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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Richmond, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Richmond, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Richmond Ind. City, VA (565) Chesterfield County, VA (230) Henrico County, VA (345)  Richmond(565) Richmond (565)  ChesterfieldCounty(230) Chesterfield County (230)  HenricoCounty(345) Henrico County (345)
Adjacent to Richmond, Virginia
      Chesterfield County (230)  
      Henrico County (345)  
 
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1 Virginia, Richmond — The Hotel John Marshall
The Hotel John Marshall part of the Grace Street Commercial Historic District has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m240888) HM
2 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — 10.5 — African Americans and the WaterfrontRichmond Riverfront — Richmond Slave Trail —
The Richmond waterfront is steeped in African American history. From the early days when Richmond was a colonial trading post, free, indentures, and enslaved African Americans lived and worked in the area. Later, the Richmond dock became a place . . . Map (db m202877) HM
3 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Belle Isle Hydro Plant
In front of you are the remains of a hydroelectric power plant. It powered the trolley system on the south of the river and the steel company at the east end of the island. To your left and up are the remains of the Transformer . . . Map (db m64046) HM
4 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Belle Isle Prison Camp Monument
During the Civil War over 1,000 Union soldiers perished in the 6 acre prison site before you. Of those who survived, in bothe Northern and Southern camps, many were exchanged in such wretched condition that they were often unfit to return to duty. . . . Map (db m64035) HM WM
5 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Belle Isle Rolling Milling and Slitting ManufactoryApprox. 1815-1900
Through the arched doorway mules pulled carts of scrap iron from England. Water powered the machinery. European immigrants and black slaves provided the labor. The nails, wire and horseshoes were famous throughput the South. Sign donated by . . . Map (db m64045) HM
6 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Cannon over the Camp
The Belle Isle prisoner-of-war camp that stood before you here was a prison without walls. Federal soldiers were confined by the James River and by the low earthen "dead line," such as the one replicated in front of you, surrounding the camp. About . . . Map (db m64041) HM
7 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Canons (sic) and Corpses
Big guns on the hill deterred riots - in the over-crowded prison encampment to your left. Few escaped, most died of starvation, dysentery, and disease. In total about 1,000 perished. The cemetery, now empty, was to your right where trees grow . . . Map (db m13994) HM
8 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Civil War POW Camp
You are looking at the nationally significant site of the notorious Belle Isle prisoner-of-war camp where during the Civil War thousands of captured U.S. soldiers were confined. After the war began in 1861, military prisoners jammed Richmond’s . . . Map (db m64034) HM
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9 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — First Break Rapids
In 1969 Hurricane Camille punched a hole in this dam that once funneled water to power plants on Belle Isle and below Hollywood Cemetery. It's now a popular boating site. Notice how a small current on the far side goes back upstream offering an . . . Map (db m64050) HM
10 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Gun Emplacement
To large pits on top of this hill were intended for cannons to guard this prison island from northern attack. Rapids actually protected the island, there was never an attack, and no guns were ever installed. Sign funded by: Blue Ridge Mt. . . . Map (db m64049) HM
11 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Harnessing the River
You are walking across the top of the remains of an adjustable dam constructed by the Virginia Electric Power Company in 1901 to divert water into the Haxall Canal. The canal powered large water-driven machines under the 12th Street Power . . . Map (db m128031) HM
12 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Headgate
The river brings logs and debris with every flood, but clear water is needed to push the turbine blades that turn electric generators. Logs were floated away through the gate in the dam straight ahead. (Look under the wheel.) Small debris was caught . . . Map (db m64047) HM
13 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Headgate Cleaner
Water leading to the power plant was kept clean by passing it through slats in the headgate called trash racks. Bits of wood can wear away the edges of turbine blades and make them unbalanced. Repair was complicated and expensive. This . . . Map (db m64048) HM
14 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Historic Belle IsleJames River Park System
Early History Belle Isle, at 54 acres, is the largest island in the James River at Richmond, and also one of the most historic sites in the city. Virginia’s native tribes, including the Powhatans, fished in the river here for thousands of . . . Map (db m64038) HM
15 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Historic Belle Isle
In front of you is Belle Isle. At 54 acres, it is the largest island in the James River at Richmond, and one of the most historic sites in the city. Virginia Indians fished in the river here long before the English arrived, Captain John Smith was . . . Map (db m64056) HM
16 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Hollywood Rapids
The rapids to your left are named for the cemetery on the hill straight ahead. The granite rocks that cause them are part of a geological scar that stretches 1000 miles from New Jersey to Georgia. It resulted from the clash of the continents . . . Map (db m64053) HM
17 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — In a wooden crate similar to this one…
In a wooden crate similar to this one, Henry Brown, a Richmond tobacco worker, made the journey from slavery to freedom in 1849.
