbershops including the upscale Crystal Palace in 1902. In 1905, he purchased a small mutual aid association that . . . — — Map (db m185910) HM
In March of 1960, students of the six colleges comprising the Atlanta
University Center, having decided to challenge the scourge of
segregation in public and private facilities of Atlanta, presented a
manifesto entitled “An Appeal for Human . . . — — Map (db m185984) HM
This apartment building represents the ups and downs of the Auburn Avenue neighborhood. As property owners started to move away in the 1950s, numerous dwellings gradually fell into disrepair. Since 1982 the National Park Service and various civic . . . — — Map (db m73421) HM
In February 1960, here at the site of Yates and Milton Drugstore, three students
from Morehouse College - Lonnie King, Joseph Pierce, and Julian Bond-- began to
rally students from Atlanta's other historically black institutions-- . . . — — Map (db m185906) HM
On this site stood Yates and Milton Drug Store, the first African American Business of its kind in Atlanta.
It was here that the Atlanta Student Movement
was planned on February 4, 1960.
Clark College Class of 1961
Dedicated during . . . — — Map (db m185924) HM
By 1920, Auburn Avenue had become the "Main Street" of
Black Atlanta. Many prominent African Americans lived along or near this prosperous commercial avenue, where the city's leading Black enterprises and institutions could be found: real . . . — — Map (db m186002) HM
The Sisters of Mercy founded Atlanta's first hospital on this site in 1880.
Saint Joseph's Hospital occupied this location until 1978, when it moved to 5665 Peachtree-Dunwoody Road. — — Map (db m106785) HM
Johnston’s army [CS] moved to this side of the river July 9-10, 1864. French’s div., Stewarts A.C. was posted astride the R.R. to guard the left bank pending Federal crossings up river. July 18. With the Federal advance S. to Peachtree Cr. Valley, . . . — — Map (db m16583) HM
July 22, 1864. Gen. George Maney’s div. (Hardee’s A.C.) (CS) attacked the front of Giles Smith’s div., 17th A.C. (US) posted on Flat Shoals Road (Leggett’s Hill to Glenwood), while Cleburne’s div. attacked it from the rear. This forced the . . . — — Map (db m10241) HM
On this corner stood the Auburn Avenue Branch Carnegie Library for African-Americans, from 1923 to the 1950's.
Alice Dugged Carey, the first principal of Morris Brown University (now College), along with Dr. W.E.B. DuBois and others led the fight . . . — — Map (db m186423) HM
On this corner stood the Auburn Avenue Branch Carnegie Library for African-Americans, from 1923 to the 1950s. Alic Dugged Carey, the first principal of Morris Brown University (now College), along with Dr. W.E.B. Dubois and others led the fight to . . . — — Map (db m127281) HM
Pause and look up at this massive overpass: an entire block of Black-owned businesses were demolished to construct it. Buildings and businesses lost included Simmons Shoe Repair, Jordan Photography Studio, Star Cab Stand, Henray's Five and Dime, and . . . — — Map (db m186441) HM
200 yds. N.E. stood the plantation residence of Augustus F. Hurt (1830-1921), built 1858 and razed by Federal forces, 1864; erroneously cited in Official Records as the Howard house.
July 22, 1864. 4th & 23d A.C. troops, in line with Federal . . . — — Map (db m10276) HM
The outer Confederate defense line of Atlanta, located on E. slope of this hill, July 18, was evacuated the night of the 21st, 1864. July 22. The Federal 23d A.C., under Schofield, marching from the N.E. via Williams Mill Rd. intrenched a line W. & . . . — — Map (db m10275) HM
July 22, 1864. Baker's Alabama brigade (Col. J.H. Higley comdg.), Clayton's div., Cheatham's A.C., [CSA} was diverted N.E. in Clayton's attack on the 15th A.C. eastward, thus forming the extreme left of the line extending S. to Glenwood Ave. . . . — — Map (db m10105) HM
Baltimore Block was built in 1885 by Jacob J. Rosenthal. Named for the developer’s home town, the rowhouses were Atlanta’s first apartment-type development and the first to be based on a long-term land lease. Each of the graciously appointed . . . — — Map (db m47622) HM
The outer Atlanta defense line crossed Clear Cr. a short distance S.W. of Walker’s (or Jones’) Mill (just below the present R.R. bridge).
