Named for Arthur R. Wilson, who founded Granite Rock Company on February 14, 1900, this quarry has been the heart of Granite Rock's business since the beginning. In more than a century of continuous operation, the quarry has seen destruction from . . . — — Map (db m149110) HM
The Magnificant Condor
The California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus) is an ancient species that once soared from Mexico to Canada. In 1805 Lewis and Clark were the first explorers to record condors for western science. When they . . . — — Map (db m196817) HM
Andrew Molera State Park was once part of a Mexican land grant known as the Rancho El Sur. Though granted in 1834 to Juan Bautista Alvarado, later governor of the province, it was soon acquired by his uncle, J.B.R. Cooper, Cooper was a Monterey sea . . . — — Map (db m144646) HM
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, most settlements in Big Sur had only narrow trails to connect them to Monterey in the north and San Simeon in the south. Bulky items too large to be carried by mules had only one way in or out - by sea. But the . . . — — Map (db m197535) HM
The Esselen, the native people of Big Sur, were one of the smallest tribes in California. Due to their small population and proximity to three Spanish missions they were severely impacted by European contact and domination. For many decades, the . . . — — Map (db m197531) HM
Well into the 20th century, travel by land along California's coast was arduous and time consuming. Steamships and schooners offered a faster and more reliable means of transporting goods and people over long distances. The main landings along the . . . — — Map (db m197532) HM
A luxurious home enjoyed magnificent views from this site.
These walls and terraces are all that remain of a residence built in 1940 for Lathrop and Helen Hooper Brown. The Browns decorated the house with art by Degas, Dufy and Gauguin. . . . — — Map (db m68633) HM
The Draw of Creative Minds
Wild ocean vistas, sculpted rocks, bold mountains, secluded arroyos, verdant creeks, fog-shrouded redwoods, and the rugged solitude of Big Sur have inspired artists for generations. Writers, poets, . . . — — Map (db m197751) HM
Capitol of Monterey County’s Los Burros Mining District.
In the spring of 1887 the Last Chance Mine was discovered by W.D. Cruikshank and later worked by the Krinkle family. Down the hill (from the mine) around this spot, a thriving town of . . . — — Map (db m68653) HM
This rocky point, connected to the mainland by a sand spit, is a geologic formation called a tombolo. Because of its prominence, Point Sur provided an excellent location for a lighthouse and fog signal to warn ships of the hazardous coastline and . . . — — Map (db m200912) HM
In the aftermath of the California Gold Rush, many newcomers decided to put down roots in the West. But would-be farmers and ranchers soon found that rancho grants had claimed much of the best and most accessible agricultural valley and grazing . . . — — Map (db m197536) HM
Spanish explorers and later New England hide and tallow traders found the Big Sur coastline a great hazard. Heavy fogs and extreme winds caused the wreck of many vessels on this coast. The Gold Rush of 1849 dramatically increased coastal shipping. A . . . — — Map (db m68643) HM
In the 1870s and 1880s, locally quarried limestone was kilned (smelted) in four huge wood-fired kilns. The powdered lime was then packed in barrels and cabled from the canyon down to the beach and out to ocean-going schooners . . . — — Map (db m196815) HM
Drawn to this wild, remote coast
Traveling the difficult route along the coast in October of 1869, Michael and Babara Pfeiffer were forced to winter in Big Sur and decided to stay. Their daughter, Julia, was just 11 months old at the time. . . . — — Map (db m68634) HM
In memory of those enlisted men who received their basic training at the Infantry Replacement Training Centre, Camp Roberts, California as members of “B” and “C” Companies of the 80th Infantry Training Battalion from August . . . — — Map (db m64422) WM
Located in the valley of the San Antonio River within the Santa Lucia Range, Misión San Antonio de Padua, established on July 14, 1771, was the third in a series of missions founded in Alta California by Father Junípero Serra. Its picturesque . . . — — Map (db m79130) HM
Located along the south bank of the San Antonio River it was at the junction of Pleyto Road and the road to Bradley. The town of Pleyto now lies under the waters of Lake San Antonio.
As early as 1796, the area was known as Pleito or El Pleito. . . . — — Map (db m64420) HM
Four Early Americans in California
They came to this coast as seamen and remained as settlers
Baptized in this Mission
George Mayo, of Plymouth, Mass., on 3 August, 1816
Thomas W. Doak, of Boston, Mass., on 22 November, 1816 . . . — — Map (db m63684) HM
Serra played a decisive role in the European settlement of the New World. He was born Miquel José Serra in Petra on the Mediterranean island of Mallorca on November 24, 1713. Though not an assuming figure and plagued by ill . . . — — Map (db m143467) HM
"The Forgotten War"
June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953
To honor those brave Americans
who under trying circumstances
fought and gave their lives
to defend their country
and the cause of freedom.
