“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Apache County, Arizona

Clickable Map of Apache County, Arizona and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Apache County, AZ (48) Graham County, AZ (16) Greenlee County, AZ (9) Navajo County, AZ (124) Montezuma County, CO (62) Catron County, NM (11) Cibola County, NM (32) McKinley County, NM (24) San Juan County, NM (28) San Juan County, UT (47)  ApacheCounty(48) Apache County (48)  GrahamCounty(16) Graham County (16)  GreenleeCounty(9) Greenlee County (9)  NavajoCounty(124) Navajo County (124)  MontezumaCountyColorado(62) Montezuma County (62)  CatronCountyNew Mexico(11) Catron County (11)  CibolaCounty(32) Cibola County (32)  McKinleyCounty(24) McKinley County (24)  SanJuanCounty(28) San Juan County (28)  SanJuanCountyUtah(47) San Juan County (47)
St. Johns is the county seat for Apache County
Adjacent to Apache County, Arizona
      Graham County (16)  
      Greenlee County (9)  
      Navajo County (124)  
      Montezuma County, Colorado (62)  
      Catron County, New Mexico (11)  
      Cibola County, New Mexico (32)  
      McKinley County, New Mexico (24)  
      San Juan County, New Mexico (28)  
      San Juan County, Utah (47)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Arizona, Apache County, Alpine — The Old Bushvalley Fort
On U.S. 180 at milepost 427.7, on the left when traveling west.
Here Stood The Old Bushvalley Fort Built 1879 For protection against Renegade ApachesMap (db m36274) HM
2Arizona, Apache County, Chambers — Badlands
Near Park Road, on the right when traveling north.
Geologists call eroded landscapes such as the Painted Desert "badlands." Summer thunderstorms and winter snowmelt carve the shale and sandstone into mazes of sharp ridges, steep hillsides, and deep V-shaped gullies. Practically waterless, badlands . . . Map (db m72923) HM
3Arizona, Apache County, Chambers — Painted Desert / Finding Fossils
On Park Road, on the right when traveling west. Reported missing.
The colorful mesas, buttes, and badlands before you compose a natural work of art--the Painted Desert. Wind and running water cut these features from the Chinle Formation deposited over 200 million years ago when this area was a vast inland . . . Map (db m72925) HM
4Arizona, Apache County, Chinle — House Under Rock
Near Mummy Cave Overlook Road, 1.5 miles east of North Rim Highway (Indian Route 64).
Discovery of two well-preserved mummies led members of an 1880 archeological expedition to call this site Mummy Cave. The traditional Navajo name for this impressive setting is Tséyaa Kini — House Under Rock. Anasazi lived here for nearly a . . . Map (db m170537) HM
5Arizona, Apache County, Chinle — Sliding House Ruins
Near Sliding House Overlook Road, 1.6 miles north of South Rim Highway (Indian Route 7).
The Navajo know this prehistoric Anasazi village site as Kináázhoozhí, which means Sliding House. It is an apt description. The dwellings were constructed upon a steeply sloping ledge, and even the ingenious Anasazi builders were unable to keep many . . . Map (db m170548) HM
6Arizona, Apache County, Chinle — The Place Where Two Fell Off
Near Mummy Cave Overlook Road, 1.5 miles east of North Rim Highway (Indian Route 64).
Spanish soldiers may have fired from this very site during the infamous “massacre” of 1805. Their Navajo targets were huddled in the alcove below and to the left. Spanish accounts describe a day-long battle against Indians . . . Map (db m170547) HM
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7Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 8 — 26 Bar Hereford Ranch
On School Bus Road at West Central Avenue (Arizona Route 260), on the right when traveling south on School Bus Road.
Once owned & often visited by film legend John Wayne, the ranch with the prominent white show barn came to fame in the 1940s as the Milky Way Hereford Ranch, owned by the Mars Candy Family.Map (db m36611) HM
8Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 9 — Amity School
On West 26 Bar Road, 0.4 miles west of School Bus Road, on the right when traveling west.
This stone chimney is all that remains of a one room country school house that served pioneer Amity pop. 119 from the early 1880's until closing in April 1930. The Amity Cemetery & Amity Ditch are the only other remains of this early Mormon . . . Map (db m36614) HM
9Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 11 — Benjamin B. Crosby Home
On Main Street, 0.1 miles north of West 6th Street, on the right when traveling north.
An early 1900s adobe home built by the son of Eagar's first Mormon Bishop. Crosby, a major sheep & cattle rancher, was a railroad contractor who in 1917 laid the track for the Santa Fe Railroad north of here.Map (db m36626) HM
10Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 7 — Colter Ranch
On School Bus Road at West Central Avenue (Arizona Route 260), on the left when traveling south on School Bus Road.
