“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in St. Mary’s County, Maryland

Clickable Map of St. Mary's County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> St. Mary s County, MD (269) Calvert County, MD (147) Charles County, MD (142) Dorchester County, MD (102) Somerset County, MD (37) Northumberland County, VA (23) Westmoreland County, VA (83)  St.Mary'sCounty(269) St. Mary's County (269)  CalvertCounty(147) Calvert County (147)  CharlesCounty(142) Charles County (142)  DorchesterCounty(102) Dorchester County (102)  SomersetCounty(37) Somerset County (37)  NorthumberlandCountyVirginia(23) Northumberland County (23)  WestmorelandCounty(83) Westmoreland County (83)
Adjacent to St. Mary's County, Maryland
    Calvert County (147)
    Charles County (142)
    Dorchester County (102)
    Somerset County (37)
    Northumberland County, Virginia (23)
    Westmoreland County, Virginia (83)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Maryland (St. Mary's County), California — St. Joseph's Manor
Nicholas Hervey (also Harvey) having "prayeth a grant of mannor" of 1,000 acres of south side of Patuxent River in 1641 "for transporting into the province this present year himself his wife and five other persons." Cecilius Calvert on 25 January . . . — Map (db m81162) HM
2Maryland (St. Mary's County), Chaptico — "Deep Falls"Originally patented March 26, 1680 as "Wales"
. . . — Map (db m81166) HM
3Maryland (St. Mary's County), Chaptico — Chaptico
Established in 1683 as one of the four ports of entry in St. Mary's County. Shipping continued until early in the twentieth century. Christ Church, built in 1736, has been used continuously since. On July 30, 1814, British forces looted the town, . . . — Map (db m17425) HM
4Maryland (St. Mary's County), Chaptico — ChapticoA History of Rebellion
Tiny Chaptico was home to many daring men, beginning with John Coode who led Maryland's 1689 Protestant Rebellion. During the Civil War, Chaptico's blockade runners carried medicin and other supplies at night across the Potomac River past Union . . . — Map (db m17426) HM
5Maryland (St. Mary's County), Chaptico — Christ Church King and Queen Parish
Christ Church King and Queen Parish has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior for its significance in American History — Map (db m81168) HM
6Maryland (St. Mary's County), Chaptico — Prosperous Port TownRaided by British, July 1814
Colonial Settlement followed the rivers inland, and harbors with deep water became commercial and social centers. The Maryland colony was founded in 1634, and Chaptico was officially established by 1683. In 1689, Chaptico's John Goode organized a . . . — Map (db m62741) HM
7Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — Cadet Pierre A. Mourthé
In Memoriam. Cadet Pierre A. Mourthé, Class of 1919, Born September 6th 1897 at Pau, France, who met his death by accidental drowning August 24th, 1917. — Map (db m941) HM
8Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — Charlotte Hall School
In 1774, the Maryland General Assembly passed legislation for the establishment of a school near “Ye Coole Springs” for the education of boys from St. Mary’s, Charles, Calvert, and Prince George’s counties. As a result of the . . . — Map (db m81186) HM
9Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — Charlotte Hall School
An outgrowth of the “Free Schools” established in Maryland in 1723, founded in 1774 “to provide for the liberal and pious education of the youth of this province, the better to fit them for the discharge of their duties.” . . . — Map (db m81286) HM
10Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — Coole Springs of Saint Marie’sCharlotte Hall, Maryland
Waters of exceptional purity and reputed healing quality led to the establishment near here of one of the earliest hospitals in the North American Colonies, authorized by the General Assembly, October 20, 1698. — Map (db m929) HM
11Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — Managing The LineThree Notch Trail
William F. Chesley began his railroad career as a telegraph operator for the Kansas City Southern Railroad in 1906. He worked every position on the line from track worker to manager. Mr. Chesley returned home to St. Mary's County and in 1924 . . . — Map (db m135327) HM
12Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — Maryland Begins Here
St. Mary’s County Welcome Center. Dedicated to all citizens and visitors of St. Mary’s County, Maryland. In 1634, a group of courageous voyagers left England and all that was familiar and set out for the New World in search of religious . . . — Map (db m944) HM
13Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — No Match for British MightStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Bounded by the Patuxent and the Potomac, St. Mary’s County felt the squeeze as British invaders attacked along both rivers, plundering towns and plantations at will. Officials petitioned for federal help “to rescue and save us.” Little . . . — Map (db m81180) HM
14Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — Rear Admiral Raphael Semmes C.S.N.