...may God . . . — — Map (db m41105) WM
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista De Anza by decree of Carlos III of Spain. Led an expedition to this site the mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area. De Anza Expedition 1775 - 1776 — — Map (db m83335) HM
On December 10, 1769, the Portola Crespi Expedition from Mexico erected a cross on this hill to signal its long-overdue supply ship San Jose. A message at the cross stated that they were suffering great privation and were returning to San Diego. The . . . — — Map (db m68862) HM
To the memory of
whose blood was shed
that we might live
John Arnn 1965
Carlito L. Dorsey 1966
Rudolph G. Antone 1967
Frank DeAmaral Jr. 1967
Robert C. L. Fergusson 1967
Larry Larson 1967
James . . . — — Map (db m41121) HM
In memory of Carmel servicemen
who gave their lives during WW II
Gordon Bain, RAF, 1942
Carlyle Lewis, US Air Corps, 1942
Billy B. Jenkins, US Navy, 1942
Ted Leidig, USN Air Corps, 1943
Earl P. Parkes, US Air Corps, 1943
Peter . . . — — Map (db m41118) HM
The Early Days: 1860s to 1930s
Castro founded the town in 1863
Juan Bautista Castro, from an important California family, subdivided his rancho to establish a town. He was the first in the county to offer lots to attract . . . — — Map (db m63772) HM
From its founding, Castroville has been home to immigrants. They came from many countries to make better lives for themselves and their children. Then, as now, the immigrants primarily worked in the fields nearby.
Japanese immigrants wanted their . . . — — Map (db m63714) HM
Even though Monterey cypress trees prefer this area's rugged bare granite headlands, the Lone Cypress is a testament to the hardiness of these trees. It has withstood Pacific storms and winds for roughly 250 years. Fences and cables now offer added . . . — — Map (db m8476) HM
On September 26, 1836, Teodoro Gonzalez received a grant to the 15,218.62 acre Rancho Rincon de la Puente de Monte (“nook of the point of the woods”). Teodoro’s sons, Alfredo and Mariano, laid out a town on the Rancho and assured its . . . — — Map (db m64256) HM
The Men and Women
Of this Community
In the Armed Forces
Of the United States
World War II
Erected in Gratitude
The . . . — — Map (db m64258) WM
The legend of “the mustard seed trail” is rooted in the Portola expedition which travelled through the Ohlone tribal lands with a wagon containing sacks of mustard seeds. These seeds were spread behind them as they travelled north in the . . . — — Map (db m64255) HM
(There are two markers mounted on the monument.)
Built in 1873, it is the oldest structure in Gonzales. It became a saloon in 1890 and has never strayed from such an honorable enterprise since that time.
Lower . . . — — Map (db m64257) HM
Back in the 1970s, where the mountains reach the river, Metz field was just that, a field. In 1973, a fella by the name of Wayne Handley built a runway, a hanger, a chemical loading facility and hauled in a mobile home office . . . — — Map (db m166819) HM
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza by decree of Carlos III of Spain led an expedition to this site – The mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area.
In the center of the marker is a circular motif, designed by Doris . . . — — Map (db m61384) HM
First Marriage in California took place at this Mission between Juan Maria Ruiz of El Fuerte, Sonora, Mexico, 25 years of age, and Margarita de Cortona, 22, a Salinan woman of Mission San Antonio, on the sixteenth of May in the year of Our Lord 1773 — — Map (db m51561) HM
This historical property was placed on the National Register of historic places on June 7, 1974. Please do not damage or in any way deface this property.
