Harriet Tubman spent some of her childhood on this farm once owned by Edward Brodess. It was here that she experienced the comforts of family and the cruelties of slavery.
Tubman was born a few miles away, on Anthony Thompson's plantation. . . . — — Map (db m205133) HM
The Call of Freedom
In the mid-19th century, 8,000 African Americans lived in Dorchester County. Roughly half were slaves; most of the rest worked as free laborers. Enslaved blacks, free blacks, and abolitionist whites worked together to . . . — — Map (db m3959) HM
Dorchester County occupies a central place in the story of the Underground Railroad, the secret network of "stations" and "conductors" that sheltered and shepherded hundreds of enslave African Americans to freedom in the mid-1800s. The famed . . . — — Map (db m126550) HM
The "Moses of her People", Harriett Tubman of the Bucktown District found freedom for herself and some three hundred other slaves whom she led north. In the Civil War she served the Union army as a nurse, scout and spy. — — Map (db m3956) HM
While in this store, a young adolescent Harriet witnessed an enslaved young man fleeing his overseer. He darted from his master's control. In the turmoil, Harriet defied a direct order to help restrain the young man. It was her first known public . . . — — Map (db m205134) HM
Oldest community-owned one-room schoolhouse still intact in Dorchester County. First constructed c. 1865 near Church Creek. Moved here in 1867, it was used continuously until July 15, 1966, as Rock Elementary School for students in grades 1 through . . . — — Map (db m3968) HM
Original home of Rev. Daniel Maynadier, who served as rector of the Great Choptank Parish from 1765-1772.
Rebuilt in 1840 by Henry Page a distinguished lawyer and state senator. — — Map (db m114733) HM
A Landscape and Lifestyle Defined by Water Dorchester County consists of 688 square miles of which approximately 1/3 is water. The extensive waterways and marshland have played a significant role in the development of the county. Only 20 miles . . . — — Map (db m8349) HM
A year after her escape, Harriet made it her mission to, with the help of God, free her family from slavery. In December 1850, she secretly planned her first rescue.
Harriet Tubman's niece, Kessiah Bowley, and her two children were to be . . . — — Map (db m204997) HM
When Harriet Tubman engaged with the Underground Railroad, she tapped into a secret network of people who firmly believed it was time to end slavery. There were always some enslaved people who seized opportunities to flee to freedom, but by the . . . — — Map (db m205003) HM
Annie "Little Sureshot" Oakley and her husband Frank Butler lived in Cambridge from 1913 to 1915. They first came to Cambridge in 1913 as part of the touring Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show. They fell in love with the area and built a home on . . . — — Map (db m205135) HM
In the 1780s, African American Methodists in Philadelphia and Baltimore walked out of white-controlled Methodist churches to protest discriminatory treatment. In 1816, these independent black Methodists from Philadelphia, Baltimore and elsewhere . . . — — Map (db m138278) HM
Harriet Tubman, known as "Minty", was born to Rittia 'Rit' Green Ross, her mother, and Benjamin 'Ben' Ross, her father. Ben and Rit Ross were both enslaved (but to different owners) at the time of Harriet's birth. The number of Harriet Tubman's . . . — — Map (db m109922) HM
"I was a stranger in a strange land; and my home, after all, was down in Maryland, because my father, my mother, my brothers, and sisters, and friends were there. But I was free, and they should be free."