(1807–1877) Born Charles County. Attended Charlotte Hall Mil. Academy. US Navy – Mexican War. Practiced Law. Commissioned in CSN 1861. Captained CSS Sumter. Later commanded CSS Alabama. Most successful raider with 82 naval victories. . . . — Map (db m140069) HM
15Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — Village of Charlotte HallThree Notch Trail
The Village of Charlotte Hall derived its name from the school located there, authorized by the Maryland General Assembly in 1774. The area was originally known as "Ye Coole Springs" for the purported healing qualities of the drinking water the . . . — Map (db m135328) HM
16Maryland (St. Mary's County), Charlotte Hall — Ye Coole SpringsThree Notch Trail
Legends of healing waters in St. Mary's came from the Native Americans and the colonists who believed in the therapeutic properties of the fresh water springs at Charlotte Hall. Around 1698, Governor Thomas Nicholson appointed trustees to purchase . . . — Map (db m135329) HM
17Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — " of the pleasantest summer resorts on the Potomac"
Tourism thrived on the island after Dr. Joseph McWilliams built a steamboat wharf in 1868. Dr. McWilliams enlarged his home to make room for a growing number of summer visitors from Baltimore and Washington. he also added cottages, a dining hall, . . . — Map (db m24198) HM
18Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — "With a laudable and pious zeal for the propagation of the Christian faith"
A Catholic Mass, the first in English America, was celebrated here on March 25, 1634. It was a time of beginnings; the first day of the year on the old Julian Calendar and the Feast of the Annunciation. Catholic leaders were determine to . . . — Map (db m24191) HM
19Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — A Target for Big Guns
In 1918, the United States War Department established the Dahlgren Proving Grounds in King George County, Virginia. Military leaders who had observed the death and destruction of World War I wanted more accurate and effective large guns for future . . . — Map (db m104737) HM
20Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — Blackistone Island LighthouseKeepers of the Light
1851 Isaac Wood 1853 George Goddard 1859 Jerome L. McWilliams 1868 Dr. Joseph L. McWilliams 1875 Mrs. Josephine McWilliams Freeman 1912 William M. Freeman, Jr. 1913 Leonard H. Staubly 1917 Francis E. Butterfield, Jr. 1918 William . . . — Map (db m24187) HM
21Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — Maryland Began Here!
