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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Kern County, California

 
Clickable Map of Kern County, California and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Kern County, CA (315) Inyo County, CA (115) Kings County, CA (7) Los Angeles County, CA (1288) San Bernardino County, CA (299) San Luis Obispo County, CA (95) Santa Barbara County, CA (121) Tulare County, CA (81) Ventura County, CA (150)  KernCounty(315) Kern County (315)  InyoCounty(115) Inyo County (115)  KingsCounty(7) Kings County (7)  LosAngelesCounty(1288) Los Angeles County (1288)  SanBernardinoCounty(299) San Bernardino County (299)  SanLuisObispoCounty(95) San Luis Obispo County (95)  SantaBarbaraCounty(121) Santa Barbara County (121)  TulareCounty(81) Tulare County (81)  VenturaCounty(150) Ventura County (150)
Bakersfield is the county seat for Kern County
Adjacent to Kern County, California
      Inyo County (115)  
      Kings County (7)  
      Los Angeles County (1288)  
      San Bernardino County (299)  
      San Luis Obispo County (95)  
      Santa Barbara County (121)  
      Tulare County (81)  
      Ventura County (150)  
 
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1California, Kern County, Arvin — Arvins Veterans
On Campus Drive, on the right when traveling east.
Dedicated with Pride and Appreciation to All Military Personnel from the Arvin and Lamont Area "Operaton Desert Storm" Janice Acree • Jose A. Garza • Javier Almaguer • Steven M. Gutierrez • John Alverez • Ted Johnson • Joe Baltierra • . . . Map (db m59203) HM
2California, Kern County, Arvin — Arvin-Sierra Glider Port1937-1941
Near Highway 223,, 0.7 miles south of Highway 58.
Located on the hills in front of you, on the historic Tejon Ranch, the Arvin-Sierra Glider Port was the site for the West Coast Soaring Championships. Many of America’s famous glider pilots made record flights from here, soaring over the mountains . . . Map (db m156337) HM
3California, Kern County, Arvin — Bakersfield National Cemetery
On Bear Mountain Blvd, on the right when traveling west.
Dedicated to the memory of all the patriotic men and women who answered their country's call to service. George W. Bush, President of the United States. James B. Peake, Secretary, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. William F. . . . Map (db m59200) HM
4California, Kern County, Arvin — 371 — Francisco Garces O.F.M
Padre Garcés, first recorded non-Indian to visit this locality, came in April of 1776, seeking a new route from Mexico to California. His epic journey covered more than two thousand miles of uncharted wilderness, opening trails that later became . . . Map (db m11932) HM
5California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Adobe House
Near Chester Avenue.
Adobe was a common material used to construct buildings from the Spanish mission period of California history through the 1930s. Adobe is a sun-dried brick made from soil or clay. This structure was built to resemble an adobe dwelling . . . Map (db m25062) HM
6California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Alphonse Weill Residence
On 17th Street at H Street, on the left when traveling west on 17th Street.
This is the original site of the residence of pioneer merchant Alphone Weill, wife Henrietta, and three children, Irma, Blanche, and Lawrence. The house, built in 1882-3, and now standing in Pioneer Village, was constructed by Alexis Godey, former . . . Map (db m55120) HM
Paid Advertisement
7California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Arlington House
On Chester Avenue at 19th Street, on the left when traveling north on Chester Avenue.
Former site of two-story Arlington House opened December 26, 1874. Rebuilt to three stories after fire of 1889 and operated until 1915. Redesigned in 1916 to two-story business and store building.Map (db m55122) HM
8California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Assay Office
Near Chester Avenue.
Kern County experienced a mining boom just like other parts of California. Prospectors arriving from near and far found gold, silver and other valuable ore in Kern County’s mountains beginning in the 1850s. An assayer tests the purity . . . Map (db m26080) HM
9California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Bakersfield Californian
On Eye Street, on the right when traveling west.
Home of The Bakersfield Californian Erected by Alfred Harrell 1925Map (db m55744) HM
10California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Bandstand
Near Chester Avenue.