Harriet Tubman to . . . — — Map (db m205004) HM
Originally part of the Choptank Indian Reservation laid out for them in 1669. Cambridge was made a port of entry by the Assembly in 1684. It is one of the few towns authorized at that early date that has survived. — — Map (db m3963) HM
The Choptank River Bridge Prior to the Governor Emerson C. Harrington Bridge which was built over the Great Choptank River in 1935 (the Chesapeake Bay Bridge at Kent Island did not open until 1947) ferries were used to cross the river. . . . — — Map (db m12698) HM
The Chesapeake Bay was once the extended valley of the Susquehanna River, which flowed directly into the ocean near the mouth of the bay. The Bay and all its tributaries were once non-tidal freshwater rivers flowing through valleys in the last ice . . . — — Map (db m8348) HM
The original church erected year 1693 was destroyed and restored year 1794 and again rebuilt in year 1863. The wall was erected year 1762. The grounds contain graves of Revolutionary and other war heroes. Also of men famous in state and country. — — Map (db m73052) HM
The Slavery Conflict Deepens
During the 1850's the deep-rooted conflict between pro-slavery and anti-slavery Americans intensified. The 'abolitionists' were united around the common long-run goal of abolishing slavery. But they differed . . . — — Map (db m109916) HM
Boarded by two rivers that flow into the Chesapeake Bay, Dorchester County is graced with expansive marshes, fertile farmland, and scented pine forests. Here on the south shore of the Choptank River, the county seat of Cambridge boasts the only deep . . . — — Map (db m66638) HM
During the Civil War, U.S. Col. James Wallace, commander of the 1st Regiment, Eastern Shore Maryland Volunteers, used this building as his headquarters. The regiment which camped east of here, drew most of its members directly from the Eastern . . . — — Map (db m113141) HM
During the Civil War, Union Co. James Wallace (1818-1887), 1st Regiment, Eastern Shore Maryland Volunteers, used this building as his headquarters. The unit, which camped east of here, enlisted most of its members from the Eastern Shore. It . . . — — Map (db m205006) HM
The Pine Street Elementary School built here about 1918, was the pride of the African American community in Cambridge. Located in the city's second ward, the segregated school was a one-story wooden building with a full basement. The entire . . . — — Map (db m138281) HM
Take a stroll along our one mile waterfront trail. This boardwalk stretches from the Franklin Street boat ramp, near Governor’s Hall, to the end of the Choptank River fishing pier.
A wide variety of native plants flourish all around the . . . — — Map (db m66640)
The landscapes here may look timeless—but they’re constantly changing. Since the Chesapeake Bay reached its present shape about 4,000 years ago, tides continue to tug at the shore, wind and storms, reshape the coastline, land settles, and the . . . — — Map (db m78735) HM
The Call of Freedom
Dorchester County occupies a central place in the story of the Underground Railroad, the secret network of "stations" and "conductors" that sheltered and shepherded hundreds of enslave African Americans to freedom in the . . . — — Map (db m3964) HM
Birthplace of William Vans Murray. Appointed minister to the Hague by President George Washington March 2, 1787. He served until 1801. He was minister plenipotentiary to Paris as one of the negotiators of the treaty with France, signed in 1800, . . . — — Map (db m3966) HM
Has been paced on the
Of Historic Places
By the United States
Department of the Interior
Cambridge Historic District
By the U.S. Dept
Of the Interior
Historic . . . — — Map (db m113431) HM
Charles Goldsborough, governor of Maryland in 1818, lived in a manor house across Shoal Creek. The house was demolished in the early 1970s and this rare brick stable building is all that remains of the plantation. It was moved here in 1987 and . . . — — Map (db m138287) HM
Governor Charles Goldsborough of Shoal Creek died December 13, 1834. He was the son of Charles and Anna Maria Tilghman Goldsborough.
A Congressman from Maryland, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1790. He became a member of the . . . — — Map (db m205034) HM
Emerson Columbus Harrington was born March 26, 1864 in Madison, MD, the son of John Edward and Anne Aurelia Thompson Harrington. He married Gertrude Johnson.
Emerson Harrington attended public schools and St. John's College in Annapolis . . . — — Map (db m205035) HM
Phillips Lee Goldsborough was born in 1865 the son of Martin Worthington and Henrietta Maria Jones Goldsborough. He married Ellen Showell of Berlin, MD.
Mr. Goldsborough was educated in Dorchester County, studied law with Daniel M. Henry, . . . — — Map (db m205036) HM
Governor Henry Lloyd was the son of Daniel and Catherine (Kitty) Henry Lloyd. He was born on February 21, 1852. In 1886 he married Mary Elizabeth Stapleforte with whom he had one son Henry Lloyd, Jr.
