“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Franklin County, Pennsylvania

Clickable Map of Franklin County, Pennsylvania and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Franklin County, PA (210) Adams County, PA (1393) Cumberland County, PA (357) Fulton County, PA (46) Huntingdon County, PA (83) Juniata County, PA (15) Perry County, PA (52) Frederick County, MD (548) Washington County, MD (864)  FranklinCounty(210) Franklin County (210)  AdamsCounty(1393) Adams County (1393)  CumberlandCounty(357) Cumberland County (357)  FultonCounty(46) Fulton County (46)  HuntingdonCounty(83) Huntingdon County (83)  JuniataCounty(15) Juniata County (15)  PerryCounty(52) Perry County (52)  FrederickCountyMaryland(548) Frederick County (548)  WashingtonCounty(864) Washington County (864)
Chambersburg is the county seat for Franklin County
Adjacent to Franklin County, Pennsylvania
      Adams County (1393)  
      Cumberland County (357)  
      Fulton County (46)  
      Huntingdon County (83)  
      Juniata County (15)  
      Perry County (52)  
      Frederick County, Maryland (548)  
      Washington County, Maryland (864)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Antrim Township — Brown's Mill School
Built in 1836. Used until 1921 as one-room elementary school.Map (db m84007) HM
2Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Antrim Township — Corporal William H. RihlCo. C, 1st N.Y. Cavalry
(Front):To the memory of Corporal William H. Rihl. Co. C. 1st N.Y. (Lincoln) Cavalry. Who was killed on this spot June 22, 1863 (Left):The First Union Soldier killed in action in Pennsylvania (Back):An humble but brave . . . Map (db m11616) HM
3Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Antrim Township — Gettysburg Campaign
Over this route Confederate General R.S. Ewell's 2d Army Corps led Lee's invading forces on June 22, 1863. Next day Gen. Jubal Early, under Ewell's command, entered the state to the east, near Waynesboro.Map (db m7999) HM
4Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Antrim Township — Gettysburg Campaign
Here on June 22, 1863, the First N.Y. Cavalry attacked the Southern advance force of cavalry under Gen. A.G. Jenkins. Here died the first Union soldier killed in action in Pennsylvania. Corporal William H. Rihl of Philadelphia, serving in a . . . Map (db m167824) HM
5Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Antrim Township — Greencastle
Named for Greencastle in north of Ireland Founded 1750Map (db m192337) HM
6Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Antrim Township — Old Brown's Mill School
Originally known as Trinity Church and School. Erected in 1836 at land donated by Lazarus Brown for free school and non denominational church purposes. Funds ($391.36) for this building were contributed by 51 citizens. Used by Antrim Twp. until . . . Map (db m84016) HM
Paid Advertisement
7Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Blue Ridge Summit — The Retreat From GettysburgHill’s Corps
At 8:00 a.m. on July 5, General A.P. Hill’s Corps led the Confederate retreat. They marched along the old Fairfield Road to Monterey Pass. Leading Hill’s Corps was General Richard Anderson’s Division, followed by General William Pender’s Division. . . . Map (db m204968) HM
8Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Abolitionist John Brown Boards in Chambersburg
Preparing for the raid on Harpers Ferry arsenal, John Brown came to Chambersburg in the summer of 1859 wearing a beard as a disguise and using the alias of Isaac Smith. He took up residence at Mary Ritner’s boarding house on East King Street, . . . Map (db m201726) HM
9Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Burning of Chambersburg
Occupied the morning of July 30, 1864, by cavalry of Confederate Gen. John McCausland. Failing to obtain ransom, he burned the town in reprisal for ruin in the Shenandoah Valley by Gen. David Hunter.Map (db m2140) HM
10Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Chambersburg
Settled 1734 by Benjamin Chambers, who laid out “Chambers Town” in 1764. Seat of Franklin County since 1784. Scene of Civil War events: Raided by “Jeb” Stuart, 1862; occupied by Confederates in 1863; and burned by them in . . . Map (db m35807) HM
11Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Chambersburg
Settled 1734 by Benjamin Chambers, who laid out "Chambers Town" in 1764. Seat of Franklin County since 1784. Scene of Civil War events: Raided by "Jeb" Stuart, 1862; occupied by Confederates in 1863; and burned by them in 1864.Map (db m92222) HM
12Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Chambersburg
Settled 1734 by Benjamin Chambers, who laid out "Chambers Town" in 1764. Seat of Franklin County since 1784. Scene of Civil War events: Raided by "Jeb" Stuart, 1862; occupied by Confederates in 1863; and burned by them in 1864.Map (db m92625) HM
13Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Chambersburg Founded A.D. 1764
Burned by rebel cavalry July 30, A.D. 1864 Destroyed Buildings 537 Value of Real Estate $713,294.34 Value of Personal Property $915,137.24Map (db m8097) HM
Paid Advertisement
14Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Confederate Conference
On June 26, 1863, Gen. Robert E. Lee, and staff, entered this square. After conferring with Gen. A.P. Hill, near the middle of the 'Diamond', Lee turned eastward and made headquarters at the edge of town.Map (db m8099) HM
15Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Falling Spring Church
Founded 1734; main part of present church built 1803. One of the Presbyterian churches marking the first great settlement of Scotch-Irish pioneers west of the Susquehanna.Map (db m8062) HM
16Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Finding Your WayLincoln Highway Heritage Corridor
Arches were a common site across the Lincoln Highway route. A Gateway Arch, now removed, spanned Lincoln Way East. The wooden arch greeted travelers as they passed through downtown. It was at this very intersection (Lincoln Highway and U. S. Route . . . Map (db m35181) HM
17Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — First Lutheran Church
This church, the third building, stands on the site of a log church built in 1780 by the Lutheran and Reformed and used jointly by the congregations till 1808. The land was granted by Benjamin Chambers.Map (db m8121) HM
18Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Fort Chambers
Erected in 1756 by Col. Benjamin Chambers, pioneer land-owner and founder of the town, who fortified his house and mill with stockade and cannon against Indians.Map (db m8114) HM
19Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Fort Chambers
Southwest 150 Feet Erected 1755-56 by Colonel Benjamin Chambers Founder of Chambersburg A two story stone structure surrounded By a moat A stockade manned by two swivel guns Enclosed the fort, flour mill, sawmill, And dwelling. . . . Map (db m18645) HM
20Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Founding Family Memorial Statue"The Homecoming"
On March 30, 1734, Benjamin Chambers, a Scots-Irish immigrant and millwright was granted a Blunston License by the Penn family to develop a 400-acre plantation and gristmill for the first Franklin County settlement, named the Falling Spring . . . Map (db m18630) HM
Paid Advertisement
21Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Franklin County
Formed on September 9, 1784 from Cumberland County and named for Benjamin Franklin. Site of Falling Spring, noted limestone trout stream. Birthplace of James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States. Chambersburg, county seat, was laid out 1764.Map (db m2142) HM
22Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Franklin County World War I MemorialSpirit of the American Doughboy
They shall live forevermore our glorious dead 1917       1919 Erected to the memory of the men and women of Franklin County who gave their lives in the World War “Greater love hath no man than this that a man lay down his life for . . . Map (db m14021) HM WM
23Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Frederick Douglass and John Brown
The two abolitionists met at a stone quarry here, Aug. 19-21, 1859, and discussed Brown's plans to raid the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry. He urged Douglass to join an armed demonstration against slavery. Douglass refused, warning the raid would . . . Map (db m201754) HM
24Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — French & Indian War – Revolutionary War – War of 1812Soldiers of Franklin County
French and Indian War     1755-1758 In this war there were so far as can be determined two or three organized companies of Associators within the present limits of the county, who took part in the several campaigns to the West, in suppression . . . Map (db m45163) HM
25Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Gettysburg Campaign
Gen. A.G. Jenkins' Southern cavalry raided Chambersburg June 15-17, 1863, prior to the main invasion; and later led the invading army, June 22-24. Gen. R.E. Lee entered Chambersburg on June 26.Map (db m84014) HM
26Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — 23 — Hannah PattersonNational Votes for Women Trail — Road to the 19th Amendment —
Pennsylvania State Chair, Woman's Suffrage Party and a National Advocate for Women's Suffrage. Wilson College Trustee 1913-1917, 1922-1937.Map (db m159608) HM
27Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Israel Benevolent Society Cemetery
Consecrated in 1844, this cemetery provided a place for Jews to be properly buried under the requirement of Judaic law. Founded by Chevrah Kaddishah (Holy Burial Society), it is the first Jewish cemetery west of Philadelphia formed during a period . . . Map (db m8118) HM
28Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — John Brown
Boarded in this house for a while in the summer of 1859 under the name of "Smith". While in Chambersburg, he secretly received firearms and ammunition. Later in 1859, Brown led a raid on the arsenal at Harper's Ferry.Map (db m201755) HM
29Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Joseph Winters(c.1816-1916)
African American inventor who secured a U.S. patent for the first fire escape ladder and hose conductor in 1878. In 1879 Winters was issued a second U.S. patent for improvements to the original invention. Winters was active in the Underground . . . Map (db m8058) HM
30Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — King Street ChurchFounded 1878
King Street Church moved to the southwest corner from the northeast corner of King and Second Streets in 1936, expanding to accommodate growth. For 63 years, the church was led by Dr. Clyde W. Meadows (1928-1961), and Dr. Paul B. Baker (1961-1991). . . . Map (db m8060) HM
31Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Martin Delany(1812 - 1885)
Delany was an influential abolitionist, civil rights activist, Army officer, and prominent physician. The son of an enslaved father and free mother received his education in Chambersburg. He went on to publish an anti-slavery newspaper, "The . . . Map (db m201756) HM
32Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Masonic Temple
Built 1823-1824. Oldest Pennsylvania building erected solely for Masonic use and now used exclusively for that purpose. Spared when Confederates burned town on July 30, 1864.Map (db m8057) HM
33Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Memorial Fountain and Union Soldier Statue
Erected at center of Memorial Square to honor over 5,000 Franklin County soldiers who served in Civil War, 1861-65. Secured through gifts of Franklin County citizens and dedicated July 17, 1878. Entered in National Register of Historic Places, May . . . Map (db m8095) HM
34Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Messersmith's Woods
Name of grove selected by Gen. R.E. Lee for his headquarters, June 26-30, 1863. Here he issued the order for the concentration of troops near Gettysburg. Site of woods is just south of this point.Map (db m8122) HM
35Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Mexican War – Spanish American War – World WarSoldiers of Franklin County
Mexican War     1846-1848 --------------- 4 officers and 122 men – Co. B, 11th U.S. Regular Infantry. Approximately 325 men enlisted in the U.S. Army from Franklin County. --------------- Spanish American War     1898-1899 . . . Map (db m45168) HM
36Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Morrow Tavern
A two-story stone house occupied as a tavern by William Morrow stood on this site. George Washington, with staff, lodged here, Oct. 12, 1794, when traveling west to review troops assembled at Bedford to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion.Map (db m8101) HM
37Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Old Franklin County Jail
Of Georgian design, this jail was built in 1818 and was in continuous use for 152 years. The third oldest building in the borough, it survived the burning of Chambersburg by Confederate forces during the Civil War.Map (db m8059) HM
38Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Philip Berlin
Recognized as the inventor of the first sleeping car in U.S. for use of travelers. The car, "Chambersburg", was operated as early as 1838 between Harrisburg and Chambersburg. He lies buried in graveyard at rear of church.Map (db m8120) HM
39Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Suesserott House
Built about 1807. Later, it was the home of Dr. Jacob Suesserott, a prominent physician, dentist and surgeon. The fire started by Confederate cavalry on July 30, 1864, was arrested at this point.Map (db m8119) HM
40Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — The Burning of Chambersburg
