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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Macon County, Alabama
Adjacent to Macon County, Alabama
► Bullock County (22) ► Elmore County (35) ► Lee County (59) ► Montgomery County (336) ► Russell County (66) ► Tallapoosa County (48)
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Fort Davis Railroad Depot
The first Fort Davis Railroad Depot was constructed in 1892,
which was approximately the time that the Savannah-Americus-Montgomery Railroad came through the community.
The current building was . . . — — Map (db m161039) HM|
|Franklin School, originally constructed on this lot, was in operation as early as the 1890s teaching grades 1-11. By the mid 1930s, it was downsized to grades 1-6. There were northern and southern classrooms adjoined by a common auditorium. The . . . — — Map (db m68028) HM|
|The "Little Texas" Methodist Tabernacle and Campground, site of Camp meetings since the 1850's. The Tabernacle-a place of worship-was built by black and white settlers of the area.
The original structure was made of hand-hewn timbers, wooden pegs, . . . — — Map (db m85462) HM|
|Union Christian Church began in spring 1897, under a brush arbor approximately 4 miles northeast of this site. Two
acres were donated by future Congressman Charlie W. Thompson, of Tuskegee. Rev. John Allen Branch was the
first minister. The . . . — — Map (db m59636) HM|
Across the highway
from this point stood the
Primitive Baptist Church
1860 A.D. to 1940 A.D.
this marker erected
by the . . . — — Map (db m95107) HM|
Celebrated author Zora Neale Hurston was born in Notasulga on January 7, 1891. Her parents, John Hurston and Lucy Potts met here, at the Macedonia Baptist Church. but moved to Eatonville, Florida where Zora grew up. Through . . . — — Map (db m95110) HM|
|The camp on this site served as a military hospital, a camp of conscription and instruction, a supply depot, and a cemetery during the War Between the States. At one time, there were hundreds of headstones and rocks marking the final resting place . . . — — Map (db m73529) HM|
|The Baptismal located outside and to the rear of the Church on the school side, was used from 1945 until 1988. All members presenting for baptism were baptized here during those years. Prior to 1945, members were baptized in a nearby body of water. . . . — — Map (db m95114) HM|
The Church Privies are located behind the church. There are mens and womens, each with three toilets. The toilets are original, and are made of solid metal, with attached closable lids. According to the wording on the lids, they were . . . — — Map (db m95115) HM|
It was under this tree that participants in the U.S. Public Health Study of Untreated Syphilis in Negro Males in Macon County, Alabama, met to wait for Nurse Rivers, the Shiloh School nurse, to come and either administer treatment, update health . . . — — Map (db m95113) HM|
| Oldest Identified Grave Site: 1881.
Grave sites include participants of the
U.S. Public Health Study of Syphilis in
Untreated Black Males, 1930-1972.
Designated State of Alabama Historic Site: 2006 — — Map (db m151227) HM|
The Shiloh-Rosenwald School, located in Notasulga, was a collaboration between educator Booker T. Washington and Julius Rosenwald, CEO of Sears. Rosenwald schools are landmarks in the history of African-American . . . — — Map (db m95109) HM|
|Unmarked grave in Cubahatchie Baptist Church Cemetery. Half-blooded Creek Indian, planter, soldier, Indian agent,
and historian, Stiggins lived on a nearby farm fronting the Federal Road from 1831 until his death. There he wrote "A . . . — — Map (db m60534) HM|
By this former Indian path
Matthew Parham Sturdivant
came in 1808 as
first official representative
Methodist Episcopal Church
in the territory of
the present State of Alabama,
a missionary from
the South Carolina . . . — — Map (db m78118) HM|
Beginning in the mid-1930s during the Great Depression, the federal New Deal promoted Land Resettlement to move farmers across the nation off worn out soil to new farmland. The Resettlement Administration, and its successor the . . . — — Map (db m68000) HM|
Shorter was originally called Cross Keys for the birthplace in South Carolina of an early settler, J.H. Howard. It was later named Shorter for former Alabama Governor John Gill Shorter. The town embodies the memories of the proud Creek Indian . . . — — Map (db m85463) HM|
|In 1957, local government officials in Tuskegee, Alabama sought to gerrymander the city's limits in an attempt to diminish the number of black votes in upcoming elections. Alabama state senator Sam Engelhardt sponsored Act 140, which transformed . . . — — Map (db m139876) HM|
|This two-story brick structure, built in 1870, is an example of the Italianate Style. Many of these buildings no longer exist, being replaced by later growth in downtown districts. The Italianate Style is distinguished by the large upper story . . . — — Map (db m100193) HM|
|Churches within the African American community played an important role during the civil rights movement. They were places beyond control of white power structure, as well as locations where people could express themselves without reprisal. They . . . — — Map (db m139884) HM|
|William Bartram, America's first native born artist - naturalist, passed through Macon County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain's King George . . . — — Map (db m99676) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m69096) HM|
