“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Linn County, Kansas

Clickable Map of Linn County, Kansas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Linn County, KS (65) Allen County, KS (60) Anderson County, KS (5) Bourbon County, KS (55) Franklin County, KS (18) Miami County, KS (26) Bates County, MO (23) Vernon County, MO (22)  LinnCounty(65) Linn County (65)  AllenCounty(60) Allen County (60)  AndersonCounty(5) Anderson County (5)  BourbonCounty(55) Bourbon County (55)  FranklinCounty(18) Franklin County (18)  MiamiCounty(26) Miami County (26)  BatesCountyMissouri(23) Bates County (23)  VernonCounty(22) Vernon County (22)
Mound City is the county seat for Linn County
Adjacent to Linn County, Kansas
      Allen County (60)  
      Anderson County (5)  
      Bourbon County (55)  
      Franklin County (18)  
      Miami County (26)  
      Bates County, Missouri (23)  
      Vernon County, Missouri (22)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Kansas, Linn County, Cadmus — Cadmus War Memorial
[North Face] In honor of the Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865 [East Face] In honor of the Soldiers, Sailors and Marines who served in the World War 1917-1918 [South Face] In honor of the Loyal Women of . . . Map (db m34551) HM
2 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — "Quah-Kah-Ka-Num-Ad" — Rose Philippine Duchesne
This memorial is dedicated to: "Quah-Kah-Ka-Num-Ad" Potawatomie for "Woman Who Prays Always". Rose Philippine Duchesne was a nun of the Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, a teaching order. She taught Indian children here in . . . Map (db m70633) HM
3 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — [Potawatomi] Trail of Death — Indiana to Kansas
Sept. 4 - Nov. 5, 1838 61 Day March 618 Miles (Map showing path)Map (db m70608) HM
4 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — [Potawatomi] Trail of Death
The removal of the Potawatomi Indians from northern Indiana to Kansas took place Sept. - Nov. 1838. Nearly 900 Indians were rounded up by soldiers and marched at gun point for 61 days. So many died on the way and were buried by the roadside that . . . Map (db m70609) HM
5 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Blacksmith Shop
The hundreds of hand wrought metal items found at this site indicates that a blacksmith shop existed here in the 1800's. Among the items found were parts of wagon wheels, cooking utensils, muskets, nails, scissors, grading tools, hammers, . . . Map (db m70539) HM
6 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Daily Offering
This granite depiction of St. Philippine and two American Indians is an enlarged copy of a 3" x 5" sketch done by an unknown nun of St. Charles, Mo. Lawrence Branstetter of Bruce Marble in Fort Scott copied and enlarged the design using a . . . Map (db m70656) HM
7 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Father Petit and the Potawatomi 'Trail of Death' — (Indiana to Kansas, September 4 - November 4, 1838)
Rev. Benjamin Marie Petit, of the City of Rennes, France, arrived as the Catholic missionary to the Potawatomi Indians in northern Indiana in November 1837. By June 1838, he had learned much of their difficult language and their culture, and had . . . Map (db m70652) HM
8 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Father Petit and the Trail of Death
Father Benjamin Marie Petit, a missionary to the Potawatomi in northern Indiana, accompanied them on the forced removal in 1838. He ministered to their needs, both spiritual and physical. He baptized the dying children, "whose first step was . . . Map (db m70635) HM
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9 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Ft. Scott and California Road
This road was used by settlers going to Ft. Scott, where groups going to California and New Mexico were escorted by the U.S. Calvary This is the only section of the road to still existMap (db m70540) HM
10 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Kanza Indian Site?