"My friends…managed to break open the box, and then came my resurrection from the grave of . . . Map (db m216616) HM
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18 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Ironworks Oil House
This stone storage shed was built to hold flammable lubricants and dangerous acids. The hand-cut stone likely was quarried here on Belle Isle. The shed served the Old Dominion Iron and Nail Company, which expanded from this area eastward, behind . . . Map (db m64043) HM
19 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — 9 — Mayo's Bridge — Richmond Slave Trail —
“The Union soldiers would put out the fires and push into the city within hours of the Confederates passing over the bridges. Among the first Union soldiers to put down their muskets and pick up fire hoses and axes would be several regiments of the . . . Map (db m41840) HM
20 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Native American Fishing
In April and May, the Falls of the James is the richest source of food available. 400 years ago, Native American men would wade with nets and spears among the rocks and rapids to catch migrating shad, herring and striped bass. Enormous . . . Map (db m64054) HM
21 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Old Dominion Iron & Steel CompanyThe Chrysler Building
The tall design, thick "I" beams and a mix of different sized pieces mark this as one of the first factory buildings constructed by the ODIS -- probably in the early 1900's. OIDS was famous for is advanced metallurgy and fine casting important in . . . Map (db m64044) HM
22 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Quarry Equipment
Winches mounted here hauled rough granite out of the quarry pit and down to the rail connection at the ast end of the island. Steam from boilers powered the drills. The use of concrete here foretells the end of the cut stone industry -- between . . . Map (db m64052) HM
23 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — Quarry Pond
Granite blocks were cut and winched up from the 19 foot deep quarry pit. Workers, mostly black prisoners, hit 2 cracks that led to the river. Water entered continually and the site was abandoned. Sunfish now live in the shallows, catfish at the . . . Map (db m64051) HM
24 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — The Falls of the James
You are standing over the Historic Falls of the James, an approximately 7-mile stretch where the river drops 105 feet in elevation as it crosses the fall line in downtown Richmond. The “fall Line” is a geologic term for an imaginary . . . Map (db m128030) HM
25 Virginia, Richmond, Belle and Mayo Islands — The Power of Moving WaterEverything before you has been shaped by the River.