Public parks sprang up as a response to the increasingly polluted urban environments created by the industrial revolution in the 1800s. Urbanization and industrialization began to change American life by the 1840s. Large, open, green . . . Map (db m25447) HM
11California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Bank of Bakersfield
On Chester Avenue at 20th Street, on the right when traveling west on Chester Avenue.
This site patented by Colonel Thomas Baker in 1867. Numerous individuals owned property until erection of Bank of Bakersfield in 1903. Replaced by present Bank of America building in 1930.Map (db m55118) HM
12California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Barnes Log Cabin
Near Chester Avenue.
After being injured while fighting for the Confederacy during the Civil War, Thomas Barnes came to Kern County looking for opportunity. In 1868, a tremendous flood washed trees from the Sierra Nevada Mountains down the Kern River . . . Map (db m25076) HM
13California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Beale Memorial Clock Tower
Near Chester Avenue.
The Beale Memorial Clock Tower was a gift to the City of Bakersfield from Truxtun Beale in memory of his mother, Mary Edwards Beale. Dedicated on April 2, 1904, the clock tower originally stood in the center of the intersection at Chester . . . Map (db m170346) HM
Paid Advertisement
14California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Bena Depot
Near Chester Avenue.
Situated at the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley, Kern County was part of a natural corridor for a railroad running between San Francisco and Los Angeles. The Southern Pacific Railroad began laying track southward from San . . . Map (db m25117) HM
15California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Blacksmith Shop
On Chester Avenue.
Many large farms and ranches throughout Kern County operated a blacksmith shop to make and repair tools. This blacksmith shop was built at the Calloway Ranch around 1890. The Calloway Ranch was located near the Kern County Land . . . Map (db m26972) HM
16California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Brock's Department Store
On 1918 Chester Avenue at 20th Street, on the left when traveling west on 1918 Chester Avenue.
This site was deeded by Col Thomas Baker to Agnes Stine in 1871. Dave Hirshfeld ran the Pioneer Store here in 1899. Succeeded by Otto Belau in the same year. In 1904 the business was sold to Hochheimer and Co. After the 1919 fire the structure was . . . Map (db m55116) HM
17California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Bungalow
On Chester Avenue, on the left when traveling north.
The bungalow style home was popular throughout California and across the country in the early years of the 1900s because of its simplistic design and low cost. People migrating to California often had very limited resources and would . . . Map (db m64023)
18California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Cable Tool Drilling Rig
Near Chesterfield Drive.
Kern County is one of the top oil producing areas in the United States. Four oil fields in Kern County have each produced over one billion barrels of oil. In 1899, the discovery of oil on land near the Kern River started an oil boom. . . . Map (db m25692) HM
19California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Captain Elisha Stephensand the — Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party of 1844 —
On Potomac Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
Elisha Stephens was born in South Carolina in 1804 and moved to Georgia with his family at a young age. However, he was to spend most of the first half of his life in the frontier lands bordering the Missouri River. Like many other Americans of his . . . Map (db m55187) HM
20California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 382 — Colonel Thomas Baker — California Historical Landmark —
On Truxtun Avenue at Chester Avenue, on the right when traveling east on Truxtun Avenue.
Colonel Thomas Baker, Civil Engineer – Lawyer — Farmer – Soldier, 1810 – 1872. In 1863 Colonel Baker came to this location. A friend to all travelers, his settlement became known at “Baker’s Field.” This civic center is his dream come true. . . . Map (db m134436) HM
Paid Advertisement
21California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Cook Wagon
On Chester Avenue.
During the 1880s, this wagon was used by a cook as a portable kitchen to prepare meals for field hands employed by the Kern County Land Company. The wagon is equipped with a pantry for storing vegetables and bread, a sink, a work space . . . Map (db m26973) HM
22California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Court House and Jail
Near Chester Avenue.
From the 1850s to the 1890s, the lure of gold brought people to the mountains and deserts of Kern County. Mining towns such as Claraville, Havilah and Randsburg sprang up almost overnight. Although most of the residents of these . . . Map (db m25994) HM
23California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Crites Building
On 19th Street at Eye Street, on the left when traveling west on 19th Street.
