In honor of the Veterans of the
Civil War 1861-1865
In honor of the Soldiers, Sailors
and Marines who served in the
World War 1917-1918
In honor of the Loyal Women
of . . . — — Map (db m34551) HM
This memorial is dedicated to:
"Woman Who Prays Always".
Rose Philippine Duchesne was a nun of the
Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus,
a teaching order.
She taught Indian children here in . . . — — Map (db m70633) HM
The removal of the Potawatomi Indians from northern Indiana to Kansas took place Sept. - Nov. 1838. Nearly 900 Indians were rounded up by soldiers and marched at gun point for 61 days. So many died on the way and were buried by the roadside that . . . — — Map (db m70609) HM
The hundreds of hand wrought metal items found at this site indicates that a blacksmith shop existed here in the 1800's.
Among the items found were parts of wagon wheels, cooking utensils, muskets, nails, scissors, grading tools, hammers, . . . — — Map (db m70539) HM
This granite depiction of St. Philippine and two American Indians is an enlarged copy of a 3" x 5" sketch done by an unknown nun of St. Charles, Mo. Lawrence Branstetter of Bruce Marble in Fort Scott copied and enlarged the design using a . . . — — Map (db m70656) HM
Rev. Benjamin Marie Petit, of the City of Rennes, France, arrived as the Catholic missionary to the Potawatomi Indians in northern Indiana in November 1837. By June 1838, he had learned much of their difficult language and their culture, and had . . . — — Map (db m70652) HM
Father Benjamin Marie Petit, a missionary to the Potawatomi in northern Indiana, accompanied them on the forced removal in 1838. He ministered to their needs, both spiritual and physical. He baptized the dying children, "whose first step was . . . — — Map (db m70635) HM
This road was used by settlers going to Ft. Scott, where groups going to California and New Mexico were escorted by the U.S. Calvary
This is the only section of the road to still exist — — Map (db m70540) HM
The rock lined pits in this area pre-date the arrival of the Potawatomi Indians. Theories are that they may have been used for seed or food storage. The rocks here are shaped differently than any other in the area and their origin is uncertain. . . . — — Map (db m70575) HM
On this site a log cabin with stone foundation was built for St. Philippine Duchesne and two other nuns. The work was done by the Pottawatomie Indians under the directions of black master carpenter Edmund who had accompanied the nuns to Kansas from . . . — — Map (db m70640) HM
[Map] Designates 1838 'Trail of Death' route from Indiana to present day Osawatomie, Kans.
In September 1838 over 850 Potawatomi Indian people were rounded up and marched at gunpoint from their Indiana homeland. Many walked the 600-mile . . . — — Map (db m70654) HM
Some of the Jesuit priests who lived and served here
Fr. Christian Hoecken Fr. Francis Renaud Fr. Felix Vanquickenborne Fr. Peter John Verhaegen Fr. Peter Desmet Fr. Fleix [sic] Verreydt Fr. John Baptist Smedts Fr. Herman Aelen . . . — — Map (db m70638) HM
Kateri was an Indian princess. Her father Kenneronkwa was a chief of the Mohawk-Iroquois (Turtle Clan). Her mother was Kahenta of the Algonquin tribe.
This young Indian maiden is honored on July 14 as the first North American Indian proposed . . . — — Map (db m70641) HM
This is the Memorial and Historical Park dedicated to St. Philippine Duchesne and the Big Sugar/St. Mary Indian Mission, established 1838 to 1848.
The official Shrine to St. Philippine Duchesne is located in Sacred Heart Catholic Church in . . . — — Map (db m70632) HM
Relocated in 1982 from Centerville Area. Last log cabin inhabited in Linn County. Made of persimmon wood. Mansard roof style allowed sleeping loft. Cabin was taken apart log by log, moved and rebuilt by the Mound City Historical Society.
Donated . . . — — Map (db m93376) HM
Original cabin/fort built in 1855 five miles west of Mound City. The original building was the second cabin owned by James Montgomery as the first one was burned by proslavery Missouri Border Ruffians.
The logs were placed vertically on the . . . — — Map (db m93375) HM
The wooden corncrib was found on all farms to hold the yearly corn crop to be fed to the farm animals. The corncrib was also a fun place to play for the family children.
Donated by Larry Hall — — Map (db m93421) HM
In memory of the
officers and soldiers
buried within this cemetery
who gave their lives
in defence of the Union.