Two ships, the 400-ton Ark and the 50-ton Dove landed almost 150 English settlers here in March of 1634. After a stormy passage from England, the 28-year-old Governor Leonard Calvert, brother of Lord Baltimore, looked for a safe place . . . — Map (db m24194) HM
22Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — Mother of Light Shrine
East Face Maryland was dedicated to Mary, the Mother of God, during the first Mass held on St. Clement's Island. John Carroll, the first Catholic Bishop of the United States declared our young nation to be under Mary's protection in 1792. . . . — Map (db m9496) HM
23Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — Potomac River Dory Boat
The Potomac River dory boat originated around the 1880s and was built almost exclusively within this area of St. Mary's County, Maryland. How the name dory boat came to be is unknown, but its unique design features a V-bottom, planked lengthwise . . . — Map (db m22148) HM
24Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — Saint Clement’s Island(One-half mile offshore)
Site of the first landing of Governor Leonard Calvert and the Maryland colonists, March 25, 1634. Here, on the same day, Father Andrew White, S. J. celebrated the first Catholic mass in the British-American colonies. The Island became a part of . . . — Map (db m9152) HM
25Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — St. Clement's Island
To this island in March 1634, Governor Leonard Calvert and the first Maryland colonists came in the vessels Ark and Dove. Here they took possession of the Province of Maryland, erected a cross of Maryland wood and celebrated the Holy Sacrifice. Here . . . — Map (db m24197) HM
26Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — St. Clement's Island Lighthouse"None of the Lighthouses ... are Safe"
On May 19, 1864 Confederates raided St. Clement's Island to destroy the 1851 lighthouse. Capt. John Goldsmith, a county residence who had once owned the island, led the attack, having joined the Confederate army in Virginia. In a thirty-foot . . . — Map (db m9181) HM
27Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — St. Clements Manor1639 — 11,400 acres —
In St. Clements Hundred, St. Mary’s County laid out with court leet and baron, and patented to Dr. Thomas Gerard, Esq. and bequeathed to his oldest son Capt. Justinian Gerard — Map (db m9183) HM
28Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — The Shrinking Island
Glaciers, storms, tides and winds are constantly creating and destroying islands and shorelines throughout the Chesapeake Bay region. According to Maryland settler and Jesuit missionary Father Andrew White, St. Clement's Island was 400 acres in . . . — Map (db m24196) HM
29Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — Welcome to St. Clement's Island
This small island, one of hundreds in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, has a history as old as Maryland. St. Clement's was the first landfall of the Maryland settlers in 1634. A Potomac River landmark for almost four centuries, it has been a . . . — Map (db m24200) HM
30Maryland (St. Mary's County), Coltons Point — Welcome to St. Clement's Island
This small island, one of hundreds in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, has a history as old as Maryland. St. Clement's was the first landfall of the Maryland settlers in 1634. A Potomac River landmark for almost four centuries, it has been a . . . — Map (db m24201) HM
31Maryland (St. Mary's County), Compton — Manor of Little Brittaine
Later known as "Newtowne Manor" in New Towne Hundred, St. Mary's Co. Patented in 1640 to William Bretton, Gent. early clerk of the general assembly, member of second general assembly, magistrate of St. Mary's Co. — Map (db m9041) HM
32Maryland (St. Mary's County), Compton — The Wished For Country
After braving a four month voyage from England, the Maryland colonists first landed on St. Clements Island. It was here that Governor Leonard Calvert took possession "...for Saviour and Sovereigh..." on March 25, 1634. The seeds of Religious . . . — Map (db m9182) HM
33Maryland (St. Mary's County), Great Mills — Cecil's General Store
The present Cecil store and house were built in 1906. This building replaced a one story store at Clifton Factory that stood on the same site, and the house stands on the same site of an old three story structure called "The Tavern." This . . . — Map (db m138942) HM
34Maryland (St. Mary's County), Great Mills — Cecil's MillGreat Mills
Around 1900, John Thomas Cecil built this mill over the foundation of W.W. Cecil's mill which was torn down. The first belt driven roller mill in the county and the saw mill were operated by water power until Cecil's death in 1927. His son, H. Robb . . . — Map (db m138936) HM
