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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Montgomery County, Maryland

 
Clickable Map of Montgomery County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Montgomery County, MD (524) Frederick County, MD (469) Howard County, MD (116) Prince George s County, MD (524) Washington, DC (1956) Arlington County, VA (373) Fairfax County, VA (482) Loudoun County, VA (273)  MontgomeryCounty(524) Montgomery County (524)  FrederickCounty(469) Frederick County (469)  HowardCounty(116) Howard County (116)  PrinceGeorge'sCounty(524) Prince George's County (524)   D.C.(1956) Washington (1956)  (373) Arlington County (373)  FairfaxCountyVirginia(482) Fairfax County (482)  LoudounCounty(273) Loudoun County (273)
Adjacent to Montgomery County, Maryland
    Frederick County (469)
    Howard County (116)
    Prince George's County (524)
    Washington, D.C. (1956)
    Arlington County, D.C. (373)
    Fairfax County, Virginia (482)
    Loudoun County, Virginia (273)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Maryland (Montgomery County), Aspen Hill — Old Glory
Top section of marker: Old Glory I am the Star Spangled Banner.....   conceived in 1777 out of love   America bore for Liberty and Honor. I am the memorial of countless heroes who   shed their blood to preserve this   . . . — Map (db m111567) WM
2Maryland (Montgomery County), Barnesville — Barnesville“... a bad night of it...” — Gettysburg Campaign —
The advance of Union Gen. John F. Reynolds’ I Corps began slogging through Barnesville on the morning of Friday, June 26, 1863, having crossed the Potomac River the afternoon before and camped west of town. Continuous heavy rain made marching muddy . . . — Map (db m1678) HM
3Maryland (Montgomery County), Barnesville — Barnesville“Before night our town changed hands five times!” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On the evening of September 5, 1862, Gen. Wade Hampton’s and Gen. Fitzhugh Lee’s Confederate cavalry brigades bivouacked around Barnesville. They rode the next day to their base camp at Urbana, leaving the 9th Virginia Cavalry to guard Barnesville. . . . — Map (db m156129) HM
4Maryland (Montgomery County), Barnesville — Barnesville StationDedicated October 8, 1977
Built about 1930 as the first metering station for the Washington area gas supply, this building was saved from imminent destruction by concerned citizens dedicated to both the preservation of the visible past and revitalization of the railroad. On . . . — Map (db m139683) HM
5Maryland (Montgomery County), Beallsville — African American Soldiers from Montgomery County1861-1865
Black men — both free and enslaved — were called upon to fight in the Civil War which ultimately led to the dismantlement of slavery, that ‘peculiar institution.’ As the Civil War dragged on, the state newspapers exaggerated . . . — Map (db m86905) HM
6Maryland (Montgomery County), Beallsville — BeallsvilleSquabble at the cemetery: Whose flag flies today? — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
On September 9, 1862, the running engagement between Illinois, Indiana, and Virginia cavalry units that began the day before in Poolesville continued in Beallsville when two Federal regiments forced the single regiment of Virginia cavalrymen posted . . . — Map (db m1681) HM
7Maryland (Montgomery County), Beallsville — Brewer Farmstead
Family Farming Dr. William Brewer acquired 583 acres in a land grant known as “Woodstock Manor,” in 1838. Woodstock was two miles from Dr. Brewer's primary residence, Aix-La-Chappell where he provided medical treatment to the . . . — Map (db m86904) HM
8Maryland (Montgomery County), Beallsville — Equestrian Heritage
Importance of Horses Horses were brought to this continent by Spanish explorers in the 16th centu­ry. Their speed and endurance were invaluable in the New World. In early America. specific breeds were relatively unknown. Horses were . . . — Map (db m86431) HM
9Maryland (Montgomery County), Beallsville — In Loving MemoryConfederate Memorial
“In loving memory of the valor and self-sacrifice of the Maryland soldiers in the Confederate Army whose names are inscribed hereon” War of 1861 — 1865 J. Collison White     Richard R. Hays Thomas H. White     James . . . — Map (db m86183) WM
10Maryland (Montgomery County), Beallsville — Seneca Stone Barn
Restoring History This circa 1800 stable was built either by the Young family or the Fisher family of Seneca sandstone most likely quarried nearby on the Potomac River. Seneca stone was prized for its ruddy variegated color, local abundance, . . . — Map (db m86368) HM
11Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — "All are Welcome to the Healing Plaza"Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
This plaza is a tribute to the history and legacy of two great military medical institutions and their contributions to military medicine. Through this garden’s peaceful landscape, sculpture, and memorials, visitors are reminded of our commitment to . . . — Map (db m70946) HM
12Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — "The Linden Oak"- 1976 -
