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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Rappahannock County, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Rappahannock County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Rappahannock County, VA (73) Culpeper County, VA (162) Fauquier County, VA (116) Madison County, VA (50) Page County, VA (88) Warren County, VA (45)  RappahannockCounty(73) Rappahannock County (73)  CulpeperCounty(162) Culpeper County (162)  FauquierCounty(116) Fauquier County (116)  MadisonCounty(50) Madison County (50)  PageCounty(88) Page County (88)  WarrenCounty(45) Warren County (45)
Washington is the county seat for Rappahannock County
Adjacent to Rappahannock County, Virginia
      Culpeper County (162)  
      Fauquier County (116)  
      Madison County (50)  
      Page County (88)  
      Warren County (45)  
 
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — Battle MountainCuster’s Early “Last Stand” — Gettysburg Campaign —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . Map (db m50140) HM
2Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — C-6 — Campaign of Second Manassas
Here Stonewall Jackson, on his march around Pope’s army by way of Jeffersonton to Bristoe Station, turned north, August 25, 1862.Map (db m8263) HM
3Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — C-61 — Campaign of Second Manassas
Here, J.E.B. Stuart, raiding around Pope’s army, turned northeast, August 22, 1862. He passed through Warrenton and went on to Catlett’s Station, where he captured some of Pope’s wagons, in one of which were found Pope’s order book and uniform.Map (db m8294) HM
4Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — Corbin's CrossroadsStuart's Close Shave
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River to Virginia and camped at Bunker Hill in the northern Shenandoah Valley after the September 17, 1862, Battle of Antietam. Union Gen. George B. McClellan and the . . . Map (db m64423) HM
5Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — Dangerfield NewbyA Tragic Journey to Harpers Ferry
Dangerfield Newby (ca. 1820-1859), a free mulatto for whose family this crossroads is named, was the first of John Brown’s raiders killed during the attack on Harpers Ferry on October 16, 1859. He was the eldest child of Henry Newby and a slave, . . . Map (db m50611) HM
6Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — Eliza Brown and the Custers"Standing Up for Liberty"
Eliza Brown was a slave on the Pierce farm several miles west of here. When Union Gen. George Armstrong Custer camped here in August 1863 after the Battle of Gettysburg, he hired her to be his servant and cook. Custer's wife, Libbie, mentioned . . . Map (db m173058) HM
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7Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — Encounter with Lee“Don't You Ever Forget It”
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee passed through Rappahannock County on four occasions during the Civil War. The first occurred on August 26, 1862, on the march to Manassas, and the second took place in October during the retreat after the Battle of . . . Map (db m49652) HM
8Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — Gaines's Crossroads“The Animal Must Be Very Slim” — Gettysburg Campaign —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . Map (db m49449) HM
9Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — Hinson's FordImportant River Crossing on a Historic March
In mid-August 1862, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee concentrated the Army of Northern Virginia on the western bank of the Rappahannock River near Jeffersonton, about 10 miles east of here. Union Gen. John Pope’s Army of Virginia was located on the . . . Map (db m64421) HM
10Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — Twilight of Slavery"Enlightened" Accommodations No Match for Freedom Reported permanently removed
The three brick cabins in the field before you are tangible connections to the enslaved people of Rappahannock County before and during the Civil War. Many slaves escaped to Union lines here and elsewhere, and some former bondsmen served in the U.S. . . . Map (db m49451) HM
11Virginia, Rappahannock County, Amissville — Twilight of Slavery"Enlightened" Accommodations No Match for Freedom
The three brick cabins in the field before you are tangible connections to the enslaved people of Rappahannock County before and during the Civil War. Many slaves escaped to Union lines here and elsewhere, and some former bondsmen served in the . . . Map (db m173050) HM
12Virginia, Rappahannock County, Boston — Z-175 — Rappahannock County / Culpeper County
Rappahannock County. Area 274 square miles. Formed in 1833 from Culpeper, and named for the Rappahannock River, headwaters of which are in this county. Culpeper County. Area 384 square miles. Formed in . . . Map (db m8415) HM
13Virginia, Rappahannock County, Chester Gap — Chester GapGateway to the Shenandoah Valley