The rock lined pits in this area pre-date the arrival of the Potawatomi Indians. Theories are that they may have been used for seed or food storage. The rocks here are shaped differently than any other in the area and their origin is uncertain. . . . Map (db m70575) HM
11 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Log Cabin School — October 9, 1841
On this site a log cabin with stone foundation was built for St. Philippine Duchesne and two other nuns. The work was done by the Pottawatomie Indians under the directions of black master carpenter Edmund who had accompanied the nuns to Kansas from . . . Map (db m70640) HM
12 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Log Convent
On this site a five room log convent completed mid March 1842Map (db m70639) HM
13 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Potawatomi "Trail of Death" march & death of Fr. Petit
[Map] Designates 1838 'Trail of Death' route from Indiana to present day Osawatomie, Kans. In September 1838 over 850 Potawatomi Indian people were rounded up and marched at gunpoint from their Indiana homeland. Many walked the 600-mile . . . Map (db m70654) HM
14 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Potawatomi Burial Ground — Memorial
. . . Map (db m70655) HM
15 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Priests House
Some of the Jesuit priests who lived and served here Fr. Christian Hoecken • Fr. Francis Renaud • Fr. Felix Vanquickenborne • Fr. Peter John Verhaegen • Fr. Peter Desmet • Fr. Fleix [sic] Verreydt • Fr. John Baptist Smedts • Fr. Herman Aelen . . . Map (db m70638) HM
16 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — Saint Kateri Tekakwitha Onkweonweke Katsitsiio Teotsitsianekaron — (The Fairest Flower That Ever Bloomed Among The Red Men) — 1656 - 1680 (Died at Age 24) —
Kateri was an Indian princess. Her father Kenneronkwa was a chief of the Mohawk-Iroquois (Turtle Clan). Her mother was Kahenta of the Algonquin tribe. This young Indian maiden is honored on July 14 as the first North American Indian proposed . . . Map (db m70641) HM
17 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — St. Mary's Mission — St. Philippine Duchesne Memorial Park
Sugar Creek Mission 1839 - 1849 Potawatomi Settlement after a forced march from Northern Indiana A Journey Called "Trail of Death"Map (db m70574) HM
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18 Kansas, Linn County, Centerville — St. Philippine Duchesne Memorial and Historical Park
This is the Memorial and Historical Park dedicated to St. Philippine Duchesne and the Big Sugar/St. Mary Indian Mission, established 1838 to 1848. The official Shrine to St. Philippine Duchesne is located in Sacred Heart Catholic Church in . . . Map (db m70632) HM
19 Kansas, Linn County, Lacygne — World War II Memorial
Honor Roll Proudly we pay tribute to Members of our Community who served in the Armed Forces in World War IIMap (db m69219) WM
20 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Barn — Reported unreadable
Original date built unknown. Relocated to park in 1986. [Balance illegible]Map (db m93388) HM
21 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Clausen Cabin — Circa 1900
Relocated in 1982 from Centerville Area. Last log cabin inhabited in Linn County. Made of persimmon wood. Mansard roof style allowed sleeping loft. Cabin was taken apart log by log, moved and rebuilt by the Mound City Historical Society. Donated . . . Map (db m93376) HM
22 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Fort Montgomery — Replica built in 2000
Original cabin/fort built in 1855 five miles west of Mound City. The original building was the second cabin owned by James Montgomery as the first one was burned by proslavery Missouri Border Ruffians. The logs were placed vertically on the . . . Map (db m93375) HM
23 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — James Montgomery Ballot Box
Free Stater claimed voters deceived on slavery issue by Pro-slavery forces Jan. 1858 smashed ballot box scattering votes.Map (db m21800) HM
24 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Log Corncrib — Year built unknown — Relocated to park in 1982 —
The wooden corncrib was found on all farms to hold the yearly corn crop to be fed to the farm animals. The corncrib was also a fun place to play for the family children. Donated by Larry HallMap (db m93421) HM
25 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Mound City Bandwagon
Built in the 1840's and came to Mound City, Kansas with the circus in 1865. Restored in 1988.Map (db m93374) HM
26 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Mound City Civil War Memorial
In memory of the officers and soldiers buried within this cemetery who gave their lives in defence of the Union. limestone marker National Cemetery Plot In 1865 National Cemetery Plot No. 1 was laid out by the . . . Map (db m21798) HM
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27 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Mound City Depot — Built ? — Reported unreadable
Relocated to park in 1981 Missouri Pacific route ran from Butler, Missouri to Mound City, Kansas. Last train ran in 1949, bringing poles to complete the rural electric service to Linn County. Contains antiques and memorabilia from the area and . . . Map (db m93386) HM
28 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Number 9 School — Built 1867
Relocated in 1976 from the Kossuth Community. Built of lumber hauled by team and wagon from Westport. Site also had a horse barn, coal shed, 2 outdoor toilets and a dug well. School is a one room, one teacher schoolhouse. Students from grades . . . Map (db m93382) HM
29 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Sacred Heart Catholic Church
Sacred Heart Catholic Church is the official Shrine to St. Philippine Duchesne; the only person to set foot in Kansas territory to be canonized to Sainthood, as of 2010. This Church was built by the Diocese in 1941-1942. 1941 was the year St. . . . Map (db m93372) HM
30 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Warzel Bungalow — Circa 1915
Relocated from across the street in 1983. The original owner, Mr. Gus Warzel and Mr. Ernest Schultz built an electric plant across street to east in 1915. The blocks used to form the porch are made of cement poured into forms and were typical of the . . . Map (db m93384) HM
31 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Wesley Chapel Bell
Dedicated to Wesley Chapel in memory of David and Ruth Campbell, Founder members and early-day pioneers 1870 - 1900 Frisco In memory of J. Robert & M. Ellen BarnesMap (db m93377) HM
32 Kansas, Linn County, Mound City — Windmill and Water Trough — Trough built in 1915 — Windmill built in 1980's —
Horse watering trough was located on the Campbell farm. The windmill is a working windmill but the water is only a recirculating system and the water is unsafe to drink. Donated by Eugene and Hazen CampbellMap (db m93422) HM
33 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — "Hurra for Kansas!"