July 20, 1864. The right of Bate’s division (rt. of Hardee’s corps) (CSA) rested on Clear Creek. From this . . . — — Map (db m17293) HM
July 19, 1864. Morgan’s brigade (Davis’ div.), 14th A.C., was posted on the rt. of Dilworth’s brigade to support his crossing of Peachtree Creek at junction with Green Bone Cr. Morgan faced destructive fire from Confederate forces on the high bluff . . . — — Map (db m35687) HM
The name "Battle Hill" is associated with the area because of an engagement fought here on July 28, 1864. This was the 3d attempt of the Confederate forces under General John B. Hood to repel the 3 Federal armies, commanded by General Sherman, . . . — — Map (db m51402) HM
July 26, 1864. Brown’s & Clayton’s divs., Lee’s Corps [CS] led off the attack on the 15th corps [US] posted some 400 yds. N. of this rd.
Brown’s brigades: Johnston’s, Sharp’s & Brantly’s, were deployed W. of the cemetery Gate House ~ Manigault’s . . . — — Map (db m36096) HM
July 28, 1864. The 4 brigades of Brown’s Div., S. D. Lee’s A. C. [CS], deployed in this area, made the initial assaults on the Federal right flank posted on the ridge just N. E. Their combined attacks struck Lightburn's & Martin’s brigades of Morgan . . . — — Map (db m36095) HM
July 28, 1864. This marks the extreme right of Howard’s Army of the Tennessee during the Battle of Ezra Church. Lightburn’s brigade of M. L. Smith’s div., Logan’s A. C., occupied the immediate sector. From here the line ran S. E. to a salient angle . . . — — Map (db m53579) HM
July 28, 1864. Gen. A.P. Stewart, with Walthall’s and Long’s divisions of his A.C. [CS], reached the field in time to renew the attack. Walthall, on left, fared no better than Brown, in the same area.
Stewart, riding forward to this hill, . . . — — Map (db m50868) HM
After General John Bell Hood took command of the the army defending Atlanta he directed three Confederate failed attacks against Union Major General William T. Sherman's armies. On July 28, 1864, Union Major General Oliver O. Howard's "Army of the . . . — — Map (db m142514) HM
At 4:30 p.m. on July 20, 1864, 2,700 Confederate soldiers in two brigades of Major General William W Loring's division attacked the Federal '20th Corps, aligned north of Collier Road. "The enemy was in plain view about 700 yards distant occupying . . . — — Map (db m142521) HM
Federal siege operations not only involved the encircling line of Atlanta's defenses, but threatened the 2 railroads S.W. of the city. Pursuant thereto, Federal forces after the Battle of Ezra Church were shifted S., only to be confronted by a line . . . — — Map (db m71443) HM
By late July 1864 three major battles...Peach
Tree Creek, Atlanta and Ezra Church...had
weakened but not defeated the Confederate army
defending Atlanta. By that time Union Major
General William T. Sherman had begun inching
his troops southwest . . . — — Map (db m185975) HM
From this point extending three-fourths mile eastward the Confederate troops of Brig. Gen. John C. Brown's & Maj. Gen. Henry D. Clayton's Divisions (seven brigades) of Lieut. Gen. Stephen D. Lee's Corps, formed in line of battle.