This mountain pass was of strategic importance throughout the Civil War. Union and Confederate forces occupied and traversed it on numerous occasions. The first significant use of the gap occurred July 7-18, 1862, as Gen. Nathaniel Bank’s corps of . . . Map (db m32070) HM
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14Virginia, Rappahannock County, Chester Gap — J-25 — Gettysburg Campaign
Ewell's Corps of Lee's army passed here going north, June 11-12, 1863; Hill's Corps, June 19.Map (db m49778) HM
15Virginia, Rappahannock County, Chester Gap — Minding the Gaps“A very fatal oversight” — Gettysburg Campaign —
(Preface): After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . Map (db m32028) HM
16Virginia, Rappahannock County, Chester Gap — Z-173 — Warren County / Rappahannock County
Warren County. This lower Shenandoah Valley county was formed from Shenandoah and Frederick Counties in 1836. The county was named for Joseph Warren, a Boston Revolutionary War patriot killed during the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775. It . . . Map (db m49779) HM
17Virginia, Rappahannock County, Flint Hill — Albert Gallatin WillisA Life Laid Down for a Friend
This is the burial site of a Mosby Ranger who sacrificed himself for a friend. By the autumn of 1864, Confederate John S. Mosby's Rangers had so harassed Union troops, supply lines, and railroads in northern Virginia that Union Gen. Ulysses S. . . . Map (db m49528) HM
18Virginia, Rappahannock County, Flint Hill — Flint Hill Baptist Church
Flint Hill Baptist Church has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1854 Flint Hill Baptist Church Erected 1854 has been listed in . . . Map (db m171256) HM
19Virginia, Rappahannock County, Flint Hill — Hittle's MillLeading Lee's Second Northern Invasion — Gettysburg Campaign —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army at Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . Map (db m194893) HM
20Virginia, Rappahannock County, Huntly — J-26 — Albert G. Willis
Pvt. Albert G. Willis, Co. C, Col. John S. Mosby's Partisan Rangers (43d Battalion, Virginia Cavalry) and at least one other Ranger were captured about 13 Oct. 1864 near Gaines Crossroads by Union Brig. Gen. William H. Powell's U.S. 2d Cavalry . . . Map (db m31904) HM
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21Virginia, Rappahannock County, Huntly — Piedmont
From here, looking east from the Blue Ridge crest, you see the Piedmont, a broad plain dotted with few low hills. Noting similarities to their European homeland, early settlers named this land "piedmonte," Italian meaning . . . Map (db m74099) HM
22Virginia, Rappahannock County, Peola Mills — J-100 — F. T. Baptist Church
F. T. Baptist Church was founded nearby as Ragged Mountain Church in 1778. According to tradition the congregation worshipped in a log structure at Sharp Rock until about 1802 before moving to the former F. T. Village by 1804 where it became known . . . Map (db m8393) HM
23Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — 21 Main StreetSperryville Historic District
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places Map (db m171319) HM
24Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — 31 Main StreetSperryville Historic District
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places Map (db m171318) HM
25Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — 33 Main StreetSperryville Historic District
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places Map (db m171317) HM
26Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — 48 Main StreetSperryville Historic District
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places Map (db m171315) HM
27Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — A Hint of Total War"Pope Must be Suppressed" — Gen. Robert E. Lee
In July 1862, Gen. John Pope brought the first hint of "total war"—in a mild form by later standards—to Rappahannock County residents. This new Union policy, designed to inflict intense pain on civilians who supported the Southern . . . Map (db m171338) HM
28Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Advent of the "German" Corps"I'm Going to Fight mit Sigel"
As the Civil War grew bloodier in the summer of 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued a call for 300,000 additional Union volunteers. Patriotic immigrants formed an important pool of recruits. To encourage their enlistments, a former German . . . Map (db m173036) HM
29Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — C-4 — Cavalry Engagement
Near this place an engagement took place between Robertson’s brigade and the First Maine Cavalry, July 5, 1862.Map (db m8327) HM
30Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Civilian Conservation CorpsRedbird Camp
Civilian Conservation Corps During the 1930’s, this area was the site of CCC Camp NP-12, Company 1393, known as the “Redbird Camp.”Map (db m122990) HM
31Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Help Wanted!The Piney River Technical Building
The Piney River Technical Building is one of the few remaining structures that reveal the rich history of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in Shenandoah National Park. Camp NP-12, also known as Camp Red Bird, was established on July 4, 1935. . . . Map (db m122979) HM
32Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Hopkins OrdinarySperryville Historic District
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places Map (db m171316) HM
33Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — John B. KigerSperryville Historic District
(Upper Plaque):This Property has been placed on the National Register Of Historic Places (Lower Plaque):John B. Kiger well known wheelright lived in this unique log and stone house and built Conestoga wagons on this site in the 1830s. . . . Map (db m25725) HM
34Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — John Kiger's Second LotSperryville Historic District
(Upper Plaque):This property has been place on the National Register of Historic Places (Lower Plaque):The Second of Two Lots Owned by John Kiger This Building Was A Blacksmith shop. Conestoga Wagons Were Made Behind This Building . . . Map (db m25786) HM
35Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Marys Rock Tunnel
Drill, blast, and clear. Drill, blast, and clear. For three months workers repeated this process, carving through 600 feet of solid granite (granodiorite) to complete Skyline Drive's greatest construction challenge, Marys Rock Tunnel. Twice each . . . Map (db m13232) HM
36Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Medical Miracle“A Chance in Twenty”
This building housed the medical office of Dr. William Amiss, whose brother Dr. Thomas Amiss practiced in Slate Mills and later in Page County. Together, the two men accomplished a medical achievement virtually unheard of during the Civil War. . . . Map (db m65034) HM
37Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Memorial to Displaced Rappahannock County Residents
In honor of these Rappahannock County landowners, families, and others not yet identified who were displaced for the establishment of Shenandoah National Park, this memorial was dedicated in the Spring of 2017. Armentrout • Atkins • Aylor . . . Map (db m171321) HM
38Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Old Rag
An exceptional mountain, very different from the rest - that's Old Rag. The distinct rock-covered ridgecrest in the distance has long been a noted area landmark. Old Rag's rugged summit consists of spectacular outcroppings of Old Rag granite, the . . . Map (db m13234) HM
39Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — J-29 — Pope’s Army of Virginia
On 26 June 1862, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Maj. Gen. John Pope to command the Union army that operated in Virginia. The Corps led by Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel, who had recently replaced Maj. Gens. John C. Frémont, posted around Sperryville, . . . Map (db m8392) HM
40Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Rehearsals for FameNotable Footprints from the German Corps
Prejudice against foreigners, poor leadership, and circumstances conspired against German-born Gen. Franz Sigel and his troops. Sigel was late to the Battle of Cedar Mountain after leaving Sperryville on August 8, 1862, because of confusing . . . Map (db m173040) HM
41Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Rocks Older than Mankind
The only tunnel on the Skyline Drive passes for 700 feet through Mary's Rock Mountain. It was blasted out of granite-like rock. Only 1,300,000,000 years ago this rock was still molten magma.Map (db m13229) HM
42Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Sigels' CorpsA Map Covers a Lifetime
The Union Army of Virginia existed for a little less than 3 months in the summer of 1862. Gen. Franz Sigel's 1st Corps was camped on this ground for a third of that time. About half of Sigel's force formed from the division of Louis Blenker. . . . Map (db m171345) HM
43Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — Sister CarolineFrom Slavery to Freedom
Caroline Terry, known locally as “Sis-tah Cah-line” (1833-1941) was born a slave, perhaps in Southampton County, but spent most of her life in Rappahannock County. She later took the surname Terry. By 1846, Francis Millan of Culpeper . . . Map (db m26518) HM
44Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — SperryvilleImportant Crossroads
This quiet crossroads village, long an overnight stopping point on important north-south and east-west roads to the Shenandoah Valley, was the scene of many events during the Civil War. Union Gen. Franz Sigel's Corps of the Army of Virginia . . . Map (db m171341) HM
45Virginia, Rappahannock County, Sperryville — J-31 — Sperryville
