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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Nassau County, Florida

 
Clickable Map of Nassau County, Florida and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Nassau County, FL (54) Baker County, FL (17) Duval County, FL (234) Camden County, GA (46) Charlton County, GA (11)  NassauCounty(54) Nassau County (54)  BakerCounty(17) Baker County (17)  DuvalCounty(234) Duval County (234)  CamdenCountyGeorgia(46) Camden County (46)  CharltonCounty(11) Charlton County (11)
Adjacent to Nassau County, Florida
    Baker County (17)
    Duval County (234)
    Camden County, Georgia (46)
    Charlton County, Georgia (11)
 
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1Florida (Nassau County), American Beach — F-660 — A Dune System Called "NaNa"
On Ocean Blvd, on the right when traveling south.
NaNa, the tallest dune in Florida, is a protected landmark due largely to the efforts of MaVynne Betsch (January 14, 1935-September 5, 2005), widely known as the "Beach Lady." Betsch, who once performed opera in London, Paris and Germany, returned . . . Map (db m59606) HM
2Florida (Nassau County), American Beach — American Beach at the Crossroads
On Ocean Blvd near Lewis Street, on the right when traveling south.
During the period of racial segregation, African Americans were barred from most of the beaches in Florida. American Beach was founded in 1935 to provide African Americans with beach access in a resort atmosphere. Nana, as the sand dune . . . Map (db m58907) HM
3Florida (Nassau County), American Beach — F- 737 — Franklintown Chapel
On Lewis Street near 1st Coastal Highway (State Road A1A), on the right when traveling west.
The Franklintown community was first populated by ex-slaves from the Samuel Harrison plantation. Franklintown Chapel's congregation was organized in 1880 by Trinity M.E. Church, located in the City of Fernandina at the north end of Amelia Island. . . . Map (db m58542) HM
4Florida (Nassau County), American Beach — F417 — Historic American Beach
On Lewis Street at Waldron Street, on the right when traveling east on Lewis Street.
American Beach was established in 1935 under the leadership of Abraham Lincoln Lewis, one of seven co-founders of the Afro-American Life Insurance Company, and one of Florida’s first black millionaires. His vision was to create a beach resort as a . . . Map (db m58868) HM
5Florida (Nassau County), American Beach — F-626 — Martha's Hideaway
On Ervin Street, on the right when traveling north.
American Beach, founded in 1935, was a renowned beach for Blacks during the segregation era when African Americans could not go to public beaches. In the early development of American Beach, a few private homes were built, including one hidden deep . . . Map (db m60434) HM
6Florida (Nassau County), Callahan — Historic Florida Railroad
Near Dixie Avenue, 0.1 miles south of South Kings Road (U.S. 1/23), on the right when traveling south.
The Florida Railroad was the state's first cross-peninsular railroad. David L. Yulee, a Florida resident and United States Senator, incorporated the Florida Railroad Company in 1853. Construction of the line began at Fernandina Beach in 1856 and was . . . Map (db m92991) HM
7Florida (Nassau County), Callahan — F-1073 — Pine Forest Community High School
On Old Dixie Highway (County Route 115) at Whitfield Road, on the right when traveling east on Old Dixie Highway.
In the early 1900s, Nassau County had several schools serving its African American communities in Bryceville, Callahan, Hilliard, Kent, Evergreen, Kings Ferry, Musselwhite, Nassauville, Yulee, and Fernandina. Peck High School, established in 1927, . . . Map (db m163007) HM
8Florida (Nassau County), Callahan — Skirmish of American Revolution
On Kings Road (U.S. 1) just north of North Brandies Avenue, on the right when traveling north.
June 30th, 1778, a force of 300 American Cavalry commanded by Colonel Elijah Clarke, participating in General Robert Howe's invasion of Florida, attacked a column of British at this place (Alligator Creek Bridge), but were unable to penetrate the . . . Map (db m172581) HM
9Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — 6-Pound CannonFernandina Plaza Historic State Park
On Estrada Street at White Street, on the right when traveling south on Estrada Street.