The Crites Building was designed by Bakersfield architect Benjamin McDougall (1865-1937) of McDougall Brothers of San Francisco and constructed as a two-story retail business by Charles J. Lindgren Company of San Francisco in 1900 for John . . . Map (db m120916) HM
24California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Dentist's Office
Near Chester Avenue.
Tooth decay was a common and greatly feared ailment in earlier days. People either had to make do with a painful tooth or find someone to pull it. If a trained dentist could not be found or afforded, a blacksmith or another person who . . . Map (db m25929) HM
25California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 290 — Discovery WellKern River Field — California Historical Landmark —
On Round Mountain Road, 0.8 miles east of China Grade Loop, on the right when traveling east.
Oil was discovered at 70 feet in 1899, when Tom Means persuaded Roe Elwood and Frank Wiseman, aided by Jonathan, Bert, Jed, and Ken Elwood, George Wiseman, and John Marlowe, to dig here for oil. On June 1, 1899, 400 feet to the north, Horace and . . . Map (db m168102) HM
26California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Doctor's Office
Near Chester Avenue.
Until modern medicine, contagious diseases afflicted both young and old and many died at a young age. In 1875, there were fifteen physicians in Kern County, which had a widely scattered population of approximately 2,700 people. These . . . Map (db m25921) HM
27California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Don José Jesús (J. J.) Lopez
Near Potomac Avenue west of South King Street when traveling north.
This gentleman deserves so much more than a simple grave marker saying, “Father – Joseph J. Lopez – 1852 – 1939”. The man’s true name was José Jesús Lopez (or J. J.). Among other things he was in charge of all of . . . Map (db m83347) HM
28California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Drug Store
On Chester Avenue.
Treatment for illness and the maintenance of good health were important for the success of a new community. Early pharmacists compounded prescription medicine with mortars and pestles, made their own pills, and sold popular patent . . . Map (db m25308) HM
29California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Dust Bowl Housing Units
Near Chester Avenue just north of 36th Street, on the left when traveling north.
In the 1930’s, more than half of a million Americans fled the Southwestern part of the United States due to the prolonged drought called the “Dust Bowl.” Traveling in old cars with just basic necessities, the migrants came primarily . . . Map (db m167100) HM
30California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Eternal Flame
On East Potomac Avenue, on the left when traveling east.
We salute All Veterans Who Lie In God's Quiet Garden or Beneath His Murmuring WavesMap (db m55746) HM
31California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Ethel's Old Corral
Near 4310 Old Alfred Harrell Highway, on the right when traveling west.
These days restaurants come and go in the blink of an eye. But every so often a venue dishes up just the right mix of food and ambiance. Ethel's Old Corral is a perfect example of a restaurant getting it right. Great food, entertainment, customer . . . Map (db m89308) HM
32California, Kern County, Bakersfield — F.W. Woolworth Company Store
On 19th St, on the left when traveling west.
F.W. Woolworth's stores have been in various Bakersfield locations since 1911. The most modernly-equipped and air-conditioned F.W. Woolworth's store on the Pacific Coast opened to the public on May 6, 1950. Jackson Brothers of Los Angeles . . . Map (db m109177) HM
33California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Fairhaven Pump House
Near Chester Avenue.
Access to adequate water supplies was crucial to the settlement of Kern County. Water from the Kern River was diverted to irrigate farmlands, but most towns relied on wells for drinking water. The Fairhaven Water Company built this . . . Map (db m25493) HM
34California, Kern County, Bakersfield — First Baptist Church
On Truxton Street near L Street, on the right when traveling west.
The First Baptist Church was completed under the supervision of local architect Charles H. Biggar (1882 - 1946) in 1932. The building, designed in the Northern Italian Romanesque architectural style, is described in the National Register of Historic . . . Map (db m117418) HM
35California, Kern County, Bakersfield — First Presbyterian Church
On 17th Street at H Street, on the left when traveling west on 17th Street.