Henry Lloyd graduated from the Cambridge . . . — — Map (db m205038) HM
Governor John Henry was born at Weston near Vienna November 1750. Upon graduation from Princeton College, he devoted himself to the study of law. He completed his law education at the Middle Temple in England. Upon his return to America in 1775, . . . — — Map (db m205024) HM
The local community, joined by others across the nation, honors its native daughter, Harriet Ross Tubman. Her memory endures through artistic expression in works of literature, music, sculpture, paint, photography, performance, and more. . . . — — Map (db m109915) HM
One of the oldest buildings in Cambridge, the Caile-Bayly house was built sometime in the mid-18th century. Based on archaeology and analysis by architectural historians, the one-room cabin behind the house appears to have initially functioned as . . . — — Map (db m205040) HM
In the first half of the 20th century, Pine Street in Cambridge pulsed to the music of the world's greatest jazz and blues musicians. The neighborhood was then a stop on the "Chitlin' Circuit," the network of nightclubs and theaters traveled by . . . — — Map (db m138282) HM
Harriet Tubman led many slaves from Dorchester County to Canada (via the suspension bridge at Niagara Falls). One trip with "fugitive slaves" occurred in November 1856, when Tubman conducted Josia (Joe) Bailey, William Bailey, Peter Pennington . . . — — Map (db m109913) HM
Rooted in Cambridge
John Barth – called “one of the greatest novelists of our time” – was born in Cambridge on May 27, 1930 and grew up on Aurora Street. While living here, Barth frequented his father’s soda fountain, . . . — — Map (db m113436) HM
Dedicated to the memory of John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States who on this spot May 14, 1960, addressed the people of Dorchester County.
"Ask not what your country can do for you, but ask what you can do for your country." — — Map (db m73050) HM
Agriculture has been a mainstay of the local culture and economy for centuries. In the1700s, grain production was so widespread that the Eastern Shore was called the “breadbasket of the American Revolution.” The farming tradition . . . — — Map (db m78733) HM
As a deep-water tributary of the Chesapeake Bay, the Choptank River was a commercial artery of the Eastern Shore since colonial times. Cargoes of timber, tobacco, and farm harvests were hoisted by dockworkers to waiting ships.
During the . . . — — Map (db m78737) HM
Although isolated from Maryland's largest population centers, the Eastern Shore was important to the state's role in the Civil War and exemplified the citizens' divided loyalties.
In the years before the war, enslaved African-Americans here . . . — — Map (db m8331) HM
Welcome to Dorchester County! When the Civil War intruded into quiet communities, residents here, as elsewhere on the Eastern Shore, faced difficult choices.
Before the war, enslaved African Americans here began escaping bondage via the . . . — — Map (db m190251) HM
Once a focal point of a large farm as LaGrange, Meredith House is is one of the few remaining Georgian houses in Cambridge. Purchased by the Dorchester County Historical Society in 1959, the house is furnished with antiques reflecting the heritage . . . — — Map (db m3967) HM
This Georgian-style home was built about 1760. It contains furniture of the Federal and Victorian periods, portraits of people who once lived in Dorchester County, china, silver, handmade quilts, clothing, and toys. The Governor room displays . . . — — Map (db m138288) HM
The Neild Museum, opened in 1980, includes farm implements and equipment used by local Dorchester County farmers. It features a farm kitchen and barn, and displays the history of local agriculture. — — Map (db m138289) HM
John Brohawn was born in lower Dorchester County in April 1761. He married Mary Edmondson. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary War.
When he died November 10, 1820, he was buried on his farm near Taylor's Island. His remains and tombstone . . . — — Map (db m205026) HM
John Stewart McNamara died July 8, 1823 age 68 years. He was married to Lavina Lake.
He was a lieutenant in the Revolutionary War. Lt. McNamara's remains were moved from the family graveyard in the Lakes District through the efforts of Dr. . . . — — Map (db m205028) HM
Inscription: "Sacred to the memory of Nathan Griffin who departed this life June 18th 1837, in the 78th year of his life. At an early age he joined the Revolutionary Army and nobly went forward in defense of this country's invaded rights. He . . . — — Map (db m205029) HM
Richard Pattison, the son of Jacob Pattison, was born on Taylors Island. He was married to Mary McKeel.
During the Revolutionary war Richard Pattison was in the company of lower Dorchester County under Captain Charles . . . — — Map (db m205025) HM
On January 15, 2008 a major fire gutted this 1925 building and destroyed two antiques businesses. The historic structure was about to be demolished when community members rallied to save this facade so that it could remain a part of our streetscape . . . — — Map (db m205063) HM
This box-like structure on the outside of the lighthouse represents the outhouse for the lighthouse keepers. In the original lighthouse, the outhouse was an enclosed room that extended out from the wall and across the deck. The unheated privy was . . . — — Map (db m205053) HM
Henry Steele, the first member of the Steele family in Dorchester County Maryland, came from White Haven Cumberland County, England in 1740. He settled near Vienna and married Ann Billings, daughter of James and Ann Rider Billings.