35Maryland (St. Mary's County), Great Mills — Cecil's Mill Historic District
The original water-powered textile mill. "Clifton factory," built in 1812, was rebuilt as a flour mill in 1900 by John Thomas Cecil. Historic district also includes Cecil's Country Store and post office built in 1906. — Map (db m16792) HM
36Maryland (St. Mary's County), Great Mills — Cecil's Saw Mill
A saw mill has been on this site since circa 1820. The present structure has been restored using most of the "American" saw mill parts dating from 1910. The mill has not operated since the fatal injury of H. Robb Cecil on 22 April 1959. Restoration . . . — Map (db m62591) HM
37Maryland (St. Mary's County), Great Mills — Clifton FactoryGreat Mills
A textile factory was built originally on this site in an attempt to develop cotton as an alternative crop to tobacco, still a major crop in this area. One of the county's leading manufacturing industries in the early 1800's, in time the cotton crop . . . — Map (db m138938) HM
38Maryland (St. Mary's County), Great Mills — Rat Hall
During the early 1800's, the flourishing textile industry at Clifton Factory supported what was considered a "cotton town." Land was subdivided into small lots to accommodate housing for the growing community. Several of these small structures were . . . — Map (db m138939) HM
39Maryland (St. Mary's County), Hillville — Fenwick Manor
On April 24, 1651 Cuthbert Fenwick was granted absolute lordship of Fenwick Manor. Sometimes called St. Cuthbert's Manor, with all the rights and privileges of holding court baron and court leet. The manor was 2,000 acres in resurrection hundred on . . . — Map (db m81163) HM
40Maryland (St. Mary's County), Hollywood — Port of Entry
During colonial days, English government has hopes of exporting furs, foodstuffs, timber, flax and other products from Maryland's ports to the home county. In reality, tobacco was the only notable item produced and exported to England in large . . . — Map (db m62630) HM
41Maryland (St. Mary's County), Hollywood — Remembering Ancestors at the Sotterley PlantationThe Price of Prosperity — The Middle Passage to Patuxent —
The Price of Prosperity By the latter part of the 17th century, the development of the plantation economy of Maryland was well established. The shift of political power from English nobles to wealthy planters and fewer indentured servants . . . — Map (db m146563) HM
42Maryland (St. Mary's County), Hollywood — Rosedale
Part of Resurrection Manor An original grant in 1650 of 4000 acres to Thomas Cornwaleys, Esq. with Court Leet and Court Baron "and all things belonging therunto by law and custom of England" Dedicated May 1972 by the National Society of . . . — Map (db m62460) HM
43Maryland (St. Mary's County), Hollywood — Sotterley's Remaining Slave Cabin
In the 18th century, enslaved African Americans were housed in outlying barns and buildings of the plantation, as well as in the passageways of the manor house. By the 19th century, approximately ten slave cabins were constructed between the ravine . . . — Map (db m62593) HM
44Maryland (St. Mary's County), Hollywood — Tobacco's Impact
Tobacco farming dramatically changed Southern Maryland's natural environment by depleting the rich soils of nutrients. In the 18th and 19th centuries, farmers rotated fields, introduced fertilizers and guano (bat dung), and employed deeper plowing . . . — Map (db m62613) HM
45Maryland (St. Mary's County), Hollywood — War Hits HomeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Sotterley and other nearby plantations paid a heavy price in the War of 1812. British blockades impeded trade of their principal cash crop -- tobacco -- and enemy raids plundered the region. In June 1814 British forces landed near Sotterley, . . . — Map (db m62610) HM
46Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — A Town SparedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
In July 1813, British troops seized St. Clements and St. George Islands and established a base at Point Lookout. From there they repeatedly raided the countryside, terrorizing local residents They ramped up their assault in the summer of . . . — Map (db m80392) HM
47Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — Center of CitizenshipTarget of Three-Prong Attack
Leonardtown's Early Years Carved from a large land grant named New Towne Hundred by an act of Maryland's Early Colonial government to advance commerce, this area had been known by several other names --Sheppard's Old Fields, Seymour Towne, . . . — Map (db m81523) HM
48Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — Fun on the WaterfrontLeonardtown Wharf