Violator Will Be Prosecuted
US Government Property — — Map (db m64416) HM
In 1849, Antonio Ramirez built a small adobe on the El Camino Real, near the site of the ancient Indian village, Holamna. As a main artery to California's gold fields, the El Camino Real brought many travelers past Ramirez's place. He transformed . . . — — Map (db m59785) HM
The town of Jolon (pronounced Hōe-Lōne) was established in the 1860s to meet the needs of miners traveling to the Los Burros Mining District on the coast. It later developed into the center of commercial and social activity in southern . . . — — Map (db m59783) HM
La Gloria School was first organized in 1873. The present schoolhouse was built in 1887 and remained in continuous use until 1960. Orginally (sic) located southeast of Gonzales, the schoolhouse was move to San Lorenzo Park in 1980. La Gloria School . . . — — Map (db m64336) HM
Founded by Father Junipero Serra July 14, 1774. Most picturesque setting. First mass was celebrated in presence of one Indian. Later congregation grew to a thousand neophytes. Famous for its fine horses and expert vaqueros. — — Map (db m154381) HM
Salinas Valley Cookwagon, c1888
Originally owned by Paul Talbot, this cookwagon was used on the Henry Dunphy Ranch, now the Salinas Land Co. The Smart brothers purchased the wagon in the 1930’s and used it into the 1940’s. Under the direction . . . — — Map (db m64338) HM
“The mouth of this valley opens into Monterey Bay, like a funnel, and the northwest wind from the Pacific draws up through this heated flue with terrible force. Sometimes the wind would nearly sweep us from our mules – it seemed nothing . . . — — Map (db m64414) HM
On July 8, 1885, Lair Patterson applied for new post office located 7 miles south-east of Jolon and asked that it be named Lockwood Post Office. While records in the National Archives do not show the reason for his selection, it has been assumed by . . . — — Map (db m149113) HM
Soldiers once guarded this shoreline against sea-borne attack, but one force proved too powerful to stop. Coastal erosion, the wearing away of these bluffs and beaches by ocean waves, has been steadily moving the coastline inland here since sea . . . — — Map (db m157374) HM
Soldiers once guarded this shoreline against sea-borne attack, but one force proved too powerful to stop. Coastal erosion, the wearing away of these bluffs and beaches by ocean waves, has been steadily moving the coastline inland here since sea . . . — — Map (db m157375) HM
Four miles of beaches and nearly 1000 acres of coastal dunes became part of the California State Parks system in 2007, after superfund cleanup activities were completed on this section of the former Fort Ord Military Reservation. Army use preserved . . . — — Map (db m68884) HM
The American Legion was chartered by Congress in 1919 as a patriotic veterans organization. Focusing on service to veterans, servicemembers, and communities, the Legion evolved from a group of war-weary veterans of World War I into one of the most . . . — — Map (db m143558) HM
For the two million servicemen and women who passed through Fort Ord, the entertainment center that once occupied this site provided welcome relief from rigorous military training. The Soldier’s Club, later renamed Stilwell Hall, featured a huge . . . — — Map (db m68882) HM
From World War II until Fort Ord’s closure in 1994, there dunes echoed with the sound of small arms fire. Rifle and machine gun ranges here gave thousands of U.S. Army Infantrymen the marksmanship skills needed to serve their nation in times of both . . . — — Map (db m68885) HM
Around you are the remains of a portion of the U.S. Army’s Fort Ord. In fact, you are standing on what’s left of the parking lot for Stilwell Hall, once an elegant Soldier’s Club.
The Army base, closed in 1994, and surrounding land was eventually . . . — — Map (db m68880) HM
This date marks the 400th anniversary of the naming of Monterey Bay by Gen. Sebastián Vizcaíno, commissioned by Don Gaspár Zúñiga y Acevedo, Count of Monte Rey. Near this place, called Acasta and Hummukul by the Ohlone/Constanoan Esselen Nation, Fr. . . . — — Map (db m68622) HM
This steel, salvaged from the rubble of the World Trade Center Towers, honors all those who have lost their lives as a result of all the terrorist attacks on America on September 11, 2001. It points east toward Ground Zero in eternal remembrance. . . . — — Map (db m210137) WM
A chorus of cannery whistles, each with its own unique call, summoned the Cannery Row workforce. Men and women in rubber boots and oilcloth aprons showed up to clean, cut, pack, cook and can sardines that were a major part of Monterey’s economy for . . . — — Map (db m55104) HM
The people of the Second Royal Spanish Presidio supported the American Colonies through their military preparedness and financial contributions following the Royal Spanish Decree of June 21, 1779. Their support directly aided the victory and . . . — — Map (db m63505) HM
In 1904 the Coalinga Oil Transportation Company laid 168 miles of six-inch pipeline from the Belridge Field in San Joaquin Valley to the Tidewater-Associated Marine Terminal on Monterey Bay (top). Its purpose was to deliver heavy fuel oil for use in . . . — — Map (db m55215) HM
Roofing contractor Charles L. Frost (top) supervises his crew hot mopping a Monterey cannery roof. Concentrated along the shoreline, the fish processing plants were subject to storm damage. In addition, changes were required to accommodate new . . . — — Map (db m55079) HM
Monterey's world-famous sardine industry depended on the courage and skill of cannery divers. Sardines were pumped ashore from floating hoppers through underwater pipes that had to be installed, repaired, replaced, realigned and maintained in order . . . — — Map (db m30004) HM
Captain Don Gaspar de Portola
Of the army of King Carlos III of Spain. First governor of California, 1768-1770. With Father Junipero Serra founded Monterey on June 3, 1770.
Donated by H. M. King Juan Carlos of Spain to the City of Monterey . . . — — Map (db m63525) HM
Built for an English blacksmith in 1840, and sold to Don Florencio Serrano, a schoolteacher, in 1846. The Monterey History & Art Association was founded here in 1931.