Below among the large cottonwood trees are the historic hdqtrs of Fred T. Colter's Cross Bar Ranch. Originally homesteaded in 1881 by Texan Micajah Phelps, Colter built the ranch into one of the largest cattle operations in Northeastern AZ.Map (db m36609) HM
11Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 13 — Eagar Elementary School
On Main Street at West 2nd Street, on the left when traveling north on Main Street.
After the original frame school house burned in 1930, this building served Eagar's children for 53 years. Mothers prepared hot lunch across the street creating Eagar's own depression era "soup lines" at 5 cents a cup for the children.Map (db m36628) HM
12Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 15 — Harry Colter Home
On North Main Street, on the left when traveling north.
Completed in 1912 by J.P. LeSueur manager of the Eagar ACMI, this frame house with a skin of pressed metal wall sheathing is best known as home to one of the Colter Bros. important Round Valley Ranchers.Map (db m36643) HM
13Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 14 — Joseph Udall Barn
On East Central Avenue, 0 miles east of Main Street, on the right when traveling east.
Built in the early 1900s by one of Eagar's prominent civic, religious & business leaders, this barn was constructed with wooden pegs & retains remarkable architectural integrity. The 2-story brick farmhouse no longer stands.Map (db m36640) HM
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14Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 12 — Oscar Jepson Home
On Main Street, on the left when traveling north.
Built c.1892, this adobe structure once housed the Eagar School & later a bootlegger's still. Jepson purchased & enlarged the home in 1925 & moved his family from Alpine so his daughters could attend Round Valley High School.Map (db m36627) HM
15Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 10 — Rencher Home
On South Harless Street at West 8th Street, on the left when traveling north on South Harless Street.
On July 24, 1900, the Peter P. Rencher family arrived from Texas in four wagons & set about building their place in Eagar. Completed in 1913, this 5 bedroom, red brick Colonial Revival home was the crown jewel of their labors.Map (db m36618) HM
16Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 6 — Snyder-Cavanaugh Shoot Out
On South River Road, 0.1 miles south of West Central Avenue, on the left when traveling south.
In 1878, this notorious outlaw gang clashed over dividing their loot. A heated gunfight occurred in the saddle of this hill and it is said that at least seven died. Here lie their last known remains.Map (db m36607) HM
17Arizona, Apache County, Eagar — 16 — William LeSueur Home1913
On North Main Street at East 3rd Avenue, on the right when traveling north on North Main Street.
This handsome example of Colonial Revival architecture was home to the manager of Round Valley's ACMIs. His wife, the area's first registered nurse, boarded expectant mothers & teachers from the high school.Map (db m36645) HM
18Arizona, Apache County, Lupton — Arizona HighwaysSunset Point Rest Area
Near Interstate 40 at milepost 359.
U.S. Route 66 (US 66 or Route 66), also known as the Will Rogers Highway, the Main Street of America or the Mother Road, was one of the original highways within the U.S. Highway System. US 66 was established on Nov. 11, 1926, with road signs erected . . . Map (db m184319) HM
19Arizona, Apache County, Lupton — In Memory of Max Ortega1905-1979
Near Interstate 40 at milepost 359.
Life-long resident of this area, son of a pioneer Arizona family, and early tradesman who was friend and neighbor to all.Map (db m36562) HM
20Arizona, Apache County, Lupton — One Days Ride to Zuni
Near Interstate 40 at milepost 359.
In November of 1776 a party of Spanish explorers and Indian guides passed through this area on their way to the Zuni Mission in what is now New Mexico. Franciscan Fathers, Francisco Atanasio Dominquez and Silvestre Velez De Escalante, had embarked . . . Map (db m36577) HM
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21Arizona, Apache County, Navajo — At Navajo Springs
On Interstate 40 at milepost 325, on the right when traveling east.
December 29, 1863 Arizona's Territorial officials took the oath of office during a snowstorm. Governor John N. Goodwin and other officials arriving from the east by wagon train, took their oaths of office and raised the U.S. flag "to establish a . . . Map (db m36334) HM
22Arizona, Apache County, Petrified Forest National Park — A Painted ParkPetrified Forest National Park
On Petrified Forest Road, 1 mile north of U.S. Route 66 (Interstate 40), on the right when traveling north.
As you look out over the Painted Desert, you are only seeing a small portion of it. The Painted Desert extends over 7,500 square miles (19,425 km²) across northeastern Arizona. Because Petrified Forest National Park lies at its heart, the entire . . . Map (db m163185) HM
23Arizona, Apache County, Petrified Forest National Park — Highway of Dreams
On Petrified Forest Road at Old U.S. Route 66, on the right when traveling south on Petrified Forest Road.
