“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fairfax County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Fairfax County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Fairfax County, VA (482) Alexandria Ind. City, VA (298) Arlington County, VA (373) Fairfax Ind. City, VA (39) Falls Church Ind. City, VA (50) Loudoun County, VA (275) Prince William County, VA (621) Washington, DC (1972) Charles County, MD (142) Montgomery County, MD (523) Prince George s County, MD (524)  FairfaxCounty(482) Fairfax County (482)  (298) Alexandria (298)  ArlingtonCounty(373) Arlington County (373)  (39) Fairfax (39)  (50) Falls Church (50)  LoudounCounty(275) Loudoun County (275)  PrinceWilliamCounty(621) Prince William County (621)   D.C.(1972) Washington (1972)  CharlesCountyMaryland(142) Charles County (142)  MontgomeryCounty(523) Montgomery County (523)  PrinceGeorge'sCounty(524) Prince George's County (524)
Adjacent to Fairfax County, Virginia
    Alexandria (298)
    Arlington County (373)
    Fairfax (39)
    Falls Church (50)
    Loudoun County (275)
    Prince William County (621)
    Washington, D.C. (1972)
    Charles County, Maryland (142)
    Montgomery County, Maryland (523)
    Prince George's County, Maryland (524)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — A Fine Improvable MarshGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
When George Washington surveyed the future site of Alexandria in 1749, he described this area as a “fine improvable marsh.” Do you think that ideas about improving marshlands have changed since Washington's time? How can we improve . . . Map (db m108523)
2Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — A Place to Rest—or NestGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway
Nearly 300 different kinds of birds find food, shelter, or a rest stop in Dyke Marsh. Birds that migrate thousands of miles along the Atlantic Flyway rest here on their way to winter homes in the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. . . . Map (db m108487)
3Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — A View from the BeginningWelcome to the 1820s
(see captions)Map (db m127722) HM
4Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Anatomy of a Tidal MarshGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway
Your body has a heart and blood vessels to carry nutrients to your tissues, lungs to breathe, kidneys to filter out pollutants, and skin to protect you. When you look closely at Dyke Marsh, you can find natural systems that do all the same things. . . . Map (db m108522)
5Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Battery SaterGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Battery Sater and Other Defensive Tactics Fort Hunt became fully armed as a coastal defense installation upon completion of Battery Sater, the last of the four gun batteries. Battery Sater also served as a command center for mines placed in . . . Map (db m41177) HM
6Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Beacon Field Airport
In 1929, Airway Beacon No. 55, a pilot’s navigation aid, was installed on this site owned by W.F.P. Reid. Beacon Field is named for the beacon tower. Under the Civilian Pilot Training Program established in 1938, Ashburn Flying Service trained . . . Map (db m69516) HM
7Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Belle Haven Park
An area that was part of Washington's perimeter defenses established by the Union Army after the disaster of the Battle of Manassas (First Bull Run)Map (db m154463) HM
8Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Bethlehem Baptist Church
According to tradition, the earliest congregation, which would become the Bethlehem Baptist Church, was organized circa 1863 by Samuel K. Taylor, a former slave, who preached in the homes of the African-American residents of Gum Springs. Shortly . . . Map (db m100708) HM
9Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Beyond What You See TodayGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In addition to its use as a coastal defense during the Spanish-American War, Fort Hunt served further military purposes in later years. During World War II, the military transported enemy prisoners here in unmarked, windowless buses, literally . . . Map (db m41176) HM
10Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Civilian Conservation CorpsGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), originally designed as a New Deal Program under the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, provided work for young men during the Depression Era, a time of excessive unemployment. From . . . Map (db m41173) HM
11Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — E-70 — Colonial Fort
Nearby at John Mathew’s land on Hunting Creek, Governor William Berkeley constructed a fort authorized by the Virginia House of Burgesses on 21 Sept. 1674. Militiamen from Lancaster, Middlesex and Northumberland Counties garrisoned the fort under . . . Map (db m775) HM
12Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — E-81 — Defenses of Washington
During the Civil War, the U.S. Army constructed a series of forts and artillery batteries around Washington to protect it from Confederate attack. Forts O’Rourke, Weed, Farnsworth, and Lyon stood just to the north, and Fort Willard which still . . . Map (db m2330) HM
13Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Defenses of WashingtonFort Willard Park
After Virginia seceded from the Union on April 17, 1861 the District of Columbia was on the dangerous border between the divided states. Because of the city’s importance, the Union Army immediately occupied Northern Virginia, which allowed troops to . . . Map (db m47967) HM
14Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Explore Historic HuntleyAnd take in a Refreshingly Different View
Cool Breezes on the hilltop provide relief form the summer heat and tempt you to relax while taking in the expansive view. From the top you can see Maryland, Ft. Belvoir and the forested oasis of Huntley Meadows Park. In years past, the . . . Map (db m127850) HM
15Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Fort Hunt ParkGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Welcome to Fort Hunt Park. The concrete platform in front of you, Battery Mount Vernon, once held a set of heavy guns designed to protect Washington, D.C. from naval attack. In 1885, Secretary of War William C. Endicott chaired a commission that . . . Map (db m41175) HM
16Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — E-102 — Fort Lyon
In this vicinity stood Fort Lyon, the major fortification on the left flank of the Federal defenses guarding the city of Washington during the Civil War. Named in honor of Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, the fort covered an area of nine acres with its . . . Map (db m154523) HM
17Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Fort Willard
Civil War Fort constructed in 1862 as part of the defense system for Washington, D.C.Map (db m47976) HM
18Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Fort WillardFort Willard Park
Fort Willard Park contains significant earthworks and archaeological remains of a fort built in 1862 by the Union Army. It was one of 63 forts that were built surrounding the District of Columbia during the Civil War as part of the Defenses of . . . Map (db m154524) HM
19Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — E-94 — Gum Springs
Gum Springs, an African-American community, originated here on a 214-acre farm bought in 1833 by West Ford (ca. 1785-1863), a freed man, skilled carpenter, and manager of the Mount Vernon estate. The freedman’s school begun here in 1867 at Bethlehem . . . Map (db m952) HM
20Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — B-260 — Historic Green Spring
A 1784 brick house, spring house, and a designed landscape showcase the unique 1942 collaboration of two American masters of design, Walter Macomber and Beatrix Farrand. Green Spring is the only known place where both designers' work is extant. . . . Map (db m33710) HM
21Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Historic Jones PointMount Vernon Trail — George Washington Memorial Parkway, National Park Service —
In the distance is Jones Point, designated as the southern corner of the District of Columbia by President George Washington. In 1790 Congress established the nation’s capital with a ten-mile square of land ceded by Virginia and Maryland. Alexandria . . . Map (db m154908) HM
22Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Hybla Valley Airport
Virginia's first airport permit was granted to Elvin W. Robertson's Hybla Valley Airport in February 1929. As President of Mount Vernon Airways, he utilized the airfield as a site for barnstorming and air circuses. Robertson, Fairfax Supervisor . . . Map (db m53880) HM
23Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — In Support of American DefenseGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Fort Hunt played a key role in military development and defense. It was used as a major fortification during the Spanish-American War, as a logistical/training support center during peacetime, and as a military installation during WWI and WWII. . . . Map (db m41172) HM
24Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — E-69 — Little Hunting Creek
The Washington family land south of here, named Mount Vernon in the 1740s, was part of a grant made in 1677 by the Northern Neck proprietors to Col. Nicholas Spencer and Lt. Col. John Washington. George Washington’s great-grandfather. John . . . Map (db m794) HM
25Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Original Mount Vernon High School
The original Mount Vernon High School was located here on 8.8 acres that were once part of George Washington's Mount Vernon estate. Fairfax County purchased the land for $400 per acre in November 1938. Construction funding was provided by Fairfax . . . Map (db m100772) HM
26Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — P.O. Box 11421942-1946 — Alexandria, Va —
This flagpole is dedicated to the veterans of P.O. Box 1142 who served this country as members of two military intelligence service (MIS) programs during World War II. Their top secret work here at Fort Hunt not only contributed to the allied . . . Map (db m71583) HM
27Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — People and the LandGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