The ancient river bank is the top of the hill before you. Floodwaters have slowly carved out the valley of the James. The Hollywood Cemetery is now 80 feet above the River. The rocks in front of you have a dome-topped, curvy, . . . Map (db m64042) HM
26 Virginia, Richmond, Bellevue — 34 — Richmond DefencesThe Outer Line
Here stood part of the outer line of the Confederate defences of Richmond, built in 1862-64. On the right the line crossed Brook Road and ran North and South along the ridge where Emmanuel church stands. On the left it extended four miles Westward, . . . Map (db m16008) HM
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27 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Alexander H. Stephens House Site
Alexander H. Stephens Vice President of the Confederate States of America Lived in the house that stood here in 1861 This tablet is placed by the Confederate Memorial Literary Society, A.D., 1912,Map (db m16272) HM
28 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — SA-58 — Alfred D. “A.D.” Price Reported permanently removed
Born into slavery in Hanover County in 1860, Alfred D. “A.D.” Price moved to Richmond in the late 1870s. Soon after coming to Richmond, he set up a blacksmith shop, which expanded into a livery stable and the funeral home that stands here, now known . . . Map (db m5601) HM
29 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Birthplace of Cardiac Transplantation
This site commemorates the pioneering basic, clinical and translational research that laid the foundation for successful cardiac transplantation. On this campus, Dr. Richard Lower performed the first heart transplant in Virginia on May 25, 1968. . . . Map (db m19180) HM
30 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Egyptian BuildingMedical College of Virginia — 1844 - 1845 —
This building in the Egyptian style has been used continuously since its completion in 1845. During the War Between the States it was the chief Southern center for the education of physicians and surgeons. This tablet is erected by the Alumni . . . Map (db m42672) HM
31 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — SA-72 — Egyptian Building
In Oct. 1844, Hampden-Sydney College’s medical department first held classes in this Egyptian Revival structure designed by Philadelphia architect Thomas S. Stewart. Completed in 1846, it provided educational and clinical facilities for the medical . . . Map (db m18855) HM
32 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — SA-54 — Engine Company No. 9 Fire Station
On 1 July 1950, the first professional Afro-American firefighters in Virginia were hired and in September were stationed on the northeast corner of this intersection. These courageous pioneers created a loyalty and dedication to each other and . . . Map (db m22323) HM
33 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — 17 — First African Baptist Church — Richmond Slave Trail —
"As for the singing, when the vast congregation poured out its full soul in the old-fashioned songs, the long and loud bursts of praise reminded one parishioner of the 'sound of many waters.'" Slave Missions & the Black . . . Map (db m41846) HM
34 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — SA-106 — First African Baptist Church
Tracing its roots to 1780 as the First Baptist Church, the First African Baptist Church was bought and organized by freedmen and slaves in 1841. The present building was erected on the same site in 1876. The establishment of First African Baptist . . . Map (db m79124) HM
35 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — SA-40 — Grant House / Sheltering Arms Hospital
William H. Grant, a prominent Richmond tobacconist, built this mansion by 1856 on property acquired from John Wickham's estate. The house, an early example in Richmond of the Italianate style, reflected the wealth and sophistication of late . . . Map (db m16170) HM
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36 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Low Rise Dorms
(panel 1) Low Rise Dorms Medical College of Virginia (MCV) President Witham T. Sanger had grand dreams for the school he led from 1925 until 1956. One of his more interesting concepts was a plan for a miniature “Village” . . . Map (db m132142) HM
37 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Matthew Fontaine Maury
. . . Map (db m30000) HM
38 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Maupin - Maury House
Originally built in 1846 at 1105 East Clay, Street, this Greek Revival townhouse was reconstructed on this site in1993 using much of the original architectural fabric. The builder, Dr. Socrates Maupin, was one of the founders of the medical . . . Map (db m30001) HM
39 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Medical College of VirginiaVirginia Commonwealth University
This plaque marks the grounds where physicians have been taught since 1844.Map (db m180156) HM
40 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Memorial TerraceMonumental Church
1788 This site was a part of the Academy of Sciences and Fine Arts where the Virginia Convention of 1788 voted to approve the proposed U.S. Constitution on June 25th. 1806 Richmond Theatre opened in three-story brick building. . . . Map (db m79129) HM