In 1889, First Presbyterian Church began its ministry in Kern County as Cumberland Presbyterian Church. In 1905 the church merged with Westminster Presbyterian; being renamed First Presbyterian Church of Bakersfield. The church acquired property on . . . Map (db m117142) HM
36California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 277 — Francisco Garces1738 – 1781 — Spanish Franciscan —
On North Chester Avenue at Golden State Highway (California Route 204), in the median on North Chester Avenue.
Padre Garces seeking a new route between Sonora, Mexico and Monterey crossed Rio de San Felipe (Kern River May 7, 1776) at Rancheria San Miguel now Bakersfield. First recorded white man in this locality, he brought Christianity to the Indian and on . . . Map (db m34769) HM
37California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Fraternal Hall
Near Chester Avenue.
To entertain men seeking their fortunes in mining boom towns, social clubs and fraternal organizations held meetings and offered other diversions in Kern County’s mining communities. The exhibits on display in this building contain . . . Map (db m26006) HM
38California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Gazebo
Near Chester Avenue.
A gazebo is a common garden structure often found in warm climates to provide shade. Dairy owner Christian Mattly built this gazebo next to a dormitory for students enrolled in courses at the Kern County High School farm around 1905. . . . Map (db m25369) HM
39California, Kern County, Bakersfield — General Store
Near Chester Avenue.
One of the first retail establishments built in a small town during the early 1900s was a general store selling food, household goods and hardware to people living nearby The town of Woody, named for Sparrel Woody, was established about . . . Map (db m83625) HM
40California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 137 — Gordons FerryCalifornia Historic Landmark
On China Grade Loop, on the right when traveling south.
Gordon’s Ferry was an overhead cable type of ferry operated during the 1850’s by Major Gordon. An adobe station house was located on the south bank of Kern River, just a few yards to the west of this marker. It was also a station on the Butterfield . . . Map (db m25149) HM
41California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Haberfelde Building
On Chester Avenue near 17th Street, on the right when traveling north.
George Haberfelde (1871 - 1962), a civic and business leader in the community, contracted with local architect Charles H. Biggar (1882 - 1946) to construct this five-story office and retail building in the Sullivanesque architectural style. When . . . Map (db m116966) HM
42California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Haggard House
Near Chester Avenue.
The first thing I remember knowing was a lonesome whistle blowing And a youngun's dream of growing up to ride On a freight train leaving town not knowing where I'm bound And no one could change my mind but Mama tried -From Mama Tried, . . . Map (db m136236) HM
43California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Havilah Courier
Near Chester Avenue.
Newspapers brought news of wars, politics, local happenings and other important information to the residents of Kern County. This exhibit displays artifacts reminiscent of Kern County’s first newspaper office, the Weekly Courier. . . . Map (db m26087) HM
44California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Hay Building
On 19th Street at Eye Street, on the right when traveling west on 19th Street.
The Hay Building was initially constructed in the Victorian architectural style in 1894 for the Dinkelspiel brothers, Emile (1852-1906) and Louis (1854-1906). Dinkelspiel Brothers operated as a “Store of Fashionable Merchandise” at . . . Map (db m120917) HM
45California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Hayden Building
On 19th Street, on the right when traveling west.
The Hayden Building is a classic example of Second Renaissance Revival architectural style. It was designed for the Kern County Land Company by San Francisco architect Charles I. Haven (1849-1916) and opened in 1904 as the Hayden Furniture Company. . . . Map (db m117419) HM
46California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 732 — Home of Elisha Stevens
On West Columbus Street at Ilsa Verde Street, on the right when traveling west on West Columbus Street.
Near this spot stood the last home of Elisha Stevens, noted American pathfinder and scout. Born in Georgia April 5, 1804, he learned blacksmithing during his youth. Drifting west he became a trapper on the Upper Missouri for more than two decades. . . . Map (db m50252) HM
47California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Hospital
Near Chester Avenue.
Only the most impoverished people sought treatment at a hospital. The first county hospital in Bakersfield opened its doors to the public in January 1875. The hospital was constructed at 13th and G Streets for $1,400.00. It was a plain . . . Map (db m27061) HM
48California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Hotel Fellows
Near Chester Avenue.