In 1811, the town of Fernandina was platted according to the Spanish Law of the Indies, which prescribed how the site for a Spanish settlement should be selected, and how the town should be laid out in classical grid form. This law also stated . . . Map (db m144882) HM
10Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Amelia Island Lighthouse
Near Lighthouse Circle north of O'Hagan Lane.
Standing at the highest point on the island, the Amelia Island Lighthouse was built from bricks re-used from the Cumberland Island Lighthouse in 1839 on land purchased from Mary Fernandez. The 67 foot tall lighthouse has walls four feet thick at the . . . Map (db m33367) HM
11Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — David L. Yulee
On Alachua Street east of North 3rd Street, on the right when traveling west.
1810 · 1886 David L. Yulee Lived Near This Location — • — He was U.S. Senator, Statesman, Developer, Florida's first Railroad Builder.Map (db m33429) HM
12Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Egmont PlantationA Casualty of the Revolutionary War
On Atlantic Avenue (State Road A1A) at North Wolff Street, on the right when traveling west on Atlantic Avenue.
This site was part of an indigo plantation belonging to the estate of John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont. After Lord Perceval’s death in 1770, his executors sent Stephen Egan to manage the East Florida estate. Under Egan’s supervision, Egmont became . . . Map (db m106652) HM
13Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-956 — Ervin’s Rest
On Gregg Street at Julia Street, on the right when traveling north on Gregg Street.
Louis Dargan (L.D.) Ervin was born in Darlington, South Carolina, in 1873. He attended the Georgia State Industrial College for Colored Youth of Savannah, the oldest institution of higher education for African Americans in Georgia. Ervin . . . Map (db m144776) HM
14Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Evans’ RendezvousAmerican Beach Historic District — A Project of the Trust for Public Land —
On Gregg Street at Lewis Street, on the left when traveling south on Gregg Street.
In the early 1930’s, A.L. Lewis, president of the Afro American Insurance Company, bought 200 acres of beachfront so his employees could enjoy the Florida shore during the days of segregation. For the next 40 years, American Beach was a paradise . . . Map (db m144780) HM
15Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Fairbanks Home
On S 7th Street near Cedar Street, on the right when traveling south.
Built in 1885 by George Rainsford Fairbanks, lawyer, historian, and editor. Born in 1820 at Watertown, New York, Fairbanks moved to Florida in 1842 and became a major in the Confederate Army. He edited the Fernandina Florida Mirror, presided . . . Map (db m59696) HM
16Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-198 — Fernandez Grant
On North 4th Street south of Calhoun Street.
During the Spanish and English periods of Florida history, many large tracts of land were granted primarily to induce settlement. All that remains of the Don Domingo Fernandez Spanish Grant is the family cemetery and this park. Royal title to . . . Map (db m33394) HM
17Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-880 — First Home on American Beach
On Gregg Street just north of Lewis Street, on the right when traveling north.
American Beach was established in January 1935 when the Afro-American Life Insurance Company purchased 33 acres of land with a 1000-foot shoreline. This Masonry Vernacular home was built that year for the president of the company, Abraham Lincoln . . . Map (db m92952) HM
18Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-1027 — First Missionary Baptist Church of Fernandina
On South 9th Sreet just south of Atlantic Avenue (Florida Route A1A), on the right when traveling north.
The First Missionary Baptist Church was founded by slaves in 1860 under the leadership of its first pastor. Elder William Rose of Savannah, Georgia. The congregation worshipped in multiple buildings until settling at its current location in 1873. . . . Map (db m174753) HM
19Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — 279 — First Presbyterian ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
On North 6th Street near Alachua Street, on the left when traveling north.
Organized in 1858, this congregation worships in Fernandina's oldest church building, and one of the oldest in Florida. This colonial structure rests on land donated by David L. Yulee, Florida's first Senator, and a former member of the . . . Map (db m121847) HM
20Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Florida HouseJosé Martí — 1853-1895 —
On South 3rd Street south of Centre Street, on the left when traveling south.
. . . Map (db m172850) HM
21Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-28 — Florida's First Atlantic to Gulf Railroad
On Center Avenue east of Front Street, on the left when traveling west.