Laid out by Francis Thornton, Jr., in 1817, Sperryville survives as an upper Piedmont crossroads village. In the early 19th century John Kiger built Conestoga wagons here. By the 1850s two turnpikes (Thornton’s Gap and Sperryville & Rappahannock) . . . Map (db m8373) HM
46Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — A Skyline Drive for a Bird's-Eye ViewShenandoah National Park
"It is a wonderway over which the tourist will ride comfortably in his car while he is stirred by a view as exhilarating as the aviator may see from the plane." Senator Harry F. Byrd, Virginia When construction began on Skyline Drive . . . Map (db m134291) HM
47Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — A Tale of Two MillsTrading and Burial Grounds
During the Civil War, two mills stood on the Rush River in this vicinity on the property of John Jett, who resided at Ellerslie half a mile south of here. They included the Avon Mill before you and the Jett Mill (no longer standing), located half a . . . Map (db m31910) HM
48Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Banks’s Grand ReviewRuffles, Flourishes, Drills and Heat
In July and August, 1862, the Union Army of Virginia’s 2nd Corps under Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks camped in and around Little Washington. Col. Charles E.F. Collis’s Zouaves, noted for their French-style red and blue uniforms, served as Banks’s . . . Map (db m77529) HM
49Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Banks's CampLull between the Storms
When Union Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks marched east into Rappahannock County through Chester Gap in July 1862, he and his 16,000 men were still reeling from recent defeats in the Shenandoah Valley. There, although Banks's command had bested . . . Map (db m171260) HM
50Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Charles C. NordendorfChanging Sides
When Union Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks's 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia, camped here in the summer of 1862, Capt. Karl Sauer Csaky von Nordendorf (1840-1884), served as Banks's aide-de-camp and cartographer. Known as Charles C. Nordendorf, the Austrian . . . Map (db m171295) HM
51Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Come Back When You Have More TimeShenandoah National Park
”Park roads are for leisurely driving only. If you are in a hurry you might do well to take another route now, and come back when you have more time.” From an early National Park Service brochure This is no . . . Map (db m134299) HM
52Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Confederate Monument
This monument is erected through efforts of the local chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, and other notaries of Southern Chivalry, a tribute of honor and affectionate regard for the unwavering patriotism, faultless valor, and . . . Map (db m171309) WM
53Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — C-10 — Ellerslie
One-half mile southeast of this location is Ellerslie, which was built in 1814 by French Huguenot Col. John Jett and his wife Hannah Calvert for their son James Jett, Jr., on a 1,000-acre tract. In 1749, George Washington named Jett Street in the . . . Map (db m8371) HM
54Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Historic Stone Marker
Believed to be the zero mile marker for the roads of Rappahannock county when the Town of Washington was established as the county seat in 1833. With thanks to Charles K. "Pete" Estes - Oral Historian Map (db m171311) HM
55Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Honored In Their GenerationConfederate Monument, ca. 1900
During the Civil War, military units were recruited locally, and neighbors, friends, and relatives fought and died side-by-side. Almost 1,200 of the approximately 6,000 white male residents of Rappahannock County in 1860 served in thee . . . Map (db m171308) HM
56Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Kitty PayneFreedom Lost and Regained
In the years before the Civil War, Virginia’s laws restricted free blacks and also tightened the legal grip on slaves. Some blacks, however, struggled through the system to freedom, just as many slaves wended their way to Union lines during the . . . Map (db m31191) HM
57Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Mt. Salem Baptist Meeting House
Mt. Salem Baptist Meeting House has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1824 Mount Salem Baptist Meeting House 1824 has been listed . . . Map (db m171258) HM
58Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Music, Omens, and DestinyHeth’s Camp — Gettysburg Campaign —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. . . . Map (db m77528) HM
59Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Range View Reported missing
From here you can see a rare Skyline Drive view, a look southwestward down the length of the Blue Ridge. Many of Shenandoah National Park's highest peaks are visible here, including Stony Man, the northernmost Blue Ridge peak to rise above 4,000 . . . Map (db m106702) HM
60Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Rappahannock County in the Civil War
While there were no large-scale military actions, several dozen skirmishes and many troop movements occurred here. As a gateway to the northern Shenandoah Valley, the county was a major thoroughfare for both Union and Confederate forces on a . . . Map (db m171306) HM
61Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Rappahannock People Before and During the Civil War
Freedom - upon death of owner "I do hereby free and emancipate all my slaves that I may own at my death… Such of my said slaves are so nearly white as to render it unsafe for them to go to Liberia I desire may be sent to the State of . . . Map (db m171307) HM
62Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — The MaplesHost to Generals
Middleton Miller, who built this residence about 1840, owned a woolen factory on the Rappahannock River near Waterloo about 15 miles east of here. It manufactured "Confederate Gray" cloth, and Union troops destroyed it early in the war. Miller . . . Map (db m171313) HM
63Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — The Rappahannock Old GuardThe Black Flag
More than 1,000 Rappahannock County men fought for the Confederacy. Many were mustered into service here in Washington. The Rappahannock Old Guard (Co. B, 6th Virginia Cavalry), which carried an unusual dark battle flag, played an important . . . Map (db m173043) HM
64Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — The Town of Washington, VirginiaThe First Washington of All
Surveyed and platted by George Washington with the assistance of John Lonem and Edward Corder, as chainmen; August 4, 1749. Organized and established as a town by the General Assembly of Virginia, December 14, 1796. Incorporated as a . . . Map (db m166355) HM
65Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Union Army of VirginiaPope's Pronouncements
In July and August 1862, 30,000 men in two corps of Gen. John Pope's newly formed Union Army of Virginia camped across much of Rappahannock County. Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson had recently defeated them during Jackson's . . . Map (db m171263) HM
66Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — Union Army of Virginia 2nd (Banks's) Corps EncampmentJuly - August 1862
For nearly a month in the summer of 1862, the 2nd Corps of the newly created Union Army of Virginia had its encampment on this ground with outposts extending several miles to the east, south and west. Organization and leadership were in constant . . . Map (db m171296) HM
67Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — C-35 — Washington Graded School
Washington Graded School was built here ca. 1924 to serve African American students. The Parents' Civil League, a local organization of African Americans, conveyed the land to the district school board. Contributions for the two-teacher building . . . Map (db m171312) HM
68Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — C-5 — Washington, VirginiaThe First of Them All
Of the 28 Washingtons in the United States, the “records very conclusively disclose” that this town, “the first Washington of all,” was surveyed and platted by George Washington on the 24th of July (old style), 1749. He was assisted by John Lonem . . . Map (db m204083) HM
69Virginia, Rappahannock County, Washington — C-9A — Washington, VirginiaThe First of Them All
One of more than thirty Washingtons in the United States, only this town, “The First Washington of All,” was surveyed and platted by George Washington on the 24th day of July (old style) 1749. He was assisted by John Lonem and Edward . . . Map (db m8296) HM
70Virginia, Rappahannock County, Woodville — J-101 — John Jackson—Traditional Musician
John Jackson, Piedmont guitar master and influential traditional musician, was born near here on 25 Feb. 1924. One of fourteen children of tenant farmers Suddy and Hattie Jackson, Jackson learned songs on the guitar and banjo from his . . . Map (db m8398) HM
71Virginia, Rappahannock County, Woodville — Milroy's CampWoodville
Woodville's location about a day's march from Culpeper Court House encouraged both Union and Confederate forces to camp here frequently. They established many camps in the fields and hills around the town, and both sides in the conflict used the . . . Map (db m171353) HM
72Virginia, Rappahannock County, Woodville — Mosby and SnedenThe Grey Ghost and the Artist
If you had been standing here at dawn on November 27, 1863, you would have seen Col. John S. Mosby and his partisan rangers herding a string of mules bearing dejected-looking Union prisoners. Among the captives was Pvt. Robert Knox Sneden, 40th New . . . Map (db m52953) HM
73Virginia, Rappahannock County, Woodville — WoodvilleFirst Waypoint to Gettysburg — Gettysburg Campaign —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon line into . . . Map (db m171355) HM
 
 
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Feb. 6, 2023