The discovery of oil on the west side of Kern County in the late 1800s brought an influx of people to the area and created oil boom towns such as Fellows, Reward, and Taft. In 1910, L. R. Buchanan built the Hotel Fellows for Martha . . . Map (db m25992) HM
49California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Howell House
Near Chester Avenue.
In 1891, William Howell hired local carpenter John Singleton to construct this Queen Anne style Victorian home on the northeast corner of 17th and H Streets in Bakersfield. William Howell moved with his parents and sisters from . . . Map (db m25034) HM
50California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 14 — Jewett FamilyKern County Pioneers
On Chester Avenue, on the right when traveling south.
This area was originally a portion of the Jewett Brothers’ Ranches. In 1859 Solomon and Philo Jewett walked 2000 miles to present day Kern County. They built the first store in Bakersfield in 1865 and the same year raised the first commercial cotton . . . Map (db m24989) HM
51California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Joss House
Near Chester Avenue.
The Chinese community was an early and significant element of the population of Kern County. Chinese immigrants contributed to the social, economic and industrial growth of Kern County by mining, farming, building railroads, and owning . . . Map (db m25318) HM
52California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern City French Bakery
Near Chester Avenue.
East Bakersfield, originally named Sumner, was founded by the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1874. The name of the town was changed to Kern in 1893 and shortly thereafter was called Kern City. This building, constructed in 1910, was . . . Map (db m25063) HM
53California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern County Begins
Near Chester Avenue just north of 36th Street, on the left when traveling north.
When European explorers first came to what is now Kern County, it was inhabited predominantly by indigenous peoples known as the Chumash, Kawaiisu, Kitanemuk, Serrano, Tubatulabal and Yokuts. The Kern County area was first claimed by the . . . Map (db m167101) HM
54California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern County Chamber of Commerce
Near Chester Avenue.
The Kern County Chamber of Commerce building was completed in 1928, Chester Avenue was part of State Highway 99, the main north-south route through California. Architect Charles H. Biggar designed this Spanish-style building on land . . . Map (db m25008) HM
55California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern County Courthouse
On Truxton Street, on the right when traveling east.
This was the site of the original county courthouse in Bakersfield (1874). In 1913 it was purchased by the city for use as a city hall and was occupied until the earthquakes of 1952. The present city hall was dedicated in 1954.Map (db m116962) HM
56California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern County Fair Exhibit Building
Near Chester Avenue, on the right when traveling south.
Over the years, county fairs have provided a venue for farmers and their families to showcase crops, livestock, arts, and crafts and learn about the latest agricultural techniques. The land presently occupied by the museum was once the . . . Map (db m51873) HM
57California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 2015 — Kern County Hall of Records
On Chester Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
Completed in January of 1909, the Hall of Records is the oldest government building in continous operation in Kern County. The structure was originally designed and constructed by Los Angeles architects Robert Train (1869-1951) and Robert Williams . . . Map (db m115127) HM
58California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern County Hospital
Near 14th Street at G Street.
In 1875 a one story wooden building was erected here facing G Street in a swampy area. Facilities were primitive. Cost of the structure was $1,400.Map (db m83295) HM
59California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern County Korean War Memorial
On Truxtun Avenue near Myrtle Street, on the left when traveling east.
[Center Panel:] Korea The Forgotten War June 25, 1950 – July 27, 1953 33,741 – Americans Killed in Action 2,835 – Non-Hostile Deaths 103,283 – Americans Wounded . . . Map (db m25041) WM
60California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern County Land Company Building
Near 19th Street east of G Street, on the left when traveling east.
In 1894, four years after the formation of the Kern County Land Company, the firm built an office building that demonstrated its "Faith in the Future" of Bakersfield. The structure with outside walls of cream colored pressed brick, trimmed with gray . . . Map (db m52573) HM
61California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern County Veterans"Grove of Honor"
On Alfred Harrell Highway, on the left when traveling west.
. . . Map (db m72640) WM
62California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern County Vietnam War Memorial
On Truxtun Avenue at Chester Avenue, on the right when traveling east on Truxtun Avenue.