American Indians occupied the region at least 13,000 years ago. They hunted game and gathered nature's bounty while residing in temporary seasonal camps. Approximately 3,000 years ago, they began to grow crops and establish permanent villages. . . . Map (db m41174) HM
28Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Protecting America's LegacyGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Fort Hunt, part of a national park known as the George Washington Memorial Parkway, reflects the history of Virginia and the nation. Places along the Parkway represent outstanding examples of cultural landscapes; historical, architectural, and . . . Map (db m115809) HM
29Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Saint Mark's Episcopal Church
Saint Mark's Episcopal Church is one of several congregations that evolved from the efforts of nineteenth century students from the Virginia Theological Seminary in Alexandria. The first congregation met at the original Groveton Schoolhouse on . . . Map (db m42387) HM
30Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — The Rose Hill RaidA Not-So-Tender Reunion
On September 28, 1863, Confederate Maj. John S. Mosby raided the house that stood nearby on the bluff at the end of May Boulevard. The day before, Mosby and eight of his men road from Fauquier County toward Alexandria, where Mosby planned to capture . . . Map (db m67535) HM
31Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — The Thirteen Adjacent Elms1732–1932
The thirteen adjacent elms representing the thirteen original colonies were planted in commemoration of the bicentennial celebration of George Washington’s birth and to revere the ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts organized . . . Map (db m939) HM
32Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — These Trees
These trees were planted in commemoration of the eight Presidents of the United States who were sons of Virginia. George Washington, 1789-1797 • Thomas Jefferson, 1801-1809 • James Madison, 1809-1817 • James Monroe, 1817-1825 • Wm. . . . Map (db m814) HM
33Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — To Commemorate the 250th Anniversary
To commemorate the 250th anniversary of the birth of George Washington the citizens of the original Washington, Tyne and Wear, England present to the people of the United States 250 trees planted along the Mount Vernon Memorial Highway. . . . Map (db m940) HM
34Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — US Route 1 Wall of AviationHybla Valley and Beacon Field — EW Robertson and HJ Lehman —
Hybla Valley From Dream to Flight School This section of Historic Route 1 boasted two private airfields that began operations in the mid 1920’s. When Dr. Hugo Eckener and First Officer Captain Ernst Lehmann flew the Graf Zeppelin . . . Map (db m68104) HM
35Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Wasteland or Wetland?What is Your Point of View? — George Washington Memorial Parkway —
Here, 400 years ago, the Piscataway tribe fed themselves on fish and waterfowl. In the early 1800s, Virginia farmers built retaining walls, called dykes, to drain this marsh and make farmland. The dykes proved too hard to keep intact. Without dyles, . . . Map (db m117252) HM
36Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — WW II: A Battle Fought at Home and Abroad
The United States engaged in World War II (WWII) at home and on foreign soil. With formal entry of the United States into WWII, the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) began two top-secret programs, known as MIS-Y and MIS-X, at Fort Hunt. Under the . . . Map (db m41161) HM
37Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — Action At Annandale
The roadbed for the unfinished Manassas Gap Railroad was located in this immediate area and crossed Indian Run creek in Poe Terrace Park. The stone bridge abutments are still visible. Financial problems caused work to stop on the railroad in 1857, . . . Map (db m33512) HM
38Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — Gooding's Tavern
The Gooding Tavern served Little River Turnpike travelers and stagecoach passengers from 1807-1879 and was famous for “the best fried chicken” and “peaches and honey.” For the community, the tavern served as a social and . . . Map (db m44097) HM
39Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — Ilda
Ilda, a community located at the intersection of Guinea Road and Little River Turnpike, came into existence after the Civil War and lasted into the first half of the twentieth century. It originated when two freedmen, Horace Gibson and Moses . . . Map (db m37906) HM
40Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — T-41 — Little River Turnpike
The earliest private turnpike charter in Virginia was granted by the General Assembly to the Company of the Fairfax and Loudoun Turnpike Road in 1796. By 1806 the 34-mile-long road connected Alexandria with Aldie on the Little River in Loudoun . . . Map (db m7374) HM
41Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — T-50 — Mason’s Hill
During the Civil War, Confederate Col. J. E.B. Stuart used Mason’s Hill and nearby Munson’s Hill as outposts for the First Virginia Cavalry from late July to the end of Sept. 1861. Capt. Edward Porter Alexander of the Signal Corps established a . . . Map (db m6926) HM
42Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — Mosby Attacks Annandale
Shortly before 5 A.M. on Wednesday, 24 August 1864, Lt. Col. John Singleton Mosby with about 300 Confederate Rangers and two field artillery pieces opened fire from the west side of the Accotink Creek valley on a Union stockade located in Annandale. . . . Map (db m35281) HM
43Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — Price’s Ordinary
At the intersection of Backlick and Braddock Roads stood Price's Ordinary, established by David Price about 1773 and remaining in operation until 1802. Price's offered refreshment and shelter for travelers and a common meeting place for local . . . Map (db m169250) HM
44Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — The Cannon
This Model 1905 three inch field gun saw service in the Mexican Campaign against Pancho Villa, and was originally obtained by a local veterans organization during the mid-1950s. In the early 1980s, American Legion Bicentennial Post 1976, . . . Map (db m6919) HM
45Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — The Guinea Road Cemetery Reinterment
Virginia aristocrat William Fitzhugh was granted 21,996 acres in 1694: The Ravensworth tract, which was divided into northern and southern halves in 1701 and subsequently subdivided among Fitzhugh heirs throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. The . . . Map (db m617) HM
46Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — The Pines
At the turn of the 20th century, a close-knit African American community was established here. The Johnson, Robinson, Sprigg and Collins families were the first to purchase lots. They cleared pine trees to enable truck farming and saw mill . . . Map (db m100807) HM
47Virginia (Fairfax County), Bailey's Crossroads — Bailey’s Crossroads
In 1837 Hachaliah Bailey (1774-1845) from Westchester County, New York, purchased 526 acres in the northeast quadrant formed by the intersection of Leesburg and Columbia Pikes. Here he built his home, known as "Moray," which was destroyed by fire in . . . Map (db m632) HM
48Virginia (Fairfax County), Bailey's Crossroads — T-48 — Bailey’s Crossroads Civil War Engagements
After the First Battle of Manassas, Confederate troops led by Col. J.E.B. Stuart occupied nearby Munson's and Mason's Hills from late July until they abandoned their position about 29 Sept. 1861. Confederate troops fought skirmishers of the Union 2d . . . Map (db m5926) HM
49Virginia (Fairfax County), Bailey's Crossroads — T-40 — Lincoln Reviews Troops at Bailey’s Crossroads
After the Union defeat on 21 July 1861 at the First Battle of Manassas, Lincoln appointed Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan as commander of the demoralized army. A superb organizer, McClellan rebuilt the army and on 20 November 1861 staged a formal . . . Map (db m180) HM
50Virginia (Fairfax County), Bailey's Crossroads — T-40 — Lincoln Reviews Troops at Bailey's Cross Roads
After the Union defeat on 21 July 1861 at the First Battle of Manassas, Pres. Abraham Lincoln appointed Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan as commander of the demoralized army. McClellan organized, trained, and equipped the troops, building a force known . . . Map (db m168138) HM
51Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — A Grateful Nation Remembers
In honor of all those who fought for our community, our nation, and our freedom A grateful nation remembersMap (db m129156) WM
52Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — Bog Wallow Ambush
On 4 December 1861, fifty-five men of the 3rd New Jersey Infantry, Col. George W. Taylor commanding, set an ambush nearby in retaliation for attacks on Union pickets. They stretched two telegraph wires across Braddock Road at the eastern end of a . . . Map (db m72404) HM
53Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — BW-3 — Burke Station
Burke Station was raided in December, 1862, by Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart. It was from this site, originally Burke Station Depot, that he sent his famous telegram to Union Quartermaster General Meigs complaining of the poor quality of the . . . Map (db m12) HM
54Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — Burke's StationThe Christmas Raid
After the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862, most of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia settled into winter quarters except for Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry, which instead went on the move. Wade Hampton, Fitzhugh Lee, . . . Map (db m83049) HM
55Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — Burke's StationWood Choppers and Teamsters
During the Civil War, African American laborers chopped wood and conveyed it to Burke’s Station, a major Federal timber transportation station located here on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad. To supply the Union army and engineers with timber for . . . Map (db m88520) HM
56Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — Copperthite Racetrack
In 1897 Henry Copperthite, a Georgetown businessman, purchased Silas Burke’s farm. In 1907 he constructed, according to a newspaper account, the “very best” harness racing facility “of its kind in the country.” The . . . Map (db m93999) HM
57Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — Ice House
Walls of this structure are approximately 18 inches thick and were filled with sawdust for proper insulation during the summer heat and winter cold. The primary use of this building was to store ice throughout the seasons before the innovation of . . . Map (db m129160) HM
58Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — Johnson-Sabin Way
Dedicated to the memory of Lt. Col. Dennis Johnson and Charles Sabin who lost their lives during the attack on the Pentagon September 11, 2001Map (db m129155) WM
59Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — Lee Chapel Church1871 - 1951
On this site stood Lee Chapel, a Methodist Episcopal Church, built 1871 and named in honor of General Robert E. Lee. Lee Chapel replaced Mount Carmel Church which had been located at Ox Road and present day Lee Chapel Road and had been destroyed by . . . Map (db m11) HM
60Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — Post Office
This post office was originally located next to Rudy Shields Insurance Agency, more recently known as the State Farm Insurance Agency. It was located in the center of Burke and was a vital part of the community. With the support of Fairfax County . . . Map (db m129161) HM
61Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — E-95 — Silas Burke House
Here lived Lt. Col. Silas Burke (b.1796–d.1854) and his wife, Hannah Coffer. Burke, for whom Burke's Station on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad was named, served as a director of the railroad and the Fairfax Turnpike Company. An innkeeper . . . Map (db m42) HM
62Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — The Huldah Coffer House
Built ca. 1876 for Huldah Coffer, this house was constructed on farmland that had been in the locally prominent Coffer family since the 18th century. Widowed at age 22, Coffer became a farmer, growing wheat, oats, and Indian corn and raising a . . . Map (db m86180) HM
63Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — The Silas Burke House
The historic home at 9617 Burke Lake Rd. was the residence of Lieutenant Colonel Silas Burke, his wife, Hanna Coffer Burke, and their two children. Silas Burke had this house built close to the time of his marriage in 1824. Burke was a successful . . . Map (db m129159) HM
64Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — Windmill
It is estimated that this windmill was erected in the late 1800s and provided fresh water to the house. A long rod was connected from the top of the windmill to a large well underneath. As wind blew, the windmill would rotate and the rod would slide . . . Map (db m129158) HM
65Virginia (Fairfax County), Burke — Wood Shed
This structure was used for several purposes through the years following the abolition of slavery, with the primary purpose of storing wood. It is the only one standing out of seven slave houses that were original to the property. Some of the beams . . . Map (db m129157) HM
66Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — A Place on the High GroundCentreville Civil War Forts & Earthworks
In the fall of 1861, after their July defeat at Manassas (Bull Run), Union forces retreated to Washington, D.C. to organize and retrain. Confederate forces concentrated in Centreville to bolster their defense of Northern Virginia and protect access . . . Map (db m8028) HM
67Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Archaeology at Newgate TavernHidden Clues to the Past
Tavern Landscape Archaeologists explored the tavern lot and discovered the tavern foundation, an outbuilding’s stone foundation, a small brick foundation, the privy foundation, and a number of trash pits. The tavern’s cellar foundation was . . . Map (db m71321) HM
68Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Battery Ridge
Located 40 ft. south of this location is the Flagler and Forsyth Family Cemetery, 1866. ————— Located 80 ft. to the north is a Civil War Fortification, 1861- 1862. This was a part of a large military complex that . . . Map (db m15004) HM
69Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Blackburn’s FordBullets “Humming Like a Bee-hive”
On July 18, 1861, Gen. Irvin McDowell, the Union army commander, learned that the Confederate army had withdrawn from its Centreville earthworks to a strong defensive position behind Bull Run. McDowell ordered Gen. Daniel Tyler to reconnoiter the . . . Map (db m42643) HM
70Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Blackburn’s FordGuarding the Fords
By the early summer of 1861, Americans in both the North and South greeted the outbreak of war with patriotism and expectations of a quick decisive battle to end the conflict. In the North, the public clamored for immediate invasion to crush the . . . Map (db m42644) HM
71Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — C-40 — Campaign of Second Manassas
Seven miles south is Manassas, where Jackson, on his turning movement around Pope, destroyed vast quantities of supplies, August 26–27, 1862. Hill and Ewell of Jackson's force, coming from Manassas, reached Centreville on their way to . . . Map (db m411) HM
72Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Centreville Methodist ChurchBuilt 1855
