In the Tampa Bay area’s subtropical climate, butterflies can thrive among many varieties of plants. In fact, most live their entire lives around plants like the ones in this garden, which was created as a butterfly habitat.
The plants attract . . . — — Map (db m106502) HM
As manatees move about in the warm water, you may see various parts of their anatomy. These include:
If you hear a rushing noise like that of a snorkeler who’s blowing water out of his tube, be sure to scan the water’s surface for . . . — — Map (db m106503)
Manatees can communicate with each other by making squeaks, chips and squeals.
Most manatee communications occur between a mother and her calf. Perhaps you will hear a mother manatee calling her calf if they become visually separated. . . . — — Map (db m106504) HM
Great Blue Heron
This is the largest member of the heron family. Its long legs allow it to wade in deeper water than the other herons. The great blue’s powerful neck whips its sharp beak at its prey with great speed. Its favorite meal is . . . — — Map (db m106507) HM
Manatee photo-identification is a research technique that uses the unique pattern of scars and mutilations on a manatee’s trunk and tail fluke to identify an individual animal over time.
In Florida, the scars are primarily a result of . . . — — Map (db m106500) HM
Clean brackish water, created by the mixing of clean fresh water and salt water, is important to the health of the estuary.
Stormwater runoff however, can create problems.
What is Stormwater Runoff?
It is excess rain that flows over . . . — — Map (db m106499)
The monarch butterfly is native to North, Central, and northern South America. It has been accidentally introduced to numerous islands in the Pacific and Atlantic.
In the spring and summer, the monarch butterfly’s . . . — — Map (db m106501) HM
Mangroves are the basis of the estuary’s food chain and are important nurseries for fish, crustaceans and shellfish. Seventy-five percent of the game fish and ninety percent of the commercial species in south Florida are dependent on mangrove . . . — — Map (db m106506) HM
The community that became known as Bealsville was settled in late 1865 by former slaves from nearby plantations in Hopewell, Springhead and surrounding areas. The original settlers were Steven Allen, Issac Berry, Peter Dexter, Neptune Henry, Mills . . . — — Map (db m101009) HM
The earliest marked grave, dated 1857, was that of Susan Carson, mother of Martha Carson Brandon. Traveling by wagon train, John Brandon, his wife Martha (cousin of Kit Carson) and six sons left Mississippi and arrived at Fort Brooke (Tampa) in . . . — — Map (db m57356) HM
In 1876 James H. Brandon, son of town
founder John Brandon and wife Martha,
built this large two-story frame home for
his wife Johanna and their seven
children. They loved entertaining guests
in their Folk Victorian southern mansion.
. . . — — Map (db m27201) HM
"Freemasons" have helped build and lead America for over 200 years. The members of the Brandon Masonic Lodge, chartered Jan. 22, 1890, have done the same for their respective communities during the past 100 years. Originally named Hacienda Lodge No. . . . — — Map (db m100984) HM
During WWI, the original sandstone brick "Twin Towers" were built on land once belonging to the Brandon family. This school consolidated the area's one-room schoolhouses to better educate the young. The first principal, John T. Bushong, expanded . . . — — Map (db m100982) HM
Lakewood Drive, part of old Seminole Indian trails, led to Fort Brooke and "Pease Creek". In 1876 Judge Joseph Gillette Knapp of Wis. settled and named Limona after citrus trees left by the Spanish. In 1877 the Elgin Watch Co. formed Limona Park . . . — — Map (db m57213) HM
In July 1958, Lebanon was threatened by a civil war between Maronite Christians and Muslims. Tensions with Egypt had escalated earlier in 1956 when pro-western President Camille Chamoun, a Christian, did not break diplomatic relations with the . . . — — Map (db m194699) HM WM
The Boxer Rebellion, Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement, was an anti-foreign, pro-nationalist movement by the Righteous Harmony Society in China between 1898 and 1901, opposing foreign imperialism and Christianity. The uprising took place . . . — — Map (db m194027) HM WM
A remnant of U.S. forces separated from South Vietnam in April 1975 in what President Gerald Ford termed a “humiliating withdrawal." U.S military involvement in southeast Asia had officially said it wasn’t over yet. In what many consider to be . . . — — Map (db m194326) HM WM
The Philippine-American War, also known as the Philippine War of Independence or the Philippine Insurrection (1899 -1902), was an armed conflict between the United States and Filipino revolutionaries. The conflict arose from the struggle of the . . . — — Map (db m194588) HM WM