Known locally as "The Linden Oak," this white oak tree (Quercus alba) is the fourth largest of its species in the state of Maryland and the largest in Montgomery County. How it came to be called "The Linden Oak" is unknown. Recognized in the . . . — Map (db m22317) HM
13Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — A Totem For Healing
The National Library of Medicine's healing totem was created to promote good health, in keeping with the mission of the doctors and scientists who work here at NIH to advance our knowledge of health and medicine. Master carver Jewell James of the . . . — Map (db m77836) HM
14Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — A Way for FishChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
If you walk down the short path to the water's edge and look upriver to your right, you can see Snake Island in the middle of Little Falls Dam. Just behind the island, hidden underwater, is a fishway—a passage that enables fish to swim beyond . . . — Map (db m136927) HM
15Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — At This LocationQuercus alba -- White Oak
The 192 year old, 84 foot tall white oak that grew here was felled on February 14, 1998 to make way for the Mark O. Hatfield Clinical Research Center. The U.S. Navy used the 14 ton, 35 foot trunk segment for repairs to the USS Constitution, . . . — Map (db m73322) HM
16Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Battery Bailey
During the Civil War, fortifications were constructed around the perimeter of Washington to defend the city from attack by the Confederate Army. Paramount to survival under siege was protection of the city's water supply. Forts Sumner and Mansfield . . . — Map (db m17647) HM
17Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Bear and the Steelhead
The carvings on this bench depict a story from the Salish people of the northwestern United States and British Columbia, Canada. The story teaches respect for natural cycles, represented by the salmon’s annual migration upriver from the sea to . . . — Map (db m77878) HM
18Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Bethesda - Chevy Chase Veterans Memorial
★ ★ ★ ★ This memorial is dedicated to those men and women of Bethesda-Chevy Chase area who gave their lives in the defense of our country. World War I World War II Korean War Vietnam War The Gulf Wars . . . — Map (db m145229) WM
19Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Bethesda Meeting House
Bethesda Meeting House Founded 1820 – Rebuilt 1850 — Map (db m77717) HM
20Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Cemetery of the Bethesda Presbyterian Church
The Bethesda Meeting House was erected on this site in 1820. The original sanctuary was destroyed by fire. A second edifice was built in 1850 about 100 yards south of the cemetery. In 1926 the church was moved to its present location at Wilson Lane . . . — Map (db m78047) HM
21Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Col. Guilford Dudley Bailey — The Fallen Union Officer for Whom the Battery Was Named —
Born June 4, 1834, in Martinsburg, New York, this 1856 West Point graduate returned to his alma mater as an instructor following a tour of duty in the west and midwest. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Bailey organized the First New York Light . . . — Map (db m17695) HM
22Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Five Points, historic crossroads
This commemorative site known as "Five Points," has been used as a commercial crossroads for almost 300 years. Its name was derived from the old Indian trails which are now merged and identified as Edgemoor Lane, Wisconsin Avenue, East West Highway . . . — Map (db m84) HM
23Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Fort Sumner
Forts Alexander, Ripley and Franklin, built to protect the Washington water system in 1861, were connected by earthworks in 1863 and renamed Ft. Sumner to honor Maj. Gen. Edwin V. Sumner, A hero of Antietam. The fort’s 28 cannon providea a . . . — Map (db m3448) HM
24Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — From Trolley to TrailA Brief History
After the Civil War, America's cities created new transportation systems that enabled them to prosper and grow. During this time, major rail lines were built to connect Washington, D.C. with other cities. Smaller electric streetcar or 'trolley' . . . — Map (db m116775) HM
25Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Home of Samuel Wade Magruder1728-1792
Lieutenant of Volunteers French and Indian War, Magistrate of the 1st. court, Montg. Co. MD. 1777 Major of Maryland Battalion Member of Committee to effect resolutions of first Continental Congress. — Map (db m72752) HM
26Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — In Loving Memory of Robert W. LeblingHusband | Father | WWII Captain | Community Leader | Executive — 1923 - 2000 —
Robert W. Lebling gave to the community with passion, just as he loved his family and friends. Highly respected for his civic and business leadership, Mr. Lebling served on numerous boards and committees for the economic betterment of Bethesda. . . . — Map (db m85) HM
27Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Inlet LocksChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Seven dams and one steam pump were built along the river to funnel water into the canal. In times of drought or low water, usually during the height of summer, river levels dropped dramatically. The canal could not get enough water from the river . . . — Map (db m136925) HM
28Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Lockhouse 6Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
From its inception the vision of the C&O Canal has evolved, constantly finding ways to be relevant. Built in 1829, Lockhouse 6 stands a mile upstream from Little Falls, site of the canal's July 4th groundbreaking the previous year. Lockhouse 6 . . . — Map (db m112119) HM
29Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Locust Grove
Locust Grove, the home of Lucy Beall, Daughter of George, and of Her Husband Samuel Wade Magruder, a local leader in the Revolutionary War, was built around 1770. Located near Montgomery Mall Shopping Plaza (at the intersection of Westlake Terrace . . . — Map (db m72958) HM
30Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Looking North up Wisconsin Avenue at Old Georgetown Road in 1940
Looking north up Wisconsin Avenue at Old Georgetown Road in 1940. The Bank of Bethesda building, now Crestar Bank, is to the left. The sign to the right announces that the Hot Shoppe was coming soon — it opened in January, 1941. Behind the . . . — Map (db m129431) HM
31Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — 12 — Madonna of the Trail
(East Face) N.S.D.A.R. Memorial to the Pioneer Mothers of the Covered Wagon Days. (North Face) This the first military road in America beginning at Rock Creek and Potomac River, Georgetown, Maryland, leading our pioneers . . . — Map (db m167133) HM
32Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Moreland
This property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m137995) HM
33Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — National Naval Medical Center — [Walter Reed National Military Medical Center] —
Panel at main entrance: National Naval Medical Center Tower and View has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Cornerstone inscription at main entrance, north . . . — Map (db m70906) HM
34Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — National Naval Medical Center in the 1940’s
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt selected this site on July 5, 1938. At the time, the site was a cabbage patch on a run down farm. This property was originally part of the “Clagetts’ Purchase” recorded in 1715. The original 772 acre . . . — Map (db m61969) HM WM
35Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Old Georgetown Road
Part of Old Georgetown Road Was once an Indian trail going from what is now Wisconsin Avenue to the Potomac River. In 1806, The Maryland Assembly created the Washington Turnpike Company to improve the Georgetown-Frederick Road. — Map (db m73385) HM
36Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Old Georgetown Road
Old Georgetown Road looking west, in the years just before World War II. Edgemoor Lane intersects — at the left. The Acme Market, a grocery store, is in the center of the picture. — Map (db m129432) HM
37Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — NW5 — Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 5
Original Federal Boundary Stone District of Columbia Placed 1791 - 1792 Protected by John Hall Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1916 — Map (db m154768) HM
38Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 6The District of Columbia Boundary Stones
In 1790, Congress authorized the establishment of a territory 10 miles square on the Potomac River to be the Capital of the United States. It was President Washington's recommendation to use land on both sides of the river. Surveyor Andrew Ellicott, . . . — Map (db m154770) HM
39Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated the NIH Bethesda campus on this site, October 31, 1940
"The National Institute of Health speaks the universal language of humanitarianism. It has been devoted throughout its long and distinguished history to furthering the health of all mankind....In dedicating this Institute, I dedicate it to the . . . — Map (db m67765) HM
40Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Raven and the Sun
The carvings on this bench depict a story from the Salish people of the northwestern United States and British Columbia, Canada. The story explains how Raven delivered the sun, moon, stars, and fire to humanity. These treasures are necessary for . . . — Map (db m77864) HM
41Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Tennallytown and Rockville Railroad
In 1890, the Tennallytown and Rockville Railroad ran along Old Georgetown Road to Bethesda Park, a favorite amusement spot in the area. The park entrance was located on the corner of what is now Old Georgetown Road and Sonoma Road. — Map (db m73284) HM
42Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The Bank of Bethesda Building
The Bank of Bethesda building, now Crestar Bank, as it looked in the 1940's. The bank was established in 1919. This structure was built in 1926, with an addition in 1940, and is constructed of locally-quarried stone. — Map (db m129433) HM
43Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The Centennial AnchorOctober 16, 1987