Henry . . . — — Map (db m205008) HM
Robert Goldsborough, the son of Charles and Elizabeth Ennalls Goldsborough, was born on December 2, 1733. Robert studied law in the Temple in London in which city he remained for a number of years. He married Sarah Yerbury of London in 1755 and . . . — — Map (db m205007) HM
The David and Polly Robbins Heritage Center, opened in 2007, features exhibits on Native Americans, hunting and trapping, local Dorchester County industry, including both canning and seafood. The workshop of Ron Rue, a local and internationally . . . — — Map (db m138291) HM
Shoal Creek was once a 378-acre plantation boasting a three-story, brick manor house whose owners included john Woolford and Gov. Charles Goldsborough. The 16-room dwelling survived until 1970, accumulating tales of hauntings, secrete passages, . . . — — Map (db m205108) HM
Smokehouse / Strong House
This building was originally used as a Smokehouse, as indicated by its smoked and charred beams, and was gifted to the Historical Society in 1964. It originally stood at Belvoir Plantation on the Horn Point Road near . . . — — Map (db m138290) HM
In October 1857, ten years before Stanley Institute was established two large groups of enslaved families successfully fled this area.
Caroline and Daniel Stanley and their six children escaped with Nat and Lizzie Amby and six others. Two . . . — — Map (db m114843) HM
William Still (1821- 1902) was born in Burlington New Jersey. His parents had been enslaved on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. To escape slavery, William Still’s parents and their young daughter fled to New Jersey before . . . — — Map (db m117270) HM
Perhaps one of the oldest buildings in Cambridge, the Bayly home was lived in by affluent and accomplished Maryland families. Although we know a fair amount about Dr. Alexander Hamilton Bayly, there is little known about the dozens of enslaved . . . — — Map (db m205047) HM
The life of a traditional waterman may sound romantic, being out on the water, watching the sunrise, working with the tides. Then there's reality. It's grueling work to harvest crabs, oysters, and fish.
A Disappearing Way of Life
For . . . — — Map (db m204995) HM
Because the original Choptank River Lighthouse was located two miles off shore, keepers went to work by launch boat, pictured above. We've created a replica of that boat, designed according to blueprints filed with the U.S. National Archives and . . . — — Map (db m205052) HM
Insult and Injury on the Train to New York
The Civil War ended in April 1865.
The irony of the situation added insult to injury. She had dedicated her life for three years, at great personal risk to the Union cause. Now a railroad . . . — — Map (db m109919) HM
As a deep water tributary of the Chesapeake Bay, the Choptank River was a commercial artery of the Eastern Shore since colonial times. Cargoes of timber, tobacco, and farm harvests were hoisted by dockworkers to waiting ships.
During the early . . . — — Map (db m144447) HM
In 1869, a visitor to Cambridge, was reported to have remarked, "My first view was of a sheet of sparkling blue water, the Choptank… The town across a bridged inlet, shone in the sunshine, and the rich foliage in which its houses were buried . . . — — Map (db m205061) HM
In this cemetery is the grave of Thomas Holliday Hicks, Governor of Maryland 1858-1862 and United States Senator from Maryland 1862-1865. At the beginning of the Civil War during his tenure as governor, the position of Maryland was more important . . . — — Map (db m3971) HM
This monument, erected by the state in 1868, honors Thomas Holliday Hicks, a native and life resident of Dorchester County. Late in 1860, and early 1861 as Maryland’s first Civil War governor, he opposed the doctrines of secession and coercion. In . . . — — Map (db m113146) HM
President Roosevelt visited Cambridge on October 26, 1935, to participate in the dedication of the Emerson C. Harrington Bridge. This stack was removed from the U.S.S. Potomac, which carried him on numerous historic occasions. It enclosed the . . . — — Map (db m3965) HM
There are many nearby places associated with Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. Much of the landscape retains a rural character, evocative of an earlier time. Why not take a ride and explore Harriet's world?
The Eastern Shore Hospital Center had its beginning in 1912 as a result of the General Assembly's decision to provide care for the mentally ill residents of the Eastern Shore counties of Maryland. The hospital was built on approximately 250 acres . . . — — Map (db m205105) HM
In the early 1900's businesses were numerous and prosperous from the south end of Pine to where it intersects with High Street.