The United States occupation of the Dominican Republic occurred from 1916 to 1924. It was one of the many interventions in Latin America undertaken by American military forces. On May 13 1916,  Rear Admiral William B. Caperton forced the . . . — — Map (db m194517) HM WM
The second United States occupation of the Dominican Republic began when the United States Marines Corps entered Santo Domingo on April 28, 1965 in the Dominican Civil War. They were later joined, beginning the following day by most of the United . . . — — Map (db m194506) WM
Unified Task Force (UNITAF) was an American-led, United Nations-sanctioned multinational force which operated in Somalia between 5 December 1992 - 4 May 1993. A United States initiative (code-named Operation Restore Hope), UNITAF was, charged . . . — — Map (db m194693) HM WM
Type: Light Tank
Origin: United States
Designer: U.S. Army Ordinance Department
Manufacture: American Car and Foundry Company Cadillac Division of General Motors Massie-Harris
No. . . . — — Map (db m193210) HM
The USS Cole bombing was a terrorist attack against the United States Navy guided-missile destroyer USS Cole (DDG-67) on 12 October 2000, while it was being refueled in Yemen’s Aden harbor. Seventeen American sailors were killed and 39 injured in . . . — — Map (db m194008) HM WM
In 1848, James Alderman settled near this site, a densely forested area, and cut down the steep banks of the Alafia River to make it easier for horses and wagons to ford it. The area became known as Alderman's Ford.
As the land to the south of . . . — — Map (db m111055) HM
The Bing Rooming House was built in 1928, during the period of Plant City's railroad expansion. This two-story, thirteen-room house is a good example of Frame Vernacular construction, typical of that period, and is decorated with intricate mill work . . . — — Map (db m131761) HM
(Front face)1863 - 1865 Erected by Plant City Chapter #1931 United Daughters of the Confederacy November 17, 2007
By 1863 the Confederate Army was suffering severe food shortages. Capt. John T. Lesley was commissioned to recruit from . . . — — Map (db m46292) HM
In 1866, freed slaves from East Hillsborough County founded the community of Bealsville - named for Alfred Beal, a member of one of the original families. Since the beginning of the community, education was important to its residents. Instruction . . . — — Map (db m57221) HM
Plant City's first church building was erected here by the Methodist congregation established at Ichepucksassa in 1850 by Rev. Samuel Knight. The congregation relocated from Shiloh to the new Town of Plant City where a church was erected under the . . . — — Map (db m111090) HM
Area one square mile with the center three blocks west of this point. The town plat covered land originally owned by pioneer John G. Thomas; 55 acres platted for Judge Henry L. Mitchell and 65 acres platted for Simon Peter Thomas, son of the . . . — — Map (db m51324) HM
Turkey Creek School was established in 1873 in a one room log cabin at Beaty's Corner. By 1903, two small schools (Bledsoe and Pleasant Grove) were consolidated into the Turkey Creek School on property located along Edwards Road.
It was one . . . — — Map (db m150550) HM
It’s June 20, 1539…
Juan Ortiz, a lost Spaniard from an earlier expedition with Pánfilo de Narváez, is found by De Soto’s men not far from here. He tells his story –
Ten years ago I was captured by Chief Ucita. I later escaped to the . . . — — Map (db m126571) HM
It’s May 30, 1539…
Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto has arrived here in La Florida, Land of Flowers, and stepped ashore –
My men can now offload our nine ships. We have sailed with 500 tons of materials needed for our . . . — — Map (db m126569) HM
In the ponds in front of you one of the richest Ice-Age fossil discoveries in the world took place in 1983-84. When amateur paleontologists reported a large accumulation of fossils to the Florida Museum of Natural History, the Leisey Shell Pit and . . . — — Map (db m120625) HM
Ruskin College opened in 1910 as a coeducational industrial and liberal arts college. It was located on part of a large tract of land purchased by Dr. George McA. Miller beginning in 1907 for the purpose of establishing a cooperative college and a . . . — — Map (db m44841) HM
De Soto Trail
You are standing along the historic route of the conquistador Hernando de Soto and his expedition through the Florida Native American territories in his quest for gold and glory. . . . — — Map (db m126570) HM
Francis J. Bellamay, called "the most neglected patriot in American history", wrote the immortal words of the Pledge of Allegiance to the American flag, while an editor on the magazine, Youth Companion, in 1892. He lived in Tampa and worked as . . . — — Map (db m154311) HM
Mrs. Chester W. Chapin, controlling owner of the company which operated the city's first electric trolley cars, purchased these acres and in 1894 developed this site into a tropical parkas terminal for her line.