This centennial anchor, originally from a Coast Guard cutter, rested for many years in front of the Staten Island Marine Hospital where the National Institutes of Health began in 1887 with the founding of the Hygienic Laboratory. It was presented to . . . — Map (db m69105) HM
44Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The Church that Named a Community
The Church that Named a Community was built on this site in 1820 and called Bethesda House of Mercy The entire district came to be called by that name. The community of Bethesda is known the world over as a center of . . . — Map (db m77895) HM
45Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The First Building for the Bethesda Fire Department
The first building for the Bethesda Fire Department, which is shown here, was located at 7620 Old Georgetown Road. It was built in 1926 and an addition was completed in 1931. The photograph was taken in the 1940's. — Map (db m129430) HM
46Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The Georgetown Branch Railroad
The Capital Crescent Trail follows the route of an old railroad line called the Georgetown Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O). It's all that remains of an unrealized attempt by the B&O to construct a major rail link between the . . . — Map (db m83) HM
47Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The Louis Stokes Laboratories
By Act of Congress This building is designated as the (sic) The Louis Stokes Laboratories Congressman Louis Stokes served as a distinguished member of the United States Congress for 30 years, representing his native state of Ohio. He was . . . — Map (db m68454) HM
48Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The Mary Woodard Lasker Center for Health Research and Education
Mary Woodward Lasker (1900-1994), with her husband Albert, founded the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation in 1942 to deepen the national commitment to medical science, and to raise awareness of extraordinary basic and clinical research discoveries . . . — Map (db m73073) HM
49Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The Walter Reed Memorial
The 1903 Walter Reed Memorial Association's vision for a memorial in honor of Major Walter Reed was finally realized on 21 November 1966 on the ground of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington DC. After the center's closure on 15 September . . . — Map (db m75846) HM
50Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The Washington and Glen Echo Railroad
From 1891 to 1900, the Glen Echo Railroad Company, later known as the Washington and Glen Echo Railroad, operated a trolley line through what is now Willard Avenue Park. This line comprised part of a series of interconnecting systems that provided . . . — Map (db m126644) HM
51Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — This Complex of Buildings and Gardens
This complex of buildings and gardens stands on part of the land associated with Descendants of Ninian Beall, who came to Maryland in 1650. His son George reputedly gave his name to Georgetown which in 1752 was carved out of property he owned. — Map (db m73142) HM
52Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Tree of HippocratesPlantanus Orientalis
From the Greek Island of Cos, Hippocrates is said to have held classes under the parent tree. The cutting for this tree is a gift the town of Cos presented to the National Library of Medicine at the dedication of its new building. — Map (db m62940) HM
53Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Tree of HippocratesPlatanus Orientalis
From the Greek Island of Cos, Hippocrates is said to have held classes under the parent tree. The gift Tree was presented by the town of Cos to the National Library of Medicine at the dedication of its new building on December 14, 1961. This . . . — Map (db m73312) HM
54Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Tree of HippocratesPlatanus Orientalis
From the Greek Island of Cos, Hippocrates is said to have held classes under the parent tree. The gift Tree was presented by the town of Cos to the National Library of Medicine at the dedication of its new building on December 14, 1961. This . . . — Map (db m74964) HM
55Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Walter Johnson
. . . — Map (db m84499) HM
56Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Walter Johnson House
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m84498) HM
57Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — Walter Reed MonumentHealing Plaza — Walter Reed National Military Medical Center —
Text inscribed on north face of monument: Walter Reed 1851 - 1902 Bacteriologist Research Scientist In honor of his great work in the fight for the eradication of yellow fever Text inscribed on south face of monument: . . . — Map (db m68989) HM
58Maryland (Montgomery County), Boyds — Black Hill Gold Mine
Several pits for the mining of gold formerly existed in Black Hill Regional Park. A result of gold mining fever in Montgomery County between 1850 and 1950. In this open pit extraction site, miners used simple picks and shovels. Ore containing gold . . . — Map (db m67980) HM