The neighborhood was filled with beauty salons, barber shops, funeral homes, and taxi cab stands, shoe repair . . . — — Map (db m138279) HM
• Come in and explore the history of wooden boatbuilding in Dorchester County and the Chesapeake Bay.
• Meet Captain James B. ("Mr. James") Richardson and the other innovative builders who created the wooden vessels that shaped the local . . . — — Map (db m138283) HM
The first American Methodist Bishop, Frances Asbury appointed Freeborn Garrettson as pastor to five Methodist Societies in Dorchester County in 1779. The societies grew into congregations of Methodist Episcopal Churches; Zion Methodist Episcopal . . . — — Map (db m138285) HM
The Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, one of over 560 national wildlife refuges, provides critical habitats for native plants and wildlife.
The 17 acres that for the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad State Park are surrounded by the . . . — — Map (db m114439) HM
It is no accident that for years more fugitives escaped from slavery in Maryland than any other state—the 1850 census recorded 259 runaways. Location played a critical role in these escapes. Networks of black and white abolitionists helped . . . — — Map (db m168865) HM
The 125-mile Harriet Tubman Tubman Underground Railroad Byway is the only place in the nation that preserves and interprets the landscapes where Harriet Tubman was born, lived, labored, and fled. In 1849, she liberated herself from the . . . — — Map (db m205114) HM
A Species in Peril This squirrel is presently restricted to local populations found on the Delmarva Peninsula in Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. It lives mostly in mixed strands of mature hardwoods. Habitats include groves of trees along . . . — — Map (db m79139) HM
The Call of Freedom Dorchester County occupies a central place in the story of the Underground Railroad, the secret network of “stations” and “conductors” assisting hundreds of enslaved African Americans to reach . . . — — Map (db m78804) HM
Born into slavery, Harriet Tubman did not submit to bondage. She witnessed the horrifying sale of her three sisters to slave traders. The likelihood of her meeting a similar fate was frightfully real. In 1849, she escaped with her two brothers. . . . — — Map (db m205122) HM
Born nearby on Anthony Thompson's plantation in 1822, Harriet Tubman spent more than 25 years living and laboring amid landscapes like these.
This watery, lowland environment shaped the nature of life here. Tubman learned how to navigate . . . — — Map (db m205119) HM
Church Creek sits along MD Route 16, which follows an ancient Indian trail between the Chesapeake and Delaware bays. More enslaved people were able to escape from farms, homes, and businesses along this northbound road than from other parts of . . . — — Map (db m205120) HM
Long a community of watermen, this chain of islands bears name of family who settled in Dorchester County from southern Maryland in latter part of 17th century. Active in colonial affairs in 18th century was Col. Henry Hooper, whose seat was . . . — — Map (db m3997) HM
A Tail of Two Rodents Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge is home to the muskrat and, until recently, the nutria, both members of the rodent family. The muskrat is native to the area while the nutria was introduced from South America in the . . . — — Map (db m79128) HM
The area before you is a moist soil impoundment constructed in 1936 known as “Pool 1.” This 50-acre wetland was improved and enlarged in 2008 by a partnership that include Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, the family of Gibby Roe, Ducks . . . — — Map (db m78894) HM
Built before 1767 by Richard Tubman II, to serve the Roman Catholics who had worshipped in this area since the second half of the 17th century. Early unmarked burial vaults on site.
Chapel enlarged in 1819 and in 1868. Suppressed and sold in . . . — — Map (db m154339) HM
A Survivor Tens of thousands of bald eagles soared over the United States as late as 1800. In time, their population dwindled due to habitat loss, environmental contaminants, and illegal shooting. By the 1960s, only 400 adults remained. . . . — — Map (db m78896) HM
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge is part of the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem. This refuge encompasses two rivers which share its name. The Little Blackwater flows into the Blackwater River south of the refuge Observation Site. The Blackwater River . . . — — Map (db m79127) HM
Explore the scenic byway, follow the path to freedom and discover Harriet Tubman's rich history.
Experience extraordinary stories of courage along the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway. With unspoiled landscapes virtually unchanged . . . — — Map (db m114437) HM
Discover the extraordinary life and legacy of Harriet Tubman in the landscape of her childhood and early adult life.
Harriet Ross Tubman, an American legendary human rights advocate and suffragist, was born in enslaved in Dorchester . . . — — Map (db m114438) HM
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