The waterfront was fun and exciting for all ages. The last quarter of the 19th century has been called Maryland's Golden Age. It was a time of expanding educational and economic opportunities and during those years, the waterfront provided . . . — Map (db m62711) HM
49Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — Invasion!Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Imagine the scene here on July 19, 1814, as Breton Bay filled with barges of British Royal Marines intent on attacking Leonardtown. Rear Admiral George Cockburn led the invasion force that came ashore at the town wharf. Raiders also approached the . . . — Map (db m62640) HM
50Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — LeonardtownEstablished in 1660
Named Seymour Town in honor of Governor John Seymour and designated St. Mary’s county seat by the General Assembly in 1708. Name changed to Leonardtown by the General Assembly in 1728 in honor of Leonard Calvert, first colonial governor of Maryland. — Map (db m953) HM
51Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — LeonardtownSpies, Intriguers and Blockade Runners
When the white citizens of St. Mary’s County voted here in the 1860 presidential election, John Breckenridge, the secessionist candidate who carried Maryland, got 920 votes. Abraham Lincoln received 9 percent of the popular Maryland vote; the . . . — Map (db m955) HM
52Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — Site of the Methodist Episcopal Meeting House (c.1847)
The Oldest Surviving Building on Washington Street A Prime Example of Adaptive Re-Use Listed in the Maryland Historical Trust 1852 – Wesley Chapel 1875 – St.Mary's Reading Room         and Debating Society – Library . . . — Map (db m81522) HM
53Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — Steamboats at the WaterfrontLeonardtown Wharf
A Way of life...never to be seen again. David C. Holly, Tidewater by Steamboat In the midst of the War of 1812, The Chesapeake, first steamboat built to ply the waters of the Chesapeake Bay, safely made its maiden voyage . . . — Map (db m62718) HM
54Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — The Great House
On this site, lot 39, as designated of a plat of Leonardtown c. 1728, was constructed the “Great House” of John Stewart. Built c. 1734, the structure stood until 1960 and over the years served many purposes being referenced at various . . . — Map (db m80379) HM
55Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — The Mural Story
The mural scene depicts various time periods in Leonardtown’s history. In general, the left side of the painting presents an older time period, around the turn of the century. As you move to the right, the chronology advances to a point in the . . . — Map (db m957) HM
56Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — This Cannon
This cannon was brought to Maryland in 1634 on The Ark. Used in defense of St. Mary’s City and as a St. Inigoes Manor boundary marker. Presented to St. Mary’s County Historical Society by The Society of Jesus. (original inscription . . . — Map (db m956) HM
57Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — Trade on the WaterfrontLeonardtown Wharf
The Wharf Connected Leonardtown to the outside world. Before roads were built, or rails laid for trains, goods and people traveled by ship. In the mid-1600s, ships called directly at the wharves of Maryland plantations to pick up tobacco, . . . — Map (db m62678) HM
58Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — Tudor Hall
Formerly Americus Felix Secundus Built by Abraham Barnes in 1750 Extensively Enlarged by Philip Key In 1796 Is Now Dedicated to All Citizens of St. Mary's County As a Free Public Library The Gift of Mary Patterson Davidson 1950 . . . — Map (db m80358) HM WM
59Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — Veterans Memorial
The citizens of St. Mary's County dedicate this monument in memory of those who made the supreme sacrifice and those who valiantly served Korean War 1950 - 1955 • Bennett, Henry A., Pvt USA, Leonardtown, KIA Apr. 11, 1951 • . . . — Map (db m138982) WM
60Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — War Comes to Breton BayTudor Hall — Grand Home of Maryland Patriots —
In 1812, our young Nation went to war against what was then the mightiest sea power on earth - Great Britain. It has been suggested that what Americans call the War of 1812 was instead the "American Theater" of the very first wrold war when France . . . — Map (db m17428) HM
61Maryland (St. Mary's County), Leonardtown — World War I Monument -- LeonardtownGloria Pro Patria In Armis Contendere