The Lathrop family lived in a cabin south of the creek. They were home during the battle. "In front of a log cabin stood an old woman, with several children clinging to her skirts, fearless of the leaden shower which ceaselessly pattered . . . Map (db m78619) HM
34 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — After the Battle
Nearby homes were converted into makeshift hospitals where wounded were treated before being sent to larger hospitals in Mound City, Fort Scott, and Fort Leavenworth. Union soldiers killed in battle were buried in cemeteries within these same . . . Map (db m67435) HM
35 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Battle of Mine Creek
Upon this rolling prairie and across Mine Creek occurred the largest Civil War battle in Kansas. It also was one of the largest cavalry battles of the Civil War. Nearly 8,000 Confederate soldiers clashed with 2,500 Union troops. The battle lasted . . . Map (db m20261) HM
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36 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Battle of Mine Creek — October 25, 1864
Of the approximately 600 Confederate casualties in this battle, many of those killed in action were buried in unmarked graves on this battlefield. Most of the dead were from Marmaduke's Missouri Cavalry Division and Fagan's Arkansas Cavalry . . . Map (db m20264) HM
37 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — 47 — Battle of Mine Creek — Reported missing
In October, 1864, a Confederate army under Gen. Stirling Price was defeated near Kansas City. He retreated south, crossed into Kansas, and camped at Trading Post. Early on the morning of October 25 Union troops under Generals Pleasonton, Blunt and . . . Map (db m6937) HM
38 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Cavalry
The battle at Mine Creek was one of the largest cavalry battles of the Civil War. Thousands of men and horses took part in the engagement. Cavalry regiments played an important role. In the beginning they supported the infantry and . . . Map (db m78168) HM
39 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Cavalry Horses
Throughout the war a variety of horses were used by both sides. Morgans, American Saddlebreds, Thoroughbreds, Standardbreds, and Quarter Horses are only a few. The ideal horse was a mare or a gelding, aged four or five years, with a height of 56 . . . Map (db m78166) HM
40 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Chaos at the Crossing
At the creek at 11 a.m. on October 25, 1864, the four-to-five feet high banks were slippery and crumbling from a recent rain. The rushing water was deep, and the crossing was difficult. Hundreds of wagon wheels and horses had churned the mud into . . . Map (db m78620) HM
41 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Combat at State Line
Near Kansas City, Union troops clashed with Price's army in a series of battles:
• October 19 in Lexington • October 21 at the Little Blue River • October 22 at the Big Blue River • October 23 in Westport
. . . Map (db m67400) HM
42 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Conclusion of Price Campaign
When Major General Sterling Price commenced his invasion of Missouri he had several objectives. By the time he reached Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) in November, not a single objective had been met. He failed to take St. Louis and . . . Map (db m78160) HM
43 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Confederate Defeat
Although the Confederates greatly outnumbered the Union troops at Mine Creek, the Union army clearly had an advantage with its weapons. The Confederates were armed with long muzzle-loading infantry rifles, which were difficult to reload on . . . Map (db m67409) HM
44 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Lieutenant Colonel Frederick W. Benteen Memorial Bridge
Dedicated to the memory of those who served to preserve the Union during the Civil War, 1861-1865 This bridge was donated and installed to provide access to the main ford of Mine CreekMap (db m78188) HM WM
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45 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Mine Creek Battlefield Aerial Overlay
This present day photo of Mine Creek Battlefield with overlays highlights the positions of Union and Confederate troops at 11 a.m. on October 25, 1864. Note where you are positioned in relationship to the events of that day. The woods and farm . . . Map (db m67380) HM
46 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Nursing the Wounded
When the armies moved south, hundreds of dead and wounded men were left behind on the battlefield. As soon as the shooting stopped civilians from nearby homes offered assistance. Men "had fallen all about the house and crawled away to fence . . . Map (db m78162) HM
47 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Price's Raid
One of the largest cavalry battles of the Civil War was fought in the fields around Mine Creek. In August 1864 Confederate Major General Sterling Price received orders to invade Missouri. He was to bring Missouri into the confederacy and . . . Map (db m67398) HM
48 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — The Battle Begins
With two brigades of 2,500 Union cavalrymen bearing down upon them, the Confederate rear guard formed a skirmish line. This maneuver delayed Union troops long enough for the Confederates to establish a main line of defense 800 yards south. The . . . Map (db m67408) HM
49 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — The Fort Scott Road
The Fort Scott Road ran in a north/south direction just east of the fence line. As it approached Mine Creek it veered to the southwest. This road paralled the route of present-day U.S. 69 Highway. Because this was a "running" engagement, the road . . . Map (db m50161) HM