She named it for the French . . . — — Map (db m154310) HM
On this site was published the historic newspaper “Cuba,” dedicated to the cause of Cuban Independence. “Cuba” was the successor of “El Crítico De Ybor City.” Its editor was Ramon Rivero y Rivero, a great . . . — — Map (db m31940) HM
Site of Tampa's First Church Building and first
frame ecclesiastical House of Worship erected
in the area of all South Florida. Built by the
Methodist congregation under the
superintendency of Rev. L. G. Lesley.
General T.J. "Stonewall" . . . — — Map (db m27199) HM
Commemorating the 400th anniversary of the landing of Panfilo de Narvaez, intreped [sic] Spanish Explorer and his four hundred brave companions The first white men to set foot upon the shores of Tampa Bay April 15, 1528. Erected April . . . — — Map (db m33796) HM
On Sept. 14, 1896, Sisters of the Holy Names established The Academy of The Holy Names by order of Bishop John Moore. Sisters Mary Emiline and Mary Hubert were the first teachers in this brick school. On Nov. 29, 1896, Fr. William Tyrrell, . . . — — Map (db m47916) HM
Alfred Reuben Swann was born and raised in Tennessee. After wintering in Tampa, he foresaw a bright future for the community. In 1905, he began living in Tampa much of the year and became a major figure in the city's residential and commercial . . . — — Map (db m69882) HM
Treasurer of the ill-fated Panfilo de Narvez expedition, was first to write of the discovery of Tampa Bay, April 17, 1528, calling it "Bahia de la Cruz, the best harbor in the world."
After the disastrous trek through Florida the remaining . . . — — Map (db m37665) HM
National Liberation Front (FMLN) a coalition of five left-wing guerrilla groups. However this conflict evolved into a proxy war between the United States and the Communist elements of Nicaragua and Cuba. The United States was able to prevail by . . . — — Map (db m194165) HM WM
In memory of
Angus R. Goss
Native Tampan, killed in action during World War II
New Georgia Islands on July 20, 1943 while serving in
the 1st Marine Raider Division
Received the Navy Cross and was cited for the
Congressional . . . — — Map (db m43836) HM
Civic leader and historian, Tony Pizzo, was born in the family home at this location on September 22, 1912. Tony's pride in his community inspired him to research and document history that would have been lost without his efforts. His enthusiasm . . . — — Map (db m33055) HM
Born in Santiago de Cuba 14 June 1845. Rose from Private to Major General during the Ten-years War of Independence 1868-78. During the final War of Independence, he led the 1896 invasion of Cuba from Oriente across 750 miles of continual combat. . . . — — Map (db m32198) HM
U1-A Otter ★ CV-2B Caribou ★ P2-V Neptune
Wings of Friendship
From Vung Tau, to Verdun; the jungles of South and Central America; the wilds of Alaska; the sands of Morocco and Iran; the icy . . . — — Map (db m194703) WM
In a small isolated cottage located in this
vicinity, an attempt to poison Jose Marti,
the leader of the Cuban Insurrection of
1895, was made by two Spanish agents.