59Maryland (Montgomery County), Boyds — To Honor the Memory of George A, (Jay) Chadwick Jr.November 20, 1911 - July 20, 2001
In 1946 Mr. George A. (Jay) Chadwick, Jr. bought the Gold Mine Farm which now makes up a large part of Black Hill Regional Park. He cleared the property of brush and Fieldstone for a dairy farm which was operated for many years. This beautiful stone . . . — Map (db m90477) HM
60Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — A RefugeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Many Washington residents fleeing the British invasion in August 1814 converged on this quiet village. Brookeville also provided a haven for hungry soldiers as they headed for Baltimore following the American Defeat at Bladensburg. . . . — Map (db m76403) HM
61Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — August 26, 1814
In this village President Madison and members of his official family found refuge in the home of Caleb Bentley, first Postmaster of Brookeville, following the burning of the Capitol and the White House by the British army. Many other refugees from . . . — Map (db m363) HM
62Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Bentley HouseUnited States Capital for a Day — War of 1812 Bicentennial Brookeville, Maryland —
Erected in ca. 1798, the Federal style Bentley House was the first substantial structure to be built in Brookeville. In 1814 it was the home of Caleb and Henrietta Bentley. Caleb was the town's first postmaster and merchant, and the house includes a . . . — Map (db m76398) HM
63Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Briggs HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
The Briggs House was built in 1803 for Hannah Brooke Briggs and her husband Isaac Briggs, who were still living here in 1814. The Briggses also owned a house and farm known as Sharon in Sandy Spring. Hannah, a devout Quaker, married Isaac Briggs in . . . — Map (db m128850) HM
64Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — BrookevillePrisoners Paroled — Gettysburg Campaign —
On June 28, 1863, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart left Rockville with three cavalry brigades, 125 captured Union supply wagons, and more than 400 military and civilian prisoners, arriving in Brookeville that night. At every opportunity, prisoners . . . — Map (db m366) HM
65Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Brookeville AcademyWar of 1812 Bicentennial — Brookeville, Maryland —
The Brookeville Academy was founded in 1810 by the town's leading citizens and built largely with donated materials. The building began as a one-story structure that was raised to two stories in 1834. The Academy provided a well-rounded education to . . . — Map (db m114387) HM
66Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Brookeville Angel
Sculptor Stefan Saal created the Brookeville Angel over a three-month period in 1994 from a white oak tree (Quercus alba) located on the east side of Georgia Avenue (Rt. #97) south of town. "Father Don" (Donald Van Alstyne) of the Marian Fathers . . . — Map (db m368) HM
67Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Brookeville Schoolhouse
The Brookville Schoolhouse sits upon land purchased for $300 in 1865, four years after the Maryland General Assembly established the Montgomery County public school system. At some subsequent point, the school began operation as a traditional . . . — Map (db m114395) HM
68Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — EltonBirthplace of Ridgely Brown, CSA — 1833-1864 —
May 15, 1862, with seventeen young Marylanders he organized First Maryland cavalry. He served consistently and gallantly, rising from Private to Lt. Colonel. Killed at South Anna River, Virginia, June 1, 1864. — Map (db m362) HM
69Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Gassaway HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
The Gassaway House was built about 1804 for Samuel and Anne Leeke. Brice John Gassaway purchased it in 1812 and he and his wife Dinah and two of their seven grown children were living here in 1814. Brice, a retired gentleman farmer from western Anne . . . — Map (db m114392) HM
70Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Historic Brookeville
Welcome to Historic Brookeville Founded 1794 United States Capitol for a Day August 26, 1814. Incorporated 1808 — Map (db m3565) HM
71Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — In This House
In this house August 26-27 1814 President James Madison and Richard Rush Attorney General • were sheltered after the burning by the British of the public buildings at Washington August 24-25, . . . — Map (db m364) HM
72Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Madison House
On August 26, 1814 this house provided shelter for President Madison and his official party during the British burning of the federal buildings in Washington, D.C. in the War of 1812. The following day, August 27th, the Secretary of State James . . . — Map (db m365) HM
73Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Margaret Brooke HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
One of the four federal style masonry houses that were standing in Brookeville in 1814, this house was built by real estate investor Caleb Pancoast about 1806 and sold shortly thereafter. In 1814 it was home of Margaret Brooke, the unmarried sister . . . — Map (db m114388) HM
74Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Mills in the Upcounty
The streams of Montgomery County's Piedmont Region run faster and deeper than those of the Coastal Plain. Steam power fueled the early industrial age in Montgomery County in the late-18th and 19th centuries. Mills along the Hawlings River stream . . . — Map (db m114415) HM
75Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Murphy HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
Greenbury Murphy, Brookeville's first blacksmith, built this exceptionally fine Federal style house about 1807, financing its construction and that of a blacksmith shop with a mortgage from local merchant Caleb Bentley. The brick house, a . . . — Map (db m114389) HM
76Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Newlin’s Mill
In 1800, Thomas Moore, Jr. and his wife, Mary Brooke Moore sold to David Newlin four acres inherited from Mrs. Moore's father, Roger Brooke IV, described as "standing below Newlin's Mill dam". Initially, Newlin operated an oil mill on this site, . . . — Map (db m369) HM
77Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Newlin’s Mill Millstone
Newlin's Mill was located on the west side of Brookeville in the vicinity of Brookeville Road and Market Street (Route 97) and was operated from the early 19th century to the early 20th century. This versatile mill sawed lumber, pressed oil from . . . — Map (db m367) HM
78Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Oakley Cabin
This log structure, acquired as part of Reddy Branch Stream Valley Park, was once part of Oakley Farm. Built before or just after emancipation, the cabin is representative of slave or tenant housing and is a rare surviving example. Reddy Branch, . . . — Map (db m5415) HM
79Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Our Agricultural Heritage
Until World War II, Montgomery County's economy and landscape were primarily agricultural. The American Indian tribes of the county grew corn, squash, and beans on their villages near streams. The earliest settlers from Europe grew tobacco for . . . — Map (db m114417) HM
80Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — The Miller's CottageUnited States Capital for a Day — War of 1812 Bicentennial Brookeville, Maryland —
Known as the Miller's House, this modest stone structure was likely built by the town's founder Richard Thomas, Jr. in the 1790s for the operator of his mill, which stood adjacent to this house, along Reedy Branch of the Hawlings River. The house . . . — Map (db m76416) HM
81Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — The Moore CottageWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
The Moore built this worker's cottage, probably in the late 1790s. Moore was married to Mary Brooke, one of Deborah Thomas's sisters, and the Moores lived on a farm adjacent to Brookeville. Moore was a farmer, inventor, engineer and entrepreneur who . . . — Map (db m114390) HM
82Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — The Rachel Carson Greenway
In 2004, this trail corridor was named in honor of the mother of the modern environmental movement, Rachel Carson. When complete, the Rachel Carson Greenway Trail will be 25 miles long, connecting the Anacostia Trail System in Prince George's County . . . — Map (db m114413) HM
83Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Thomas House SiteWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
Richard Thomas, Jr. and his wife, Deborah Brooke Thomas, the founders of the town of Brookeville, built their large frame house here ca. 1801. In 1814, they were living here with their five children. The town was established on land that Deborah . . . — Map (db m114394) HM
84Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Town of BrookevilleTown of Brookeville, Maryland — United States Capital for a Day August 26, 1814
Town of Brookeville National Register of Historic Places — Map (db m114420) HM
85Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Valley Mill HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
The original section of what is known as the Valley Mill House (on the right) consisted of a single-story, one-room stone cottage with a large open hearth and stair to a sleeping loft. David Newlin built it about 1800, adjacent to his mill complex, . . . — Map (db m114391) HM
86Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookmont — A Canal HomeChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
“When I was 7, we moved [to the] lock, and we were very happy. My mother was so happy to have a home; she was just about wild. And we did love it here, as a locktender, you know?” —Lavenia Cross Waskey The . . . — Map (db m112121) HM
87Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookmont — Original Federal Boundary Stone, District of Columbia, Northwest 4
Original Federal Boundary Stone District of Columbia Placed • 1791 • 1792 Protected by Columbia Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution July 12, 1915 — Map (db m154767) HM
88Maryland (Montgomery County), Cabin John — "…an extravagant expression of Victorian romanticism."