|Tuskegee consists of 80 square miles and is the county seat of Macon County, Alabama. Tuskegee rests in the heart of the rural Alabama Black Belt and is 40 miles east of Montgomery. Tuskegee was founded by General Thomas S. Woodward in 1833 after he . . . — — Map (db m99679) HM|
|Before the mid-1960s, Tuskegees black population faced many challenges when attempting to register to vote. Furthermore, the State of Alabama redrew the towns political boundaries in an effort to prevent registered blacks from voting in local . . . — — Map (db m69048) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m99680) WM|
Macon County was created by the Alabama Legislature on December 18, 1832 and formed out of land formerly belonging to the Creek Indians. The County was named for Nathaniel Macon, a Revolutionary War soldier and long-serving . . . — — Map (db m99677) HM|
|Mount Olive Missionary Baptist Church developed out of the Tuskegee Baptist Church, originally organized in 1842. Although both whites and blacks (slaves) initially worshipped at the same location, the white congregants built a new facility in 1858, . . . — — Map (db m139880) HM|
|Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (1913 – 2005) was an iconic activist during the mid twentieth century civil rights movement. Born in Tuskegee, Parks later moved with her mother to Pine Level located near Montgomery, Alabama. She was encouraged by . . . — — Map (db m134670) HM|
|Samuel "Sammy" Leamon Younge, Jr. (1944-1966), a civil rights and voting rights activist, was the first African American university student killed during the civil rights movement. A Tuskegee native, Younge was attending Tuskegee University when . . . — — Map (db m139875) HM|
|The actual sight of a first-class house that a Negro has built is ten times more potent than pages of discussion about a house that he ought to build, or perhaps could build. —Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery . . . — — Map (db m101919) HM|
|The Tuskegee Veterans Administration Hospital (VA), established in 1923, is significant as the first VA hospital in the nation to be administered by an all African American medical staff.
After WWI, African American veterans found it difficult . . . — — Map (db m101900) HM|
|In August of 1963, the United States District Court M. D. Alabama sided with the plaintiff in Lee v. Macon County Board of Education. This pivotal civil rights case involved the integration of, the all-white Tuskegee High School (located on . . . — — Map (db m139878) HM|
|Following World War II, Tuskegee's black population began to grow, and many sought to register to vote. Perceiving a threat to their political power, white politicians tried to control the black vote through a variety of techniques. These actions . . . — — Map (db m139877) HM|
Known as the Tea Room, this small lunchroom was built during the initial expansion phase of Moton Field in 1942 and 1943, when amenities such as offices and bathrooms not built into the original hangar were added. Here, personnel stationed at . . . — — Map (db m64362) HM|
|Try to imagine how Moton Field looked and sounded when the cadets trained here. Compare the scene today to the photograph below, taken from your vantage point around 1944. As the pace of training accelerated during the war, Moton Field became a very . . . — — Map (db m64366) HM|
|During World War II a guard house stood just outside the brick entrance gates to Moton Field. The framed structure closest to you is a representation of the guard house. The historic entrance gates are just beyond. How excited the young cadets must . . . — — Map (db m99927) HM|
|This building was completed in 1941 as a restroom, shower, and locker room for administrative and support personnel. It had facilities for both men and women. Both black and white may have used the building. If so, it almost certainly would have . . . — — Map (db m64361) HM|
|A fire at an airfield, with highly flammable materials everywhere, could be catastrophic. The Bath and Locker House fire shown here highlighted the need for a dependable water supply for firefighting. A pond met that need. It also helped control . . . — — Map (db m100251) HM|
The Fire Protection Shed in front of you was used to store equipment such as hoses, fire extinguishers, and tools for fighting fires. Fire was always a danger at the airfield because of the flammable materials used in airplanes and the fuels . . . — — Map (db m64364) HM|
|The Cadet House and the Army Supply Building provided much-needed space when training operations expanded in 1942 and 1943. The Cadet House also held a cadet classroom and waiting room, a coat room, and the Flight Surgeon's Office. The Army Supply . . . — — Map (db m100252) HM|
In Hangar No. 1 flying became real for the aviation cadet. The hangar housed the main activities of the airfield, including flight debriefings, flight record-keeping, aircraft maintenance, and military and civilian management. Several smaller . . . — — Map (db m64365) HM|
|During World War II primary training airplanes were built mostly of wood and fabric. Ground crews sealed and strengthened the fabric with several applications of a highly flammable, explosive acetate coating called "dope." This shed was used to . . . — — Map (db m100253) HM|
|This is the site of Hangar No. 2, completed in early 1944 in response to the tremendous increase in the number of cadets training at Moton Field. The building, nearly identical to Hangar No. 1, contained classrooms, a briefing room, a medical . . . — — Map (db m99931) HM|
|Moton Field was built by Tuskegee Institute, now Tuskegee University, in 1941 after the school contracted with the U.S. Army to provide primary flight training for the nation's first African American military pilots. By the end of World War II . . . — — Map (db m99940) HM|