From this . . . — — Map (db m87193) HM
Lt. Gen. John B. Hood, on taking command of the Army of Tennessee [CS], July 18, 1864, began aggressive action against the Federal approach to Atlanta from
upper Chattahoochee crossings. July 20. Hood’s 1st move was to attack Thomas’ Army of the . . . — — Map (db m14415) HM
July 22, 1864. When Brown’s (formerly Hindman’s) div., Cheatham’s A.C. (CS) attacked the Fed. Line E. of here, Benton’s Mississippi & Coltart’s Alabama brigades struck Harrow’s div. of the 15th A.C. (US), dislodging Williams’ & Oliver’s brigades. . . . — — Map (db m10472) HM
July 19, 1864. The march of Stanley’s div. (4th AC.) on the Old Cheshire Bridge Rd from Buckhead was delayed by the burning bridge at N. Fork, Peachtree Cr. Opposition by Confederate cavalry had marked the progress of the 4th AC. from the . . . — — Map (db m22224) HM
Big Bethel served as Sweet Auburn's City Hall, the site of mass meetings to improve the lives of Atlanta's blacks in the first half of the 20th century. The church established the Gate City Colored School, the first public school for black students . . . — — Map (db m186416) HM
The churches of Auburn Avenue — especially Big Bethel A.M.E., Wheat Street Baptist and Ebenezer Baptist — have played a dual role: they are places of worship, and they are centers of political, economic and social activity.
Founded during the . . . — — Map (db m186415) HM
Built 1895. Purchased 1909 by Dr. King's maternal grandfather, Dr. A. D. Williams. Birthplace of Dr. King 1929. Acquired with assistance of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority 1974. Designated as part of the National Historic Site 1980. Dedicated as part of . . . — — Map (db m73422) HM
One mile north where Sandy Creek flows into the Chattahoochee River, was the house of John B. Nelson, owner of Nelson´s Ferry in the 1820´s. His son, Allison Nelson was born there March, 1822. After service in the Mexican War, he was a . . . — — Map (db m14159) HM
The first glass of Coca-Cola was sold for five cents on May 8, 1886, at Jacobs' Pharmacy, a popular Atlanta soda fountain that was located on this corner. Coca-Cola was created by Atlanta pharmacist John Pemberton in his laboratory just a short walk . . . — — Map (db m187134) HM
Former slave, Principal of Tuskegee Institute and author of Up From Slavery, Washington delivered the Atlanta Exposition Address on September 18, 1895 at this site, the former auditorium of the Cotton States and International Exposition. . . . — — Map (db m73369) HM
On July 22, 1864,
Brig. Gen. A. M. Manigault’s Brigade, Hindman’s Div., Cheatham’s Corps, advancing
eastward from the Atlanta fortifications against the Federal 15th Corps posted at DeGress Ave., halted in this ravine to reform their line, . . . — — Map (db m36102) HM
This site was the original location of Bronner Brothers Hair Care Products. Nathaniel Bronner, the only male in the 1939 graduating class of the Apex Beauty College, established his hair care products business here in the 1950s.
Constructed in . . . — — Map (db m186414) HM
July 22, 1864: 3:30 P.M. Gen Hood (CS) launched an attack from the east line of the city fortifications, on the 15th A.C. astride the Ga. R.R. (at DeGress Ave.) - a mass assault by two divs. of Cheatham’s A.C.: Brown’s & Clayton’s.
Brown’s brigades . . . — — Map (db m10260) HM
After working all day, blacks crowded into five rooms over a grocery store here to take courses at Sylvia Bryant's adult night school. Bryant Preparatory Institute had four teachers and a full enrollment of 175 students when it opened in 1910. . . . — — Map (db m186432) HM
This was the home of the Rev. Peter James Bryant and, later Antoine Graves. Here Bryant wrote sermons he delivered as pastor of Wheat Street Baptist Church. He also worked as associate editor of The Voice of the Negro, a national literary . . . — — Map (db m73179) HM
The National Congress of Colored parents and teachers grew from a meeting called at the request of Selena Sloan Butler through the school principal, Cora B. Finley, at Yonge Street School, March 14, 1911. As interest grew, other school units were . . . — — Map (db m55232) HM
The section of the cemetery encompassing the area behind this marker, bounded by the lane to the east, the sidewalk to the west, and the wall to the south, was established in 1892 as the burial ground for Congregation Ahavath Achim, chartered in . . . — — Map (db m53310) HM
A notable eminence between Peachtree & Proctor’s creeks near the Chattahoochee River & named for John A. Casey (1820-1907) who lived on this hill near the old Montgomery Church. Prior to & during the 1860s, the road from Atlanta crossed this hill . . . — — Map (db m16530) HM
At this point, Atlanta’s outer defense line, beginning at Casey’s Hill 5.75 W., turned S. & parallel to Highland Ave., ran to the Ga. R.R. This angle was occupied July 18, 1864, by Stevenson’s div. Cheatham A.C. (CS) (Hood’s old command).