National Cemetery Plot
In 1865 National Cemetery Plot No. 1 was laid out by the . . . — — Map (db m21798) HM
Relocated to park in 1981 Missouri Pacific route ran from Butler, Missouri to Mound City, Kansas. Last train ran in 1949, bringing poles to complete the rural electric service to Linn County. Contains antiques and memorabilia from the area and . . . — — Map (db m93386) HM
Relocated in 1976 from the Kossuth Community. Built of lumber hauled by team and wagon from Westport. Site also had a horse barn, coal shed, 2 outdoor toilets and a dug well.
School is a one room, one teacher schoolhouse. Students from grades . . . — — Map (db m93382) HM
Sacred Heart Catholic Church is the official Shrine to St. Philippine Duchesne; the only person to set foot in Kansas territory to be canonized to Sainthood, as of 2010.
This Church was built by the Diocese in 1941-1942. 1941 was the year St. . . . — — Map (db m93372) HM
Relocated from across the street in 1983. The original owner, Mr. Gus Warzel and Mr. Ernest Schultz built an electric plant across street to east in 1915. The blocks used to form the porch are made of cement poured into forms and were typical of the . . . — — Map (db m93384) HM
Horse watering trough was located on the Campbell farm. The windmill is a working windmill but the water is only a recirculating system and the water is unsafe to drink.
Donated by Eugene and Hazen Campbell — — Map (db m93422) HM
The Lathrop family lived in a cabin south of the creek. They were home during the battle.
"In front of a log cabin stood an old woman, with several children clinging to her skirts, fearless of the leaden shower which ceaselessly pattered . . . — — Map (db m78619) HM
Nearby homes were converted into makeshift hospitals where wounded were treated before being sent to larger hospitals in Mound City, Fort Scott, and Fort Leavenworth. Union soldiers killed in battle were buried in cemeteries within these same . . . — — Map (db m67435) HM
Upon this rolling prairie and across Mine Creek occurred the largest Civil War battle in Kansas. It also was one of the largest cavalry battles of the Civil War. Nearly 8,000 Confederate soldiers clashed with 2,500 Union troops. The battle lasted . . . — — Map (db m20261) HM
Of the approximately 600 Confederate casualties in this battle, many of those killed in action were buried in unmarked graves on this battlefield.
Most of the dead were from Marmaduke's Missouri Cavalry Division and Fagan's Arkansas Cavalry . . . — — Map (db m20264) HM
In October, 1864, a Confederate army under Gen. Stirling Price was defeated near Kansas City. He retreated south, crossed into Kansas, and camped at Trading Post. Early on the morning of October 25 Union troops under Generals Pleasonton, Blunt and . . . — — Map (db m6937) HM
The battle at Mine Creek was one of the largest cavalry battles of the Civil War. Thousands of men and horses took part in the engagement.
Cavalry regiments played an important role. In the beginning they supported the infantry and . . . — — Map (db m78168) HM
Throughout the war a variety of horses were used by both sides. Morgans, American Saddlebreds, Thoroughbreds, Standardbreds, and Quarter Horses are only a few. The ideal horse was a mare or a gelding, aged four or five years, with a height of 56 . . . — — Map (db m78166) HM
At the creek at 11 a.m. on October 25, 1864, the four-to-five feet high banks were slippery and crumbling from a recent rain. The rushing water was deep, and the crossing was difficult. Hundreds of wagon wheels and horses had churned the mud into . . . — — Map (db m78620) HM
When Major General Sterling Price commenced his invasion of Missouri he had several objectives. By the time he reached Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) in November, not a single objective had been met. He failed to take St. Louis and . . . — — Map (db m78160) HM
Although the Confederates greatly outnumbered the Union troops at Mine Creek, the Union army clearly had an advantage with its weapons. The Confederates were armed with long muzzle-loading infantry rifles, which were difficult to reload on . . . — — Map (db m67409) HM
Dedicated to the memory of those who served to preserve the Union during the Civil War, 1861-1865
This bridge was donated and installed to provide access to the main ford of Mine Creek — — Map (db m78188) HM WM
This present day photo of Mine Creek Battlefield with overlays highlights the positions of Union and Confederate troops at 11 a.m. on October 25, 1864. Note where you are positioned in relationship to the events of that day.