|This ventilated shed provided safe and convenient storage for the large quantities and various grades of oil used at Moton Field for the maintenance of airplanes and service vehicles. It has been adapted to house the site's fire protection system. . . . — — Map (db m100254) HM|
|Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site commemorates the contributions of the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II—and to American society afterward. The site preserves Moton Field, where the airmen trained before going to war. Their courageous . . . — — Map (db m99938) HM|
From Moton Fields Control Tower, controllers directed flight operations and signaled landing instructions to pilots through a system of flashing colored lights. Dispatchers called cadets for their flights. The tower overlooked the busy – . . . — — Map (db m64363) HM|
|Over 1,000 cadets learned to fly here at Moton Field, taking off and landing on an open, grassy field beyond the structures below. The field was used so intensely for primary flight training during World War II that the aircraft soon rutted the . . . — — Map (db m99941) HM|
|The first African American fighter pilots in the U.S. Army Air Corps were the public face of the Tuskegee Airmen. They made extraordinary contributions to the Allied victory in Europe during World War II. But their success was made possible by the . . . — — Map (db m99934) HM|
|Young African American men came to Tuskegee from all over the nation to train as military pilots. They began with primary flight training here at Tuskegee Institute's Moton Field. Tuskegee Institute also had a smaller field, Kennedy Field, where . . . — — Map (db m100255) HM|
|The tarmac between the two hangars was a busy part of Moton Field. Cadets arriving by bus were dropped off here and went to their duties in preparation for flight training. Others boarded the buses to return to the Tuskegee Institute campus. Fuel . . . — — Map (db m99681) HM|
|This building served as the garage for Moton Field's small fleet of support vehicles. It provided storage at night and "drive-through" vehicle maintenance by day. Rooms on the north side provided office space for maintenance staff and file storage . . . — — Map (db m100256) HM|
|Amelia Boynton Robinson (1911 2015) was a voting rights activist and civil rights icon. Born on August 18, 1911, in Savannah, Georgia, she received her bachelor's degree in home economics from Tuskegee University in 1927. In 1934, Mrs. Boynton . . . — — Map (db m139890) HM|
|We shall prosper . . . as we learn to dignify and glorify labor and put brains and skills into the common occupations of life. —Booker T. Washington
Tuskegee Institute's vocational training program began in this . . . — — Map (db m101934) HM|
He lifted the Veil of Ignorance
from his people and pointed
the way to progress through
education and industry
We shall prosper in proportion as we
learn to dignify and glorify labor . . . — — Map (db m100163) HM|
|. . . I should consider it a far-reaching calamity for us to lose Mr. Taylor at Tuskegee. —Booker T. Washington
Look at the buildings around the main quadrangle. Much of what you see is the work of Robert R. Taylor, . . . — — Map (db m101929) HM|
|On February 10, 1940 George Washington Carver signed the deed of gift establishing the Carver Foundation with a $33,000 contribution from his personal savings. According to Carver, the foundation was established "for the purpose of combining . . . — — Map (db m101912) HM|
| The primary idea in all of my work was to help the farmer and fill the poor man's empty dinner pail . . .
—George Washington Carver
George Washington Carver taught classes and developed new products from peanuts, . . . — — Map (db m101938) HM|
|Charles Goode Gomillion (1900-1995) was born on April 1, 1900, in Johnston, South Carolina. He joined the faculty at Tuskegee University in 1928, where he served as dean of students and chair of the social sciences department. He was president of . . . — — Map (db m140006) HM|
| The young women all seated first, and then the young men march in. But no conversation is allowed until . . . a simple grace is chanted by the
chorus of a thousand voices. —Booker T. Washington, The Working . . . — — Map (db m101926) HM|
We also felt that we must not only teach the students how to prepare their food but how to serve and eat it properly. Booker T. Washington, The Story of My Life and Work
Hospitality continues to reign in this . . . — — Map (db m100274) HM|
|Let our societies spend less money in taking care of the sick, and much more money in promoting the health of the race . . . . Let us make health contagious in every community rather than disease. —Booker T. Washington, Address . . . — — Map (db m101940) HM|
| Side 1
Born in 1930 in Montgomery, Gray was among the foremost civil rights attorneys of the 20th century. Forced by segregation to leave Alabama to attend law school, he vowed to return and "destroy everything segregated I could find." . . . — — Map (db m101898) HM|
Named for Frederick Douglass, famed runaway slave, abolitionist and statesman. Douglass came to Tuskegee in 1892 and delivered the 11th Annual Commencement address in which he "urged economy, thrift and common sense." Those words of Douglass . . . — — Map (db m101908) HM|
A life that stood out as a gospel of self-forgetting service. He could have added fortune to fame but caring for neither he found happiness and honor in being helpful to the world.