To The More Than 14,000 Men and Women From Kern County Who Served In Vietnam… And To Those Who Gave The Ultimate Sacrifice… You Are Not Forgotten Wind Beneath My Wings 1963 Clayton A. Fannin 1965 Larry S. Pierce . . . Map (db m25130) HM
63California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern River Flour Mills
On Truxtun Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
In 1871 Horatio P. Livermore and William Muehe built the Kern River Flour Mills on the Kern Island Canal. Muehe sold his interest to Fordyce Roper in 1874 and Livermore to James B. Haggin in 1879, who also acquired Roper's interest in 1884. The . . . Map (db m53243) HM
64California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 588 — Kern River Slough
On Panama Road, 0.7 miles east of Cottonwood Road, on the right when traveling east.
Just south of this point stood the Butterfield Overland Stage site known as Kern River Slough. Operating through present Kern County during 1858 – 1861. This famous line ran from St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco until the outbreak of the . . . Map (db m24946) HM
65California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kern Valley Bank
Near Chester Avenue.
The Kern Valley Bank, established on February 24, 1874, was the first bank incorporated in Kern County. Established soon after the economic depression known as the Panic of 1873, the Kern Valley Bank managed to weather the nationwide . . . Map (db m25978) HM
66California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Kress Building
On 19th Street, on the right when traveling west.
S.H. Kress & Co. was the trading name of a national chain of "five and dime" retail department stores operating from 1896 to 1981. Opening in 1931, this three-story reinforced steel and masonry building was designed by New York City-based architect . . . Map (db m115124) HM
67California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Lόpez-Hill House
Near Chester Avenue.
José and Mary Lόpez belonged to the first generation of Americans born in California after statehood was granted on September 9, 1850. José Lόpez came to Kern County to raise sheep in 1873. The following year Edward Beale, . . . Map (db m25013) HM
68California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 690 — Last Home of Alexis Godey
Near R Street north of 19th Street. Reported missing.
Near this site stood the home of Alexis Godey, frontiersman and scout, who lived here from 1883 until his death on January 19, 1889. Born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1818, he acted as guide for John C. Frémont's expedition through the Kern area in . . . Map (db m51676) HM
69California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Livermore and Chester Store
On Chester Avenue at 19th Street, on the right when traveling west on Chester Avenue.
Site of Livermore and Chester Store, first business establishment in Bakersfield, an adobe structure built in 1865. Purchased by H. H. Fish in 1886. Destroyed in the fire of 1889. Rebuilt in 1890.Map (db m55119) HM
70California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Metcalf House
Near Chester Avenue.
Thomas Metcalf built this charming Eastlake-style Victorian house on the southwest corner of Dracena and C Streets near downtown Bakersfield in 1885. Thomas Metcalf, born in St. Clairsville, Ohio, enlisted to fight for the Union Army . . . Map (db m25983) HM
71California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Miller and Lux Survey Office
On Chester Avenue.
Large scale farming and ranching was needed to supply the restaurants and grocery stores in fast-growing cities like San Francisco and Los Angeles in the late 1800s. Henry Miller and Charles Lux purchased large areas of land throughout . . . Map (db m25309) HM
72California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Norris School
On Chester Avenue.
One-room school houses dotted the rural Western landscape to serve sparse populations before the automobile made transportation to towns faster and easier. This one-room school was built in 1882 north of the town of Rosedale on land . . . Map (db m25075) HM
73California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Oildale Mural
On Chester Avenue at Beardsley Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Chester Avenue.
This mural depicts Oildale around 1899, from the bridge to the surrounding oil derricks on the hills. Oildale was called "Waits" during the oil boom. To your right is Waits Train Station, on Norris Road. Several business sprang up, . . . Map (db m64663) HM
74California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 1 — Pablo Galtes - Union CemeteryHistorical Marker #1
Near East Potomac Avenue west of South King Street, on the right when traveling east.
Pablo Galtes facilitated the establishment of the Catholic community of Bakersfield in the early 1870's. The first Mass celebrated in Bakersfield was said in the back of Pablo's store located on 19th Street near Chester Avenue. (Eleven family . . . Map (db m210596) HM
75California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 2015 — Padre Hotel
On 1702 18th St, on the right when traveling west.