July 19, . . . — — Map (db m9545) HM
The Union Army used this cannon during the American Civil War, which was fought between 1861 and 1865. Called a siege cannon, it was too big and heavy to be used in most battles. Instead, it was used during sieges, which were lengthy assaults . . . — — Map (db m88227) HM
July 28, 1864. Dep1oyed a1ong the old Greensferry Rd. (West View Dr.) were Gibson’s, Holtzclaw’s and Baker’s brigades (Alabama and Louisiana troops), Clayton’s div., forming the right flank of Gen. S. D. Lee’s A. C. [CS] in the Battle Of Ezra . . . — — Map (db m53691) HM
July 28, 1864. Deployed along the old Greensferry Rd. (West View Dr.) were Gibson’s, Holtzclaw’s and Baker’s Brigades (Alabama and Louisiana troops), Clayton’s Div., forming the right flank of Gen. S. D. Lee’s A. C. [CS] in the Battle Of Ezra . . . — — Map (db m53710) HM
July 28, 1864. Deployed along the old Greensferry Rd. (West View Dr.) were Gibson’s, Holtzclaw’s & Baker’s brigades (Alabama & Louisiana troops), Clayton’s div., forming the right flank of Gen. S. D. Lee’s A. C. [CS] in the Battle Of Ezra Church. . . . — — Map (db m192389) HM
Clement A. Evans, Brig. Gen., C.S.A., began his military career in his native Stewart Co., Ga., where he was commissioned Major in Co. E, 31st Ga. Infantry. He rapidly rose in rank and in Nov. 1864, was put in command of a division, succeeding . . . — — Map (db m64826) HM
One mile south from this point, near the current corner of Wycliff Road and 28th Street, a gallant Confederate soldier known to his men as the “Rock” was mortally wounded by an artillery round while leading an assault against entrenched . . . — — Map (db m142547) HM
Media mogul Ted Turner launched the Cable News Network — CNN — in Atlanta on June 1, 1980, as the world's first 24-hour all-news network. Turner had revolutionized cable television by beaming Superstation TBS around the globe by satellite and was . . . — — Map (db m187170) HM
Four regiments ~ 33d & 85th Ind., 19th Mich. & 22d Wis. ~ Col. John Coburn’s brigade, Ward’s 3d div., 20th A.C., were posted in this sector ~ the 22d Wis. on the ridge as skirmishers, the other three in the ravine N. of the road. The left of . . . — — Map (db m16382) HM
150 ft. down stream, on the right bank of Tanyard Branch, stood an ante-bellum grist mill built & operated by Andrew J. Collier, pioneer resident of this area. (1827-1887). A notable landmark at the time of the Battle of Peachtree Creek - July 20, . . . — — Map (db m16497) HM
Here rest the remains of Colonel Joseph F. Burke. In 1861, at age 16, he was in the Confederate States Forces defending Charleston, SC, when it was invaded and attacked by Union Forces attempting to reach Fort Sumter. As Commander, Colonel Burke led . . . — — Map (db m186559) HM
Near here the command and tactics of the Confederate Army were changed July 18th 1864.
Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman (US) had been trying for months to force Gen. Joseph E. Johnston (CS) to abandon delaying tactics and face overwhelming odds in . . . — — Map (db m55624) HM
This battery was one of several cavalry outposts maintained by Wheeler's Cavalry (CS) to watch the ferries and fords along the Chattahoochee River in 1864. The battery position consisted of a single piece of light artillery protected by strong . . . — — Map (db m9553) HM
This line of works in Adams Park is one of the few remaining sections of the exterior portion of Atlanta's defenses designed as a barrier to Federal attempts to cut the two railroads that enter the city from the S.W. Built about August 1 it joined . . . — — Map (db m18820) HM
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