This Monument is gratefully erected by the citizens of St. Mary's County in honor of her heroes in the World War 1917-1918 and dedicated to this 11th day of November 1921 Gloria Pro Patria Mori The Names on this monument are . . . — Map (db m62749) WM
62Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Against the OddsStar-Spangled Banner National Trail
Both a squadron of the British navy and severe weather challenged the famed Chesapeake Flotilla off Cedar Point on June 1, 1814. The modest fleet of armed barges was assembled by Joshua Barney to harass British ships. With an inadequate professional . . . — Map (db m62589) HM
63Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — AIM-9H Sidewinder Missile
The First Solid-State Sidewinder The AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missile was developed by the Navy's Pacific Missile Test Center at China Lake, California, in the early 1950s. It was the first missile to be guided by tracking the heat . . . — Map (db m138641) HM
64Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Architectural Significance of the First Lexington Park Community
The U.S. Navy developed Lexington Park to house the civilian workers who streamed into the area following the establishment of the Patuxent River Naval Air Station. Named for the storied carrier Lexington, it was the first planned community . . . — Map (db m56719) HM
65Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Beech T-34B Mentor
Training Naval Aviators for Over Four Decades Loosely based on the popular civil Beech Bonanza aircraft, the T-34 began replacing the Navy's original T-6 Texan (also known as the SNJ) in 1954. In 2000, T34Cs began being replaced by the T-6A . . . — Map (db m138623) HM
66Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Bell TH-1L Iroquois
The "Huey" After winning the U.S. Army's 1952 competition for a light utility helicopter, the H-1 "Huey" became the West's most popular, most versatile, and longest-lived military helicopter. In 1962, the U.S. Marine Corps selected the . . . — Map (db m138660) HM
67Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Bell-Boeing MV-22B Osprey Test Aircraft No. 8 ("Eight-ball")
Display Aircraft: MV-22B, Bureau Number 164940, is one of four Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) test aircraft and the 8th Osprey built. Manufactured in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Arlington, Texas. Its first flight was on 23 . . . — Map (db m138668) HM
68Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Boeing Vertol CH-46E Sea Knight
The "Battle Phrog" The Sea Knight was developed as an assault helicopter for the U.S. Marine Corps. It featured tandem rotors (one in front, one in back) that folded for shipboard stowage. Although other helicopters with tandem rotors preceded . . . — Map (db m138659) HM
69Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Boeing X-32B JSF Demonstrator
Almost the Joint Strike Fighter In 1996 the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program awarded $750 million contracts to both Boeing and Lockheed Martin. Each contractor was to design and build two JSF demonstrators to compare different propulsion . . . — Map (db m138656) HM
70Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Cedar Point Lighthouse
Panel 1: Chronology The Cedar Point Lighthouse marked the southern point of the confluence of the Chesapeake Bay and the Patuxent River during the years from its completion in 1896 until it was abandoned by the Coast Guard in 1928. This . . . — Map (db m62467) HM
71Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Cedar Point Lighthouse Cupola (1896)
A Chesapeake Landmark Erected in 1896, the Cedar Point Lighthouse marked the southern point of where the Patuxent River and Chesapeake Bay come together. The lighthouse was a three-story brick and frame structure, with its cupola mounted 50 . . . — Map (db m138622) HM
72Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Douglas F-6A (F4D) Skyray
The First Carrier-Based Interceptor One of the most important of the early Navy jets, the F-6A (designated F4D—or "Ford"—before 1962) exploited advanced engine and all-weather radar technologies to prove that carrier-based aircraft . . . — Map (db m138631) HM
73Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Douglas NA-4M Skyhawk
More Than An Attack Aircraft Affectionately known as the "Scooter," the A-4 satisfied the Navy's need for a low-complexity successor to the equality unsophisticated, propeller-driven A-1 Skyraider attack aircraft. Over 3000 A-4s were operated . . . — Map (db m138632) HM
74Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Grumman A-6 Intruder