The Florida Railroad Company was incorporated January 8, 1853, with David L. Yulee as president. The line received both federal and state land grants. Despite early financial difficulties, construction was begun from Fernandina, where the main . . . Map (db m33411) HM
22Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Fort Clinch
On Fort Clinch Road, 3.1 miles north of Atlantic Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
Fort Clinch Reconstruction And construction of roads Buildings and grounds Was performed by Civilian Conservation Corps Company 1420 1937-1942Map (db m33457) HM
23Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Fort Clinch Military Road
On Fort Clinch Road, 3.1 miles north of Atlantic Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
You are standing in the general location of the Fort Clinch Military Road. The photo represents what a typical military road looked like during the Civil War. In 1847, with the start of the fort's construction, military engineers realized the . . . Map (db m33438) HM
24Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Fort Clinch Military RoadFernandina Plaza Historic State Park
On Estrada Street at White Street, on the right when traveling south on Estrada Street.
In 1847, with the start of the fort’s construction, military engineers realized the necessity to create a road that would connect Fort Clinch to Old Fernandina. The road would serve as a vital lifeline for the movement of soldiers, supplies and . . . Map (db m144854) HM
25Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-250 — Fort San Carlos
On Estrada Street at White Street, on the right when traveling south on Estrada Street.
On this bluff overlooking the Amelia River, Fort San Carlos was completed by the Spanish in 1816. The fort was made of wood and earthworks and was armed with eight or ten guns. As the Spanish Empire disintegrated, Fort San Carlos became increasingly . . . Map (db m33360) HM
26Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — McClure's Hill
On North 14th Street south of Leon Street.
Site of the Battle of Amelia, September 13, 1817. On this hill, Spaniards erected a battery of four brass cannon, with about 300 men, supported by two gunboats. They shelled Fernandina, held by Jared Irwin, adventurer and former Penna. congressman. . . . Map (db m33343) HM
27Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-371 — Memorial United Methodist Church
On Sixth Street near Centre Street (State Road 1A / 20), on the right when traveling north.
Methodism first came to Amelia Island in 1822 when the South Carolina Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church appointed the Reverend Elijah Sinclair as the first minister to East Florida. Sinclair arrived within months of Florida being ceded . . . Map (db m59687) HM
28Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Mount Olive Baptist Church
On Old Nassauville Road (County Road 107) just south of Dirt Road, on the left when traveling south.
(side 1) Mount Olive Baptist Church in Nassauville, Florida was established in 1870 by the descendants of West African born, Sam Hooper, and his native American wife. Sam, (aka I. Hupue) who was over 100 years of age in 1864, was the . . . Map (db m92956) HM
29Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Nassau County American Revolutionary War Memorial
On South 11th Street at Atlantic Avenue (State Road A1A/200), on the right when traveling north on South 11th Street.
In honor of American Revolutionary War Patriots who settled in Nassau County, Florida Burroughs Higginbotham, Soldier Amos Latham, Soldier John Tolson Lowe, Lieutenant James Pelot, Patriot John Daniel Vaughan, Private For freedom, . . . Map (db m93831) WM
30Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-686 — Nassau County Historic Courthouse
On Centre Street near S 5th Street, on the right when traveling east.
The 1891 Nassau County Courthouse is one of only a few remaining courthouses in Florida built in the late 19th century. An excellent example of the Italianate style, it features a square domed tower with cupola, brick corbelling, bracketed cornice, . . . Map (db m58486) HM
31Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-443 — New Zion Baptist Church
On South Street near Atlantic Avenue (State Route 200) (State Road A1A), on the left when traveling south.
New Zion Baptist Church, the second oldest and largest black Baptist Church on Amelia Island, was founded on May 15, 1870 under the leadership of Reverend Lewis Cook (1834-1880). He and 69 parishioners held their first meeting in a stable on First . . . Map (db m58939) HM
32Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Old Town
On White Street at North 14th Streeet, on the right when traveling west on White Street.
Original site of Fernandina Last Spanish city platted in the Western Hemisphere Platted 1811 Listed on the National Register Of Historic PlacesMap (db m144773) HM
33Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-873 — Peck High School
On South 10th Street at Fir Street, on the right when traveling north on South 10th Street.