Marti's intuition saved his life. The traitors
repented and Marti forgave . . . — — Map (db m14545) HM
At Tampa's Plant Field on April 4, 1919, "Babe" Ruth, playing for the Boston Red Sox against the N.Y. Giants, smacked a
587- foot home run that set a record in a pre-season game. 4,300 screaming fans saw the feat. Famed Evangelist Billy . . . — — Map (db m46601) HM
The Bataan Battle ended with the capitulation of 80,000 sick injured and starving men. The largest surrender in U.S, military history. They were forced marched by Japan’s . . . — — Map (db m193932) HM WM
The Battle of Remagen during the Allied invasion of Germany resulted in the unexpected capture of the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine and possibly shortened World War II in Europe. After capturing the Siegfried Line, the 9th Armored Division of . . . — — Map (db m193924) HM WM
Site of Only Land Engagement at Tampa between Confederate & Union Forces, Oct. 17, 1863 A Federal detachment of 124 men from U. S. gunboat Tahoma & Steamer Adela after firing 2 blockade-runners moored upriver fell back under Confederate assault . . . — — Map (db m44740) HM
In 1896, this land was gifted to the City of West Tampa as a public park by George N. Benjamin, a prominent entrepreneur & early West Tampa leader. The park was built & 2 year later it was used by Theodore Roosevelt & the . . . — — Map (db m136019) HM
From the sidewalk in this Franklin St. neighborhood, the Rev. Dr. Billy Graham forty years ago launched his worldwide Christian evangelistic crusade, exhorting derelicts, drunks and "Skid Row" bums. Since then he has preached to more people than any . . . — — Map (db m103245) HM
WHEREAS, the Public Works Administration of Bruce B. Downs began a new era of commitment and progress in the public works programs of Hillsborough County; and, WHEREAS, during his tenure as Deputy County Administrator for every area of his . . . — — Map (db m35856) HM
In 1883, as a young widow with 6 children, she moved to the Catholic colony of San Antonio, FL in Pasco County only to discover that there was no school. Telling the colony's founder "The minds of the children now here won't wait" she began teaching . . . — — Map (db m37795) HM
The Cambodian Campaign (also known, as the Cambodian Incursion) was a series of miliary operations conducted in eastern Cambodia during mid-1970 by the United States (U.S.) and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) during the Vietnam War. These . . . — — Map (db m194630) HM WM
On this site, after the devasting hurricane of 1848, McKay, a native of Scotland, built his first permanent home of finished lumber from Mobile, Ala. Here, with his wife Matilda,they raised their children. McKay was a dominant factor in the . . . — — Map (db m27265) HM
This marker honors Capt. Nathaniel Wyche Hunter, a U.S. Army Officer who was stationed at Fort Brook during the 1830's and believed to be Tampa's first environmentalist.
Hunter recognized the natural beauty of the land around him and admonished . . . — — Map (db m101643) HM
Captain Joseph Fry was born in Tampa (Fort Brooke) June 14, 1826. As a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, he served with the Navy throughout the world. When the Civil War broke out, Fry fought with courage and capacity for the South in the . . . — — Map (db m129943) HM
In 1928, this area, home to a few homesteaders, fishermen and farmers, witnessed the construction of the first modern homes for African Americans at 4125 West Arch and 4104 West Laurel Streets. It was not until the transition of Black soldiers . . . — — Map (db m135953) HM
From the late 19th century until the mid 1970s, Central Avenue was the principal business and entertainment district of Tampa's African American community. In 1974, Urban Redevelopment razed all but a few of the buildings and converted the area . . . — — Map (db m94179) HM
Chartered on September 7, 1891, El Centro Español was the first Latin club organized in Ybor City. As a mutual aid society, it provided early Spanish immigrants with a framework by which they maintained their identity and culture while . . . — — Map (db m31711) HM
"Knight's Point" is dedicated in memory of Charley Knight, a native Tampan, well-known property appraiser and prominent collector of Native-American artifacts. Knight always had a keen interest in and fond feelings for the 177-acre tract of . . . — — Map (db m36131) HM
This building, constructed in 1895, was among the first brick structures in Ybor City. It originally housed the Cherokee Club (known briefly as the Osceola Club), one of the earliest social clubs in Tampa. Cherokee Club members included Edward . . . — — Map (db m176195) HM
Clarissa 'Clara' Harlowe Barton traveled through Tampa, in 1898, on her way to and from Cuba during the Spanish American War. Barton often stayed at the home of J. Mack Towne, which was located just north of this marker at 350 Plant Avenue. There . . . — — Map (db m156548) HM
When the 20th century began, medical care facilities for Tampa's black citizens were still non-existent. Clara Frye began caring for the sick and injured blacks in her three-room home in 1908. The financial struggles she faced on trying to provide . . . — — Map (db m151031) HM
Col. Peter O. Knight built this cottage at 245 Hyde Park Ave. in 1890, having moved here the year before from Fort Myers. He had married the former Miss Lillie Frierson in 1886. The house now is headquarters of the Tampa Historical Society. Knight . . . — — Map (db m151024) HM
The Columbia is the oldest and largest Spanish restaurant in the United States. It was opened as a cafe for cigarmakers by Casimiro Hernandez, Sr. When he died in 1930 his son Casimiro Hernandez, Jr. then brought it to its present glory.