41 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — SA-38 — Monumental Church
The church is a memorial to the 72 people, including Virginia Governor George W. Smith, who died when the Richmond Theatre burned here in 1811. Several survivors owed their lives to the bravery of Gilbert Hunt, a slave blacksmith. A committee . . . Map (db m18853) HM
42 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — SA-85 — Navy Hill
The Navy Hill neighborhood, named as a tribute to nearby naval victories during the War of 1812, was settled by German immigrants beginning in 1810. It became a vibrant African American community by the turn of the century. Navy Hill’s distinctive . . . Map (db m47368) HM
43 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — President’s MansionWhite House of the Confederacy
This house was the executive mansion of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his family from August 1861 until April 2, 1865. A West Point graduate, former U.S. senator from Mississippi, and former U.S. secretary of war, Davis was the . . . Map (db m16271) HM
44 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Propeller shaft of the Iron-Clad Virginia
Section of the propeller shaft of the famous Iron-Clad Virginia (Merrimac), an essential portion of the machinery furnishing motive power to the ship in her engagements in Hampton Roads, when she, under command of Admiral Franklin Buchanan, . . . Map (db m143043) HM
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45 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Ratification of the Constitution
On this site the Virginia Convention ratified the United States Constitution June 25, 1788 In the ratifying convention were Edmund Randolph, James Madison, George Wythe, Henry Lee, John Marshall, Patrick Henry, George Mason and James Monroe . . . Map (db m18851) HM
46 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — SA-94 — Sadie Heath Cabaniss(1865-1921) — Nursing Innovator
Sadie Heath Cabaniss laid the foundation for professional nursing in Virginia and was the founder of the VCU School of Nursing in 1893. Cabaniss, who held leadership positions in both state and national nursing organizations, led the movement to . . . Map (db m69106) HM
47 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — St. Philip School of Nursing
During the era of racial segregation, the Medical College of Virginia established the St. Philip School of Nursing for African-American women. It operated from 1920 until September 1962, when the last of its 688 graduates received their nursing . . . Map (db m20721) HM
48 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — St. Philip's Way
St. Philip's Way St. Philip's Way is a historical path through Academy Square that connects the 19th-century Egyptian Building with the 21st-century James W. and Frances G. McGlothlin Medical Education Center. Along the way, you will learn . . . Map (db m85172) HM
49 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — The Virginia Convention of 1788
The Virginia Convention of 1788 met in the Richmond Academy near this spot and ratified the United States Constitution. Placed by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, 1907.Map (db m19179) HM
50 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Theatre Fire of December 26, 1811
The nearby monument bears the names of those who lost their lives in the theater fire of December 26, 1811. Those marked * may be misspelled. North Mary Gallego • Elizabeth Page • Jane Botts • Lucinda C. Wilson • Eleanor Gibson . . . Map (db m180180) HM
51 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — Third Street Bethel A.M.E. Church620 North 3rd Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Third Street Bethel A.M.E. Church has been registered as . . . Map (db m216653) HM
52 Virginia, Richmond, Biotech and MCV District — SA-50 — White House of the Confederacy
Built in 1818 as the residence of Dr. John Brockenbrough, this National Historic Landmark is best known as the executive mansion for the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865. President Jefferson Davis and is family lived here until Confederate . . . Map (db m4411) HM
53 Virginia, Richmond, Byrd Park Court Historic District — SA-53 — The Carillon
The Carillon, Virginia's War Memorial for World War I, was erected by the Commonwealth of Virginia to commemorate those who served. Designed by noted Boston architect Ralph Adams Cram, it is an interpretation of the Italian campanile in . . . Map (db m22492) HM
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54 Virginia, Richmond, Byrd Park Court Historic District — WCTU of Richmond Fountain
This fountain Is erected by the Womans Christian Temperance Union Of Richmond City and Henrico County And their friends in memory of the Crusaders of Hillsboro, Ohio who Went out December 19, 1873 with the Weapons of prayer and faith . . . Map (db m43871) HM
55 Virginia, Richmond, Byrd Park Court Historic District — SA-110 — Wilfred Emory Cutshaw(1838–1907)