(Side 1) The groundwork for Peck High School started in 1880, when a group led by Henry B. Delaney petitioned for an African American school in Fernandina. In 1885, a four-room building known as Colored School No. 1 opened at Atlantic . . . Map (db m93837) HM
34Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-419 — Phelan-Verot House Built Prior to 1866
On N 4th Street near Alachua Street, on the right when traveling north.
On February 5, 1875, Jean-Pierre Augustin Verot, Bishop of Saint Augustine, purchased this cottage from Sarah Phelan. The Sisters of Saint Joseph lived here in the year 1877, when a devastating epidemic of yellow fever swept over the Amelia Island . . . Map (db m59963) HM
35Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-249 — Plaza San Carlos
On Estrada Street at Someruelus Street, on the right when traveling south on Estrada Street.
This land high above the Amelia River was a campsite for Indians in pre-historic times, as early as 2000-1000 B.C. In the early history of the state, it assumed military importance because of the fine protected harbor on the northern boundary of . . . Map (db m33349) HM
36Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Post Office Lamp Posts
On Centre Street at North 4th Street, on the right when traveling west on Centre Street.
Cast iron lamp posts originally flanked the south and west entrances to the post office building. The lamp posts represent the first standardized type approved for Federal buildings. Removed in the early 1950s, only these two survived. They were . . . Map (db m144878) HM
37Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Revolutionary War Invasion of British East Florida
On Center Avenue east of Front Street, on the left when traveling west.
In May 1777, Colonel Samuel Elbert's Continentals landed on the North End of Amelia Island at Oldtown Bluff, approximately one mile north of Florida. A patrol engaged in a skirmish with British troops on the south end of the island. An officer, Lt. . . . Map (db m33414) HM
38Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — Shipwreck, Slavery and SurvivalThe Saga of the Slave Ship Guerrero — Fernandina Plaza Historic State Park —
On Estrada Street at White Street, on the right when traveling south on Estrada Street.
A nearly two year ordeal for 100 enslaved Africans in Florida ended when they departed from Fernandina in 1829 and relocated to a settlement for freed slaves called New Georgia, in Liberia, Africa. The Spanish slave ship Guerrero, . . . Map (db m144894) HM
39Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-50 — St. Peter's Church(Episcopal)
On Atlantic Avenue (State Route 200) (State Road A1A) near 8th Street, on the right when traveling west.
The church was organized as a mission in 1858 and was consecrated the following year by the Rt. Rev. Francis Huger Rutledge, first Bishop of Florida. During the War it was used by Federal forces occupying Fernandina and many of its interior . . . Map (db m58814) HM
40Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-846 — The Good Shepherd Church 1887-1966
On North 9th Street just south of Alachua Street, on the left when traveling north.
In May 1887, the original wood frame building of St. Peter's Episcopal Church in Fernandina was given to the black congregation and called Good Shepherd Episcopal Church. The structure was moved to face east on Ninth Street. The rectors of St. . . . Map (db m92955) HM
41Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-376 — The Lesesne House
On Centre Street near N 5th Street, on the right when traveling west.
This Classical Revival style residence, built by Dr. John F. Lesesne circa 1860, is one of the oldest homes in Fernandina Beach. Lesesene left Fernandina during the Civil War and did not return. In 1868 the house became the property of the family of . . . Map (db m58467) HM
42Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-1080 — The Old Nassau County Jail
On South 3rd Street at Cedar Street, on the right when traveling south on South 3rd Street.
The Old Nassau County Jail has occupied several buildings on this site from 1878 through 1978. In 1868, the Nassau County Board of County Commissioners began the process of creating a stand-alone jail, and in 1871, the deed for this property was . . . Map (db m154094) HM
43Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — The PlazaFernandina Plaza Historic State Park
On Estrada Street at White Street, on the right when traveling south on Estrada Street.
Plaza San Carlos, located atop a bluff of the Amelia River in Old Town, is one of the most historically significant places on Amelia Island. The area was inhabited by Native Americans of St. Johns culture as early as 1000 BC, and was later used . . . Map (db m144885) HM
44Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — The UNESCO Slave Route Project: Resistance, Liberty, Heritage
On San Fernando Street south of White Street, on the right when traveling south.