The centre of his world was the South where he was born in . . . — — Map (db m100165) HM|
I will be very glad to pay the bills for the library building . . .
and I am glad of this opportunity to show the interest I have
in your noble work. —Andrew Carnegie
Carnegie Hall is named for Andrew Carnegie, . . . — — Map (db m101923) HM|
|When school is in session, the broad expanse in front of you—the university's main quadrangle—buzzes with activity just as it did in the early 1900s, but life was much more regimented then. Students received demerits if they did not obey . . . — — Map (db m101920) HM|
|Built as a girls dormitory with funds donated by the widow of Collis P. Huntington, philanthropist, and president of the C & O (Chesapeake & Ohio) Railroad. Huntington Hall was designed by architect, Robert R. Taylor, the first African American . . . — — Map (db m101907) HM|
|Jessie Parkhurst Guzman (1898-1996) was born in Savannah, Georgia, educated at Howard University (BA, 1919) and Columbia University (MA, 1924), and worked at Tuskegee University for over forty years. During Guzman's time at Tuskegee University, she . . . — — Map (db m139885) HM|
|Julius Rosenwald (1862-1932) was a Jewish multimillionaire merchant and one of the founders (1906) of Sears, Roebuck, and Company, then the largest department store in the United States. Rosenwald was a member of the Tuskegee University Board of . . . — — Map (db m134671) HM|
|In this sculpture by Charles Keck, Booker T. Washington lifts the veil of ignorance from the face of a former slave. The open book, plow, and anvil symbolize Washington's guiding principles of opening the path to education through agriculture and . . . — — Map (db m99942) HM|
|. . . the school is not dependent upon the presence of any one individual. The whole
executive force . . . is so organized . . . that the machinery of the school goes on day by day like clockwork.
—Booker T. Washington, . . . — — Map (db m101922) HM|
Porter Hall was the first building erected on the Tuskegee campus. The building housed administrative offices, library reading and recitation rooms, chapel, kitchen, dining room, living quarters and laundry. It . . . — — Map (db m101915) HM|
Olivia Davidson Hall
1886 – 1954
Originally Samuel Armstrong Hall 1886 - 1892 — — Map (db m101914) HM|
|At the time we occupied the place there were standing upon it a cabin, formerly used as the dining room, an old kitchen, a stable, and an old hen-house. Within a few weeks we had all of these structures in use.
—Booker T. . . . — — Map (db m101916) HM|
|This plaza is dedicated to the memory of the Tuskegee Airmen, including General Daniel "Chappie" James, whose training at Tuskegee University and the Tuskegee Army Air Field enabled them to prove for all time the competence and bravery of Black . . . — — Map (db m20076) HM|
|The Tuskegee Institute Advancement League (TIAL) was a student-based organization started in 1963 and reorganized in 1965 during the school integration crises. It originally sought to gain a measure of academic freedom through input with the . . . — — Map (db m139886) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m102540) HM|
|Thrasher Hall, renovated in 1983. Was built in 1893 by teachers and students using brick they made. Only the exterior walls remain from the original building. The bell above rang for class changes. It was located in the building's bell tower until . . . — — Map (db m101905) HM|
|More than 8,000 people, White and Colored, rich and poor, from the lowliest farm and the richest Fifth Avenue mansion crowded in and around the school chapel to pay homage [to Booker T. Washington].
—Baltimore Afro-American, . . . — — Map (db m99943) HM|
. . . I always make it a rule to read a chapter [in the Bible] or a portion of a chapter in the morning, before beginning the work of the day.
—Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery
The chapel, designed by Paul . . . — — Map (db m100162) HM|
|The Tuskegee Civic Association, whose offices were located here, started out of The Mens Meeting of the 1920s and the Tuskegee Mens Club of the 1930s. On April 13, 1941, in order to increase its effectiveness and to embrace all segments of the . . . — — Map (db m139923) HM|
|This U.S. Air Force F-4C Phantom Jet Fighter was flown by General "Chappie" James, Tuskegee University graduate and first Black Four-Star General in the U.S. Armed Services, on his last combat mission--Operation Bold--over Southeast Asia. It flies . . . — — Map (db m101902) HM|
|I determined when quite a small child . . . I would in some way get enough education to enable me to read common books and newspapers.
—Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery
Booker T. Washington changed the . . . — — Map (db m101932) HM|
|Named in honor of Alexander Moss White of Brooklyn, New York, with funds donated by his children. This structure opened fall 1909. The building was officially dedicated in January 1910 was a dormitory for women. A bronze tower with clock was added . . . — — Map (db m101906) HM|