Wilfred Cutshaw graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1858 and served as a lieutenant colonel of artillery in the Confederate army. As Richmond’s city engineer (1873–1907), he instituted an innovative system of civic planning . . . Map (db m108007) HM
56 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — E-232 — Loving v. Virginia
Richard Loving and Mildred Jeter, defined under Virginia’s 1924 Racial Integrity Act as an interracial couple, married in June 1958 in Washington, D.C and returned home to Caroline County. Arrested in July for violating Virginia’s laws against . . . Map (db m108166) HM
57 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — SA-47 — Anna Maria LaneSoldier of the American Revolution
Near the Bell Tower in Capitol Square stood the barracks of the Public Guard. There, from 1801 to 1807, lived John Lane and his wife, Anna Maria Lane, the only documented woman veteran of the Revolutionary War to reside in Virginia. She disguised . . . Map (db m4624) HM
58 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Capitol Cornerstone
"Archibald Cary, Speaker of the Senate, and the Richmond Lodge of Free Masons No. 13, Alexander Montgomery, Master, assisted by other officers and brethren laid the foundation of this fabrick on the 18th day of Augt. 1785, in the 10th year of . . . Map (db m216641) HM
59 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Edgar Allen Poe
Presented to the people of Virginia by George Edward Barksdale, M.D. and gratefully accepted by the Commonwealth of Virginia as a tribute of admiration for Poe's scholarly genius as an eminent and vigorous writer and poet.Map (db m4637) HM
60 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — SA-6 — Freedmen's Bureau / Freedman's Bank Reported missing
Slavery denied African Americans the education and skills required to exercise the freedoms won by the Civil War. To redress this, Congress created the Freedman Bureau and Freedman’s Bank in March 1865. In Richmond, the Bureau and its Bank first . . . Map (db m25307) HM
61 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — George Washington Monument
Washington (Marker conveys the impact of Virginians on our Country's history through its prominent and allegorical figures. See the "More about this marker" section and the links for more information).Map (db m4715) HM
62 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Governor Edmund Randolph
Site of the home of Governor Edmund Randolph, Patriot, Soldier, Statesman. Placed by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities 1907.Map (db m74180) HM
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63 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Harry Flood Byrd
State Senator 1916-26 Governor of Virginia 1926-30 United States Senator 1933-65 The General Assembly of Virginia on March 9, 1974, authorized this memorial to Harry Flood Byrd, of Winchester, Virginia, declaring that "The sum total of . . . Map (db m4711) HM
64 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Hunter Holmes McGuire, M.D.
(Front): To Hunter Holmes McGuire, M.D., LL.D., President of the American Medical and of the American Surgical Associations; Founder of the University College of Medicine; Medical Director, Jackson's Corps, Army of Northern . . . Map (db m4735) HM
65 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Inauguration of Davis
On a platform erected on this spot Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as the regularly elected President of the Confederate States of America, February 22, 1862.Map (db m4742) HM
66 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — John Marshall Corps of Cadets1915 • 1971
The Corps of Cadets established at John Marshall High School in 1915 was the first military training program in a public school in Virginia. Dedicated to the thousands of young men who wore the uniform of the Corps of Cadets. This . . . Map (db m114378) HM
67 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — John Marshall HouseBuilt 1790 Reported permanently removed
The third United States Supreme Court Justice lived here until his death in 1835. His family remained until 1909, and the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA) opened it to the public in 1913.Map (db m29353) HM
68 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — John Marshall HouseBuilt 1790 Reported permanently removed
The third United States Supreme Court Justice lived here until his death in 1835. His family remained until 1909, and the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA) opened it to the public in 1913.Map (db m216651) HM
69 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — John Marshall purchased… Reported permanently removed
John Marshall purchased the equivalent of the entire city block in 1788. He eventually added five outbuildings to service the House. In front of you, on the present site of the John Marshall Courts building, sat Marshall's law office, a two story . . . Map (db m216649) HM
70 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — John Tyler