The woods and farm . . . — — Map (db m67380) HM
When the armies moved south, hundreds of dead and wounded men were left behind on the battlefield. As soon as the shooting stopped civilians from nearby homes offered assistance.
Men "had fallen all about the house and crawled away to fence . . . — — Map (db m78162) HM
One of the largest cavalry battles of the Civil War was fought in the fields around Mine Creek.
In August 1864 Confederate Major General Sterling Price received orders to invade Missouri. He was to bring Missouri into the confederacy and . . . — — Map (db m67398) HM
With two brigades of 2,500 Union cavalrymen bearing down upon them, the Confederate rear guard formed a skirmish line. This maneuver delayed Union troops long enough for the Confederates to establish a main line of defense 800 yards south. The . . . — — Map (db m67408) HM
The Fort Scott Road ran in a north/south direction just east of the fence line. As it approached Mine Creek it veered to the southwest. This road paralled the route of present-day U.S. 69 Highway. Because this was a "running" engagement, the road . . . — — Map (db m50161) HM
Captain Richard Hinton was with the Union soldiers as they approached from the north. As the "timber of Mine Creek" came into view, Hinton wrote,
the enemy were discovered in great force formed in line of battle upon the north side of the . . . — — Map (db m50170) HM
When the Union charge commenced the 10th Missouri Cavalry, USA, started forward with a yell and bugles blaring, but half-way down the slope the men hesitated and stopped when the Confederates showed no sign of breaking.
Union Lieutenant . . . — — Map (db m67445) HM
Dedicated to the Glory of God and the honored memory of those men whose patriotic service and sacrifice have helped make American war efforts successful in the Cause of Humanity.
World War II
2nd LT. G. Guilard Long 1944
PFC Donald J. . . . — — Map (db m64664) WM
Nothing in the struggle over slavery in Kansas did more to inflame the nation than the mass killing which took place May 19, 1858, about four miles northeast of this marker. Charles Hamelton who had been driven from the territory by Free-State men, . . . — — Map (db m4359) HM
A Nation at Odds
The mid 1800s were a time of turmoil and tragedy in the U.S. The issue of slavery polarized the nation. It created a moral, political, and economic dilemma. The struggle over slavery ultimately led to the Civil War, splitting . . . — — Map (db m39862) HM
Rev. B. L. Read
John F. Campbell
William A Stilwell
On the 19th day of May . . . — — Map (db m20113) HM
The bloodiest single incident in the Kansas-Missouri border struggles, 1854-1861, occurred May 19, 1858, when about 30 Proslavery Missourians seized 11 Kansas Free-State men near Trading Post and marched them to a ravine 225 yards northwest of this . . . — — Map (db m39861) HM
Westward bound settlers crossed and traveled the Frontier Military Road as they headed to new land and new lives. These migrants faced the unknown with anxiety and anticipation in search of a better life. The Sante Fe Trail, the Oregon Trail and . . . — — Map (db m33942) HM
Today's Frontier Military Scenic Byway visitors travel at higher speeds and in greater numbers than those who traveled the Frontier Military Road in the 1800s. Vehicles protect today's travelers from the weather, and our roadways of today keep . . . — — Map (db m33934) HM
In 1825, Cyprian Chouteau, of the Chouteau family that founded St. Louis, Missouri, came to this area to open a trading post. The Choteau family members were extensive fur traders in the Missouri River Valley and present-day eastern Kansas and . . . — — Map (db m33936) HM
"The ax, pick, saw and trowel, has become more the implement of the American soldier than the cannon, musket or sword."
Colonel Zachary Taylor, 1820
In 1836, President Andrew Jackson authorized $100,000 to build a military road from Fort . . . — — Map (db m33939) HM
The Frontier Military Road was used to provide soldiers and supplies to the forts along the "Permanent Indian Frontier". Fort Leavenworth and Fort Scott were on the route in what is now eastern Kansas. The only major Civil War Battle in Kansas was . . . — — Map (db m33940) HM
Pro- and anti-slavery forces made their way to this area on horseback and on foot in the fight over whether Kansas would be a free state or a slave state. Skirmishes, scuffles and screams could be heard in the woodlands nearby.
The Marias des . . . — — Map (db m33944) HM
Potawatomi Tribal members were marched from Indiana in 1838 to be relocated on Indian Territory lands. The march was long and arduous. Many Potawatomi, especially children and the elderly, died of illness along the way. Those who survived the . . . — — Map (db m33946) HM