Lara-Soto Adobe * Up and to the right
Capitular Hall * Towards the Bay
Cell . . . — — Map (db m63312) HM
This hall started in 1847, completed in 1848, was named after its builder
Chaplain Walter Colton, U.S.N., 1787-1851
Congregational Minister, historian, author, and editor, who served as alcalde at Monterey from 28 July 1846 to 1 October . . . — — Map (db m63328) HM
This Chestnut tree, form the lawn of the White House, was originally planted in front of Colton Hall on September 20, 1966 by First Lady, Lady Bird Johnson. It was later replanted in Friendly Plaza. — — Map (db m63327) HM
In this building from September 1 to October 13, 1849 assembled the convention which drafted the constitution under which California was admitted to statehood, September 9, 1850. The forty-eight delegates met on the upper floor which ran the length . . . — — Map (db m196673) HM
Forty-eight men of diverse education and cultural backgrounds from throughout California converged upon Monterey in September in 1849 to frame a constitutional government for California. Working together as Californians, they created this . . . — — Map (db m63348) HM
Behind these adobe walls, you will meet the John Rogers Cooper Family, who witnessed the changes in Monterey from its days as a capitol of Mexican California through statehood in 1850. Captain Cooper was from New England, immigrated to California . . . — — Map (db m63466) HM
On this site stood the first sardine cannery in Monterey, the Crescent Brand Sardine Company. The Cannery was founded by F.E. Booth, who was one of the original pioneers of the Monterey Sardine Industry.
The Monterey Commercial Property Owners . . . — — Map (db m63064) HM
The oldest government building in California. The American flag was raised at this site on July 7, 1846, claiming California as part of the United States.
First Brick House * Left at Wooden Flag Pole
Pacific House Museum * Along the Plaza
Cell . . . — — Map (db m66521) HM
Constructed in 1827 by the Mexican government to collect custom duties from foreign shipping, a principal revenue source when Monterey was the capital of Alta California, Mexico's northernmost province. Thomas O. Larkin, US consul to Alta . . . — — Map (db m82186) HM
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista De Anza by decree of Carlos III of Spain, lead an expedition to this site – the mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area.
In the center of the marker is a circular motif, designed by Doris . . . — — Map (db m63230) HM
The first stop in Monterey for those traveling by train from San Francisco was the Del Monte station located between the bay and Hotel Del Monte. Only those passengers who were guests of the hotel detrained there. The foundation of this depot is . . . — — Map (db m63545) HM
Rosario Duarte introduced salmon trolling to Monterey Bay in 1878. His store was a popular local meeting place. Relocated in 1922 it became a dry goods business operated by Chinese merchant Louis Jang into the 1940’s. — — Map (db m63225) HM
The Row’s first canning operation
In 1902 Otosaburo Noda, a Japanese immigrant farmer, labor contractor and businessman, moved his abalone canning operation at Point Lobos to the rocky shoreline of Monterey. Noda and his partner Harry . . . — — Map (db m55193) HM
This bell was salvaged from the ruins of the 1906 Earthquake in San Francisco and hung at the McMenamin’s Mission Inn.
Robert C. Littlefield acquired it in 1961 and placed it in his garden home.
His widow Patricia donated it to the . . . — — Map (db m63222) HM
You are looking at the backyard of Ed Ricketts’s lab, Pacific Biological Laboratories, where Ricketts lived and worked during the 1930 and 1940s. He collected and preserved tide pool plants and animals and sold them to schools around the world. What . . . — — Map (db m55143) HM
Marine biologist, philosopher, writer, ecologist, and friend to many. Immortalized as “Doc” of John Steimbeck’s Cannery Row, the real man had a profound influence on the thinking of writers, artists, and scientists through his . . . — — Map (db m54904) HM
Site of a Spanish fort constructed in 1792 to protect the port and presidio of Monterey from invaders. This is one of only three such forts constructed by the Spanish in California. — — Map (db m63108) HM
This old Spanish fort began as eleven guns behind a crude parapet of logs overlooking the anchorage of Monterey Bay in 1972. The battery was strengthen and enlarged over the years and served as the principal fort in Monterey for both the Spanish and . . . — — Map (db m63107) HM
Author John Steinbeck won both the Pulitzer and Nobel prizes for literature. Many of his novels were set in the Monterey Bay area and the Salinas Valley. Ed Ricketts was both a friend and mentor, who influenced the writer’s ecological view of human . . . — — Map (db m55160) HM
In 1927 cannery owner and fishing industry innovator Knut Hovden introduced new technologies to increase the catch and expedite the transfer of fish to the production line. By bringing purse seiner fishing boats (named for the type of nets they used . . . — — Map (db m55162) HM