During the Gettysburg campaign, Confederate troops were restrained, under orders, from destroying non-government property. By the time of the Rebels’ next raid into the North, however, the policy had changed. On July 30, 1864, Brigadier General . . . Map (db m201727) HM
41Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — The Greatest Sacrifice / Prelude to Gettysburg
The price of war is devastation. Franklin County paid the price when its county seat, Chambersburg, was burned to the ground in 1864. Invaded in 1862, 1863, and 1864 by Confederate forces, Franklin County has the distinction of suffering more . . . Map (db m201757) HM
42Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — The John Jack Tavern
On this site stood the John Jack Tavern. Operated by the family of James Jack, courier of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. The Tavern was used from 1784 until 1794 as a courthouse and jail for Franklin County.Map (db m8098) HM
43Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — This Dwight D. Eisenhower Green Ash
Was planted by the Veterans of Foreign Wars, Post 1599 in honor of all those men and women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II. This living memorial will stand as a humble reminder of the sacrifices and dedication of these men . . . Map (db m8115) WM
44Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Thompson's Rifle Battalion: Capt. James Chambers' Company
Recruited in this part of Cumberland (now Franklin) County, Chambers' Company was a unit of the first battalion in the colonies authorized by Congress, in June 1775. From here this company marched about 450 miles to join the siege of Boston. The . . . Map (db m8116) HM
45Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — U.S.S. Maine Memorial
In Memoriam U.S.S. Maine Destroyed in Havana Harbor February 15th 1898 This tablet is cast from metal recovered from the U.S.S. Maine In memoriam to Walter S. Sellers, pharmacist, who lost his life in the sinking of the Battleship Maine, . . . Map (db m34375) HM
46Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Underground Railroad Activity in Chambersburg
Throughout the pre-Civil War period, there were a number of Underground Railroad "stations" in this area, temporary places of refuge for former slaves escaping through the mountainous terrain to freedom in the North. One local Underground Railroad . . . Map (db m8096) HM
47Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Union Soldiers of Franklin County
Erected in memory of the Soldiers of Franklin County who fought for the Union in the War Between the States 1861-1865 Dedicated July 17th, 1878 ---------- Approximately 40 feet southwest of this tablet, Generals Robert E. Lee and A. P. Hill met . . . Map (db m45160) HM
48Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — War Between the States1861-1865
The following Penna. Commands were organized and recruited entirely or in part in Franklin County. 2nd Regt. Inf. – Co’s. A. B. C. • 35th Regt. Inf. – 6th Reserves Co. D. • 41st Regt. Inf. – 12th Reserves Co. K. • 43rd Regt. 1st . . . Map (db m45169) HM
49Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — Wilson College
Founded in 1869, and named for Sarah Wilson, its benefactor. One of the oldest colleges for women in the U.S. Opened, 1870, in "Norland", former home of Col. A.K. McClure, close friend of Abraham Lincoln.Map (db m8104) HM
50Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Chambersburg — World War II – Korean Conflict – Vietnam ConflictSoldiers of Franklin County
World War II,     1941-1945 In this war, Franklin County sent into the Armed Forces of the United States approximately 6,460 men and women.. --------------- Korean Conflict,     1950-1953 In this conflict, Franklin County sent into the . . . Map (db m45165) WM
51Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — Captain Ulric Dahlgren
Commanded a detachment of Union cavalry that made a surprise attack on a larger force of Confederate cavalry on this square, July 2, 1863. Important papers for General Lee were taken from the men who were captured.Map (db m201758) HM
52Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — Colonel John Allison1738-1795
This tablet honors the memory of Col. John AllisonWho, in 1782, founded Greencastle. Allison's Tavern, which stood on this site 200 years ago, was the beginning point of the survey which resulted in the streets and building lots that formed the town . . . Map (db m11613) HM
53Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — G.B. Freeman Jr.