The Padre Hotel is an eight-story Spanish Colonial Revival architectural style building constructed on the former estate of Judge Benjamin Brundage (1834-1913). The Padre was originally designed by Los Angeles architect John M. Cooper (1883-1950) in . . . Map (db m115125) HM
76California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Photographer’s Studio
Near Chester Avenue.
The invention of photography and mass production of photographic prints brought images of never before seen people, places and events into American homes. By the 1850s, people could obtain a photograph depicting their exact likeness at . . . Map (db m25115) HM
77California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Pinkney House
On Chester Avenue.
During their childhood, William Pinkney and Amanda Boydston took part in a migration of Americans heading west to seek land, gold and other opportunities in the western states shortly after the end of the Civil War. In 1898, William . . . Map (db m25114) HM
78California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 539 — Posey Station of Butterfield Overland Mail Lines
On Bakersfield-Glennville/Granite Road at Round Mountain Road, on the left when traveling south on Bakersfield-Glennville/Granite Road.
Two and one half miles east of this point, on a small flat south of Poso Creek, is the site of one of six stagecoach stations in Kern County belonging to the Butterfield Overland Mail Company. The Butterfield Company operated along a southern route . . . Map (db m168620) HM
79California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Railroad Scale House and Telephone Booth
Near Chester Avenue.
Railroad yards are highly specialized facilities consisting of engine maintenance buildings, fueling areas, track and switching areas and material storage yards. This scale house was used in the Santa Fe Railroad switchyard in . . . Map (db m25636) HM
80California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 278 — Rio de San FelipeCalifornia Historical Landmark
On Kern Canyon Road (State Highway 178), on the left when traveling east.
One mile north of here on May 1, 1776, Francisco Garces of the Franciscan Order, crossed Kern River in his search for a shorter route from Sonora, Mexico to Monterey, California. He was the first known explorer to describe this river, which he . . . Map (db m24984) HM
81California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Saint John's Episcopal Mission
Near Chester Avenue.
People living in small towns built churches to provide services within walking distance from their homes. Saint John’s Episcopal Mission opened to parishioners in Rosedale in 1892. In the early days, a pastor from Saint Paul’s Episcopal . . . Map (db m25457) HM
82California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Santa Fe Caboose #1323
On Chester Avenue.
The caboose was an office, a lookout, and a home away from home for a train crew. In the days before automatic air brakes, the engineer signaled the caboose with his whistle when he wanted to slow down or stop. A brakeman would then . . . Map (db m25598) HM
83California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Sheepherder's Cabin
Near Chester Avenue.
Spanish missionaries brought the first domesticated sheep to California. During the Gold Rush, sheep provided food and textiles to people seeking their fortune in California. In 1906, Thomas Quinn built this cabin to provide housing . . . Map (db m25081) HM
84California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Site of Baker's Field
On Truxtun Avenue east of N. Street, on the left when traveling west.
In 1863 Col. Thomas Baker settled on the site of the present City of Bakersfield and fenced a ten-acre plot of alfalfa. This became known as Baker's Field where travelers through the area camped with their stock for protection from marauding outlaw . . . Map (db m120922) HM
85California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Sonora Service Station
Near Chester Avenue.
The popularity of the automobile created an increasing demand for petroleum products, like gasoline, in the early 1900s. Americans were suddenly able to travel to new destinations faster and easier than ever before, thus requiring new . . . Map (db m25187) HM
86California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Southern Hotel
On Chester Ave, on the left when traveling north.
This site occupied by the French Hotel during the 1870's, later by the Southern Hotel from 1888 to 1947.Map (db m117146) HM
87California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Southern Pacific Engine #2914
Near Chester Avenue.
This locomotive, among the largest and most powerful on the Southern Pacific Railroad system, supported the growth and development of the San Joaquin Valley and the West. Engine #2914, called a 4-8-0 because of its wheel . . . Map (db m25600) HM
88California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Southern Pacific Railroad Jail
Near Chester Avenue.