State Legislator, U.S. Congressman Governor of Virginia, U.S. Senator, Vice President of U.S., Peace Commissioner, Confederate Congressman and tenth President of the United States This marker was placed in 1949 by the Head . . . Map (db m4713) HM
71 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — SA-56 — Kahal Kadosh Beth Shalome
Jews have participated in Virginia’s social and economic life from the colony’s beginnings. Kahal Kadosh Beth Shalome (Holy Congregation House of Peace) was founded in Richmond in 1789, when the Jewish community grew large enough to establish the . . . Map (db m231612) HM
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72 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — MantleThe Virginia Indian Tribute Dedicated April 17, 2018 — Virginia Indian Commemorative Commission —
Mantle is an earthwork monument by Mohawk artist Alan Michelson, based on the deerskin mantle in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, catalogued as follows in 1656: Pohatan, King of Virginia's habit all embroidered with shells, or Roanoke. . . . Map (db m216640) HM
73 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — SA-129 — Mary Richards Bowser Denman
Mary Richards Bowser Denman was born enslaved in Virginia ca. 1840. Given de facto freedom by Elizabeth Van Lew, whose family enslaved her, she was educated in New Jersey and sent to live in Liberia before returning to Richmond in 1860. During the . . . Map (db m216642) HM
74 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Old City HallA Registered National Landmark
. . . Map (db m125090) HM
75 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Pro-Cathedral of Saint Peter
The first cathedral of the Catholic Diocese of Richmond (1834 - 1906)Map (db m216635) HM
76 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — SA–42 — Richmond Evacuation Fire
After midnight on 3 April 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to several tobacco warehouses nearby on orders from Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, as the army evacuated Richmond and marched west. Two distinct fires spread rapidly throughout the . . . Map (db m8161) HM
77 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Richmond, Virginia Bicentennial1737 - 1937
Richmond, Surrey, England, visited by William Byrd in his boyhood, inspired the name for Richmond, Virginia. Commemorating that fact, the Virginia Branch of the English Speaking Union presents this tablet to Richmond, Virginia, on the occasion of . . . Map (db m125091) HM
78 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — SA-1 — Spottswood W. Robinson III
Spottswood W. Robinson III, a Richmond native, fought against Jim Crow laws that made African Americans second-class citizens. An attorney, he worked for the Virginia NAACP and the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund and helped to argue a . . . Map (db m173660) HM
79 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — St. Peter's Catholic Church125th Anniversary of Dedication — May 25, 1959 —
. . . Map (db m216633) HM
80 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The Bell Tower Reported permanently removed
This tower was built in 1824, on the site of a frame building. It long served as a guard house for the State Guard. The bell was a fire alarm and was also rung in emergencies. In 1861-1865 it was used to call out local defenders, notably on . . . Map (db m4632) HM
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81 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The Bell Tower
Completed in 1825, the Bell Tower replaced an earlier wooden structure and served as a guardhouse for the Virginia Public Guard. The bell was rung hourly and as an alarm for fire, military attack, and other emergencies. Since 1934, it has been rung . . . Map (db m216638) HM
82 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The Edward V. Valentine Sculpture Studio
Built in the early 1830s as a carriage house and stable at nearby 809 East Leigh Street, this building was purchased by sculptor Edward Valentine in 1871. To bring in the indirect natural lighting favored by artists, he installed a skylight and . . . Map (db m30009) HM
83 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The Executive Mansion of Virginia
On this site lived three Presidents of the United States, Monroe and Tyler as Governors and William Henry Harrison while his father, Benjamin Harrison, signer of the Declaration of Independence, was Governor. The first house on this site was also . . . Map (db m5216) HM
84 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The garden is fashioned… Reported permanently removed
The garden is fashioned in the late 18th century style and contains herbs and flowers from the period. The two story wooden kitchen building stood to the right with a small wooden smokehouse between it and the rear of the House. A two story wooden . . . Map (db m216650) HM
85 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The John Marshall House Reported permanently removed
Built in 1790, this brick house reflects the late 18th century Federal period style. It was home to the Chief Justice whose principles shaped our Federal government and established the Supreme Court we know today. The structure houses an unusually . . . Map (db m29352) HM