Guests at the Bobinger brothers’ Cabin John Hotel entered the grounds by way of an ornate iron foot bridge crossing Cabin John Creek and ascended along manicured paths to the garden entrance shown here. The place was extravagant in every way, . . . — Map (db m164232) HM
89Maryland (Montgomery County), Cabin John — "The best scenery lies beyond the city, especially in the neighborhood of Cabin John Creek…"Report of the McMillan Commission, 1902.
In the late 19th century the scenery and climate were so renowned that people traveled from distant points seeking the serenity and pleasures that Cabin John offered. They came for the fishing and to view the largest stone arch in the world, an . . . — Map (db m164234) HM
90Maryland (Montgomery County), Cabin John — At All Hours
It shall be the duty, at all hours, by night as well as day, to pass all boats and floats presenting themselves at their locks. — Charles Mercer, President, C&O Canal Company Every time his boat passed through a lock, a boat captain . . . — Map (db m103222) HM
91Maryland (Montgomery County), Cabin John — Building The Cabin John Bridge
"… in our midst exists one of the most imposing and wonderful structures which engineering skill could devise …" --William T.S. Curtis, November 1, 1897, from a paper read before the Columbia Historical Society. As late as the mid-19th . . . — Map (db m22636) HM
92Maryland (Montgomery County), Cabin John — Drop Gate Locks
The “drop gate” on this lift lock was a technological advance over the more common swing-gate lock. It was faster and could be more easily operated by a single employee. Only a few drop-gates were installed on the canal, most of . . . — Map (db m103200) HM
93Maryland (Montgomery County), Cabin John — Lockhouse 10Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
After being neglected for nearly a decade, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal received new life with the New Deal programs in the late 1930s. Two African American Civilian Conservation Corps camps were setup at nearby Cabin John and Carderock to . . . — Map (db m105328) HM
94Maryland (Montgomery County), Cabin John — Swing-Gate Locks
Most canal locks were "swing-gate" locks, opened by pulling or pushing long balance beams that projected from the gates. Stone for the Seven Locks (locks 7 through 14) was cut and finished by stonemasons who were paid by the "piece." Arrows, . . . — Map (db m125187) HM
95Maryland (Montgomery County), Cabin John — The Lock-Keepers
A long blast on a tin horn followed by the boatman's shout of "Hey-ey-ey! Lock! Aw, Lock!" summoned the lock-keeper to duty. Lock-keepers were hired to "attend constantly and diligently by day and night," during the nine month boating season. They . . . — Map (db m125189) HM
96Maryland (Montgomery County), Carderock — Unexpected Benefits in the CCCChesapeake & Ohio National Historical Park
Has a job ever rewarded you with more than a paycheck? This was the case for many young African-American men who reported for duty each morning at Camp NP-2, where you are now standing. They lived a military lifestyle as Civilian . . . — Map (db m160754) HM
97Maryland (Montgomery County), Carderock — Working Hard To SurviveCCC Creates Jobs for America's Unemployed — Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park —
Have you ever had difficulty finding a job? During the Great Depression of the 1930s, 15 million Americans—a quarter of the nation's workforce—were unemployed. Many people lived in poverty. African-American unemployment rates were two . . . — Map (db m160747) HM
98Maryland (Montgomery County), Chevy Chase — Clean Drinking Manor
This Spring is on the site of Clean Drinking, a land grant surveyed for Col. John Courts in 1699. Descendants of Courts, the Jones family, lived at nearby Clean Drinking Manor for many years. Placed by the National Society of the Colonial Dames . . . — Map (db m61517) HM
99Maryland (Montgomery County), Chevy Chase — Colonel Joseph Belt1680 Maryland 1761
. . . — Map (db m70204) HM
100Maryland (Montgomery County), Chevy Chase — Meadowbrook Stables
Hailed as one of the finest saddle clubs in the East when it opened in 1934, Meadowbrook Stables is a handsomely detailed Colonial Revival style house barn with accompanying club unit reportedly modeled after a tavern in Charlottesville, Virginia. . . . — Map (db m140241) HM

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Mar. 8, 2021