Destroyed during the Civil War. Rebuilt 1870. This Marker Presented in Memory of Martha Elliott Saunders by Her Children Otto Frank and Martha 1939 The Edifice Became the Anglican Church of the Ascension on December 23, 1973.Map (db m117176) HM
73Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Centreville, Virginia
In October 1861, nearly 40,000 troops of the Confederate Army encamped at Centreville. Over the winter they constructed approximately 17 miles of forts, trenches, rifle pits and batteries along the ridge from Centreville to Union Mills and between . . . Map (db m531) HM
74Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Civil War Fortifications
In the winter of 1861-1862, Centreville was the linchpin of extensive fortifications erected by Confederate troops to protect their winter quarters and block anticipated Union advances. The earthworks stretched nearly eight miles south and west of . . . Map (db m679) HM
75Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — C-21 — Confederate Defenses
Here while the Confederate army camped at Centreville, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston built strong fortifications in the winter of 1861–1862. In Feb. 1862, President Jefferson Davis ordered Johnston to evacuate them and move his army closer to . . . Map (db m412) HM
76Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Convicts and SlavesLaboring at Newgate
Naming of Newgate Before the town of Centreville was created in 1792, the area was named after places in London. Newgate Tavern may have been named after the infamous Newgate Prison. A property adjacent to the tavern was called Wapping after a . . . Map (db m71304) HM
77Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Z-169 — Fairfax County / Prince William County
Fairfax County. Area 417 square miles. Formed in 1742 from Prince William and Loudoun, and named for Lord Fairfax, Proprietor of the Northern Neck. Mount Vernon, George Washington's home, is in this county. Prince William County Area 345 . . . Map (db m166336) HM
78Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — C-42 — First Battle of ManassasPanic at Cub Creek Bridge
In the afternoon of 21 July 1861, after Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's and Brig. Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard's Confederates defeated Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell's Union army, the bridge over Cub Run was jammed with retreating Federal soldiers as well as . . . Map (db m413) HM
79Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — C-20 — First Battle of Manassas
McDowell gathered his forces here, July 18, 1861, to attack Beauregard, who lay west of Bull Run. From here a part of the Union army moved north to cross Bull Run and turn the Confederate left wing, July 21, 1861. This movement brought on the battle.Map (db m40320) HM
80Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — C-20 — First Battle of Manassas
Union Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell and his 35,000-man army left Washington, D.C., on 16 July 1861 and moved toward Manassas Junction, a strategically important railroad intersection defended by Confederate Brig. Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard. the Union . . . Map (db m168076) HM
81Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Manassas Gap Railroad Independent Line
The roadbed of the Independent Line of the Manassas Gap Railroad ran through this area. Conceived to extend the Manassas Gap Railroad from Gainesville to Alexandria, grading on this part of the line began in September 1854. The nearby stone bridge . . . Map (db m655) HM
82Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — C-17 — Military Railroad Terminus
Half a mile west is the terminus of the Centreville Military Railroad, the first railroad in the world constructed exclusively for military purposes. Built by the Confederate army late in 1861 because of impassable roads, it supplied the soldiers in . . . Map (db m887) HM
83Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Minnie Minter Carter Saunders
In Memory of Minnie Minter Carter Saunders A resident of Centreville area from 1884 to 1983. This building was constructed in 1937 using stone from Four Chimney House, also know as Grigsby House, believed to have been built by James . . . Map (db m114076) HM
84Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Mount Gilead Historic SiteCentreville, Virginia — Its History and Architecture —
Mount Gilead, built in the second half of the 18th century, is the sole survivor of Newgate village, a colonial settlement and trading center, renamed Centreville in 1792, when an act of the Virginia assembly gave it town status. Presenting an . . . Map (db m529) HM
85Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Mystery Of The Centreville SixThe Long Road Home
In June 1994, a well-preserved male skeleton was found buried in a then-wooded area a few yards in front of you and reported to authorities. Remnants of a woolen uniform jacket with military-style brass buttons covered the upper half of the remains. . . . Map (db m134315) HM
86Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Newgate TavernFor Dining, Drinking and Lodging