(side 1) Launched in 1994, the international and inter-regional project ‘The Slave Route: Resistance, Liberty, Heritage’ addresses the history of the slave trade and slavery through the prism of intercultural dialogue, a culture of peace . . . Map (db m152489) HM
45Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — F-931 — U.S. Post Office–Customs House-Courthouse
On Centre Street near North 4th Street, on the right when traveling west.
Dedicated in 1912, this Italian Renaissance Revival building was designed under the direction of Treasury Department architect James Knox Taylor. The interior was custom built to accommodate the building’s three original functions as a United . . . Map (db m144847) HM
46Florida (Nassau County), Fernandina Beach — William Bartram TrailTraced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region —
On S Front Street near Centre Street, on the right when traveling north.
In 1774, William Bartram, famed Colonial Naturalist, visited Amelia Island and recorded the flora and fauna of this area.Map (db m58405) HM
47Florida (Nassau County), Hilliard — F-820 — Kings Ferry
On Bill Johnson Rd, 0.1 miles north of Kings Ferry Road (County Road 115A), on the left when traveling north.
Side 1 During Florida's British Period (1763-1783), the small trading hamlet of Mills Ferry was established here on the St. Marys River. Mills Ferry was first chronicled in the early 1770s by William Bartram. He noted that the Seagrove & . . . Map (db m93857) HM
48Florida (Nassau County), near Callahan — F-731 — Italia
On The Buccaneer Trail (State Road 200) (State Road A1A) near near Rocking Horse Lane, on the right when traveling west.
The town of Italia was founded here in 1882 by Irish-born entrepreneur William MacWilliams. Italia was located at milepost 18 on the Florida Transit Railroad, which ran from Fernandina to Cedar Key. The town began when former U.S. Senator David Levy . . . Map (db m54185) HM
49Florida (Nassau County), south of Callahan — F-236 — Battle of Thomas Creek
On U.S. 1, on the right when traveling south.
When the American War of Independence began, the new British colonies of East and West Florida did not seek separation from England. East Florida remained comparatively free from serious fighting throughout the course of the Revolutionary War. In . . . Map (db m41222) HM
50Florida (Nassau County), Yulee — F-1104 — Bryant Academy
Near Felmor Road at Florida Route A1A/200.
Side 1 Bryant Academy opened in the 1950-1951 school year, the result of an effort by the Nassau County School Board to provide more adequate schools for African Americans. The school board issued revenue bonds and closed nine existing African . . . Map (db m170000) HM
51Florida (Nassau County), Yulee — Florida Honors and Remembers our POW’s and MIA’s
Near I-95 (at milepost 378), 7 miles north of Cr 200.
The light of freedom still burns brightly in our world today because of the service and sacrifice of America’s men and women in uniform. Our Nation’s servicemen and women have fought the forces of tyranny and won victories for liberty, human . . . Map (db m134479) WM
52Florida (Nassau County), Yulee — F-962 — Florida's First Cross-Peninsula Railroad
On Florida Route A1A/200, 0.1 miles east of Wildlight Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
In 1855, construction began in Fernandina on the first railroad in Florida to connect the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. The final tracks were completed in Cedar Key in March 1861 just a month before the start of the Civil War. Named the Florida . . . Map (db m153377) HM
53Florida (Nassau County), Yulee — F-961 — John Muir's Walk on the Florida Railroad
On Route A1A/200, 0.1 miles east of Wildlight Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
Early in his career, famed naturalist John Muir passed this location on his “Thousand-Mile Walk to the Gulf” from Indiana to Cedar Key in 1867. From Fernandina, Florida, Muir followed the route of the Florida Railroad, the first rail . . . Map (db m153376) HM
54Florida (Nassau County), Yulee — F-935 — The Battle of Waterman's Bluff
On Southern Heritage Place just east of Lents Road, on the left when traveling east.
During the War of 1812, Georgia settlers invaded Spanish East Florida in an attempt to destabilize Spanish control and prevent British forces from using the region as a military staging ground. This conflict was known as the Patriot War. In March . . . Map (db m150640) HM
 
Oct. 22, 2021