Petrified Forest is the only National Park in the country with a portion of Historic Route 66 within its boundaries. You are currently standing where the Mother Road used to be, with the line of telephone poles paralleling its alignment through the . . . Map (db m163277) HM
24Arizona, Apache County, Petrified Forest National Park — Over the EdgePetrified Forest National Park
Near Petrified Forest Road, 2 miles north of U.S. Route 66 (Interstate 40), on the right when traveling north.
Below you lies a black basalt which forms the rim of the plateau on which you stand. This hard basalt, called the Bidahochi Formation, was deposited by local volcanoes between 16 and five million years ago, and forms a protective cap over the soft, . . . Map (db m163270) HM
25Arizona, Apache County, Petrified Forest National Park — Route 66
On Petrified Forest Road, on the left when traveling north. Reported missing.
You are standing near old Route 66. The line of the roadbed and the telephone poles in front of you mark the path of the famous "Main Street of America" as it passed through Petrified Forest National Park. From Chicago to Los Angeles, this heavily . . . Map (db m68904) HM
26Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 25 — Arizona Cooperative Mercantile Institution
On East Main Street at South Papago Street, on the right when traveling east on East Main Street.
Built of adobe in 1901 with a cast iron front shipped from St. Louis, the ACMI was a branch of the Mormon Cooperative Store system for 17 yrs. It later served the community as a saloon, variety store & furniture emporium.Map (db m36652) HM
27Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 22 — Baca Home
On Apache Street at Supai, on the left when traveling east on Apache Street.
Gregorio Baca bought this house from G. Becker in 1907 for his bride, Chona Ortega. It's walls are 16" thick adobe. The wealthy Bacas & Ortegas ran large herds of cattle & sheep on vast tracts of land in Concho, St. Johns & The R.V. area.Map (db m36383) HM
28Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 21 — Baldonado Home
On Apache Street at Silva Lane, on the left when traveling east on Apache Street.
Part of the Spanish migration from northern New Mexico to Round Valley, Faustin Baldonado & his son Pedro bought this adobe home w/1 foot thick walls in the 1890's. Originally a cantina, Pedro added rooms when he married in 1900.Map (db m36382) HM
29Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 27 — Becker's Transcontinental Garage1910
On East Main Street, on the right when traveling west.
The oldest continuously operated Ford dealership west of the Mississippi began in the west building in 1910. A pathfinding auto trip blazed the first "ocean to ocean highway" through here.Map (db m36379) HM
30Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 17 — Bertha Wahl Shooting
On West Airport Road at North Becker Lake Road, on the right when traveling west on West Airport Road.
In 1899, 14 year old Bertha Wahl was murdered here by a shepherd. Just south of here was the original Becker Store. Beyond lie the graves of the Becker family. Due west stood Henry Springer's Mercantile.Map (db m36647) HM
31Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 4 — Brawley Boarding House
On East 4th Avenue at North Eagar Street, on the left when traveling west on East 4th Avenue.
H.T. Brawley, teacher and principal of R.V.H.S. began construction on this house in approximately 1925. The unfinished shell sold to the M.J. Wiltbank Family in 1935. M.J. & son Clive completed the home. Through the years teachers, newlyweds & . . . Map (db m36595) HM
32Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 20 — El Rio Theatre
On West Main Street (U.S. 180/191), on the right when traveling west.
Built c.1915 & originally called the Apache Theatre, this adobe movie house once showed silent flickers with a hand-cranked projector. Renamed the El Rio in 1937, Round Valley's first theatre is still operating with its original popcorn machine.Map (db m36381) HM
33Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 1 — Escudilla Mountain
On U.S. 60 at milepost 392, on the right when traveling east.
Due south rises the 3rd tallest peak in AZ, revered by conservationist, Aldo Leopold Escudilla was home to Ike Clanton of OK Corral fame & Arizona's last grizzly bear. In fall, the north slope is golden with Aspen covering the 23,000 acre fire of . . . Map (db m36592) HM
34Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 19 — James Hale Shooting
On South Mountain Avenue (Business U.S. 180), on the right when traveling south.
On Dec. 25, 1886, James Hale was gunned down here in front of the Brighton Saloon. His accused was never brought to trial. In 1894 this site, then called Hunter's Hall, held the first Presbyterian services in the Round Valley.Map (db m36651) HM
35Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 28 — Madonna of the Trail
On East Main Street, on the left when traveling west.
This 10 foot high, 5 ton statue cast by St. Louis sculptor August Leimbach is one of 12 identical monuments to the bold spirit of the pioneers erected in 1928-29 along the National Old Trails Road from Maryland to California.Map (db m36380) HM
36Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 5 — Old Grist Mill Site1876
On South River Road, 0.3 miles south of West 4th Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
Just west on the river, W.R Milligan built the first grist mill & sawmill in Round Valley, later a brick kiln was added. Subsequent owners included the Udall Bros. & J.P. Rothlisberger who built the barn just ahead.Map (db m158475) HM
37Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 24 — Peter Thompson Home & Blacksmith Shop
On North Papago Street, 0.2 miles north of Apache Street, on the right when traveling north.