86 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The John Marshall House
The John Marshall House The John Marshall House was the Richmond home of “the Great Chief Justice” from 1790 to 1835. The longest serving Chief Justice to date, Marshall was known as the “definer of the Constitution" and a shaper of the . . . Map (db m114376) HM
87 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The John Marshall House
Built in 1790, this was the home of John Marshall the "Great Chief Justice" of the United States Supreme Court and Richmond's leading citizen, until his death in 1835. The house was saved from demolition in 1911 by Preservation Virginia.Map (db m216644) HM
88 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The Murphy Hotel
On this site once stood the Murphy Hotel (also known as Murphy's Hotel). In 1866, John Murphy established his original hostelry as a small Oyster Bar and guesthouse. Business thrived and the two-story frame oyster shack was replaced with a . . . Map (db m216647) HM
89 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The Residence of John Marshall
Chief Justice of the United States Born 1755, died 1835.Map (db m216645) HM
90 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The Richmond Female Institute / Woman's College of Richmond
This tablet marks the site of The Richmond Female Institute and Woman's College of Richmond 1853 - 1916 Presidents Bash Manly, Jr., D.D. • John Hart, B.A., M.A., B.L. • Charles H. Winston, M.A., L.L.D. • Salley B. Hamner . . . Map (db m216643) HM
91 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The Treasury Building of the Confederate States of America Reported missing
This wall was once a part of the Treasury Building of the Confederate States of America. In it were the offices of the President, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Treasurer of the Confederate Government. . . . Map (db m8152) HM
92 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — The Triangle
Liverpool, England • The Benin Region of West Africa • Richmond, Virginia During the 18th Century, these three places reflected one of the well-known triangles in the trade of enslaved Africans. Men, women and children were captured in . . . Map (db m20765) HM
93 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Thomas J. Jackson, General CSA
Presented by English Gentlemen as a tribute of admiration for The Soldier and Patriot Thomas J. Jackson and gratefully accepted by Virginia in the name of the Southern People. Done A.D. 1875. In the hundredth year of the Commonwealth. . . . Map (db m4734) HM
94 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — SA-99 — Valentine Museum
The 1892 bequest of Mann S. Valentine II, creator of Valentine’s Meat Juice health tonic, established the Valentine Museum as one of Richmond’s first museums. He sought to create a museum devoted to the art, history, and culture of the world. First . . . Map (db m59353) HM
95 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Virginia Civil Rights Memorial
On April 23, 1951, 16-year-old Barbara Johns and several fellow students led a strike to protest the deplorable conditions at their racially segregated Prince Edward County school. The Rev. L. Francis Griffin united parents in support of the strike . . . Map (db m25310) HM
96 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — SA-104 — Virginia’s Executive Mansion
Designed by renowned Boston architect Alexander Parris and completed in 1813, Virginia’s Federal-style Executive Mansion is the oldest purpose-built residence for governors and first families in the United States still serving that function. Until . . . Map (db m74179) HM
97 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Voices from the GardenThe Virginia Women's Monument
This monument stands as an enduring tribute to all of Virginia's women, both renowned and unrecognized, who have shaped over 400 years of our culture, our country, and our great Commonwealth. ❶ Anne Burras Laydon . . . Map (db m216636) HM
98 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — Voices from the GardenThe Virginia Women's Monument
This monument stands as an enduring tribute to all of Virginia's women, both renowned and unrecognized, who have shaped over 400 years of our culture, our country, and our great Commonwealth. ❶ Anne Burras Laydon . . . Map (db m216637) HM
99 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — SA-100 — Wickham-Valentine House
Attorney John Wickham (1763-1839) lived at this location beginning in 1790. A prominent lawyer, he helped defend Aaron Burr against treason charges in 1807. Alexander Parris designed this neoclassical house built here for Wickham in 1812. Wickham’s . . . Map (db m59355) HM
100 Virginia, Richmond, Capitol District — William Smith
(On front of granite base): William Smith. Virginia. Born Sep 6th 1797. Died May 18th 1887. 1836-40. 1841-42. Member of Virginia Senate. 1846-49. Governor of Virginia. 1841-43. 1853-61. Member of United States Congress. . . . Map (db m4712) HM

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Apr. 14, 2024