"In Memory Of" G.B. Freeman Jr. Gunner, Sergeant 4th Marines 6th Division W.W. II Okinawa 1942-1945 Father and Terry L. Rush Sergeant 1st Marine Air Wing Tet Offensive Vietnam 1964 - 1968 Brother of Richard Freeman Sr. and . . . Map (db m159795) WM
54Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — Harry D. Zeigler
"In Memory Of" Harry D. Zeigler Y3rd CS U.S. Navy W.W.II Battle of Coral Sea Oct 2, 1940 to May 9, 1942 Dedicated by VFW Post 6319 Map (db m159792) WM
55Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — In Memoriam
U.S.S. Maine Destroyed in Havana Harbor February 15th, 1898 This tablet is cast from metal recovered from the U.S.S. MaineMap (db m159788) HM WM
56Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — Joseph E. Kuglar
"In Memory Of" Joseph E. Kuglar MM3rd Class U.S. Navy W.W.II ATO and PTO Jan. 15, 1944 to Oct. 29, 1945 Dedicated by his family Map (db m159791) WM
57Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — McCullough's Tavern
Here on October 12, 1794, President George Washington is said to have taken breakfast while passing through the area to suppress the "Whiskey Rebellion." This tavern, ca. 1700's, was owned by Robert McCullough and was also known as The Mansion . . . Map (db m11615) HM
58Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — Michael G. Oravetz
. . . Map (db m159793) WM
59Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — The First Soldier to Fall
When General Robert E. Lee’s invading army overran the Union garrison at Winchester, Virginia, on June 15, 1863, elements of the 1st New York “Lincoln” Cavalry covered the retreat. Company C, under Captain William Boyd, continued to harass the . . . Map (db m34162) HM
60Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — Veterans Memorial
In memory of our comradesMap (db m159796) WM
61Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greencastle — William J. Hudson
"In Memory Of" William J. Hudson Pvt. U.S. Army W.W.II ETO July 27, 1944 to August 25, 1945 Dedicated by his wife Rose Hudson and family Map (db m159790) WM
62Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — Basic Ingredients
Before the age of railroads, the basic ingredients of iron production needed to be nearby. That explains why furnaces were built in rural settings surrounded by the necessary raw materials. A source of iron ore was essential. As the furnaces . . . Map (db m105071) HM
63Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — Caledonia Furnace
Erected in 1837 by Thaddeus Stevens and James D. Paxton. Stevens' antislavery stand led to its destruction by Gen. Jubal Early, June 26, 1863, on his way to York during the early Gettysburg campaign.Map (db m11618) HM
64Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — Caledonia Furnace
Erected 1837 by Thaddeus Stevens the great commoner father of the Pennsylvania common school system the first to advocate education for the mountaineer children early exponent of anti-slavery born April 4, 1792 died August 11, 1868 the entire works . . . Map (db m11697) HM
65Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — Chambersburg
Settled 1734 by Benjamin Chambers, who laid out "Chambers Town" in 1764. Seat of Franklin County since 1784. Scene of Civil War events: Raided by "Jeb" Stuart, 1862; occupied by Confederates in 1863; and burned by them in 1864.Map (db m8107) HM
66Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — Gettysburg Campaign
On June 26, 1863, Gen. R.S. Ewell, with orders to take Harrisburg, marched his army by this road toward Carlisle, which he reached next day. On June 29, he was ordered to rejoin Lee's army at Cashtown.Map (db m8006) HM
67Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — Making Iron
The ironmaking process was well-known and cold-blast furnaces built in 18th and 19th century America mimicked designs first used 400 years earlier. A thick stone furnace, shaped like a flat-topped pyramid served as the place of transformation, where . . . Map (db m105072) HM
68Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — Margaret Cochran Corbin
Heroine of the Revolution; born Nov. 12, 1751, near Rocky Spring, 1 1/2 miles to NW. Accompanied her husband to war. Manned a cannon, Fort Washington, N.Y., Nov. 16, 1776, when he was killed. She was wounded, pensioned, and assigned to Invalid . . . Map (db m8106) HM
69Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — Scotland School for Veterans' Children
Established in 1895 as the Pa. Soldiers' Orphans Industrial School, the state-run institution provided primary and secondary education to veterans' children in a residential setting. About 10,000 boys and girls were instilled with a sense of . . . Map (db m84015) HM
70Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — Thaddeus Stevens Blacksmith Shop
The stone walls of this old building have withstood the adversities of time and people to stand in mute testament of historical events that helped shape a nation. Built in 1837, partners John Paxton and Thaddeus Stevens erected a blacksmith . . . Map (db m201760) HM
71Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — The Good Roads Jubilee / The Lincoln Highway
(Left Side): The Good Roads Jubilee One of the largest celebrations for the opening of a paved section of the Lincoln Highway was held here, at the Caledonia Forest Reserve Park, on October 4, 1921. The new paved section of the Lincoln . . . Map (db m11702) HM
72Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — The Workers Pyramid
It took hundreds of workers to produce iron, although only a few actually worked at the furnace. Fillers dumped carts or ore, charcoal and limestone into the seething tunnel head. The founder, assisted by a keeper, ordered ingredients, determined . . . Map (db m105073) HM
73Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Greene Township — White Church Replica
A replica of the original Mt. Pleasant U.B. (White Church) placed as a memorial to the church and to the members who worshipped here. Erected in 1892 as a cost of $1600.00. Razed in 1967 it served as a house of worship from 1892 to 1964, at which . . . Map (db m152345) HM
74Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Guilford Township — Gettysburg Campaign
Gen. Robert E. Lee reached Chambersburg June 26, 1863. Hearing June 28 that Union troops under Gen. Joseph Hooker had crossed the Potomac to Frederick, he decided to unite his forces at Cashtown; and left the city by this road.Map (db m8007) HM
75Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Guilford Township — Gettysburg Campaign
General Albert G. Jenkins' brigade of Southern cavalry entered Chambersburg on June 15, 1863, in advance of the main invasion force, and later led the invading army, June 22-24. General Robert E. Lee entered Chambersburg on June 26.Map (db m84013) HM
76Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Guilford Township — Highway EnterpriseLincoln Highway Heritage Corridor
The boom of the automobile industry led to another explosion — the restaurant industry. Americans were experiencing two new forces — the urge to ride in the car, and the urge to eat out. The restaurant could serve the hungry motorist and . . . Map (db m152350) HM
77Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Guilford Township — Miner StationDedicated to the memory of John A. Miner — Friend, Founder, Mentor —
John A. Miner — a life-long resident of Guilford Township — served in Germany during the Korean War with the US Army. John's avid interest in trains and railroading was evidenced by his membership in the Lionel Train Collectors Club . . . Map (db m152348) HM
78Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Guilford Township — Patrick Gass(1771 - 1870)
Enlisted by Meriwether Lewis as a private in the Lewis & Clark Expedition, 1803 - 1806; selected as a Sergeant in August, 1804. His carpentry and soldiering skills earned written commendation from Lewis. Gass later published his diaries of the . . . Map (db m8123) HM
79Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Guilford Township — Pennsylvania Railroad Class N5C Cabin Car
Built in June 1942 in Altoona as number 477951, this caboose (known as a cabin car to PRR employees) served the PRR as well as the Penn Central and Conrail into the mid 1980s. After being retired, it was purchased by . . . Map (db m152349) HM
80Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Guilford Township — Pleasures of Roadside DiningLincoln Highway Heritage Corridor
Dodie's Restaurant holds an important place in the history of Franklin County dining establishments. In 1949, Kenny Hoover started a frozen custard stand in a remodeled Atlantic gas station near the Route 81 intersection. Once business prospered, he . . . Map (db m167239) HM
81Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Guilford Township — Quincy Railroad Station
This station served the town of Quincy, Pennsylvania on the Mont Alto Railroad, later the Cumberland Valley and Pennsylvania Railroads. The building was acquired by Guilford Township from James Fouchard in 2008, moved to Norlo Park and restored to . . . Map (db m152346) HM
82Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Hamilton Township — Fort McCord
Built by the settlers; named for John McCord. Burnt April 1, 1756, by Indians, who killed or carried into captivity 27 persons. The site is marked, about 500 feet away.Map (db m84012) HM
83Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Hamilton Township — Site of Fort McCord
The site of Fort McCord where twenty-seven pioneer settlers men, women and children were massacred by Indian savages or carried into captivity, April 1st, 1756, was a few rods south east of this spot. In the list of victims were Mary McCord, . . . Map (db m84011) HM
84Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Ambush at Mercersburg
On July 3, 1863, three Confederate riders in Mercersburg’s town square were ambushed by two Union stragglers. Bullets passed through Private J.W. Alban, killing him and also the horse of the rider beside him. The third man quickly galloped out of . . . Map (db m202813) HM
85Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Buchanan House
James Buchanan, lawyer, statesman, diplomat, 15th President of the U.S., born in Stony Batter, lived here 1796-1807. Sgt. Patrick Gass, carpenter for winter quarters on the Lewis & Clark expedition, 1803-06, worked here as an apprentice, 1794-95.Map (db m8016) HM
86Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Captain Robert Parker House
This house was built in 1788 by Captain Robert Parker who fought in the Revolutionary War 1777 - 1783Map (db m192268) HM
87Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Citizens Seized
On October 10, 1862, Confederate cavalry commanded by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart briefly occupied Mercersburg on their way to raid Chambersburg. Acting under orders from Gen. Lee, Stuart took ten men from the Mercersburg area hostage. Cornellus . . . Map (db m201761) HM
88Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Col. Murphy's Hotel
Built c. 1798 and used as a dormitory of Marshall College, the "Old Mansion House" was acquired by Col. Murphy in 1845 who managed it as a prominent hotel until 1864. It was rumored to be a station on the underground railroad. Soon to be . . . Map (db m8041) HM
89Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — James Buchanan15th President of the United States 1857 - 1861
James Buchanan, a Representative and a Senator from Pennsylvania and the 15th President of the United States; born at Cove Gap, near Mercersburg, Franklin County, Pa., April 23, 1791; moved to Mercersburg, Pa. with his parents in 1796; was privately . . . Map (db m202788) HM
90Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — John Darby, Lot 14, 1786
John Wolfe, 1795 Jacob Shaffer, 1815 Thomas Reynolds Robert McCoy D.M.B. Shannon, 1856 Dr. John Kuhn, 1905 Dr. William Grove, 1950 James W. & Carol W. Smith, 1972Map (db m58691) HM
91Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Lane House
Built by Thomas Lane. Was later occupied by the family of Elliott Lane, a brother. Here, Harriet Lane, niece of James Buchanan, and mistress of the White House during his Presidency, was born.Map (db m8018) HM
92Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Lot 32
House built c. 1794 by Hugh Cowan, cabinet maker, and his wife, Mary Chambers VanLear Cowan. Facade restored by Lee and Grace F. Steiger during their ownership, 1921-1981. Interior restored by Ronald and Susan Simar, 1996.Map (db m192267) HM
93Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Lot No. 26
James McMurdie, hatmaker, owned this house in 1791. Other owners include Charles Gillespie, copper and tinsmith, 1835; Gillespie's daughter Betsy Lowe, 1841; Joseph A. Kreps, carriage maker, 1862; his son Jacob R., Carpenter, 1864; Hannah and Felix . . . Map (db m192269) HM
94Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Marshall College
Used the Theological Seminary building. Was chartered, 1836; removed to Lancaster, 1853, and united with Franklin College. First president was Dr. Frederick A. Rauch, famed scholar and educator; author of textbook on psychology.Map (db m8014) HM
95Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Mercersburg
Founded c.1750 as “Black’s Town” and called “Smith’s Town” after 1759. Renamed “Mercersburg” in 1786 to honor Hugh Mercer, a Scot, who came to this area c.1749, established a local medical practice and served with . . . Map (db m83997) WM
96Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Mercersburg Borough
Mercersburg Borough was incorporated in 1831 with a population of 700. This lot was the site of the first Town jail and an early band shell. F. Keagy built Borough Hall in 1904 for $4304.38; G. Seylor added the clock tower in 1909 for $375. South . . . Map (db m84004) HM
97Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — President Buchanan’s Home
1796 – 1829Map (db m58690) HM
98Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Reformed Theological Seminary
Was situated on this campus, 1837-71. Here, Drs. Frederick A. Rauch, John W. Nevin, Philip Schaff, taught and wrote. Their works on theology, philosophy, and church history were influential in the U. S. and Europe.Map (db m8015) HM
99Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Steiger House at Mercersburg
Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, during the first Chambersburg Raid (October 1862), stopped in Mercersburg at Bridgeside, the home of Mr. and Mrs. George Steiger. He intended to use the house as his headquarters while his troops rounded up . . . Map (db m201762) HM
100Pennsylvania, Franklin County, Mercersburg — Stuart's Headquarters
On Oct. 10, 1862, 1800 picked Confederate cavalry commanded by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and Brig. Gen. Wade Hampton with four cannon under Maj. John Pelham occupied Mercersburg on their way to destroy the railroad bridge at Chambersburg used to . . . Map (db m18536) HM

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Feb. 7, 2023