These log structures built by Thompson, a Danish convert to Mormonism, are Round Valley's oldest surviving buildings (1879). The cabin hosted the first Mormon services in Springerville.Map (db m36385) HM
38Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 23 — Presbyterian & Catholic Churchs
On Apache Street at Supai, on the right when traveling east on Apache Street.
Begun as missions in the late 1800s, Community Presbyterian Church here, and St. Peter's, a block east, moved into these permanent homes built respectively of brick (1918) & adobe (1928).Map (db m36384) HM
39Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 2 — Slaughter Family Cemetary
On East Maricopa Drive, 0.5 miles west of Gutierrez Street, on the left when traveling west.
First cousin to famed "Texas John Slaughter", Peter Slaughter & his rough trailhands brought the first Texas cattle to the White Mtns. C.1881 & built his P Lazy S Ranch on the Black River. Pete is buried here with 3 sons & extended family.Map (db m36593) HM
40Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 26 — Springerville Schoolhouse1884-1983
On East Main Street, 0.2 miles east of South Mountain Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
This bronze school bell summoned children until 1950. This 2 room adobe with high pitched roof & bell tower was added onto with brick, altering the entry & roof in 1927 & again in 1950. The school served the community 99 years.Map (db m36653) HM
41Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — Springerville World War I Memorial
On East Main Street (U.S. 191) east of South Mountain Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
1914 Honor roll 1918 Died in the service of their country Richard W. Judd born Dec 17, 1895 died April 12, 1918 Sidney Severens born March 24, 1891 died June 7 1918 John H. Slaughter born April 2, 1889 died October 27, 1918 . . . Map (db m195841) WM
42Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 3 — White Mountain Historical Park
On East Mohave Street at South Zuni Street, on the left when traveling west on East Mohave Street.
This park contains buildings restored by the White Mtn. Historical Society. They preserve early settler, Hispanic, & Native American cultures, along with farming, forestry and ranching heritage.Map (db m36594) HM
43Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 18 — White Mountain Hospital
On South Mountain Avenue, on the right when traveling north.
Built during the great depression using native stone & W.P.A. labor, this twenty-bed facility finally opened in 1939 when a doctor agreed to come to Round Valley to finish, lease & run the hospital for 10 years.Map (db m36649) HM
44Arizona, Apache County, St. Johns — Lyman DamOn The Colorado River
On U.S. 191 at Arizona Route 81, on the right when traveling north on U.S. 191.
The original dam at this site was destroyed in the spring floods of April, 1915. With the loss of eight lives and severe damage to farmlands. It was rebuilt with loans from the state of Arizona.Map (db m136234) HM
45Arizona, Apache County, St. Johns — 194 — Pioneer Public Buildings
On North Washington Street (U.S. 180 at milepost 368.7), on the right when traveling west.
The old "Bowery" was the first place of worship used by the members of the Latter Day Saints Church who came to St. Johns in 1879-1880. The Assembly Hall, located on the northwest corner of the public square was erected in 1882. It was built of logs . . . Map (db m36586) HM
46Arizona, Apache County, Teec Nos Pos — Arizona(Four Corners)
Near 4 Corners Road, 0.5 miles west of U.S. 160.
The line separating the territories of New Mexico and Arizona was established as 32 degrees of longitude west of the Washington Meridian by Congressional Act of February 24, 1863, signed by President Abraham Lincoln. The Washington Meridian . . . Map (db m36625) HM
47Arizona, Apache County, Window Rock — About the Navajo Code Talkers
Near BIA Route 100 (Route 100) 0.8 miles east of Route 12 (Arizona Route 264) when traveling north.
About the Navajo Code Talkers During World War II the Japanese possessed the ability to break almost any American military code. Over 400 Navajos, with 29 being the original Navajo Code Talkers, stepped forward and developed the most . . . Map (db m51537) HM
48Arizona, Apache County, Window Rock — In Remembrance of Our Warriors / Navajo Warrior Memorial
Near Parking Lot BIA 100 MP 0 (Route 100 Connector Road) 0.8 miles east of Route 12 N (Arizona Highway 263).
In Remembrance of Our Warriors Who Made the Ultimate Sacrifice and/or Missing in Action, They will never be forgotten and to us they will always be young in our thoughts. Nelson Lewis • Walter Nelson • Willie A. Notah • Edie . . . Map (db m27911) HM
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Mar. 26, 2023