Approximately 3,000 men labored on railroad construction up and over the Tehachapi Mountains in the 1870s. It took over three years for the line to be completed through Kern County. As the railroad slowly progressed through the county, . . . Map (db m25606) HM
89California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Standard End Pumping Unit
Near Chester Avenue.
This standard end pumping unit was salvaged and erected by the Production Department, Chevron U.S.A., Inc., La Habra to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Standard Oil Company of California The unit is composed of original parts from the San . . . Map (db m26118) HM
90California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Standard Oil Company Building
On 19th Street at G Street, on the right when traveling north on 19th Street.
Constructed in 1917 by Henry Jastro, this building is listed on both The National Register of Historic Buildings and the The Register of Historic Places by the Bakersfield City Council. It originally housed the executive offices of Standard Oil . . . Map (db m55124) HM
91California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Standard School
Near Chester Avenue, on the right when traveling south.
The discovery of oil near the Kern River in 1899 brought people to the area, creating a boomtown such as Oil Center, Oil City and Oildale. The Standard School District was formed in 1909. Standard Oil Company donated five acres of land . . . Map (db m51874) HM
92California, Kern County, Bakersfield — The Barn
On Chester Avenue.
This barn, used to feed and harness teams of horses, was originally located at 1606 “R” Street in Bakersfield. Four horses could be fed and harnessed inside this barn. Chopped hay, stored in the barn’s loft, was lowered . . . Map (db m25642) HM
93California, Kern County, Bakersfield — 2015 — The Fox Theater
On 20th Street at H Street, on the right when traveling west on 20th Street.
The Fox Theater was designed by Los Angeles-based motion picture theater architect S. Charles Lee (1899-1990), built by Beller Construction, and supervised by local architect Charles H. Biggar (1882-1946). The three-story Spanish Colonial Revival . . . Map (db m115126) HM
94California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Undertaker's Office
Near Chester Avenue.
Life in the mid 1800s was difficult. The average age of death in the United States of America was around 40 years old. Disease, accidents and hard work took its toll on people lives. This exhibit displays artifacts, dating from the . . . Map (db m26141) HM
95California, Kern County, Bakersfield — United States Post Office
On 18th St., on the right when traveling west.
In 1924, Bakersfield was the twenty-first city in California to receive a Federal Post Office Building. Built at a cost of $130,000, the Mission architecture style building, constructed of masonry and concrete and reinforced with steel, was the . . . Map (db m122018) HM
96California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Vest Drug Store and Market
On Chester Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
A three-alarm fire swept through the Fish Building in 1936, destroying a business that had stood at this site since 1890. The current structure, built in 1938 by local contractor Henry Eissler (1879-1966), was designed by local architect Charles H. . . . Map (db m109178) HM
97California, Kern County, Bakersfield — We Shall Never Forget
On Buena Vista Drive, on the right when traveling south.
This memorial site is erected and dedicated by the members of the Bakersfield Fire Department and our many supporting community partners, on this eleventh day of September, in the year two-thousand and sixteen A.D., on behalf of the citizens of . . . Map (db m139587) WM
98California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Weill House
On Chester Avenue.
Built on the southeast corner of 17th and H Streets in Bakersfield in 1882, Alphonse and Henrietta Weill’s house was considered “modern” for its day because of the high ceilings, long hallway, and indoor plumbing. In 1870, . . . Map (db m25395) HM
99California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Weill's Department Store"Pioneers of the Past - Builders of the Furture"
On 19th Street, on the right when traveling north.
Alphonse Weill came from France to Havilah in 1870 and moved to Bakersfield in 1872, was employed by merchant Jacob Weil (No Relation), and became his partner in 1873. Subsequently Weill acquired the business and named it Weill's Department Store. A . . . Map (db m55123) HM
100California, Kern County, Bakersfield — Weller House
Near Chester Avenue.
In the decades after the end of the Civil War, an unstable economy created economic and social turmoil in the United States. People looking for opportunity migrated to the West. The Kern County Land Company founded the Rosedale Colony . . . Map (db m25678) HM

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Jan. 30, 2023