The . . . — — Map (db m31702) HM
Congregation Rodeph Sholom, Tampa's oldest Conservative congregation, was founded in 1903, at the home of J. L. Mairson, with 20 families. The goal was to serve the Jewish community by providing a religious, educational and social gathering place in . . . — — Map (db m69949) HM
History records that the first Jewish services in Tampa were conducted in 1894 by Mr. M. Henry Cohen, Sr., in the old Masonic Temple at the corner of Franklin and Washington Streets. On October 14, 1894, 31 men and women met at Mr. Cohen's home to . . . — — Map (db m70180) HM
At midnight, July 18, 1881, two sisters, Marie Augustin, Marie Maurice of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary, arrived in Tampa from Key West to establish a Catholic school.
“They came empty handed,” the first money was raised from the . . . — — Map (db m38628) HM
For 104 years this block was the official site of executive and judicial government for Hillsborough County, Florida. The first courthouse, a log building burned by Seminole Indians in 1836, possibly stood here. Subsequent ones were built on this . . . — — Map (db m15730) HM
The Florida 1st Special Cavalry Battalion was formed in 1863. Local cattleman, John I. Lesley, was commissioned by the Confederate government to organize a local company for his unit. There were nine such companies in Florida, now commonly referred . . . — — Map (db m197413) HM WM
On this corner was located El Liceo Cubano, a tobacco stripping house converted into a Cuban social center in 1886. This is the cradle of Cuban independence. Here, on Nov. 26-27, 1891, Jose Marti delivered the two speeches, "Con Todos y Para Todos" . . . — — Map (db m15157) HM
In 2003, this historic Ybor City boarding house was relocated from 1822 E. 14th Avenue and rehabilitated as part of a project by the Federal Highway Administration and the Florida Department of Transportation incooperation with the City of Tampa. — — Map (db m44029) HM
The City of Tampa acquired the Cyrus T. Greene property in 1931, which was named in honor of the executive secretary of the Tampa Urban League. By the 1940s, the baseball field created at Cyrus Greene was known as the 22nd Street . . . — — Map (db m151029) HM
Dobyville, named for long-time resident Richard Cornelius Doby, was also known as West Hyde Park. By the 1920's, Dobyville was one of Tampa's primary African-American neighborhoods. The approximate historic boundaries went from Gray Street on the . . . — — Map (db m34258) HM
Douglas MacArthur was an American five-star General and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. He received the . . . — — Map (db m193441) WM
The City of Tampa established a municipal airport at Drew Field in 1928 on a 160-acre tract leased from farmer, real estate developer and aviation enthusiast John Higley Drew. The City purchased Drew Field in 1934 and added new . . . — — Map (db m150551) HM
Violence was commonplace during the early years of Ybor City. Even duels were sometimes fought over honor, women, and at least once over an argument regarding which novel was appropriate to be read by the lector of a cigar factory. These duels, . . . — — Map (db m176191) HM
Spanish immigrants from the province of Asturias formed El Centro Asturiano de Tampa in 1902 as a mutual aid society to meet the recreational, social, educational, and medical needs of its members. In an effort to broaden the concept of . . . — — Map (db m32185) HM
Cuban exiles in the 1890's met to plot for independence at a restaurant operated on this site by the patriot Antonio Menendez, a Chinese from Cuba.
Many revolutionaries on their way to join the Mambi Army in Cuba, were given warm welcome and free . . . — — Map (db m15295) HM
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