The Tavern William Carr Lane established the Newgate Tavern ca. 1768 on what was then a main route to the west. In the early 1800s, the tavern (renamed the Eagle Tavern) had a hallway and four spacious rooms on the first floor and large . . . Map (db m69038) HM
87Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Old Stone ChurchHaven for the Wounded
Here, where the Warrenton Turnpike turned west from Braddock Road, the Union army marched from Centreville to meet Confederate forces in the first great battle of the Civil War on July 21, 1861. The afternoon, Union soldiers passed by here again, . . . Map (db m166337) HM
88Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — On This SiteIn 1861
Confederate forces constructed this defense bunker in the winter of 1861. The bunker site was chosen due to the relatively high elevation of the Centreville area and it's excellent vantage. Confederate forces held the bunker from the time of its . . . Map (db m15301) HM
89Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Retreat From ManassasPanic at Cub Run Bridge
Following the disastrous defeat at the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861, the Union army retreated toward Centreville late in the afternoon with Confederate forces in pursuit. Thousands of Federal soldiers converged simultaneously at the . . . Map (db m75727) HM
90Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — C-22 — Second Battle of Manassas
Here Pope gathered his forces, August 30–31, 1862. From this point he detached troops to check Jackson at Ox Hill while the Union army retreated to the defenses at Alexandria.Map (db m410) HM
91Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — C-22 — Second Battle of Manassas
After the Second Battle of Manassas, fought about six miles west of here on 28-30 Aug. 1862, Union Maj. Gen. John Pope and his defeated Army of Virginia withdrew to Centreville. From here Pope sent troops to block an attempt by Confederate Maj. Gen. . . . Map (db m168078) HM
92Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — St. John’s Episcopal ChurchStill Faithful after the Ravages of War
Passing armies occupied and fortified Centreville, positioned between Washington, D.C., and Manassas Junction, beginning in July 1861 when Confederate and Union forces met during the war’s first significant campaign. As American and British . . . Map (db m57135) HM
93Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Stone BridgeManassas National Battlefield Park, Virginia — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
A War-Torn Landmark As the scene of the opening shots of the First Battle of Manassas and the retreat of Federals from the Second Battle of Manassas, the Stone Bridge witnessed the ebb and flow of Union fortune and misfortune in the two . . . Map (db m152390) HM
94Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad
These are the remains of the Centreville Confederate Military Railroad built in the fall and early winter of 1861 for the purpose of transporting supplies to the field armies of Generals Pierre G. T. Beauregard and Joseph Johnston. The railroad ran . . . Map (db m42608) HM
95Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Union RetreatSecond Battle of Manassas - Day Three — August 30, 1862 - 9 p.m. —
Under cover of darkness, the defeated Union army withdrew toward Centreville, four miles to the east. The troops crossed Bull Run on a makeshift wooden span, constructed several months earlier by Union engineers using the remaining bridge abutments. . . . Map (db m88720) HM
96Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — What is Foamhenge at Cox Farms?
It's a full-size, astronomically accurate replica of the outer ring of Stonehenge made entirely of styrofoam. It was created by artist Mark Cline of Enchanted Castle Studio in 2004, and originally stood in Natural Bridge, VA. Foamhenge underwent . . . Map (db m141625) HM
97Virginia (Fairfax County), Chantilly — B-11 — Battle of Chantilly(Ox Hill)
The Battle of Chantilly (Ox Hill) took place here 1 September, 1862. Union General John Pope's Army, retreating after defeat by Lee at Second Manassas, clashed with Jackson's divisions which were attempting to prevent Pope from reaching Washington. . . . Map (db m55932) HM
98Virginia (Fairfax County), Chantilly — Chantilly
The community of Chantilly, Virginia was named after the Chantilly mansion built by Charles and Cornelia Calvert Stuart on this site about 1817. The name “Chantilly” originated in France with the Château de Chantilly, just north of . . . Map (db m53620) HM
99Virginia (Fairfax County), Chantilly — Clover Hill
Clover Hill, the residence of Alexander Turley, was built near here ca. 1823 on a high point of Turley's 450-acre farm. The two-story brick house featured Alexander Turley's initials incorporated into the chimney using glazed bricks. Slave cabins . . . Map (db m95088) HM
100Virginia (Fairfax County), Chantilly — B-12 — Colonel John Singleton Mosby
This road, along which many of his skirmishes took place, is named for Colonel John Singleton Mosby, commander of the 43rd Battalion of Confederate Partisan Rangers. Their activities in this area helped keep the Confederate cause alive in Northern . . . Map (db m2669) HM

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May. 10, 2021