50 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Stop F — Two Mounted Armies Collide
Captain Richard Hinton was with the Union soldiers as they approached from the north. As the "timber of Mine Creek" came into view, Hinton wrote, the enemy were discovered in great force formed in line of battle upon the north side of the . . . Map (db m50170) HM
51 Kansas, Linn County, Pleasanton — Union Charge
When the Union charge commenced the 10th Missouri Cavalry, USA, started forward with a yell and bugles blaring, but half-way down the slope the men hesitated and stopped when the Confederates showed no sign of breaking. Union Lieutenant . . . Map (db m67445) HM
52 Kansas, Linn County, Prescott — Prescott Rural High School — 1924
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m64662) HM
53 Kansas, Linn County, Prescott — Prescott School — 1883
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m64659) HM
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54 Kansas, Linn County, Prescott — War Memorial
Dedicated to the Glory of God and the honored memory of those men whose patriotic service and sacrifice have helped make American war efforts successful in the Cause of Humanity. World War II 2nd LT. G. Guilard Long 1944 PFC Donald J. . . . Map (db m64664) WM
55 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — 46 — Marais des Cygnes Massacre
Nothing in the struggle over slavery in Kansas did more to inflame the nation than the mass killing which took place May 19, 1858, about four miles northeast of this marker. Charles Hamelton who had been driven from the territory by Free-State men, . . . Map (db m4359) HM
56 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — Marais des Cygnes Massacre State Historic Site Trail
A Nation at Odds The mid 1800s were a time of turmoil and tragedy in the U.S. The issue of slavery polarized the nation. It created a moral, political, and economic dilemma. The struggle over slavery ultimately led to the Civil War, splitting . . . Map (db m39862) HM
57 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — Marais Du Cygne Martyrs Memorial
(Front): Rev. B. L. Read John F. Campbell William Colpetzer Michael Robertson Patrick Ross William Hairgrove Asa Hairgrove Charles Snider William A Stilwell Amos Hall Austin Hall (Side 2): On the 19th day of May . . . Map (db m20113) HM
58 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — Murder on the Marais des Cygnes
The bloodiest single incident in the Kansas-Missouri border struggles, 1854-1861, occurred May 19, 1858, when about 30 Proslavery Missourians seized 11 Kansas Free-State men near Trading Post and marched them to a ravine 225 yards northwest of this . . . Map (db m39861) HM
59 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — Sounds along the byway...anxiety and anticipation in the creak of wagon wheels. — Frontier Military Historic Byway
Westward bound settlers crossed and traveled the Frontier Military Road as they headed to new land and new lives. These migrants faced the unknown with anxiety and anticipation in search of a better life. The Sante Fe Trail, the Oregon Trail and . . . Map (db m33942) HM
60 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — Sounds along the, trucks and buses. — Frontier Military Historic Byway
Today's Frontier Military Scenic Byway visitors travel at higher speeds and in greater numbers than those who traveled the Frontier Military Road in the 1800s. Vehicles protect today's travelers from the weather, and our roadways of today keep . . . Map (db m33934) HM
61 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — Sounds along the byway...fur traders bringing their goods. — Frontier Military Historic Byway
In 1825, Cyprian Chouteau, of the Chouteau family that founded St. Louis, Missouri, came to this area to open a trading post. The Choteau family members were extensive fur traders in the Missouri River Valley and present-day eastern Kansas and . . . Map (db m33936) HM
62 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — Sounds along the byway...saws, picks and axes. — Frontier Military Historic Byway
"The ax, pick, saw and trowel, has become more the implement of the American soldier than the cannon, musket or sword." Colonel Zachary Taylor, 1820 In 1836, President Andrew Jackson authorized $100,000 to build a military road from Fort . . . Map (db m33939) HM
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63 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — Sounds along the roadway...soldiers on the move. — Frontier Military Historic Byway
The Frontier Military Road was used to provide soldiers and supplies to the forts along the "Permanent Indian Frontier". Fort Leavenworth and Fort Scott were on the route in what is now eastern Kansas. The only major Civil War Battle in Kansas was . . . Map (db m33940) HM
64 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — Sounds from the past...hoof beats and heartbeats. — Frontier Military Historic Byway
Pro- and anti-slavery forces made their way to this area on horseback and on foot in the fight over whether Kansas would be a free state or a slave state. Skirmishes, scuffles and screams could be heard in the woodlands nearby. The Marias des . . . Map (db m33944) HM
65 Kansas, Linn County, Trading Post — Sounds of the byway...moccasins and tears. — Frontier Military Historic Byway
Potawatomi Tribal members were marched from Indiana in 1838 to be relocated on Indian Territory lands. The march was long and arduous. Many Potawatomi, especially children and the elderly, died of illness along the way. Those who survived the . . . Map (db m33946) HM
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Jun. 23, 2024