The Intruder is a medium-attack, all weather day-night carrier-based combat aircraft. Its first flight (prototype YA-2F1 BuNo 147864) was on 16 April 1960. The Navy’s designation of the Intruder was changed from the A-2F to the A-6A in October 1962. . . . — Map (db m94285) HM
75Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Grumman A-6E Intruder
All-Weather Attack, Day or Night Grumman's A-6 Intruder was designed around a powerful air-to-surface radar. The final version, the A-6E, also featured an infrared/laser multi-sensor. In adverse conditions, these radar and optical systems . . . — Map (db m138665) HM
76Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Grumman E-2B Hawkeye
Eye in the Sky Housing a powerful search radar antenna, the E-2's 24-foot diameter rotating dome is unmistakable. The first aircraft designated for Airborne Early Warning, the E-2 conducts air, sea, and land surveillance. It can control . . . — Map (db m138661) HM
77Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Grumman F-9J Cougar
A Capable Cat The F9F was unquestionably the most successful of the Navy's early jets. From the subsonic, straight-winged Panther of the Korean War, the F9F series evolved into supersonic swept-wing F9F-6 and F9F-8 Cougars. F9F-8Bs . . . — Map (db m138634) HM
78Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Grumman NF-14D Tomcat
The Ultimate Cat The Tomcat was designed with "variable geometry" wings that extended straight out from the fuselage for takeoffs and landings, but swept back at a 68°-degree angle for high-speed flight. Originally a fighter/interceptor for . . . — Map (db m138644) HM
79Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Grumman S-2D Tracker
A New Approach to Anti-Submarine Warfare Nicknamed "Stoof" (a rough pronunciation of its designation), the S2F (later re-designated S-2), was the first carrier-based aircraft able to both search for an attack submarines. Previously, the two . . . — Map (db m138646) HM
80Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite
A Swiss Army Knife with Rotors Originally designed as a single-engine utility helicopter, the Seasprite quickly became a twin-engine aircraft with multiple versions and missions. The HH-2C, with armor and guns was used for combat search and . . . — Map (db m138658) HM
81Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Lockheed S-3B Viking
The Last of the Breed Successor to the propeller-driven S-2 Tracker (also here on PRNAM's flight line), the S-3 gave its crews a well-integrated suite of ASW (anti-submarine warfare) and anti-ship systems with more warfighting capability and . . . — Map (db m138657) HM
82Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — LTV NA-7A Corsair II
No Slack in Light Attack A derivative of the F-8 fighter, the Ling Temco Vought (LTV) A-7 Corsair II came into prominence during the Vietnam War, where it served as a close air support and attack aircraft. The first aircraft with a cockpit . . . — Map (db m138637) HM
83Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II
The First of Its Kind The McDonnell Douglas/Boeing AV-8B Harrier II evolved from the British Hakwer Siddeley Type Number P.1127 (1957). Together, the United Kingdom, United States and Germany funded the evaluation of nine development aircraft, . . . — Map (db m138669) HM
84Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — McDonnell Douglas F/A-18A Hornet
A True Multi-Role Fighter In 1975 the U.S. Navy / Marine Corps competitively chose the F/A-18 Hornet to replace the F-4 Phantom II, A-4 Skyhawk, and A-7 Corsair II fighter and attack aircraft. The Hornet was seen as an affordable, single-seat . . . — Map (db m138663) HM
85Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — McDonnell Douglas F-4J Phantom II
The First Modern Strike Fighter As the direct descendent of the disappointing F3H Demon, the F-4's success was anything but assured. But, with over 5000 F-4s of various versions ultimately delivered to the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Air . . . — Map (db m138640) HM
86Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Mk-82 500-lb Snakeye Bomb
A Low-Level "Dumb" Bomb The Mark-80 series of unguided general-purpose bombs was first used in the Vietnam War. The Mk-80 series' 500-lb variant is the Mk-82. Like all Mk-80 series bombs, the Mk-82 cannot be safely employed at low altitudes in . . . — Map (db m138642) HM
87Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — NC-8A Mobile Electric Power Plant (MEPP)
Powering Naval Aircraft Mobile electric power plants (MEPPs) are used on the flight decks of aircraft carriers and on shore facilities. MEPPs supply regulated electrical power for aircraft servicing, starting, maintenance, and testing. The . . . — Map (db m138627) HM
88Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — North American RA-5C Vigilante
Very Fast, Very Heavy Reconnaissance The RA-5C began as the A3J Vigilante (redesignated A-5 in 1962), a carrier-based bomber designed to deliver a nuclear weapon and travel at twice the speed of sound. Two years after Vigilantes were fielded, . . . — Map (db m138664) HM
89Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — North American T-2C Buckeye
Training Jet Jocks For over four decades, aspiring Navy and Marine Corps pilots learned the art of operating jets from aircraft carriers in a T-2 Buckeye. Unglamorous and unsophisticated, the T-2 was designed for only one vitally important . . . — Map (db m138625) HM
90Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — North American T-39D Sabreliner
Naval Flight Officer Training The civilian Sabreliner is a late-1950s-era business jet with wings based on those of the F-86 Sabre jet liner. In the early 1960s, the U.S. Navy converted a number of Sabreliners into T-39 aircraft for the purpose . . . — Map (db m138645) HM
91Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler
Electronic Warfare First fielded in 1971, the EA-6B Prowler was derived from Grumman's A-6 Intruder attack aircraft. The long-range, all-weather EA-6B was flown by the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps squadrons, but never sold to foreign nations. . . . — Map (db m138666) HM
92Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Patuxent River Naval Air MuseumNaval Air Station, Patuxent River, Maryland
This Museum is the vision of a group of Navy and civilian personnel who in 1974 set out to formally organize a museum to preserve and celebrate the history of the Naval Air Test Center at Patuxent River. They received support from the . . . — Map (db m154154) HM
93Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Raytheon T-6A Texan II
Making Naval Aviators After completing ground school, the two-seat T-6 Texan II is the first aircraft an aspiring Naval Aviator will fly. Derived from the commercial Pilatus PC-9 aircraft, the T-6A won the Joint Primary Aircraft Training System . . . — Map (db m138624) HM
94Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Saint Nicholas Church
1637 Jesuit Mission of Father Andrew White was located a mile from here on Patuxent River, on land given by Mattapanient Indian Chief Macquacomen. The first St. Nicholas Church was built at this site in 1796 by Jesuit Father James Walton. Present . . . — Map (db m999) HM
95Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Sikorsky CH-53A Sea Stallion
The CH-53A, the predecessor of America’s largest helicopter today, the CH-53E, was first flown in October 1964 and began entering service in 1966. Within 16,000 lb of cargo capacity, this large all-weather-capable helicopter could carry two jeeps, . . . — Map (db m94287) HM
96Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — Sikorsky CH-53A Sea Stallion
Heavy Lifting Sikorsky's CH-53 series started big and just kept growing. The first major leap came with the CH-53E Super Stallion, which added a third engine (the first generation CH-53A before you has two) and considerably more lift . . . — Map (db m138667) HM
97Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — St. Mary’s County and U.S. Navy History
In 1942, the Department of Defense acquired land in St. Mary’s County and began construction of the Patuxent River Naval Air Station, a facility that would play a crucial role in testing airplanes used on World War II aircraft carriers. The . . . — Map (db m56863) HM
98Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — TA-75A Tow Tractor
Moving Naval Aircraft Powered by a Ford 302 V-8 gasoline engine, the United Tractor TA-75A was designed to tow aircraft weighing up to 75,000 pounds. The rear deck could mount a gas turbine for starting jet aircraft engines. TA-75As were used . . . — Map (db m138630) HM
99Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — The African American Monument In Elmer Brown Freedom Park
The Monument, a project of Unified Committee for Afro­-American Contributions of St. Mary's County, was dedicated On July 29, 2000, Its purpose is to serve as an external reminder of the contributions of African Americans to the growth and . . . — Map (db m128945) HM
100Maryland (St. Mary's County), Lexington Park — The F9F-8B “Cougar”
The F9F-8B “Cougar” that you see here was graciously donated and transported to this museum by the city of Richmond, Virginia. It had been displayed at their visitors center for many years and had fallen into disrepair. As noted, . . . — Map (db m128946) HM

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Feb. 28, 2021